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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 12, 1947, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1947-07-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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filming ton
Horning ^iar
North Carolina a Oideat Dally flewapapar
Published Daily Except Sunday
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fentered as Second Claes Matter at Wilming
ton. N C . Postotfice Urjoei Act ol Congresr
o! March 3. 1878_
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The Associated Preaa !* entitled exclusively tc
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printed In this newspaper, as well as all ar
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Star Program
State porU with Wilmington favored
In proportion with it* resource*, to In
clude public terminal*, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair facilities, near
by sites foi heavy Industry and 35-foot
Cape >ear river channel.
City auditorium large enough to meet
needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Caroline agricultural and industrial re
sources through better markets and food
processing, pulp wood production and
Emphasis on the region’s recreation
advantages and Improvement of resort
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina's farm-to-market and primary
roads, wit* s paved highway from Top
sail inlet to Bald Head inland.
Continued effort through the City’s In
dustrial Agency to attract mors in
Proper utllliation of Bluethenthal air
port for expanding air service.
development of Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hospitals, and includ
ing a Negro Health center
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation of City and County
No one can contemplate the great larts of
astronomy without feeling his own littleness
and the wonderful sweep of the power and
providence of God.—Tryon Edwards.
Drainage Meeting
This meeting scheduled to be held at
Waccamaw school this afternoon for
discussion of a drainage project affect
ing Columbus and Brunswick counties,
North Carolina, and Horry county,
South Carolina, is among the most
constructive steps taken in this area
for many a long day.
The proposal is for a drainage dis
trict in the Waccamaw river area which
would bring many thousands of acres of
fertile farm land under cultivation, and
so increase the agrciultural resources of
Southeastern North Carolina as well
as a portion of our neighbor to the
If carried out, the program -would
include a canal large enough to carry
off any overflow from the river. Cer
tainly it is a worthwhile reclamation
As it is understood the U. S. Engi
neers favor it there is good reason to
hope that federal aid would be made
Residents of the three counties will
watch closely for the decision of the
conferees at today’s meeting.
The Teacher Shortage
As a class, New Hanover County
pubic school teachers, having standard
qualifications, are to receive an aver
age increase in their monthly salary
amounting to $54. This is near the
30 per cent advance approved by the
recent General Assembly.
Small as it is, and we still contend it
is inadequate in view of the responsi
bilities teachers must accept, the New
«• Hanover group is to fare much better
than thousands of teachers throughout
■’ the country.
Not all state legislatures have taken
I action similar to that at Raleigh.
If this were not the case there would
. not now be a shortage of at least 250,
000 teachers ’ in the nation’s public
school system. With the prevailing
low wages, there is no inducement to
young men and women to take up
teaching as a career.
, In announcing this huge shortage,
Mr. Willard S. Givens, executive sec
retary of the National Education Asso
ciation, told the three thousand dele
gates attending the association’s an
nual convention n Cincinnati that school
standards have been lowered because
•of the necessity of employing many
emergency teachers, and that “instead
ytt fewer than w# had last year we ac
tually have more, and are dropping the
standard still further in some places in
order to get teachers at all.”
The shortage is worse in rural areas,
where 52 per cent of American children,
go to school, and, while on a nation-wide
basis city schools are better off because
of higher salaries, “I could name you
a lot of cities gravely short of qualified
The Star has long insisted that no
profession calls for more intensive
training or aptitude than pedagogy.
Parents surrender their children to the
care and guidance of teachers for the
major portion of their formative period
of life. The influence of the school is
second only to that of the home in form
ing habits of good citizenship and gen
eral usefulness. In many instances the
school is the only source of proper juve
nile development, with so many homes
either broken up or n’aces of evil asso
ciations. Yet. when the time comes to
compensate teachers, parents and their_
legislators fight every effort to raise
wages sufficiently to include even the
normal comforts of life.
Just because it has always been so,
since the first public schools were open-i
ed over bitter opposition, is no reason
why it should continue to be so. The
education association is doing the right
thing in determining to prosecute an
intensive campaign to force teacher
salaries up to a living wage.
Because the tobacco farmer realizes
the importance of foreign trade in set
ting the price of his product, it doesn’t
appear necessary to urge him to vote
for a small assessment to help finance
promotion of foreign markets.
But because so many are indifferent
to the vote, it does appear in order to
remind him to cast his ballot in the
referendum Saturday.
This election will be conducted to de
termine whether he shall assess him
self 10 cents an acre for the next three
years to support the sound program of
Tobacco Associates, Inc., a non-profit
organization formed sometime ago to
support old and develop new outlets for
the flue-cured leaf overseas. If two
thirds of the growers approve, and we
believe they will, then Tobacco Asso
ciates will step up its program im
So, if your livelihood depends on the
golden leaf, vote!
Military Consolidation
Chairman Gurney of the Senate
Armed Services committee stretches his
imagination, we believe, when he de
clares the National Defense Act of
1947, which has been approved by the
Senate is necessary to save the United
States from destruction when and if
a future war strikes. When and if an
other war comes it is more probable
that success will rest with the nation
that strikes first with A-bombs or
other, more destructive, weapons. At
least this is the opinion of the experts
who seek to have atomic energy out
lawed in warfare.
The Senate’s approval of the con
solidation of American armed forces
does not represent an unmixed bless
ing. Theoretically it should result in
greater coordination of the Army,
Navy and Air Forces. The big ques
tion is whether any individual could
envision the tremendous picture of
battle involving all three services, and
plot a joint campaign for them which
would bring out the greatest possibili
ty of each for success, could be an
swered only by test in emergency. If no
such person existed, the answer would
come too late.
However, in the past, as was demon
strated in the late war, there has al
ways been a certain amount of confu
sion among the services. If the new
plan, which has still to be acted upon
in the House of Representatives could
coordinate the fighting of all armed
branches, there would seem to be no
reason for not accepting it, even with
out a true genius in military affairs
at the top.
This view is supported by the pro
vision which sets up a war council with
the Secretary of National Security at
the head and including in its member
ship the professional chiefs of the three!
military establishments.
The House may accept Senate lead
ership in this measure, and so Presi
dent Truman will have achieved a
notable victory for his legislative pro
gram. On the other hand, the repre
sentatives may find too great similar
ity with the German General Staff in
the consolidation proposal and insist
that our military departments continue
under civilian chiefs, as they have for
many years. In this case they will vote
consolidation down. g
A Tactical Error •
President Truman says he will veto
the tax reduction bill again. The an
nouncement can ha,ve but one result.
The republican majority in Congress,
thus forewarned, will redouble their
efforts to build up sufficient voting
strength to override the veto.
The President in effect challenges
them to do just that. There are plenty
of signs they will accept the challenge.
As Senator Millikin of Coloroda, who
is floor-managing the measure in the
upper branch of Congress, told report
ers, this is the first time he ever heard
of a President vetoing a bill in advance.
We take it the senator was hot under
the collar at the time. It is to be as
sumed that other senators were, and
still are, in the same frame of mind.
Whether the Senate will sustain or
down the coming veto, the bill having
already been passed by the House of
Representatives by a wide margin, the
fact is indisputable that Mr. Truman
made a tactical error in giving advance
notice of his intention.
The Marshall Challenge
Day by day it becomes clearer that the
Marshall challenge has done more than any
thing else since the liberation to change the
mind and stir the spirit of Europe. Just the
suggestion tha‘ they could do something for
themselves, plan for their own future, was
like the opening of a dead-end street for the
nations of that continent. Instead of making
them fear for their sovereignty, it revived
the fading hope of independence. It is a sum
mons to cooperation, a sudden revelation tfl
the weak that they migh: develop strength
in combination; instead of deepening the di
vision, it is actually the first move to give
Europe a sense of integration and show up
the ersatz character cf the Iron Curtain.
The states in the Soviet zone that do not
accep* the invitation to Paris majce it very
apparent that they would if they could. Even
the Moscow-sponsored Governments chafe at
the bit. With all their reservations. Commu
nis; leaders in Italy and France, Togliatto,
Thorez and Duclos, dare not openly oppose
their Governments on this issue. So besides
offering the countries this side of Russia a
new way out of their difficulties, the Mar
shall proposal must also cause rifts in the
Soviet entourage and considerable uneasiness
in the Kremlin.
Of course the European rations dislike de
pendence on the United States. The Haves
are never popular with the Have-Nots. It was
mainly to avoid further separate appeals to
Washington for aid that the British and
French Governments grasped at the chance
to participate in g general recovery plan.
But what Mr. Molotov forgot in his dark
warnings against dollar domination was that
the border states see in this plan a possible
escape from complete dependence on Russia,
which thev dislike even more. Or perhaps
he remembered it too well.
There are many signs of the change In the
European outlook. Some observers believe
that the Germans, expecting to benefit by the
East-West rupture, are chuckling over the
Sovie* refusal to cooperate in rebuilding the
economy of Europe. If this were true, if the
Germans chuckled every time the victors dis
agreed. they would be less miserable than
they appear to the traveler in that dismal
land Th fact is that they do not rejoice at
a division that cuts the country in two and
dim* the prospect of unification and peace.
Onlv the politicians are really in’erested in
anything beyond the day’s necessities, but the
ordinary German is as gloomy at the thought
of a battle line drawn through Germany as
is every other European at the idea of a con
tinent divided against itself. The relief of
the Western states over the decision of
Cec.noFiovakia is the measure of their desire
for reccnciliation.
The Germans see one effect of the Mar
shall initiative, however, in the stiffening at
titude of the American representative in the
four-power Kommandatura in Berlin. The
original intention was that the quadripartite
rule of Germany was to be coordinated in
this central control commission. But almost
at once the four zones developed into separate
states, each governed on different lines, and
the Kommandatura became mostly the gov
ernment of Berlin. The zonal governors con
tinued to meet regularly at the headquarters
n -he former People’s Court and administra
tive disagreements seemed to be Ironed out.
This show of agreement was hailed as a
good augury, but now it is stated that the
concord was the result of "a series of con
cessions in the interests of quadripartite har
mony ’’ It is no surprise to hear that the
concessions were to the Soviet point of view,
and that the Russians, in this ease supported
by the French, nave thereby succeeded in
gaining control of the city government. Ap
parently the Americans are tired of this pol
icy. A report published in this paper yester
day said their "Military Government officials
indicated that they had given in for the last
time to the Russians in the Kommandatura."
Ther*. does not seem to be much connec
tion between this and reports from Washing
■on that, despite the President’s appeal Con
gress is unlikely to act in this session on
the Stratton bill to authorize the admission
mio this country of 400.000 displaced persons
Yet Congressional reluctance to move in this
matter Inevitably brings up the auestion
whether the change wrought by the Marshall
policy in the mind of Europe, and the Ameri
can mind in Europe, will be matched by a
comparable movement in the mind of the
people at home.
It is unthinkable that American leadership,
at the moment of its most positive influence
on world policy, should not be fully support
ed by the American people, but our delay in
shouldering our share of responsibility in solv
ing one of the simplest and most urgent of
post-war problems raises disturbing doubts.
As lorg as these refugees from Communist
dominated countries are left in camps in Ger
many, Italy and Austria they are an expense
to the American taxpayer and a contradic
tion of all our lofty talk about human rights.
Admitted here under the regular immigration
laws, they will be the charge of relatives,
friends and religious groups. Catholic, Prot
es'ant and Jewish, who have guaranteed to
take care of them.
To leave them for another year, or until
Congress is ready to consider their fate, is
to condemn many to despair and death and
take all the virtue out of our action. Other
nations—Britain, France, Belgium, Argentina.
Brazil—are already doing their part. How can
we expect the world to count on us to sustain
human freedom in Europe when we hesitate
to save these victims who have fallen be
tween two tyrannies?—New York Times.
The trouble with industrial relations in
America is that everyone is looking at the
over-al! oicture and criticizing the other fel
low insteaa of applying themselves to straight
ening out their own plant problems.—Walter
W. Cenerazzo, president American Watch
Makers Union.
- ----1 I
< HEW t-tEH! ^
The Book Of Knowledge
This is a mystifying trick. Two
things are needed for it—a hand
kerchief spread out upon the
table, and a quarter laid in the
middle of it. The comers of the
handkerchief are folded down
over the coin, and anyone is per
mitted to feel that it is still there.
And yet, at the conjurer’s com
mand, it passes through handker
chief and table, and is found on
the floor beneath. "Hie handker
chief is shaken out and proves to
be empty. This trick is simplicity
itself—when you know how it is
In the first place, you must
have two quarters as nearly alike
in appearance as possible. Take
an opportunity beforehand quietly
to drop one of these under the
table. The only other thing re
quired is a little pellet of bees
wax the size of a pea. This you
must knead between the fingers
till it is fairly soft, and then press
it against the back part of the
lowest button of either your shirt
or your vest.
To perform the trick, take the
wax off the button, and press it
against one corner of the hand
kerchief which you are going to
use. Then lay the handkerchief on
the table squarely in front of you,
with the waxed corner nearest to
tlie right hand. Lay the quarter
on the center of the handkrchif
or better still, let somebody else
do this. Tnen fold down the cor
ners of the handkerchief one by
one over the coin, beginning with
the waxed corner and pressing
this down a little, so as to make
it adhere.
This done, ask someone to
How to take hold of the handker
chief in picking it np to shake it
out. . The hidden coin, adhering to
one waxed corner of the handker
chief, is quickly drawn into the
right hand and quietly disposed of.
make sure, by feeling through the
handkerchief, that the coin is still
there. Each person who does so
presses the wax a little closer.
“Now, ladies and gentlemen,”
you say, “I am going to make
the quarter ppss right through the
table.” Blow upon the center of
the handkerchief, saying, “Pres
to, pass!”
Then, hooking the first and sec
ond fingers of each hand inside
the nearer opening of the hand
kerchief, draw the two comers
smartly apart, one in each hand,
ana shake it out. The coin, ad
hering to the handkerchief, is
drawn into the right hand.
“Look under the table, and see
whether it has gone through,” you
say, and while general attention
is occupied by looking for and
picking up the other coin, you will
have ample opportunity to get rid
of the one in the hand.
Of course, we are not bound to
make the coin pass “through the
table.” We may order it to pass
Fast One By Railroads
WASHINGTON, American rail
roads are about to get one of the
fastest, biggest trainloads of
power in their history.
It will be made legal if Con
gress passes the so-called Reed
Bulwinkle bill which would give
the railroads almost absolute au
thority to enter into combinations
to fix their own rates, determine
what part of the rate each carrier
shall receive, what time the trains
run, over what routes they
operate, what claims they pay,
what equipment shall be built and
how it shall be used—practically
free from any government regu
lation in the puolic interest.
Instead of having to ask the In
terstate Commerce Commission
for approval of the billion-dollar-a
year rate increase the Vailroads
are now seeking, they would
simply have to tile notice of what
their proposed new rates are. If
the I. C. C. did not find withih
60 days that the proposed
schedules were not in conformity
with transportation policy as set
forth in the Interstate Commerce
Act, the rates would go into effect
automatically the there would be
little that the government could
do to change the situation.
All this would be done under an
innocent-looking amendment to
the Interstate Commerce Act. It
was sponsored originally two
years ago by Democratic Con
gressman Alfred L. Bulwinkle of
North Carolina. This year Re
publican Senator Clyde Reed of
Kansas took it up. It has passed
the Senate. 60 to 27. It passed the
Democratic House last year 27.7
to 45 and will probably go B-lining
through this year’s Republican
House by an even bigger majority.
The only possibility of flagging
this legislature express lies with
Father Time himself. Congress is
now' highballing down the track,
trying to make adjournment on
schedule July 26. The House In
terstate Commerce Commission is
just concluding hearings on the
Keed-Bulw'inkle bill. The House
can’t vote on the measure until
testimony of these hearings is
printed. That may take a week.
There may be a delay of a few
days while other bin* on the
crowded calendar are handled.
If Congress doesn’t complete
action before July 17, the Presi
dent can kill the hill by a pocket
veto—refusing to sign it before
Congress adjourns. That’s the
only chance.
The railroads have put this bill
over on Congress with one of the
most high-pressure lobbying cam
paigns ever seen in Washington.
This lobbying was not done by
railroad employes directly. It was
done by bringing to Washington
important people from congress
men’s home towns. These people
had been thoroughly sold on the
railroads’ desire for passage of
the Reed-Bulwinkle bill.
In addition the railroads had
nearly 1000 local Chambers of
Commerce, business o r g a n i
zations, farm organizations, ship
pers’ organizations and even state
and local government officials file
petitions with Congress, favoring
the Reed-Bulwinkle bill.
Yet if the Reed-Bulwinkle bill
becomes law, the power of the at
torney-general to take action
against the railroads would be
limited to appearing before the I.
C. C. and protesting against any
of the agreements he did not like.
Even if the I. C. C. should not
approve any of the articles of as
sociation or agreements on rates
and services filed by the rail
roads, there would be no penalty
provisions a n d no damages. For
the most unconscionable conspir
acy conceivable against the public
Interest, the carriers would get off
scot-free. The only requirement
would be that they amend the
articles of agreement.
Railway executives have claim
ed that, in being required to sub
mit their basic inter-carrier agree
ments to the I. C. C., they are
submitting to government reeu
The fallacy of that argument is
that the last thing the railroads
want is government regulation. If
the railroads were willing to sub
n-.it to government regulation
they would accept it under the
anti-trust laws now in force. Tnis
they do not accept. When thev
accept that, they’ll be ready to
accept government •wnership.
Th°t will be never.
under a candlestick, into a vase
on the mantelpiece, or even into
somebody’s pocket. We simply
place Sic duplicate quarter be
forehand where we intend that it
shall be found, and alter the com
mand accordingly. It is difficult,
of course, to place the quarter in
a person's pocket without his
knowledge. A good way to do so
is to draw his attention away
from the place where you put the
coin by slapping him heartily on
the back while you slyly “plant”
the coin.
(Copyright, 1946, By The Grolier
Society Inc., based upon The Book
Of Knowledge)
(Distributed by United Feature
Syndicate, Inc.t
MONDAY: — Origin of the Boy
On Bridge
♦ Q 10 2
*AK 10 5
A 8 5 4 2
¥ 10875
♦ 64
* A 10 6
V J32
♦ A98
* Q J 4 3
Tournament—Both vul.
South West North East
Pass 1 ♦ Double Pass
2 N. T. Pass 3 N. T. Pass
Opening—* K 12
America’s Card Authority
Written For NEA Service
Those who are interested in
learning how to play better
contract should actually lay the
cards out on the table before read
ing a bridge article. How often
people say, “I remember your face
but I cannot recall your name.”
Similarly, if you want to remem
ber a bridge hand, you httve to
see it in front of you. Then some
day in the future a similar com
bination of cards will come up in
a game, and you w-ill remember
the play.
In today’s hand South should not
win the spade until the ’-hi.vn
round, and then he should lead
the deuce of nearts. West ptob
ably will play low, and the trick
is won in dummy with the queen.
At this point, South might lead a
small heart from dummy to rtis
jack. West will win with the ace,
and then it will bp impossible for
Letter Box
To the Editor:
I like nothing better than 8
ly argument, and I arr.
ly happy that my statement'
which I labeled Social Secuv- '1
being such with the secjr.-v"
ped off has drawn fire. Of r—in"
1 am ready to carry the a.n-~,e
on. but it might m.ear. ^
my “douting Thomases
them some outside
which I will now do. J- - V
Flynn, speaking through"" •
columns of the Readers d ’ =
May last, page 5, has :-e"fov?!
ing to say:
“Let us have a look at the -
honesty in the federal oil ’ ;J’
pension plan. The origins
posed to lay a tax of 2 p* c?.‘*
of the wages a year on — l','
pioyer and employee 11 pt"
each) beginning 1937; .3 ‘se.l
in 1940 ; 4 per cent in u- 5
cent in ‘46 and 6 per ce i- ^
at which point it would re-jV
However, in ‘39 Congress, cV.
vinced that the rates we.-.
ivfe, froze the tax at 2 pr 'ct‘
and has repeated this a .
year since (week before -s- si,
unless action is aken ‘ - ; !’
2 per cent as aforesaid), extor .i
ate high rates will go m.m e*;{.
next year.
“Had Congress not steeped it
the government would have c 0 -
lected 16 1-2 billion dollars s -c#
1937 out of which it would "hat,
paid only one and one-half b.ikon
in pensions. The govern® e*r\
would have collected las: yet- '
old-age taxes three billion do.V,
out of which it would have pa d
only $320 million in benef.-.s T-.ul
Congress saved the workers jm
employers over seven billion do!
lars in social security taxes bv
resisting the demands of the ex
ecutive for higher rates. Even a
tyle 2 per cent rate at which Ccr
gress has held the tax since ',937
the government has collected
nearly nine billion dollar- 0f
it has borrowed seven and one.
half to pay running experts it
the government. Instead of social
security for the workers this !oo<s
like political security for the poli
Anent the manner in which our
government has handled our old
age pension funds (and it goes
for unemployment compensation
funds as well) the editors of tin
Readers’ Digest have this to say;
“Since the inception of the plan,
$7.50 of each $9 paid by the e®.
ployes and employers has be®
spent by the government for other
purposes. An individual guilty 9;
such malfeasance would land in
the penitentiary.”
I reiterate that Congresc should
immediately divorce the Social
Security Board from all connect
ion with the federal treasury ar.d
make this board go into the open
market and buy its securities just
as any other fiduciary is required
to do. As now operated all the
security behind the program is
the power to levy and collect
taxes, and when unemployment
and old-age pensions are most
needed then it would be found that
taxes are the hardest to collec;.
This is just plain commonsensf
in fact, axiomatic.
Oxford, N. C.
priests and students at the Re
demptorrkt Father’s seminary’ say
if they don’t have hot dogs for
dinner for a long time, it'll be
too soon. An electric storm cut off
the seminary’s power for three
days. Regular cooking was halted
and the men were served meal
after meal of weiners cooked »n
an oil burning stove.
Sentencing of LeRoy Gardner, 16
year-old confessed auto thief, had
to be postponed because jailers
couldn’t get him to court. Other
prisoners had jammed the cell
lock and it took a locksmith five
hours to open the door.
S, uxvANE. Wash — (U.R) - A
minor crime wave in the city jail
was halted when jailers retrieved
$8.90 which a pickpocket had '
moved from trusty Milton Scoles'
trousers. The money was found on
another guest of the establishment,
Frank Fallon.
NORMAN. Okla. —(U.R)- Okla
homa’s commerce continued to in
crease in May, when freight car
loadings showed a gain of 6.9 per
cent over a year ago for the sarr-e
period, according to a University
of Oklahoma survey of busir.es*
declarer to avoid losing r*'°
spades, two hearts end a diamorv
The correct play, after win' ■ =
the fourth trick in dummy ■■■'
the queen of hearts, is the iwe “
clubs to declarer’s queen. No-1- 3
small heart should be playeu
which West must play the ace. ’•
dummy plays low. This gives c?'
clarer a spade, three hearts, *
diamond and four clubs for r>
contract. <
_ I — _ 4i- I /•
' The present custom of a married
woman taking the surname of her hu*'
band in marriage originated in Rom**
In those days following the marriage,
11 the woman was known as Maria
P g Augustus, for example. Later, the of
B | droppedAand she^was**addressed
Mma fAng»urtus7

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