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WEATHER __ Served By Leased Wires Hum- BBB ^^®'V''. I BH I A iccnmTPn pRrcc dershowers this afternoon. Little change AShULlAlrjll rtilaOD temperature today ^■^.(. PP Hh^P AM HB| PPPp and the litU^^ar^e^i^temj^rat^ure CSuifday 'and 'M ^il H UNITED PRE<3S day afternoon. sun- j ^ PUBLISHED IN/ | | I ^1 iPP P P WRta»^m^,NltiraLe^N!^w•0, | —- tlVIKIII WKT ©aw ©F g>Ej?@®BEg3 &ME> [?|l,lf Agy'iaB Th> VOL. 19.—NO. 35. WILMINGTON, N. C., SUNDAY, AUGUST 24, 1947 SECTION A—PRICE TEN CENlfe More Loans To England Frowned On J. Melville Broughton De fends Tobacco Farmers From Loss LEAF MARKET HURT Says England Not Using Loans To Purchase From The U. S. FARMVILLE, Aug. 23— W — Former Governor J. Melville Broughton, speaking here today bc;ore a meeting of the Eastern r olina Warehouse association, n-«cd that conditions be placed on fjture loans to Great Britain in o dor to protect the American far n n "'Attlee, according to a report in the New York Times, declared that the curtailment of British pr -chases of tobacco from the United Slates already had obtain ed this result, Broughton said. “One of the avowed purposes ol this nation's loan to Great Britain a-as to make possible the pur chase of American goods and commodities,” Broughton said. “I •vas in favor of that loan, and will be in favor of helping Great Bri tain again—if that becomes neces sary. But it should be understood that any further loan carries the firm condition that Great Britain will rofrain from any tax or action designed to reduce the income of the American farmer. “This nation is, and should be. a good neighbor and ally to Great Britain. But we cannot be that at the costs of destroying of reduc ing -.he American standard of liv ing. Congress must take the ne- . cessary measures to afeguard the farmers from any such at tempt on the part of Great Bri tain or any other nation.” WEST’S HEAT WAVE ENDING : Reports Say Cool Air Flowing South Through Iowa BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A germ of hope that the mid west’s current six-day heat siege might be broken by Monday or Tuesday was held out Saturday by federal forecasters. The weather men emphasized that it was only a “possibility,” but stated that the cold air in the Rockies Saturday night might dip South to Montana and North Da kota Sunday. Tiie cooler air could flow father south, bringing relief from 33 to 100-degree temperatures by Mon day to Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Kakota, Nebraska, Iowa and northern Illinois. Meanwhile, however,. reports of actual and threatened corn crop failures became more general Sat urday and much of Iowa’s corn was reported by agriculture de partment officials to be at “the limit of endurance.” Spotty relief for crops was fore cast in the form of thundershow ers during the week-end in scat tered locations in the northern plains. 12 CASES POLIO ALBEMARLE, Aug. 23—(£>)—12 cases of infantile paralysis diag nosed in Stanley county, James P. Sifford, county school superinten °en'. has announced that all schools, scheduled to open Mon ey. will be closed at least another week. A quarantine on all children under 15 gathering in public Places is in effect. The Weather Meteorological data for *the 24 hours •nding 7:30 p.m. yesterday. Temperatures _ 1:30 a.m. 74; 7:30 a.m. 74; 1:30 p.m. 87; 7:30 p.m. 77. Maximum 38; Minimum 72; Mean 80; formal 77. , Humidity „ ; 30 a.m. 97; 7:30 a.m. 97; 1:30 o.m. 60; 7:-0 p.m. 90. Precipitation lorn! for 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m. — 0 00 inches. Total since the first of the month —. 410 inches. Tides For Today ^I'om the Tide Tables pubilshed by S- Coast and Geodetic Survey) High Low • ‘ !S'-on . 3:42 a.m. 10:57 a.m. «, 4:25 p.m. 11:39 p.m. d'C;;boi . Inlet 1:31a.m. 7:46 a.m. c 2:22 p.m. 8:40 p.m. 1:40; Sunset 6:49; Moonrise 2:08 Pn : M. onset 11:41 p.m. . : ;' l; Mage at Fayetteville, N. C. at 8 1 Saturday, 11.7 feet. birr.'SHIXGTON’ Aug- 23.—(./p)—Weather :J |," 1 report of temperature and rain - 1-he 24 hours ending 8 p.m., in the ; 1 cotton growing areas and else v ‘i,,n High Low Free. Rr , '-1 - 30 71 0.16 et:'r - 87 68 ■ . .nooga - 96 68 ‘ ,:R'’ - 97 76 0.17 t>;.- so 57 0.08 li: . ..— 90 69 ■ —- - 89 74 .0:. vi lie - 94 72 0.75 city —n-100 — I 88 74 0.24 V , 'n’Wles - 83 52 .. - T-hlS _ qo r-n 1 ,V1 - - so 75 0.70 yl,. V-'eans - 37 73 0.23 p£L>ork -- 83 76 T>..?i:\ ■■■--.-. 99 69 £ ’w<i Me. - _ 56 .'i — - 89 68 S 102 77 t . ;‘ ^nio - 94 72 0.33 !-cisco - 67 54 S ; -- 92 75 0.15 ' 71 53 5 s Kington _ gg n g.og Wife Tortured, Husband Jailed ROBERT EUGENE LEWIS (right), 23-year-old former GI from Kewanee, III., appears in jail at Jacksonville, Ela., where he is held under $5,000 bond after his estranged.wife Mrs. Jewell Ledford Lewis (left), charged that he carved his initials on her thight and beat her during an eight-hour drunken rampage. Specifically, the 190-pound Lewis is charged with “assault to commit murder” and a “crime against nature.” Mrs. Lewis, who weighs only 90-pounds, told police Lewis asked her to go to his hotel room to sign some papers so he could get back into the army. When she entered the room, she said her husband tied her to a bed and began to beat and slash her. “He told me he was going to show me whether I was his wife and threat ened to repeat the beatings once a week until I learned it for sure,” she said. (AP Wirephoto). _ Churchill's Proposal Rejected By Moi^ison LONDON, Aug. 23.—(JP)—Acting Prime Minister Her bert Morrison tonight rejected Winston Churchill’s plea for Britain to return to free enterprise and accused Churchill of damaging the nation’s cause in the midst of its worst economic crisis. Morrison, laborite lord presi dent of the council and prime minister while Clement Attlee is on vacatin, spoke over the home network of the British Broadcast ing corporation. He made it clear that the labor government was de termined to go ahead with its pro gram of Socialization. Churchill, in a radio speech last Saturday night, had called for a return to free enterprise as the only solu tion to Britain's suffering and had blamed Socialist schemes for a major part of the trouble. “No, this government is not go ing back to competitive selection as the conservatives would prac tice it,” Morrison said. “We’re going forward to a transformed and strengthened Britain in which everyone can work to a purpose. “We will have to work to get ther, too—all of us-. The govern ment can’t do the whole job. It can plan the strategy—the strategy of peacetime prosperity — and show the way.” He’ regretted that Churchill, leader of the conservative parly, had not taken the opportunity in his speech to appeal to Britons to pull together “in these times of stress and difficulty.” “Instead he close to make a part political speech calculated to weaken our solidarity and will to get through and to damage us. . . at a moment when so much de pends upon the willingness of other to supply us with fcod and raw materials. . .” Morrison said. Morrison said he did not claim that the labor government Was perfect. “We have made mistakes, we have not always guessed right and if we were starting again we would certainly do some things differently,” he said. “But what perhaps seems our greatest fault in the short run has been some thing which I am convinced in tne long run is right. “We have relied perhaps more than we should have done on peo ple as a whole understanding and acting on Britain’s need and we have avoided as long as possible handing out drastic decrees. We have tried to create a sort of planned society in which much of the driving froce would come from the bottom upwards rather than from the top downward.” CLINTON BOY KILLED BY CAR Four-Year-Old Robert Lee West Dies; No Ar rests Made CLINTON, Aug. 23—Robert Lee West, four-yeaf-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Oliver West, was killed in stantly this afternoon when he ran into the path of an automobile, according to State Highway Pa trolman H. M. Petty, who inves tigated. Remus H. Powell, Sampson county man, driver of the car, turned the vehicle over in an ef fort to avoid the accident. Patrol man Petty said. Neither the driver nor an unidentified passen ger were injured. The accident occurred one mile from here on the Fayetteville highway directly in front of the child’s home. Although no arrests have been made an inquest will be cnoduct ed Monday at 9 a.m., in the of fice of Dr. J. S. Ayers, coroner. The body of the victim was taken to a local funeral home, but arrangements have not been com pleted. WRECK VICTIMS ALAMANCE, Aug. 23 - CU.R)— Furreral services vill be held Sun day fcr 10-year-old J. Clarence Vincent. Jr., who was struck by a car near his heme yesterday. He died in a hospital soon after the accident. U.S. MAKES NEW PETKOV PROTEST Instruct? Embassy To Go Direct To Moscow With Life Plea WASHINGTON, Aug. 23 —OT— The United States took directly to Moscow today its effort to save Nikola Petkov, Bulgarian anti communist leader, from the death sentence imposed by a “People’s court” in Bulgaria. The State Department announc ed it has instructed the Moscow embassy to follow up with the Soviet foreign office the protest already made to Lt. Gen. Alexan der Cherepanov in Sofia against his blocking of aa review of Pet kov’s case by the Allied Control commission for Bulgaria. Cherepanov blocked an Ameri can-British proposal for a com mission review by declining yes terday to agree to it. All com mission decisions must be unani mous. Earlier this week, Maj. Gen. Walter Robertson, U. S. member of the commiseion, asked a re view on grounds that Petkov’s conviction of plotting to overthrow the Bulgarian government “ap pears to be a gross miscarriage of justice.” Cherepanov took the stand that the case was “purely an internal Bulgarian matter” outside the commission’s province. Dominicans Charge Gautemala, Venezuela With War Intrigue CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican Republic, Aug. 23.—(U.R)—The Do minican government today charged Gautemala and Venezuela with contributing war planes and large sums of money for the revolution ary expedition a'legedly being pre pared in Cuba against this coun try. A statement issued by the offi cial Dominican information center alleged that a revolutionary army continued to train in Cuba “for the purpose of overthrowing the Tru jillo adminisration” here. Argentina Supports Conference Majority PETROPOLIS Brazil Aug. 23 —(U.R) — A six-nation subcom mittee, after what was de scribed as “violent disagree ment,” tonight tentatively ac cepted the United States pro posal that armed attack^ by “any state upon an American state shall be considered an attack against all.” BY NORMAN CARIGNAN QUITANDINHA, Brazil, Aug. 23 —Iff—Argentina today adhered to her stand against force to slop inter-American conflicts but ad mitted that aggression should be branded ae such whether from within or without the western hemisphere. This position, together with Ar gentina’s insistence on a unani mous vote in taking joint hemi spheric action against aggression, rather than the two-thirds majori ty rule favored by the United States, constitute the two mam obstacles to agreement on a mu tual defense pact in the 20-nation inter-American conference. Argentine Delegate Pascual La Rose told a closed session of a subcommittee on aggression that treaty measures permitting indi vidual or collective emoloyment of force in the event of attack from without should be adopted. (Continued on Page Two, Col. 1) Sneak Tropical Storm Threatens 200 Miles Of Texas Coast Line; Greek King Orders New Cabinet Tsaldaris Will Form Government Given Carte Blanche By King, He Tells News men Last Night By L. S. CHAKALES ATHENS, Greece, Aug. 23.—(ff) —King Paul tonight instructed Constantin Tsaldaris to form a new' Greek cabniet a few hours after an internal dispute brought about the collapse of the govern ment of royalist Premier Deme trios Maximos. Tsaldaris is a formr premier and like Maximos is a member of the Royalist Populist party— the strongest political organiza tion in parliament. On leaving the palace Tsaldaris told newsmen he had been given carte blanche by the king in form ing the new government He de clared he would endeavor to in clude all political parties—includ ing the liberals and those whose withdrawal today , caused the crisis—in the cabinet. Tsaldaris added that he expected to an nounce his list of ministers Mon day. Maximos’ cabinet fell unexpect edly after its members disagreed over the effectiveness of rightist measures against Communist-led guerrillas. King Paul promptly told political leaders that Greece’s current peril precluded her being without a government for “even a few hours.” As soon as possible after the new government is formed parliament will be convened and new elec tions will be held, Tsaldaris said. The word “party” will be deleted in the functioning of his cabinet, the premier-designate added. Tsaldaris did not say whether he would name Napoleon Zervas as a minister. The fall of the Maximos cabinet was provoked in part by a demand that Zervas be removed from the key ministry of public order. Although it was understood that Tsaldaris probably would ask Zervas to say, there was some speculation that he might be of fered another portfolio. This marks the second time that Tsaldaris has been called to head the government. He was vice premier and foreign minister in Maximos’ cabinet. (The United States has backed the Greek government with $300, 000.000 to aid in economic re covery and restore order. U. S. State Department officials in Washington said privately that they (Continued on Page Two, Col. 3) ‘THINK IT OVER IN JAIL/ JUDGE TELLS FARM WOMAN SHELBY, Aug. 23— (U.E) —A mid dle-aged rural woman will have the weekend in jail to “think it over.” Mrs. Teeny Cook’s testimony at Recorders’ court here today con flicted with that of arresting of ficers. A deputy sheriff said it was whiskey mash and 29 quarts of “white lightning” he found in the woman’s home. “It was dog food!” Mrs. Cook stoutly declared. “Think it over — in jail,” said the judge. “I already have,” she shouted a* a jailer led her away, r--- l Margaret Truman and Conductor MARGARET TRUMAN, who made her public debut m the Holly wood Bowl, last night, goes through her music with Conductor Eugene Ormandy during piano rehearsals in Hollywood. Ormandy, musical director of the Philadelphia Symphony, conducted the orchestra ac companying the President’s danghter. (AP Wirephoto)._ Sec. Royall Here; Wants To Be ‘Home’ Secretary of War Kenneth Royall left a question mark yesterday behind speculation that he may be a candidate for the North Carolina Democratic gubernatorial nomina tion next May. He and Mrs. Royall are the week-end guests of Mr. and Mrs. Hargrove Bellamy of Wrightsville Beach. “I have always wanted to be governor of North Carolina,” the Wayne county native said, “but at this time I have no idea wheth er or not I can become a candi date. I do not even know when I can return home, as I have long wanted to do. I feel it my duty to remain in Washington at least through the first stages of the uni fication of the armed services. Under the congressional ap proved armed forces merge, Sec retary Royall next month will be come secretary of the army, with out cabinet rank. “Not feeling in position to do so, I have not asked anyone to support me, even conditionally, nor have I inquired as to whether any person would support me,” he said. “It seems needless to say that I have not been critical of any present or prospective candi dates.” Secretary Royall eaid that he saw no danger of a Third World War' in the reasonably near fu ture, but added that any comment on what he might term the “rea sonably near future” would be only a guess. He reiterated his belief in uni versal training, and said that the War Department in doing every thing within its power to promote the National Guard and armed forces reserve. Highest type per sonnel, he said, will be picked for officers. * PARAGUAY STRIFE OVER; RELIGIOUS SERVICE PLANNED ASUNCION, Paraguay, Aug. 23 —(AP)—President Higinio Morinigo’s government, which announced on Thursday that it had emerged vic torious in Paraguay’s civil war, lifted completely today the eur few enforced in Asuncion since the start of hostilities March 7. City officials announced that a mass would be offered tomorrow for those killed in the fighting. EGYPTIANS AGAIN CONDEMN AMERICA Second Demonstration Re ported; Death Toll Three CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 23—(A>)—An. Egyptian mob—protesting because the United Nations security coun cil has not ordered British troops oiit of .the Nile valley — surged through the streets of Cairo to night shouting “long live Russia and Poland.’’ ft was the second demonstration of this sort in as many days. As was the case yesterday the Egyptian shouted “down with im perialism, down with England, down with America the traitor.'’ A policeman was injured when members of the crowd, estimated to number more than 500 persons, stoned a truckload of police who tried to disperse them. Two persons injured in yester day’s demonstration died today in ! Cairo, bringing the death toll to three, official sources said. State Chiropodist Gets National Association Post GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., Aug. 23.—(fl5)—Dd. Leo N. Liss of San Francisco, was electfed president of the National Association of Chiropodists today at the 35th an nual convention. Other officers elected by the 800 delegates included Dr. Fred Isaacs of Durham, N. C., vice president elect Red Cross Flying Disaster Workers To Aid If Needed Full Force of 75-Mile Gale Expected To Hit Galveston At Midnight, Two A. M. Wil mington Time, Weather Men Say GALVESSTON, Tex., Aug. 23.—(ff)—■'Two hundred miles of the Rich Texas coastal country were battended down late tonight in preparation for a tropical storm that sneaked close to the shoreline before being discovered by ever alert weather observers. Th weather bureau in a 9:30 p. m. advisory described the disturbance as a tropical storm whirling off the Texas coast over the Gulf of Mexico which might reach hurricane proportions before striking the coast near Galveston about midnight. (Wilmington time would be two a. m., Sunday.) MISS TRUMAN MAKES DEBUT Attracts 15,000 And More In The Hollywood Bowl HOLLYWOOD, Aug. 23— UP) — Southern California music lovers began filing into Hollywood bowl in large groups tonight two hours before the President’s 23-year-old daughter, Margaret Truman, was scheduled to make her concert de but a§ soprano soloist. Bowl officials predicted (he ctowd probably would top 15,000. Miss Truman, accompanied by her manager and voice coach, Mrs. Margaret A. Strickler, and secret service men, arrived about 7:15 p. m. (PST). She was to take the stage for her first group of songs about 9:15 p. «a. (PST). (12:15 a. m. Sunday, Wilmington time). „ , “Margaret is not in the least bit nervous,’’ said Mrs. Strickler, as the young soprano busied her self with dressing and making up. Her debut gown was to be a white, wide-flared affair, and Miss Tru man insisted on personally hand ling all details of her makeup and dress. The second largest audience of the bowl season was indicated. A Gershwin Memorial concert con ducted by Paul Whiteman drew a near-capacity crown of almost 20,000. Miss Truman’s audience topped crowds drawn by such sea soned artists as Jose Iturbi, 12,000; Arthur Rubenstein and the ballet Russe, each 11,000. A bowl spokes man said. Louise Overell, George Collum To Start Defense SANTA ANA, Calif., Aug. 23— (JP)—Louise Overall and George Collum are about to present their defence to the charge they mur dered her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Walter E. Overall. Ever since March 15, when the 47-foot Overall yacht was dynamit ed to the bottom of Newport har bor, The state has been amassing evidence against the young college couple. . , , . On Monday the defence starts to get in its licks. It will mark the fourteenth week of murder trail that already established a new mark for longevity in California Father Of 13 Wins Again; No Complaint -- --:4r ---* Polliwog Truman Expected To Become A Shellback Crossing Equator Soon by frank eleazer WASHINGTON, Aug. 23— (U.R) — President Truman, still a polli wog, becomes a shellback next month, and navy sources prom ised tonight he will get the full treatment. A polliwog is anybody who has never crossed the equator aboard ship, particularly a navy ship. A shellback is a former polliwog who, upon crossing the equator, has been called to stand trial be fore the throne of King Neptune and has -met the test. Mr. Truman will cross the equa tor by air on his trip to Brazil next month, but on the return journey he will be aboard the Bat tleship Missouri. And on this awesome occasion, old salts among the Missouri’s sailors can be expec'ed to give their commander-in-chief what is known as the royal works. Mr. Truman, a man known to perpetrate a gag himself from time to time, probably would be greatly disappointed if he should be slighted in the traditional rites which, in sea 'lore, distinguish man from boy. He needn’t worry, well-informed navy men said tonight. He won’t be slighted. Neither will members of his party who— woe be unto them—fail to produce the treasured certificate of pro motion from polliwog to worthy shellback. For whether you've been before King Neptune’s court or not, you go again if you can’t produce that certificate. Some of the custmoary rough house, naturally, will be bypassed in the case of Mr. Truman. It would take a courageous seaman, indeed, to paddle his commander in-chief or prod him into a bath of oil. In other departments, however, Mr. Truman may get more than his share. Neptune’s prosecutors possibly are already at work on the “charges" Mr. Truman will face. Should these include an accusa tion that he j3 and has been a life-long Democrat, he is expected to plead guilty. Other charges may require a detailed defens. The way the gag usually goes,' the Missouri will be stopped the night before crossing the equator to take aboard Davy Jones, King Neptune’s number one boy. Davy brings a message from the king and lugs aboard also a sack full of charges and sum monses. In conference with the ship’s captain, he sets a date for the morrow for trials before Nep tune himself. This grizzled personage, gener ally the saltiest sailor aboard, duly investigates the polliwog's valor, in ways that vary but al ways are rugged. If Mr. Truman makes the grade —and this is highly probable—he will be duly certified a trusty shellback, entitled to all the priv ileges thereof, and more impor tant, safe from Neptunus Rex on future crossings. The late President Roosevelt, after taking his medicine on a trip to Rio in 1936, rated the post of Neptune himself on a later crossing. Part of his initiation consisted of fishing over the ship’s .rail for the odds and ends that were tied on his line by seamen at portholes below. BELL GARDENS, Cal., Aug. is —(U.R)—Los Angeles officials today found a legal loophole that saved Joseph J. Bray, 37, from county prosecution for eloping with a baby sitter, but how to get his wife and 10 children off relief was a more vexing problem. Mrs. Gladys Bray, living with 10 of her 13 children in a trailer, was still on relief rolls to the tune of $152.69 per month, and public assistance authorities appeared stymied in a plan to send them out of California. The husband, Bray, was held in Phoenix, Ariz., along with the baby sitter, chubby Betty Jo Rob erts. But the sheriff’s office dis carded plans to return him here on a possible statutory charge when Golden, Colo., authorities disclosed Betty Jo was 18 instead of 16 years, as first reported. Los Angeles officials immediate ly shoved Bray’s case over to the FBI for possible Mann Act inves tigation, and then considered ways of shifting the family from relief rolls. It looked, however, as though the family was without a state. They had been here for 16 months, getting about $2,500 in relief, and apparently lost their residence status in Arizona, where they (Continued on Page Five, Col. I) The bureau said that reconnais sance flights of Navy and Army planes reported the storm to be moving northwest at about 10 miles an hour, attended by 75-mile an-hour winds near its center. It was located about 100 miles southeast of Galveston at a lati tude of 28.2 and a longitude of 93.2. Nasty overcast weather with high tides was forecast. The first warning, issued at 1:45 came as thousands of voters of the 15 counties in the ninth Texas Congressional district were choos ing a successor to the late Rep. Joseph J. Mansfield, whd was re sponsible for many projects in this area intended to minimize danger, from seasonal hurricanes. Hurricane warnings immediate ly were ordered from Matagorjla: about half way up the crescent shape Texas coast, to High Is land, 25 miles East °f Galveston, northwest storm warnings south of Matogorda to Port O’Connor and northeast storm warnings of High Island to Lake Charles, La. It was the fourth tropical storm of the season in the Gulf of Mexi co. Only last Thursday a distur bance that caused uneasiness all along the coast from Florida to Texas dissipated into squalls off the upper Texas coast. The first distrubance struck along the lower Texas coast, caus ing several milion dollars damaga, mostly to crops. Ten days ago, another storm wrought great dam age in the vicinity of Tampico, Mex., and caused several deaths. Residents here, long-used to tropical storms, were securing storm shutters on their windows. P. J. Naughton weather metero logist, warned them to remain indoors during the storm to avoid danger of injuries from flying glass or other objects. Galveston is on the East and of Galveston island. Residents on the other end of the island were eau (Continued on Page Two, Col. >) INDO CEASE-FIRE ORDER A ‘FARCE’ Dutch Charge Indonesian* With Breaking Faith BATAVIA, Java, Aug. 23 — Dutch spokesman declared today that the Indonesian cease-fire or der was “a eham” and a Dutcij communique reported that Repub lican forcea were active on al most every front In Java In Sumatra. The communique laid the sharpest fighting since the cease fire order went into effect Aug. 5 occurred yesterday. Dutch cas ualties for the day were listed as three killed and 30 wounded. The communique said a Repub lican army unit was routed only nine miles West of Batavia, and. other isolated unite clashed with Dutch forces at nine points in West Java where Netherlands forces were conducting “mopping up” operatins. In central Java the heaviest fighting was reported at Salatiga, 37 miles North of Jogjakarta, a& the nearest point to the Republi can capital reached by the Dutch. The Dutch also charged the In donesians with “constant deeds of sabotage” in central Java, claim ing they were blowing up bridges between Tegal and Pekalongaru Gen. Wedemeyer Stresses Reform Needs In China NANKING, Sunday, Aug, 24.— tffi—Lit. Gen Albert C. Wedemeyer, concluding his fact-finding mission for President Truman in China, said today that the strife-torn country must “effect immediately far-reaching political and econo mic reforms.” China cannot eliminate the com munists by military force alone, the presidential envoy declared In a statement released just before he departed for Tokyo on his way back to the United States.