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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 31, 1947, Image 4

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Horth Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
R; a Page, Publisher_
Telephone All Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton N. C., Postotfice Unoer Act ol Congress
oi March 3, 1879.
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issue oi Star-News) _
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(Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday
issue of Star-News)
(Daily Without Sunday)
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The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively tc
the use for republication of all the local news
printed ln^this newspaper, as well as all AF
news dispatches.__
SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1947
Star Program
8tate port* with Wilmington favored
In proportion with its resources, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair facilities, near
by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot
Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium large enough to meet
needs for years to come. ,
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agricultural and Industrial re
sources through tetter markets and food
processing, pulp wood production and
Emphasis on the region’s recreation
advantages and improvement of resort
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina's farm-to-market and primary
roads, with a paved highway from Top
sail iniet to® Bald Head island.
Continued effost through the City’s In
dustrial Agency to attract more in
Proper utilisation of Bluethenthal air
port for expanding air service.
T>e\elopment of Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hospitals, and includ
ing a Negro Health center
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Conselidation of City and County
I look upon It as an eqnai injustice to loath
■atmral pleasures us to be too much in love
with them.—Montaigne.
Time to Make Good
Star readers, particularly those in
annexed areas, as well as the city ad
ministration, are urged to read, or re
read if once perused, the letter from
Mr. Bert W. Blake in yesterday’s Star,
in which complaint is made of the bad
condition of the Carolina Beach highway
south from Greenfield Park.
For several feet toward the highway
center, Mr. Blake points out, dirt has
obscured the pavement and because
there is no sidewalk this stretch as well
as the highway borders are ankle deep
in dust or mud, according to the pre
vailing weather, and pedestrians are at
a disadvantage in either case, whether
they walk on the encrusted highway
pavement or off of it.
Particularly at night are they en
dangered because of speeding autos.
Several deaths have happened there in
recent years, and while Mr. Blake notes
that many speeders are arrested, he
fe»ls that no material improvement in
the safety situation can be made until
sidewalks are laid for the convenience
of persons afoot.
His further mention of the confusion
resulting from similarity of street
names is timely. But what requires
especial attention by the city adminis
tration are the physical improvements
which were promised when the Sunset
"ark area was brought within the city
- limits. With differences accounted for
- by strictly neighborhood conditions,
~ Mr. Blake’s complaint is voiced in prac
- tlcally all areas voted into the city at
the annexation election.
The council has had trouble secur
- ing materials, to be sure, but the peo
: pie who consented to abandon their
: suburban status in that election are en
titled to the speediest fulfillment of the
V pledges made to them and are justified
. in believing themselves the objects of
" neglect.
In its reorganization the council is
~ to be urged to revamp its program for
_ making good on the promises which
led suburbanites to vote themselves
j into the city.
Congratulations, Mr. Johnson
Wilmington is proud that the presi
" dency of the State Bankers’ Associa
tion for the next year falls to the lot
of President Warren S. Johnson, of the
Peoples Saving Bank and Trust com
It has long been the association’s
custom to elevate the first vice presi
dent to the presidency’ and as that was
Mr. Johnson’s office this (or last) year,
he naturally succeeds Mr. William H.
Neal of the Wachovia Bank and Trust
company of Winston-Salem.
But while this was in line with the
association’s precedent, it is by no
means the only reason for being grati
fied that the Neal mantle has descend
ed upon the Johnson shoulders.
Another, and much more important
reason is Mr. Johnson’s fitness for the
Mr. Johnson ranks high among the
state’s bankers of vision and under
standing, not only of North Carolina’s
postwar opportunities for progress, but
of the nation’s composite financial situ
His administration cannot fail to
carry the bankers’ association itself
and, through the bankers, the people
forward if not to unprecedented pros
perity at least to greater stability and
security in the lengthening period of
reconversion from war to peace.
The Revised Labor Bill
Senate and House conferees are
making rapid progress in adjusting
differences in the proposed labor legis
lation introduced in each branch of
Congress with the hope of bringing
their bill to a vote on Monday or short
ly thereafter.
By yielding to the Senate on several
of the more severe House bill’s pro
visions it is hoped to escape a presi
dential veto when the revised measure
goes to the White House or, in event
of a veto, to have enough votes to set
it aside.
Both Senate and House bills, as
originally drafted, were known to go
further than President Truman was
willing to accept. The revisions now
are thought to by-pass at least some of
the President’s chief objections.
Whether enough of them are elimi
nated to assure the President’s ac
ceptance is a moot question. At least
an effort has been made by the con
ferees to meet Mr. Truman’s views,
and in all fairness the President can
not well afford to nullify any measure
which would, halt the growing monopoly
labor’s leaders have been assiduously
setting up over the nation’s business.
The provision providing for an
eighty-day injunction against national
emergency strikes ought to be speedily
placed on the statute books in view of
I the prospect of a coal stike on July 1
when the government returns the
mines to private operation. Another
coal strike at this time would be dis
Then, too, the provisions outlawing
the closed shop and jurisdictional
strikes, making unions liable for unfair
labor practices—which now operate
against industry alone—doing away
with union-controlled health and wel
fare funds created since January 1,
1946, prohibiting “excessive or indis
criminatory” initiation fees and dues
and guaranteeng employers freedom
of speech in dealing with their workers,
provided their statements are not co
ercive or threatening, are in the inter
est of workers quite as much as their
Passage of such legislation would
larggely overcome the evils of union
domination which has been broadly
termed “labor gains” since the Roose
vest administration decided to toe the
mark for the labor leaders. At the
same time the union membership gen
erally would be able to throw off the
yoke of the Greens and Lewises of
labor and regain their individual free
dom to work where they wish without
being subjected to confiscation of so
much of their wages to swell union
Traffic Boys Picnic
Once more, and at long last, the day
arrived for the annual Junior Traffic
force picnic, and such a picnic it was
as boys never enjoyed more. There
were nine bus loads of the youngsters
380 all told—and they no more than
hit the beach than they were in swim
ming gear and out among the breakers.
And there was Captain John Davis,
retired traffic chief who organized the
force years ago, to serve as master of
ceremonies, and brief addresses by
Carolina Beach’s Mayor T. A. Croom
and Police Chief Bruce Valentine, Wil
mington’s Chief Hubert Hayes, former
Chief Charles Casteen, Traffic Officer
Tommy Rhodes, Superintendent of
Schools H. M. Roland, and on top of
this other special guests—members of
the county and city administrations—
were introduced; and the boys stood
up under it all valiantly.
And there were sandwiches for
everybody made by the wi.es of the
Wilmington traffic squad and plenty of
soft drinks, and games and contests
under direction of James Copeland and
Harold Cullen, executive and physical
directors respectively ot the Brigade
Boys club, with prizes too; and at 5
o’clock everybody piled back again into
the buses for the drive home—tired but
It was a great day in celebration of
the great work these boys do for safety.
The safety record maintained for so
many years around schools is the out
come of the Junior Traffic force’s mag
nificent service. Posted at intersec
tions of all streets bordering the block
on which a school is located they keep
traffic in control before and after
school and during the noon hour. Pupils
cross streets under charge of the young
officers with as great security as if
the service were performed by adult
uniformed policemen.
And these picnics once a year are
their only reward.
The Junior Traffic force is among
Wilmington’s greatest traffic assets.
All prise to it.
* Foreign Policy
By ANNE O’HARE McCormick
The leading artical in The London Econo
mist of May 24 cites as an example of our
“relative concern lor the external and inter
nal aspects of America's anti-Communist cru
sade” the action of Congress in giving the
FBI all the funds requested for tracking down
Communists at home and on the same. day
throwing out the appropriation for the VOiCe
of America” broadcasts abroad. But Congress
later reversed its position on these broadcasts,
and tnis serves as a pat illustration of a
phenomenon that is often overlooked by for
eign observers.
; The truth is that our national impulses can
I run one way and our considered decisions
another. Our first reactions, although deep
rooted and vociferous, are as likely as not
to be overruled in our final actions. This
tencency to adopt policies that go against
the grain has grown in recent months. The
support of the Truman program is the best
example of how far this country has gone in
accepting obligations that run counter to the
instinctive and traditional American aversion
to anything that savors of "militarism” or
The winter in the economist is acute
enough to see that the fluctuations in foreign
policy ‘hat disturb the governments that try
to steer their course by ours reflect diversi
ties between emotion and judgment as well
as between the interests and outlooks of peo
i pie scattered across a continent as vast and
j various as this. The real miracle is that a
j heterogeneous population like ours has devel
oped out of experience and debate a war
i unity and a non-partisan postwar policy.
If "the Americans’ hand is all trumps,”
as the Economist asserts, this trend toward
a common front in world affairs is the ace
card. The most important effect of the Tru
man program is not the aid to Greece and
Turkey cr even the warning that further
Soviet expansion may lead to war. the enun
ciation of the “doctrine” and its endorsement
by Congress after prolonged questioning and
discussion—which gave it the appearance of
delibeiation—has done more than anything
else to spread the conviction abroad that the
United States is a permanent as well as the
most powerful present factor in world politics
The Soviet tactic of multiplying obstacles to
peace and recovery is supposed by many to
be inspired by the belief that an economic
slump will increase popular opposition to fur
ther investments in Europe and cause the
United States to puil up stakes and go home.
While this is always a danger, the prospect
of American withdrawal, even in reaction to
a depression, is much more remote than it
was a few months ago. The significant fact
is that we have taken new commitments in
the face of worsening conditions. The crisis
has broken in Europe. Europe is verging
on collapse, and Americans, enstead of trying
to get out of the way, immediately perceive
the peril to themselves and for the first time
begin to give urgent thought to plans for
salvaging as much of the falling structure
as they can.
Sheer necessity, in other words,—the nec
essity of giving a lead in this crisis, the
necessity of “holding our own”—demands
boldness and continuity in foreign policy. The
British commentator, brushing aside any
question of the superior power of the United
States over any rival or combination of rivals
in “raw material resources, industrial capa
city, scientific knowledge, productive ‘know
how’,’ skilled labor,” suggests that the ob
stacle to the shaping of a policy to insure
the most effective use of this power lies less
in the national will than in the nature of our
system of government.
This comment goes too far in placing re
sponsibility for our wavering attitudes on the
division of power between the President and
Congress. This division should be more crip
pling than usual at this juncture, when one
party controls the executive and the other
the legislative branch of the government, yet
actually, in the months since the last elections,
the Adminstration has pursued a more pos
itive and more strongly supported cource
in foreign affairs than it did before.
Many American students of government
however, voiced the same criticism. This
gives timly intrest to an early essay fo Wood
row Wilson on “Cabinet Government” which
has just been reprinted by the Woodrow Wil
son Foundation.
Wilson proposed that a Cabinet be chosen
from among the members of the House and
Senate, insuring election by the people, to
serve as the liaison between the Executive
and Congress. It should be empowered to initi
ate legislation and compelled to resign when
beater, on major legislation which it initated.
His idea was to add to the American system
of checks and balances the responsive and
flexible feature of the British system, to pro
vide mor public debate for important issues
and renew “the now perishing growth oi
statesmanlike qualities.’’ Cabinet Government,
he thought, would tend to produce responsible
This last is the chief ingedient of wise and
substained policy. The immediate crisis calls
not for a change in the structure but for the
use in government of all the brains and states
manship we can muster. Our dilemmas in
pe«^?«makinK’ in Germany, in dealing with star
vation, in our relations with Russia, are the
results of shortsightedness, ignorance and
miscalculation. It is not much to say that
we are overpessimistic today because we
were overoptimistic yesterday. New York
International co-operation is the only way
to prevent mankind from falling into another
conflict which would wipe out the present
form of civilization.—President Miguel Ale
mant of Mexico. •'
Tne objective of the Communist Party of
he United States of America is the destruc
tion of the American way of life.-FBI Direc
tor J. Eogar Hoover.
From uncertainty comes discontent and dis
F°n Byrnes.r * e d s communism. — James
Nobody Seems To Remember Old Rip Van Winkle
aLTAKE AttftP 4
ygAi?s area *
The Book Of Knowledge
In former times, magic squares
were thought to have magic pow
ers. They were sometimes worn
as charms to ward off disease or
to bring good luck to the wearers.
What is a magic square? It con
sists of numbers arranged in the
form of a square—arranged in
such a way that, whether you add
up each vertical column or each
horizontal row or each of the two
diagonals, you get the same total
in every single case.
The accompanying picture shows
$_ IB Ip q l
mm i
Can you make a magic
square out of this one? .
certain numbers arranged in the
form of a square, but this is not
a magic square, as you w:ill see
when you do the additions indi
cated above. But you can make a
magic square out of this one by
cutting it into four pieces and
putting these pieces together again
in a different way. You will then
have a magic square in which the I
addition of the numbers in each ^
At left, the original square cut into four pieces. The second picture
shows how these pieces are rearranged to form a magic square. Add
the figures in each column, in each horizontal row, and in each
diagonal of the second square. In every case, the total is 34.
row, column and diagonal gives
thp sum of 34.
The solution will be found on
thi3 page.
(1) How Was the River Crossed?
Fred and Albert, with their father
and the village postman, stood on
the bank of the river. They all
had to cross it, using one row
boat. Fred and Albert each weigh
ed 112 pounds. Their father and
the postman each weighed 224
pounds. But the boat could carry
only 224 pounds at one time.
How did they cross?
(2) How did the Sheep See Each
Other? “I saw an odd sight the
other day,” said Brown. ‘‘Two
sheep were standing in a field, one
looking due north and the other
due south. How do you think that
each could see the other without
turning round or turning his head?”
The answers are on this page.
- World food Situation
WASHINGTON, _ The world's
food situation is worse now than
it was two years ago at the end
of the war in Europe.
This is the substance of a gloom
filled, 100-page report which Sec
retary D. A. FitzGerald of the In
ternational Emergency Food
Council is making to representa
tives of 32 member nations meet
ing in Washington this week.
Most people are probably un
aware of the existence of the
IEFC. Yet it has probably done
more than any other organ zation
to stave off world starvation.
UNRRA got the headlines, but
it dealt only with the victims of
Axis aggression, and it was chari
ty. The Army has doled out food
to Germany and Japan. The "new
$350 million U. S. relief program
will touch only selected countries.
But the IEFC, surveying the
world’s food supplies and demand,
has worked out agreements for di
viding up the surpluses, telling the
countries with shortages where
they should buy.
IEFC is successor to the Ameri
can -British -Canadian Combined
Food Board which allocated Allied
food supplies in wartime. A year
ago when it became apparent that
further international food ration
ing would be necessary to prevent
chaos in the world food markets,
the Combined Food Board was en
larged into the IEFC to give na
tions other than the United States,
Britain and Canada a voice in its
The council is organized into an
executive central committee and
subordinate commodity commit
tees dealing with rice, cereals
fats and so on. Headquarters are
in an old apartment house building
on a side street in downtown
FitzGerald, who as secretary
general presides over IEFC, is a
prematurely gray-haired food ex
pert borrowed from the Depart
ment of Agriculture. He accom
panied Herbert Hoover ' on his
’round-the-world food survey for
President Truman.
All the principal food exporting
and importing countries of the
world are members of IEFC ex
cept Soviet Russia and the Argen
tine. Absence cf the USSR may
not make any difference, as it
may not be in a position to ex
port much tood for the next few
years and it has asked for no
imports beyond the UNRRA sup
plies to White Russia and the
The case of Argentina is some
thing else again. It has exportable
surpluses of meats, cereals, fats,
and oils- But instead of playing
ball with the rest of the world and
dividing up its surpluses with
countries of greatest need, the Ar
gentine government has sold only
to the highest bidders, profiteering
on most of the transactions.
In this respect, the United States
has a record of which it can so
far be proud. It has given away
through UNRRA and the Army
over $500 million worth of food
supplies. It has sold another $800
million worth. More food tonnage
has been moved abroad than was
ever thought possible.
This record has been achieved
by keeping export and import con
trols over foodstuffs. Those con
trols expire the end of June. Un
less extended by Congress, world
food distribution may be thrown I
into complete confusion.
It was originally thought that
the IEFC would be able to go
out of business at the end of 1947.
At the last meeting of the council,
however, recognition was given to
the fact that the food situation
was not improving as fast as had
been anticipated. The present
meeting of the IEFC will therefore
consider a recommendation to
member countries to extend its
authority until June 30 1948.
The Food Council has worked
with the United Nations Social and
Economic Council, though IEFC is
not one of the specialized UN
agencies. Food problems of the
United Nations are the function of
FAO—the Food and Agriculture
Organization. This was one of the
first postwar international agen
cies set up, but it has accom
plished little beyond a number of
preliminary surveys of long-range
food conditions.
The FAO charter may not per
mit its taking over the functions
of IEFC, though this may be con
sidered at the Geneva FAO con
ference in August. That will de
pend in some measure on the suc
cess of the UN International Trade
Organization meeting now' oeing
held in Geneva. It ITO flops in
solving the problems of inter
national distribution, FAO can ac
complish little by increasing pro
In the meantime, all but a few
of the more fortunate nations of
the world face another year of
hunger if international bureaucra
cy fails to meet its first b'g test.
The implications are in many re
spects frightening. Prolonged hun
ger, wherever it is found, is a
basic cause of revolution.
Answers To Problems
(1) Fred and Albert first cross
together; Fred brings back the
boat. Then the father crosses
alone; and Albert returns with
the boat. The boys again cross to
gether; and Fred again brings
back the boat. The postman now
crosses alone. Albert rows the
boat back and brings Fred across
with him.
(2) The sheep faced each other
to begin with!
(Copyright 1946, by the Grolier
Society, Inc., based upon The Book
of Knowledge).
(Distributed by United Feature
Syndicate, Inc.)
Monday:—The Story in a Tea
On Bridge
America’s Card Authority
Written For NEA Service
This year the masters individual
tournament was held in two sec
tions, a world championship sec
tion for Life Masters and a na
tional championship section for
♦ 7543
♦ 986
♦ QJ76
I Kempner
♦ A 10 9 ♦ None
*9 * AKQJ
♦ A 543 643
2 ♦ Q J7
♦ A942 ♦ K103
♦ KQJ862
♦ 10 7 5
1 ♦ K 10
♦ 53
Tournament—E-W vuU
South West North East -
2 ♦ Pass 3* Double
3 ♦ Double Pass 6 *
Pass 7 * Pass Pass
Opening—♦K 31
Senior Masters. However the same
boards were played in both sec
In the national championship
guamAL sS*K£
springing Up 0n this sses »*
and despite the diff,CultI;’ru» «•
taming goods , . ** «<k
where normal trade m- ° ; ar,,
shattered by *ar * Channel‘
A few businesses ..
former service n . ! .. by
island girls. mah.?j
Those enterprises w th the
chance for immediate sure
of the service tvoe — rA,f es*ar*
garages, beautv ‘salon, S'5Uran't
like. ■ 1 a"d th,
Grocery store.- s.ock,. ,
Navy warehouses ’ - v "
villages with necessities
months. Although -on Z
manians, they are under l ,
measure of Navy control 81
A few drygoods stores W
opened, with the Naw aad
Navy - sponsored Guam rv“e
mercial C o r p. a their Z
sources of supply 1,1,1
Shipping is the ■ D -,
Commercial shii
turned in any measurable viw
so importers must bi ■ in ^
goods in Navy bottoms wit !
tendant red tape and supervise
There is a strong consumer*!
mand for most goods, and ty,
is still plenty 0f noney on Guam
Guamanian i n come is derive
largely from NavV Jobs, but Van?
Guamanians have sizable savin*
accounts, and some claims L
war property damage or f0r con
demned land are still being’ pa d'
Military personnel and U. s
vilian workers have money'anj
few places to spend it.
Native villages are barred to
Americans, but small business*
are springing up on the highways
just outside t h e m. Most are
housed in makeshift shacks o
second - hand Quonset huts. The
proprietors have shown inger.uitv
in prettifying them, but one ot th»
incongruous sigh s of Guam still
is a beauty parlor, with modem
equipment in an unpainted Quon
set beneath a cluster of palrrs,
Star Dust
Jock's wife was so stout
That she sought to reduce
With a course at a gym.
But said Jock. "What's the use!
“The best way to lose pounds
“Is a worry a day,"
So worry he gave her —
CTwas cheaper that way!)
— Ina S. Stovall
Trade Secret
Man (at police station): “Could
I see the burglar who broke into
our house last night?"
Sergeant: “Why do you want to
see him?”
Man: “I’d like to ask him how hi
got in without waking my wife
division the players bid more o:
less “down the alley” but in tin
Life Masters section the bidding
in some instances was weird.
One of the wierdest was today!
hand, board No. 9 of the fourth
session. Most of the East-West
players in the national champion
ship section arrived at a six-heart
contract and made six. However
when Ralph Kemper of Chicago
(East) played the hand in At
world championship section tht .
bidding shown was the way it hap
pened. Kemper was rather sur- i
prised when South opened Ae
bidding with two spades. How
ever, North and South were us
ing weak two-bids. But when North
responded with three hearts, tha
was a little too much for Kemper,
so he doubled.
West correctly douDiea auum*
three spade bid. Kemper cad
quite a problem now, but, he de
cided that if his partner could
double three spades. North
on an out-and-out psychic, a™
therefore he bid six hearts. W-n
three aces West was justified r*
going to seven hearts, which nei •
er North nor South bothered
Rentier realized that in order
to make the contract he had '»
find South with the king of dia
monds. If he won the fust trie
with dummy’s ace of spades, •
would have to discard a dud or»
diamond from his -own hana, --
instead he played a low sp ^
from cummy and trumpea »
the three of hearts. , ,
The queen of diamonds *•- 1 ’
South covered and dummy s
won. Three rounds of hearts » •
cashed, then the jack of dia _ ’
and When South's te«'EPot j„<
Kemper ran off the haUn« ;
the hearts. He was i**tt
diamond seven and tr.e '“■* ^
eight of clubs, whiie dmwny
the ace of spades and three cluw
to the ace. North ne.d jaCj.
mond nine ana me due'
seven of clubs. , ,ut),
Kemper led the e v”l ,‘,v,
to dummy's ace. then cashed »
ace of spades If North let
nine of diamonds, Kei P ,,,
throw-his losing clu wnu*
discard of the jack of clubs »»
Kemper's king and *en
A horse race is called a Derby after Ed
ward Smith Stanley, Earl of Derby, who
instituted the first English horse race in

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