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I Wilmington and vicinity: Partly cloudy with little temperature change today; Wednesday, slightly warmer. ^ yoLSO^-NO. 258:---______WILMINGTON, N. C„ TUESDAY, JUNE 17, 1947_ESTABLISHED 1867 Region Elects New State Leader Today ftay Galloway, Wilmington, Rules Favorite Qver Carlyle Shepard, Chapel Hill, For Com mandership; Gen. Devers Speaks Special To The Star CAROLINA pKACtt, June 16 , delegates at the State con ULn today will elect a depart v*j commander to succeed Wil • M York, of Grensboro, end i'fthe’four-day affair which has vigorous campaigning for JL-o* candidates. the state commandership » which will end at 11:45 a.m. (•c; are Ray Galloway, Wil rineton and Carlyle Shepard of ^ail Hill. The possibility* that a erfark horse” will enter the con test is strong, it was reported 1 Galloway, formerly of Charlotte, v, been employed here for a lumber of years in connection «'th Legion work. He assisted in the star ing of Boys’ State, was active in Junior Baseball Commis sion and the Carolina Legion fiews. He is a former commander the 16th district. Shepard is a veteran’s advisor Chapel Hill. He served in both World Wars and recently was dis charged as a Lieut. Col., deco rated with the Bronze Star, four battle stars and the Belgian Four ragere. Fish Fry Today Only item on the program today after the election of officers and official delegates to the 1947 na tional convention is a fish fry, to be held north ol the town audi torium, and the meetings of var ious committes. At business sessions yesterday the Legion delegates adopted a new State constitution calling for 35 districts compared with the present 20, while retaining the five divirions. Provision was made for a sixth division embracing the whole State, to be composed of Negro posts. The Legionnaires heard Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commander of the Army ground forces and Gov. See LEGION On Page Two Miller Defense Obtains Continuation T o August STATE AIRLINES TO WAGE BATTLE President Gilbert Tells County Board No Stone To Be Left Unturned State Airlines means to leave no Itone unturned in a fight to place Wilmington on its route in opposi tion to Piedmont Aviation which i: present holds a Civil Aeronau tics Board examiners decision fa voring the latter firm. If necessary, the State Airlines veil) take the fight to the supreme court. Such was the assertion of H. K. Gilbert. Jr., president of the State line. He pleaded, together with John Farrell, city industrial igent, before the New Hanover county commissioners yesterday tor the support of that body in a petition seeking reversal of a re cent CAB decision favoring the Piedmont company. “We're very serious in this mat ter,'’ Gilbert told the eommis lioners. “We’ve had this matter 6ee STATE Airlines on Page Two STANDARD PLANS OIL CANNING HERE J. L. Wright, North Caro lina Manager, Makes Announcement J. L. Wright, North Carolina manager for the Standard Oil company of New Jersey, an nounced yesterday plans for the construction of a petroleum pro ducts canning factory at Wil ming on and said such a project v.’ouid “add materially to traffic through the Port of Wilmington.” Wright's announcement was made in connection with the ar rival of several Standard Oil company officials at Bluethenthal Airfield by plane. The officials, J. L. Rianhard, •viation sales division, New York city; E. H. Collins, regional manager, southern division; R. C. One!, manager, aviation sales di vision New York city; C. C. Dun tar, marketing assistant of North Carolina; R. c. Wormald, avia *’on sales division, New York * • "■ n. sampie, aviauuu ivy ^tentative, North Carolina and M. Brawley general sales Manager at Greensboro. Touring State the group, traveling in two planes, are making a good will *0Ur of all the airports in the State served by Standard Oil. Ia his statement Wright cited me shortage of materials which ! expected to retard construction the plant for some time. *-Ieeting the planes at Bluethen thal besides Wright were Morri ,0tt W. Divine, Jr., Wilmington ioles manager, Wright and Roy ttotve, of Burgaw. * two-plane tour of the State 'h end today at Asheville. The Weather - FORECAST: Hot°U™ Carolina—Partly cloudy and 1 much change in temperature Tues t and Wednesday. tj, °rti*, Carolina—Partly cloudy, little . a ,8e in. temperature Tuesday, slight 1 farmer Wednesday. (Eastern Standard Time) M Ry S" Weather Bureau) *rat '‘ogical data for the 24 hours ‘"g 7:30 p. m. yesterday. . temperatures 14. . 2- no. 71; 7:30 a. m. 70; 1:30 p. m. ■ :30 p. m. 78; Maximum 87; Mini m 67; Mean 77; Normal 77. , HUMIDITY c. ..a m- 38; 7:30 a. m. 79; 1:30 p. m. ’ ‘;a() P- m. 69. T precipitation Ion’, ,t°r 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. n; mcnes. l.(k»0ka| *irce the firjt of the month ** inches. (r tides for today tj. c0rli the Tide Tables published by Coast and Geodetic Survey). \ViW HIGH LOW m>ngton -8:14 a.m. 3:20 a m. , 8:55 p.m. 3:35 p.m. nb°ro Inlet 5:57 a.m. 12:13 a.m. s 6:32 p.m. 12:15 p.m. I 41 Uae 5(60: Sunset 7:25; Moonrise 'u, ' Noonset 6.23p. , •'•■er stage at Fayetteville, N. C. at j* Monday 9.9 feet. More WEATHER On Page Tw* Judge Bone Refuses At torney’s Request For Indefinite Stay Special to the Star LUMBERTON, June 16 — Three attorney’s appeared before Judge Walter J. Bone, presiding at the fune term of Robeson county Su perior court, today armed with affidavits which they said showed Mrs. Mary Edna Currin Miller was suffering from a serious mental llness. The attorneys asked for an in lefinite continuance for any court action against Mrs. Miller, who is charged with the attempted mur ier of her husband, David Miller, poung Rowland store operator May 11. Mrs. Miller was said by sheriff’s officers to have confessed that she lired Fred Wiggins, a Negro farm land on her father’s farm to shoot tier husband and “make it look like a suicide.” Fred Wiggins, who has been in iail since he was arrested on May 1 in default of a $15,000 bond, ap peared in court this morning and pleaded guilty to a charge of secret assault with a deadly weapon with ntent to kill. Confessed Shooting The Negro had confessed that he Eired a bullet from a .38 calibre pistol belonging to David Miller into Miller’s chest as he lay sleep ing in his home about 6 o’clock Sunday morning May 11. . Wiggins told officers that Mrs. Miller admitted him to the room and gave him a pair of gloves to wear. Mrs. Miller had asked the Negro to shoot her husband, sev aral weeks prior, Wiggins said. Wiggins was indicted by a Robe son county grand jury earlier to day and appeared in court without an attorney. -Judge Bone said he would not sentence Wiggins until after any trial which might be held in connection with any charges against Mrs. Miller. The charges against the Negro carries a punishment of a mini mum of 12 months and a maxi mum of 20 years in prison. Wiggins was retui led to the Robeson coun ty jail in iefault of a $15,000 bond. Jury May Report Solicitor F. Ertel Carlyle asked the grand jury to return a true bill against the Negro and Mrs. Miller on identical charges, secret assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill. The grand jury is expected to make a report on the solicitor’s request tomorrow morning after additional witnesses, including the deputy sheriff to whom Mrs. Mill See MILLER on Page Two WALL EWING ENTERS STATE PRISON FOR 18 TO 20 YEAR TERM RALEIGH, June 16 — (IP) —Wall C. Ewing, prominent Cumberland county politician and business man, began today an 18-20-year penitentiary sentence for the slay ig last year cf his wife. He arrived at Central prison this afternoon in custody of an officer and Warden Hugh Wilson immediately ordered him pro cessed, including physical exami nation and interviews for prison records. Ewing recently lost his appeal to the State Supreme court. The warden said hr had not de cided to what tasks Ewing would be assigned, but prisoners of Ewing’s education usually are as signed specialized jobs. CIO Seamen Tie Up Shipping At Nation’s R^Ssst Ports By Virtual “Sit-Down;” Truman Vetoes Republican Tax Cut Bill GOP Says No Over-Ride President Denounces Measure As Risky, Un safe In Message WASHINGTON, June 16 — (JP)— President Truman smashed the Republican income tax cut with a veto oday. He denounced it was “the wrong kind of tax reduction at the wrong time.’’ He declared it “risky” and “un safe” on the ground that “sub santial” payments should be made on the debt in these good times. And he left unanswered the question whether he will favor lowering taxes next year. It is “impossbile to predict” when re ductions can safely be made, he said. Aroused Republicans immediate ly got busy to try to override the veto in the House tomorrow But they conceded that even if they should muster the nevessary two-thirds majority there, they would have no chance in the Sen ate, which then would vote Wednesday. And House Democrat ic Leader McCormack (Mass.) predicted after checking party ranks, that the veto will be sus tained in the House. So the $4,000,000,000 of income tax cuts ranging from 10.5 to 30 per cent which would have gone into effect July 1 now goes out the window. Campaign Issue And bill No. 1 of the GOP-con trolled Congress changes from a piece of legislation into a hot campaign issue for 1948. It was the first time in Amer ican history that a President has vetoed a bill to cut taxes, al though President Roosevt It in 1944 veoed one to raise them Mr. Truman gave two main reasons why: 1. It would be bad for the coun try’s economy and for the treasury. 2. It would give too much relief to those “in the high income brackets’* and not enough “to the low income group.” Tlie Chief Executive also gave See GOP On Page Two SIMMONS BRINGS UP NEW CHARGES Former Weights Inspector Says 57 Scales Have No Inspection Tags The question of inspection of scales, measurements and pumps in Wilmington popped up for the third time in four weeks yester day before the county commis sioners at their meeting. This time it was again J. S. Simmons, former weights and scales inspector. He was the one to bring the matter up originally three weeks ago and since then has appeared before the city coun cil urging a closer inspection of scales and weights. Simmons’ appearance before the commissioners resulted last week in state agents appearing before the qounty fathers to pro test statements made by the Wil mingtonian. Put yesterday Simmons came right back at the state officials with charges that 57 scales in es tablishments in the downtown Wil mington area “have not been in spected in years.” He declined to name particular places but offered to take any of the commissioners on a tour of the city and point out the scales that he said had no stamps of inspection on them. M addition, he charged that cer tain retailers are removing one to three pieces of bacon from a ready packed parcels before the customers make their purchases. His request that the county name a weights and scales in spector here, brought support from Commissioner Louis Cole man. However, Chairman Addison Hewlett pointed out that the com missioners at a previous meeting had voted to look into the matter in conjunction with the city coun cil, and that action still was in force.__ Iron Curtain Still Down At Police Headquarters No action had been taken last night by the city council on the matter of ironing out the contro versy between newspapers and the police over the releasing of news to reporters of Wilmington newspapers. This despite an agreement reached at last Wednesday’s city council meeting that a session would be held with police to dis cuss the matter. Later, it was de cided at that time, that represen tatives of the newspapers would be called in to talk over the m«t-| ter. City Manager J. R. Benson was not available for comment last night. However, city officials said that no meeting had been held or none called. In the meantime, reporters still were barred at police headquar ters from reading routine reports made by patolmen and detec tives. Chief Hubert Hayes 10 days ago ordered that no reporters be al lowed tro see reports other then the names of persons booked on the police blotter. HERE MARINES of the Second Division at Camp Lejeune are shown leaping from an assault boat at Carolina Beach yesterday in a mock invasion.1 Two waves of these craft left their mother ships which hovered offshore while the invasion was in progress. _ LANDIS RECOUNTS STORY OF FLIGHT CAB Chairman Says Capi tal Airlines Plane Was Flying “On Option” WASHINGTON, June 16 —WP)— Chairman Landis of the Civil Aero nautics board said today that the Capital Airlines plane which crash ed Friday night was descending through overcast in an effort to come<‘ into Washington “under the weather”, an option given the pilot by Airways Traffic control. Landis told a news conference that procedure preceding the acci dent which carried 50 persons to sudden death near the Virginia West Virginia line was standard. It is “in the books” Landis add ed, through a recording device in the Washington airport control tow er. It is simply a hypothesis, the CAB chairman said, that the pilot miscalculated his position, during a letdown from 7,000 feet. Landis said the air line has de nied a story given out by a Capita] Airlines official yesterday that the altimeter, which shows the pilot his height above sea level, was found to indicate 2,000 feet. He added that the needle could See LANDIS on Page Two HUNGARIAN REDS BREAK UP MEET Weighted Rubber Hose, Brass Knucks, Used On Freedom Party Crowd SZEGED, Hungary, 'une 16—<JP) —Nearly 150 Communists, armed with weighted rubber hose, brass knuckles and hatchet-like Hungar ian “Fokos” broke up a Szabadsag (Freedom) party meeting here today which had been called ex pressly to determine whether there was freedom of speech and as sembly in Hungary. In the bloody brawl, during which approximately 700 resent ful Hungarian men and women fought back with their fists and wooden chairs— and even pushed one Communist out of a second floor window — an undetermined number of persons was injured. There was one official report, however, that five Freedom party supporters were sent to a hospital with serious head wounds from the heavy, long-handled “Fokos.” Thousands Thrilled By Marine Invasion COMFORT PLUS WASHINGTON, June 16—(J5) —Rep. E. E. Cox, D., Ga., said today the Veterans administra tion “wants hospitals built along lines of the Waldorf.” “They want cocktail lounges in them,” Cox said as the House Rules committee con sidered the $8,167,869,027 in dependent offices appropriation bill scheduled to come before the House tomorrow. Eighty-five per cent of the funds in the measure are for the Veterans administration. Cox said the cost of con structing VA hospitals is from 20 to 300 per cent “in excess of the cost of constructing comparable civilian hospitals.” SENCBA FACING TOUGH SLEDDING County Commissioners Hardly Luke Warm To ward Donation Plea The Southeastern North Caro lina Beach association faces tough sledding in obtaining the $5,000 appropriation from New Hanover county’s board of supervisors which it has asked. At least one commissioner is flatly opposed to making any do nation. A second one is not sure that it is the right thing to do. Others are non-committal. That was revealed last night following a meeting of the com missioners earlier in the day when beach authorities appeared before the board to present a plea for funds to assist in meeting their $29,800 budget to be used in ad vertising the North Carolina coast and bringing tourist and other trade here during the summer ancf fall. However, the board did agree to give the proposal “careful consid eration.” But that action was not unanimous. Commissioner George Trask voted against considering the matter and declared that “I am opposed to paying anything. We have no legal right to spend the tax payers monies in such a man ner.” Later, he asserted informally See SENCBA On Page Two Along The Cape Fear YARD PERSONNEL — In the story of the five years of North Carolina shipbuilding from 1941 through 1946, to date has been the history of the Wilmington ship yard and the vessels constructed. However, of reat importance— perhaps the most important fea ture, were the persons who built those ships anj did the 1,000 and one small details that made the construction of the crafts possible. It wsa those persons who made the record that brough praise from the federal government. Wilmington was chosen as the site for the yard because of its accessibility to a good labor sup ply of personnel. Persons residing in North Carolina and its envi rons, company experts contended, were the class easily trained for the highly skilled jobs necessary in successful shipbuilding. The great majority of employes resided with in a radius of 200 miles of the yard. A large num ber were from the immediate vi cinity and continued o live at ttheir homes, thus easing some what the acute housing shortage. * * • NUMBERS EMPLOYED — In coming to Wilmington, together with several army and marine in stallations nearby, the city be came known as the “Defense Cap ital” of the state at the height of the war. The peak of employ ment was March 13, 1943. On that date on the payrolls were 21,000 persons. With such a vast army oi work ers, obviously other problems de veloped in the operation of the North Carolina Shipbuilding com pany. Such problems included, housing, transporation, selective service demands, rationing and anti-sabotage measures. An im portant factor in the success of the entire program, company of ficials explained, was the excel lent manner in which employees, individually and collectively, met those problems with the aij of the firm, tfee community and the state and federal government. * * * HOUSING — The housing prob lem was considered and met early in the operation of the yard. The federal government led in meet ing the housing problem. A trail er camp consisting at its height of 530 urjits was established near the yard. Later, apartments for em Forest and Hillcrest. Maffit Vil liage, providing 3,762 additions, was added. In t h e metropolitan area of Wilmington idle structures were pressed into service and to taled 256 more housing units. Al so, there were erected 1,400 new privately owned dwellings. Other home owners assisted by throw-1 jing open spare rooms. Attack Proves Short-Lived As Men Turn Hastily To Fire-Fighting Task BY CARL CAHILL Star Staff Writer CAROLINA BEACH, June 16 Marines of the Second Division at Camp Lejeune yesterday after noon swarmed ashore here amid the crackle of rifles and explo sions of simulated enemy fire in a mock invasion sponsored by the American Legion as part of the State convention. But their attack against an im aginary enemy was short-lived when a flame-thrower ignited the grass behind the beach and the flames, swept bj the wind, raced toward several parked vehicles. The Marines quickly exchanged rifles for shovels, began to throw sand on the flames and soon had the “situation well in hand.” Some 1,000 marines and naval personnel, five large vessels and 12 Corsair fighter planes took part in the invasion and assaulted 300 yards of beach about half a mile south of the Breakers Hotel. MOCK invasion The invasion was carried out in a manner similar to an actual beachhead assault. Tetrahedrons, representing enemy beach ob stacles, were the first to be elim inated in the assault. Small assault boats put off from the seven vessels lying off shore, carrying navy underwater (See THOUSANDS on Page Two) REYNOLDS PLANS TWO-POLE FLIGHT Wealthy Pen Maker Will Defray Expenses Of Plane Jaunt CHICAGO, June 16—(TP)—Mil tor S. Reynolds, wealthy pen manu facturer who flew around the world in April, today announced plans for a globe-girdling flight around both poles “about Aug. 1.” Reynolds said at a news con ference the new trip would not be non-stop, and that it would be “purely scientific.” The plane, a converted B-32 bomber, will carry “10 or 12 scientists, and will be piloted by Capt. William Odom, skipper of the first trip. Reynolds said he did not plan to go along, but would pay all expenses. He accompanied Odom on the first flight. The route of the proposed flight, for which complete clearance has been obtained, will be from Wash ington to Greenland and thence over .the North Pole to Yakutsk, Siberia; to Invercargill, N. Z., and across the South Pole to Argen tina, Santiago, Chile; Balboa, C. Z.; and back to Washington. Reynolds estimated the total mileage at 25,000, and the flying time at 110 hours “more or less.” His April flight took 78 hours and 55 minutes._ MERCHANTS HEAR BLAST ON CO-OPS Vernon Scott Of Chicago Urges Battle Against Non-Taxed Groups RALEIGH, June 16 — (ff) — North Carolina merchants, at the opening session of their 45th an nual convention here today, heard Vernon Scott of Chicago, president of the National Tax Equality, as sociation make a vigorious attack on tax exemptions which he said v ere enjoyed by cooperatives. Scott said that the “tax favor ed cooperatives” are now doing $13,000,000,000 worth of business annually in the U. S., and “if income tax exemption is continued, the announced expansion plans of many cooperatives will carry the total to at least $25,000,000,000 by 1950.” Referring to the fight in tne 1947 North Carolina General As sembly over the taxation of co operatives, Scott said that “the cooperative spokesmen, every where, are boasting that their pow erful lobby here in Raleigh de feated, for a time, all efforts of businessmen and other taxpayers to establish tax equality under the state income tax statutes of your state.” Scott told the merchants that the House Ways and Means com mittee of Congress has scheduled public hearings on “unfair income tax advantages that are now en joyed by government-owned cor porations, labor unions and co operative associations,” and he urged them to “tell your Con gressmen that you want the co ops taxed just as you are taxed, x x x I ask you to act—in your own interest—and to urge other business in your home towns to act.” “Let me say x x x that tax-pay ing businessmen have no quarrel with cooperation as a method of doing business—if it will do busi ness under established rules, with out all of the special privileges and favors that it now enjoys,” he said. “It is simple equality that we are trying to restore—equality of justice under the law, equality of opportunity, equality of taxa tion.” The North Carolina Association of Credit Women’s breakfast clubs and the Associated Credit Bureaus of North Carolina are holding their conventions concurrently with the Merchants association. A lunch eon and business session was held by the credit women today. Mail Away Copies of Last Sunday’s STAR-NEWS American Legion and Resort Edition Only a Limited Number Are Available Due to Newsprint Shortage. 10 Cents Per Copy Circulation Department MAIN FLOOR Merchant Ousts 20,000 Squattersi With Sulphur NEW YORK, June 16 —W— Tired and homeless, 20,000 squat ters swarmed on a Brooklyn drug store today, and only strong sul phuric measures dislodged them. A. M. Miller, store owner was disturbed to find yesterday tha; a display window had been taKcn over by thousands of busy, buzz ing bees. A kind-hearted man, but no apiarian, Miller called the police. “Sorry,” said a desk lieutenant. “Bees are out of our jurisdiction. Try the Fire department.” “Bees?” asked the fire depart ment. “Out of our jurisdiction. Try the Park department.” “Bees!” exclaimed the Park de partment. “That’s all right. They’re only tired. They’ll be gone tomorrow, you just wait and see.” But they were still around this morning — and showing unmis takable signs of doing some per manent building. Miller decided to take things into his own hands and retired to his back room. He emerged with a noxious mixture from which sulphur fumes boiled. Within a few minutes the home less streamed off, like a tiny cloud. Gibson Seeks Settlements Government Moves In To Effect Quick Peace; Rail Embargo Threatened NEW YORK. June 16 — (fP) — CIO seamen tied up shipping at many of the nation's busy ports with an unprecedented sit-down to day, and Assistant Secretary of La bor John W. Gibson arrived here from Washington seeking a “quick and immediate conclusion’’ to the stoppage. Gibson, former head of the Michi gan CIO, arranged to leave by plane for New York and said he expected to confer with both man agement and labor representatives tonight. Federal conciliators Fred Living ston and William N. Margolis meanwhile announced indefinite postponement of sessions with ship owners and representatives of the National Maritime union, the Am erican Communications association and the East Coast division of the Maritime Engineers Beneficial as sociation. Joseph Curran. NMU president, predicted that if union demands were not met by owners, 1,150 ships would be affected in a few days by the “no contract, no work” dis pute in which four other CIO unions are involved. Curran said 500 of the affected ships were in East Coast ports and predicted the national total would jump to 2,000 soon if negotiations with tanker companies were unsuc cessful. Men Aboard Ships Frank J. Taylor, president of the American Merchant Marine insti tute and chief negotiator for East and Gulf Coast operators, said re ports indicated seamen were aboard the ships but idle. He in sisted the stoppage was a “pure, simple, unadulterated strike." Curran’s instructions, effective last midnight when the unions’ con tracts with shipowners expired, di rected the seamen not to sign-on or sail vessels but he said “all crews should remain aboard as long as possible.” Union spokesmen said that if the men were put off the ships, opera tors would be blamed for a “lock See GIBSON on Page Two TOBACCOEXPORTS DROP PREDICTED J. B. Hutson Says Crop Losses May Offset 1947 Business Abroad WASHINGTON, June 16 — (P) — J. B. Hutson, of New York, presi dent of Tobacco Associates, in corporated, and former undersec retary of agriculture, predicted to day “tobacco exports will be less this year than last.” He told a reporter he expected to go to England and France early in July to look into the tobacco situation in Europe. His organization, formed early in April, is financed by growers, exporters and business people of the states growing flue-cured to bacco, he said. W. Clyde Graham, member of the South Carolina legislature, to day said growers have put up $100,000 for the organization’s In vestigation of tobacco markets. Crops Off Some Hutson said: “The way things look now it will be difficult to keep exports of tobacco up to last year’s level. The crops are off some. Maybe exports will drop no mire than production. A lightly smaller crop and a slightly smaller ex port business is the prospect now.”. He said that on his visit to Europe he will check the markets with respect to flue-cured tobac co sales for Tobacco Associates, whose purpose is to promote ex portation of tobacco, further de velop old markets and find new ones. He added that about August 1, the organization will open offices in Raleigh, N. C., where E. Y. Floyd now handles its business. A staff of about five is expected to operate the office, he added. Hutson’s office now is in New York. And So To Bed Proor that the old adage, “Children are to be seen and not heard,” has passed Into that place reserved for old adages is contained in a mes sage from a Star subscriber at Bolton. Last Sunday a wife, mindful of the : '.owness of her hus band, remarked, “You must hurry and dress or we will be late for Sunday School, but I suppose you will do as you please on Father’s Day.” Standing nearby was the small daughter of the family. She respi nded immediately in the cause of the unheeded chil dren: “Mother, please tell me when we will have Children’s Day,” she said.