Newspaper Page Text
Wonting Star Korth Carolina a Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sun. ay By The Wilmington Star-News **-'-> " R. B. Page, Publisher _ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 *'■ Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Unoer Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. __ I,"' sUBSCRIPTiorTRATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi --•Time Star News nation 1 Week .. $ .30 $ 25 $ 50 1 Month .. 1.30 1.10 2.1a ?3 Months _ 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months _ 1 80 6.50 13.00 '1 Year _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) ' SINGLE COPY Wilmington News ----- Morning Star ..■—.----- - 5c Sunday Star-News - --- 10c By ivtsil: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months $ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months -- 5.00 4 00 7 70 1 Year . ~ . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) S Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7,40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. 0. money order The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS the use for republication of all the local news The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches,__ ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1947. Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored In proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy tndustry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. — Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina's farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City’s In - dustria.1 Agency to attract more in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. T>e\elopment of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING Happiness is a butterfly, which, when pursued, is always just beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you. Greatest Victims The United Press reports telephone strikers lost $55,440,000 in wages up to Monday. If they secured an average increase of $4 a day, the 330,000 idle workers involved, on a six-day week basis, would have to work more than six weeks to make up this loss. In addition to this, the suspension of wages has caused suffering in the “ strikers’ households. Any interruption ^of purchasing power where necessities ~x>f life are concerned is serious. The thirty-day interruption cited by the United Press is all but catastrophic in thousands of homes. It has long been pointed out the greatest victims of strikes are the workers engaged in them. How soon, we wonder, will the rank and file of "labor unions learn this? Wilmington Flower Show The Garden Club, its participating members and professional florists, held a beautiful Flower Show at the Recrea tion Center and cannot be commended too highly for reviving this annual project which before the war was one of Wilmington’s most artistic events. Nor is the City government to be over looked in passing out bouquets. Its con tribution in service and equipment play ed an important part in its success. To any persons who were not fami liar with the city’s floral resources the exhibits were, as we say, an eye opener. One effect of a visit is bound "to be encouragement for old residents I and new to expand or start home gar I dens. I One exhibit not scheduled attracted ; especial attention on the opening night I and for a time drew even more obser I vers than the flowers. In one of the I niches at the rear of the main exhibi l tion hall was a hat trimmed in living ; flowers. A sharp eyed spectator first l noticed and spread the news that a '“'■wee spider had woven a net above the hat and was either snoozing or watch ing for a fly in the center. It was like a veil, if one’s imagination was lively, and not even the thing Burns versified about, as perched on the “tipmost tap” -of a lady’s bonnet created a greater sensation in the poetical world than this spider did at the show. For a time the side show topped the big tent. It is due to the Garden Club and its excellent effort to say that Wilming ton will be looking forward to next year’s Flower Show, content in the knowledge that as the project continues the displays will be even lovelier than at the one just held. They Are Only Children Judge J. H. Ferguson of Juvenile Court, in his address before the Ki wanis Club yesterday, spoke repeated ly of the youngsters brought before him as children. They are children, the oldest not more than sixteen, but too often the public, in considering juvenile delin quency, overlooks this fact. Rather, it is the rule, not the exception, to think of a juvenile delinquent as some strange thing without a place in organized so ciety and community life, fit only for confinement. Judge Ferguson deserves a vote of thanks for reminding us in general that delinquents are, in mental processes as well as age, only children. As such they are malleable, capable of being molded into the shape of their environ ment and, most of all, by the habits of their companions and parents. It is im possible to overemphasize this. As a rule they are delinquent not because of inherent evil, save only that all chil dren are by nature mischieevous and take to actual wrong-doing only when they have thei rown unbridled way. It is a short step from mischief to crime. This is where the parental influence so often is wrong. This is where the child errs because the parents are either separated or practice bad habits in the home, setting the -worst of examples for their offspring. When Judge Ferguson noted that the percentage Of adults hailed into Re corder’s Court far exceeds the percent age of children in Juvenile Court, he rang the bell for a Court of Domestic Relations where family differences for the most part may be settled and erring fathers and mothers may be en couraged to accept the full measure of their responsibility toward their children. The creation of a Court of Domes tic Relations, an election for which was authorized by the recent legislature, ought to be carried out with all speed in the interest of community welfare and the benefit of the children of Wil mington who deserve the best of rear ing under the parental roof. Tuberculosis Unconquered Despite advances made during the last quarter century in the fight against tuberculosis, some victim dies every ten minute “around the clock,” said Dr Henry Stuart Willis, director of North Carolina Sanatorium, in his enlighten-; ing talk before the New Hanover Coun ty Tuberculosis and Health Association on the occasion of the Association’s annual meeting. We had come to think that tuber culosis had been all but conquered, and; it is a fact that it has fallen from first to seventh place among diseases caus ing death, but Doctor Willis told his hearers that its toll still tops all other infectious diseases between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five. Clearly, the war on the Great White Plague is only in the skirmish phase, not the concluding battle. We may well be thankful that progress has been notable, particularly since the discov ery of streptomicin, but there is still a great deal of technological and laboratory research to be done before we can bring the battle to the victory stake. Doctor Willis noted that as treat ment now is conducted, “We do the best we can for a patient, and when we have cured him, send him back very often to the same environment and conditions that broke him down in the first place.” The answer, of course, is to re-train the patient for work which is possible for him to perform without causing relapse. Rehabilitation obviously is as greatly needed for tuberculosis con valescents as for the displaced peoples of Europe. Here is information which probably has not been adequately pondered in the past. At least it has not led to con certed corrective effort. Surely, be cause the disease is a major enemy of mankind, the time is ripe to expand the campaign against it widely enough to include necessary change of environ ment for recovering patients as well as providing necessary hospitalization for victims. North Carolina lacks at least one thousand beds for tuberculosis patients. New Hanover County cannot make too much speed in creating its sanatorium which was authorized in a recent elec tion. . Si As Pegler Sees It BY WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1947, hy King Features Syndicate, Inc.) Railroad wrecks are now routine news whereas, before the war, the companies were able to boast, and did, of railroad safety by comparison with the hazards of aviation. Ob viously. the railroad men have lost control and some committee of poor old Congress must now intervene to find out what really is wrong. To the layman at the crossing one danger ous condition is visible to the naked eye in the dilapidation of creaking, sagging, over worked old freight rigs. They groan past, their sides distended, their doors sagging, the wheels groaning on the axles, deck-loads of ties and lumber secured by flimsy scant lings held by nails and superstition, and as likely to spill into the path of a fast passenger train as to arrive where they are supposed to go. Railroads actually boast of the venerable age of frail old men who certainly can’t be irreplaceable and, in good sense, ought to be turned out to grass if only to encourage alert young fellows to stay in the railroad business. In two bad wrecks in the last year the engineers were 70. surely too old to make quick decisions at high speeds and not strong enough anyway to stand the strain. Ties are rotting, spikes are loose anl bat tered rails are tired and crumbling. In spection and good maintenance ought to spot this decay, but instead they give way and reveal their decrepitude only in mournful but more and more perfunctory accounts of new disasters. This condition hasn’t existed since the ex perimental days at high speed, and even the bloody smashups of the match-box pas senger cars which aroused a campaign for steel construction were less frequent. than the current wrecks, though they were more brutal in their sacrifice of life. The railroad men and the passengers and crews are victims of a stubborn and stupid determination to run trains faster than they would go if the managers obeyed their in telligence and didn’t feel bound to out-speed one another and compete with aviation. Im mediately after the war, and with their new equipment only “on order,” they cut many hours off the schedules of fast passenger trains on long hauls, knowing that their cars were decrepit jalopies that ought to be gentled, not abused, and knowing that their track maintenance was never worse. This was a time to be honest and explain that, in the interests of safety, they would take more time, not less, and to apologize for sloppy, badly used coaches and sleepers in stead of talking dream-stuff about saloon life, nurseries for the small fry; movies, and even dancing aboard railroad trains. The pas senger who is going somewhere has no right to tnese silly affectations. If he can’t spend one day or night or two or three* in a row without access to a night club or a juke tavern, if the parents can’t put up with their own brats and keep them reasonably quiet and out of other people’s spare, let them stay where they are. The steamship companies probably were respon sible for ail this with their absurd catering to the fastidious tastes of ordinary people who were accustomed to no luxury at home but. once aboard, were ’taught to regard them selves as royalty and too precious and lan guid to even stagger to the bar for their own drinks. The last trains have exaggerated import ance anyway. They are loss-leaders in many cases, run for a meaningless prestige at the expense of the passengers on the lesser trains. I never could really understand why, because I was riding on a big, prestige train, called a limited, a flyer or. now, I expect sny day. a jet. 1 should be allowed to pass George Spelvin, American, waiting there on a siding for my royal highness. Because he is going only 100 miles, say, and I am going 1.000, Mr. Spelvin has to creep and crawl and put up with grit and indifference. By doing that to the short-haul trade, by making Lhem feel that they are basket-lunch and rpple-taffy business, the railroads have created a class-consciousness among the bulk of their passengers and made them sore, when every railroad man ought to know that the last :hing he reeds is more enemies. Let us not argue the question of the light and heavy cars. Some light cars have held together in wrecks and the builders have lopped into print, even planting the.r paltry publicity with the press associations, to boast that their crales didn't come apart. They weien’t so boastful though when one of them ,vas bent into U-shape in a bad smash in Illinois last year, and the railroad mentality that thinks it is good publicity to boast about any phase of a wreck just .shows how com monplace wrecks have become to the indus try. The public isn’t interested in reas sembling the dead and prying out the dying Erom light cars or heavy, and the first ousiness of tl'.e railroad program should be to keep the cars on the tracks. The pas senger who gets there safe and even hours latei in an old-style, heavy Pullman still ias an edge over the one who was rolled 3own a gorge into a river in a stainless steel sonftetion with stripes on the outside. Some railroad men argue, and they have convinced many laymen, that speed has nothing to do with any of these accidents. Fhat, of course, further impairs confidence in them because anyone knows that it takes more lime and space to bring a train under pontrol and a quicker decision to meet an emergency at 100 miles an hour than at 60. Anyone knows that the strain on the men up front, the cars and the rails is less at a moderate rate than at the crazy speeds the railroads reach trying to keep up with pne another and compete with planes that go 400 miles an hour. So excessive speed certainly is a factor, when the cars and many of the men are old and worn. Editorial Comment FEAR BUT NOT TOO MUCH If it be true that this old world is headed straight, to the bowwows, it cannot be said hat we were not \rarned. Our current litera ;ure simply reeks with warnings. How often, o’er and o’er again, have we read (and sometimes written) lengthy jere miads, to be summed up thuslv: “If men were mice, atomic energy would open the door to a great, wonderful, development ol things that are good. But since man is naughty, he wili surely wind up by blowing himself to simtherens, and probably also this terrestial ball in the process.” Strife between labor and capital, the apprehension of old age over the follies of youth (which probably goes back to the Stone Age)—these and num erous other shortcomings are dwelt upon with a sort of morbid fascination. This sort of thing can be overdone. It cou!d engender a fear complex, a defeatist attitude toward the whole scheme of things that may not be quite warranted by facts. Telling a boy how bad he is has been known to make him wopse. Yet it is well for him to know that the new pistol in his hand is no toy. but the real thing—and loaded and cocked!—Chi cago Times. FINDING THE MONEY The General Assembly of South Carolina is facing the same problem which bothers so many individuals. The General Assembly finds no trouble in spending money in the form of appropriations but finding the money to pay for the spend ing is not so easy. And there is solid old truth about the busi ness: “It is easy to cut shoe strings off the other man’s leather.”—Greenwood (8. C ) In | dex-Journal. ^ | “HORNS OF A DILEMMA” The Book Of Knowledge (Department: — THE WORLD) AFRICA: A LAND OF BEAUTY AND DESOLATION Africa is the second largest con tinent (Asia is larger). Africa has an area of about 11,500.000 square miles (this includes islands tnat lie off the continent). It extends 5.000 miles from north to south, and 4,000 miles from east to wes4 The coast of Africa is almost unbroken on every side, with few peninsulas and promontories ann gulfs and bays. The coastline is only 16,000 miles long. This is real ly an amazingly low figure, when we realize that the coastline of Europe is about three times as j long, though Europe is only a third as large as Africa. There are comparatively few is- j lands off the African coast. The1 only large one is Madagascar, j vhioh has an area of about 241,-; 000 square miles. It lies off the j eastern coast, separated from the mainland by the broad Mozam bique Channel. Oi the other is- j lands, the best known are the Ca naries, the Madeira Islands and the Cape Verde Islands, in the I North Atlantic; Fernando Po and| Sao Tome (St. Thomas), in the Gulf of Guinea; St. Helena 'fa- | mous as the place of exile ol Na-, poleon), in the South Atlantic; Zanzibar. Seychelles, Mauritius and Reunion, in the Indian Ocean Much of Africa is a vast pla teau of tableland, which generally rises not far from the ocean. This plateau rises very abruptly along the northwestern coast, in the Mediterranean lands of Morocco. Algeria, and Tunisia. Here the tableland is quite irregular, heav ing itself upward to form the lofty range of the Atlas Mountains and THE SAHARA is the greatest desert in the world, with a total : area of over 3,000,000 sqrare miles. Bnt it is not a vast sandy waste; | it has hills and even mountains, with habitable valleys watered by streams that lose themselves in the endless reaches of sand. sinking in areas to form fertile valleys. South of the coastal strip lies the mighty Sahara Desert, which extends from the Atlantic, in the west, to the valley of the Nile, in the east. East of the Nile, the desert reappears. It is known as the Arabian Desert to the north; farther south, where the Nile makes a great bend, it is knojvn as the Nubian Desert. South of the Sahara, there is a broad belt of country known as the savanna (or savannah), where the grass is high and tree* grow in scattered groups rather than in forests. The savanna forms the Lilenthal’s Atomic Program By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON.—Making a first public statement since his Senate confirmation to the chairmanship of the Atomic Energy Commis sion, David E. Lilienthal told a closing Washington meeting of the American S o ciety of Newspapei Editors that the U. S. had lost its momentum in the development of atomic energy. “The U. S. is not as well off atomically, as we were 20 months ago when the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima,” said Lilienthal. Declaring that "we have lost time —much of it unavoidable,” Lilien tha’ asked, “Are we to maintain and increase the headstart we had on the world or fall behind? Will we fool around and politic around or are we to press forward in the vigorous tradition of a pioneer na tion?” Answering these questions, Li lienthal's speech was in many ways a reassurance to his critics and detractors, who for over three months fought his nomination for the Atomic Energy Commission chairmanship. He pledged that the development of atomic energy would remain a government se cret. At the same time he indi cated a program of fullest pos sible development, shared by the government and private enter prise. Dramatizing h i s opening re marks, Lilienthal held up a little vial of uranium which he said weighed two and a half pounds, Five years ago, he said, no one had ever seen that much of the black metal. Not because it was rare. Just because it was unim portant. Now it was the most im portant material in world councils. The energy in the fission of the three million billion billion—3,000, 000,030,000,000.000,000.000 — atoms in the sample he held up would, said Lilienthal, equal the energy of 2500 tons of coal. That would run the whole city of Washington for a day. This uncovers new concepts of the universe, said .Lilienthal, bringing into being n,ew skills, new ideas. The first problem, he said, was to sense that a prb - found change had taken place in the world. He then outlined three “drastic steps” by which the A tomic Energy Commission pro - posed to meet these changed con, ditions and regain the U. S. mar gin of lost advantage in atcmle age progress. 1. A major effort—carried for ward jointly by American science, industry, the armed forces and government — to make the U. S. the greatest bulwark of freedom in the whole world. “A strong a tomic energy industry can be as important to the United States as a strong steel, auto, or chemical industry.” Lilienthal asserted. 2. A great and sustained pro gram of atomic energy education “at the grass roots of every com munity in the land." Lilienthal disclaimed that it was the govern ment’s responsibility to carry out thn- program. Indirectly he tossed this problem to the press, the schools, and similar media of in ton .lion. Contrary to general be lief Lilienthal declared that an understanding of the issues in volved is not over the heads of mos people. ? iopment oi an under - sts oi U. S. policy for in 1 control for atomic en ergy, ati embodied in the Baruch plan, The American people on their own don’t develop interna - tional action which will remove the threat of atomic warfare, Li lienthal maintained. “But it is not fantastic to be lieve,” he said, “that the t5me will come when in spite of iron cur tains and political censorship, tre peoples of the whole world will realize that there is no security for anyone unless international a greements safeguard the whole world against the misuses of a torr.ic energy.” Relative to the possible misuses of atomic energy, Lilienthal point ed out that atomic energy re search and development, whether for peace or for war, is virtually an identical process. Only in the very final stages is there a dif ference between destructive and peaceful uses. The atomic bombs produced thus far represent a crude beginning compared with what future research and develop ment might produce. “This may seem grim,” said tne chairman, .“but what 1 am talking about are facts and pos sibilities of this world, whether they appear grim or pleasant.” He declared that the present knowledge of atomic energy rep resented the barest beginnings. “Everything lies ahead.” he said. “It should be a measure of our success that we strive to scquirs new and better ways that will rrake today’* plants obsolete.” northern boundary of a belt- of great forests, known as the equa torial forests, that lie to the north and east of the Gulf of Guinea. South of the forests and across the savanna, which runs around the eastern and southern sides of the forest, lies another vast desert aiea known as the Kalahari. In a later article we shall learn about Africa's lakes and rivers. (COPYRIGHT. 1946. BY THE GROLVfR SOCIETY INC., based upon THE BOOK OF KNOWL EDGE) (DISTRIBUTED BY UNITED FEATURE SYNDICATE. INC.) Tomorrow: — Trip Through the Panama Canal. Star Dust One Woman's Opinion A certain Boston banker, a widower, is looking about for an other wife. He has a bright twelve year-old daughter, and naturally would like very much to find a mate who would win not only his own heart but the heart of his lit tle girl as well. . Recently the banker became enamored of a certain well-known actress playing in a local theatre. With middli-aged heart palpitating with love for her, he arranged to have the actress visit his home and meet his little daughter. On the appointed day the actress ap peared polished and over-dressed within an inch of her life. To the banker’s daughter she was sweet ness and light personified. The child was obviously impres sed. The banker returned his lady love to her hotel, and hastened / he Doctor Says— COFFEE AND TEA BAD FOR YOUNG BY WILLIAM A. O BRIEN, M Tea, coffee, cocoa apH annks may be used inrp ion by most adults without' H it is suspected that thY rrri' causing trouble, thev ' are stopped for a time b* effect noted. a if| the These drinks depend caffeine, theo-bromine chemicals for their c'[Cl ■ nsry cup of tea or coffee about a gram and a half ns feine which is the ev*n° which might be prescr^r", ■ physician. " ' °> a Coffee and tea without and cream have no f0§0r This is one of the be * 'ai;:e why children should not use th°‘’S since they have a tendency n^ place milk in the diet Msn ' dren are excessively V^ ,chl1' by caffeine-contain in-- ‘beverate(1 as under normal condition reflex irritability js high T,1 to sleep, restlessness, "and f* ment in children and you^' sons may be caused bv 0;P amounts of caffeine. The coffee hour in the mo-'„ and afternoon is a habit ,n tain communities. During the i.' employes who were not Vn ' fond of coffee or something ta (1 at 10 and 4 volunteered to! termine whether the rest cr ft stimulating beverage resulted ,! the pick up. They "sat out' th coffee hour, while the others hZ their coffee. Work records of'ft. two groups indicated that H .' the rest period which was th. most helpful. Although medical opinion hold. that the use of caffeine-containins beverages in moderate amounts ji not injurious to normal adults there is no special health rea<m for using them as they have "no real food value. McKENNEY On Bridge By WILLIAM E. MeKENNEI America’s Card Authority AQ984 y 108 3 ♦ A J 4 * J92 A None A J 10 63 y A K J 9 y Q 7 6 2 ♦ 10 6 ♦ 9 8 7 3 2 A A 8 7 4 *653 A A K 7 a 2 y 54 ♦ K Q 5 * K Q 10 Tournament—E-W vul. South West North East 1 A 2 y 2 A Pass 4 A Pass Pass Pass Opening—y K 8 Written for NEA Service In a discussion of safety play* today’s hand came up, and it I were a betting man 1 believe I would have lost my shirt on this one. I have written up this par ticular safety play many times and thought that it was fairly well known, but Harry J. Fishbein and Peter Leventritt were willing to bet me that 80 to 90 per cent ol tire pairs in any average duplicate game would miss the piay. West wins the first two rounds of hearts and continues with me third heart, which declarer trumps. Now if declarer makes the mis take of laying down the ace o! trumps, West shows out and South has to lose a spake trick. When -holding five to the ate king opposite four to the queen, or any similar combination such as five to the ace-queen opposite four to the king, the only chance of losing b trick is when one op ponent holds all four missing trumps. If West holds the four trumps, there is no way to keep him from making at least one spade trick. Therefore declarer’s only pro- | tection is to guard against lour in the East hand, and he must lead a small spade to the single honor in dummy. If both opponents f°h low, there is no problem. When West shows out, declarer leads the nine of spades from dummy, Fa51 covers with the ten and South wins with the king. He goes over to dummy with a diamond and come, through the spades again. Declarer must not forget 0 knock out the ace of clubs befo.* picking up the last trump, jus -•■ case East has four hearts, or West has the ace of clubs. __ home for his daughter's vced-C.. The child was still under tn» spell of the departed gues' -Well,' dear,” he eagerly in quired, ‘‘what do you tlui.r. o , Miss LaFlore?” “Oh. papa,” was the entr. ^si tic rejoinder, “isn't she eT* sive!” ___ WHY WE SAY by STAN J COUINS t L J SLAWSON . -----1 'STOGIES [Those long hlack cigars known as sto gies were first made by George Bla* ^ _ of Washington, Pa. They were design* <1 ^ to meet the needs of the Conestoga wagon drivers who drove from V1" * i ing to Pittsburgh over the old National Pike. Stogie was derived from Con*' toga.