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floraing &tar •: Worth Carolina'» Oldest Daily Newspaper * *: Punlishtd Daily Except Sunday B. B. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C. Post Ottice Undei Act ol Congress ol March a, 1879 “Subscription rates by carrier IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY i Payable Weekly or in Advance 'J Combi time Star News nation , B-gek ... $ -SO t 25 $ .50 1 Month -. 1-30 1.10 2.15 2 Months _ 3.90 3.25 6.50 8 Months ..— 7.80 6.50 13.00 5 Year —_ 15.60 13.00 2« 00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue ol Star-News) _ * -SINGLE COPY ~ Wilmington News -- — ' s£ Morning Star -- 10c Sunday Star-News -- , MBoynP,yaWe JuF ^VanC|e3 85 ! - 5.00 4.00 7.70 * Year .- 10 00 8.00 15.40 1 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday ■ issue ol Star-News) _ * WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) _ | Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—3 -J> MEMBER OF ™E ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is "S ‘ews the use lor ^publication ol locay printed in this newspaper, as well as news dispatches.___ — THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resource., to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for year* to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina's farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top aail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City s In dustrial Agency to attract more in dustries. .. , i Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and Includ ing a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. . _ Consolidation of City and County gov ernments. GOOD MORNING Method goes far to prevent trouble m business; for It makes the task easy, hin ders confusion, saves abundance of time, and instructs those who have business de pending, what to do and what to hope.— Penn. j Clearing House For Gripes. ' Among institutions Wilmington needs is a clearing house for gripes. At least this is what several of the city’s progressive young men think. They have noticed, they say, and any body can verify their discovery, that most everybody is continually complain ing of this or that. Sometimes the complaint is justified—sometimes not. If the complainers had some place to unburden their souls, someone whose sympathetic and unbiased attention would be theirs, they at least could get whatever is disturbing them off their chests. Lloyd Douglas has used the idea m his novels, only he portrays a super man who always has the right answer. The local men do not think they could give the right answer—certainly not often—but they do believe that when the gripe is a good one they would be able to direct the griper to the proper source of relief. And, what is equally valuable, they themselves could profit in their own mental outlook by hearing the worries of others. Public utilities employ men familiar ly know as trouble shooters, whose duty is to discover what is wrong with a utilility’s service and see that it is corrected. These young Wilmingtonians see themselves in a similar role. The remarkable aspect of the pro position is that whereas we all usually run away from other pepole’s troubles, they want to learn about them and do what they may to ease them, or, as the case may be, point out that there is no real grounds for complaint and urge those who complain to forget all about it. As you probably have guessed, the Mea is incubating in the minds of a group of Junior Chamber of Commerce members. So sincere are they that they contemplate the possibility of main taining regular office hours at their headquarters in the Woodrow Wilson hut, when gripers may tell their troubles in the assurance of having patient listeners. The project is still nebulous. They fcre wondering if the effort would be Worth while. The only way to deter mine tnis is by experiment. It cer tainly has possibilities. Behind The Times Los Angeles has been making much ado over the utilization trackless trolleys ever since the first vehicle of this type was put into service on August 3. It is a fixed and unbreak able habit of Angelenos to put them selves in first place in all improve ments. They view this innovation as something entirely new. The fact is they are behind the times. Greensboro has been running trackless trolleys for years. And they are every bit as efficient as those now in service in Los Angeles. Truman Reviews Budget Republican congressional leaders have placed the cuts made in the Presi dent’s budget requests variously from four to six billion dollars. In its sum mation immediately after adjournment the Associated Press.figured the reduc tion at $2,777,110,195. Yesterday, President Truman, in his review of the budget, said that savings voted by Congress on 'expenditures for the current year total $1,520,000,000. Having had an exhaustive study made of congressional action on the budget we may infer that Mr. Truman had adequate reason for fixing upon this amount as approximately correct. On this premise we may also infer that the larger amounts named by republi can congressional leaders was so much campaign ballyhoo. ivir. iruman pointed out, as sena tor Byrd and other members of Con gress had previously noted, that esti mated savings on appropriations and expenditures are two different things. It seems important to quote Mr. Tru man on this matter, as the budget is bound to have a vital place in the 1948 political drama. Note what he says: “When we come to consider the changes in the expenditure side of the budget in detail, we must consider the differences between expenditures in a given fiscal year and the authority to incur obligations which result in ex penditures. Appropriations and ex penditures are by no means the same thing. “The Congress, by enacting ap propriations and contract authoriza tions, empowers government agencies to incur obligations. The appropria tions permit expenditure of money in payment of these obligations. In the case of the oontract authorizations, an ‘appropriation to liquidate’ is re quired before expenditures can be made to pay off the obligations. “Expenditures occur when obliga tions are paid off. Thus, appropria tions to permit obligations this year may not affect expenditures until next year or the year after. On the other hand, this year’s expenditures in part pay off obligations incurred under earlier appropriations. In the case of government corporations, moreover, only a small part of the expenditures is made from appropriated funds, and the receipts of the corporations are generally treated as offsets against their expenditures. For these reasons, we can expect no precise correspondence between appropriations and budget ex penditures in any one fiscal year.” The President was dealing with grim reality when he reminded the American people that “about three fourths of our expenditures relate di rectly to war, the effects of war, or our efforts to prevent a future war.” Reduced to levels we can understand, he showed that 28 per cent of the ex penditures provided for 1948 are for national defense, 20 per cent for vet erans’ service and benefits, 14 per cent for interest on the national debt—large ly a result of war—and almost 12 per cent for our international programs and activities for world peace. Only 27 per cent is available for all other govern ment programs. As these tot up to 101 per cent it is to be supposed that somewhere in the computations a broad estimate was substituted for an exact figure. It may be true, as Mr. Truman de clared, that high prices, taxes, incomes and employment will produce the big gest treasury surplus in the nation’s history. If it all works out this way, the people will ultimately have some relief from the tax burden. Here’s hoping. Further Streamlining When General Eisenhower was mas ter-minding the invasion of Germany he received regular reports from the three commanding officers who head ed the invasion armies. His orders went down through ranks. By way of contrast, if every high official directly responsible to Presi dent Truman had a thirty-minute talk with him, the Chief Executive would be tied up continuously for three months. To strike a, balance between General Eisenhower’s program and Mr. Tru man’s, a commission of twelve men has been created with the purpose oi streamlining White House interviews. Former President Herbert Hoover has accepted the chairmanship of the com mission, on the understanding that this is to be the last assignment he is to receive. He will make his report to Congress next January. With his skill in handling detail, acquired as an engineer, it is to be expected that the President (any Presi dent) will be relieved of the heavy burden of receiving official callers and official reports from the many per sons now eligible to consume so much of his time. The Congressional Directory lists them as the ten Cabinet departments, plus twenty-three commissions, eleven boards, seven offices, two councils, three authorities, four committees, four agencies, two administrations and mis cellaneous corporations, institutions, societies, banks and systems. As Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1947, By King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, Aug. 20 — All I mean to say about baseball in the low minors, where they travel by bus and live as high as they can on $2.50 a day on the road, is that they give the customers just as much for a dollar as the major leagues do. Just as much base ball, but not just the same. The low-minors give you a lot of offense and just enough defensive skill to get the side out before to morrow. Jim Bynon, an outfielder of the Bisbee Yanks, of the Arizona-Texas league, recently hit in 34 consecutive games. In 148 times at bat in that stretch, he got 48 hits, 22 of them for extra bases, and drove in 35 runs. At last, coming to bat in the 11th inning for the seventh time in the ^ame, he was a third out, while another rellow named Marv Kranda, an outfielder for El Paso, was run ning up a string himself. The last time I heard a call on Kranda, he had hit in 28 consecutive games, To be sure, the pitching is low-minor, but still they have their 3 to 2 games and an occasional tight shutout. Practically always there are at least a few errors. I would call three a few. From five to seven would be several. More than that I call numerous. Bill Lucas, the sport editor of the Tucson Citizen, recently led off his story as follows: “ten runs in a big sixth inning on six hits, two walks, a sacrifice, an error and a hit batsman, gave the Tucson Cowboys a 14-10 verdict over the Phoenix Senators here last night. Cactus Jack Carmichael won his sixth straight victory but he was hardly impressive, for he gave ten hits, walked the same number and fanned nine.” In the sixth 13 men hit for Tucson and from start to finish every man on the club got at least one hit except Mike DeJan, an out fielder, who was hit by the pitcher twice. On July 19, the Bisbee Yanks beat El Paso, 33 to 10, and ten days later Tucson beat El Paso, 23 to 5. There were 53 hits in the first of these games and 31 in the other. At the second game, Mrs. Fred Heide, of 2222 East Second street, Tucson, won a $100 door prize. This happy event adorned a pleasant social custom of the Arizona-Texas league. At a recent gift-night in Bisbee Whitehead and Collier donated a pressure cooker; Phil lips Brothers gave a set of matched table lamps and the Phelps-Dodge Mercantile Co. put up an electrical thing that cooks a whole meal at once. For this purpose, night is spel led “nite,” P-D Mercantile is that ancient and detested institution, the company store, in Bisbee run by the copper company. Nobody has to buy there, but sometimes, by the size of the crowds, you would think trading was compulsory, as at the old Delano company stores in the Pennsylvania coal fields, run by the you-know family. One night in Bisbee was “Douglas night,” or “nite,” when the beauty and chivalry of Douglas, far across the flat where the smelter is. came oyer in a “motorcade” and some Mexican clientele from Agua Prieta, too. Some of us remember when Agua Prieta was the dateline ot a noisy little battle in one of the Mexican revolutions. It lies just across the street from Douglas and some of the bullets slipped, causing un rest on our side. Outside the little town, which contained some of the most mournful-looking brothels in the history of sin during our recent war, there are still a few little wooden cross es, bending lower and lower with the years, honoring Mexican soldiers, known-but to God. but probably illiterate desperados, at that. In that game which Bisbee won from El Paso, 33 to 10, Mr. Bynon was unable to play, having a bad ankle, so a pitcher named Charlie Pickett took his place in the outfield and hit a homer and a double and dr we in four. The next day Mr. Pickett was sent to Fond Du Lac on option. Joe Valenzula, the winning pitcher, got six hits and scored six runs in six times at bat. In another game, El Paso scored six runs in the first inning on five hits and three bases on balls before a man was out, but had to go 11 innings to win it, 11 to 9. In the first halt of me season m league, Juarez easily won but dropped out because the ball-yard had no lighting plant and the team could draw a daylight crowd at home only on Sunday afternoons. The elder statesmen therefore organized an orphan club based in Mesa, which is more a desert locali ty than a conscious town, and that Mesa chamber of commerce will sprinkle the high way with tacks when I come by next winter. The trouble in most minor leagues is the trouble with most people, and not merely young people or young athletes either. They won’t try. They won’t practice. A manager and coaches can’t do anything for some young mass of bone surrounded by muscle who thinks he knows all about baseball and won t look at a lesson or run them out. They get sullen when they meet their equals or their betters and drop away content to boast that they once played professional ball. But some of them know baseball is play, and play it for pay, like a pitcher named Gene Smith who went seven innings in one game for Bisbee and then caught the second game because the varsity catcher had been slugged from behind in an argument. I haven’t heard of a major league player since Dizzy Dean who liked baseball well enough to play for fun, as Dizzy did when he put himself in as a pinch-runner in a World Series at St. Louis and went into second as tall as he could stretch to block a throw, and took it on the back of his head. There is a Mexican outfit called the Tamale league ranging from Nogales down into old Mexico, but they finished up early and our pesple hear little about these clubs, even in Arizona, although the best professionals free ly admit that there are some fine Mexican players. One reason is that they are casual about their contracts and records. Another is Jim Crow. They come and they drift along. They change names. Some of them may be outlaws. For several years, Hal Chase, Shoe less Joe Jackson and several other old fugi tives from organized baseball played along the border and below. This year there were clubs in Nogales, Cananea, Obregon. Hermo sillo, Empalme and Santa Ana. Old custom called for a keg of beer at^hh^. “DUTCHMAN’S BRITCHES” _ /TjPVBCiY AM//TTEe^L• f £ i —1 The Eisenhower Entry By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON— General of the Army Dwight D Eisenhower has just returned to Washington from his summer vacation - inspection trip. Besides the gigantic prob lems of American security in a troubled world, he has found wait ing for him at the capital another problem of a more personal na ture. This is the problem of the Eisenhower presidential candi dacy. Whether the general likes it or not—and he has given every indi cation that he dislikes it intensely —his presidential prospects now constitute a very solid problem in deed. A new phase began with the announcement that Eisenhower would become president of Co lumbia university in January, which at least made him techni cally available. Since then, signs have been accumulating of an other of those rather sheep - like stampedes which are customary among the rich men who back presidential hopefuls. These denizens of the New York and other financial districts are, in most cases, rather like unin formed but enthusiastic bettors on horse races. They want to pick the winner. Each new rumor fly ing round the track sends them crowding to the betting windows to get their money down the right way. A great many of them would now like to get their money down on Eisenhower. The only question is whether this superb entry, gen erally conceded to be the equal of any other animal in the Re publican sweepstakes, will run at all. In the last analysis, the answer to this vital question depends upon two rather mysterious quantities —General Eisenhower himself and the situation in Kansas. The Eis enhower candidacy would now be full-fledged, if there were ade quate foundation for the reports that the Kansas delegation has been committed to the general un der the leadership of the exceed ingly astute Roy Roberts, of “The Kansas City Star.” But these re ports are distinctly peeps into a future which has not yet material ized. There is no doubt that Eisen hower sentiment is strong in Kan sas, or that this strength will sur vive his becoming a New York resident. By the end of the war, of course, Eisenhower had been away from his native place for a long time. On his return, how ever, Kansas’ greeting to Eisen hower was organized by Roy Rob erts and other leading men. In the course of the celebrations, they saw much of him, and all were deeply impressed. This was the beginning of Roberts’s preference for an Eisenhower candidacy. Since that time, moreover, the general’s able brother, Milton Ei senhower, who , is rumored far more ambitious for the general than the general is himself, has become a leading Kansas figure as head of the State Agricultural .college. On the other hand, as of today, Kansas is emphatically not or ganized for Eisenhower. The most powerful of the state’s pro fessional politicians is the steel fabricator, Harry Darby, who is also Republican national commit Rolling The Bones At Rio By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON — At the Inter American Conference in Rio de Janeiro, there will be a lot of diplomatic lingo about unanimous agreements, vetoes, sanctions, procedures and such stuff which will be hard to read and consider ably duller than the Brewster Hughes brawl. But there is one thing American newspaper read ers will be able to get from even the most superficial following of the news from Brazil. That will be how the Argentine delegation Denaves. This Rio conference has been put off for more than two years for the single reason that the gov ernment of President Juan T. Peron has been on probation in the eyes of all other American re publics. The Argentine govern ment was the only one of these countries not present at the Mexi co City conference in March, 1945. Ae Act of Chapultepec was drawn up at this conference. It recommended the drafting of a treaty to stop acts of aggression against any American country by six lines of action, ranging from mild to strong: Recall of ambassadors: sever ing diplomatic relations; breaking off consular relations; cutting off postal, wire and radio communi cations; ending trade and banking relations, and the use of armed force. After the Act of Chapultepec was agreed to. March 3, 1945, the other American republics decided to appeal to Argentina to change its policies, join the United Na tions, declar war on the Axis, sign the Declaration of the UN, and adhere to the Act of Chapulte pec. On March 27, 1945, Argentina declared war on Japan, primari ly, and on Germany, secondarily, merely because the Nazis hap pened to be partners of the Japs. The Peron government also agreed to the Act of Chapultepec. On this basis, Argentina was in vited to the San Francisco confer ence and became a charter mem ber of the UN. But the Argen tines never did. sign the Decla ration of the Uniteu Nations. It has been evasive performance of this kind and talk out of both sides of the mouth that has made the Argentine suspect in the Unit ed States and delayed the Rio con ference until now. Officially, the U. g. end Argen tine governments have patched things up. President Truman ac cepted the resignations of both As sistant Secretary of State Spruille Braden, who diun’t like Peron, and Ambassador George Messer smith, who did. That doesn’t mean that either the Braden or the Mes sersmith policy is now being fol lowed. It merely means that the President wanted to make a fresh start with a new team under Sec retary of State George Marshall The new team is led by Norman Armour in Braden’s place and James Bruce—an ex-milk compa ny executive and a diplomatic un known—in Messersmith’s job at Bufenos Aires. In the meantime, double - talk from Argentine is still heard. On July 6, Peron made a big speech which every Argentine radio sta tion and newspaper had to carry, every citizen was supposed to read or listen to, every upper grade school kid was supposed to write themes on. Among other high - sounding ut terances, Peron said that the Ar gentine's “spiritual and material resources had been mobilized for peace. . .We Argentines believe that the countries which suffered so horribly in the war have a right to a better life.” Well, look at the record. The Argentine was not a member of UNRRA and contributed nothing to it, though it did sell over $20 million worth of supplies to other countries which did support UNR RA. The Argentine has never joined the International Food and Agriculture Organization. It only observed. On the day of Peron’s speech, the Argentine Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship sent a note to Secretary of State Marshall. It has just been made public. It is full of pious declarations about adhering to pacifist principles. Secretary Marshall has just re plied politely, in effect, that this is dandy. But the thing to watch at the Rio conference and after is how well the Peron government lives up to these principles. If the United States starts pour ing out arms, loans and other as sistance as demanded, without full guarantees on what is to be done in return for these favors, it is most apt to be played lor a suck er. This guy still needs watching. teeman. Darby is a Thomas E. Dewey man thus far, and is even expected to be one of the New York governor’s western mana gers. A contest for the senatorship is also on foot between former Governor Andrew Schoeppel and the incumbent, the aging Arthur Capper. Capper has at last begun to lose his famous acrobatic tal ent for keeping both ears to the ground at once. Schoeppel is sup ported by Darby and is expected to defeat Capper. Consequently, by all the rules, Schoeppel will also work with Darby in shaping up the state delegation to the Re publican convention. There remains the Republican party’s 1936 nominee, former Gov ernor Alf M. Landon, whose trail ing clouds of former glory have begun to thin out to mere wisps. Schoeppel ana Landon are at odds. Possibly he resents Darby’s pow er with the state organization. Landon cannot deliver the state, yet the rumors of “Kansas for Eisenhower” seem to originate in Landon’s perambulations of the East. None the less, the rumors could begin to become realities tomor row if Roy Roberts really decided to charge into the fray on behalf of his champion. The political leaders of both Kansas and Mis souri have confidence in Mr. Rob erts, and are healthily aware that they have got to live with him and his very considerable influence. Darby may be for Dewey now, but Kansas is likely to be for Ei senhow'er In the end if Roberts so desires. If that occurs, the threat to Governor Thomas E. Dewey will be very grim indeed. Dewey is almost certain to have to win the Republican nomination on second-ballot switches. If Ei senhower has a solid base in Kan sas, and an active organizer in Roberts, the second ballot switch es are equally likely - perhaps more likely—to go to Eisenhower. Roberts has let it be known that he will do nothing to “embarrass'’ his friend. The fact that he has remained passive to date is the clearest proof of the sincerity of what Eisenhov/er has said on the subject of his candidacy. It should also be taken as a warning by the money bettors. As to what may occur in the future, however, none can foretell, except that what ever Eisenhower does will be con sistent with a character of high integrity and patriotism. Copyright, 1947, New York Herald Tribune Inc. SUPERMUTT Father: “Sorry, son, but we can’t buy this mutt.” Son: “He’s no mutt; he’s four kinds of thoroughbreds.” __—American Girl Aching Joints Afflict Aged By WILLIAM A. O'BRIex m • Whe"Joint cartilages we’a f "• m middle and late life thP , and ligaments near the"aff 5 joints become inflamed rpt ,Cted in a form of chronic rheun^r* known as osteo-arthritis Vh " no cure for these changes aUhe^ much can be done to relieve • painful symptoms. '■* Osteo-arthritis is essential! aging process and women '' 1 monly develop it after the pause. Men engaged in phv;!:;j; labor or sports get it in th, V ‘ they use most. It is more 'com in heavy people because ni' extra pounds their joints ., carry. Poor posture ultima-eh * ’ suits in osteo-arthritis as rect sitting or standing Caus-"C0"' tra wear on the cartilage* in lower back region. Wallh’ e properly because of ^ ' A fracture produces joint chan°c-C'“ the affected limb or in of the body. first sign that osteo-arthritm developing is a slight joim ness. Pain may become m constant as the enlarged ". ■' crackle when moved. Tne diVa',' most often occurs in the knee, spine and fing rs. Patients with osteo-arthritis so not show signs of general illness like the victims of rheumatoid arthritis, although it is possible to have both varieties of arthritis at the same time. X-ray examination of patients with osteo-arthritis re veals that the ends of the bore, which make up the joint ar? closer together because of the thinning of the cartilage. Type of disability from osteo arthritis depends on the joints which are affected. As. file ma jority of patients are overweight they limp because their knees and hips have worn out cartilage. When one hip is involved, pain de velops along the course of the sci atic nerve, confusing the condition i with sciatica. When the hands am affected, small thickenings de velop on the fingers which. a: first, are tender and swollen bn later are mainly disfiguring. Patients with osteo-arthrri, should not expect their joint de formities to disappear following treatment. Pain and stiffness the joints of overweight patient; will improve after weight reduc tion. Resting the affected joint applying heat, and wearing brae - are helpful. Joint pains follow'!::, the menopause can be relieved by injections of female sex hormone; Pulling the teeth in osteo-arthrii; will not result in a cure, as the condition is not caused by an u fection. QUESTION: Is it inadvisable, bt cause of danger of infantile pa.: lysis infection, to have a child'; tonsils removed in August:’ ANSWER: When infantile pa., lysis becomes prevalent in a cotr munity, physicians recommenc ' deferment of all tonsil opera:. .. if possible. — ROLLING SEA AND SPARKLING SPRAY A rumbling, tumbling, foat Njnray Comes rolling shoreward, night a day; Unceasingly, these billows roar And break upon the sandy shore j They wave and arch, and seem in curl, And rising high, like flags, ur. furl; Thqn charging like a mighty hos: They toss bright gems along the coast. In summer's sun, they tr.e tr trance; As Tong the shore they seeir » dance; They each reflect God's wir or. high. And as life's precious niomer.' fly By William F. Ka.e Comments NOTHING FOR THE SCRAPBOOK Senora Peron, wife of the Ar' gentine president, changed he- , mind -and crossed England off -e j itinerary of her European junst Probably just as well. With By tain’s new cut in newsprint, ire photogenic Eva would have m. -- • out on all that expensive ph° °' graphic coverage to which hel semi-triumphal tour must i>av* accustomed her.—Danville a Register. THOSE SHORT SHORTS I just read The Pilot abou; the “short shorts.” I certainly wou like to shake hands on this. • girl would look much nicer e'ej with a print dress on. You car blame a man for smiling ’-vhe-r you try to show him hov. sbor you can wear shorts. Girls, 16 wear our shorts at home and no on main street.—“C. A.’ ■" letter to the editor of the Sou* e-m Pines Pilot. Two Courts Martial An Editorial from the New York Times One of the biggest gripes of Army and Navy enlisted men dur ing and since the war was that there were two different standards of justice. There was one for the enlisted man. There was another for the officer. Two recent Navy courts-martial lend credence to that complaint. One was the court martial of Lieut. Comdr. Edward N. Little, an Annapolis graduate. The other was the court-martial of Chief Signalman Harold E. Hirschberg. The charges against the two men were substantially the same: mistreatment of fellow Americans over whom they had authority in Japanese prisoner of war camps. Yet Hirschberg was tried in public and Mr. Little was tried privately —at his own request, the Navy explained. The American public had full access to the testimony given against Hirschberg and thus could arrive at its own evaluation and the justice of the verdict It would not even have known of the Little court-martial had not some newspaper men learned of it and broadcast what facts they could gather. Hirschberg was found guilty. Little was acquitted. Perhaps both verdicts were justified. But th* o u t-of-court statements given witnesses against Little bear 1 very strong resemblance to t testimony given against : berg in the open court - mm" enough, at least, to raise ^ in the public mind as '° / > equality of justice dispensed T two cases. There has to be a differential*; between the status of an oh and an enlisted man. The f»: !l ■ has responsibilities not shaimi - the latter, at least not in eq-■ measure. But when ei.her n cused of a breach of reguh there should be no difference the procedure of hearing charges and in the dispensa1 justice. Those Congressional ('^:r. tees which have been survey ni military law with the ‘ T.jj. bringing it more in line " ■ 1 ' ^ ian law—but in the last - sion did not even hold on a Navy bill—might "'el‘ into that ? of Navy J" which apr permits a ■ cer to ge' -ret tnaj " efore asks for qual just.ce the law ;s one of the fou' flUjj of American civil life- - ' be applied to military ”'e .