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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 31, 1947, SECTION A, Image 6

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i;,e Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
B B. Page, Publisher__
' Telephone All Departments 2-3311_
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton N C, Post IXfiee Undej Acl of Congress
of Match s. 1879
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the use for republication of all loc*1 new.
printed in this newspaper as well as eU AP
news dispa’ches._____
- SATURDAY, AUGUST 30, 1947 _
Star-News Program
state ports with Wilmington favored
in proportion with its resources, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair aalme*. near
by sues for heavy industry and 3o-foo,
Cap® f'ear river cnanneL u , ...
City auditorium large enough to meet
needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agiicultural and industna, re_
sources 'hrough better marke.s and .ood -
processing, pulp wood production and.
factories. „
Emphasis on the region’s recrea.Ion
advantages and improvement of resort
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina s farm-to-market and Primary
roads, with a paved highway from lop
sail inlet to Bald Head island.
Continued effort through the City s In
dustrial Agency to attract more in
dustries . ,
Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air
port for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hosoitala, and includ
ing a Negro Health center.
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation oi City and County go.
Ye shall know them by their fruits I)o men
gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles.—
Matthew 7:1t>- , , ,
Our deeds determine us, as much as we
determine our deeds.—George Eliot.
Longer Resort Season
It doesn't require a lengthy memory
to recall the years when Labor Day was
the customary signal for the general
closing down of Wilmington’s nearby
beaches and the homeward exodus of
the sun-tanned crowds.
But tomorrow it will be considerably
Aided by some of the hottest weather
of the summer, the resorts saw the last
of August bring them excellent patron
age. Now they are going into another
, month with strong indications that it
will be the best September they’ve had,
including the war years with the heavy
year-around population. As an example,
three conventions are booked at
Wrightsville for the early part of the
month and another will open at Caro
lina tomorrow. Hotel and cottage reser
vations are reported to be good at
Wrightsville while the other beach is
planning to maintain its First Aid sta
tion because its inn keepers and others
anticipate extraordinary demands for
this time of the year.
Credit for the longer season may go
to several factors but chief among them
is that the beaches have a real attrac
tion in the second annual Southeastern
North Carolina Fishing rodeo. Nation
ally advertised, it will get under way
on September 15 and continue for six
weeks with a $15,000 prize list. Reserva
tions for accommodations, not only at
Wrightsville and Carolina hut other
fishing points, indicate it is going to
bring many who have ordinarily ignored
the seaside resorts after the first Mon
day in September. Thus, in lengthen
ing the period of entertainment, South
eastern North Carolina is boosting the
financial return from its natural and
other recreational resources.
Over the years, millions have been
invested in hotels, cottages and manv
other facilities to attract the visitor.
Yet, the greater part of this invest
ment has actually.been in use but one
fourth of the year. Now, by the addition
of September as a part of the season,
this period of financial return will be
pushed toward one-third of ( the 12
months. And in benefiting the owners,
the additional capital not only raises the
quality of the investment but provides
more money for greater improvements
before next year’s season. Thus, by
increasing the value of the property,
the extra month will be a factor in the
growth of the resorts.
The weather, as a spokesman for one
of the beaches pointed out yesterday,
injects the element of a gamble into
the extended season. But that is as
! Entitled To An Explanation
The question whether there is Com
munistic infiltration at the University
of North Carolina has been publicly
asked of President Frank P. Graham
by Miss Nell Battle Lewis in her column
jin the Sunday News and Observer on
at least three recent occasions.
Miss Lewis has not received an an
Last Sunday, she put the query to
Governor Cherry, chairman of the uni
versity board of trustees. With it went
her hopes that the board would “look
into” the situation inspiring reports of
Communistic activity in Chapel Hill. We
do not know, at this writing, whether
she has received a reply.
During the past decade, there has
been considerable talk of purported
evidence of Communism among both
faculty and student body members.
Some of the university’s close friends
have dubbed the accompanying criti
cism as either originating from rumor
! monglers or “reactionaries ’ overly dis
turbed by too great a display of liber
alism or natural radicalism by youthful
But late in July, a former official
I of the Carolinas district of the Com
munist party told the House Un-Ameri
can Activities committee that an or
ganized group of Communist party
members existed at the university. She
named its student leader. If there was
a denial from university officials, we
never saw it. Yet, if someone had
charged that scholastic cheating was
prevalent in Chapel Hill, undoubtedly
a statement refuting such an allegation
would have been forthcoming in short,
Because the university has remained
silent on this and other occasionsymore
and more North Carolinians are begin
ning to wonder about its exact attitude,
as established in Dr. Graham’s policies,
toward a political ideology the Federal
government has forbidden for its em
ployes. A pro-Communist university
instructor or professor, with excellent
opportunity to be an influence on 50
or more young men and women, is cer
tainly a greater danger to the country
than a $2,600 a year government clerk
who, too, leans toward the Kremlin’s
The daily headlines are good evidence
of the new dangers of Communism
in the international situation. And the
citizens of the state certainly have a
right to be concerned with whether it
is present in its intellectual capital.
The result is that, more than ever be
fore, they are asking questions similar
to the one Miss Lewis presented to
Dr. Graham. Vehemently opposed to
Communism in general and particularly
tin their university, they are entitled to
an official explanation of such instances
as the testimony of the former Com
munist official before the Un-American
The silence around Chapel Hill can
■be interpreted to have various mean
ings. Because of that situation, it
| should be ended.
If there is dangerous radicalism, not
only should North Carolina’s citizens
| be told but it should be eradicated. This,
■ of course, is the first responsibility
I of the board of trustees. It would be
much better for this group to bring
Communism, if it exists, into the open
rather than for a Congressional com
mittee to do so later. If a thorough
investigation revealed no actual danger,
then the current talk could be discount
ed as nothing more than that of indi
viduals displeased over some of the
university’s policies. Few Tar Heels
want to encourage a witch hunt in
Chapel Hill but many, whose concern
has been aroused like that of Miss Lewis,
do believe an impartial investigation
and report are in order. They are entitl
ed to it, not only to clear their anxiety,
but in the good interests of the welfare
of their great university. No one wants
it in the shadows of whispers or actual
charges of Communism but such an
unfavorable situation can be expected
as long as indifference in giving the true
picture prevails.
true in July as in September. The sum
mer's cool spells reflected themselves
in beach business and the same would
be true next month. But we haven’t
seen a September yet which did not
have many an ideal “beach day.” The
benefits the resorts stand to gain by
continuing their welcome to the visitor,
especially the fisherman anxious to
! try his luck on that big prize list, cer
tainly outweigh any financial risks in
Mr. Bulwinkle’s Visit
Because interested and influential
friends in North Carolina’s rich Pied
mont section are so important to the
ultimate success of the development
program of the Port of Wilmington, it
is most fortunate that the occasion was
offered for Rep. A. L. Bulwinkle, of the
11th district, to tour the harbor Fri
The guest of Mr. A. G. Myers, Gas
tonia tanker and textile industrialist,
at a gathering of friends and associates
at Wrightsville Beach, it was lhe Con
gressman’s first visit here in recent
Mr. Myers, a most active member
of the North Carolina State Ports
authority, and others proposed and made
the inspection possible. It provided Mr.
Bulwinkle with an excellent first-hand
view of the potentialities of the port,
especially as to approximately 100
acres of the Maritime commission ship
yard being made available for conver
sion into deep water terminals.
Impressed by Wilmington’s oppor
tunities—they are brighter today than
at anytime in years—to become North
Carolina’s principal port, Mr. Bulwinkle
promised his good services in the con
certed development movement. Like
many other prominent North Caro
linians, he knows that the benefits from
successful achievement of this program
will be enjoyed throughout the state.
Especially is this true of his district,
wealthy in manufacturing enterprises
and agricultural endeavor.
We believe Mr. Bulwinkle is equally
aware of the fact that the port is an
asset belonging to the state as a whole
and not simply a proposition for Wil
mington and vicinity. Its growth is
essential if North Carolina is to have
well-rounded transportation advantages
comparable to those of other coastal
states. The interest of Mr. Bulwinkle
and other Piedmont leaders is a vital
part of the support necessary to convert
its potential greatness into reality.
It would be a loose appraisal of the
inspection tour to say that the port
has gained a new friend in Mr. Bul
winkle because, over the years, he has
been concerned over the benefits his
district would receive through greater
use of it. Rather, the exact way to
put it is that his interest has been en
livened and given new hope that efforts
for a state port will soon be realized.
Thus, another member of the North
Carolina Congressional delegation has
become better acquainted with the ad
vantages Wilmington offers—and other
i coastal cities have similar ones in thejr
| special fields—to advance water-borne
j commerce facilities. Not only has Wil
mington gained from Mr. Bulwinkle’s
j visit but so has the state in his wider
appreciation of North Carolina’s trans
portation resources.
More Interested In Politics
Ask the average American for his
opinion on presidential politics and he’ll
readily accommodate, often adding his
prediction of who will be fighting it out
next year for the prize of four years
residence in the White House.
But question him as to who would
become President if the post were va
cated today and it’s a four to five chance
that he doesn’t know. The 20 per cent
possibility of a correct answer is not
our estimate; it was revealed in a Gallup
poll late last week. And, as a matter
of information for the uninformed 80
per cent, President Truman’s possible
successor is Republican Joseph W.
Martin, speaker of the House. The
line of succession was changed by an
act of Congress in the closing days of
the last session.
Besides revealing an alarming ignor
ance in recent events, the poll also in
dicates that the average citizen is more
interested in the political aspects of his
government than its actual machinery.
Greatest Victims
Inflation, like a plague, includes all
in its broad damages.
Rare indeed is the American who
has not been swept up in the continual
spiral of the cost of living. Yet, there,
are some victims whose suffering is
much greater than the average em
ployed individual.
We refer to those depending solely
on fixed pensions or small returns on
investments. With the dollar contain
ing but half the value it held in 1939,
their standard of living has been slashed
in half. It is a wonder how they manage
to make ends meet. And the situation
is actually keeping many at work who
are entitled to retirement, thus mak
ing a job available for someone else.
While this adverse effect upon employ
ment may not appear large when work
is plentiful, it is another of the many
means by which inflation has a direct
bearing toward making it easier for an
economic recession to appear.
A man stole 100 pounds of meat
from an Ohio deep freeze concern
and now is in the cooler for some time
to come.
To OET a better idea /
I Ca^H6LF The p'^ore
I with Your hahc>
The Gallup Poll
American Voters Favor Labor Unions,
Support Right Of Workers To Strike
Sentiment For Curbs Does
Not Mean That Public
Is Anti-Union
; 30—Although Labor Day
marks the beginning of a new
era of union regulation under
the Taft-Hartlev Act, public
opinion in this country con
tinues to be overwhelmingly
in favor of the union move
ment and in favor of the right
of labor to strike.
Because public sentiment fa
vors specific controls over certain
union practices such as feather
bedding. financial accounting, the
checkoff and the closed shop, it
does not follow that the country
is anti-union or even anti-strike.
A coast-to-coast poll by the In
stitute finds on the contrary, that
nearly two voters out of every
three approve of labor unions and
believe that workers should con
tinue to have the right to strike
if they want to. Only aboul one
American in four wants to see all
strikes prohibited.
These facts are brought out in
answers to two questions put to
a cross-section of Americans by
the Institute.
The first is as follows:
“In general, do you approve
or disapprove of labor unions?"
Similar surveys have been con
ducted by the Institute at periodic
intervals beginning in 1937. Tne
trend, with the latest figure :n
cluded, follows:
Ap- Disap
prove prove tlndec.
1937 _72% 20"c 8%
1939 _68 24 8
1940 __. 64 22 14
1941 _ 61 39 11
TODAY _ 64 25 11
Organized labor’s main public
relations problem is with farmers.
In today’s survey only 49 per
cent of the farmers polled say
they approve of labor unions,
whereas, among professional and
businessmen, white collar and
manual workers the figure is over
70 per cent.
The Taft-Hartley act places cer
tain restrictions on striking and
certain penalties for unauthorized
walkouts, but does not deny the
right to strike.
Public sentiment would not ac
*•- 1837 1939 1940 1941 TODAY
Public sentiment has always been overwhelmingly in favor of
labor unions, despite desire to control certain union practices, the
Gallup Poll finds.
cept the abolishing of the right to
strike in peacetime.
The second question in the sur
vey asked: ■'
“Should Congress pass a
law forbidding strikes in ALL
industries, or should workers
have the right to go on strike-’?
The vote:
Should forbid _ 28%
Continue right to strike _ 62
No opinion -- 10
■ During wartime the public felt
strongly that the right to strike
should be severely restricted
while the nation was in the throes
of its • struggle against Hitler and
the Japanese. As early as 1941
the Institute found 73 per cent in
'.•or of firbidding all strikes in
.ar industries for the duration.
At the present time the great
est sentiment for outlawing strikes
is found among farmers. Here is
how the major occupational groups
Forbid Have Un
Strikes Right dec.
Prof, and Bus. _.26'<j 67% 7%
Farmers _ 40 47 13
White Collar ... 26 65 9
Manual Workers 26 65 9
DURHAM, Aug. 30— (U.R)—'With
30,000 tickets already sold for the
Duke-North Carolina State col
lege scrap at Durham Sept-. 27, of
ficials of the two institutions to
day considered erection of tem
porary bleachers to handle the
Wonderer Found
In Bean Field
—A two-year-old boy, the object
of an intensive search by more
than 300 persons today, was found
this afternoon, five hours after he
had disappeared from his home
The child, Bobby Watson, Jr.,
son of Lieut, and Mrs. Robert
Watson, was found by his father
in a bean field two miles from
his home near the city’s western
limits. He was dirty but unharm
ed as a result of his wanderings.
News of the child’s disappear
ance spread quickly and a search
for him was hastily organized.
Soldiers, city and county police
and Boy scouts headed the search.
The youngster’s father is a pi
lot attached to the 36th troop car
rier squadron at nearby Pope
GREENSBORO. Aug. 30—(U.R)—
James R. Townsend, a retired
Army colonel, today’ began his
new duties as Greensboro’s *9,000
a-year city manager. Townsend
accepted the job late yesterday
shortly after his election by City
Behind The Ne.,n
Korea Presents
Tough Problem
AP Foreign Xews .VnaljM
Washington's cal; ;iJ
power conference to
rea's independence •■■■■ . . ,-Co*
light on one of : h e •
communities in tee rr;.
world. Korea, li^e A .■
sidered a liberated !a c°3'
quered enemv terr T
, ’r' "tr,.
nese have been dri ,ev
other alien rulers havi
place, and the con. ’0« "
peace, freedom and " ;fi
postponed because ■ :-.'e
can not or will no:
It can no* be s:. d •
the fault of the 1 .'. s. "..:s
which shares with S R'°'es
the occupation of th %
anese possession,
government and
fives in Korea have
ouslv and insistently
come to some understa: i • - .
the Russians which ,\ 1
fulfillment of the pledge of for"
an freedom made at Ca.::,
and repeated and at
Moscow conference of '.94;, -id
newest call is turner evidence*"*
the United States' dc-t-.., -0
those promises real and • , -
over the burdens of adn
to the Koreans themselves „. . ..
as DCfisible.
ihe Russian res.;.
past has been a.
most Russian response- ■ ,v
advances in the po
It requires a consi
optimism to expect r.
ply to this invitation v.. i)„ »• .
encouraging. Never.. ,
. cow's announcemeir : ,«
the Russian ratifies. ,
treaties with the liv
Axis satellites may the
opening of a new phn.-e
diplomacy. It mean. p.-;
army forces must be
shortly from those cou-, ■ ■ .
may indicate that •• Kir
now is so confident .if ; - |
in the west that v.
to deal with other na: a. - s
new basis. Perhaps
readiness to consider Me t :- . j
dation of peace in the Or : j
be another corollary.
Easiest Example
Korea is the easier - fe.
stand the post-war exa-- -
divided occupation ar.ci i
cause it ie the simple.-- 1
pact geographically,
mogenous population, a
tivelv uncomplicated - -
There are only two occ,
instead of the four in Gt ra
and Austria.
But, as in Germany at 1 ■ i
tria. the divided rule '
nomic strangulation. Th
eighth parallel, across
armies of the United St res :
the Soviet Union face eacn ow:
separates the north.
Japanese, using a wealth :
power and fuel, had bit: ' :p m
of the most productive
communities in the Orierc
the agricultural south. The ?f“■
my of both sections vi'nrrs
unrest is intensified.
The major question :
the Russians will be
permit unified government re
turn to Korea by truly ck
as the western nations under
the word. Both sides u-e
freely, but the Rues; .ns
as in eastern Europe, -a
it a meaning all the r
they accepted the Amen
posals for truly free <
start could be made on -w '
sure to be a long ani d.f— ■■ |
process. The politic..! .”■
of the Koreans is a ma.pi.
factor. When the Ante
rived in southern Ko
found 54 different pc
of which had only
Blit the Russians :n?i.
continue to insist tha' :
purge of rightist par*
there can De elections. I >' : (
gram they support looks
point much ike that f
Hungary, Romania. Bui? ra, a j
of which began with c
]y free elections in ’ ““ ’ |
Communist p a r t i e - r' T<(
mitted to participate t „ .
fate of these opponent
munism now has beei
all three countries, to ?
tent that the Kremlin ap; -
feels it can withdraw
army. In eastern Europe
ed States has been po '
half this process. In . ,
caee is different; "e
strong hand of trurr
RALEIGH, Aug 30.- '
tification of minors f-"
ment in North Carolina as? ■
fell off sharply as "e-fare
intendents issued 1.204 fere,
tificates than in June j
Pritchard, statistics d."or" ■ -
the State Department cf ^ j
reported today. ___- I
Around Capitol Square
Democratic Committee In Good Financial Condition
RALIGH, Aug. 30 — The state
Democratic executive committee
will go into the next campaign
pretty well heeled from the stand
point of cash in hand. Report filed
with the Secretary of Slate by
former Chairman William B. Urn
stead covering period from date
of the post-election report last
December to May 23, when he
relinquished the post to Wilkins
P. Horton, shows money on hand
amounting Ito $15,509.58. Of that
amount $10,000 is on interest
drawing savings account, $5,569.58
on checking account.
EXTRA—The statutes do not re
quire interim reports upon change
of state chairmen, but it has been
the custom in the past for retiring
party heads to file the same kind
of report required at election
time. That makes it much easier
for the successor when time
comes to make the required re
Dwight D. Eisenhower w7axed en
thusiastic in his praised of Secre
tary of War Kenneth Royall dur
ing his speech to the state farm
convention Thursday night. But
the audience didn't respond with
any show of enthusiastic. Scatter
ed and indifferent applause greet
ed the general’s tribute. It has
been noted that farmers generally
are less effusive with applause
than city-bred audiences. One ex
planation given for this attitude
is that so many of the public
meetings held in the country are
in churches where applause is not
permitted and rural people get out
of the habit. Whatever the reason
there wasn’t much expression of
approval when the speaker men
tioned the Tar Heel secretary of
war. Frequently suggested as a
probably candidate for governor.
Only one other time was General
Eisenhower interrupted by ap
plause, although he was greeted
wiih loud cheers when he arrived
and was vigorously applauded
when he finished his 'short speech.
Press—The word “press” as
applied to the conference held
jointly by General Eisenhower
.and Governor Cherry Thursday
I afternoon had a double meaning.
Announced as an opportunity for
newspaper representatives to in
terview the distinguished visitor,
the session developed into almost
a mass meeting and a highway
patrolman was pressed into serv
| *ce to keep back the press of the
\ Public. Besides dozens of people
in'ever before encountered at news
paper interviews, there were
many reporters whose faces were
strange to the governor’s office
staff. An attache of the office
counted six representatives of the
News & Observer, five of the Ra
leigh Times, three of the Char
lotte Observer, and one or more
from each of a dozen other pa
pers throughout the state, in addf
iion to the major news services
and radio stations. Result was
that as a press conference the oc
casion was a complete flop.
FREE AND EASY _ at the
white house and in congressional
galleries only accredited corre
spondents are admitted. Tradi-1
tionally, North Carolina’s governor!
has been easy to reach and ther.
is no formality about (
men and women get'.: r '
office or attending s
general assembly, *J° •
overworked and ha {
tary to Governor Cherr ‘
- t W
self a newspaper man
perience, confessed
sodes like the •' Eise:
occurred often there
to be some system of
per representation a; n ^ ...
ing correspondent alio
tend the official
UNION—Union c;
come one of the be
agricultural counties jn * cj,aUb,
try, according to Dr. I- °' g cCl
director of extension a
lege, and was cited K
short talk at a farmer:
meeting Thursday of
accomplished by aPP
goori farm practice and •
sense in •diversification y.
years ago. said the dor 1
planted 55,000 acres ” ,• ft
now the cotton acreaf n t>
but n-oduetion is sli.-1

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