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Tie Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher_ ‘ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Clasa Matter at Wilming ton- N. C„ Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1878. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or io Advance Combi Star News nation ?W=*,k _» .» « .» * SO 1 Month .. 1-30 l-10 2.15 8 Month* - 3.90 3.25 6.50 < Months ... 7 SO 6.50 13.00 1 Year.."---_15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) SINGLE COPY Wilmington News - 8c Morning Star - „ Sunday Star-News -- IUc By Mail: Payable Strict!* in Advance 3 Months ..8 2.50 82.00 $ 3.85 8 Months _ 5.00 4.00 7.70 ! Year __ 10.00 8 00 18 40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—.85 6 Months—13.70 1 Year—$7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively tc the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. SUNDAY, JUNE 22, 1947 Star-News Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy Industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re source? ‘hrough better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City's In dustrial Agency to attract more in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience.—1 Timothy 3:9. * * ¥ Labor to keep alive in your breast that: little spark of celestial fire, called Conscience. —George Washington. President Rejoins CIO-PAC The Senate of the United States is split by open revolt because President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley labor control bill, thereby refusing to approve an honest, majority effort to return equality in labor-management dealings. As this is written, the upper house is engaged in a filibuster and there is a possibility that the vote may not come until early next week. But the American people know their House of Representatives, in overriding the veto, did its full share in trying to j place some responsibility upon organized labor and curb the damaging abuses it has inflicted on the nation for many years. Mr. Truman said the Taft-Hartley! bill would be unworkable in practice. But the present Wagner act, with or with out the modification of the Smith-Con nally bill, has already proved so. At best, Mr. Truman’s veto therefore would merely return the country from some thing he says would not work to some thing that has not worked. Mr. Truman has lost the votes of those who want fairness—by abolishing the Wagner act—in the nation’s labor dealings. Labor was looking for a man who would not only exercise the veto powers but who could also hold his party in line. Mr. Truman lost the support of all voters who hoped he would'sign the bill and got little in return from the practical unionists. His lengthy explanation, actually politically apologetic in parts, helped insure the open revolt against the most important piece of legislation in years. Because of the pressure from labor, in the form of 800,000 letters, cards and telegrams in his mail room, he failed — —■—■—.—.—<—j—. . ■_ The Merchants' Pledge The North Carolina Merchants as sociation, at its recent convention in Raleigh, unanimously pledged its mem bers to “continue to throw our full weight in the effort to hold down prices.’’ To do this the retailers promised to “continue to instruct our buyers to exercise great care in buying, with an eye to both quality and price, and refuse to buy from manufacturers and suppliers when their prices are too high to enable us to sell at a reasonable profit.” They also gave their formal word to “pass on to our customers the bene fit of every reduction in the price of goods at the supply level. We will con tinue to mark all goods sold by us at the lowest possible price consistent with a reasonable profit.” The resolution, if all merchants live up to it, should be a material means of effecting lower prices. Most are going to maintain the pledge from the standpoint of good 'business alone. The days of the “sellers’ market” are just about over. It is fast re turning to a “buyers” one. With the lush prosperity of war-time wages be coining a thing of the past, consumers are becoming more and more discrimi nating. They are demanding better quality and values. The merchant who makes them available will be the one with the noisy cash register. The one who doesn’t will stand by and watch only the sunlight stream through his store s doors. It is going to require cooperation be tween the manufacturers and merch ants, with neither seeking to gain more than a “reasonable profit” to make this pledge workable. All should realize, including the consumer, that to effect a practical cut in prices at wholesale and retail outlets there must be similar reductions at the manufacturing points. The retailers who keep the resolution will benefit. So will their customers. Those who do not are going to suf fer. But their patrons will not. They’ll simply take their trade to those estab lishments doing their best to contribute, by the most practical means possible, toward solution of the big problem of present day high cost of living. The merchants are to be congratu lated on their pledge. And they must not forget that the buying public is quite determined to en force it. to live up to the standards of states manship required of his high office. He bowed to the threats of a minority. But even more serious than the wel fare of the bill itself is the fact that his veto placed him back with the CIO PAC crowd. A few days ago, Chairman Hartley of the House Labor committee charged that the one document Mr. Truman undoubtedly studied for guid ance—a report on the bill by the Na tional Labor Relations board—was dis torted and strikingly similar to an analysis by the CIO. So, although Mr. Truman wrote the blistering condemnation of the bill, the CIO put the pen in his hand. If he will look back, he will find his presidential fortunes were at their lowpst ebb when he was following the CIO-PAC line. When he moved over to the right his favor with the American people climbed. Now, he has switched left again and only the Senate can cor rect the damage in the labor control bill case. If he continues to follow the CIO PAC, he’s going to come upon a former member of his cabinet—Mr. Wallace— who embarrassed him so much it was necessary to fire him. Today he is in league with Mr. Wallace and others who seek to impose minority rule upon the American people. Mr. Truman has, in the past, called for labor peace. But without this act, the government is powerless to act in dealing with a national strike emer gency. Such inconsistencies can mean but one thing. Mr. Truman’s chances of being re elected in the fall of 1948 will even tually become so small that victory will be handed the Republicans, as it was in the congressional voting in the fall of 1946. Goodbye To Richard, We Hope We thought we’d heard the last about Richard, the stubborn, most unaccom modating doorman, but now comes an item from Los Angeles disclosing that Mrs. Richard Chason has been granted a divorce because her Richard locked himself in his room and wouldn’t open the door. There’s no moral to the little story unless the song put an idea in Mr. Chason’s head. And if that should catch on and spread, just think how much more complicated life is going to be come under some of today’s tune titles. But it did net the Chasons 50 words publicity on the Associated Press wires. Which is considerably more than many couples who’ve been married 50 years ever receive. Make It An Annual Event Selection of “Miss North Carolina Student Nurse of 1947” is progressing so smoothly that success appears as sured in fulfilling the event’s double purpose of formally recognizing Tar Heelia’s most outstanding student in this field and stimulating interest in recruiting more young women for this fine profession. Each of the 39 schools of nursing has or will soon appoint its entry on the basis of personal appearance, apti tude for nursing and spirit of service. They will compete in district con tests and winners in that round will go to Raleigh, where they will be guests of the North Carolina Hospital associa tion for final judging July The competition is being conducted with the dignity it deserves. There is no doubt that the newspaper stories and pictures will be highly beneficial in interesting more young women in nurs ing as a career. It has given the pro fession one of the best touches of color ful, public appeal since the days of the Cadet Nurses in their pretty gray, red trimmed uniforms. The student nurse came in for a lot of glamorous publicity then and she is worthy of just as much today. Like every man, we always pause to give a lingering look to the pictures of “Miss St. Louis of 1947“ or “Miss Apple Blossom of the Year” in their four ounce bathing suits. But “Miss North Carolina Student Nurse of 1947“ is go ing to be just as attractive in her neat, white and freshly starched uniform and pert little cap. The photographs are not going to emphasize sex as much as those of the other “Misses of 1947” but they will convey a wonderful sym bolism of service and encourage greater admiration and appreciation of the nurs ing profession. The contest is good public relations. But there are also other advantages in contributing to the spirit and morale of the young students. So much so, in fact, that it should be made an annual event with the*honors and favors so at tractive that the competition among those in the various schools will become comparable to that of vying for other forms of distinction during their train ing periods. —And No Happy Chandler Though independence is in the offing, India’s troubles continue on apace. At the moment India’s Hindus seems to be having even more trouble with the Moslem League than America’s base ball magnates had with the Mexican League last year. What Others Say Most Newspapers Condemn Veto Of Labor Bill Here is some editorial comment, collected by the United Press, on President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley bill: NEW YORK TIMES — By the course which he has pursued throughout the history of this leg islation, culminating in yester day’s violation of his own pro fessed acceptance of the “verdict of the voters” last November, the President has raised an issue and presented a challenge more im portant than the merits of the bill itself. The house is to be applaud ed. . .The senate cannot do less and still preserve its self-respect. THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS—If the Taft-Hartley bill be comes law, the new Truman arro g;nce will have been rebuked in one instance. That, however, can not be expected te cure the great brain, papa - knows - best state of mind which now afflicts the Pres ident. THE N\ilW YORK HERALD TRIBUNE — Mr. Truman. . .has precipitated a wasting, paralyzing struggle that can only end when a Republican congress and a Re publican president can cooperate to create a coherent administra tion. . THE NEW YORK POST-Harry S. Truman, has demonstrated be yond cavil that he vetoed the Taft Kartley labor bill for one compre hensive, compelling reason — pro tection of the national welfare His veto shows it, his radio appeal confirms it. PM — Republican congressional leaders are saying that there v:il> be no “cooperation or harmony’ with President Truman from now on *k a result of his heart-warm ing fight against the Taft-Hartley bill. All that means a return to the two-party system. That’s all to the good . . . Then the people can know who did what to them —and do something about it at the next election. THE SCRIPPS - HOWARD NEWSPAPERS — Having studied the bill, and th» debates on it in Congress, we think the dangers Mr. Truman professes to fear are highly improbable, and most of them impossible. THE NEW YORK MIRROR- - Truman knew he would veto the Taft-Hartley bill. He vetoed it be fore it wss passed. He chd not need to read ..It paragraph bv par agraph, line by line. He neded cnly to consult Phii Murray and Bill Green. He' needed only to dis cover where Wallace stood, so he could tremble in his shadow. RICHMOND TIMES - DIS PATCH: “Mr. Truman, by a few palably political paragraphs splic ed into 5.000 words of legalistic language. . .encouraged open re volt against the most important piece of legislation in a decade, which he had good reason to sus pect would be passed over his vote. . .Mr. Truman has not lived up to the standards of statesman ship required of his high office." RATjUIGH. NEWS AND OB SERVER: “The Congress should sustain the veto of the Hartlev Taft bill and write another bill that would be directed ag. inst the abuses of labor, without dest ov mg any of labor’s rights. . ,any (Continued on Page 9; Column 2] Y’DON’T SHOOT SANTA CLAUS • _ /I *X The Gallup Poll One-Fifth See Chance Of Unemployment In United States Within Coming Year - ^ Fear Of Losing Jobs Great er In Big Cities Than In Small Towns By GEORGE GALLUP Director. American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J„ June 21—One person in every five in the non-farm population of thee United States thinks there is a chance that he or the breadwinner on whom the family depends will be unem ployed within the n£xt year. That is shown in a coast-to-coast survey conducted b ythe Institute as an “index of job optimisms" in the United States today. The most optimistic are the busi ness and professional classes and the white collar workers. Manual workers are the leas toptimistic, the survey shows. The job optimism index was ar rived at by questioning a national cross-section not including farm ers, on tire following: , ’ “During the next year, do you think there is any chance that you (your husband; will be unemploy ed'.”’ The vote: Yes, there is _2l9fc No, there isn't _ 63 No opinion _ _ _16 The 21 per cent indicating a fear of becoming' unemployed were asked: “How great a chance is there— very great, fairly great, or only a slight chance?” . . . Their vote is: Very great chance _6% Fairly great chance _6 Slight chance _ 8 No opinion- 1 21% It will be observed that of the 21 per cent, about half (.12 per cent) think there is either a great or a fairly good chance of un employment. To put it another way, 12 per cent of the total sample of employed people poll ed by the Institute think there is a better than slight chance of los ing their jobs within the next year. How many millions of workers would this be if the percentage are translated into people% The most recent report on the labor force tvas issued by the Census Bureau, covering tha week of May 4-10. At that time there were 49,370,000 persons 14 years of age or over gainfully employed outside of agriculture industries, and the number of unemployed was approximately 2,000,000. If the worst fears of the 12 per cent mentioned above are realized, then the number of un employed would be approximate ly trebled, assuming that none got other jobs. The survey found wide differ ences in the degree of job optim ism among various occupa tional groups. Of the professional and business people, 'which includes proprietors, only about one in ten thinks there is any chance of being out of work within a year. Among manual workers, on the other hand, more than' one in four expressed fear of unemployment in the coming year. The results of the survey by occupational growls: An Chance of Unemployment? No Yes No opin Prof. & Bus. -11% 83% 6% White Collar ..17 70 13 Manual Workers _€8 51 21 In general, there is less opti mism in cities of over 500.000 population than in smaller cibes. people polled in cities of half a Twenty-six per cent cf employed million or mere said there was a chance of unemployment within the next year," as compared to 20 (Continued on Page 14; Golumn 7) ONE EMPLOYED PERSON IN FIVE THINKS THERE IS A CHANCE THAT HE WILL BE L UNEMPLOYED WITHIN THE NEXT YEAR. *™V£LTsr,c , The Gallup Poll has conducted a survey on job optimism, or the percentage of employed people who think they will lose their jobs during the next year. Some of the results are illustrated above. Around Capitol Square Unjustified Imprisonment Payment Act Put Into Use By LYNN NISBET RALEIGH, June 21. Paroles Commissioner Hathaway Cross has held two hearings on claims for compensation for unjustified imprisonment under terms of a 1947 act, but the case for which the bill was originaiiy passed is not scheduled for hearing until next Friday. That is the case of Hamp Kendall of Caldwell county, wrongly imprisoned some years ago for a crime which it later was positively proven he did not com mit. At one stage of legislative procedure it looked like the bill might be made to apply only to Kendall. As finally enacted, how ever, it opens the way for any person wrongfully imprisoned to file claim for compensation. The two cases previously heard were those of Gus Langley, sentenced to death for murder in Buncombe county and later pardoned upon conclusive evidence he could not have committed the crime; and Victor Fowler, convicted of bank robbery at Denton, a crime for which later several others confes sed. LIMITED — Amount payable under the bill is a maximum of $500 a year for time served and not to exceed a total of $5,000 to any one .person. Payment of any amount is optional with the gover nor and council of state after in vestigation and recommendation by the paroles commissioner. Cross has recommended that Langley be paid, but the council of state has not acted on the mat ter. Money to meet allowed claims must come from the contingency and emergency fund. which already has more than it can car ry. SOVEREIGNTY — The 1947 act was the first step ever taken to enable the state to compensate wrongfully imprisoned citizens. Traditionally the attitude has been that the State is sovereign and can do no wrong. This same attitude has made it difficult for claimants to collect for property damage oc casioned by state agencies, although every general assembly in recent years has tentatively ap proved payment of numerous claims upon finding of fact that 1Behind_Jhsj^ British Favor Marshall Pla, BY DEWITT MACKEXn, AF Foreign Affairs An?* This column recent!-- * ' tention to the fact tna?1'581 rent investigation 0f V "E Cl and control of the b - England's Sodahsi ^ launched some time a,'e&*l an outcry amoi t Com and fellow traveiei tation of newspaper! V _:e***i causing uneasy spec "as * whether this indieate* ,a* leftist tendency b\ a ;UrH ment. ' S°ver We now have a sc , , ification of the govt. .^.'„‘a- c!| icies in British Foreie VlS p! Ernest Bevin's blir.eri sleeve” speech in corny , ^ ing Russia blunt a[ th *' ls of international u-isiii? S'° Prime Minister A'y»ey ?ni1 anti-Russian speech 'bef?1 miners’ rally in B -. rnslev L in which he declar'd ••• ’°d». called democra-r ^vnnmJ1 a travesty” in everal . of Eastern Europe.” " ri* Devin—one of hr rmy .... ken of England’s n orpubli'| ures - flatly declared against “one - party • (Totalitarian). He said he «2 regret a conflict behvee- id? gies “but if it hs forced 1 we must face it " He didn't b lietee that in the long ru ‘ ’ western world would be ® ferers in event of a conflict \ cause the many dictato-,".* have tried to suppress iibe-v the world have ' >d. It was a figh'itier speech wm was a direct challenge to ‘ sive Communism and to the°t*i tics which that ism has been J ploying in Eastern Europe I would seem to Hue Britain n squarely with America, The of battle over this issue has bee thrown down. An interesting aspect of ft: fiery pronouncement is tha* jt w, delivered while London and Par: were awaiting Moscow’s reolv * the joint Anglo-French invitatio to Russia to ion in drafting program of aid for Europe j„ „ cordance with U. S. Secretary a State Marshall's program for (g nomic rehabiliation. British new papers deduced from the tone o Bevin’s speech that France a« England had made up their mindt to go ahead wiih the task lij, down by Marshall irrespective) whether the Soviet Union decide to participate. In effect it semi notice on Moscow to fish or ett bait. | Devin made it clear that in in | augurating this program hi wouldn’t tolerate any such deity as those which caused the recer Moscow conference of the 1 Four foreign ministers to tail;: efforts to write the all-imporln German peace treaty. Th» •.« ern allies charged that Russia obstruction w as to blame for tk, failure. “I fient six weeks in Moscw ■trying to get a settlement.'’ Bevij told commons in his speech Thurs day night. “I shall not be a parti to holding up the economic rec«i ery of curope. . .” The British Press generally p proved of Eevin's call for sped, an exception being the Comm® ist Daily Worker which eharaclri ized it -as an “1111111131110)" Ol course obstruction to cause delay has been a favorite Comnunii weapon in many recent instants where delays in rehabilitation k vored the Red ism. Bevin’s dramatic pronouncfr ment of policy was accompanitd by a speech by Anthony Edf: conservative party spokesmt: which brought Britain's two tttir political parties into complete sol idarity as regards General Mar shall’s proposal. Eden charged Russia w-ith flagrant interference with the right of Eastern Euro pean nations to govern them selves. Of the American econoiti! program the former British fe eign secretary sat'd: “This offers the possibility tf creating a new Europe—it is h second chance that so ran; comes. . .When rarely this dB come, it is in the nature oft miracle.” an agent of the state was neg !> ble. The state board of educate and the highway commission art now studying a number of ’hen claims. MILK—The commission author I ized by the last general assembly to study the miik si. ation r North Carolina and make recor mendations for laws to be *.» legislature has been appointed t Governor Cherry. The act i'!t designated some of tiie ex-oftej members and proscribed select*1 of others within narrow 1® talions, but the sixteen-:: an c®’ mission is regarded a - capaLe t doing the job. Properly enough * entire personnel of ‘he comes from the middle part °f , state where botl: pr idu consumption of milk is (Continued on Page 14; < olurnnj Walter Winchell Some Stories From City Rooms No newspaperman ever forgets the zing of getting a story first. . . An editor has pointed out: Read ers forget scoops, but it remains a thrilling event in the memory of reporters responsible for them.” Among our pet tales in the scoop-happy category is the one concerning AP photog Karl J. Eckelund. He photographed the Jap entry into Canton and then began hiking toward Hong Kong, which had facilities for transmit ting his oix to America. . .On the way bandits fleeced him of his money, clothing and camera, but he managed to salvage the films . . .Eckelund swam two rivers. Snipers’ oullets whizzed past his skull many times. He was forced to retur" to Canton. Through it all he preserved his pictures. They were published in Ameri can newspapers months later. Me si gazettes didn't even •credit urn for taking these exclusives! Harum-scarum, news lads who wisecrack their way across the celluloid usually scoop the town - by nabbing the murderer single handed while making monkeys of the sleuths. . .This is a rare event in real life. But it has happened . . .Some years ago a Chicago re porter followed a fleeing bank rob ber into Canada, continued on his trail when he headed for Europe and finally captured him in Ger many. . .Another reporter named Isaac White cracked a murder mystery with some adroit gum shoeing. And the only evidence he had to work with was a button from the coat of the killer. Not all “beats.” however, are flavored with Hollywood’s wow finish. . Carl C. Magee was the newspaperman was later pardoned the spotlight on the politicos in volved in the Teapot Dome scan dal. . .But they were so powerful they managed to railroad Magee to jail on a charge of libel. The nehspr perms n was later par *\ned and turned his editorial guns on the judge in the libel case. . One day the judge attacked Magee (from behind) ip a hotel lobby. Magee fired several - judge without hit4..eg •• And one of the wild - 5 Magee’s best friend. ing to hi? rescue. Probably the ni ' scooper-dooper was e . -l! H. L. Mencken. . Af r,« c‘«* study of maps and s he penned an im;.g ! *cc’’r. of a Russo-Japaia J*® Two weeks later ti tua‘, ,1. story of The battle c most everything Me ten. Before the telepbo * 1 ■,. some New York gaze c' ed trains for relay:: . '5,jMr: Washington when <v ltn\ Bit yarn was scheduled to 1 ea f pJ. one Big Town newsboy 'nl?3-! per couldn’t charter a a. ’ Im aged to beat his rivals He merely hijacked .otej tions char.ered train .,;'t it back to New Yor*. ... Tiien there * the tale ab ' ^ (Continued on Fage H: c°lu’'"'