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Wonting #tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Excepl Sunday a. a Page. Publisher _ Telephone Ail Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Claes Matter at Wilming ton. N. C.. Postoffice Unaer Act ol Congress ot March 3, 1879 ” SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or it Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week _$ 30 $ .25 * 50 1 Month . 1-30 MO 2.15 3 Month. _ 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Month. . 7.80 6.50 13.00 l year _* 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue ol Star-News) SINGLE COPY Wilmington News ... Morning Star ............ 5c Sunday Star-Newa ---- 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly In Advance 3 Months ..$ 3.50 $2.00 $3.85 •8 Months. 5.00 4.00 7.70 j year ... . 10.00 8.00 1$ 40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue ol Star-News) _ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) S Months—$’.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la entitled exclusively tc the use for republlcatlon of all the local newt printed in this newspaper, as well as all Ar news dispatches,___ WEDNESDAY, JULY ", 1947 Star Program Slate ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with Its resources, to In clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy tndustry and S5-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re sources through tetter markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region's recreatloo advantages and Improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina's farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail Inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City’s In dustrial Agency to attract more In dustries. Proper utilisation of Bluettoenthal air port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and Includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING What men want is not talent; it is pur pose; In other words, not the power to achieve, but the will to labor.—Bulwer. Derby “Downs” Well Chosen The general advisory committee ap pears to have made an excellent choice of the Soap Box Derby “downs.” Thir teenth street, northward from Green field, has the advantage for the racers of recent paving and of more open space for spectators than the site of last year’s derby. With southeastern North Carolina towns and cities invited to enter con testants, the “field” promises to be substantially increased over last year, which will mean that additional elimi nation heats will have to be run. The greater open space will prove helpful, pirticulary for supervisors who will be better able to care for entrants and their autos. This is by way of forecasting that this year’s derby, to be held on July SO, will top last year’s race. Wilming ton business firms are pleased with their opportunity to sponsor a racer and several already have named their entry. Furthermore, several of last year’s entries, profiting by the experience they gained then, are busy building new cars which will overcome construction faults that held them back before and are confident of establishing new speed records. As always, the boys themselves must build their own cars. Parental advice is not prohibited, but all actual work on the vehicle must be done by the racer. Wilmingtonians are to witness a stellar juvenile sports event. The boy who tops the list will go to Akron . for the national finals with s fair I chance of returning home with top prize. More About Car Taxes These columns recently noted that Wilmington motor car owners who use their autos sparingly pay in state and federal taxes $51.86 a year. This as sumes gasoline consumption does not exceed seven and one-half gallons a week, and does not include the sales tax on any replacements installed dur ing car overhauls. Heavy as this levy is upon the in dividual, the motor vehicle tax picture is surprising and distressing when it shows the total tax collected from all owners and operators in the state. We are indebted to Mr. Colemon W. Rob erts, president of the Carolina Motor club, for the composite picture. During 1946 Tar Heel motorists paid r $11,132,000 in registration fees alone. In the same year they put up $35,817, 000 in state motor fuel taxes. You and you and you, brothers and sisters, paid into the state treasury $46,949,000 in these two levies alone. Over the country, total special taxes paid by motor vehicle owners amount ed to $2,400,000,000. In the last quarter century we have come to look on motor transportation as a necessity. In light of these figures we would do well to recognize it as a luxury, which it definitely is. Civilization Endangered We wonder if the signifiance of the report of the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists is generally appreciated ? Have we, as a people, read the news dispatches on the report, or the report text itself, with the appre hension it deserves? If we have not we are laying up trouble for ourselves in the future, h or it depends upon what the people of the United States do to encourage their government to force control of atomic energy upon the nations of the world whether the destruction and desolation foretold in the report as an inevitable report of uncontrolled atomic bomb producaion will come or not. During the year tha thas passed since the committee was founded, our hopes for international agreement on control of atomic energy have come to nothing, "says the report. Events during this year, it continues," have emphasized the tragic pertinence of our six-point statement published on Novemmer 17, 1946.” Although the Star published these six points at the time of their release, it is pertinent to repeat them: 1. Atomic bombs can now be made cheaply and in large number. They will become more destructive. 2. There is no military defense against atomic bombs and none is to be expected. 3. Other nations can rediscover our secret processes by themselves. 4. Preparedness against atomic war is futile, and if attempted will ruin the structure of our social order. 5. If war breaks out, atomic bombs will be used and they will surely de stroy our civilization. 6. There is no solution to this prob lem except international control of atomic energy and, ultimately, the elimination of war. Reread the fifth point now. If the scientists are right, it is imperative that atomic control be effectively es tablished, if our society is to survive. The report seeks to explain why the United Nations Atomic Energy Com mission has not succeeded. In part it states the answer thus: “The representatives of great states, while striving to safeguard the peace, have fulfilled their traditional duty to place their own nations in the most ad vantageous position to win the next war. It is useless to proceed further along this path; one cannot prepare for war and expect peace.” However far it goes into the realm of idealism, as contrasted with reali ties, the report states the plain truth of the situation when it says: We believe that the imperative problem of international control of atomic energy must be solved and can only be solved within the context of a general agreement which guarantees a reasonable degree of security to all nations and provides for far-reaching economic and cultural cooperation among nations. Such a settlement is not possible if the respective peoples are concerned exclusively with the se curity and welfare of their own coun tries.” . pbviously there can be no reason to hope for permanent and secure peace unless and until the nations of the world adopt and enforce a code provid ing for complete control of atomic energy and outlaw atomic warfare. Applying An Old Lesson The Wall Street Journal harks back to the early thirties to illustrate a sound view on foreign loans. It asked a banker from the north west why banks in the United States were closing while banks across the Canadian border were remaining open. What follows, the Journal explans, ap plied to banking practices then, not those of today. The question was answered in this wise: an American borrower wanted a loan, not only for seed but for a new bathroom. Because the borrower was influential and perhaps because his wife was a distant kin of the banker’s wife, he got all he asked. On the other hand, the Canadian borrower, stating his similar case, was told, “You get the money for the seed.” On its own account the Journal sagely adds: “Unless this country begins to ap ply that rule to its foreign lending, un less American money goes for the ‘seed’—that is for purposes that will generate production — the American economy is eventually in for the same fate that overtook many liberal bank ers.” This summation, we think, turns a clear light on the principles of the Marshall plan. t ,4s Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK—Henry Wallace has refused to say whether he wrote' certain idiotic guru letters to Prof. Nicholas Konstantin Roerich, the Russian painter, orientalist and interna tional political adventurer. I will therefore now prove the existence of a new deal cabal which revolved, or spun, aoout Roerich un'il, finally. Wallace suddenly snapped out of his own dizzy whirl in 1935, while Roerich was carrying a mission to China and Mongolia for the Department of Agriculture. It will be necessary for the reader to pay close attention to keep the relationships straight. Louis L. Horch, at present the regional di rector of the Department of Commerce for the states of New York and New Jersey. wRh offices in New York, was a disciple of Roerich. He has stated that this organization, cf which Wallace was certainly a familiar if not formally a member, was a cult and that the faithful regarded Roerich as God Al mighty. He compared Roerich to Father Devine, tie Negro cultist, whose followers believe that he is God! The idiotic guru letters' which turned up in the 1940 presidential campaign as ma terial intended to discredit Wallace, express reverence for Roerich and indicate that the writer had consecrated himself to a holocaust by means of which the, as it were, dross would be burned off mankind and a fine sur viving race would be produced. The Russians called their massacres a liquidation, the Ger mans called theirs a purge. Both were re gional This holocaust was ‘o purify mankind and therefore was intended to sweep the whole world. Wallace sent Roerich to As’a. ostensibly to hunt grass seed, in 1934 and canned him by cable in 1935. Horch later testif’ed that there was talk in the cult of a scheme to make Roerich “head” of an independent state of Siberia The guru letters were written before 'Wallace sent Roerich on the trip, in contem plation of the Siberian project. In 1938. Wallace appointed Horch, the chief disciple of the old cult. *o the position of senior marketing specialist ot the Department of Agriculture, with offices in New York. Horch had spent more than $1,000,000 as angel or sucker for Roerich’s cultural and spiritual promotions and. in that experience, he had adopted a spiritual pseudonym, “Logvan ’ Wallace knew him as a fellow-traveller in Roerich’s queer circle during the years of heir joint interest. Horch continued to work for the Department of Agricu’lurc until 194?, by which time Wallace was vice president. In Feb. 1942, shortly after Pearl Harbor. Wal lace’s spiritual comrade was transferred to the Board of Economic Warfare as assistant chief in the New York bureau. Horch was steadily promoted and reached the status of chief of the requirements and -■ipply division in the New York office of the Foreign Economic Administration in 1914. On March 2. 1945. Wallace became Secretary of Commerce. Roosevelt, wno appointed him, by this time knew all about the :diotic guru letters, about Wallace's association with Roerich and about Henry’s interest in esoteric or mysterious religions and the old, discredit ed pseudo-science of astrology. Nevertheless, Roosevelt fired Jesse Jones from the position of Secretary of Commerce to vacate the job for Wallace. Roosevelt thus would have placed Wallace in charge of the Reconstruction Fi nance Corporation. This is not only the “biggest bank in the world” with the power to wreck the United Sta+es and the capitalistic world, but it is absolutely autonomous and absolutely irre sponsible. Its powers are so great and its affairs so intricate and mysterious that a person disposed to abolish the capitalistic civilization and the national boundaries which pro*ect the United States from the parasitism and warlike envy of the backy ard breed*, could accomplish these purposes as chief of the R.F.C. Congress refused to confirm Wal lace for the post of Secretary of Commerce until the powers of the R.F.C. were separated from the job. In the fall of 1946, shortly before President Truman finally fired Wallace as Secretary of Commerce, Wallace raised Horch to the most powerful position he had ever held in the government. Wallace made him regional di rector. He still holds that job although Wal lace is out. Wallace, meanwhile has been tour ing Britain, France, and the United States preaching an indefinite message which advo cates the appeasement of Russia as a means of avoiding war even though this would sub ject millions of human beings to the nolocaust of the purifying fires mentioned in the idiotic guru letters. As to whether Horch, so long a government official, is still devoted to the spiritual mystery cr confusion that first brought him and Wal lace together there is no guidance beyond Horch’s word. His word certainly is not al ways credible. He recently told me, in person, in my office, that he never had subscribed to any of Roerich’s mysterious preachings but was interested in his paintings and culture. He scoffed at Roerich’s mysticism and oc cultism. Further investigation proved that Horeh was a devotee, that he and his wife both addressed Roerich and his wife as their spiritual parents and Roerich was “the mas ter’ and that Horch. finally involved in a financial dispute with his old guru, or master intellect, said the circle rvas a spiritualist cult and said Roerich was just like Father Devine. So. whether or not Wallace wrote the idiotic with Roerich and his circle of disciples during •a period when Wallace’s protege, Louis L. Horch, would have us believe that the faithful were held in a spiritual thrall by oriental makeup and hocus-pocus. This discussion and proof of a political sub sidy extended to this oriental mystical ad venturer in high American politics, will con tinue tomorrow. Quotations In the development of any industry, the first aim is the benefit of mankind.—Chen Li-fu, Chinese leader. Without the Soviet Union the United Nations Organization would be much stronger and more effective than it is today. Without the Soviet Union it would be a world military al liance of free peoples against all aggression. —Sen. James O. Eustland (D) of Mississippi. Committees have their proper places in working out co-ordinated policies, but when It comes to day-to-day decisions a single ad ministrator is so far superior there is no comparison.—General Eisenhower. AS GREATEST FLOOD IN 103 YEARS HIT ST. LOUIS HERE’S AN AERIAL VIEW OF SUBMERG ED RAILROAD YARDS and roundhouse of Mis souri-Kansas and Texas City System (top), caught in the greatest Mississippi River flood to hit the St Louis area in 103 years. Army engineers contin ued to call for volunteers in the fight to save fal tering levees, mainly on the Illinois side of the riv er across from North St. Louis. Bottom, sandbags are transferred from an Army barge to a highwe. y patrol truck to be rushed to critical points along the levees in the Choutea Island, 111., area hit by h igh flood waters. Hundreds of persons have been driven from their homes and farms. (Internation al Soundphoto). The Book Of Knowledge (Department: — SCIENCE) MOLECULES IN MOTION As told in yesterday’s article, there are three forms or states of matter—solids, liquids and gases. The way in which the molecules of a substance stick together de termines its state. They stick to gether tightly in a solid, not so tightly in a liquid, and very loose ly or not at all in ? gas. Heat can change a solid into a liquid, and a liquid into a gas, for heat causes the mosecules to vibrate faster and faster and thus to break apart. The molecules in different sol ids herd together in different ways. Many substances, such as ice, diamonds and rubies, are what we call crystals. One of the most remarkable things about a crystal is its beau tifully regular geometrical shape. If you take a piece of salt, drop it on a piece of dark paper and look at it with a powerful magni fying glass, you will see that salt crystals are perfect little cubes. Sugar crystals likewise come in regular shapes, though their shapes are not usually as regular as those of salt. This regularity of shape oi a crystal means that in the solid form the molecules can stick to gether only in certain positions. You cannot imagine a lot of bricks making a firm wall unless the bricks are stacked neatly. To get a clearer idea of the regularity of the molecules in a crystal, it will help to have a Chi nese checkerboard in front of you. It is easy to fill the shallow holes with marbles and form them into triangles or parallelograms. To make a square, corresponding to the little cubical salt crystals, you will have to put marbles only in every other hole. If you move the board carefully, the marbles stay in their holes. You are seeing how a solid crys tal behaves. Each molecule may Molecules in crystals arrange themselves in definite positions, resulting in many lovely patterns. Many solid substances are what we call crystals—such as Ice, sugar, salt, diamonds and rubies. wobble or vibrate a little, but does not get out of its place. Shake the checkerboard a little harder, and some of the marbles will come out of their holes and run into new holes. There must be just the right degree of motion to make the marbles run from one hole to another without rolling off the board. This is a very impor tant thing to notice, for it tells you that the molecules of a crystal must possess just exactly the right degree of heat «Br motion) to cause melting; most crystals melt exactly at a certain tempera ture. Take tha board and shake it quite hard. The marbles fly off the board in all directions. They are now behaving as molecules would in a gas. and the only way to keep them from leaving the board is to put a high rim around it. This shows why a closed tank must be used to store gases. When Lewis Vs. Taft - Hartley BY PETER EDISON WASHINGTON. — Hottest topic of conversation in Washington to day is what John L. Lewis will try. It would give Lewis and the ley labor law. As usual Lewis is playing his cards pretty close to his chest, so nobody really knows. p,ut every labor lawyer .in town is experting the situation, with seme amazing deductions. Most hopeful possibility is for Lewis and the operators to get tegether and make a new con tract. The Taft - Hartley amend ments to the Wagner National Labor Relations Act don’t take ef fect till Aug. i!3. Any new one year agreement made between Lewis and the coal operators could therefore disregard entirely these new restrictions. This solution is about the only hope for peace in the coal indus try. It would give Lewis and the operators time to work out a new contract under the Taft-Hartley law. Chances for this happy solution are considered slim. It will be re called that Lewi* took a terrible beating from the government earlier this year, a court injunc tion to force the United Mine Workers to live up to terms of the so-called Krug-Lewis contract. The union and Lewis were both fined. Giving the Taft-Hartley bill the worst possible interpretation it might be possible for Lewis to tie up coal production for a year or longer, acting within the law. Lewis’s contract with tne gov ernment expired June 30. The mines returned to private owner ship. But there is no contract be tween the union and the opera tors. Negotiations to write a new new contract between the union ar.d the operators broke down last month when it was decided to wait and see what Congress did about the law under which the contract would have to ba written. The operators had never accept ed the Krug - Lewis contract, so there is no chance of its being continued. There is likewise no chance of going back to the 1945 'i contract between Lewis and tfie operators. There is also no chance for the government to get another injunc tion against the United Mine Workers union. The reason is that the Smith-Connally law which au thorized the government to seize a struck industry also expired on June 30. Only way out of that sit uation would be for Congress to repass the Smith - Connally Act. The government would then have to seize the mines again and re sign the Krug - Lewis contract, which nobody wants. The miners are on vacation till July 7. But the contract under which they worked expired June 30. It is a tradition of the UMW that its members do not work un less they have a contract. So, without actually going on strike, the miners could just “stay away from work” until a new contract was signed or until the Taft-Hart ley amendments go into effect Aug. 23. In the meantime, however, an other section of the Taft-Hartley law setting up a new, independent Federal Mediation and Concili ation Service, would come into play. It goes into effect immedi ately. Under this section the Serv ice would try to bring the miners and operators together to write a a coal tie-up was interfering with new contract. Or if the President decided that commerce or impaired national health and safety, he could ap point a Board of Inquiry to study the issues. This might take a month. After the Board had made its report, the President would be empowered by the Taft - Hartley law to direct the attorney general to ask the courts for an injunction prohibiting the miners from strike rs- If the injunction were grant ed, the miners might ask for a stay of execution, and if that were granted they could take the case for to the court of appeals and Supreme Court. That might tie up 1he whole business in a test case for a couple of years. How the injunction might work if granted will be reviewed in tilt next dispatch. the gas is to be used, a valve is opened and the molecules rush through a pipe to the place where they are to be used. It is the motion of molecules of superheated steam which drives a steam locomotive. When the engi neer opens the throttle, or valve, the molecules rush to the cylin ders where they bang against the piston. They push the piston, and its movement makes the wheels go around. (Copyright, 1946 by the Grolier Society Inc., based upon The Book of Knowledge) (Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Tomorrow:—Why Americans Cele brate 4th of July. SEE AMERICA FIRST The States of Arizona, Arkan sas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine and Michigan, Minnesota, Mis souri, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennesse and Utah all have ad vertising plans inviting vaca tioners and travelers into their states to see the sights and en joy the hospitality, climate, lux uries and sports, ^ach of these states claim they have everything that is worth while seeing in any part of the country. According to Advertising Age, a total of 39 states East, West, North and South will spand $4, 000,000 in advertising during the coming months.—Sanford Herald. GOB HUMOR Her lips quivered as they ap proached his. His whole frame trembled as he looked into her eyes. Her chin vibrated and his body shuddered as he held her close to him. The moral: Never kiss a girl in a jep with the engine running.— Take-Offs, U. S. S. Valley Forge. The Doctor Say»— MENTAL DISEASES ' USUAL IN OLD AGE By WILLIAM A O’BRIEN. M. B Most admissions to hospitals 'a, mental diseases are aged persons. During 1945 more than 50 per rent of all patients who entered Worcester State Hospital, Ma^a. chusetts, were over 60 years .j^ Mental disease which accord panies old age is more commo: ;n women. It tends to start later and to last longer than hardening the arteries of the brain whir;, lt more common in men. in either disease the condition may star' suddenly or slowly and loss of the mental faculties is present. With the increase in the span 0( human life today, larger numberi of individuals are reaching i.jso age periods in which men . ! di sease is more common. Most in. stitutions in this country report more first admissions for seniie dementia and arteriosclerosis 0f the brain than for any other dis ease. Since many of these pa tents require oniy nursing care, sp. ciai units are being developed to hous. them in connection with la gc hospitals. Mental disease which vos-.-lts from old age is preceded by the usual physical and mental de. terioration which comes with ad vancing years. A change in tor. tune, a death in the family, an in. jury or moving away from the old home may precipitate the break. Men who contract mental dis ease from hardening of the art. eries can develop the condition in the forties and fifties. Disease often is precede^ by headaches, dizziness, and sometimes bv con vulsions. Patients may show signs and symptoms of hardening of the arteries elsewhere in the body. Many elderly persons with men tal illness can be kept at home if suitable provisions are made. In most cases, however, institutional care is the only solution for their problem. Relatives should n o t hesitate to send them to mental hospitals if they are in need of such services as their condition is well understood by those who run these institutions. QUESTION: I had an uncle who stayed with me about fifteen years. About three years ago he , passed away from cancer of the stomach. He often fed my child ren. Could they have contracted cancer from him? ANSWER: No. Cancer is not contagious. McKENNEY On Bridge : By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority Written for NEA Service This is the third of a series of simple plays which too many peo ple miss. Some players lost the contract on today’s hand through carelessness, some through greed. North’s bid over one spade is open to discussion. I do not con sider his hand strong enough to bid three spades. I would prefer four spades rather than three, or maybe two diamonds. In the lat ter case South would have bid two spades and North then could have bid four spades. However, it n the play in which we are more in terested. Declarer lost the first two chib tricks quickly, but he ruffed the third club. Now he thought that his whole problem was to guess the diamond finesse correctly. But why resort to a guess when there is a safe way Vo play it? He should cash the ace of hearts and ruff a heart in dummy. If he tagkes the spade finesse now, West will win, lead bark either the king of hearts or a spade, and declarer still will have to guess the diamond. After ruffing the heart in dum my, declarer should lead a spade and go right up with the ace. Next he should ruff his third heart in dummy, and then lead a spade. It is immaterial now who wins it. In this case West will have to a win, and if he leads back a heart or a club, declarer can ruff dummy and discard a diam t.d from his own hnd. If West leads a diamond, declarer has a f: r'e finesse. WHY WE SAY by ST AN l COLLINS ILL SUWSOM *CITY OF SAINTS* I Montreal, Canada is known as the City ^ of Saints due to the fact so many of its streets are named in honor of the Saints.