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as=s!== liiuututnuut Montttm tout ■-- State and National News VOLi^0' 22°‘ _WILMINGTON, N. C„ SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1947 -—---—ESTABLISHED 18§7 Jews Denied Floor Debate United States. Britain Win Stiff F i g H t In UN Steer ing Committee Meeting ^£\V YORK, May 2—(/P)—Trie United States and Britain won a j. if fight tonight in the United Ya'ions Assembly’s steering com mittee to bar Jewish r^present a-ves from floor debate in the ^1] 3o-r.ation assembly on Paie itir.e. The vote was 11 to 0, with Czch. ©Slovakia, Poland and Russia ab staining. The assembly itself still must , rove or reject the decision of the steering committee. Czechoslovakia and Poland, backed by Russia, lost out in an attempt to invite the Jewish Agency for Palestine to appear be fore the assembly and state its case. The vote on the Czech-Polish proposition was eight to three, rr- three abstentions, Canada, France, China, the United States, Britain! India, Egypt and Sweden voted against the Czech-Polish resolution; Russia, Czechoslovakia jod Poland voted for it; Brazil, Honduras and Ecuador abstained. Group Adjourns The steering committee adjourn ed a 7:12 p. m. (EDT). The United Slates, Britain and Russia agreed that the United Na. • ions should hear Jewish views but they disagreed radically on how this should be done. The Jewish agency had no com ment. I The assembly will meet at 11 j s. m. iEDT> tomorrow to hear an address by Miguel Aleman, presi dent of Mexico. Dr. Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil, assembly president, indicated that the delegates might work tomor row possibly debating the steering committee’s action on Jewish rep resentation. The British and Americans con tend principally that the charter permits only sovereign states to appear on the floor. The position taken by the three great powers in debate in the As sembly's Steering committee on Jewish representation in the as sembly deliberations were: 1. United States—Jewish Agency for Palestine should be permitted to present its views and the as sembly’s 55-nation political com tr.i'.tee should be the forum. The agency's expression should be limited to its views on the pro posal for setting up a U.N. inquiry committee on Palestine. 2. Britain—Agreed with the Unit ed States but felt that the dele gates should decide on how far the political committee could go in hearing the Jews. 3 Soviet Russia — Advocated hearing the Jewish side on the assembly floor and supported a Czech-Polish resolution asking the assembly to invite the Jewish agency for hearings. From the Arab side, Mahoud (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) TRANSFERS MAY BE DISCONTINUED City Council Due To Hear Request For Support At Next Meeting A move to request the State Utilities commission to grant the discontinuance of transfer passen ger slips on Safeway Transit com pany busses here has already been started with a letter to City Manager J. R. Benson requesting that the matter be brought before the city council at its next meet ing, it was reported yesterday. T. J. Ba'rd, superintendent of transportation of the bus com pany. declined to comment on the matter although Ed Vow, attorney for the firm, gave foundation to the story by saying that the peti tion had not as yet been presented to the SUC. The matter, he said, is due to be taken up with the city first. Seek Support The reason for the presentation of the matter to the council is to gain, support of the proposal be fore the matter is officially brought to tile attention of the commission. A member of the city council expressed the opinion yesterday that the raising of rates to seven cents per person would follow the killing of transfers. The Safeway company has been in operation here for two years, having purchased franchise rights and equipment from the Tide Wa ter Power company in 1945. The Weather FORECAST: South Carolina — Mostly fair and Varxner Saturday and Sunday. North Carolina—Considerable cloudi ng Saturday, warmer in afternoon, S-Ttday p rtly cloudy and warmer (Eastern Standard Time/ (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours «r.ciing 7:30 p m. yesterday. TEMPERATURES 1:30 a. m. 67. 7.30 a m. 66; 1:30 p. • m ,e 7 30 p. m. 72; Maximum 77; Mini rr-Jrn 63; Mean 70: Normal 67. HUMIDITY • 30 a. m. 82; 7:20 a rn. 91; 1:30 p. m. 55. 7:30 p. m. 45. PRECIPITATION *>tal for 24 hours ending 7 :30 p. m •52 inches. Total since the first of the month -91 inches. TIDES FOR TODAY •From the Tide Tables published by U. 8 Coast and Geodetic Survey). High Low Wilmington 8:34 a.m. 3:12 a.m. 9:03 p.m. 3 :26 p.m. Masonboro 6:21 a.m. 12:18 a m 6:51 p.m. 12:29 p.m. Sunrise 5:21; Sunset 6:57; Moonrisc • 'i8p; Moonset 4:29a. River stage at Fayetteville, N. C. at l * m. Friday 11.8 feet. More Weather On Page Two WHEN THE BEES refused to pollinate his New Guinea bean plants, A. G. Stokes, of Melbourne. Australia, did the pollination job himself, and with excellent results. Coral Mashford holds two of the pant beans that he raised. (In ternational) OLD TYPEWRITERS ENTER MAY TRIAL Govern ment Introduces Magnified Photos As Evidence WASHINGTON, May 2. —(TP)— The government introduced great ly magnified photographs of typ ed words and figures today to sup* port its charge in the Garsson-May war fraud trial that fake papers were used to hide alleged bribes to ex-Congressman Andrew J. May. Frank M. Miller, an FBI identi fication expert, demonstrated the pictures. He said they show that typewriters of Garsson munitions firms were used to prepare bills for lumber supposedly submitted by the Cumberland Lumber com pany of Kentucky in which May was interested. May, wartime chairman of the House Military committee, Henry and Murray Garsson and Joseph F. Freeman, Garsson agent in Washington, are being tried joint ly. The government alleges there was a conspiracy to buy May’s influence. It charges that May re ceived more than $50,000 from Gar sson firms to finance the lumber company but failed to deliver any lumber. Denies Charges May has denied he profited from his deals with the Garssons, and says his only interest was in pro moting the war effort. Miller's testimony attacked docu ments supposedly showing legiti mate transactions between Cumber land and two Garsson firms, the Erie Basin and Batavia Metal Products companies. Miller said he examined bills to Erie and Batavia from Cumber land and samples from Erie and Batavia typewriters, and found the typing on all had been done on the same machines. One of the typewriters, a 12-year old machine, was entered into evi dence as were the photographs Miller said defects in typed letters were alike both on the Cumberland invoices and the Erie and Batav ia typewriter specimens. RUFFIN ELECTED HEAD OF CHAMBER Board Of Directors Name Organization Officers At Session Peter B. Ruffin, president of the Wilmington Shipping company, was named president of the Wil mington Chamber of Commerce by the board of directors of the organization at a meeting in the Woodrow Wilson hut here yester day. Ruffin, who is a former mem ber of the board, succeeds E. L. White as head of the chamber. He was nominated for the post by Charles Harrington. Other officers chosen at yester day’s session were Warren W. Bell, vice-president, A. B. Cheat ham second vice - president, and W. B. Beery, treasurer. In addition to heading the Wil mington Shipping company, Ruf fin is affiliated with the Wilming ton Terminal Warehouse company. He is president of the Wilmington Port-Traffic Association and chair man of that organization s board of directors. He is a member of the boarc, c governors of the North Care lina Traffic league and was an officer in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Local Grocer Cuts Prices 10 Per Cent J. C. Parker, Jr., Food Store Owner, An nounces Two-Day Reduction Plan; Says First Cust'ner Re-Action Good _ rt3 The first break ir ton price front ar crete local pric' ^ nished yester- j,/• x Jr., owner ^ tV6 a Food St^ - nut strt Parker, Wilmington Asso - ciation , anno .blanket 10 per cent price /on all food items in his stort with the excep tion of meat. In announcing his move to give the Newburyport, Mass., a two da.- trial, Parker made it clear that if the price reduction was successful he would continue the policy. When asked if his one-man stand against prices had received any support, he said that one'or two local food merchants had in formed him that they would go along with the plan. Parker said, however, that cus tomer re-action to his policjt had been very good and that his store d been a veritable bee hive of yttivity since the cut was an_ "nounced. “Customer after customer ex pressed their pleasure with the decision,” Parker said. Meanwhile, G. F. Hunt, Jr., president of the Wilmington Mer chants Association, said that as far as he knew there was no or ganized effort locally to adopt the Newburyport plan. He said there was a general feeling that any price reductions should come on the wholesale level. He explained that there was a general tendency among local merchants to watch and wait. Hunt also said that no general reduction in prices is being plan neu here as far as he knew and expressed the opinion that no (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) p Wilmington .Rotarians Get President’s Award RED FACES NEW YORK, May 2. — W— U. S. and Mexican secret agents had a bad 20 minutes today — they lost a President’s son some where among Manhattan's mil lions. Miguel Aleman, Jr„ 14, son of the visiting President of Mexico, was riding in a car in the rear of a motorcade en route to a luncheon at the Hotel Commodore, but when the mo torcade reached the hotel it was short a few cars — includ ing young Aleman’s. A frantic search by officers revealed that part of the line of cars had been cut off inad vertently and shunted to the Waldorf-Astoria. Young Aleman was located there and rushed to the Com modore — in time for lunch — and a lot of secret service men heaved a sign of relief. T. BODDIE WARD RESIGNS OFFICE State Motor Vehicles Com missioner Will Step Down June 1 RALEIGH, May 2—(iP)—T. Bod die Ward of Wilson, state motor vehicle commissioner since 1941, has resigned effective June 1, when he will be succeeled by Col. Landon C. Rosser, native of Chat ham county. Ward said he tendered his resig nation so as to devote more time to his business interests. Rosser will begin duties May 13, and he and Warl will work together in order to familiarize the new chief with the job. Rosses, veteran of World War I and World War II, is a gradu ate of N. C. State college. He serv ed overseas in the first world War and was wounded in action. He served for six years as Lee county sheriff and two years with the State Highway Commission. Served In House He later returned to the army, and in 1942 was named executive officer under Brig. Gen John T. Kennedy, commanding at Fort Bragg. He served in the house of the last legislature. Ward- one-time private secre tary to the late Cong. Edward H. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) 11 PERSONS INJURED IN PLANT EXPLOSION AT NEW CASTLE, DEL. NEW CASTLE, Del., May 2.0J.R) —An explosion rocked the one story Deemer Steel Corp. plant today, injuring 11 persons, none seriously Newlin T. Booth, company presi dent, said the explosion was caused by an accumulation of gas in a plant converter. The blast lifted the roof of the building and sent it crashing to the floor. The explosion also knocked out one wall, scattering glass and debris over a wide area. The plant employes 100. The bias, shook a 20-mile area and shattered windows of homes in the vicinity. The injured were admitted to hospitals in Wilmington, 10 miles North of here. Four were dis charged after treatment at Dela ware hospital. The others were detained at Memorial hospital. “Village Of Widows” Appeals For Menfolk VELJUN, Yugoslavia, May 2— pi_ “Send us men so thtft we may bear. children,” the little grey haired woman said today, voicing he collective wish of this village if widows Veljun’s male population—about 300—was massacred by the pro Nazi Ustashi late in 1941. The bodies were dumped into a ravine near a little schoolhouse where die slaughter occurred. Overnight Veljun became a vil age of women. Only a handful of old men and boys were left. About a dozen men survived the fight of rcjUitdncc And concentration cantos. Their return to Veljun explains the few blonde, doll-like babie^ found here. After the shock of their loss had eased somewhat, the women of Veljun realized that their greatest problem was survival. With peas ant realism and patience, they took up the burden of work and responsibility and Veljun became a sort of cooperative matriarchal society. Discuss Problems After each day's work they met to discuss the problems of village I (Continued on Page Two; Col. S) • i Gibson Of Fayetteville Club Named Next Dis trict Governor ATLANAIC BEACH, May 2— The Wilmington Rotary club to day was awarded Rotary’s Interna tional President’s award and Leon Gibson of Fayetteville, was named the next district governor at its annual conference here. The Wilmington club received the award for significant achievment in promoting the "ideal of ser vice" during the last fiscal year. District awards for Rotary ser vice went to four clubs—to Kin ston for best club service, to Beau fort for outstanding community service, to Whiteville for vocation al service, and to Washington for international service. Gibson, who is commanding of ficer of the Fayetteville light in fantry, a past Exalted Ruler of his home town Elks lodge and active in numerous other organi zations, will succeed James W. Butler ol Goldsboro. In accord anc with Rotary practice, he will be formally elected at the next International Convention to be held in San Francisco in June. His nomination was assured when the only other prospective candidate for the post, Gene Booth of Kinston, withdrew from the race yesterday. The Rotarlans and the Rctary Anns, representing 37 clubs in the eastern part of the state and numbering around 400. wound up (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) SAMPSON FARMER TAKES OWN LIFE Shotgun Blast Fatal To 67 Year-Old J. Allen Under wood Of Clinton Area Special To The Star CLINTON, May 2. — J. Allen Underwood, 67-year-old farmer, of near here, was found with a shot gun wound in his head this after noon about four o'clock by his step daughter. Underwood, according to Dr. J. S. Ayres. Sampson county coro ner, apparently died of self-inflicted shotgun wounds about 2:30 o’clock The coroner said the aged man was alone at his home, located about three miles from here on the Dunn highway, during the early after noon. His body was found by the step child when she returnee, home from school. The charge from the 12-guage single barrel shotgun had taken effect in his head. Coroner Ayres said no inquest would be held. The farmer was re ported to have been in ill health for the past several months and often complained to his wife and children that he was not much help on the farm and was “just in the way.” A complete list of survivors and funeral arrangements were not available at a late hour tonight. Governor T akes Hand To End Phone Walkout; P A Sets Service Date __ ---- First Flights In September Airline President Promises Wilmington Four-T r i p Schedule Daily Tom Davis, president of Pied mont Aviation, Inc., of Winston Salem told the Star last night that his firm would inaugurate four daily flights linking Wilmington with Cincinnati, O., by September. Davis said that while a defin ite flight schedule had not yet been worked out, it was planned to have two morning flights and two in the afternoon. Under the proposed plan, he said, a Wilmington man could leave here early in the morning, fly to Cincinnati, attend to two or three hours of business and return by night. The flights, he said, would be spaced several hours apart. That is a plane would leave here early in the morning, and another about noon. Planes also would be arriv ing here on a similar schedule, he said. Reporting that his company has arranged for the purchase of 12 DC3, 21-passenger planes, Davis said, “we’re anxious to get into operation rapidly.” The company, recently given a certificate by the Civil Aeronautics board to operate a “feeder” route from Cincinnati-Louisville to Wil mington, plans to serve a number Of cities along the route, among them Asheville, Charlotte, South ern Pines, Pinhurst and Fayette ville. Plans call for two flights daily in each direction, Davis said The Piedmont company also was granted three other routes: Cin cinnati-Louisville to New Bern via Bristol, Winston-Salem, Greens boro and Durham,Raleigh; Cin cinnati to Norfolk, Va., via Hun tington, Charleston, Beckley, Blue field, W. Va., and Roanoke. Lynch burg and Portsmouth, Va.; and Roanoke to Wilmington via Dan ville, Durham and Fayetteville. CHERRY COMMUTES DEATH PENALTIES Four Robeson Negroes, Convicted Of C r i m i n a 1 Assault, Get Life Terms RALEIGH, May 2 —(TP)—Four Negroes who were tried and con victed Robeson County Superi or court March 17, 1946 on charges of the criminal assault of a white woman in Lumberton to day had their death sentences commuted to life imprisonment by Governor Cherry. The case involving Calvin Cov ington, Granger Thompson, Stacy Powell and Cliff Inman was car ried to the State Supreme court which upheld the sentence of the original trial judge, J. Clawson Williams of Sanford. However, a motion for a new trial was made in the superior court on the grounds of newly dis covered evidence which had not been produced at the original trial. Judge Walter J. Bone of Nash ville, presiding over the court at the time of the motion for re - trial, denied the motion on the grounds that there was not suffi cient evidence for a new trial. Governor Cherry said today that Judge Bone, however, did write him a letter in which he ex pressed the opinion that “the death penalty is too severe in this case.” The governor said that he nad received a letter from Judge Wil liams who had been apprised of the disclosures made at the hear ihg for a new trial and that he would not oppose a commutation of the death sentence to life im prisonment_ I Along The Cape Fear NEWS ALONG the Cape Fear is presenting our readers with a continuation of the Wilmington landmark story by C. C. Chad bourn. * * * OCCUPANCY — Dr. Anderson's son, Edward, was an Admiral in the U. S. Navy and one of his daughters married Major T. H. McKoy, an officer in the Con federate Army. Major McKoy and his wife lived in the home many years after the end of the war. i* * it CORNELIUS HARNETT—Only a few years ago the residence of a Colonel and Revolutionary War patriot, Cornelius Harnett, was ruthlessly razed, ostensibly for the sake of the few. paltry brick that could be salvaged. This old colonial home was on a bluff overlooking the present North east bridge. The bricks that con structed the home were imported from England. * * * IMPORTANT PATRIOT—Corne lius Harnett was an important and nationally known patriot in cur ear ly history. He gave librally of his money, his time, ana his talent to the muse he loved. K would be a salutary lesson to many of our present day citizens if more were known about this self sacrificing hero of the crucial days of the Revolution. VANDALISTIC — Equally van dalistic with the destruction of revered old land-marks is the cut ting down of trees. Several times in the history of Wilmington there has been a tend ency, supposeingly in the interest of progress to cut down magnifi cant trees, landmarks of natural growths which is one of the out standing attractions of the city. Many of the trees that were de stroyed were beautiful oaks, well over one year old. mis means that it would take over one hundred years to replace them. Those of us who love trees and believe that they add to the beauty, and we might add, the wealth and prosperity of the city, cannot wait 100 years. So it is earnestly hoped that the city will in the future look for progress in some other direction than wanton destruction of trees, keeping in mind that "Only God can make a tree.” __ RED CROSS WORKERS—Miss Martha McCaig, standing, spoke at the annual meeting yesterday of the Wilmington chapter of the American Red Cross on her experiences while serving with the group in Rome, Italy during World War II. Seated are Thomas R. Orrell who was yesterday re-elected chairman of the local chapter, and Mrs. G. Warren Barrett, re-elected secretary. (STAFF PHOTO). Orrel Renamed Red Cross Chairman At Annual Meet “CAKE EATER” CAPETOWN, South African, May 2. —(/P)— Stanley Brown of San Francisco, Calif., lost a $20 bet last night because he could eat only 26 and one-quart er pounds ot cake at a sitting. Brown fancied some two and one-half pound cakes he saw in a Capetown hotel and exclaim ed, “Boy, I could eat a dozen of those.” The hotel manager heard the boast, proposed the bet and pocketed his winnings when Brown threw in the sponge after eating 10 and one-half csikes. REYNOLDS STRIKE MEETING STYMIED Federal, State Conciliators Fail To Arrange Basis For Parleys WINSTON-SALEM, May 2—OP) —Efforts of federal and state con ciliotors to arrange a basis for a joint conference of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco company and the United Tobacco Workers (CIO) now on strike against the firm, appeared tonight to have failed. It was reported that the concil iators conferred separately this morning with company and union officials. However, a company spokesman said no plans for fur ther negotiations have been made at the present time. D. Yates Heafner. Charlotte, a representative of the U. S. Depart ment of Labor conciliation ser vice, and Frank Crane, Raleigh, of the State Department of Labor, checked out of a local hotel this afternoon. They are expected to return Monday. Negotiating committees of the company and the union have not met since shortly after midnight Wednesday, the deadline for the strike. Conferences continued until midnight. Police Chief John M. Gold, com (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) SPEAKER JOE MARTIN PREDICTS MAJORITY FOR GREEK AID BILL WASHINGTON, May 2 — (-T*)— Speaker Martin (R-Mass) predict ed today that the administration’s $400,000,000 Greek-Turkish aid bill will pass through the House by a “substantial majority.” Martin expressed ms opinion to newsmen after Republican lead ers decided to open debate on the Bill Monday. The Senate already has passed a similar measure. The Rules c mmittee after get ting in a snarl on the measure at a morning session finally cleared it for House action. The group ordered nine hours of general de bate, and decided on procedure to allow any type of amendments. Chairman Leo Allen (R-Ill) said action on the bill was not unan imous. _ Organization’s Work In Italy Described To Group By Wilmington Girl Thomas R. Orrell was yester day afternoon relected as chair man of the Wilmington chapter of the American Red Cross during the annual meeting of the board of directors of that group. Other officers and members of the board of directors for the coming year were also named at the meet. Miss Martha McCaig, Wilming ton girl who spent two years with the Red Cross in Rome, Italy dur ing World War II, told the group something of her experiences dur ing that time. Officers elected were: E. A. Laney, vice-chairman; L. D. Lat ta, treasurer; John Knox Ward , assistant treasurer; and Mrs. G. Warren Barrett, secretary. Mrs. J. Henry Gerdes was nam ed as chairman of the Junior Red Cross; Mrs. N. L. Foy, chairman of volunteer service; H. Edmond Rodgers, chairman of home serv ice; Gardner Greer, chairman of disaster, preparation^ and relief committee; and J. H. Carswell (Continued on Page; Two Col. 6) EXCHANGE CLUB PROPOSES GAME Benefit Football Game To Be Played Here This Fall An open forum discussion of the proposed state exchange club sponsorship of a benefit football game to be played in Wilmington at the close of the season this fall highlighted a meeting of that club yesterday. It is planned that the exchange club will sponsor a football game between the East and West chairman, the discussion was en ceeds being earmarked for aid to crippled children. Led by Leo Sykes, program chairman, the discussion was ne tered into by many members, in cluding Clayton Holmes, R. Stewart, Warren Sanders, Frank Harris, E. R. Wilson, J. B. Edwards, and J. L. Alligood. A substantial amount of the necessary funds for promoting the contest was subscribed at the meeting yesterday. The balance will be subscribed by Exchanges through Sykes. The exchange club members also went on record yesterday “unanimously endorsing the move ment to request the City Council, the c'ty manager and others in authority, in the complete resto-l ration and maintenance of Thali an Hall to a condition of safety and beauty .... as the club feels it would maintain the historic valut and cultural life of the city of Wilmington.” E. R. Wilson, second vice-presi dent, presided at the meeting in the absence of J. M. Snow, presi dent. ___, MacArthur Gives Back Rising Sun To People TOKYO, May 2 — (/P) —General MacArthur today restored the ris ing Sun flag to the Japanese peo ple as a symbolic gift accompany ing the new anti-war constitution. The document will be inaugurated Saturday with elaborate cere - monies starting a 30-day celebra tion. / Emperor Hirohito, appearing for the first time as a mere spec tator, will attend a formal pro - gram at the Imperial plaza. The emperor will neither speak to the thousands in attendance nor issue an imperial rescript such as Jap ... . . a V ! V anese rulers always have done on major occasions. MacArthur, as supreme com mander of the occupation, restor ed the national flag in a letter to Premier Shigeru Hosida. He said it could be flown without re striction over the Imperial palace, the prime minister’s residence, the national Diet buddings and the supreme court, representing the three branches of the govern ment. Since the surrender, the flag has been displayed only on a few holidays and in certain restricted (Continued on Page; Two Col. t) Cherry Asks Quick Peace Executive Will Insist On Resumption Of Normal Service After Monday RALEIGH, May 2—(/P)—Gover nor Cherry today told representa tives of the Southern Bell Tele phone and Telegraph co. and the striking Southern Federation of Telephone workers that if the cur rent strike is not ended by Monday, May 5, that he will insist that nor mal service be resumed first by present employes. Should the present employes re fuse to return to their posts, tha governor said that he will ,rge the telephone company to em ploy additional workers. The governor made his position known, he said, in presenting copies of a letter to Edwin A. Cle ment of Raleigh, district manager of the Southern Bell, and to Owen C. Lee of Raleigh, state director of the Southern Federation of Tele phone workers. Speaking at a press conference this afternoon, the governor made it clear that he was acting as governor of North Carolina and not as chairman of the Southern Gov ernors conference. His action was for this state only, he said. Asked if he was using any emer gency powers and on what authori ty he wrote his letter, the gover nor replied, "I am not using any emergency powers. I am taking this course of action because I just happen to be governor at this time.” The state of North Carolina, un like the commonwealth of Virginia which recently adopted strike legislation, has no law which would permit the state to seize strike-bound utilities. Governor Cherry did not indicate what action that he would take if the telephone company and its striking employes did not comply with his request. However, sources close to the governor indicated tonight that (Continued on Page Two; Col. *) ALEMAN APPROVES ROOSEVELT WORDS President Of Mexico Guest Of Pan American Society) Warmly Greeted NEW YORIC May 2. _ m _ President Miguel Aleman of Mex ico delared tonight his country welcomed American capital “will ing to observe its laws and be satisfied with a fair profit.” Addressing a dinner by the Pan American society honoring h i m, Aleman recalled approvingly the following words spoken by Former President Franklin D. Roosevelt at Monterrey, Mexico in 1943. “We know that the days of the exploitation of the resources and the people of one country for the benefit of any group in another country are definitely over.” The Mexican chief executive, who spoke in Spanish, then remarked that “American capital that really means to share in the life of Mexico that is willing to observe its laws anc ne satisfied with a fair profit, without selfish greed or the illusion of becoming a law unto itself, shall be welcome to Mexico and will derive all the advantages that American citizens who are cooperating with us in the economic development of my country are actuaily enjoying.” Gets Big Welcome In a crowded day before the dinner, New York gave Aleman one of its old-fashioned welcomes with all the trimmings, offering the smiling visitor a Broadway parade, honorary citizenship and a Columbia university honorary degree. It was the firs: visit of a Mexi can president to the metropolis. Only the weather frowned on the day’s activities. Low - hanging clouds hid Manhattan’s sky scraper lowers and light rain fell most of the day but police esti mated 1,500,000 persons thronged flag-draped streets of the financial district to see the Mexican presi dent. Police said another million watched the parade in other parts of the city. Aleman rode bare-headed in President Truman’s own car for (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) And So To Bed The local YMCA seems to be full of humerous incidents. As a staff member of the Star walked in the YMCA yes terday he noticed a gentleman hanging over the desk and talk ing on the telephone. Nothing seemed unusual at first, but later we noticed that the man was talking in the mouthpiece and had the receiver shoved against the lower part of his heart. Alter deciding that the man was far-hearing like far-sight ness, the desk clerk told U that it was only a hearing all in his pocket.