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Tie Sunday Star-News
North Carolina's Oldest Dally Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday R. a. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter it Wilming ton. N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress ol March 3, 1879._ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER * IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week _$ .80 $ .25 $ .50 1 Month - 1-30 MO 2 15 3 Months 3.90 3.25 6.50 5 Months _ 7 80 6.50 13.00 1 year _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News -—-- ®c Morning Star .. Sunday Star-News . —--- *QC By Mail: Payable Strict!* in Advance 3 Months ..$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months__ 5.00 4.00 7 70 1 Year .-. 10.00 8.00 18.40 (Above rates entitle subscribe: to Sunday issue of Star-News) “ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—$'.85 6 Months—$3 70 1 Year—$7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th« Associated Press is entitled exclusively tc th* ns* tor rspublication of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. __ » SUNDAY, JUNE 8, 1947 i—-——--1 Star-News Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with Its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy Industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North j Carolina agricultural and industrial re- j sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina's farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City’s In dustrial Agency to attract mors in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. ’development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.— I. Timothy 6:7. Only what we have wrought into our character during life can we take away with ( us.—Karl Humboldt. --—- 1 Should Stay at Home j The season for commencement ad dresses is here again and the young graduates are being dealt the custo mary spiritual and material advice in wholesale quantities. Each speaker apparently feels com pelled to disclose to his bright and eager listeners his best secrets for success in life. Perhaps the freshness ■A their audiences inspires them to flood ‘he auditorium and stadiums with their flowery words of wisdom. Some of the speeches go beyond the welfare of the graduates. They deal with other problems, often sectional in nature. Into the latter classifica tion goes the remarks of Governor i Thurman, of South Carolina, in his ad dress before the graduates of Winthrop college. What he said was tremendous ly timely, even though the average ob server of the south’s welfare has been j well aware of the problem he highlight ed for a long time. “I hope,” he told the graduates, “as many of you as possible will remain in South Carolina. We have a tre mendous loss of the human resources of this state.” For many, many years, a large per centage of the South’s promising young people have headed northward or to other sections shortly after receiving their diplomas. Considering that it costs the taxpayers an estimated $1, 800 to educate an individual from the first grade through a state-supported college or university, the financial loss through departure of graduates to other states amounts to millions throughout the years. But the loss in dollars and cents is Letters To The Editor Woods Burning And Control Of Fires „ % _ o the Editor: The only safe and economical , method of protecting and perpetu ating the life and growth ol our long leaf pine and other valuable forest trees under present existing conditions, along our coastal plain where grass, straw and under brush grow so abundantly, is sys tematic burning in the months of December and January, annually or at least once every two years when the trees are dormant and the land is cool. Burning during this season can be done without creating enough heat to materially injure the ■ young trees. Without burning our pine forest would eventually cease to exist in its present wild state because the grass, straw and un '"ush accum-’la' to fas’ a tew years there is a coat so thick \ that the pine seed cannot contact • the ground and have to perish. • ©esides preventing reseeding of young pines on the land, the ac cumulation of grass, straw and underbrush soon become a fire hazard and when it does burn not only kills the young trees but the larger ones as well. I contend where our territory consists of 60 percent to VO percent woods land, if is impossible to keep fires out, anyway the fire wardens never have yet. The only thing they have done was to whip fires out in De Then in the Spring when the wind is high and hot, dry spells occur, the fires get out and your fire wardens are helpless to stop them and one tire at this season will destroy in a few minutes w;hat it takes nature years to grow, and i oesides Spring fires not only de stroy the trees but nesting birds j and other w'ild life as well, i We have millions of long leaf i pines as well as short leaf here in our county cf New Hanover. The commissioners were told by the North Carolina Forestry de partment, there were more young cember, January and February when it should be allowed to burn, long leaf pines in New Hanover county for its size than any other county in North Carolina ana if we would cooperate with them they would protect them. We did two years. During that time our fires occurred in March, April and May and more damage was done during that period than any other. If ever our State Forestry de partment will stop trying to do , the impossible, that is prevent all I fires and bum in fall and winter we will stop having sprino ;jres and forest fire destruction will be D’evented. I Wilmington. N. C. RASK I June-'7, 1947 THANKS To the Editor:: We wish to express to you our appreciation for the splendid pub licity given to us in our recenl Poppy day program. MRS. W. K. STEWART, JR„ Chairman Wilmington, N. C. ■June 7, 1947. EXPRESS APPRECIATION To the Editor: As chairman of the recent clean up campaign, sponsored by Nortl Carolina Sorosos, the Young Wo men’s Christian association’s mem bership enrollment, the City Com mercial division of the Cancer Con tral campaign and publicity chair man of the North Carolina Fed oration of Women’s clubs' conven tion, which met at Wrightsvillc Beach May 21-23, I wish to thank (Continued on Page 14) Re-Examination Of Recreation Now that the first flurry of excite ment over City Manager Benson’s pro posal to revamp the Recreation depart ment and merge many of its functions ■with the Parks agency has cooled off, it is not difficult to see that he has offered Council the opportunity to re examine its recreation program. No serious damage, as was first in dicated, has been done. It must be remembered that his plan is simply a suggestion. It is up to Council to determine what kind of program the city will have. Because the matter is one of policy, final decision is with the five elected men in preparing the 1947-48 budget. If they care to increase the outlay for this necessary municipal function, they have the authority to do so. They also have the power to slash its budget to a ridiculous minimum. There is little likelihood they will do either. ; Rather, it appears safe to forecast that when the financial plans for recrea tion are drafted for the new fiscal year, the city may be getting more for its recreational dollar than ever before. While refraining from endorsing Mr. Benson’s proposals to greatly curtail personnel but, at the same time, keep all playgrounds open through use of volunteer supervision, we beliefe they are certainly worth Council considera tion. In fact, he has hopes of opening !|new playgrounds. All, he has said, ! would be in charge of a director to co-1 ' ordinate programs and other opera- j tional details. There would be no changes in the Community center and it would continue both indoor and out door activities under a trained direc tor. “Under the proposed system,’’ the iCity Manager stated, “an ecomony can be effected and a more direct re-| sponsibility placed on interested per sons.” Council has until the end of June or slightly later to adopt the new bud get. Meanwhile, it is to be hoped that Mr. Benson’s suggestions, as well as those from any other responsible sources, will receive ample, interpretative pub licity so that all will have a definite idea of what is before Council. It is the responsibility of those interested in planned, supervised recreation to make their views available to their councilmen. They are anxious to know, and, we believe, to give the people what they want. If a too severe curtailment is dan gerous, especially from the standpoint of combatting juvenile delinquency with recreation, then such should be im pressed upon Council. Its members are anxious to do the right thing in this important matter and you, as a citizen who has seen the benefits from recreation, can help them tremendous ly with opinions and facts during this re-survey. There is no need for ill-founded alarm or anxiety that the recreation program is going to be tossed overboard. It may be necessarily curtailed but it has proved itself of such value that abandonment would be a foolish policy for Council to effect. But, to realize the greatest economy without serious damage, the city fathers may need your advice. Since it is an open question and should be treated as such, make it available so that final decision will be just to all the thousands of youngsters using the parks, playgrounds and other centers as well as the thousands of tax payers making these facilities avail able. not the one causing greatest concern. It is the loss of the young men and women themselves. They, more than any others, are needed at home to bring southern economy, as well as practically all other phases of its life, to a point com parable with the majority of the north ern and western states. On them rests the principal hopes of a better regional future. The south has progressed so in recent years that its opportunities for the university and college graduate are greater than ever before. It is time that more of these young people heed ed the words of Governor Thurman. In doing so not only will they be bet ter off but their homeland will reap the full benefits of the education it made possible for them. Commander Snead On the basis of his past as com-1 mander of his Veterans of Foreign Wars post, as well as fine work in an im portant office of the state organiza tion, Wilmington’s Edward C. Snead is certainly well qualified to lead the North Carolina department of the VFW during the ensuing year. The actual vote accorded him at the Atlantic Beach convention Thursday was 610 to 54, the largest majority ever received by a state commander in the 17 years of encampments. His opponent requested that it be declared unanimous and the delegates immedi ately granted this wish. This is ample proof of the confidence of the rank and file in his sound ability, well matched by a devoted interest in all VFW af fairs. Progress of the VFW, both locally and state-wide, has been most notice able during the past year. Because Mr. Snead has had a close hand in this growth, it is quite reasonable to expect his administration to continue this ad vancement, especially in the realm of service not only to its members but all ex-servicemen. More Trouble For Farmers Another threat has cast a shadow over the quality of the 1947 prosperity I for North Carolina’s tobacco farmers, i Already menaced by a reduction in Great Britain’s market, their newest danger—a potential strike of tobacco plant workers—is a domestic one. Speaking in Goldsboro recently, James H. Westbrook, labor consultant, said contract negotiations between the unions and plant operators may bring a crisis to the eastern markets about [opening time this season. Wage de mands in the negotiations, he con tinued, are such as to offer little hope of any agreement before the market opens. The question is whether the farmers, faced with tie-up of their to bacco sales, will blame the operators or the unions for the condition. Because such a walkout would have thousands and thousands of innocent j victims, it would be almost criminal ito allow it to materialize. .In the final analysis, peaceful labor relations depend upon understanding between manage ment and labor. That this understand ing should be reached before the pro ducers start hauling their leaf* to mar ket goes without saying. Freedom For Petain? Strong sentiment is reported from Frar.e for the release from prison of 91-year-old Marshal Petain. The French Academy has asked it. So, says a Paris newspaper, have France’s highest clergymen and our own secretary of state. The feeling of the French can be understood. Petain was a hero before he turned, in his dotage, to a fascist minded hopelessness that led him to complete his country’s betrayal. We cannot know whether his confused, senile mind dwells today on his heroism or his treachery. But it seems certain that his major punishment has been in his mind, and not in the prison walls that contain him. One Way to Get Rid of a White Elephant The Gallup Poll Public Says Truman Should Be Allowed To Veto Parts Of New Labor Bill Reform Is Favored In Poll As President Faces Im portant Question By GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J„ June 7—Many Presidents — and Mr. Truman is probably no sxception — have wished that they could veto parts of bills sent by Congress for White House approval. With a momentous veto decision confronting Mr. Truman in the shape of the labor union control bill, the President must under the constitution either reject the meas ure in whole or accept it in whole. Some students of government have felt that this should be changed— that the president should have the power to pick out parts of bills for disapproval, especially in the case of appropriations bills. There is wide public support for this contention. A survey by the Institute finds that among people who know what a veto is, sentiment is overwhelmingly in favor of permitting a President t° veto some items in a bill without vetoing the whole measure. In probing the public’s attitude, several questions were asked to find out how much people know about the subject of vetoes. The first question was: “Will you tell me what the term ‘veto’ means to you? For example, what does it mean when the presi dent vetoes a bill sent him by Congress?” Eight out of every 10 voters polled (80 per cent) gave a cor rect answer, while 20 percent gave either an incorrect answer or said they didn't know. The 80 per cent who indicated correct knowledge were asked: "At the present time, when Con gress passes a bill, the President cannot veto parts of that bill, but must accept it in full or veto it. Do you think this should be chang ed so that the President can veto SOME items in a bill without veto ing the entire bill?” The vote of those who gave a correct difinition (80 per cent) was: Yes —. --49% No.. 21 Don’t Know _10 0U7c The favorable ratio is more than 2-tol. Opinion on the matter of veto ing parts of bills was tested once before, in 1945. During that year’s Congressional session, Sen ator Vandenberg 0f Michigan proposed to allow the President to veto parts of appropriations bills. His proposal died in com mittee, but an Institute poll at the time found the public for it by a substantial majority. • * * To see how many voters are accurately informed about Con gressional powers in regard to a veto, the Institute put this ques tion to the 80 per cent who indi cated correct knowledge of the meaning of the word veto. “If the president vetoes a bill, can Congress override his veto?” The reaults show the public very well informed. Yes, it can override -70% No. it can’t - 4 Don’t know -6 80% The next question in the quiz vas this: “How much of a majority is re juired for the Senate and House o override a Presidential veto?” The correct answer — a two hirds majority — was given by 44 ?r cent of all voters. People who have had college aining scored high on the difini on of what a veto is and did well on the question of whether Con gress can override one. I Around Capitol Square Wallace’s Talk Does Not Disturb State Politics •___ |)y LYNN NISBET RALEIGH, June 7.—The visit of Henry Agard Wallace to Raleigh got the Raleigh dateline in major newspapers throughout the world by reason of his categorical state ment he would not support Presi dent Truman for re-election. Ex cept for that there was nothing in North Carolina speeches that deviated from previous commit ments. Locally his appearance created no ripples on the smooth surface of political affairs. Few men spent a busier day Thursday than did Mr. Wallace. Eeginning with a press conference at 10 o'clock, followed by a conference with the local ministerial associ ation. a luncheon, a side ttip and speech to students at Chapel Hill and winding up with the main event in the auditorium that night Ihe former vice president had no time to rest—and he admitted he was tired. EVENTS. — The press confer ence attracted more than a dozen local reporters and half as many out of staters, and set the stage for the most positive anti-Truman anti-Democratic party statement Wallace had made to that time The luncheon had a littlr over a hundred guests each of whim put out five dollars for the occasion, half of which is said to have gone into the treasury of the sponsor ing Committee for North Carolina of the Southern Conference tor Human Welfare and the other half to the hotel. The luncheoi had been moved from Durham be cause the hotel there fixed a rate of four bucks a plate. The press conference also bad been shuffled around from place to place until finally arranged at the home of Josephus Daniels, with whom Wal lace w'as staying. PRELIMINARIES. — Prelimi naries to the main speech at the auditorium took more time than the lecture itself and occasioned far more local interest. The audi ence began arriving early and when the speech started consisted of some 2.300 people, approxi mately one-third colored. Seating segregation rules had been sus pended and among early arrivals was a preponderance of colored people. QUIZT. — It was one of the quietest groups of like size that bad assembled :n the auditorium for a political or quasi - political meeting in a long time. Applause was frequent but not boisterous, there was no shouting or h'ssdng. and the dozen or so firemen sta tioned around the hall to enlorce the no-smoking and fire preven tion ordinances had less to do than usual under comparable cir cumstances. PROMOTION. — The first hour was taken up in promotional ac tivities for the sponsoring agen c'es. Dr. Lee Sheppard, pastor of a leading Baptist church in Ra leigh and chairman of the Com mittee for North Carolina read names of directors and noted that membership had jumped from less than 200 to more than 1500 in eighteen months. Then Clark Foreman, president of the South ern Conference, took over. He identified himself as a native of Georgia, a resident of Washing ton. but said ^he only home he owned is in Western North Caro lina. CONDEMNATION. — F ore-man was vigorous in his condemnation of North Carolina traditions and politics. He bitterly castigated the recent general assembly for not following the instructions of Jo sephus Daniels and Frank Gra ham, and said his people are get ting tired of the kind of leader ship the state has provided in the past. Turning to Lawrence Wal lace, state senator from Johnston county and a vice president of the Ncrth Carolina committee, he said it was apparent the state would have to look to Johnston county for liberal leadershiD in the fu ture. References to Daniels. Gra ham and Wallace #f Johnston drew liberal applause from the au dience, as did the criticism of tra ditional governmental policies and legislative attitudes. Allies Ready To Aid JapQ|1 BY M0rr1s , AP Newf \RRlSS The Allies appear eve of a definite mo° °C t!> * war-tom Japan to world 0 r«oJ(. tft* beginnings of „c'd u'*te t'. sufficiency. eeon°mic k; The long-discUs,ed r... get Japanese indus'rv °-grj'T ■ merce moving aeair l, »"«1 ct-‘ basis is expected ;0 ? a H within two months l'0rs.f The prime objective i, Japanese people ever " * help in then- effort. stlt'T*'prtaci^ The War, S;a-e rv. Treasury departments™™*? ^ branches of the ro ernm d ^ completed return to ™ ^ tcade," says Lieut. Gen V^' Eberle, who headed an group which has k Amerk fro-m Japan. “But i;'s?"■> in that direction.'’ J1Srj} SLATED TO ANNOUNCE Dr The Allies are exited?1 nounce details of lhe ed 0 a lew days. Just what ^ be permitted to pnrticipat V what extent arc expected "t!, among the things determfj * It can be said that those - . which can contribute most , ? objectives of the occupation’4 be expected to receive f ■. ^ Iteration in -he trade' , J Pnme objectives are ,cUin_ ;'*• ed raw materials into nt!:' exports to those who can F/mpire can Produce and"* 01 ,heib in monev or ma. " that will further still more Jar's. comeback. United States firms interest buying or selling ,n Japa,; have been wanting l0 Re, ;.I representatives back on JaPM(, soil. Obviously the U S v „ ' a prominent part in the schedS reopening of the Empire. F r. hat other nations the con-imp. i men will come remains to t? vulged but the United State. have no monopoly. How many traders from the fa ignated nations will dc ace^cj-1 to General MacArthur is anot> important detail to be deternfa Up to now the supreme cr mander has said there simply,., not places for foreign business® to stay in Japan. Every htf throughout the Empire had fc.. filled with occupation forces. the announcement of the trad' program. a hotel or two in eat of the Empire's principal tradb'j centers is expected to be set ash for c-ommcrcial visitors for a )».:• ed time. At me end of the prescribed period, the visitors will be toll to move on to make room for i® lar traders from elsewhere. This hoped - for Japanese tract revival should go far towards® ing the Allied problems concern,-.| the Empire. Coupled with a gras ualiy increasing solution of a reparations problem, it mark; » greatest allied progress with re gard to Japan since Tokyo surra dered—excepting, of course, thi occupation itself. The trade program will be eve better news to the Japanese that to the allies. The former will see the beginnings of the rock « Which they hope to build new sd sufficiency and a standard ol if ing above the present, mere lit sustaining basis. Total Aircraft By Each State Is Announctc WASHINGTON. June 7.- vf- - The United Stares and lerntoa had 80.002 registered civil a;.rt at the start of this yeai theCr. Aeronautics Administration reper ed today. Before the war the t® was less than 30.000. California led in plane reitlt tions with 8,456. followed by Tern with 7,789. Ohio ranked third wr: 4,448. Registrations by states or. 1 included: Alabama 908: Arkansas » Connecticut 635: Florida 2.L Georgia 1.346: Louisiana » Maine 491; Maryland 1.468: Jo sachusetts 1,255: Mississippi®* New Hampshire 244 New '■'■■■ 4.107: North Carolina 1.579: Island 181: South Carolina ■ ■ Tennessee 1.216: Vermont 1M:W ginia 1.220; West Virginia tf You don't have to 'errf" to buy U. S. Savings Bondr you let your bark do it regularly through the B«‘ Month Plan. _,* Wilmington's Bob Ruark~ Year’s Discipline Good For Youths NEW YORK, June 7.—1 suppose a few million mamas are wring ing their hands today, aghast at the idea of giving Buster to the armed forces for a year’s training —yet what the government pro poses amounts to a salaried term in a military prep school. And military prep schools, last time I looked, were expensive luxuries for the better-than - average in come groups. Completely apart from the prep aration of a skilled reserve mili tary force. I can see nothing but good in a year’s discipline for the young man at a time when he is beginning to feel his oats and tug at the tether. The age—18 to 20—at which the military plans to take over Junior’s education, is the age when Junior begins to be lieve that he is just about as smart as they come and anything he does is pretty much o.k. John Edgar Hoover’s delinquency sta tistics will prove that for you. There is a lot of democracy to be learned in an army or navy: a lot of respect for law and or der; a lot of tolerance for the rights of others. Standing at at tention in close-order drill, the boy from Park Avenue is suddenly shocker to learn that he looks ex ac'ly like the End kid from ’b^ lower Fa'1 cidc. * * * About the first thing a young rter learns when they stick him into khaki is that he can’t walk over other people and that there is generally a reason for the or ders he takes. He learns, too, that if he refuses to fullfill those or ders that he will be penalized for disobedience. This is something which should be taught in the home, but, unfortunately often isn't. From what I was able to ob serve during the war. the brutali ty, the evil associations, the rough living and the off-duty hellraising ordinarily associated with mili ary life were greatly exaggerated. And that was an emergency’ military, hurriedly assembled and with the minimum margin for keeping the individual happy. I know—when we went into the Navy we were told to practice yelling so that we could scare the pants off the enlisted men. They told us you couldn’t keep disci pline if you spoke kindly to an inferior. That was awful early in the piece, though. Ahrvuf fV*« +: —__ • ---- Uic civilian began to wag the regular military dog. the old concept of spit and polish changed perceptibly, A great many ex-civilians, accident ally become officers with re sponsibility. found they could reap as much efficiency, or more, by trea irg fhe'r subordinates as peo nie Out of that grew the Uni versal Mili ary Training experi ment. which has been going suc cessfully and which is the dry run for the propose^ mandatory train ing for everybody. The average youngster, exp-' to a year of apprenticeship to Uncle, ought to come °11’ 1 with better manners, more c dence. considerably ' edge, a finer physique and ac” preciation of social obligation might never other.’.-s.- have* quirea, A flock of spoiiec. mt"' darlings will get their ears P-r‘-! back, of course. Some P°-! thugs will lean 'hat 'here be something to this thing ef rule book after ai! Bui 1 seriously a'' i o' that 1 | will be as much tcupia'.on or company available for weakling as he would 6s _ find in high schoo' o: ‘oi:ef .j for lhai matter, after dark 1 ^ streets of his own home !#**•' this thm percentage of P0' .. transgressors are a lo to get smacked down for tt>e‘ o; than if they had remained ^ Papa's roof. There is aW parents can do for a Pn‘ tS his 161 h birthday that unp-s J authority can't do be'te-- _of! It may be a wrench of the ladies to yield vt:; darlings, but those aie ^ darlings who are apt most from universal ■ )/r There comes a time v ■ body has to chop the • ■ ^ and it might as wc.. Sugar.