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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 28, 1947, Image 4

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HUnting #iar
Horth Carolina a Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page, Publisher
Telephone Ail Depi tments 2-3311
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ol March 3, 1879
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the use for republication of all the local newt
printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP
news dispatches. __
WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1948
Star Program
State ports with Wilmington favored
In proportion with Its resources, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair facilities, near
by sites for heavy tndustry and 35-foot
Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium largs enough to meet
needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agricultural and industrial re
sources through better markets and food
processing, pulp wood production and
factories.
Emphasis on the region’s recreation
advantages and improvement of resort
accommodations.
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina’s farm-to-market and primary
roads, with a paved highway from Top
sail Inlet to Bald Head Island.
Continued effort through the City’s In
dustrial Agency to attract more in
dustries.
Proper utilisation of Bluetbenthal nir
port for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina's health facilities, especially In
counties lacking hospitals, and includ
ing a Negro Health center
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation of City and County
governments.
GOOD MORNING
Popular opinion is the greatest lie in the
.Worjd.—Carlyle.
Tax Maelstrom
High finance in government is fly
ing too high for most people to see
what’s ahead. The difficulty is that
most people can’t understand how it will
be possible to cut income taxes, desir
able as this would be, and at the same
time carry out the administration’s pro
gram of loans and credits to needy na
tions as a means of stemming the ris
ing tide of communism.
Most people have the impression that
the administration’s program of aid
will far exceed the proposed reduction
in income taxes. If this belief is cor
rect, and income taxes are cut as pro
posed, the inevitable result would be
an increase in the national debt, which
is already staggering.
The Senate votes to proceed with
a tax reduction bill, to become effec
tive next July 1. The House bad pre
viously voted tax reductions to be ret
roactive to last January 1. Meanwhile
proposals are heard to reduce Presi
dent Truman’s budget estimates by
four to six billion dollars. And the
administration, starting with the loans
to Greece and Turkey, indicates that
Other and greater loans will be asked.
As matters now stand, with an
economy wave rising on the one hand
and a wave of lavish foreign assistance
on the other, most people are caught
in a maelstrom of confusion and can
not be blamed if they fail to see how
they can escape submersion.
For, if taxes are slashed and ex
penditures increased, eventually they
will have to pay through the nose,
whatever temporary relief they are
given.
Arming Neighbors Risky
No man is to be condemned out of
hand for holding high ideals. But, the
world being what it is, and mankind
prone to selfishness, high ideals too
often clash with realities and for the
most part the realities prevail.
President Truman envisions an ideal
state .t affairs when he pictures the
American republics and Canada in com
plete and lasting accord, armed to de
fend themselves and each other in any
emergency. So he would standardize
guns and munitions among all Western
Hemisphere countries and go the limit
in supplying their wants.
It would be an ideal arrangement
If it could be carried out, so far as
inter-American harmony if concerned.
But it cannot be accepted without first
considering the stark reality of inter
American discord.
What might happen if another world
bandit of the Hitler type started an
other war of conquest with the United
States scheduled chief victim and, say,
Argentina his Western Hemisphere
ally?
Guns and ammunition provided by
the United States could so easily be
trained on American targets, just as
American petroleum and scrap iron im
plemented the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor, the Philippines and in the
southwest Pacific.
President Truman considers the
United Nations could prevent misuse:
of the proposed war equipment but
human nature being what it is there
is always a risk in placing a gun in
most men’s hands. There are constant
disputes among Latin American gov
ernments. Armed to the teeth as they
would be under the President’s plan,
it is quite likely that old or new causes
for a scrap would eventuate. And how
:ould the proposal be made to conform
with the growing sentiment for general
disarmament, provided Russia swings
into line on universal control of atomic
energy?
. An Anomalous Situation .!
A self-rising question in the minds
of most graduates when diplomas are
being handed out is: “Where do we go
from here?”
The young people whose further ed
ucation has been arranged for, upon
graduation from high school, accept
the program laid out by careful parents
usually without question. But for many
boys and girls whose prospects are not
so rosy, the question presents a serious
problem.
They must find jobs, as best they
can, preferably where their aptitude or
skill will offer the best chance of pre
ferment and advancement. But this is
not always possible. Time for looking
around is offset frequently by neces
sity to find gainful employment where
ever it is available, if only on a tem-1
porary basis.
Where, then, will the boys and girls
whose future is a blank page go when
they leave the high school tomorrow?
That will depend on how well they have
learned to apply their education, as far
as it has gone, to the practical problems
of life.
It is a trite saying but true that peo
ple get out of life only as much as they
put into it. By the same token high
school graduates will get out of their
studies only as much as they have put
into them.
If they have learned that applica
tion to a task, even the task of study
ing a lesson, is the wray to master the 1
task, they will carry that asset with
them into the business world, and have
made the first step toward business
success.
If they have learned the value of
concentration, they will find this rare
attribute of inestimable worth when
they get a job.
If, too, they have taken to heart the
instruction they have received in good
citizenship and fair play and put into
practice what has thus far been hardly
more than a theory of conduct, they
will have laid the foundation for a high
ly esteemed position among their as
sociates.
racing the future is indeed a serious
affair for the young people just emerg
ing -from class rooms, not to return.
Much of its seriousness will be over
come if they have the hardihood to
carry on for themselves, as individuals,
in the pattern of their schooling.
Unnecessary Embarrassment
The British have one attribute ac
credited to the elephant. They never
forget. This is illustrated by the snub >
of the Duchess of Windsor on the oc
casion of Dowager Queen Mary’s
eightieth birthday celebration. The
Duchess was the only member of the
royal family not invited to the birth
day luncheon. The Duke did not at
tend either, but he could have been
there.
The British are great sticklers for
precedent—greater even than a judge.
So when King Edward abdicated the
throne rather than give up his lady
love, to whom the government objected
not. so much because she was Ameri
can-born as because she had to divorce
a husband to marry Edward, they struck
him from the roster, save for an oc
casional visit to his mother, and have
given no recognition to the woman in
the case, Wally Warfield, daughter of
a Baltimore boarding house keeper.
In the present episode, Edward,
former King of Great Britain, now
Duke of Windsor, could have saved him
self, his wife, his mother, and his
brother King George embarrassment
if he had chosen another timg to call
on hig aged mother.
I AsPeglerSeesIt !
By WESTBROOK PEGEER
(Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc*) [
Well sir, at first I thought that Zaney j
Swope was pulling a gag, because this tel- j
egram said: “Bernard M. Baruch an^ Her- j
bert Bayard Swope invite you to cocktails to
meet the selected reporters attending the sem
inar of journalism of the American Press
institute.” whatever the be-hell that is, “Co
lumbia School of Journalism, from five to
seven o’clock, at Sherry’s, 300 Park Ave
nue—” and so forth.
So I wired him back that in memory of
the dear dead days at Andy’s seminary and
Perrys and the Key-Club under Brooklyn
bridge, where the dean was a tough mick
named Sport Hallahan who got himself ap
pointed a prohibition agent so he could ride
his own loads in from Freeport and con
fidentially, Pegler, my friend, that sentence
has got clear away from you so you better
X it out and start over.
All right, so I wired Herbert that in mem
ory of those dear dead days in those stately
old seminaries that throve when the news
paper business was supposed to t>e concen
trated on Park row, although it really wasn’t
any more localized on Park row than the
theatre business is localized on Broadway to
day. The Journal and the American were
over there on, I even forget the name of that
sort of little square, and the Mail was on
City Hall place and the Tribune, that was
before the bleeding hearts messed it up, and
the Sun papers, morning and evening, were
on Nassau and, pardon me all over, Mr. P.,
but weren’t you saying something about Pop
Swope and the seminarians?
So I wired Herbie about those old seminar
ies where some of us used to do a little
dramming and hanging around, although not
me, very much, because 1 was drawing just
$25 a week from the U. P. and you know
how much cruising radius that ga/e a kid,
even then. But a lot of the great stars of
Park row did do some fellowshipping in those
dumps Well, now, I mustn’t call Andy’s a
dump because it wasn't and Perry’s was the
most stately bar you could imagine. Halla
han's was a dump all right and it smelled
like national goat week in the old garden.
They kept the windows boarded up as a stall
for the lax people and the prohibition de
partment to make look like abandoned
premises and usually half a dozen teentsy
red-hots spitting like tomcats on a gas plate
that burned up the oxygen.
I guess I will tell you tomorrow what I
was going to say about those seminarians of
the American Press Institute and kind of
finish up about Perry’s and just some odds
and ends. I write triple space and usually
try not to run over four pages, very much,
because otherwise they slash your beautiful
prose and let it bleed to death and here it
is already below the fold of page three.
Well, Perry’s was a small, round room just
off the entrance to the World building and
[here was a sink, and the bottles were on
the drainboards and on shelves around b it
there was actually no bar at all You just
ordered from the fellow and paid the guy at
the damper and there was nothing to lean
your elbows on or lean against. So the cus
tomers stood up and after the second or
third hoist people would get tired and either
go on home or up to Andy's or some other
place where you could sit down. But not to
Sport's dump because this was before pro
hibition and Perry’s was absolutely legitimate
and went out about the time that sport start
ed in down there under the bridge. Perry’s
was the only place I ever heard of that
really did specialize in cocktails, whereas you
see the sign “cocktails” or “cocktail lounge’’
and all that everywhere these days but it
really just means saloon. Perry’s made a
wonderful Martini for 15 cents and when I
say a Martini was wonderful you know it
must have been good because there is the
arneriest, meanest, no-dam-goodest mess of
rancor ever concocted and it causes more
fights and more people get their glasses
broken and arrested and divorced on account
Dt Martinis than for any other reason. They
can tel) you all they like that he favored
Rd-fashioneds but I tell you old man Roose
velt was a Martini man so it is no wonder
le had to stash the square-face behind the
Rock and in the umbrella stand to keep the
Rd girl from finding it. One slug of square
:ace plus one slug of that rancid ivy juice
:hey call Vermouth and a guy in his job
could make a revolution.
I don’t think Perry’s ever served an old
ashioned. I don’t think this mess ever was
reard of until prohibition because in those
lays if you wanted a fruit salad or a vege
:able dinner you went to a restaurant and
srdered it like a man, I don’t think they
ever heard of an orange blossom in Perry's
aut they did used to have a little cocktail
called a Bronx that had a smitch of orange
iuice and not too bad, anyway, until you got
vpur growth and cut out the nonsense and
cither drank whiskey or didn’t drink.
You used to see some wonderful newspaper
men around those old seminaries. But do you
mow who you didn’t see? Herbie Swooe and
Roy Howard. Roy had a little glassed off
coop in a corner of the United Press office
m the third floor and when he and Archie
Parke, our cable rewrite man, would get in
i scrap about how to handle a story, hol
ering in their high pitch, it sounded like
;ea gulls just after lunch time as the boats
m the European run come past Block Island.
Herbie and Roy weren’t exclusive or short
n the reach when t.he tab fell but they were
ilways hustling with something more impor
ant to do. They passed a lot of people in
Perry’s and Andy’s.
Well, look where I am. They will probably
Rip this one off just back of the ears.
QUOTATIONS
Housing and jobs continue to lead 'the pa
ade of problems. Even without a reeecsinn
suitable jobs are becoming increasingly
scarce. —Gen. Omar N. Bradley, Veterans’
Administrator.
Labor disputes should be settled where all
Jther domestic disputes are settled—in court.
—Sen. Homer Ferguson (R) of Michigan.
The government, buying wheat to feed the
world, bids against American housewives for
the same wheat. Inevitably the government’s
action increases the price of bread.—Robert
R. Wason, chairman National Association of
Manufacturers.
The United States is opposed to policies
which will continue Germany as a congested
slum or an economic poorhouse in the center
of Europe.—Secretary of State Marshall.
A big fuss is made because a small town
ig putting out signs reducing prices. A re
Juction in prices does not come from Main
Street, but Wall Street.—Ex-Mayor Fiorello
H. LaGuardia of New York.
Federal aid to education should carry with
it no inlerference with the rights of the states
to educate their children as they see fit.
—Willard E. Givens, executive secretary Na
tional Educational Association.
We have come to be time when, if liberty
is to be preserved and extended, its upholders !
and defenders must be prepared to lead the '
way to the next stage of political organization.
-Dr. Nicnolas Murray Butler, president
emeritus Columbia U.
tvJheniwS gl;eat need for ,he university and
Me to the \S n0t necessarily responsi
-Dr Harnin ir'e °Pmion of the majority,
r. Harold W. Dodds, president Princetoa
THE HOT FOOT
Uvie\TO
iwsa
The Book Of Knowledge
Department: —
THE UNITED STATES
THE PURITANS
COME TO AMERICA
Yesterday's article told of the
voyage of the Mayflower from
England to America, and the land
ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth,
in what is now Massachusetts, on
Dec. 21, 1620. That first winter
was a very bad one. More than
half of the little company died,
including 'he governor. Deacon
John Carver. After Carver died,
William Bradford was elected
governor, and from then until his
death in 1657, he was re-elected
every year but five.
Meanwhile, in England, the Pur
itan party in the Church of End
land was having a difficult time.
The bishops and the King were
determined to break it up. These
troubles caused some of the Puri
tans to think of migrating to
America. In 1628, a group bought
the right to settle on the land bet
ween the Charles and the Merri
mac rivers in New England. John
Endicott brought over about 40
people and founded Salem.
Endicott, who became governor
of the little colony, was very
harsh and made many curious
laws. He compelled the women to
wear veils in church, for fear the
men might look at them and not
listen to the sermon, which was
often several hours long. He
thought it was wrong to wear a
wig, which was the fashion for
men at that time, and he punish
V ___mmsmr ,s i
Pilgrims of the Plymouth colony going to church, from a painting
by George H. Boughton. Armed men lead the way, to guard against
attacks by Indians or wild beasts. The minister is next. Note that
children are dressed like adults.
ed any man who dared to wear
one.
In 1630, a strong, able leader,
■John Winthrop, brought over near
ly 1000 Puritans and made several
settlements on Massachusetts
Bay. The Bay Colony grew very
rapidly, and before 1634, near
5000 settlers had come. In 1636,
they started a college to train
ministers. When a young minister,
John Harvard, died in 1638, ne
left his books and a sum of money
to the college, which was then
named for him.
You must remember the differ
ence between the Puritans and the
Pilgrims. The Pilgrims had sepa
Taft And The Labor Bill
By PETER EDSON
WASHINGTON—In the first few
days of Senate and House Labor
Committee conferences to recon
cile differences between the Taff
and Hartley labor reform bills, the
conferees got through only nine of
the 68 pages in the Senate bill.
At this rate, it wouldn't be safe
to expect final action on a labor
bill much before the Fourth of
July.
First reports from the confer
ence committees indicate the bill
they will work out as a compro
mise won’t be too tough. fndustry
wide bargaining and welfare funds
won’t be banned. Most of the pro
visions of the Hartley bill which
the National Assn, of Manufactur
ers wanted will be toned down.
In spite of this, the APL and
CTO lobbies keep up ihe chant that
labor’s rights are being crippled
and the unions destroyed This is,
of course, part of the act. Every
modification in the labor code pro
posed since the start of the war
has been fought by the union
heads.
They opposed tne smiin-wonnai
]y war labor relations act with its
provisions for cooling off periods
and strike votes. That bill worked
out to the advantage cf labor
Labor opposed the Hobbs anti
racketeering act, claiming it
would do terrible things to the
union movement. Its effects have
hardly been felt.
Labor opposed the anti - Petrillo
act. It hasn’t made a bit of differ
ence to either the unions or msn*
^gement.
Dire things were predicted to
happen if the anti-portal-to-portal
pay suit bill became a law. It
has and they won’t. And the world
won’t come to an end if the Presi
dent signs or if Congress passes
over his veto the Taft - Hartley
compromise bill which will oe
handed him in the next fev; weeks.
As a matter of fact, the most
effect this bill may have will be
on Sen. Robert H. Taft himself.
The bill in its final form .vill not
contain many of the provisions
which Senator Taft started <ut to
get. Taft’s ideas and Minnesota
Sen. Joe Ball’s still more extreme
ideas got pretty well watered
down through the efforts of Re
publican Sen. Irving M. Ives cf
New York. It is the influence of
Senator Ives and pro - labor Con
gressman John Lesinski of Michi
gan, ranking Democrat on the
m
House Labor Committee, which
seems to hold the balance of pow
e; in the conference committee.
Taft is chairman of this com
mittee, however, and whatever
bill comes out will be his baby
and bear his name. This labor bill
is apparently going to be Taft’s
major achievement in this session
o’ Congress.
Taft’s long-range housing bill is
stymied. The House doesn't viant
any part of it. Taft’s idea on
federal aid to education will prob
ably get nowhere for the same
reason. Taft himself savs his
health insurance bill will not be
acted on till next year.
There may be a couple of po
litical theories as to why nothing
should be done about these meas
ures this year. First is that next
year is election year and the im
pact of positive Republican rction
on public housing, heal'b. and aid
to education legislation will regis
ter more heavily on the voters if
nothing is done till next year.
A second theory is that the Re
publicans feel their first job( this
year is to cut taxes and make
good on last year’s election prom
ises to economize. Passing half a
billion dollars’ worth of new ap
propriations for housing, health,
and education wouldn’t help the
economy situation any.
So for this year. Tfft’s political
reputation and the buildup for his
presidential ambitions must rest
on passage of the labor legislation,
which—as outlined above—isn’t so
much his.
Taft may sincerely believe this
legislation is not “anti-labor." He
thought that of his original bill,
which wss much stronger than the
measure passed by the Senate.
The hope is that when this legis
lation becomes law it will be a
stabilizing i n fluenee in industrial
relations, without taking away
anvbodv’s sacred rights.
If it doesn’t work that way . . .
if union leaders pull a lot of pro
test strikes as Chairman Hartley
of the House Labor Committee has
predicted they will ... if the
Wagner act is so amended that
a lot of new test cases will have
to be run through the courts to
find out what the Taft-Hartlev bill
really mesns . . . and if the coun
try is thrown into a lot of in
dustrial unrest as a result, then
Mr. Taft and his political futur#
[may not be worth a dime.
rated from the Church of England
before they came to America.
They were poor people, and most
of them had had very little educa
tion. The Puritans belonged to the
Church until after they had settled
in America. Some' of them were
wealthy, and almost all ol them
were well educated.
Both the Pilgrims and the Puri
tans disapproved of the forms and
many of the beliefs of the Eng
lish Church, but their religious
ideas were not exactly alike. This
was one reason why the two
groups founded separate colonies,
which were not united for many
years.
Although the Puritans had come
to the New World to have their
own way in religion, they were
not willing to give the same rights
to others. They banished a young
minister, Roger Williams, because
he taught that it was not right to
compel a man to support a church
in which he did not believe.
Williams also said th-at the King
of England had no right to grant
land in America, because it be
longed to the Indians. He Lought
some land from them and founder
the town ot Providence in 163G.
Other persons who were driven
out of the Massachusetts Bay
Colony because of religious differ
ences also moved southward.
Their settlements, together with
Providence, became the colony of
Rhode Island.
(Copyright, 1946, By The Grolier
Society Inc., based upon The Book
Of Knowledge)
(Distributed By United Feature
Syndicate, Inc.)
TOMORROW: — How a Magni
fying Glass Enlarges Things.
The Doctor Soys~
XIFE COMPARABLE
WITH 4-LEG
By WILLIAM A. O BRiEx
A human being Sjts ' ' &■
cally on a four-le->c„j /’-'^ologi.
Dr. C. C. Buriingame oX ?*«
Conn., m the Journal of .. ai;f«d,
ican Medical Association
is his job. the second u ui.T '5«
third his play, and *0 ^
body. "Ltn his
If the chair has four solid 1
he sits comfortably, hut !c?'
the legs are too short ton7 °!
or missing, he wobbles
therapy, the personal tmoru, ,
those who are livino - !°r
anced life, helps lineVVtt
Work is essential to hapnini'
The most tragic featuiy. 0? :J !'
ness is the feeling that we ?',;d
needed. As long as a normal
son has a job, life is worthwhT
A man whose work brings him
personal pleasure is fortun-Me «
a person does not have a pjca„‘
job. he finds satisfaction in a h(T
by. There will come a time whei
the hobby will be more imports-*
than a job. no matter how Dies*
ant the job.
• Play is the business 0f child
hood as it strengthen;-, muscles
and stimulates growth. Long ate'
the physical effects of play ha‘Vp
disappeared, the lessons learned
on the play field remain. In 0rde
to be happy, man needs to enjoy
himself in the company of others
Unless we learn to do this when
we are young, it will be difficult
to master when we a"e older.
The success of tne old family
physician with nervous patients
was due to his knowledge of peo
ple rather than of what was wrong
with them. A modern psychiatrist
is also successful in handling pa.
tients because He is first a physi
cian, second a sociologist, third i
psychologist, fourth :>n educa’or,
and fifth a vocational guidance ex
pert.
* * *
QUESTION: My husband h-,j
had pains in his legs tor the past
four years. Is this caused by ar
teries?
ANSWER: If the trouble is m
his arteries, nerves to the arteries
may be cut, or he may be given
local treatments.
McKENNEY
On Bridge
*KQ94
*732
♦ 85 4
*986
A J 10
♦ AKQ1084
♦ AK6
*AK
Tournament—Neither vul
South West North East
■2 V Pass 2N.T. Pass
S * Pass S A Pass
<6 * Pass Pass Pass
Opening—* Q
BY WILLIAM E. McKENNEY
America’s Card Authority
Written for NEA Service
There are a lot of little tricks in
the play of the cards that the
average player either misses
through carelessness or just does
not bother to remember. Lee
Hazen of New York brought to
day’s hand to my attention, and
with the South cards, six hearts
certainly is not a bad contract.
Most declarers in a duplicate
game at the New York Biidt*
Whist Club made the contract, but
only because of careless defense.
The opening lead was wron by
South with the king. Two rounds
of trumps were led. West showinj
out on the second round.
Now declarer led the ten “j
spades, West played the seven ana
dummy the queen. This is '■ ^
most of the East players
wrong. They won the trick wi n
the ace. If East had stopped »
think, he would have realized that
the three of spades was missmi
and that his partner was star uni
an echo, attempting to snow :r‘.
he had only two spades. Or n
partner might have a .
spade, but as he had shown ou.
trumps, there was no use m . '
ning the first spade trick >o s
his partner a ruff.
All East had to do was .o r
to win the first spade. When *
king, of spades was led E*
should win that trick, as declan,
holding three spades to he J
ten. would not have led tne
This is a play that com * *
quite often, and it is an ’
idea to form the habit of ^
your partner whether y ‘
two or three of a suit- 1- Y°'J p f
the small one, you have ei
singleton or three. If yw -».• “
high one, you have either *
gleton or two. __ ■
| The right of a union to support it°1 e
.> mantis derived its name-a 8trike-b°nl
the sea. Sailors dissatisfied with coiub
tions aboard ship refused to sail and t°
^ make sure the ship would not leaU
port they struck (lowered) the sails
COM 1947 l» 6Wt«*l 'Irffj

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