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Earthquake t%t THE age of atomic war, there A still may be room for super bomb* of non-atomic explosives. u. S. Army Air Forces now is exploring the possibility of miniature manmade earthquakes a war weapon in tests at the Farge ■j-boat pens near Bremen, Germany. The power of non-atomic explosives ashing their way deep into the th before detonation was demon earrgted by the British late in World L' ii. Deep penetration bombs set g shork waves that smashed a tun ° I 135 feet below the surface, far below the point of the blast Three B-29 Superforts are dropping 15 000-pound “Amazon” bombs (filled wi’th non-explosive powder) to test Lnetration power. The bombs are dropped from heights of 35,000 and 40 000 feet and attain supersonic I .need*. ‘Impregnable larger The target is one of the staunchest structures in the world. The U-boat factory is 1,350 feet long, 350 feet wide and 80 feet high, with a steel reinforced concrete roof 24 feet thick. Three test bombs have been dropped and two were direct hits. The third landed some yards off the target. The bomb’s indicated effectiveness i$, of course, an official secret but there is no disguising the phenomenal accuracy with which they have been dropped from stratospheric heights. Despite the lack of explosives, the bombs kick up to 2,000 feet dust which hangs in the air for almost half an hour. The AAF also has revealed that it is developing and probably will test a 42,000-pound bomb this fall. This is reported to be the largest standard explosive weapon ever developed but the AAF recently had an even bigger one—a 100,000 pounder in the blue print stage. The project was said to have been shelved, however, in a cur tailment of research. Red Tide Recurring Plague After disappearing for 20 hours, Florida’s mysterious fish-killing “red tide” reappeared off the gulf coast and littered Pinellas County beaches with fresh carcasses. The state board of health joined county authorities in combatting the plague which already had left mil lions of fish dead and rotting along swanky beaches from Sarasota to Clearwater. Heaviest concentrations washed ashore at Treasure Island as county road crews and volunteers from the US. Maritime Station at St. Peters burg buried the debris with road ma chinery. For the most part, these fish were recently killed and did not have the stench of earlier deposits. Few swimmers braved the water on the hump of Florida’s west coast after a wave of skin irritations and rashes afflicted bathers. Health authorities said there were no serious cases, how ever. Scientists still are trying to deter mine the cause of the plague. Dr. F. G. Walton Smith, director of Miami University’s marine laboratory, said the “tide” was caused by millions of micro-organisms (gymnodinium brevis). What caused the sudden in crease in these tiny organisms, how ever, has not been learned. Indignant beach residents insisted at first the tide was caused by dump ing of Army mustard gas bombs. The Army denied this although admitting it dropped a few faulty gas bombs in July, 1946, which, it said, were neu tralized immediately on contact with tea water. U,N.: Stymied on the Balkans REPORTS of renewed fighting in Indonesia between Nether lands troops and Republican forces indicated widespread violations of the cease-fire order of the United Nations. Indonesians charged the Dutch with conducting a large scale military drive in west Java to gain control of key mountain passes and rich rubber and tea plantations. The United States sped Walter A. Foote, U.S. consul-general from Ba tavia to the Indonesian capital at Jog jakarta in connection with the Ameri can proffer of “its good offices” in set tling the conflict. The Tangled Balkans Meanwhile the Security Council tangled again with the thorny problem of the Balkans. Hershel Johnson, dep uty U.S. delegate, formally charged that Communist groups supported by Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria hoped to set up a totalitarian regime in Greece. He warned bluntly that if the council failed to solve the Balkan problem the U.S. was prepared to join other countries in protecting Greece “within the provisions of the charter.” “We do not consider,” he said, “that our obligations or the obligations of the United Nations are ended, merely because the Soviet Union sees fit to use her veto to block constructive pro posals desired by nine of 11 council members.” At another point he declared: “We are no longer under the necessity of attempting to appease further a threat ening veto. Let us now record our honest opinions.” Britain Dark Days Ahead The British House of Commons after all-night debate voted authoriza tion this week to the Labor govern ment to muster the full resources oi Britain, including manpower and in dustry, for national recovery. Prime Minister Attlee’s “crisis bill’ brought charges of “too little and toe late” from left wing Parliament mem bers and cries of “dictatorship” from the right. Winston Churchill called it a “blank check for totalitarianism.” Attlee went to the people in a radio address last Sunday. He called for a “national effort comparable to that we Russell, Los Angeles Times DARK CLIFFS OF AUSTERITY developed during the war” to meet the cr' is. He told Britons they must fight alone for economic survival as once they had fought alone against Hitler. All Britain will be listening this Sunday to a radio address by Church ill, leader of the opposition. f BALKAN? Shoemaker, Atlanta Constitution NOW, HOW ABOUT THE REAL FIRE? Johnson spoke after Yugoslavia had accused the United States of deliber ately misrepresenting conditions in the Balkans to justify the Truman doctrine of aid to Greece. He said the Balkan problem would inevitably go before the 55-nation General Assembly—which meets in New York on September 16—if the council failed to break the deadlock between Russia and the western pow ers. CAPITAL: Planes & Politics The decision to declare a recess until fall in the inquiry into Howard Hughes’ wartime plane contracts touched off volleys of charges and countercharges more explosive than any before in the superheated two week investigation. Hughes, millionaire film producer and plane designer, said he believed the hearings were called off because Senate Committee Chairman Owen Brewster (R-Me) was “too cowardly” to go on. Hughes said he doubted the hearings would be reopened. Former Col. James C. Hall, who succeeded Elliott Roosevelt as chief of Army Air Corps photo reconnaissance, branded the inquiry “a skunk circus which has been stinking up the entire nation.” Hall, now an aviation con sultant, said the committee refused to let him reply to testimony that John W. Meyer, Hughes’ free-spending pub licity man, spent almost $4,000 enter taining him and his associates over approximately three years. Brewster, vacationing in Maine, said the future of the inquiry was up to Chairman Homer Ferguson (R-Mich) of the subcommittee actually conduct ing the investigation. Recessed—Not Ended Ferguson, who announced the unex pected postponement after a closed door meeting of his subcommittee, said the hearings would be resumed November 17 with Hughes as a wit ness. Sen. Ferguson explained there were two reasons for the recess: demands of other matters on Senators’ time, and inability of the subcommittee to locate Hughes’ publicity man, Meyer, who disappeared after his subpoena expired. Democratic senators leaped to the attack. Sen. James E. Murray (Mont) called for a 'Senate investigation of investigations which depend on sensa tionalism instead of facts. He said the Hughes probe was “just another ex ample of efforts to smear every wit ness who takes the stand.” “The Republicans got a political black eye,” said Sen. A. Willis Rob ertson (D-Va), “and 1 don’t think the circus they put on helped Congress any.” Meanwhile Russell Birdwell, Holly wood publicity man who once worked for Hughes, said he would file a $1,000,000 libel suit against Noah Diet rich, a Hughes vice president, who testified that Birdwell had admitted falsifying an expense account to make it appear that he had entertained Jesse Jones, then RFC chairman, in Washington in 1942. In Chicago, Attorney General Tom C. Clark indicated the Justice Depart ment would go ahead with an investi gation of the crossfire charges by Brewster and Hughes while the hear ings are in recess. Constitution A 22nd Amendment? Eighteen states, half the required number, already have ratified the pro posed 22nd amendment to the Consti tution, limiting Presidents to two terms. They did it in less than five months. It probably will be more than two years, however, before 18 other states can act unless a lot of special legisla tive sessions are called next year. Twenty states do not havp regular legislative sessions again until 1949. Congress gave the states seven years to act when it submitted the amendment in mid-March. Approval of three-fourths of the states is needed to make an amendment effective. The 18 states which thus far have ratified the anti-third term amend ment are all outside the South. The only two southern states which con sidered it have failed to approve. Oklahoma’s Senate postponed action indefinitely and the Texas House re jected it outright. The states approving the proposal of the Republican-controlled Congress are, in the order of ratification: Maine, Michigan, Kansas, Iowa, New Hampshire, Illinois, Delaware, Oregon, New Jersey, Vermont, Cali fornia, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Connecticut, Missouri and Nebraska. Gambling Bookie Clean-Up New York was in the middle of a periodic drive against gambling. While the heat was on, most of the town’s big bookmakers either closed up shop or took a busman’s holiday by going to Saratoga themselves. The gambling clean-up started as two grand juries, in the Bronx and Queens, probed charges that horse racing bookmakers had to pay protec tion money to police in order to oper ate. The drive was accompanied by more than 100 shifts in police, trans fers, demotions and resignations. The first week’s arrests totaled 709 on gambling charges. These included 76 for bookmaking, 171 for card play ing, 290 for dice, 134 for policy or lottery and 38 miscellaneous cases. The number of arrests was 174 fewer than the average arrested week ly last year, but police officials said this reflected an exodus of gamblers from the city. Police Commissioner Wallander opened a special detective school for some 200 young patrolmen, most of them war veterans, who ultimately will replace most of the present force of 300 plainclothesmen. SCIENCE: Shrinking Global Contours THE march of science is steadi ' iy shrinking the globe. Where °nce pioneers blazed transcon tinental trails with blood and sweat, passengers now zip from coast to coast in streamlined hams. Every time a new record is set - a globe-girdling flier, the world grows a little smaller and safer. Pilot William Odom, who flew solo *round the world to set a new record °f 73 hours and 5 minutes last Sunday, pve science full credit for making his teat possible. Por the first half of his 19,600-mile »ip, he depended on his automatic P)lot and ground control systems at airports to bring him down through log and overcast. A Burma monsoon Put his automatic pilot out of commis S1°n, however, and after that he couldn’t let up an instant. Alaskan Crisis Over the Yukon, Odom dozed at the controls. He awoke after an hour and ™ minutes to find his plane headed directly for a snowy 19,000-foot moun tain peak. Apparently he had been ®ymg in circles. Thirteen years of aeronautical de velopment, given a terrific spurt by the war, enabled Odom to more than halve the record for the previous mund-the-world solo record of nearly p 7 hours set by the late Wiley Post, ^ost flew a much shorter route over Russia, which refused permission to Odom. Odom will compete in the National Rights Reserved, AP Newsfeatures) -—• RECORD FLIGHT -- PROJECTED FLIGHT Air Races at Cleveland on August 30. His plane will be a special speed job, whose specifications still are secret. In October Odom plans another global flight—this time the hard way —over both poles. Backed by Milton Reynolds, who sponsored his other global flights, Odom will fly a con verted B-36 bomber and take along 10 scientists and newspapermen. The route probably will be via Greenland, the North Pole, Alaska, Tokyo, New Zealand, South Pole and South America. Dates Monday, August 18 American Veterinary Medical Association to meet in Cincinnati. World Sunday School Associa tion opens conference in Bir mingham, Eng. Tuesday, August 19 National Aviation Day. Thursday, August 21 Anniversary (third), Dumbar ton Oaks conference. Anniversary (second), end of Lend-Lease. Sunday, August 24 American Pharmaceutical As sociation meets in Milwaukee. Vets Continuing Cost of War There are 14,361,000 veterans of World War II, said the Veterans Ad ministration this week, and the aver age veteran is 29 years old, four years the senior of the average man or woman still in the armed services. Nearly two-thirds of these men and women veterans have terminal leave bonds totaling $1,800,000,000. These bonds can be cashed at local banks starting September 1 or the bondholders may hold their securities and draw 2Vz per cent interest for five years. President Truman advised the latter course unless veterans were ac tually in need of money. The bonds were issued, mostly to former enlisted men, as pay for leaves they did not get in service. The Veterans Bureau reported that the average age of the World War I veteran is 53.7 years; Spanish-Ameri can war veteran, 71.1 years; Indian Wars, 85, and Civil War, 100.7 years. . - ^ SslW^IU::; Government to Probe Soaring Food Prices 'T'hE government became aware this week of something the houso -L wife on a budget realized long ago—that prices had risen alarm mgly. It ordered an investigation by the anti-trust division of the Department of Justice to determine whether “conspiracies” exist ta maintain or to increase prices in the food, clothing and housing fields. Jail sentences, rather than mere fines, will be sought for violators. Navy Shrinking Fleet Two years after the end of World War II, the U.S. Navy reported this week that its fleet of combatant ships had shrunk to 285 in full operation and 21 in reduced status. On V-J Day, the fleet included not only 1,300 combatant ships but enough auxiliaries, not counting small land ing craft, to total 11,000 vessels. The Navy lineup now, besides the 306 com bat ships in full and reduced status, consists of 293 auxiliaries, 55 mine vessels, 74 patrol boats and 152 land ing craft. The Navy air arm is down from 41,272 planes at the end of the war to 15,999 of all types, with 2,500 of them fleet combatant aircraft. In manpower, the Navy has gone from 3,966,758 men and 325,074 officers to 425,000 men and 46,000 officers. It will shrink a bit more during the cur rent fiscal year. While the Navy is dwindling in numerical strength, it is pushing re search on new planes, ships and weapons. Many innovations, some past the experimental stage, are being readied for service with the fleet. Quote Dr. Edmund W. Sinnott, direc tor of Yale’s Sheffield Scientific School: “It is entirely possible that science alone may make monsters of men.” The Justice Department probe fol lows a three months study of tha present price situation by Assistant Attorney General John F. Sonnett, who took charge of the anti-trust divi sion in May. New, Vigorous Approach Attorney General Tom C. Clark ordered the inquiry in the belief that “soaring prices in the food, clothing and housing fields require a new and more vigorous approach.” Earlier the CIO Full Employment Committee issued a call for a special session of Congress to restore price controls and roll back prices to some where near OPA levels. The CIO group predicted there would be another round of wage de mands if living costs continued to rise. Before Congress adjourned last month, it authorized a national survey of rising living costs. That joint Sen ate-House committee, headed by Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio), this week named three subcommittees to study conditions in the east, midwest and west. They are headed respectively by Sen. Ralph E. Flanders (R-Ver), Rep. George H. Bender (R-Ohio) and Sen. Arthur V. Watkins (R-Utah). Probe or Whitewash Emil Rieve, chairman of the CIO committee, called the projected Con gressional studies “an investigation t® forestall action.” “The facts are already known,** Rieve declared. “We are up to our necks in inflation.” In his announcement of the federal inquiry, Clark recalled President Tru man’s repeated warnings of the danger of rising prices. Clark’s statement said: “In his State of the Union message in January, the President pointed out that, despite half a century of anti trust law enforcement, one of the gravest threats to our welfare lay in the increasing concentration of power in the hands of a small number of giant organizations, and that today we find that to a greater extent than ever before whole industries are dominated by one or a few large organizations which can restrict production in the interest of higher profits and thus re duce employment and purchasing power.” Hot Shots • The nation consumed nearly three billion quarts of ice cream last year— about 21 quarts for every man, woman and child. The Department of Com merce reports almost half the orders were for vanilla, while chocolate ran a poor second with only 15 per cent. Strawberry was third. • In Addison, Mich., a patient hold up man stood in line for a half hour before getting to the teller’s window of the crowded Addison State Savings Bank, then took $3,000 at gunpoint and escaped. • In Olivet, Mich., a pigeon, un aware of its own strength, landed on the porch of Mather Hall, Olivet Col lege science building, and the porch collapsed. • In Rehoboth, Del., a skunk inter rupted an Eastern Shore Baseball League game and drove all players to the dugout. Even the umpire wouldn’t argue with it. Tourists Hemispheric Visas While Pan American diplomats con ferred on hemispheric defense in Rio de Janeiro this week the Inter-Ameri can Tourist Congress wound up its first convention in Panama. All Amer ican republics except Paraguay and Uruguay were represented. Biggest fruit of the conference was recommendation of a continental tour ist’s card, and standard tourist and immigration practices throughout the western hemisphere. The continental tourist card, valid for six months, would eliminate pass ports and departure permits for inter American travel. The various govern ments would require certificates of good behavior, health, financial sol vency and citizenship before issuing these cards, obtainable directly from the governments or their consulates. The Pan-American Union has been asked to prepare a model card for dis tribution among member governments and Canada. In Short... Convicted: By an American Mili tary Tribunal, Frau Ilse Koch, red haired widow of a former com mandant of Buchenwald Concentra tion Camp, and 30 other defendants, of war crimes. Planned: By Hiroshima residents, a replica of the Statue of Liberty on the site of obliterated Hiroshima Castle. Donated: By Howard Candler, aon of the founder of Coca Cola, to Emory University in Atlanta, Ga., securities valued at $7,000,000 with an annual income of $500,000. LAST MAN at the postponed probe into his wartime contracts is Howard Hughes, millionaire plane designer, writing a b!ast at Sen. Owen Brewster in the deserted Senate comittee room. DUTCH SOLDIER, with modern rifle and camouflage battle suit, stands over slain Indonesian Republican, who fought with dummy wooden gun in burning city of Malang, East Java. EMPEROR HIROHITO attends postwar baseball game in Tokyo. A favorite epithet screamed at Americans by Japanese on banzai charges during the war was "To Hell with Babe Ruth." EXPERIMENTAL PLANE which crashed near LaGuardia Field, killing three, is raised by Navy divers from Bowery Bay, N. Y.