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««;==« Miumtmmitt Hworuttin j&fcu* “ss&r. — State and National News JOL.80.-NO. 243 ----- WILMINGTON, N. C„ FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1947 --ESTABLISHED 1867 Quick Action Accorded Bill Senate - House Conferees Agree On Income Tax Measure In 2 Hours WASHINGTON May 20—Del egations from the House and Sen a'e agreed in leas than two hours today on a $4,000,000,000-a-year in come tax cut, opening the way jw final Congressional action Monday The bill, carrying sharply re duced withholding rates, is slated tc go into effect July 1—if Presi dent Truman does not veto it. The possibility of a veto is not ruled out at the capitol. Pinal Congressional approval of the Conference committee’s action is regarded as only a formality, in view of the majorities rolled up for the measure in both cham bers. The House passed its version of the bill March 27 by a vote of 273 to 137. It cleared the Senate late yesterday, 52 to 34, with seme amendments. Both votes, how ever, feli short of the two-thirds majority required to override a Presidential veto. The chief point of argument be tter, the two houses was when the cuts should become effective. The Senate’s July 1 date prevail ed. The House had voted to make the reductions retroactive to last January 1. with taxpayers granted refunds for overpayments in the first half of 1947. 62 Million Loss To offset the House concession, the Senate yielded to bring a larg er- group of taxpayers within the 2C per cent reduction bracket. The cost of the change to the Treas ury, in lost revenue, was esti mated at $62,300,000. As finally approved by the Con feres, the bill would grant reduc tions ranging from 10.5 to 30 per cent over a full year’s operation. Because the bill would take effect at mid-year, however, the benefits to taxpayers on their 1947 incomes would be scaled down to from 5.25 to 15 per cent, this year only. The bill orders these cuts be low present taxes: On net incomes of $1,000 or less, after exemptions and deductions. 15 per cent for 1946, and 30 per cent in 1946 and subsequent years. $1,000 to $1,400: graduated re ductions of 15 to 10 per cent this year and of 30 to 20 per cent thereafter. $1,400 to $136,720: cut of 1C per cent this year, 20 per cert there »fter. $136,720 to $302,400: cut of 7.5 per cent this year, 15 per cent (hereafter. All above $302,400: cut of 5.25 per cent this year, 10.5 per cent thereafter. Withholdings Down Withholdings from wages would be reduced the full year's percent age specified for each bracket, on July 1. The result would be to trirr the total withholdings foi the year by just half that percentage. The bill provides an extra $500 personal exemption for taxpayers ever 65 years of age, and for their spouses too, if they have leached 65. The conference committee up See QT’ICK On Pr$e Two OFFICIALS PLAN FOR CONVENTION League Of Municipalities To Meet At Wrightsville Beach In August First steps for the staging of the »nnual North Carolina League ef Municipalities convention to be held this year at Wrightsville Beach were taken yesterday at the Wilmington city hall when two state officials from Raleigh m e 1 With authorities from this city. Following a three • hour session. Mayor Ronald Lane stated that the convention will be held August 24 through 26 at the Ocean Terrace hotel at Wrightsville. Several hundred officials from •very municipal government in the ■tate are expected to be in at tendance to plan a program for the betterment and cooperation of municipal governments. At yesterday’s session were Mrs. Davette Steed, executive sec tary, and George Franklin, at torney of the organization. Busi ness sessions will be conducted Monday and Tuesday at the con vention with election of officers *he final day. A banquet will be served Mon day night. A round of golf, fishing bathing and other entertainment Will be held Sunday and the eve nings of the two remaining days. The Weather FORECAST: South Carolina rnd North Carolina rartly cloudy and cooler in the interior, Mattered showers and little change in temperature in coastal areas Friday; Saturday partly cloudy and mild. , (Eastern Standard Time) (Bv U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ^ing 7:30 p. m. yesterday. TEMPERATURES !«30 a.m. 75; 7:30 a.m. 76; 1:30 p. m. ' ^ 30 p. m. 76; Maximum 81; Mini 72; Mean 76; Normal 74. HUMIDITY 1;3Q a m. 95; 7:30 a.m. 90; 1:30 p. m. 7.30 p. m. 80. PRECIPITATON Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. •" inches. since ^-81 TIDES FOR TODAY From the Tide Tables published by U. Coast and Geodetic Survey). V. HIGH LOW "Kington _ 0:21 a.m. 1:05 a.m. y. 6:59 p.m. 1 :23 p.m. ^ son boro Inlet 4:15 a.m. 10:33 a.m. _ 4:56 p.m. 11:08 p.m. sunrise 5:02: Sunset 7:17; Moonrise "*\p; Moonset 2:43a. 8 iV<?r stage at Fayetteville, N. C., at m- Thursday 10.9 feet. M*re WEATHER On Page Tw« TO SPEAK AT Carolina Beach. General Jacob Divers, commander of United States Army Ground rorces, will be the featured speak er at the American Legion state tonvention at Carolina Beach, June L was announced yesterday by William Farmer, general chair man of the convention. CAROLINA BEACH SET FOR LEGION Ready To Play Host, Landlord, Chef To Con vention Crowds SPECIAL TO THE STAR CAROLINA BEACH, May 29 Completely renovated and ready to act t’i8 triple role of host, land lord and chef to 25,000 Legion naires and Auxiliaries, this city by the sea is counting the days until Saturday, June 14, when the North Carolina American Legion Department begins its huge four day convention. For Carolina Beach, as well as the Legion, it will be the biggest conclave ever held. Convention delegates and guests are expected to start pouring into the resort Friday night, June 13, although registration doesn’t begin officially until the following morn ing, when members will sign in at a tent erected in t#e public square in front of convention head quarters. The first formal ceremony will be the traditional 40 et 8 “wreck” some time Saturday afternoon, but the approximately 150 men slated to stage it are keeping the exact time and place secret. On Sunday, June 15, the festi vities will really hit their stride, with special events scheduled from 3 p. m. to midnight. The 3 p. m. event, the State Legion beauty pageant, will see some 30 to 40 Tar Heel beauties, representing that many Legion posts, compete face for face and figure for figure for the “Miss North Caro lina American Legion” crown and a $500 summer wardrobe. The con test, stagey in the public square, will be set against the musical background of the Second Marine Division band of Camp Lejeune. Coronation Ball The Legion Queen and her two maids of honor will be feted at 9:30 o’clock that night at the Coro nation Ball in the Ocean Plaza. Judge Henry Stevens of Warsaw, past national commander of the (See CAROLINA On Page Two) Thirty-Seven Persons Lose Lives When United Airlines DC-4 Crashes In Rain; Conff^f^s In Accord On Labor Measure N* *V,----1_ Bill ClaiJjis Union Check House Committee Yields To Senate Group On Many Major Issues WASHINGTON, May 29 — OP)— House-Senate conferees today reached final agreement on a his tory-making labor bill which clamps tight checks on union* and provides for blocking “national paralysis” strikes by court order. The conference committee spent two weeks compromising sharp differences between separate bills passed by the House and Senate. On ail major issues, the House conferees yielded to the Senate by junking provisions of their bill which they conceded would have made it harder to override a pos sible veto by President Truman. For example, the House threw out sections which would have out lawed industrywide ‘ collective bargaining and authorized private employers to seek injunctions against some strikes and boycotis. The final draft contains a pro vision which the conferees said frankly they want on the law books as quickly as possible in the event of a coal strike July 1 when the government will- turn the soft coal pits back to private operators. It provides that the President may direct the Attorney General to petition for a 80-day injunction to halt or stave off national emer gency strikes. During the injunc tion period, the disrupting parties would mediate their quarrel. Congress Could Act If mediation broke down and workers voted to strike, the in junction would be discharged. Then the President could call on Congress for “appropriate action.” What this -would be is not speci fied, but Congress members have mentioned the possibility of seiz ing a strike-bound industry. Among other things the bill also: Outlaws the closed shop, under which an employer can hire only union members. It permits the more common union shop if a ma jority of workers vote for it. Under union shop agreements, employers may hire anyone they choose, but workers must join the union with in a specified period. Enlarges the National Labor Re lations board to five members, two more than now. A fundamental change in board set-up separates the handling of prosecution and judicial functions. Prohibits jurisdictional strikes (See BILL On Page Two Wife Preferred Death To Hubby’s Experiment CHICAGO, May 29. —(IP)—Frank Luigi’s wife chose death rather, than participate in his 30-day ex periment 1o' decide whether he loved her or another woman more, he testified today. The wife, Louise, 38, was found asphyxiated in her apartment yesterday a few’ hours after their last date' for a month. A note said "waiting thirty days won’t solve anything, so good luck to you and Catherine.” At a coroner’s inquest Luigi identified "Catherine” as Miss Catherine Callihan, 31, whom he met six weeks ago when both worked in a night club,' Luigi, 33, said he fell in love with Miss Callihan and decided upon a plan whereby he would see neither woman for a month in an effort to settle his problem. On his last date with his wife, he said, “I told her then that I loved Catherine more, but I was willing to try the thirty day test. W e drank a toast to the end of the thirty days. She talked despon dently and mentioned suicide but I thought it was just a lot of talk.” AXE BLOWS, BLAZE TAKE FOUR LIVES Police Believe Father Killed Family Then Died From Fire He Set FAIRFIELD, Conn., May 29 — (#>)_Axe blows and fire wiped out a family of four here today, and slate police investigators said that it appeared the tather had hacked h ' wife, son and daughter to death before suffocating in a fire he himself set. Persons attracted by fire in a See AXE on Page Two PHYSICIAN REPORTS MRS. TRUMAN “DOING JUST FINE” AGAIN GRANDVIEW, Mo., May 29—Iff) —A report from the sickroom of Mrs. Martha E. Truman late to day said she was “just fine”. It came from Dr. Joseph Greene after he made a brief call at the home where the President's 94 year old mother has been gravely ill for the past 13 days. Besides his optimistic report on her condition, Dr. Greene also said Mrs. Truman sat up for two hours this afternoon. Mr. Truman who made an emergency flight here May 17 when his mother’s condition took a turn for the worse, rtturned to Washington this morning. Spelling “Chlorophyll” Gets Georgia Lass $500 WASHINGTON, May 29. -M/P)—A 14-year-old girl who has had only one teacher in all the eight years she has spent in a one-room Geor gia schoolhouse today won the na ational spelling bee. Freckled, honey-haired Mattie Lou Pollard of Thomaston, Ga., became the qhampi n because she knows how to spell ‘‘Maggo' y an “Chlorophyll,” as wel. as 50 other tough ones. . It was no easy triumph. Dimpled, pretty Sonya Rodolfo of Chicago, whose father is a Fili pino scientist and whose mother is a Russian-born journalist, left the Philippines only two years ago. But she was right in there—until “Maggoty” came along. Sue thought it was M-a-g-g-o-t-e-ty Mattie Lou, who won sixth place in the national here last year, knew better. And when she also spelled another word, “Chloro phyll,” As the rules provide, she became the champion speller of 6,000,000 school kids. The 20th annual tournament was sponsored by Scrips-Howard and other newspaper^ from New York to California. Thirty-five state and district champions were here to day. And Mattie Lou — who yearns to be a newspaper reporter—is the queen bee of them all, both at spelling and in winning the ap pla- e of the spectators. Maybe it’s her accent. It’s noth gee SPELLING On Page Two NEW C-975 FOR ARMY AIR FORCES—Shown on the Boeing fli fght line in Seattle are some of the new giant cargo and troop trans ports being delivered to the Army Air Forces. They carry 41,000 p ounds and crnise at 300 miles an hour. VETERANS HONOR WAR DEAD TODAY Joint Memorial Services Will Be Conducted At National Cemetery Joint Memorial Day services will be held this $iorning by the disabled American Veterans, The American Legion and the Vetferan of Foreign Wars, at 11 o’clock in the National cemetery at 20th and Market streets. At the request of the war de partment. the joint services will be held for the first time in the history of Wilmington. An airplane will be flown over the cemetery and roses will oe thrown out. Lieut. L. C. Boyd of Fort Bragg will pilot the plane and Capt. Archie Johnson, coast artil lery instructor of Wilmington will throw out the flowers. / A firing squad of the Wilmington Naval Reserve dressed in full uni form, will fire a volley over the graves of the veterans. The invocation will be delivered by the Rev. J. L. Davis, Chaplain of Post No. 10, American Legion. Wreaths will be placed on the graves by Ken Nable, commander of the James Manley Post of the VFW, and Ray Galloway, Sr., vice-commander of the American Legion Post 10, and the command er of the Disabled American Vet erans. The ceremonies will be conduct ed around the flagpole, and the public is invited to attend. The Gold Star Mothers also will have a part in the Drogram. MILLIONS TO VISIT GRAVES DURING DAY By The Associated Press Solemn tributes to the nation’s war dead at ceremonies through out the country as well as indi vidual pilgrimages to graves of loved ones will be made today by millions of Americans in the 79th annual observance of Memorial Day. Symbolic of the services in honor of those who fell fighting the nation’s battles will be the ceremony at Arlington National cemetery in Virginia, just outside Washington, where many military heroes are buried. Boy scouts will decorate 70,000 Arlington graves. President Truman’s wreath will be placed at t^j Tomb Of the Unknown Soldier by Col. Don E. Lowry, White House aide. Attorney General Tom C. Clark See VETERANS on Page Two BULLETIN TOKYO, Friday, May 30—(U.R) —An Army C-54 courier plane carrying 41 passengers and crew crashed into mountains near Tokyo late last night kill ing an undetermined number of Army personnel and civilians, Allied headquarters reported today. 343NHHS Graduates Presented Diplomas CRICKETS GATHER ORDNANCE, Ore., May 29— IP) — Mormon crickets, which began threatening this region’s rich farmland last week, were reported thicker than ever to day. Col. Raymond Curtin ordered a ton of chlordane, the new poison which stemmed the ad vance of the crickets toward farmland last week. Jeeps were sent to spread the poison over the infested Army ordnance de pot area. F"”tners feared that the crickets were already laying the eggs that mean another in festation next year. Crews had ’ hoped to exterminate the in sects before the mating season. MINISTER BLASTS CHURCH CRITICS Retiring Moderator Of Presbyterian Assembly Opens 87th Meeting MONTREAT, May 29. —(fP)— The Rev. John Rood Cunningham, D D., president of Davidson College at Davidson, was elected moderat or of the Presbyterian church in the United States tonight. Dr. Cunningham who represents the general assembly on the World Council of Churches was selected on the first ballot at the opening night ceremonies of the church’s week-long 87th General Assemb ly. He polled 211 votes. Dr. Robert Alberti Lapsley, Jr., of the First Presbyterian church of Roanoke, Va., received 131 votes and Dr. John W. Melton of Baton Rouge, La., the third nominee, received 18 votes. Dr. Cunningham was nominated by Dr. McDowell Richards of De catur, Ga., president of Columbia Theological seminary, and his nomination was seconded by Dr. Blanton Belk of Richmond. In addressing the assembly. Dr. Cunningham said: “We are living in strange and critical times — times when Christians should take their obligations to Christ serious ly. Plans and work for the as sembly this year will follow that pattern.” His first official act was ■ to in stall Dr. J. Rupert McGregor of Montreat as president of the Mountain Retreat association. The charge to Dr. McGregor was delivered by Dr. A. L. Currie of (See MINISTER On Page Two) j Along The Cape Fear EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM — New Hanover county and the Wil mington public school systems are rated the equal or superior to any other locality in North Carolina. There are 23 elementary schools in the county. Of that number, nine are inside the city limits and 14 in the suburbs or county. The city and county have ap proximately $1,552,000 invested in school buildings. Of that amount, $500,000 is the investment in the comparatively new fire-proof high school. Only one county in the state has a lesser degree of illit eracy than New Hanover county. * * * COURSES OFFERED — The educational system provides for six years of plementary schooling, three years in a junior high school and three vears in the senior high school. Courses offered are in keeping with the requirements of universities and colleges through out the United States. The latest addition to the educational system will be the opening of a junior college in Wilmington next Sep tember. Laboratory work Is given in. all courses in chemistry, physicas and biology in both the junior and senior high schools. There are al so courses in domestic science and dramatics. Of special interest —a course offered in few instances any place—is a course in brick laying for Negro students in the colored industrial school. Classes are held 180 days annually. * * * VOCATIONAL TRAINING — In addition to regular classes for high school students, there are ex tensive courses in vocational pur suits. Included are classes in aircraft drawing, welding, wood and metal work and shipbuilding. Night classes prevail in vocational training. There is shop work in me+al and woodcrafts. These are available for students in the final two years of senior high school and require three hours daily practical appli cation and study of the work. The purpose of such classes are to prepare students who are un able to attend college or continue further education, for a practical means of livelihood. An extra feature is a system See CAPE FEAR on P»*e Two .-. 1 Impressive Exercises Held At American Legion Stadium The 27th commencement exer cise was held last night at 8:30 o'clock for 343 students who re ceived their graduation dip’omas from New Hanover High school be fore 4,500 people at the American Legion Stadium. The 1947 class, second largest graduating class in the history of New Hanover High school, had 165 veterans to receive diplomas with 178 other class mates. In V38 348 students were graduated to lead the school’s history. Miss Marilyn Goodman, 18-year oid daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sieg Goodman of 106 N. 5th st., was awarded the Amy Bradley medal by Miss Betty Lou O’Mister, pres ident of the senior class as the senior student with the highest scholastic attainment and ability for the four years that she wa’s in New Hanover High school. James Brown emphasized the theme of the program and spoke to his classmates on “The Job of the present generation is to bring America closer in understanding to all men of all nations." Thirteen students with the aid (See NHHS On Pa/ge Two) WARREN JOHNSON NEW NCBA PREXY Wilmington Man Honored At Convention; Neal Sees Fine Business ASHEVILLE, May 29. — UP! _ Warren S. Johnson, president of the Peoples Savings Bank and Trust company, Wilmington, was elevated to the presidency oi the North Carolina Bankers’ As sociation at the first general ses sion of the association’s 51st an nual convention here today. Retiring first vice - president of the association, he succeeds William H. Neal, senior vice president of the Wachovia E a n k and Trust company, Winston Salem. Other officers named to day are: John F. McNair, Jr., executive vice-president of the State Bank, Laurinburg, first vice-president; J. Herbert Waldrop, vice - president and cashier of the Guaranty Bank and Trust company, Greenville, second vice-president, and Garland Johnson, executive vice - president of the Bank of Elkin, Elkin, third vice-president. Rufus M. Riddick, Jr., president of the Hertford Banking Company, Hertford, remains as treasurer, and Fred W. Greene of Raleigh as executive secretary. 700 Attending An estimated 700 bankers from See WARREN on Page Two Violent Pulsation Send Lake Waters Up 10 Feet KENOSHA, Wis., May 29.—tfP) Violent pulsations continued to agi tate Lake Michigan today, with mysterious swells surging to a peak of seven feet in 10 minutes along the shoreline here and at Racine. The lake disturbances, which started yesterday, reached a crest at 5 A. M. today when the waters suddenly lifted seven feet to smash into harbor installations and cause damages estimated tentatively in the thousands of dollars. The mysterious tidal surge at Racine washed over the harboi break - water causing additional damage to waterfront installations. The Root river, flowing into the Racine harbor, lifted from five to six feet at the same time as the lake level rose, according to fish eimen. Father Joseph Carroll, head of the physics department at Mar quette University in Milwauke said the pulsations might be due to a rock fall in the Lake. This area was shaken by an earthquake a few weks ago. UNITED STATES PLANS TO START SHIPMENTS OF FOOD NEXT WEEK WASHIGTON, May 20—(A”)—The United States will start its new shipments of food and other re lief supplies to Europe and China probably next week, Secretary of State Marshall announced today. He forecast that President Tru man will sign promptly the legis lation authorizing $350,000,000 for relief in seven countries during the next year. Food shipments to Europe by UNRRA already have ceased and the international agency is to wind up all its operations there June 30. The relief by the United States was restricted by Congress to Austria, Italy, Greece, Poland, Hungary, the proposed free territory of Trieste and China. FRIGID MEMORIAL DAY IS FORECAST Mass Of Cold Air From Canada Threatens Crops In Three States CHICAGO, May 29 A frigid Memorial Day was forecast today for the Eastern parts of the na tion, but dry and warmer weather v.as in prospect for the corn belt states where planting has ben seriously delayed by excessive spring snows and rainfall. A mass of cold air from Canada that brought near or below frez ing temperatures and frost to much of the Midwest spread to See FRIGID on Page Two Buildings Hold Carol; Oil Oozes Her Back Out NEWARK, N. J., May 29.—(U.R)— Four-year-old Carol Ann Byron followed a brown and white kitten between two buildings today. She lost the kitten and police had to tear away parts of both buildings to rescue Carol Ann. The little girl’s plight was dis covered when a bartender investi gated her cries and found her tightly wedged between the build ings. A seven - member police emer gency squad arrived and decided drastic action was necessary. They cut through the basement wall of one building without getting re sults. They tore away the brick corner of the next door tavern. Carol Ann was still stuck be- j t tween the brick walls but her sob bing had ceased. “I want to hear the siren.” she repeatedly told her rescuers. Each time one of the policemen left the rescue operation and sounded the siren on the emergency car. The squad working in the widen ed space made by tearing off the corner of the tavern finally doused Carol Ann with oil from head to foot and slid her out. They found that if the kitten had led her a few feet farther she would have slipped into a hole be tween foundations. If she had fal len into that, they said, they would have had to tear down one of the buildings to get her out. (See BUILDINGS On Page Two) Loaded Plane Falls, Burns LaGuardia Field, New York, Scene Of Nation’s Greatest Disaster NEW YORK, May 29 — (fP) — A big four-engined United Airlines plane, taking off in a rainstorm, crashed and burned near La Guar dia Field tonight with 37 persons killed, according to several sources and 11 injured—the greatest death toll in a commercial plane dis aster in the U. S. The casualty figures came from police and rescue workers at La Guardia Field, where bodies were placed in a temporary morgue ar ranged at a vacant building of the Academy of Aeronautics, a private aviation school. There were conflicting reports as to the actual crash, which oc curred just a moment after the big DC-4 bound for Cleveland zoomed into the ail. One accounl was that the plane struck a fence or other obstruction at the edge of the field. One of those who escaped deat* was the pilot, Capt. B. R. BaldwiK of New York. Baldwin, who wai thrown clear of the plane, and If others were reported In hospitals. Baldwin was believed not seriously hurt but the condition of the others were not known. Names of the dead and others injured were likewise not knows immediateiv. Fiery Spectacle The burning plane made a fiery spectacle w’hich could be seen foi miles. Most of the 44 passengers ok board were women, it was re ported. The plane took off in a driving rain, airport attaches said. The fire was extinguished be fore the plane was completely consumed, but most of the bodies removed from the wreckage ap peared badly burned. Several oi the victims were elderly women, rescue woruers saia. Police said the four-engined DC-f struck a fence, but an airport worker said it hit a telephone pole before the crash. The craft fell on a vacant lot just across Grand Central Park way from the airfield. Police emergency squads and students and teachers from the nearby academy braved the in tense heat of the flames to drag to safety the few survivors. Six Known Saved Police reported that six persons were known to have been saved. Other eyewitnesses said eight per sons had been borne away on stretches. Another account was that 37 bodies had been recovered. Three of those rescued were said to be women. The pilot, who was catapulted from the plane when it struck, was semi-conscious when rescuers reached him. His body was bad See LOADED on Page Two HEALTHPROCRAM PLANS “STYMIED” Dr. Elliot Says Carolina Beach Authorities Have Not Contacted Him Plans toward mapping a health program to be placed in effect during the state American Legion convention at Carolina Beach in June were at a standstill yester day. Dr. A. H. Elliot, city - county health officer in Wilmington, de clared that no effort had been made by Carolina Beach authori ties to contact him following the cancellation of two meetings through misunderstandings a week ago. With the convention scheduled for June 14-17, less tnan two weeks remain in which a program can be worked out to keep disease at a minimum and place sanitation at a high level among several thousand persons expected to gather for the session, Dr Elliot pointed out. In the meantime, pamphlets printed each summer for distribu tion in which ways and means to eliminate pests that might carry disease and the proper disposal of garbage, will be passed out by the New Hanover county health de partment within the next few days. More than 1,000 have been print ed for distribution at vital spots, such as cafes, stores and hotels, throughout the county. And So To Bed Defense Attorney Alton Len non yesterday in Recorder’s court wanted to put the verdict in a liquor case to a group of men sitting in the front row and listening to the hearing. “I’m so certain that my client is innocent that I’ll leave the matter to those men,” he said pointing to the group. “All who believe my client innocent, hold up your hands.” A half dozen did so. But not Judge Winfield Smith. H# found the client guilty.