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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 17, 1947, SECTION A, Image 6

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T;,e Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page. Publisher _
Telephoned U Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C. Post Office Undej Act of Congress
of March a, 1879_
—SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER
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printed in this newspaper, as well as
news dispatches. __—
SUNDAY, AUGUST 1", 1H4‘__
Star-News Program
Stats port, with Wilmington favored
in proportion with its resource*, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco atorage
warehouse*, ship repair facilities near
by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot
Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium targe enough to meet
needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern Nortfi ,
Carolina agricultural and industna. re- ■
sources through better markets and food ;
processing, pulp wood production and ,
factories. „ l
Emphasis on the region’s recreation
advantages and improvement of resort
nccommodaiions
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina s farm-to-market and primary
•oads, with a paved highway from Top
sail inlet to Bald Head island.
Continued effort through the City s In
dustrial Agency to attract more in
dustries. .. , .
Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air- ,
port for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina's health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hospitals, and includ
ing a Negro Health center.
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation ol City and County gov
ernments.
GOOD MORNING
Remove far from me vanity and lies,
rive me neither poverty nor riches; feed
me with food convenient for me.—Pi ov
ert** 80:8. , , .
In everything the middle course is best:
all thing* in excess bring trouble to men.—
Plantns. __
More Opinion Than Facts
The Gallup poll has revealed that 33
per cent of those questioned approved
the Taft-Hartley law and 39 per cent
disapproved.
But 75 per cent said they couldn’t
think of any particular provision of the
law that was especially good and 85
per cent said they couldn’t recall any
point that was particularly bad.
One might conclude from those
figures that never was so much said
by so many about something of which
so few knew so little.
An Unfair Attack
The charge made by the Textile
Workers union that State Highway
patrolmen have violated civil rights of
strikers at Rockingham’s Safie mills
should disturb anyone with a sense of
fair play because the labor organiza
tion is apparently guilty of taking pot
shots at an innocent group.
Why?
Because the patrolmen did not go to
the mill on their own volition. Rather,
they were ordered there by a Superior
Court judge to check violence by the
strikers and preserve order.
This order limited the number of
pickets on the line at one time, forbade
intimidation and prohibited interference
with free egress and ingress at the fac
tory. Therefore, the patrolmen are
simply agents of the court and, accord
ing to our information, their conduct,
as such has been good.
UDviousiy aroused by the union’s
allegations, Commander H. J. Hatcher,
of the patrol, issued a statement a few
days ago in which he pointed out that
his organization has not taken sides in
the strike; neither have his officers,
“either by word or mouth or intimida
tion, said that ‘blood will run’ as the
union has charged.” He recalled that on
several occasions all patrolmen on
special duty in Rockingham have been
removed and, without exception,
violence has - broken out immediately
after their departure. In each instance,
he continued, it has been necessary
for them to restore order. And, while
the union claims there are 50 police
officers on duty at Safie, there are now
no more than six patrolmen there.
From his report, the trouble in the
situation appears not inspired by the
presence of the patrolmen but in the
strikers’ inability to conduct their walk
out in an orderly manner. It would Ik
betJ ' if they wouTd exercise more dis
■ jgipiL rather than try to compare the
patrol to the lata Czar’s troops in at
Buchenwald Lives On
When General Patton’s gallant Third
army drove into Buchenwald and lib
erated the remaining tortured and
starved prisoners of the Germans, de
cent people believed this would mean
the close of one of history’s most no
torious prison camps.
The downfall of Nazism, they said,
would end this awful means of express
ing man’s brutality to his fellow man.
Last week, 22 of the concentration
camp’s former attendants were sen
tenced to hang and nine others received
life or lengthy prison terms for atroci
ties committed against the inmates.
Included among those escaping the gal
lows but ordered to spend the re
mainder of her days in prison was Frau
Use Koch, infamous for her beastliness
while the wife of the late commandant
of the prison.
Many undoubtedly tnougnt tnis
triumph of justice was a fitting way to
ring down the curtain on Buchenwald.
But, if they read on they came across
this matter of fact statement in the
Associated Press’ story:
“The camp is now in the Russian
occupied zone of Germany. Some weeks
ago Max Brauer, mayor of Hamburg,
reported that the camp had been re
opened by the Russians and that 800
members of the German Social Demo
cratic party had been confined there
on political charges.”
Hitler’s authorities established it
for political prisoners. But when Gen.
Patton’s soldiers walked in amid the
stench of death, more than 50,000 per
sons had died there. Some had Hen
thrown into the man-made hell because
of their politics; but many were simply
good people the Nazis did i>ot like, be
cause of racial or other absurd reasons,
and found sadistic pleasure in ending
their lives in the most horrible of ways.
The outside world heard little about
the camp during the Nazi regime. To
day it is behind the Soviets’ Iron Cur
tain. And political charges are as easy
to file under one totalitarian govern
ment as another. For all we know, the
crimes of most of the 800 now behind
Buchenwald’s gloomy walls may be no
greater than having belonged to the
wrong political party or offended a
minor Russian official. Some may be
dying under cruel'punishment and the
cremation furnaces may be roaring deep
into the night again.
So, Buchenwald lives on as a dreaded
prison.
Through its reactivation it may
eventually be as notorious under Com
munism as it was under German
Fascism. The change the Allied victory
effected in its status could be only a
temporary one. The principle of its
existance, with those holding the politi
cal upper hand mistreating the weaker
in any way they care to, is still the
same. The prison may again flourish
as a horrible symbol of man’s in
humanity to his fellow man.
If the Americans who died to throw
open Buchenwald’s gates could return,
we believe they would ask this ques
tion: “What we did didn’t amount to
much, did it?”
The only truthful answer the living
could give would be a negative one.
tending to unruly gatherings. The need
at Rockingham obviously is for more
self control on the part of the strikers
and fewer calls for Federal investigation
of the patrolmen.
Must Be Practical
President Truman's admission that
he was wrong in believing that the
world would be at peace two years after
V-J day contributes to the universal
pessimism but it does demonstrate his
realism toward the tremendous problem
of preventing further war.
Like most Americans, he is quite
practical in his appraisal of today’s
troubled scenes.
People are still dying at the hands
of armed foes in Indonesia, Palestine,
Greece, India and Paraguay. A once
mighty nation—Great Britain—is in the
throes of an economic crisis daily re
ducing its good powers as a stabilizing
world influence. The split between Rus
sia and the Western powers is greater
than ever. Yet it was only two years
ago that hopes were high that armed
conflict was over, if not permanently
at least for a lengthy “breathing spell.”
With the fall of Japan, the world im
mediately looked forward to righting
itself without further bloodshed. Yet,
blind differences continue to prevail
with too many looking upon the gun
as the only means of settling their dis
putes.
Mr. Truman still hopes for world
peace.
so does everyone else.
But the past two years have shown
these hopes must be practical to be
successfully realized. They are the
only kind which will survive in this
selfish world. They must be founded
on facts and logic, as exemplified in
the Marshall draft for European re
covery.
The theory that all action must be
unanimous in planning a real founda
tion for peace has been proven unsound
through the failures the veto has
brought to the United Nations. Majority
rule is the practical way to draw the
blueprint for a future warless world.
But the majority must keep itself strong
enough to make the minority realize
that armed opposition would be futile.
It can best prevent war by keeping
well prepared for it.
Hot Spell
Maybe Washington’s fabulous sum
mer heat has something to do with
the recessing of the Howard Hughes
investigation. One would gather,
from reading the charges and counter
charges in the testimony, that the heat
was particularly noticeable in the Sen
ate Office Building’s caucus room.
It looks as if folks who buy coal this
winter are going to dig deeper than
the miners.
America is turning out the best jazz
musicians, says an orchestra leader.
Yeah, and the worst stay here.
A New York stenographer is nisrinn
with $1200. Sh£ appears pretty good
with the touch gyaitem.
40 Cities; 13 Fire Trucks
Six Southeastern North Carolina
communities are included among 40 in
the Carolinas vying for the purchase
of 13 government surplus fire trucks
from the Charlotte regional agency of
the War Assets administration.
Because there are almost three times
as many bidders as there are vehicles,
the WAA priority claimants division
faced the impossible problem of making
an equitable distribution. It was de
cided that the only thing to do is to
“determine recipients on the basis of
approved needs.’’
The city or town presenting the
soundest plea, including convincing facts
and persuasive arguments, should ex
pect to get one of the $2,133 to $3,882
pieces of fire fighting equipment. The
needs of Fayetteville, Fair Bluff, Bladen
boro, Southport, and Wrightsville and
Carolina Beaches for the trucks are
quite acute. For that reason, plus the
fact that deadline for purchase orders
has been set for August 20, they should
lose no time in perfecting their appeals
if they have failed to do so.
The final request should be in a form
which will demand real consideration
from WAA officials. It is quite ap
parent that the procedure is another
example of the best brief winning the
equipment for the municipality whicn
realized that the sale, other than from
the standpoint of prices, is a highly
competitive' one.
And we hope that each of the South
eastern communities will have better
luck in its efforts than Wilmington has
experienced in its attempts to acquire
a government surplus fire boat.
No Interference, Please
Wilmingtonians aware of the city’s
need for regular air routes to and from
the westward interior will be glad to
learn that Piedmont Aviation, Inc., is
completing preparations to begin sched
uled service early in September.
There are many tasks in setting up
a new airline but Piedmont, working
quietly and saying little, has cleared
practically all the hurdles. Late last
week, its president revealed it had ar
ranged for the purchase of five DC-3
21-passenger planes and two have been ■
delivered. In addition, the company has
another under lease and it is being used
for crew training and route survey
flights.
Only cloud on the horizon is an an
nouncement made a few weeks ago by
State Airlines, which sought and failed
to win CAB certification for the routes, '
that it is seeking an injunction to pre
vent Piedmont from beginning opera
tions until State s intervening petition
has been reviewed.
All more interested in better air -
service than a controversy between air
lines hope that nothing will come of ■
this legal maneuver. But if it is sue- 1
cessful, that State's friendship for Wil
mington and the community’s air wel- 1
fare may be accepted at face value, I
which would be quite small. And the
City of Wilmington, through its Coun- i
cil, wculd automatically* be removed
from any further obligation of assisting
»t as it has done it in the past.
THE TALL CORN__
The Gallup Poll
High Cost Of Living, Foreign Policy
Are More Vital Issues Facing Nation
_ w- ■ — ■■ - — — — ■— -
Many Americans Are Also
Concerned Over The
Possibility Of War
By GEORGE GALLUP
Director, American Institute
of Public Opinion
PRINCETON, N. J., Aug.
16—The high cost of living,
foreign policy problems and
possibility of another war are
the three chief issues facing
the country today, in the
opinion of American voters.
From time to time Institute sur
veys are conducted to determine
what is worrying the people—what
they have on their minds so far as
poublic problems are concerned.
Voters are asked:
“'Whsit do you thinK is the most
important problem facing this
country today?”
The results today are as fol
try today?’’
lows:
High prices, high cost of
living, inflation _2i<j$>
Foreign policy, getting
along with other na
tions, helping Europe __22
Preventing war, working
out a peace -21
Strikes & labor problems . 8
Housing_6
Controlling attorn bomb,
military preparedness .. 3
Communism _1
Future of the U. N._1
Taxes _ 1
Miscellaneous .._14
Some voters named more than
one issue—hence the table totals
more than 100 per cent.
Today’s issues differ sharply
from those of a year ago in a
similar poll. Last August the
lumber of voters expressing con
cern over world affairs totaled
inly 16 per cent, whereas today
17 per cent name some item re
lated to international atffairs. As
for purely national or domestic
problems, they were named by 91
per cent a year ago, and by only
54 per cent today.
On nearly a dozen occasions
during the past 12 years the Insti
tute has polled the nation’s opin
ions as to whht were the most vital
issues facing us. The results give a
profile of recent hitory in terms of
what interested or worried us as
Et> nation.
In 1935, when the first poll was
takpn, the most vital issue named
ay the people was one which does
aot turn up at all in the list to
iay — unemployment. This re
mained in first place until the war
-louds gathered in Europe in 1938
and 1839. Then keeping out of
IN 1945 V/ V
CHIEF ISSUES WERE -
1. POST-WAR JOBLESSNESS
2. ECONOMIC READJUSTMENT
3. STRIKES '
war became the topmost issue in
the pinion of the people.
During the early war days, be
fore rationing, high prices were
a major concern, and later under
rationing, shortages loomed big
gest in the public mind. As the
war drew to a close, people be
gan to worry most about the pos
sibilities of post-war joblessness.
A record of the concerns of the
people from 1935 to date, as
shown by Institute polls, follows.
The issues for each year are list
ed in the order in which they
were named by voters as the most
vital facing the country.
1935—U n e m p loyment, govern
m e n t economy, neutral
ity.
1937—Unemployment, n e u t r al
ity, social security.
1939—K e e p i n g out of war,
unemployment, b u s i ness
recovery, labor troubles.
1943—Aside from winning the
war, the chief issues
were: high prices, gaso
line rationing, postwar
problems (such as na
tional debt, loss of jobs,
taxes), the draft.
1945—Postwar jobs and busi
ness read justment to
peace, and strikes and
.labor troubles were
Jewish Train Bombing
Said ’Only Beginning’
VIENNA, Aug. 16—(/P)—A com
petent American military source
said tonight that United States au
thorities were “thoroughly con
vinced” that the recent bombings
of a British leave train and Sach
er’s hotel in Vienna were “only
the beginning” of Jewish under
ground activities against the Brit
ish in Austria.
The informant, an American of
ficer helping the investigation of
the train bombing near Mallnitz
last Tuesday, said American au
thorities had been tipped in ad
vance, and were able to arrest
Gosior Henoch, Polish Jew and
suspected leader of the bomb
group, although unable to prevent
the actual attack on the train.
Between 16 and 24 hours nor
mally are required to dry a tea
leaf.
named most often, aside
from winning the war.
1946—High prices, food short
ages, maintaining peace,
strikes and labor trou
bles.
January, 1947 — Strikes and
labor problems; foreign policy
problems, high prices.
Behind The KU..,
Reds Preparing
For Greek Coup)
By DEWITT MACK ENT?
AP Foreign Affairs AnalVsl
There is an ominous Ting ln .
Moscow radio’s hint that j»u “i*
may sever diplomatic rela-?S‘J
with Greece on the strength f
allegation that Greek authoViH
have “been arresting and , 1
subjecting to torture persons ►
ployed by the Soviet embassym'
Athens. ''
This smacks of Communist m
neuvering in preparation j0, :1’
coup which would further jj 1
cow’s aim of securing control
the Greek peninsula as a stenl?
stone to domination of the East
Mediterranean. While RUSse?
broad strategy is clear eno‘V
the exact meaning of the "
tactics is a matter of debate **
Some diplomatic observers •
Athens say it’s likely that bo?
the Soviet Union and Yugoslav11
are looking for a chance to j,r 'f
off diplomatic relations
Greece. 1(1
Why? Well, such a break could
be a prleiminary to the setting 1
of a Communist government l
northern Greece as a rival t0 t?
established monarchist regim. t*
Athens. Then Moscow andV?
Balkan satellites could recogni?
the new Red government, peril,?,
as a separatist regime or eve,
as the government of all Grece
The ommunist, of course "ion.
have maintained that the' mo?
archy is being maintained (with
American and British helm
against the will of the major?
of the people.
Prepared To Protect
In considering the possibility 0)
such a Red coup, one is bound
to recall that only last Tuesd'av
the American delegation to" the
United Nations declared that it the
Security council fail* to solve the
Balkan problem the United States
is prepared *o join with otr.er
countries to protect Greece "with
in the provisions of the charter"
Deputy U. S. Delegate Herschel
Johnson gave this warning to Mos
cow after charging that Commu
nist groups supported by Albania,
Yugoslavia and Bulgaria hoped ta
set up a totalitarian regime in
Greece.
Could it be that a severance o)
relations with Greece by Moscow
is an answer to America? The es
tablishment of a Red regime n
northern Greece might be followed
by a declaration from the Russian
bloc that in turn it would protect
the Communist Greek government
“within the provisions of the char
ter. ’
In creating such a government
the Communist bloc would mere;*
be “legalizing” a situation which
already exists, since t h e recent
majority report of the U. N. Bah
kan border investigation stated
that Albania, Bulgaria and Yugo
slavia were fostering the Commu
nist civil war in the north. How
ever, an excuse for greater Red
intervention would be provided.
That would be playing with high
explosive. Still, Russia has made
it plain that she isn’t afraid ta
handle dynamite if that is neces
sary in order to carry out her
program of Communist expansion.
Moreover, Moscow has been work
ing shrewdly through her puppet
states. They are her shield in bat
tle.
In short, if the Western De
mocracies should take action
against the Red operation in
northern Greece they would come
up against not Russia but the
satellites—the Soviet shield. This
is calculated to give the Commu
nist bloc what it wants without
precipitating another world war—
which nobody wants.
It is dangerous game but one
which bids fair to be played out
to some sort of conclusion—risk at
no risk.
YWCA Secretary
Resigns Post;
Leaves Oct. 15
Miss Dorothea McDowell, execu
tive director of the Wilmington
Young Women’s Christian asoci
action for the past two and on*
half year, presented her resigna
tion to the board of director at
their meeting on Friday morning,
as she has accepted a position
with the national YWCA in th*
foreign division, as head Of thi
YWCA in the two countries of L*
banon and Syria.
Miss McDowell will be stationed
in Beirut, a city of about 110,000,
leaving this country on October
15, after several weeks prepara
tion at the National YWCA head
quarters in New York city.
Miss Margaret Schulken, execu
tive director of the YWCA of Net
burgh, N. Y. has been selected
fill this position in Wilmington,
and will start work on September
1. Miss Schulken is well known
in Wilmington, as it is her former
home. She is the daughter of Mr’
Eliza Schulken, and sister of Mr’
Conrad Wessell.
Around Capitol Square
Highway Patrolmen On Duty 12 Hours Each Day
By LYNN NISBET
RALEIGH, Aug. 16 Newspaper
readers have become so ac
rustomed to big figures they don’t
nean much until broken down in
;o smaller pieces. So the report
>f the Highway patrol that its
nembers was on duty an aggre
gate of 73,617 hours during the
month of July is not as easily
understood as to say that means
:ach patrolmen was on duty an
iverage of a little better than
welve hours a day, seven days
i week. Likewise total mileage
raveled of 727,498 miles is taken
n stride until reduced to the fig
ire of approximately 100 miles a
lay for every day in the month.
>uring the 12 hours and in addi
:ion to the 100 miles traveled, the
latrolmen made enough arests to
iverage almost one a day for
;ach man, inspected enough vehi
:les to average about seven a day
?ach and examined a like number
>f drivers’ licenses.
COVERAGE — There are lots
of miles of public roads over
which patrolmen did not drive,
ind many more miles over which
they drove many times. Further
breakdown of the report shows
that on the average a patrolman
covered every mile of the prima
ry state highway system twice a
day during the month.
COMITY. — When a newspaper
story from Louisville, Kentucky,
reached Raleigh some question
was raised about why the gove
nor of North Carolina should in
tervene to help a Virginia horse
man get his horses entered in a
Kentucky horse show. It develops
that the Virginian (George T. Mc
Lean of Portsmouth) has a train
ing farm in North Carolina, and
that many prominent Tar Heels
joined in request that Governor
Cherry intercede to get the Mc
Lean horses admitted to the
Kentucky show. Governor Cherry
and Governor Simeon Willis of
Kentucky are warn personal
friends, despite the Republican
proclivities of the Kentuckian.
McLean and h:s Tar Heel friends
set up the contention his horses
were being barred because the
Kentucky group feared they would
wia all til* prize#, Th* Kentucky
horse show management has a
different story and charged poor
sportsmanship to the Portsmouth
horsemen.
INSURANCE. — Increases ot
rates ranging from 10 per cent to
25 per cent in automobile ifir^
theft and collision insurance
premiums, coming soon after au
thorized increase of about 10 per
cent in public liability rates,
means that in the aggregate
North Carolina automobile owners
will pay something more than half
a million dollars in additional in
surance premiums above last
year’s rates. The extra premiums
may amount to more than that
sum, since the estimate is based
on approximately the same busi
ness. More cars and application
of the new financial responsibility
laws combine to tremendously in
crease the total insurance carried.'
EXPERIENCE. _ There has
been some criticism of Insurance
Commissioner William P. Hodges
approving the increases without
public hearing. Hi* decision was
based upon ex part* showing by
the insurance companies, w h: £
submitted experience rec°,raj
Hodges has insisted, along "1
all other advocates of grea'
highway safety, that the only^" ,
to bring down insurance Pre ‘
urns is to reduce traffic acci“e"'’
thereby decreasing the a!J,0'ay
the insurance carriers must Pa
out.
INFLUENCE. — It is alil]
early to estimate influence o£
new highway safety codes on^,.
surance experience rating
jority opinion prevails a”Ye,j
students of the problem that w w
all phases of the far-reaching •
program have become e, e #8U.
accidents and rates wih “g.
Actually only the financial -
sponsibility phase of the 1* ’ ^
now in effect and that has n° j,
time to prove itself- n„t
nation for driving license "■
be completed for three yearS\,a;e
the mechanical inspec££tm_
does not begin until January. ^
Motor vehicle officials repor^ c’r
degree of cooperation anaCis.
owner# in early stage* « v
forcemeat program.

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