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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 02, 1947, Image 4

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Wilmington
Wonting #tar
North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Excepl Sunday
a. a Page. Publisher _
Telephone Ail Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Claes Matter at Wilming
ton. N. C.. Postoffice Unaer Act ol Congress
ot March 3, 1879
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the use for republlcatlon of all the local newt
printed in this newspaper, as well as all Ar
news dispatches,___
WEDNESDAY, JULY ", 1947
Star Program
Slate ports with Wilmington favored
in proportion with Its resources, to In
clude public terminals, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair facilities, near
by sites for heavy tndustry and S5-foot
Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium large enough to meet
needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agricultural and industrial re
sources through tetter markets and food
processing, pulp wood production and
factories.
Emphasis on the region's recreatloo
advantages and Improvement of resort
accommodations.
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina's farm-to-market and primary
roads, with a paved highway from Top
sail Inlet to Bald Head island.
Continued effort through the City’s In
dustrial Agency to attract more In
dustries.
Proper utilisation of Bluettoenthal air
port for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hospitals, and Includ
ing a Negro Health center
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation of City and County
governments.
GOOD MORNING
What men want is not talent; it is pur
pose; In other words, not the power to
achieve, but the will to labor.—Bulwer.
Derby “Downs” Well Chosen
The general advisory committee ap
pears to have made an excellent choice
of the Soap Box Derby “downs.” Thir
teenth street, northward from Green
field, has the advantage for the racers
of recent paving and of more open
space for spectators than the site of
last year’s derby.
With southeastern North Carolina
towns and cities invited to enter con
testants, the “field” promises to be
substantially increased over last year,
which will mean that additional elimi
nation heats will have to be run. The
greater open space will prove helpful,
pirticulary for supervisors who will be
better able to care for entrants and
their autos.
This is by way of forecasting that
this year’s derby, to be held on July
SO, will top last year’s race. Wilming
ton business firms are pleased with
their opportunity to sponsor a racer
and several already have named their
entry.
Furthermore, several of last year’s
entries, profiting by the experience they
gained then, are busy building new
cars which will overcome construction
faults that held them back before and
are confident of establishing new speed
records.
As always, the boys themselves must
build their own cars. Parental advice
is not prohibited, but all actual work
on the vehicle must be done by the
racer. Wilmingtonians are to witness
a stellar juvenile sports event. The
boy who tops the list will go to Akron
. for the national finals with s fair
I chance of returning home with top
prize.
More About Car Taxes
These columns recently noted that
Wilmington motor car owners who use
their autos sparingly pay in state and
federal taxes $51.86 a year. This as
sumes gasoline consumption does not
exceed seven and one-half gallons a
week, and does not include the sales
tax on any replacements installed dur
ing car overhauls.
Heavy as this levy is upon the in
dividual, the motor vehicle tax picture
is surprising and distressing when it
shows the total tax collected from all
owners and operators in the state. We
are indebted to Mr. Colemon W. Rob
erts, president of the Carolina Motor
club, for the composite picture.
During 1946 Tar Heel motorists paid
r
$11,132,000 in registration fees alone.
In the same year they put up $35,817,
000 in state motor fuel taxes.
You and you and you, brothers and
sisters, paid into the state treasury
$46,949,000 in these two levies alone.
Over the country, total special taxes
paid by motor vehicle owners amount
ed to $2,400,000,000.
In the last quarter century we have
come to look on motor transportation
as a necessity. In light of these figures
we would do well to recognize it as a
luxury, which it definitely is.
Civilization Endangered
We wonder if the signifiance of the
report of the Emergency Committee
of Atomic Scientists is generally
appreciated ? Have we, as a people, read
the news dispatches on the report, or
the report text itself, with the appre
hension it deserves?
If we have not we are laying up
trouble for ourselves in the future, h or
it depends upon what the people of the
United States do to encourage their
government to force control of atomic
energy upon the nations of the world
whether the destruction and desolation
foretold in the report as an inevitable
report of uncontrolled atomic bomb
producaion will come or not.
During the year tha thas passed
since the committee was founded, our
hopes for international agreement on
control of atomic energy have come
to nothing, "says the report. Events
during this year, it continues," have
emphasized the tragic pertinence of
our six-point statement published on
Novemmer 17, 1946.”
Although the Star published these six
points at the time of their release, it
is pertinent to repeat them:
1. Atomic bombs can now be made
cheaply and in large number. They will
become more destructive.
2. There is no military defense
against atomic bombs and none is to
be expected.
3. Other nations can rediscover our
secret processes by themselves.
4. Preparedness against atomic
war is futile, and if attempted will ruin
the structure of our social order.
5. If war breaks out, atomic bombs
will be used and they will surely de
stroy our civilization.
6. There is no solution to this prob
lem except international control of
atomic energy and, ultimately, the
elimination of war.
Reread the fifth point now. If the
scientists are right, it is imperative
that atomic control be effectively es
tablished, if our society is to survive.
The report seeks to explain why the
United Nations Atomic Energy Com
mission has not succeeded. In part it
states the answer thus:
“The representatives of great states,
while striving to safeguard the peace,
have fulfilled their traditional duty to
place their own nations in the most ad
vantageous position to win the next
war. It is useless to proceed further
along this path; one cannot prepare
for war and expect peace.”
However far it goes into the realm
of idealism, as contrasted with reali
ties, the report states the plain truth
of the situation when it says:
We believe that the imperative
problem of international control of
atomic energy must be solved and can
only be solved within the context of
a general agreement which guarantees
a reasonable degree of security to all
nations and provides for far-reaching
economic and cultural cooperation
among nations. Such a settlement is
not possible if the respective peoples
are concerned exclusively with the se
curity and welfare of their own coun
tries.” .
pbviously there can be no reason to
hope for permanent and secure peace
unless and until the nations of the
world adopt and enforce a code provid
ing for complete control of atomic
energy and outlaw atomic warfare.
Applying An Old Lesson
The Wall Street Journal harks back
to the early thirties to illustrate a
sound view on foreign loans.
It asked a banker from the north
west why banks in the United States
were closing while banks across the
Canadian border were remaining open.
What follows, the Journal explans, ap
plied to banking practices then, not
those of today.
The question was answered in this
wise: an American borrower wanted
a loan, not only for seed but for a new
bathroom. Because the borrower was
influential and perhaps because his
wife was a distant kin of the banker’s
wife, he got all he asked. On the other
hand, the Canadian borrower, stating
his similar case, was told, “You get the
money for the seed.”
On its own account the Journal
sagely adds:
“Unless this country begins to ap
ply that rule to its foreign lending, un
less American money goes for the
‘seed’—that is for purposes that will
generate production — the American
economy is eventually in for the same
fate that overtook many liberal bank
ers.”
This summation, we think, turns a
clear light on the principles of the
Marshall plan.
t
,4s Pegler Sees It
By WESTBROOK PEGLER
(Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.)
NEW YORK—Henry Wallace has refused
to say whether he wrote' certain idiotic guru
letters to Prof. Nicholas Konstantin Roerich,
the Russian painter, orientalist and interna
tional political adventurer. I will therefore
now prove the existence of a new deal cabal
which revolved, or spun, aoout Roerich un'il,
finally. Wallace suddenly snapped out of his
own dizzy whirl in 1935, while Roerich was
carrying a mission to China and Mongolia
for the Department of Agriculture.
It will be necessary for the reader to pay
close attention to keep the relationships
straight.
Louis L. Horch, at present the regional di
rector of the Department of Commerce for
the states of New York and New Jersey. wRh
offices in New York, was a disciple of
Roerich. He has stated that this organization,
cf which Wallace was certainly a familiar if
not formally a member, was a cult and that
the faithful regarded Roerich as God Al
mighty.
He compared Roerich to Father Devine, tie
Negro cultist, whose followers believe that he
is God! The idiotic guru letters' which turned
up in the 1940 presidential campaign as ma
terial intended to discredit Wallace, express
reverence for Roerich and indicate that the
writer had consecrated himself to a holocaust
by means of which the, as it were, dross
would be burned off mankind and a fine sur
viving race would be produced. The Russians
called their massacres a liquidation, the Ger
mans called theirs a purge. Both were re
gional This holocaust was ‘o purify mankind
and therefore was intended to sweep the
whole world.
Wallace sent Roerich to As’a. ostensibly to
hunt grass seed, in 1934 and canned him by
cable in 1935. Horch later testif’ed that there
was talk in the cult of a scheme to make
Roerich “head” of an independent state of
Siberia The guru letters were written before
'Wallace sent Roerich on the trip, in contem
plation of the Siberian project.
In 1938. Wallace appointed Horch, the chief
disciple of the old cult. *o the position of
senior marketing specialist ot the Department
of Agriculture, with offices in New York.
Horch had spent more than $1,000,000 as angel
or sucker for Roerich’s cultural and spiritual
promotions and. in that experience, he had
adopted a spiritual pseudonym, “Logvan ’
Wallace knew him as a fellow-traveller in
Roerich’s queer circle during the years of
heir joint interest. Horch continued to work
for the Department of Agricu’lurc until 194?,
by which time Wallace was vice president.
In Feb. 1942, shortly after Pearl Harbor. Wal
lace’s spiritual comrade was transferred to
the Board of Economic Warfare as assistant
chief in the New York bureau.
Horch was steadily promoted and reached
the status of chief of the requirements and
-■ipply division in the New York office of
the Foreign Economic Administration in 1914.
On March 2. 1945. Wallace became Secretary
of Commerce. Roosevelt, wno appointed him,
by this time knew all about the :diotic guru
letters, about Wallace's association with
Roerich and about Henry’s interest in esoteric
or mysterious religions and the old, discredit
ed pseudo-science of astrology. Nevertheless,
Roosevelt fired Jesse Jones from the position
of Secretary of Commerce to vacate the job
for Wallace. Roosevelt thus would have placed
Wallace in charge of the Reconstruction Fi
nance Corporation.
This is not only the “biggest bank in the
world” with the power to wreck the United
Sta+es and the capitalistic world, but it is
absolutely autonomous and absolutely irre
sponsible. Its powers are so great and its
affairs so intricate and mysterious that a
person disposed to abolish the capitalistic
civilization and the national boundaries which
pro*ect the United States from the parasitism
and warlike envy of the backy ard breed*,
could accomplish these purposes as chief of
the R.F.C. Congress refused to confirm Wal
lace for the post of Secretary of Commerce
until the powers of the R.F.C. were separated
from the job.
In the fall of 1946, shortly before President
Truman finally fired Wallace as Secretary of
Commerce, Wallace raised Horch to the most
powerful position he had ever held in the
government. Wallace made him regional di
rector. He still holds that job although Wal
lace is out. Wallace, meanwhile has been tour
ing Britain, France, and the United States
preaching an indefinite message which advo
cates the appeasement of Russia as a means
of avoiding war even though this would sub
ject millions of human beings to the nolocaust
of the purifying fires mentioned in the idiotic
guru letters.
As to whether Horch, so long a government
official, is still devoted to the spiritual mystery
cr confusion that first brought him and Wal
lace together there is no guidance beyond
Horch’s word. His word certainly is not al
ways credible. He recently told me, in person,
in my office, that he never had subscribed
to any of Roerich’s mysterious preachings but
was interested in his paintings and culture.
He scoffed at Roerich’s mysticism and oc
cultism. Further investigation proved that
Horeh was a devotee, that he and his wife
both addressed Roerich and his wife as their
spiritual parents and Roerich was “the mas
ter’ and that Horch. finally involved in a
financial dispute with his old guru, or master
intellect, said the circle rvas a spiritualist
cult and said Roerich was just like Father
Devine.
So. whether or not Wallace wrote the idiotic
with Roerich and his circle of disciples during
•a period when Wallace’s protege, Louis L.
Horch, would have us believe that the faithful
were held in a spiritual thrall by oriental
makeup and hocus-pocus.
This discussion and proof of a political sub
sidy extended to this oriental mystical ad
venturer in high American politics, will con
tinue tomorrow.
Quotations
In the development of any industry, the first
aim is the benefit of mankind.—Chen Li-fu,
Chinese leader.
Without the Soviet Union the United Nations
Organization would be much stronger and
more effective than it is today. Without the
Soviet Union it would be a world military al
liance of free peoples against all aggression.
—Sen. James O. Eustland (D) of Mississippi.
Committees have their proper places in
working out co-ordinated policies, but when
It comes to day-to-day decisions a single ad
ministrator is so far superior there is no
comparison.—General Eisenhower.
AS GREATEST FLOOD IN 103 YEARS HIT ST. LOUIS
HERE’S AN AERIAL VIEW OF SUBMERG ED RAILROAD YARDS and roundhouse of Mis
souri-Kansas and Texas City System (top), caught in the greatest Mississippi River flood to hit the
St Louis area in 103 years. Army engineers contin ued to call for volunteers in the fight to save fal
tering levees, mainly on the Illinois side of the riv er across from North St. Louis. Bottom, sandbags
are transferred from an Army barge to a highwe. y patrol truck to be rushed to critical points along
the levees in the Choutea Island, 111., area hit by h igh flood waters. Hundreds of persons have been
driven from their homes and farms. (Internation al Soundphoto).
The Book Of Knowledge
(Department: — SCIENCE)
MOLECULES IN MOTION
As told in yesterday’s article,
there are three forms or states of
matter—solids, liquids and gases.
The way in which the molecules
of a substance stick together de
termines its state. They stick to
gether tightly in a solid, not so
tightly in a liquid, and very loose
ly or not at all in ? gas. Heat
can change a solid into a liquid,
and a liquid into a gas, for heat
causes the mosecules to vibrate
faster and faster and thus to
break apart.
The molecules in different sol
ids herd together in different
ways. Many substances, such as
ice, diamonds and rubies, are
what we call crystals.
One of the most remarkable
things about a crystal is its beau
tifully regular geometrical shape.
If you take a piece of salt, drop
it on a piece of dark paper and
look at it with a powerful magni
fying glass, you will see that salt
crystals are perfect little cubes.
Sugar crystals likewise come in
regular shapes, though their
shapes are not usually as regular
as those of salt.
This regularity of shape oi a
crystal means that in the solid
form the molecules can stick to
gether only in certain positions.
You cannot imagine a lot of bricks
making a firm wall unless the
bricks are stacked neatly.
To get a clearer idea of the
regularity of the molecules in a
crystal, it will help to have a Chi
nese checkerboard in front of you.
It is easy to fill the shallow holes
with marbles and form them into
triangles or parallelograms. To
make a square, corresponding to
the little cubical salt crystals, you
will have to put marbles only in
every other hole.
If you move the board carefully,
the marbles stay in their holes.
You are seeing how a solid crys
tal behaves. Each molecule may
Molecules in crystals arrange themselves in definite positions,
resulting in many lovely patterns. Many solid substances are what
we call crystals—such as Ice, sugar, salt, diamonds and rubies.
wobble or vibrate a little, but does
not get out of its place.
Shake the checkerboard a little
harder, and some of the marbles
will come out of their holes and
run into new holes. There must
be just the right degree of motion
to make the marbles run from one
hole to another without rolling off
the board. This is a very impor
tant thing to notice, for it tells
you that the molecules of a crystal
must possess just exactly the
right degree of heat «Br motion)
to cause melting; most crystals
melt exactly at a certain tempera
ture.
Take tha board and shake it
quite hard. The marbles fly off
the board in all directions. They
are now behaving as molecules
would in a gas. and the only way
to keep them from leaving the
board is to put a high rim around
it.
This shows why a closed tank
must be used to store gases. When
Lewis Vs. Taft - Hartley
BY PETER EDISON
WASHINGTON. — Hottest topic
of conversation in Washington to
day is what John L. Lewis will
try. It would give Lewis and the
ley labor law. As usual Lewis is
playing his cards pretty close to
his chest, so nobody really knows.
p,ut every labor lawyer .in town
is experting the situation, with
seme amazing deductions.
Most hopeful possibility is for
Lewis and the operators to get
tegether and make a new con
tract. The Taft - Hartley amend
ments to the Wagner National
Labor Relations Act don’t take ef
fect till Aug. i!3. Any new one
year agreement made between
Lewis and the coal operators
could therefore disregard entirely
these new restrictions.
This solution is about the only
hope for peace in the coal indus
try. It would give Lewis and the
operators time to work out a new
contract under the Taft-Hartley
law.
Chances for this happy solution
are considered slim. It will be re
called that Lewi* took a terrible
beating from the government
earlier this year, a court injunc
tion to force the United Mine
Workers to live up to terms of
the so-called Krug-Lewis contract.
The union and Lewis were both
fined.
Giving the Taft-Hartley bill the
worst possible interpretation it
might be possible for Lewis to tie
up coal production for a year or
longer, acting within the law.
Lewis’s contract with tne gov
ernment expired June 30. The
mines returned to private owner
ship. But there is no contract be
tween the union and the opera
tors. Negotiations to write a new
new contract between the union
ar.d the operators broke down last
month when it was decided to wait
and see what Congress did about
the law under which the contract
would have to ba written.
The operators had never accept
ed the Krug - Lewis contract, so
there is no chance of its being
continued. There is likewise no
chance of going back to the 1945
'i
contract between Lewis and tfie
operators.
There is also no chance for the
government to get another injunc
tion against the United Mine
Workers union. The reason is that
the Smith-Connally law which au
thorized the government to seize
a struck industry also expired on
June 30. Only way out of that sit
uation would be for Congress to
repass the Smith - Connally Act.
The government would then have
to seize the mines again and re
sign the Krug - Lewis contract,
which nobody wants.
The miners are on vacation till
July 7. But the contract under
which they worked expired June
30. It is a tradition of the UMW
that its members do not work un
less they have a contract. So,
without actually going on strike,
the miners could just “stay away
from work” until a new contract
was signed or until the Taft-Hart
ley amendments go into effect
Aug. 23.
In the meantime, however, an
other section of the Taft-Hartley
law setting up a new, independent
Federal Mediation and Concili
ation Service, would come into
play. It goes into effect immedi
ately. Under this section the Serv
ice would try to bring the miners
and operators together to write a
a coal tie-up was interfering with
new contract.
Or if the President decided that
commerce or impaired national
health and safety, he could ap
point a Board of Inquiry to study
the issues. This might take a
month.
After the Board had made its
report, the President would be
empowered by the Taft - Hartley
law to direct the attorney general
to ask the courts for an injunction
prohibiting the miners from strike
rs- If the injunction were grant
ed, the miners might ask for a
stay of execution, and if that were
granted they could take the case for
to the court of appeals and
Supreme Court. That might tie up
1he whole business in a test case
for a couple of years.
How the injunction might work
if granted will be reviewed in tilt
next dispatch.
the gas is to be used, a valve is
opened and the molecules rush
through a pipe to the place where
they are to be used.
It is the motion of molecules of
superheated steam which drives a
steam locomotive. When the engi
neer opens the throttle, or valve,
the molecules rush to the cylin
ders where they bang against the
piston. They push the piston, and
its movement makes the wheels
go around.
(Copyright, 1946 by the Grolier
Society Inc., based upon The Book
of Knowledge)
(Distributed by United Feature
Syndicate, Inc.)
Tomorrow:—Why Americans Cele
brate 4th of July.
SEE AMERICA FIRST
The States of Arizona, Arkan
sas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine
and Michigan, Minnesota, Mis
souri, New Hampshire, New York,
Rhode Island, South Carolina,
Tennesse and Utah all have ad
vertising plans inviting vaca
tioners and travelers into their
states to see the sights and en
joy the hospitality, climate, lux
uries and sports, ^ach of these
states claim they have everything
that is worth while seeing in
any part of the country.
According to Advertising Age,
a total of 39 states East, West,
North and South will spand $4,
000,000 in advertising during the
coming months.—Sanford Herald.
GOB HUMOR
Her lips quivered as they ap
proached his. His whole frame
trembled as he looked into her
eyes. Her chin vibrated and his
body shuddered as he held her
close to him.
The moral: Never kiss a girl in
a jep with the engine running.—
Take-Offs, U. S. S. Valley Forge.
The Doctor Say»—
MENTAL DISEASES '
USUAL IN OLD AGE
By WILLIAM A O’BRIEN. M. B
Most admissions to hospitals 'a,
mental diseases are aged persons.
During 1945 more than 50 per rent
of all patients who entered
Worcester State Hospital, Ma^a.
chusetts, were over 60 years .j^
Mental disease which accord
panies old age is more commo: ;n
women. It tends to start later and
to last longer than hardening
the arteries of the brain whir;, lt
more common in men. in either
disease the condition may star'
suddenly or slowly and loss of the
mental faculties is present.
With the increase in the span 0(
human life today, larger numberi
of individuals are reaching i.jso
age periods in which men . ! di
sease is more common. Most in.
stitutions in this country report
more first admissions for seniie
dementia and arteriosclerosis 0f
the brain than for any other dis
ease. Since many of these pa tents
require oniy nursing care, sp. ciai
units are being developed to hous.
them in connection with la gc
hospitals.
Mental disease which vos-.-lts
from old age is preceded by the
usual physical and mental de.
terioration which comes with ad
vancing years. A change in tor.
tune, a death in the family, an in.
jury or moving away from the old
home may precipitate the break.
Men who contract mental dis
ease from hardening of the art.
eries can develop the condition in
the forties and fifties. Disease
often is precede^ by headaches,
dizziness, and sometimes bv con
vulsions. Patients may show signs
and symptoms of hardening of the
arteries elsewhere in the body.
Many elderly persons with men
tal illness can be kept at home if
suitable provisions are made. In
most cases, however, institutional
care is the only solution for their
problem. Relatives should n o t
hesitate to send them to mental
hospitals if they are in need of
such services as their condition is
well understood by those who run
these institutions.
QUESTION: I had an uncle who
stayed with me about fifteen
years. About three years ago he ,
passed away from cancer of the
stomach. He often fed my child
ren. Could they have contracted
cancer from him?
ANSWER: No. Cancer is not
contagious.
McKENNEY
On Bridge
:
By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY
America’s Card Authority
Written for NEA Service
This is the third of a series of
simple plays which too many peo
ple miss. Some players lost the
contract on today’s hand through
carelessness, some through greed.
North’s bid over one spade is
open to discussion. I do not con
sider his hand strong enough to
bid three spades. I would prefer
four spades rather than three, or
maybe two diamonds. In the lat
ter case South would have bid two
spades and North then could have
bid four spades. However, it n
the play in which we are more in
terested.
Declarer lost the first two chib
tricks quickly, but he ruffed the
third club. Now he thought that
his whole problem was to guess
the diamond finesse correctly. But
why resort to a guess when there
is a safe way Vo play it? He should
cash the ace of hearts and ruff a
heart in dummy.
If he tagkes the spade finesse
now, West will win, lead bark
either the king of hearts or a
spade, and declarer still will have
to guess the diamond.
After ruffing the heart in dum
my, declarer should lead a spade
and go right up with the ace. Next
he should ruff his third heart in
dummy, and then lead a spade.
It is immaterial now who wins
it. In this case West will have to a
win, and if he leads back a heart
or a club, declarer can ruff
dummy and discard a diam t.d
from his own hnd. If West leads
a diamond, declarer has a f: r'e
finesse.
WHY WE SAY by ST AN l COLLINS ILL SUWSOM
*CITY OF SAINTS* I
Montreal, Canada is known as the City
^ of Saints due to the fact so many of its
streets are named in honor of the Saints.

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