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T;,e Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page. Publisher _ Telephoned U Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C. Post Office Undej Act of Congress of March a, 1879_ —SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance J Combi ™ .,»s n rs 3 Month** -•• *•£ 3^25 iSo & S3 1 (Above .Les entitle eubscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) -SINGLE COPY — 5c WUnilngton News . Morning Star .—- 1(lf. Sunday Star-News .-. :— - By M.»: P»*W 3S5 ••“J* -""’tS 4.00 7.70 6 Months . - l0 00 8 uQ 15 40 1 (Above "rates" entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star News)_ - WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Mnnths-Sl.85 6 Month*—$3.70 1 YearT_$—1 ” M tTMRFR OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TtojSStS pres* is entitled the use for republic.** of £ printed in this newspaper, as well as news dispatches. __— SUNDAY, AUGUST 1", 1H4‘__ Star-News Program Stats port, with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resource*, to in clude public terminals, tobacco atorage warehouse*, ship repair facilities near by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium targe enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern Nortfi , Carolina agricultural and industna. re- ■ sources through better markets and food ; processing, pulp wood production and , factories. „ l Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort nccommodaiions Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina s farm-to-market and primary •oads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City s In dustrial Agency to attract more in dustries. .. , . Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air- , port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina's health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation ol City and County gov ernments. GOOD MORNING Remove far from me vanity and lies, rive me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me.—Pi ov ert** 80:8. , , . In everything the middle course is best: all thing* in excess bring trouble to men.— Plantns. __ More Opinion Than Facts The Gallup poll has revealed that 33 per cent of those questioned approved the Taft-Hartley law and 39 per cent disapproved. But 75 per cent said they couldn’t think of any particular provision of the law that was especially good and 85 per cent said they couldn’t recall any point that was particularly bad. One might conclude from those figures that never was so much said by so many about something of which so few knew so little. An Unfair Attack The charge made by the Textile Workers union that State Highway patrolmen have violated civil rights of strikers at Rockingham’s Safie mills should disturb anyone with a sense of fair play because the labor organiza tion is apparently guilty of taking pot shots at an innocent group. Why? Because the patrolmen did not go to the mill on their own volition. Rather, they were ordered there by a Superior Court judge to check violence by the strikers and preserve order. This order limited the number of pickets on the line at one time, forbade intimidation and prohibited interference with free egress and ingress at the fac tory. Therefore, the patrolmen are simply agents of the court and, accord ing to our information, their conduct, as such has been good. UDviousiy aroused by the union’s allegations, Commander H. J. Hatcher, of the patrol, issued a statement a few days ago in which he pointed out that his organization has not taken sides in the strike; neither have his officers, “either by word or mouth or intimida tion, said that ‘blood will run’ as the union has charged.” He recalled that on several occasions all patrolmen on special duty in Rockingham have been removed and, without exception, violence has - broken out immediately after their departure. In each instance, he continued, it has been necessary for them to restore order. And, while the union claims there are 50 police officers on duty at Safie, there are now no more than six patrolmen there. From his report, the trouble in the situation appears not inspired by the presence of the patrolmen but in the strikers’ inability to conduct their walk out in an orderly manner. It would Ik betJ ' if they wouTd exercise more dis ■ jgipiL rather than try to compare the patrol to the lata Czar’s troops in at Buchenwald Lives On When General Patton’s gallant Third army drove into Buchenwald and lib erated the remaining tortured and starved prisoners of the Germans, de cent people believed this would mean the close of one of history’s most no torious prison camps. The downfall of Nazism, they said, would end this awful means of express ing man’s brutality to his fellow man. Last week, 22 of the concentration camp’s former attendants were sen tenced to hang and nine others received life or lengthy prison terms for atroci ties committed against the inmates. Included among those escaping the gal lows but ordered to spend the re mainder of her days in prison was Frau Use Koch, infamous for her beastliness while the wife of the late commandant of the prison. Many undoubtedly tnougnt tnis triumph of justice was a fitting way to ring down the curtain on Buchenwald. But, if they read on they came across this matter of fact statement in the Associated Press’ story: “The camp is now in the Russian occupied zone of Germany. Some weeks ago Max Brauer, mayor of Hamburg, reported that the camp had been re opened by the Russians and that 800 members of the German Social Demo cratic party had been confined there on political charges.” Hitler’s authorities established it for political prisoners. But when Gen. Patton’s soldiers walked in amid the stench of death, more than 50,000 per sons had died there. Some had Hen thrown into the man-made hell because of their politics; but many were simply good people the Nazis did i>ot like, be cause of racial or other absurd reasons, and found sadistic pleasure in ending their lives in the most horrible of ways. The outside world heard little about the camp during the Nazi regime. To day it is behind the Soviets’ Iron Cur tain. And political charges are as easy to file under one totalitarian govern ment as another. For all we know, the crimes of most of the 800 now behind Buchenwald’s gloomy walls may be no greater than having belonged to the wrong political party or offended a minor Russian official. Some may be dying under cruel'punishment and the cremation furnaces may be roaring deep into the night again. So, Buchenwald lives on as a dreaded prison. Through its reactivation it may eventually be as notorious under Com munism as it was under German Fascism. The change the Allied victory effected in its status could be only a temporary one. The principle of its existance, with those holding the politi cal upper hand mistreating the weaker in any way they care to, is still the same. The prison may again flourish as a horrible symbol of man’s in humanity to his fellow man. If the Americans who died to throw open Buchenwald’s gates could return, we believe they would ask this ques tion: “What we did didn’t amount to much, did it?” The only truthful answer the living could give would be a negative one. tending to unruly gatherings. The need at Rockingham obviously is for more self control on the part of the strikers and fewer calls for Federal investigation of the patrolmen. Must Be Practical President Truman's admission that he was wrong in believing that the world would be at peace two years after V-J day contributes to the universal pessimism but it does demonstrate his realism toward the tremendous problem of preventing further war. Like most Americans, he is quite practical in his appraisal of today’s troubled scenes. People are still dying at the hands of armed foes in Indonesia, Palestine, Greece, India and Paraguay. A once mighty nation—Great Britain—is in the throes of an economic crisis daily re ducing its good powers as a stabilizing world influence. The split between Rus sia and the Western powers is greater than ever. Yet it was only two years ago that hopes were high that armed conflict was over, if not permanently at least for a lengthy “breathing spell.” With the fall of Japan, the world im mediately looked forward to righting itself without further bloodshed. Yet, blind differences continue to prevail with too many looking upon the gun as the only means of settling their dis putes. Mr. Truman still hopes for world peace. so does everyone else. But the past two years have shown these hopes must be practical to be successfully realized. They are the only kind which will survive in this selfish world. They must be founded on facts and logic, as exemplified in the Marshall draft for European re covery. The theory that all action must be unanimous in planning a real founda tion for peace has been proven unsound through the failures the veto has brought to the United Nations. Majority rule is the practical way to draw the blueprint for a future warless world. But the majority must keep itself strong enough to make the minority realize that armed opposition would be futile. It can best prevent war by keeping well prepared for it. Hot Spell Maybe Washington’s fabulous sum mer heat has something to do with the recessing of the Howard Hughes investigation. One would gather, from reading the charges and counter charges in the testimony, that the heat was particularly noticeable in the Sen ate Office Building’s caucus room. It looks as if folks who buy coal this winter are going to dig deeper than the miners. America is turning out the best jazz musicians, says an orchestra leader. Yeah, and the worst stay here. A New York stenographer is nisrinn with $1200. Sh£ appears pretty good with the touch gyaitem. 40 Cities; 13 Fire Trucks Six Southeastern North Carolina communities are included among 40 in the Carolinas vying for the purchase of 13 government surplus fire trucks from the Charlotte regional agency of the War Assets administration. Because there are almost three times as many bidders as there are vehicles, the WAA priority claimants division faced the impossible problem of making an equitable distribution. It was de cided that the only thing to do is to “determine recipients on the basis of approved needs.’’ The city or town presenting the soundest plea, including convincing facts and persuasive arguments, should ex pect to get one of the $2,133 to $3,882 pieces of fire fighting equipment. The needs of Fayetteville, Fair Bluff, Bladen boro, Southport, and Wrightsville and Carolina Beaches for the trucks are quite acute. For that reason, plus the fact that deadline for purchase orders has been set for August 20, they should lose no time in perfecting their appeals if they have failed to do so. The final request should be in a form which will demand real consideration from WAA officials. It is quite ap parent that the procedure is another example of the best brief winning the equipment for the municipality whicn realized that the sale, other than from the standpoint of prices, is a highly competitive' one. And we hope that each of the South eastern communities will have better luck in its efforts than Wilmington has experienced in its attempts to acquire a government surplus fire boat. No Interference, Please Wilmingtonians aware of the city’s need for regular air routes to and from the westward interior will be glad to learn that Piedmont Aviation, Inc., is completing preparations to begin sched uled service early in September. There are many tasks in setting up a new airline but Piedmont, working quietly and saying little, has cleared practically all the hurdles. Late last week, its president revealed it had ar ranged for the purchase of five DC-3 21-passenger planes and two have been ■ delivered. In addition, the company has another under lease and it is being used for crew training and route survey flights. Only cloud on the horizon is an an nouncement made a few weeks ago by State Airlines, which sought and failed to win CAB certification for the routes, ' that it is seeking an injunction to pre vent Piedmont from beginning opera tions until State s intervening petition has been reviewed. All more interested in better air - service than a controversy between air lines hope that nothing will come of ■ this legal maneuver. But if it is sue- 1 cessful, that State's friendship for Wil mington and the community’s air wel- 1 fare may be accepted at face value, I which would be quite small. And the City of Wilmington, through its Coun- i cil, wculd automatically* be removed from any further obligation of assisting »t as it has done it in the past. THE TALL CORN__ The Gallup Poll High Cost Of Living, Foreign Policy Are More Vital Issues Facing Nation _ w- ■ — ■■ - — — — ■— - Many Americans Are Also Concerned Over The Possibility Of War By GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J., Aug. 16—The high cost of living, foreign policy problems and possibility of another war are the three chief issues facing the country today, in the opinion of American voters. From time to time Institute sur veys are conducted to determine what is worrying the people—what they have on their minds so far as poublic problems are concerned. Voters are asked: “'Whsit do you thinK is the most important problem facing this country today?” The results today are as fol try today?’’ lows: High prices, high cost of living, inflation _2i<j$> Foreign policy, getting along with other na tions, helping Europe __22 Preventing war, working out a peace -21 Strikes & labor problems . 8 Housing_6 Controlling attorn bomb, military preparedness .. 3 Communism _1 Future of the U. N._1 Taxes _ 1 Miscellaneous .._14 Some voters named more than one issue—hence the table totals more than 100 per cent. Today’s issues differ sharply from those of a year ago in a similar poll. Last August the lumber of voters expressing con cern over world affairs totaled inly 16 per cent, whereas today 17 per cent name some item re lated to international atffairs. As for purely national or domestic problems, they were named by 91 per cent a year ago, and by only 54 per cent today. On nearly a dozen occasions during the past 12 years the Insti tute has polled the nation’s opin ions as to whht were the most vital issues facing us. The results give a profile of recent hitory in terms of what interested or worried us as Et> nation. In 1935, when the first poll was takpn, the most vital issue named ay the people was one which does aot turn up at all in the list to iay — unemployment. This re mained in first place until the war -louds gathered in Europe in 1938 and 1839. Then keeping out of IN 1945 V/ V CHIEF ISSUES WERE - 1. POST-WAR JOBLESSNESS 2. ECONOMIC READJUSTMENT 3. STRIKES ' war became the topmost issue in the pinion of the people. During the early war days, be fore rationing, high prices were a major concern, and later under rationing, shortages loomed big gest in the public mind. As the war drew to a close, people be gan to worry most about the pos sibilities of post-war joblessness. A record of the concerns of the people from 1935 to date, as shown by Institute polls, follows. The issues for each year are list ed in the order in which they were named by voters as the most vital facing the country. 1935—U n e m p loyment, govern m e n t economy, neutral ity. 1937—Unemployment, n e u t r al ity, social security. 1939—K e e p i n g out of war, unemployment, b u s i ness recovery, labor troubles. 1943—Aside from winning the war, the chief issues were: high prices, gaso line rationing, postwar problems (such as na tional debt, loss of jobs, taxes), the draft. 1945—Postwar jobs and busi ness read justment to peace, and strikes and .labor troubles were Jewish Train Bombing Said ’Only Beginning’ VIENNA, Aug. 16—(/P)—A com petent American military source said tonight that United States au thorities were “thoroughly con vinced” that the recent bombings of a British leave train and Sach er’s hotel in Vienna were “only the beginning” of Jewish under ground activities against the Brit ish in Austria. The informant, an American of ficer helping the investigation of the train bombing near Mallnitz last Tuesday, said American au thorities had been tipped in ad vance, and were able to arrest Gosior Henoch, Polish Jew and suspected leader of the bomb group, although unable to prevent the actual attack on the train. Between 16 and 24 hours nor mally are required to dry a tea leaf. named most often, aside from winning the war. 1946—High prices, food short ages, maintaining peace, strikes and labor trou bles. January, 1947 — Strikes and labor problems; foreign policy problems, high prices. Behind The KU.., Reds Preparing For Greek Coup) By DEWITT MACK ENT? AP Foreign Affairs AnalVsl There is an ominous Ting ln . Moscow radio’s hint that j»u “i* may sever diplomatic rela-?S‘J with Greece on the strength f allegation that Greek authoViH have “been arresting and , 1 subjecting to torture persons ► ployed by the Soviet embassym' Athens. '' This smacks of Communist m neuvering in preparation j0, :1’ coup which would further jj 1 cow’s aim of securing control the Greek peninsula as a stenl? stone to domination of the East Mediterranean. While RUSse? broad strategy is clear eno‘V the exact meaning of the " tactics is a matter of debate ** Some diplomatic observers • Athens say it’s likely that bo? the Soviet Union and Yugoslav11 are looking for a chance to j,r 'f off diplomatic relations Greece. 1(1 Why? Well, such a break could be a prleiminary to the setting 1 of a Communist government l northern Greece as a rival t0 t? established monarchist regim. t* Athens. Then Moscow andV? Balkan satellites could recogni? the new Red government, peril,?, as a separatist regime or eve, as the government of all Grece The ommunist, of course "ion. have maintained that the' mo? archy is being maintained (with American and British helm against the will of the major? of the people. Prepared To Protect In considering the possibility 0) such a Red coup, one is bound to recall that only last Tuesd'av the American delegation to" the United Nations declared that it the Security council fail* to solve the Balkan problem the United States is prepared *o join with otr.er countries to protect Greece "with in the provisions of the charter" Deputy U. S. Delegate Herschel Johnson gave this warning to Mos cow after charging that Commu nist groups supported by Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria hoped ta set up a totalitarian regime in Greece. Could it be that a severance o) relations with Greece by Moscow is an answer to America? The es tablishment of a Red regime n northern Greece might be followed by a declaration from the Russian bloc that in turn it would protect the Communist Greek government “within the provisions of the char ter. ’ In creating such a government the Communist bloc would mere;* be “legalizing” a situation which already exists, since t h e recent majority report of the U. N. Bah kan border investigation stated that Albania, Bulgaria and Yugo slavia were fostering the Commu nist civil war in the north. How ever, an excuse for greater Red intervention would be provided. That would be playing with high explosive. Still, Russia has made it plain that she isn’t afraid ta handle dynamite if that is neces sary in order to carry out her program of Communist expansion. Moreover, Moscow has been work ing shrewdly through her puppet states. They are her shield in bat tle. In short, if the Western De mocracies should take action against the Red operation in northern Greece they would come up against not Russia but the satellites—the Soviet shield. This is calculated to give the Commu nist bloc what it wants without precipitating another world war— which nobody wants. It is dangerous game but one which bids fair to be played out to some sort of conclusion—risk at no risk. YWCA Secretary Resigns Post; Leaves Oct. 15 Miss Dorothea McDowell, execu tive director of the Wilmington Young Women’s Christian asoci action for the past two and on* half year, presented her resigna tion to the board of director at their meeting on Friday morning, as she has accepted a position with the national YWCA in th* foreign division, as head Of thi YWCA in the two countries of L* banon and Syria. Miss McDowell will be stationed in Beirut, a city of about 110,000, leaving this country on October 15, after several weeks prepara tion at the National YWCA head quarters in New York city. Miss Margaret Schulken, execu tive director of the YWCA of Net burgh, N. Y. has been selected fill this position in Wilmington, and will start work on September 1. Miss Schulken is well known in Wilmington, as it is her former home. She is the daughter of Mr’ Eliza Schulken, and sister of Mr’ Conrad Wessell. Around Capitol Square Highway Patrolmen On Duty 12 Hours Each Day By LYNN NISBET RALEIGH, Aug. 16 Newspaper readers have become so ac rustomed to big figures they don’t nean much until broken down in ;o smaller pieces. So the report >f the Highway patrol that its nembers was on duty an aggre gate of 73,617 hours during the month of July is not as easily understood as to say that means :ach patrolmen was on duty an iverage of a little better than welve hours a day, seven days i week. Likewise total mileage raveled of 727,498 miles is taken n stride until reduced to the fig ire of approximately 100 miles a lay for every day in the month. >uring the 12 hours and in addi :ion to the 100 miles traveled, the latrolmen made enough arests to iverage almost one a day for ;ach man, inspected enough vehi :les to average about seven a day ?ach and examined a like number >f drivers’ licenses. COVERAGE — There are lots of miles of public roads over which patrolmen did not drive, ind many more miles over which they drove many times. Further breakdown of the report shows that on the average a patrolman covered every mile of the prima ry state highway system twice a day during the month. COMITY. — When a newspaper story from Louisville, Kentucky, reached Raleigh some question was raised about why the gove nor of North Carolina should in tervene to help a Virginia horse man get his horses entered in a Kentucky horse show. It develops that the Virginian (George T. Mc Lean of Portsmouth) has a train ing farm in North Carolina, and that many prominent Tar Heels joined in request that Governor Cherry intercede to get the Mc Lean horses admitted to the Kentucky show. Governor Cherry and Governor Simeon Willis of Kentucky are warn personal friends, despite the Republican proclivities of the Kentuckian. McLean and h:s Tar Heel friends set up the contention his horses were being barred because the Kentucky group feared they would wia all til* prize#, Th* Kentucky horse show management has a different story and charged poor sportsmanship to the Portsmouth horsemen. INSURANCE. — Increases ot rates ranging from 10 per cent to 25 per cent in automobile ifir^ theft and collision insurance premiums, coming soon after au thorized increase of about 10 per cent in public liability rates, means that in the aggregate North Carolina automobile owners will pay something more than half a million dollars in additional in surance premiums above last year’s rates. The extra premiums may amount to more than that sum, since the estimate is based on approximately the same busi ness. More cars and application of the new financial responsibility laws combine to tremendously in crease the total insurance carried.' EXPERIENCE. _ There has been some criticism of Insurance Commissioner William P. Hodges approving the increases without public hearing. Hi* decision was based upon ex part* showing by the insurance companies, w h: £ submitted experience rec°,raj Hodges has insisted, along "1 all other advocates of grea' highway safety, that the only^" , to bring down insurance Pre ‘ urns is to reduce traffic acci“e"'’ thereby decreasing the a!J,0'ay the insurance carriers must Pa out. INFLUENCE. — It is alil] early to estimate influence o£ new highway safety codes on^,. surance experience rating jority opinion prevails a”Ye,j students of the problem that w w all phases of the far-reaching • program have become e, e #8U. accidents and rates wih “g. Actually only the financial - sponsibility phase of the 1* ’ ^ now in effect and that has n° j, time to prove itself- n„t nation for driving license "■ be completed for three yearS\,a;e the mechanical inspec££tm_ does not begin until January. ^ Motor vehicle officials repor^ c’r degree of cooperation anaCis. owner# in early stage* « v forcemeat program.