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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 31, 1947, Image 1

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! ' FORECAST: t lUttM flf I H1 llftltHrt ^OcS PrI^
Wilmington and vicinity: Partly cloudy ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ III I I I I I I I and the
and warmer today and % ^ \ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ A UNITED PRESS
___ ^iate and National Newt
lTsO.—NO. 244___ WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1947~ ESTABLISHED 1867
Veto Threat Clouds
Tax Cut, Labor Bills
S — - ' — — ■■■ ' —
president Maintains Strict Silence On Presi
dent’s Attitude Regarding Two Major
Congressional Measures
WASHINGTON, May 30 - UP) —
,he possibility of Presidential
toes for one or both of Congress
' aior measures—labor anion reg
ti0n and income tax reductions
^surrounded them with uncertain
ty today. . , .
'Maintaining strict silence about
"resent attitude, President
Truman prepared a place on his
y schedule for the two bills
Su-ch will reach him next week
tter the formality of final House
* d Senate approval
This means he will have until
•bout mid-June to approve or veto
th, bills, both of which went far
afield from his recommendations.
A veto of both would not be sui
prising in the light of his own pro
posals to Congress but this is re
garded as by no means certain.
The chances of passing the labor
bill over a veto appeared better
than those of the tax bill, if only
because of the size of the majori
ties which they mustered. In ad
dition, Senator George (D-Ga), a
I leader of his party on fiscal mat
• ters, said he will refuse to support
the tax cut if it is vetoed. He
voted for it “reluctantly.”
Predicts Defeat
Senator Hatch* (D-NM) predicted
See VETO On Page Two
M a r it i m e Commission
Drops 66 From Payroll
L. E. Voss In Charge
t T McCarthy, assistant direc
ts of the Surplus Properties divi
n of the United States Man
,i„e Commission said yesterday
afternoon that the Wilmington
shipyard wil remain on a standby
McCarthy also disclosed that the
lo-al pavrool will be slashed by
$>5 000 a'month as he reduced the
personnel. Cutting of the person
nel to a permanent standby basis
came as he issued a sweeping
order changing sales procedures
0f the division. The change will
cf'ect yards from Jacksonville,
Fla. to South Portland, Maine.
the same time McCarthy, m
i personal visit to the Wilmington
yards said activity at the yard
will be confined to stripping oi
inips by the reserve fleet division
„ the vessels are prepared for
atorage in the Brunswick river
layup basin.
The standby crew will keep the
yard in repair so that it may be
reopened in event of an emergen
Stripped Item Sales
Making a tour of yards along
the South Atlantic c-oast, and the
New England coast, McCarthy de
clared that all sales of stripped
ship items would be handled from
, central office in the future and
not in the respective yards.
Yards affected are Brunswick,
which handled sales for Savannah,
Brunswick and Jacksonville, Bos
ton, South Portland, Maine and
Providence, Rhode Island.
Late yesterday he cut standby
personnel at the local yards from
161 to 95 employes, 45 of whom
are being retained on a loan basis
to War Assets.
Yards affected by the order are
Brunswick, which handled sales
for Snvannah, Brunswick and
Jacksonville, Boston, South Port
land. Maine and Providence,
Rhode Island.
The Maritime official said all
tales of items stripped from ships
iking the South Atlantic will be
handled at Baltimore and New
York. Items from the New Eng
gee SHIPYARD on Page Two
General Graham Reports
President’s Mother Copes
With Complications
^Mrs. Martha E. Truman “just
held her own” today while “coping
with little complications” that have
trisen in her serious illness of the
past two weeks, her physician said
Brig. Gen. Wallace Graham, per
sonal physician to President Tru
man said the complications were
taken care of all right, and added
that the 94-vear-old mother of the
President sat up for a few minutes
in her bedside chair this after
' Her condition is still favorable,”
Graham emphasized. “Although
•he just held her own today after
tontinuing in a progressive upward
trend the past jew days.”
General Graham remained here
to keep close watch on Mrs. Tru
man, while the President returned
to Washington yesterday afte'
•Pending 12 days at his mother’.1;
The Weather
North Carolina — Partly cloudy and
ghtly warmer Saturday and Sunday
South Carolina—Partly cloudy and
. ^ Saturday; warmer Sunday, scatter
showers in coastal area.
(Eastern Standard Time)
'By U. S. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
“dm* 7:30 p. m. yesterday.
m. 73; 7:30 a. m. 74; 1:30 p. m.
’ ‘ 30 p m. 58; Maximum 86; Mini
™m 71; Mean 78: Normal 72.
» a. m. 93; 7:30 a. m. 87; 1:30 p. m.
P- ™ 78.
181 for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.
| If1 since the first of the month
K inches.
. tides for today
I l*1* Tide Tables published by U.
■ u»«t and Geodetic Survey I.
“Mngton - 7:13 a.m. 1:58 a.m.
K„.n, 7:49 p.m. 2:10 p.m.
"hboro Inlet . 5:04 a.m. 11:16 a.m.
■ . 5:42 p.m. - p.m.
4-31 ri*e 5 02; Sunset 7:17; Moonrise
P. Moor set 3:lla.
i. * „s,.a*e at Fayetteville, N. C. It •
■ Arid ay missing feet.
M<,,t WEATHER On Page In
A convertible coupe, enroute to
the hospital with an injured wom
an, crashed on the Maffitt Village
Winter Park highway last night
about 8:30 o’clock, without fur
ther injury to the woman or three
other occupants of the car, state
highway patrolmen reported last
Mrs. Elizabeth Kennedy, 1202 1-2
South Fourth street was injured at
Scott’s Hill, while she was as
sisting her companions with a
boat. She was struck in the left
temple by the boat while it was
beaing loaded on a trailer.
Melvin M. Williams, 112 South
Jackson street, told investigating
officers that he, W. M. Leonard
and Mrs. Mary Leonard, of 312
Marstellar street, were taking Mrs.
Kennedy to the hospital to be
treated when an automobile back
ed out into the highway.
Williams said he swerved to
avoid hitting the automobile operat
ed by Gilbert M. Holland, and
lost control of his car. The ve
hicle turned over two times,, he
related to officers.
The passengers escaped injury,
but Mrs. Kennedy was admitted fro
James Walker hospital for treat
ment. She suffered a contusion of
the right temple and lacerations on
the head.
Premier-Designate De Gas
peri Announces New Gov
ernment Formation
ROME. May 30 —(fP)—Premier
designate Alcide pe Gasperi an
nounced tonight he had chosen a
new Italian cabinet composed of
members of his Christian Demo
cratic party and independents,
leaving Communists and Socialists
out of the government for the first
time in three years.
After six days of negotiation
with political leaders during
which he met bitter hostility from
Leftist parties angered at the pro
spect of being ignored in the cab
inet selections, De Gasperi told
newsmen as he left the office of
Provisional President Enrico De
“I have concluded my labor
with positive results.”
De Gasperi, whose cabinet se
lections De Nicola approved to
night, said the official announce
ment of the new list would not be
made immediately.
The delay, he said, was because
one of the men he had chosen
was out of Italy and his final as
surance that he would serve in
the cabinet had not been received.
This man was understood to be
Cesare Merzagora, 48-year-old Mi
lan industrialist, who is slated for
the industry-commerce or the for
eign trade portfolio and who is
now in Brazil on business.
The premier - designate said he
hoped to “conclude definitely” his
task on Sunday.
In a brief statement to news
men, De Gasperi made no refer
ence to Communist - Socialist
charges that their exclusion from
the cabinet indicated that he was
attempting to establish an Italian
A reliable Christian Democratic
source said the new ministry was
composed of 10 or 11 members of
that party and f°ur or **ve other
men who would serve as inde
pendents, although some of them
were affiliated nominally with
other political parties.
“Freak,rGust Hit Big UAL
DC-4 As It Took Off
From La Gurdia Field
NEW YORK, May 30 — (A*) —
United Airlines tonight blamed a
"freakgust of wind” for the crash
of its DC-4 airliner on a takeoff at
La Guardia field last night, kill
ing 39 and injuring nine, and said
the pilot had tried to halt /as
plane as it roared down the run
A statement by the airline said
the plane apparently encountered
the freak gust just as it thundered
along the ground an- instant be
fore zooming into stormy skies. A
preliminary Civil Aeronautics
board report also said the pilot
attempted to stop the craft.
J. A. Herlihy, vice president ol
operations for the airline, who is
sued the statement, said that to
his knowledge such a gust had
never before caused a fatal ac
cident to a DC-4 type of plane
or any large transport eraft.
Second Major Air Disaster In Two Days
TgJbes Toll Of 53 Lives In Maryland;
j^irwis Seeks 35 Cent Hourly Pay Hike
Shorter Work
Reports Of Union Demands
Leak Out From Closely
Guarded Meeting
WASHINGTON, May 30 — UP) —
Reports leaked out of tightly-closed
negotiations today that John L.
Lewis wants the equivalent of a
35-cent hourly wage boost for l.is
400,000 soft coal miners.
Twenty cents of the hourly in
crease would result from a pro
posed shortening of the work week
and the rest would be made up
of other benefits, it was unofficial
ly reported.
The federal authority to operate
the soft coal mines, taken over
by President Truman a year ago
to end the 1946 spring strike, ex
pires at midnight, June 30. After
that the mines must be returned to
the private owners, and the miners
don’t work without a contract.
Hence the concentration , of ef
forts to get a working agreement
ir. the next 30 days. Lewis is con
ducting two sets of negotiations—
one with the representatives of 75
per cent of the industry in the
North, Midwest and far West, and
the other with the remaining 25
per cent in the South. The latter
group insisted on bargaining sep
arately. Their conferences recess
ed until Tuesday morning.
Lewis Directs ,
Lewis is directing the North-West
negotiations personally and he in
sisted on meeting on the holiday.
Before this conference with the
North-West operators, the United
Mine Workers’ chief talked for an
hour and one-half with the 25
presidents of UMW bituminous
producing districts, and for an
other hour with his 200-man policy
committee which has been stand
ing by for a couple of weeks.
Information that Lewis’ wage de
mands, if granted, would add 35
cents to the $1.18 1-2 hourly pay of
the miners came from persons in
close contact with the principals—
though not parties to the dispute.
Neither the union nor the opera
tors will discuss their talks this
year, adhering to a rigid silence.
Proposed Program Aimed
At Securing Quick Mobi
lization In Emergency
WASHINGTON, May 30. — UP) —'
Seven Senate Republicans an
nounced today they are preparing
a “National readiness plan” de
signed to assure speedy military,
civilian and industrial mobilization
in the event ol a national emer
They described it as an eight
point program to coordinate every
phase ol defense and also press
scientific research to cope w i t h
modern “techniques and +amics of
mass destruction.”
The group includes Senators
Erewster iMe), Bridges (NH),
Wherry (Neb), Ferguson (Mich),
Hawkes (NJ), Dworshak (Idaho)
and Wiley (Wis).
"Modern aggressive warfare de
mands equally strong and alert
defense measures,” the group said
in a statement.
“National readiness will De our
only means of survival in any:
future war, whether imminent or
The statement said the plan is
now being "studied and matured”
and reported "significant strides
in recent weeks.” It said the
group hopes to present the plan
to Congress “at the earliest possi
ble moment.”
Announcement of the Republican
plan came as President Truman
studied a report on the admini
stration’s program of national se
curity prepared by the Advisory
Commission on Universal Train
ing, headed by Dr. Karl T. Com
pton. White House Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross said Mr. Truman
was reading the report with
"much interest.” It will be made
public on Monday. _
FIREMEN AND POLICE dig through the charred ruins of a 17 nited Airlines plane after it crashed at LaGuardia Field, New York,
Thursday, on a night takeoff. Bodies of victims lie in the foregro ifcid. Official sources said 39 persons were killed and 9 injured. The
big four-engined plane carried 44 passengers and a crew of 4.—(AP YV irephoto).
Americans Everywhere, Honor War Dead;
Holiday Death Toll Passes 100 Mark
Airplane Crashes Take
Majority Of Lives
Accounted For
By The Associated Press
More than 100 .and possibly 128
persons met violent deaths Thurs
day and Friday as the nation mov
ed into a three-day Memorial day
holiday marred by plane crshes,
a train wreck and highway acci
Automobile collisions — Usually
the most deadly menace to holiday
observances—were shoved tempor
arily into the background by com
mercial passenger plane crashes
in New York and Maryland that
took a combined toll possibly as
high as 91.
The crash of a United Air Lines
plane at New York airport took 39
lives late Thursday.
An Eastern Air Lines DC-4 car
rying 48 passengers and a crew of
four fell in flames in a wood near
Port Deposit, Md., Friday and
rescuers said 30 bodies had been
recovered and that there were no
Only 22 traffic deaths had been
reported throughout the country
during the first 24 hours of the
holiday. For most persons, the
holiday started at the close of work
day Thursday.
275 Deaths Predicted
The National Safety Council fore
cast that 275 persons would be
killed in traffic accidents during
See HOLIDAY On Page Two
- —
Maybe It’s Beginner’s Luck
CONSHOHOCKEN, Pa., May 30—(fP)—Maybe it’s just be
ginner’s luck but Matthew Hasson in his first year as a gardener
already has a ripe tomato.
He called in his neighbors today to see it. The tomato,
measuring two inches in diameter and perfectly formed, is the
first one to be reported this year in this rich agricultural region
of Eastern Pennsylvania.
Hasson said he grew his tomato plants indoors and set them
ont May 4. Ripening normally starts in early July.
Conservation Essential,
Col. Gillette Declares
WEST POINT, N. Y., May 30—
(iP)—Major General Maxwell D.
Taylor, U. S. military academy
superintendent, announced today
that 22-year-old Robert N. Mon
tague, Jr., of Fort Bliss, Tex., sor
of Brig. Gen. Montague, is the
honor man of the class of 1947.
Montague will be the first of
310 cadets who will receive diplo
mas from General of the Army
Dwight D. Eisenhower at com
mencement exercises Tuesday.
Montague will be commissioned
in the field artillery and stationed
at Fort Bliss where his father is
commanding general.
The elder Montague graduated
Ifiom West Point in 1919._
Eight N e w Hanover Girls
■' Among WC Graduates
Special To The Star
Among the 413 seniors who will
be graduated from the Woman’s
College of the University of North
Carolina Monday morning, June 2,
will be eight students from New
Hanover County, seven of them
from Wilmington.
Speakers for the graduating ex
ercises in Aycock Auditorium will
be Lt. Gov. L. Y. Ballentine; Dr.
Frank Porter Graham, president
of the Greater University of North
Carolina; Dr. W. C. Jackson, Wo
man’s College chancellor; and
Miss Ruth Webb, of College Park,
Ga„ representing the senior class.
Lieut. Gov. Ballentine will pre
sent the diplomas to the gradu
ates, on whom Dr. Graham will
confer degrees.__
See Pictures Pace Two
Graduates from New Hanover
County and their records are as
Four of the graduates will re
ceive bachelor of arts degrees.
See EIGHT On Page Two
South Atlantic Division En
gineer Speaks At Jack
sonville Exercises
special to the Star
nation must pay much closer at
tention to its rapidly disappearing
natural resources than ever be
fore,’’ Col. George W. Gillette,
South Atlantic division engineer of
the Corps of Engineers, declared
in a Memorial day address here
today in which he outlined tbe
necessities of keeping this country
prepared for future emergences.
Two World wars, he contnued,
have “made havy nroads upon
our national resources.”
This nation, he added, nor
only supplied its own armies but
those of our allies in all parts of
the world. Our timber, oil, metals,
pulp and farm products were all
called upon to be used in the win
ning of' the -war and the feeding
of the armies and the people of
the world. When we talk about
manpower, we certainly must also
consider our natural resources.”
The best means of making the
nation's resources effectively
secure is through national plan
ning in conservation, he asserted.
“Our forest lands will have to
be placed in condition for develop
ment by Mother Nature to replace
our timbel. This program readily
dovetails into the program of soil
conservation and soil erosion, so
necessary to both reforestation
and agriculture. The development
of our natural resources is most
important in all these programs.
Pushbutton Warfare Scares Mexicans;
Paralyzed Veteran Aids Paraplegics
NEW YORK, May 30—(AP)— A
paralyzed war veteran who lost
the use of both arms and both legs
in an army accident four years
ago today is waging a quiet battle
for fellow-sufferers — editing a
monthly paper devoted to their in
John M. Price, 36, of Strouds
burg, Pa., the “quadraplegic vet
eran, founded “The Paraplegia
News’’ a year ago and wrote
every article contained in some of
the early issues.
Sitting in a wheelchair in the
Bronx Veterans hospital, Price
taps out his copy on a special
electric typewriter. He barely is
able to move his arms, but only a
flickering touch of a finger on the
keys of his machine is sufficient.
I See PARALYZED on Page Two
Along The Cape Fear
mington and New Hanover county
health authorities combine to make
this community one of the health
iest in the south and an equal to
any along the southern Atlantic
coast line.
A consolidated city-comity health
setup with the support of virtually
all civic groups and large num
ber of individuals accounts for
that fact.
Three principal hospitals, sev
eral clinics, more than 50 physi
cians and more than 30 dentists
band together to keep the area In
good health. _
- ' _ ;
consolidated board of health is un
der the direction of the chairman
of the county board of commis
sioners, the mayor of Wilmington,
the superintendent of public in
struction, two physicians and one
Regular examinations of school
children, inspection of dairies,
meat and fish markets, slaughter
houses ,groceries and meat mar
kets, cafes, hotels, bakeries, candy
and ice cream factories and beer
and wine parlors are made.
Drinking water is sampled at
stated interval* to see that It mai»
l tains a proper standard.
EL PASO, Tex., May 30—■(#>—
An exeriment with pushbutton war
fare sent a modified German V-2
rocket soaring over El Paso and
Juarez at a speed of 12 miles a
minute last night and scared the
daylights out of residents of both
When the four and one-half ton,
cigar-shaped missile, which was
49 feet long and six feet in di
ameter, crashed into a hillside
three and one-half miles from the
heart of Juarez it started a near
panic in the Mexican city and
jarred windows out of the central
fire station in El Paso, across the
Rio Grande.
Women knelt in the streets of
Juarez to pray. Window panes
were shattered. Plaster was dis
White House Aides Place
Wreath At War Hero’s
Tomb In Arlington
Commemoration of the war dead
was made yesterday at lrl o’clock
at the National cemetery, 20th and
Market streets, as soldiers, sailors,
and marines, who had died in the
service of their country, were
honored by Wilmington’s first joint
veterans service Memorial Day
The brief, but impressive cere
mony, which was jointly sponsor
ed by the American Legion, Vet
erans of Foreign Wars, Disabled
American Veterans and the Vet
erans Auxiliaries, drew a moder
ate crowd. Downtown Wilming
ton was draped with flags flying
at half mast and city, county, and
federal offices were closed.
The Rev. J. L. Davis, American
Legion chaplain, gave the invoca
tion at the services conducted at
the flagpole.
Wreaths were placed at the base
of the flagpole by members of the
Seven Others Unhurt In
Accident Aboard y. S.
Tugboat 705 Yesterday
Two men were injured when an
air tank on the U. S. Tug 705, blew
up as the vessel was heading south
in the Inland waterway yesterday
afternoon about 15 miles south of
New River Inlet, attaches at the
Oak Island Coast guard station re
ported last night.
The tug was towing three army
boats south in the inland water
way when the explosion occured
John W. Cavenaugh and Edward J.
Hartung were injured in the' blast,
which occured about 12:15 o’clock.
Chief Motor Machinest Mate
Walter Lewis, of the Oak Island
station said they received word of
the blast at 12:35 p.. m. and went
to aid the stricken tug. Lewis,
Walter C. Willis and Howard Har
ris, seamen second class, rushed
See AIR On Page Two
JERUSALEM, May 30. — (JP) —
A ship named “Yehuda Halevy,”
carrying 450 uncertified Jewish
immigrants to Palestine was
boarded by a British Naval party
in Palestine coastal waters and
was proceeding to Haifa, it was
reported unofficially tonight.
A source said the refugees, who
lacked British permission to land
ir. Palestine, would be placed
aboard British ships in Haifa and
taken to Cyprus.
Dispatches from Port Said re
ported British Naval units in the
Eastern Mediterranean were re
ported searching for a Jewish
refugee ship in Egyptian waters
near the entrance of the Suez
Canal and that the Egyptian Coast
Guard and Naval patrols also had
been asked to be on the lookout
for the vessel. The dispatches said
the ship was believed to be carry
ing 900 Jewish immigrants to Pal
estine. _
EAL Non-Stop
Ship Crashes
Infant In Arms Among Vic
tims Of Greatest Of U. S.
Aviation Accidents
PORT DEPOSIT, Md., May 30—
TP)— Fifty-three persons, one of
them an infant in arms, were kill
ed tonight in the crash of an East
ern Airlines DC-4, in the worst of
American commercial aviation di*
Easteirn Airlines identified as its
own the big ship which tore
through the trees in a hilly section
three miles east of this northern
Maryland community. It said 49
passengers, one of them a baby,
and four crew members were
State police said not a person
survived the catastrophe, in which
bits of plane wreckage and dis
membered bodies were strewn for
dozens of yards around the point
where the ship struck.
The disaster came within 24
hours of the previous worst crash
in the history of American avia
tion—the wreck of a United Air
lines Mainliner last night in New
York with 39 lives lost.
Flying low over the hills south
of the Pennsylvania border, the
four-engined ship was seen by
witnesses to wing over and plunge
into the trees.
Blast Shakes Buildings
An explosion, which shook buiid
See EAL on Page Two
Cogress Now Expected To
Re-Write Control Bill;
Truman Has Problem
i v *>—.. ■■
WASHINGTON, May 30 —(/P)~
Congress today appeared certain
to rewrite rent controls and give
President Truman the problem ot
accepting them or risking no ton
trol at all when the present law
expires June 30.
A bill with a permissive 15 per
cent rent hike clause which most
Democrats opposed comes up lor
expected final passage Monday in
the Senate. A House measure has
the same feature. But there are
other differences which will re
quire further deliberation in con
ference committee.
Supporters of the bill say they
are in good strategic position.
They contend that if the final ver
sions is vetoed and dies, another
measure could not be passed in
time to prevent controls from
lapsing. They do not believe the
President will take this chance.
“It’s a bad bill or none,’’ Sena
tor O’Mahoney (D-Wyo) comment
ed to a reporter.
Thp same dilemma fared the
President last June when he veto
ed a price control extension mea
sure and the country was without
any controls for a period before
another bill was enacted.
Close Vote
It is a question whether the Re
publicans could pass a rent bill
over a veto. They lacked two
votes of a two-thirds majority on
the major Senate test. This came
when they put over 48-26 yester
day the amendment allowing 15
percent rent increases over mose
ot Sept. 1, 1946, where landlords
and tenants mutually agree.
Mr. Truman asked for a year’s
extension of controls beyond Juno
30 without any strings.
The Senate bill provides for an
eight months extension.
In addition to the permissive
rent raise clause, which Demo
crats termed a “windfall” lor
landlords and Republicans de
scribed as a “wise approach’ to
eventual termination of all ceil
ings, it provides for:
1. Local advisory boards with
authority to recommend decon
trols and expedite handling of
iandlor “hardship” cases.
2. States taking over the control
problem whenever their legisla
tures enact measures in lieu of
federal control.
3. Decontroling each month
about 30 of the remaining 500 or
more areas still under maximum
I rent ceilings.
And So To Bed
Two Morning Star reporters
gathered their fishing tackle
and took off for Vhe beach
early yesterday morning. It
was about 3:30 a. m. when the
would-be anglers arrived at
their destination.
Hooks were baited and lines
cast to sea, but at press time
this morning, no one, not even
the anglers themselves have
been able to determine the
number of fish landed.
Says one—“We must have
caught about 35 or 40.”
Says the other—"I think we
had about 15 or 20.”
The reason for the discrip
ancies in the stories: The fish
ermen forgot to get their story
straight before entering the of
fice. - u

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