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- ■■ —_ A' State and National News
NO. 289. --—
--:-—-r__ WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAy7jULY 24, 1947 “ ^ ESTABLISHED 18B?
WAA Speeds Action
On Airport Deed
transfer Of Bluethenthal To County Await
ing Approval Of Atlanta Office; Page
In Washington To Expedite Case
- - _ *
; Morning Star
[ Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 23—War As
Administration officials said
“ on °n the deed transferring
JL-henthal field at Wilmington
WThe deed has cleared the sur
property agency’s central 0f
■ in Atlanta, the officials in
J^jned Star-News publisher R. B.
pa.c' who is in Washington to
,xp"edite the case.
■phe WAA decided nearly a year
,«o to let the county have more
than t thousand acres of the 1 554
acre field for use as a public air
port, about double its pre-war
size. The county has occupied the
property since on the basis of a
Of the 614 acres added to 4he
airport during its wartime use
as an army base, the county got
523 acres, besides regaining 575
acres leased to the Federal Gov
eminent and 300 acres in ease
ments ,the WAA said.
Seventy acres, ircluding forty
four building, went to the high
school and Wilmington college.
Chadboum Taxi Driver
Shoots Estranged Mate
Keeks To Prohibit Pied
mont From Launching
An injunction which would pro
1, bil Piedmont. Aviation, of Win
i.on-Salem, from launching its
projected air passenger service
into Wilmington is sought by State
Airlines, Inc., of Charlotte, in a
motion now before the United
States Court of Appeals in the
District of Columbia.
The motion, lodged July 18 and
r,o‘ yet ruled upon bv the court,
i;]<s' that Piedmont Aviation be
restrained from initiating opera
tions until an intervening petition
fled by State Airlines has been
Piedmont Aviation on April 7
was given a temporary permit by
the Civil Aeronautics Board au
Irorizing it to launch air service
which would connect Wilmington
with the terminal points of Louis
y lie. Kv., Cincinnati, O., and
Suosequently, on May 8. State
Airlines, of which H. K. Gilbert,
J-„ of Charlotte, is president, fil
ed an intervening petition protest
ing the CAB award and contend
ing that an ' onerating certificate
should have been awarded to
llafe Airlines instead.
The intervening petition had not
been acted upon by the CAB on
June 16. when State Airlines filed
> motion which sought to have *he
aeronautics board accelerate ac
ton in the matter.
The petition for an injunction,
lodged with the United States
dee STATE AIRLINES on Page 2
Warren S. Johnson, State
Asscoiation Prexy, Ad
Depicting the Federal Reserve
system and the Federal Reserve
banks as the balance whel to the
safety and economy of the United
Slates, Warren S. Johnson, pres-j
icent of the Feople’s Savings j
Bank and Trust company, gavej
members of the Kiwanis club yes- j
terda.-, a clear word picture pf
how both systems operate and
their operational setup.
Johnson, who wfe Introduced
ty past-president Emsley Laney
n a close student of banking in
* i its phases ana a man who has
achieved all the honors possible
within the gift of the state asso
ciation membership, spoflre for
fuiiv thirty minutes- on a subject
•' which he is fully qualified.
His talk, which was highly in
teresting througnout, was much
appreciated by the membership.
In his introductory remarks, the
speaker pointed out that the title,
federal Reserve system was in
reality a misnomer, because it is
wholly owned by member banks.
The system, is controlled by a
hoard of governors appointed by
the President of Ihe United States
*nd approved by the Senate.
Declaring that wnile the Federal
Reserve charter is both an elab
orate and unique document, boil
'd down it is simple- to understand
but iron-clad in its ramifications.
Re then went on to discuss briefly
*-■£■ corporate boom o* 1903 and
*ee BANKER on Page Two
South Carolina and North Carolina
'nT v/ith moderate temperatures Thurs
'Eastern Standard Time)
By l . s. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 Lours
♦Hciing 7:3o p m yesterday.
•:3° m. 71; 7:30 a. m. 69; 1:30 p. m.
' i 30 P. m. 76. Maximum 84; Mini
am 67: Mean 75; Normal 79.
30 a m. 90; 7:30 a. m. 87; 1:30 p. m.
':3<J p. m. 76.
olal f1)r 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.
• Wi inches.
Total since the first of the month
tides for today
V Tide Tables published by
S' Coast and Geodetic Survey).
V, HIGH LOW
(r,ngt0n - 2:34 a.m. 9:47 a.m.
3:12 p.m. 10:19 p.m.
•onboro Inlet 12:29 a.m. 6:43, a.m.
c . 1:14 p.m. 7:16 p.m.
5:18; Sunset 7:19; Moor.rise
' R';,p Woonset 11:44p.
fcfceTi.staee at Fayetteville. N. C. it f
.Wednesday 11.0 f^bt.
Mor* WEATHER On Pagt Two
Pretty 23-Year-Old Mother
Of T w o Children In
Special to the Star
WHITEVfLLE, July 23. — The
pretty 23-vear-old wife of a Chad
bourn taxicab operator lay in a
critical condition in Columbus
County hospital tonight with gun
j shot wounds in her stomach while
her husband, from whom she had
been estranged only a few days,
was held in jail without bond.
Victim of a IG-gauge pump gun
blast which tore through her abdo
men, Mrs. Furman (Pauline)
Ward, mother of two small chil
dren, underwent an operation per
formed this afternoon in an at
tempt to save her life.
Chief of Police L. W. Hall, of
Chadbourn, who arrested Ward,
said the taxicab operator rushed
nis wife to the hospital here short
ly after firing upon her, when, in
company with a 19-year-old theater
employe, Bobby Stewart, she en
tered the yard of the Ward home
last night with her two children.
Mrs. Ward’s younger child, a
three-year-old sen, was wounded
in one foot by some of the gun
shot which struck the mother.
Stewart, the theater employe,
who was carrying the other child,
turned and fled with the child down
Chadbcurn's Main street when Mrs.
Ward crumpled to the ground,
Chief Hall said.
Ward was said to have fired at
the fleeing figure, but neither
Stewart nor the child he clasped
in his arms was hit by the second
Reconstructing the episode
through statements obtained from
Mrs. Ward and other witnesses,
Chief Hall said that when the
young wife and her companion
entered the yard with the children
about 10:50 p. m., Ward stepped
from the shadows by the side of
the house and shouted:
‘•I told you I was going to kill
you both- ’
Then, according to the state
ments, Ward fired point blank at
the bewildered woman.
Chief Hall arrested Ward a few
minutes after he reached the hos
pital with his wife.
The taxicab operator is being
held without privilege of bond
pending the outcome of the young
mother’s injuries. Her condition
is regarded grave.
Housing Expediter Ap
proves Personnel For
Local Defense Area
WASHINGTON, July 23— Frank
I! Creedon, national housing ex
pediter today approved a local
rent advisory Doard for the Wil
rrington defense rental area.
The board is composed of five
members recommended to the ex
pediter by Gov. R. Gregg Cherry.
They are J. E. Hollis, welfare
superintendent, chairman; Freder
ick D. Poisson, lawyer, Dr. S. W.
Warshaur, physician, Frederick
Willetts and Linwood D. Latta.
The Wilmington defense area in
cludes all of New Hanover coun
ty, except Wrightsville Beach,
Harbor Island. Carolina Beach,
Kure Beach, Wilmington Beach
and Fort Fisher Beach.
Under the new Jaw, local rent
advisory boards are empowered to
make recommendations to the
housing expediter on:
(1) Decontrol of a defense rent
al area or portion thereof; (2)
the adequacy of the general rent
level in the area; and (3) opera
tions of the local rent office with
particular reference to hardship
Although the act does not pro
See CREEDON On Page Two
Conferees Whip Eight Billion Dollar
Ind^;-idcnt Office Bill Into Shape;
LriC Group Linked In Communist Probe
Committee Told Of Red
Work In State
WASHINGTON, July 23 - (#*)—
| Ann Mathews testified to the
| house UnAmerican activities com
I rrittee today that 16 of 30- officers
of the CIO Food, Tobacco and Ag
ricultural Workers union local 22
at Winston-Salem, N. C.—Of which
she formerly was an officer—were
members of the Communist party
prior to last January.
The committee is investigating
xeports of Communist infiltrations
into unions and is seeking to de
termine whether Communist influ
ences have been at work in the
Winston-Salem local. The local has
teen on strike at the R. J- Rey
nolds tobacco company plant
Miss Mathews testified that the
16 officers to whom she referred
were members of the Communist
party prior to the titpe she quit
holding office in the union in Jan
She also told the committee that
there is a Communist group at
the University of North Carolina
al Chapel Hill and that the group
is headed by Junius Scales, a stu
dent. She said she has attended
Communist party meetings at
which Scales was present.
Among union officials named by
the witness as Communists was
Edwin McCrea, international rep
resentative of the Food, Tobacco
and Agricultural Workers.
Before the hearing opened, Mc
Ciea issued a statement in which
he asserted the committee is try
ing “to break the union.”
He said the committee “is try
ing to do something the richest
and most powerful member of the
tobacco trust could not do. . .”
McCrea said that “all company
attempts to break the spirit” of
the strikers who walked out of the
R. J. Reynolds tobacco company
in Winston-Salem last May. He
“Then someone thought of the
house committee on UnAmerican
activities and the smear was on.
Three disgruntled former employ
See WINSTON CIO on Page Two
MRS. IDA SPEIDEN
TO RETIRE DEC. 1
Executive Secretary Of
Red Cross Tenders Resig
nation To Chapter
Mrs. Ida B. Speiden. execueive
secretary of the Wilmington Red
Cross, for 28 veais. yesterday sub
mitted her resignation, to become
effective on December 1 next.
Thomas R. Orrell, chapter
chairman, yesterday issued a
Mrs. Speiden today placed be
fore the executive committee her
resignation from the post in which
she has so capably served for so
“The committe at first insisted
that she remain with the chapter
and agreed to release her only
when she explained that she felt
the need of rest. It was with deep
est regret that the committee ac
eded to her wish,” he said.
“Mrs. Speiden has been execu
tive secretary of this chapter
since January, 1919,” Orrell said
and has served the chapter and
this community in a most efficient
and worthy way through two world
war periods. She has always taken
a keen interest in the work of the
Red Cross and rendered valuable
and sell sacrificing service. Mrs.
Speiden will continue to take an
interest in the work of the chapter.
Mrs. Edwards Succeeds
“As much as the chapter re
grets the retirement of Mrs.
Speiden, it is very fortunate that
her successor has been chosen in
the person of Mrs. Almeda Stewart
Edwards, a native of Wilmington,
who has served the Red Cross
both in America and abroad
throughout World War II, and
whose husband, Lt. Commander
Edwards, lost his life in the sink
ing of the “Reuben James” in
the early days of the war. Mrs.
See SPEIDEN On Page Two
Can Crow, CoastTo Coast
BY ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, July 23— UP) —
Ihe 1,000,000,000 chickens in the.
rountry soon may have something
they really can cackle and crow
For Rep. Sadlak (R-Conn) has
just introduced into Congress a
resolution calling for a special^
stamp in the chickens’ Honor.
Sadlak did this at the request
ol the Cackle Ana Crow club of
New Haven. Conn. Its members
naturally are quite excited be
cause exactly 100 years ago this
nation had its first poultry show.
Want to talk about progress?
Want to talk about tremendous
achievements^ Well, then, talk
“Like many other immigrants,
says the Department of agricul
ture in a tribute to its feathered
friends, “the modern chicken has
found the United States a land of
And indeed it has. Few chickens
ever think much about it now, but
their ancestors came from the
jungles—from New Guinea, Java
See COUNTLESS On Page Two
“HELLO. MAYOR WHITE?” Above Mayor Raiford Trask of
Wrightsville Beaeh is shown dialing a telephone to put a call through
to Mayor E. L. White of Wilmington. The call, made at 12:01 a.m.
today, inaugurated the new dial system at the beach resort.
“HELLO, MAYOR TRASK?” Mayor E. L. White of Wilming
ton, above, receives the first call put over the new dial system at
Wrightsville from Mayor Raiford Trask of the beach resort. Mayor
White agrees that installation of the new system is another sign of
progress for the coastal section of the state.
TO RECEIVE CASH
Ahoskie Kiwanis Club To
Present $3,200 Check
To Negro Farmer
AHOSKIE, N. C., July 23—(U.R)
—The Ahoskie Kiwanis club tonight
announced it would present a $3,
200 check tomorrow to Harvey
Jones, young Negro farmer who
won a Cadillac automobile in a
Kiwanis lottery but was not al
low to keep it.
The Kiwanians first had ruled.
Jones was ineligible to win the
caT when his number was drawn
because he was a Negro.
Public indignation flared through
out the country and Dr. Charles
W. Armstrong of Salisbury, N. C.,
International Kiwanis president,
“recommended” that the club
give Jones another car.
The 23-year-old navy veteran
said he would prefer the cash. The
Kiwanians had found it hard to
obtain another Cadillac like the
two-tone green sedan and said
they would give Jones a check in
The original car was awarded
on a second drawing to Dr.
Charles Townes, Waverly, Va.,
dentist who already had a 1946
Cordell Williams, Alias
‘The Cat Man’ Freed On
A jury in Superior Court yes
terday afternoon took an hour to
find Cordell Williams, 30, Negro,
alias “The Cat Man,” innocent on
a charge of breaking and enter
Williams, who had been describ
ed by witnesses as a preacher at
tne Negro Holiness church, Sixth
and Brunswick streets, sat in the
courtroom reading the Bible and
fanning himself as the jury delib
The jury received the case after
the lunch recess and following a
morning spent in court instruc
tions, arguments ot the attorneys j
See JURORS on Page Two
Mayors Make Initial
Dial Telephone Call
PHENIX CITY, Ala., July 23
—(JP)—Death finally whipped
Isiah Sims, IJatchecubbee, Ala.,
Negro, today, but the fight went
three long rounds.
Russell county deputy Albert
Fuller said Sims was struck by
a truck, the driver picked up
Sims to rush him to a doctor.
En route the truck ran off the
road and into a creek. Sims
Council Agrees To 35
Year Franchise To Bus
The Safeway Transit company
today has the word of the city
council that it can operate buses
on the city streets on a 35-year
The city council has the word
of representatives of the transit
company that it will not increase
fares if the city does not oppose
the elimination of transfers.
But the council at yesterday’s
meeting did not make that agree
ment without some opposition. As
in previous discussions, Council
man J. E. L. Wade voted in op
position. Wade, in other meetings
had indicated he would vote
against the franchise unless it was
shown to his satisfaction that the
council has full authority under
the law and that the length of the
franchise was of “more reason
The whole maiter is subject Jo
the Public Utilities Commission-.
Attorney Edgar L. Yow, repre
senting the transit firm, said that
no increase in the present five
cent fare will be made—at least
and until given a full hearing be
fore the council.
Mayor E. L. White voted to
grant the franchise after explain
ing that the Public Utilities com
mission has the say in the mat
ter but he wanted the city to
“keep its finger in the pie, if pos
Along The Cape Fear
YELLOW FEVER — In years
gone by Wilmington has been the
scene of terrific yellow fever epi
For some time it appeared that
Wilmington was the homeplace of
the dread disease.
Yellow fever was recorded in
the Port City several times before
Andrew J. Howell, in one of his
books, calls attention to its hor
In 1819, during the summer
months, the disease struck after,
only a short vacation.
At the same time it was ravag
ing other ports on the Atlantic.
Only when the first frost fell in
November did the number of
deaths drop off.
Then in 1820 the “jaundice,” as
it was then called, reappeared.
Again the citizens of the city felt
the full impact of an epidemic.
* * *
HORRORS—But the real horrors
of the disease were made known
to their fullest extent during the
In July, 1862, a blockade' runner
docked here with a sick man
From this “carrier” several
other cases of yellow fever devel
oped. By the end of August the
number of cases had grown
alarmingly and early in Septem
ber the number of fatalities jump
Once again yellow fever was
back. And panic gripped the city.
As Howell described it: “. . .
a great fear seized the people.
Large numbers cf them fled to
distant places and the railroads
were taxed to their utmost to bear
* * *
REFUGE — Many persons took
refuge at the sounds, while at the
time were supposed to be safer
than the city.
Business men came to town late
in the day and left early in the
afternoon. They tried to avoid the
vapors of the cool air of the earli
er and daylight hours, as it was
No one suspected that, the
plague was carried by the mos
quito, and it was nearly four de
cades later that the United States
Bublic Health Service placed the
blame for the fever on the insect.
The plague ontinued on into
October and the sky the entire
S«e CAPE FEAR on Page Two
Trask Of Wrightsville,
White Of Wilmington,
The new dial telephone system
at Wrghtsville Beach was inau
gurated at 12:01 a.m. today when
Mayor Raiford Trask of the re
sort, placed a ca.l to Mayor E. L.
White in Wilmington.
The call issued into service the
new system for some 900 tele
phone subscribers at Wrightsville
Mayor Trask, in' his telephone
call, pointed out to Mayor While
the- advantages of the new system
and stated that it was another
sign of progress for the coastal
section of the slate.
The dial system for Wrightsville
is the result of 12 months of activ
ity on the part of the Southern
Bell Telephone and Telegraph
During that pe’iod lines were
rebuilt, cable added between the
Port City and the resort and a
Teiv switchboard installed. Some
$70,000 were spent, by the compa
ny to make the new service pos
Subscribers in Wilmington and
Wrightsville were reminded of the
change in method of placing calls
between the two communities.
Port City residents should now
dial “8” and then dial the beach
subscriber’s number. And for the
Wrightsville Beach subscriber the
process is the same.
Complete information on the
gee MAYORS on Page Two
Protest Directed Against
Removal Of State
Two resolutions today are on the
records of the city council—one
a resolution of regret and com
mendation; the other a resolution
The protest is directed against
removal from Wilmington of head
quarters of troop B of the state
highway patrol. The other expres
ses regret on the transfer of Col.
B. C. Snow in command of the
Wilmington office of the United
States Army Engineers.
It is in line with a like tribute
passed Monday by the county com
missioners. Colonel Snow leaves
soon for a new post in Guam.
The council will send its reso
lution on the proposed removal
of highway patrol headquarters to
Fayetteville to the head of the de
partment at Raleigh.. A copy will
also go to the governor.
Measure Will Give Air
Force Equal Status
With Army, Navy
WASHINGTON, July 23.—(U.R)—
Enactment of the armed service
unification bill before Congress ad
journs was practically assured to
day when Senate conferees yield
ed to House demands for specific
guarantees that the measure will
not strip the Navy of its air arm,
nor abolish the marine corps’ am
The agreement brone up a two
day conference deadlock that had
threatened for a time to prevent
final action on the controversial
and long-debated legislation be
fore adjournment—now scheduled
The compromise will be sent to
the Senate and House tomorrow
and may be acted upon in both
As approved by the joint confer
ence committee, it provided:
1 — For the first time in Ameri
can military history, an indepen
dent air force with equal status
with the army and navy.
2 — Creation of a single secre
tary of defense, with cabinet rank,
the cabinet posts of secretaries of
See ARMED SERVICE on Page 2
Ask Council To Give Care
ful Consideration Before
« Taking Action
Continuance ot the Associated
Charities was urged yesterday by
Dr. William Crowe, chairman of
the group, and Edgar L„ Yow. at
torney, a member of the hoard of
The two, emphasizing they ap
peared as individuals, came be
fore the city council and asked
that body to give careful consid
eration “before anything drastic
Indications previously have been
made by the council that a pro
posal to consolidate the Charities
with the Welfare Department, is
being considered by both the coun
cil and the county commissioners.
Both speakers pointed out pro
grams of caring for old-age pen
sioners who are not entitled to full
compensation, emergency cases of
destitute families and persons who
have been ejected from their
dwellings, that have been carried
or by the Charities.
The two men jetitioOed that, if
the council does change Ihe As
sociated Charities set-up that the
board of that body “should be put
on adequate notice” as adjust
ments of its affairs “would cause
Folksy Folk To Frolic
At Fancy Flatfoot Fete
ASHEVILLE, July 23—(IP)—Some,
600 mountaineers from the South
ern Appalachian Bal' rd country
whose dancing and singing tracas
back to Elizabethan Epgland ol
some 400 years ago will perform
here for three days beginning to
It’s the 20th annual mountain
dance and folk festival in the city
They’ll come from Jumpoff
Rock, Pigeon Valley, Thickety and
Sinking Waters, in their everyday
clothes, and perform when the
mood take* them. There’s no set
t.me for the festival to start—just
along about suhdown—and no set
p: ogram, as long as the perform
ers and the spectators have fun.
Along about 8 o’clock each eve
ning, however, Eascom Lamar
Lunsford, who founded and directs
the festival in furtherance of his
hobby ol preserving the miinstrel
ry of the highlands, will step on
the stage and call for the organiz
ed team dancing.
Basically it’s the square dance,
but any number of couples may
take part, and the caller himself
dances and asks for any step that
' fee FOLKSY On Page Two
Atomic Energy Commis
sion Granted $175,000,
000 By Senate Group
WASHINGTON, July 23 — (U.R)—
With the adjournment goal only
tiiree days away, Senate and
House conferees today whipped
the year’s biggest single spend
ing bill—the $8.189,122.92'i indepen
dent offices appropriation — into
shape for quick delivery to Presi
Both chambers planned to wind
up action on it tomorrow under
orders from Republican leaders
to give government supply bills a
clear track between now and sched
Most of the money in the inde
pendent offices measure— $6,964.
457, 080 (B)—will go to keep up the
Veterans Administration's vast
GI benefit programs during this
fiscal year ending next June 30
The rest will be spent for a
wide assortment of Federal inde
pendent agencies and bureaus, in
cluding the important Atomic
energy commission. Senate con
ferees finally yielded to the House
in a controversy over funds for
the new commission headed by
David Lilientha], They agreed to
grant it $175,000,000, a reduction of
$75,000,000 below tlie amount pre
viously voted by the Senate itself.
Figures finally agreed on for
the veterans administration were
$20,000,000 greater than those pre
viously voted by the house, but
$21,047,220 under the original Sen
The total amount carried in th«
measure represents an increase of
$21,253,900 over the house-approved
sum, but a reduction of $118,85g,320
'below funds granted by the Senate.
Meantime, the Senate Appropri
ations committee added about
$80.00,000 to fupnds voted by th*
house for foreign relief this fiscal
year, and sent to the chamber for
debate tomorrow a bill carrying
$1,430,361,400 iB) for the adminis
tration’s overseas aid programs.
After the Senate acts, the meas
ure undoubtedly will be sent to
conference. Final action probably
See GI BENF.F1T On Page Two
South Carolina Ports Au
thority Closes $25,000,
000 Storage Deal
CHARLESTON. S C„ July SS
(#j--The South Carolina state ports
authority announced today that it
has concluded artangements to
warehouse and handle between
50,000,000 and 60,000,000 pounds of
Lue-cured tobacco from the Caro
linas and Georgia for export
through the port <f Charleston, be
ginning next month
The huge consignment, which
represents approximately ten per
cent of total tobacco exports from
the United States last year, is val
ued at between $20,000,000 and
Arrangements for arranging and
handling the tobacco were made
by the Tidewater Terminals and
Inland Warehouses, Inc., ol Phila
delphia, a national storage organ
ization. The authority's contract is
with the Charleston Tidewater
Terminals, inc., affiliate of the or
ganisation in tne state.
The tobacco will be stored at
the state terminals at North
Charleston where almost a half
million feet of warehouse space
has been set aside. It will be held
subject to shipment against export
orders to countries throughout the
world. It is anticipated that ship
ments will extend over the next
Arrangements were concluded
after exhaustive tests of local cli
matic and warehousing conditions
were made with a trial car
lead of tobacco stored at termin
al? for the past two months.
Packed in thousand-pound hogs
heads, the tobacco will begin to
move to this port early in August
See CHARLESTON on Page Two
And So To Bed
The news room telephone
rang last night and to the re
porter who answered a little
boy’s voice said, “I saw a fly
ing saucer tonight, a real one.”
“A real one?”
“Yes, a real one. And I saw
it, too. I saw it with my own
“Quite interesting,” encour
aged the reporter, stifling a
"It was this way,*’ said the
little boy’s voije over the wire.
“I was in the kitchen and my
sister was washing the dishes.
And she dropped a saucer, and
that saucer sure did fly.”
And then the little boy hung
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