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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 31, 1947, SECTION A, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1947-08-31/ed-1/seq-7/

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Vs. Food
\ST winter bitter cold and
L record-making blizzards
loued Europe’s struggle to
mb up out of the rums left by
August simmered toward
f!close, reports from abroad told
15 Amy destroying crops and
Aliening added starvation.
Th ^ enemy was drought.
1 Germany it hadn’t been so dry
% years. Loss in the potato crop
r ,, run anywhere from 25 to near
1 C( nt, officials said. With
I . fodder and sugar beets
vd’ by burning sun, forest fires
! C i dunking water commenced to
U reported thousands of dead
II floating in the Seine, while in
lU’iin milk production faltered.
... | re heavily on the Ameri
ao corn crop, as well. Through most
August, the parched Midwest lost
5000 U00’bushels of corn each day.
War five Iowa communities aerial
in-making services sprinkled clouds
A dry ice. One pilot had been
j vised SI,J00 if he could produce
rca] gully washer.”
\ lcv' spi nkies of artificially-pro
ved rain fell on a golf course before
0tUral showers finally cracked the
pstiy near wdvi.-.
Tv'o weeks before the first showers
joke the month-long drought in sec
ions of the corn belt, the U.S. De
'a'merit of Agriculture estimated the
Drn crop at 2,437,000,000 bushels,
onnered with last years’ record pro
uction of 3,288.000,000.
Meetin.g at Geneva, Switzerland,
Mite;'. Nations Food and Agri
ulturc Organization heard that ever
r.'easing food shortages face most
f tire oid World and much of Asia.
1: n to hold the present line will
•quire drastic action” in the next 12
truths, 300 delegates were warned.
The main proposal before the gath
tingwas the creation of an 18-mem
e board to allocate food and fer
Jizers on an international basis, also
t organize stabilizing measures to
rotect consumer countries from high
rices and producing countries from
ossible unsaleable surpluses.
loing Right Ahead
After news reports had said mam
,o',r. underground installations were
Sing built in a desert mesa near Al
jquerque, N. M., the War and Navy
fpartments made an announcement,
said that an Armed Forces Special
'eapons Project had been formed by
le Army and Navy to carry on “all
ilitary service functions relating to
Krnic energy.” The chief field instal
tion. Sandia Base, is being built in
ew Mexico.
Previously the Atomic Energy Com
ission had disclosed that the Los
hmos atomic laboratory is being
tpanded. and that an aton c weapon
■oving giound is being set up sonie
here in the Pacific.
I//EDEMEYER: Tough Talk
7*0 REGAIN and maintain the
- confidence of the Chinese
Dple. the Central Government
'hi have to effect immediately
t^tic. far-reaching political and
:on°mic reforms. Promises will
) longer suffice. Performance is ab
™el-v necessary.. It should be ac
!P vl that military force in itself
111 no* eliminate Communism.”
l-en. Albert C. Wedemeyer left this
p P comment on corruption and in
in Chiang Kai-shek’s* gov
fvfent "’hen he concluded his fact
'U!v,,y for President Truman,
r r Cf such recommendations,
ie's bluntly, had been made
rn-hs before by Gen. George C.
now U.S. Secretary of State,
l' observers to wonder what
'h li “ consequences should
\ : '-"•is time. Did it mean
(if1* ’ was foreseen that the
jC^Soccrnment might fall?
ttd’ed rt- ^en' Wedemeyer had
, to assess her economic
- *;;s statement promised no furr
| 1 sucn as the Truman Doctrine
has produced for Greece—where the
situation has been similar in some re
After his flat demand for a house
cleaning, the general flew to Tokyo
and then to Korea for a week-long
study of that problem spot. In his ears
rang the charges of Chinese com
munist spokesmen that he had made
a deal with Nationalist China for
bases in Formosa and elsewhere as
the price of further American help.
These claims were denied.
Informed sources said that the
Wedemeyer mission would go to a
Hawaiian “hideout,” later on, to draw
up its report to the President.
In Korea the Russians released
three GI’s who had been held after
straying across the demarcation line
between the U.S. and Soviet zones.
Gen. Wcdemeyer’s group soon found
themselves bombarded by Russian
charges that the Americans were im
peding the work of rehabilitating
Korea by recent mass arrests of left
ists. Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, the U.S.
commander, retorted that the arrests
were solely for “law and order.”
'' R.Q, Berg, Clinslmi/sftP»cc^Mo»|lorJ
II111111 il *.I'llfetew
UNITED NATIONS: Tries to Stop a War
FRANCE, busy repressing a re
volt in Indo-China, went to
bat in the U.N. Security council
for the Netherlands by using her
veto in support of the Dutch posi
tion that the Indonesia fighting is
not a matter for international con
cern. Belgium, another colonial power,
joined with France.
On the other side, supporting the
Indonesians in their request for a
U.N. inquir,, was Russia—which had
advanced the resolution—the United
States and five other Security Coun
cil members. Britain and China ab
stained from voting.
On August 4 the war between U.S.
equipped Dutch troops and the sol
diers of the Indonesian Republic
halted briefly on orders of the Secur
ity Council. However, the truce didn’t
last long. In later peace attempts, the
Dutch accepted an American media
tion offer, but it was withdrawn after
the Indonesians indicated that they
considered the Security Council should
take precedence.
When Frances veto prevented an
on-the-spot inquiry, the Council ap
proved a resolution calling on the
11 nations’ consuls in the East Indies
to report what was going on. Then it
adopted a U.S. resolution offering the
Security Council’s “good offices” to
bring peace.
In a series of quick decisions the
Security Council rejected a Dutch
supported Belgian proposal that the
Council ask the International Court
of Justice at the Hague to rule on the
competence of the United Nations to
act in the Indonesian conflict. The
move was backed only by the United
States, France and Britain.
Then the Council made its second
demand on the Dutch and Indonesians
that they cease fire. This came as a
result of violations of the previous
demand for an end to the fighting.
Meanwhile, reports from Java said
" \ i '
Alexander. Fhila. Bulletin
the Dutch had removed most traces
of the Indonesian Republic from the
old capital at Batavia, re-conquered
in July. All automobiles registered
with the Republican government
wdre confiscated; telephone girls
would not put through calls to places
referred to by their Indonesian names.
But up in the mountains, Dutch
troops were engaged in heavy fight
ing. “Strong clearing actions,” they
called it.
Northwest of the Indonesian capital,
Jogjakarta, a powerful Netherlands
striking force was poised. Dutch offi
cials spoke of capturing the city soon.
Indian Massacres
Savage communal fighting contin
ued in northern India, the aftermath
of Britain’s casting loose of her huge
Much of the trouble centered on
the frustrations of some 6,000,000
Sikhs, India’s third largest religious
community, which did not achieve
autonomy in the grab-bag that estab
lished Hindu India and Moslem Paki
stan. The tough, warlike Sikhs—
famed soldiers for the British—live
mostly in the Punjab. This north
central province was divided between
the two new dominions.
In the modern city of Lahore, now
in Pakistan, Moslem hordes slaugh
tered and drove >out thousands of
Hindus and Sikhs. While in Amritsar,
Sikh holy city, about 200,000 Moslems
were massacred or evicted by Hindu
extremists of the new India, aided by
the Sikhs.
At the same time Hindu and Mos
lem leaders attempted cooperative
action to stem riots. Troops of the two
nations did their best to restore order,
but tensions seemed to be mounting
across the new borders.
NATION: Big Money Blues
Income, Outgo
In 1940 the per capita income of
Americans was $575 a year. Now the
Department of Commerce reports that
it climbed to $1,200 in 1946. The figure
may be even higher now.
On paper this looks impressive, but
in wondering where all those added
dollars have gone, housewives and
economists know that the pre-war
dollar would buy a whole lot more
than today’s. According to the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, an income of
$2,500 now purchases goods and ser
vices worth only about $1,500 in pre
war times.
Nevertheless, for sheer size the na
tional take-home makes stimulating
reading. For instance: Last year the
total income paid to individuals in
the United Sttaes amounted to $169,
000,000,000, about nine per cent more
than the $155,000,000,000 total for
1945. (In that year, the Treasury De
partment has announced, film star
Betty Grable received the highest
salary of any woman in the country
A big rise in farm income last year
gave agricultural states, such as
Iowa, Minnesota, North Carolina, the
greatest gain. Where war industries
had been prominent a smaller in
crease was reflected in the years since
“Most strikingly revealed,” said the
federal report, “is the concentration
of low-income states in the South.”
Mississippi’s $555 for 1946 was the
lowest of all.
In almost all states last year’s per
capita income exceeded wartime
highs, and in three-fourths of the
states it was at least double the 1940
But at border cities like Detroit
and Calais, Me., a new local custom
was becoming an accepted traffic. It
was the crossing of U.S. boundaries
by shoppers seeking 40 cent beef and
50 cent meals in Canada.
Making Good
For two years Japan has been occu
pied by Allied troops, with U.S. Gen
eral Douglas MacArthur doing most
of the administering and policy-mak
ing in the former enemy homeland.
In China and the Philippines, na
tionals who fought against and were
invaded by militaristic Nipponese re
cently have grumbled against “favor
itism” being shown the erstwhile
enemy by the United States.
Little comfort was offered such
Asiatic grumblers by a memorandum
issued by the Allied-occupation head
quarters in Tokyo. Giving the Japa
nese A for effort, it said they “have
gone through a greater transforma
tion than any other people in the his
tory of the world” since their defeat.
Greatest changes listed:
1. Adopting a new constitution.
2. Democratizing government, re
forming the civil code, conferring
equality on women.
4. Initiating rural land reform and
the break up of feudalistic shackles.
5. Opening of Japan to limited pri
vate trade with foreign countries.
(All Rights Reserved. AP Newsfeatures)
r' ' •"
Greener Pastures
Gov. Earl Warren of California has
warned that eastern hoodlums “are
moving in” on 'the Pacific coast. He
“There’s no doubt in my mind that
eastern gangsters are being attracted
by the great concentration of wealth
in the film industry and the oil indus
try. ... It is my belief that we have
a real gangster threat here.”
On Sept. 19, he will name the mem
bers of five state crime prevention
and investigation commissions au
thorized by the last session of the
In San Francisco a representative
of the Australian department of in
formation made it plain that many
Americans, in the westward move
ment shown by the last census report,
don’t plan to let the Pacific ocean stop
He said that Australia’s travel-sub
sidy plan for G.I.’s who wish to mi
grate had brought “11 inquiries from
one small Idaho town” and had
swamped inquiry offices in the United
States with “thousands of applicants.”
Tension Spot
Conduct of the Greek civil war led
to the fall of Premier Demetrios
Maximos’ government, and the royal
ist leader Constantin Tsaldaris sought
to form a cabinet with a broader pop
ular base.
Ever since the United States
stepped into the Greek wrangle;
pledging ?300,000,000 aid in relief and
military supplies, there has been
strong feeling in Washington that the
Athens regime ought to be more rep
resentative. This looked like a chance
to achieve it. But elderly Themis
tokles Sophoulis, liberal leader, re
jected one offer to form a coalition
with Tsaldaris. So did other progres
Meanwhile communist-lea moun
tain bands continued their fight with
Greek monarchy troops, while the
major issue of foreign interference in
the border struggle waited action by
the United Nations General Assem
bly, to which it had been referred
after a Security Council deadlock.
Soviet-American rivalry was ex
pressed in this dispute.
Elsewhere in the troubled Balkans,
the Vatican came up against Red
influence. In a village in Yugoslav
occupied Venezia Giulia, 30 miles
southwest of Trieste, anti-clerical
mobs were reported to have beheaded
a Roman Catholic priest and badly
battered another prelate. The body of
a third was found in a wood.
Simultaneously, L’Osservatore Ro
mano, papal newspaper, denounced
the recent report of seven American
protestant pastors that religious lib
erty exists under Marshal Tito’s
Yugoslav regime.
In another phase of Balkan trouble,
Britain joined the United States in
protesting to Russia against the death
sentence imposed upon Nikola Pet
•kov, leader of the anti-Communist
Bulgarian Agrarian party. The pro
test was rebuffed, and the Bulgarian
parliament dissolved Petkov’s party.
..v.v...v.r\v.y.v.y;.*2V.V3^f|j^J\\vXy w*\ ";"v;
Sunday, Aug. 31
Hungarian national elections.
Monday, Sept. 1
Lator Day.
Tuesday, Sept. 2
Fourth International Cancer
Research Congress opens, St.
Wednesday, Sept. 3
American Astronomical Soci
ety, Evanston, 111.
Friday, Sept. 4
International Council of Wom
en, Philadelphia.
In Short . . .
Died: In New York City at 82, Mrs.
Thomas Alva Edison, widow of famed
Reopened: After landslides and
washouts had blocked it in Mexico,
the Pan-American highway.
Decreed: By government of Para
guay, amnesty for all enlisted men in
army rebellion and freedom for all
football players under arrest, so grid
championships can start early in Sep
Accepted: By Bulgaria’s parlia
ment, peace treaty for World War II
with the Allies.
AMERICAN LEGION took over New York City for its 29th annual
national convention. Streets resounded to hi jinks such as this
vanguard demonstration by a Stratford, Conn., drum and bugle
corp as the 3,200,000-member veterans' organization fore
gathered in the city for first time since 1937.
QUODDY VILLAGE near Eastport, Me., was built to house work
ers on New Deal tide-harnessing project, has been empty for
years. Now it is being sought as a refuge for European DP's
who would live there while learning trades before going to
permanent homes in South America.
JET THREAT—XB-46, Consolidated Vultee's jet-propelled bomb
er, flies over Muroc, Calif., Army Air Force base in a test flight
' of the swift four-engined warplane.
SAVAGE fighting in India's Punjab, between hostile religious
communities, caused this shambles in Lahore, now part of Mos
lem Pakistan. Punjab, home of the warlike Sikhs, was divided
between the Hindu and Moslem dominions as India became
independent. It is the scene of bitter hostilities.
.. ..AIL LT*~~*™*.l
Hemisphere Plan
For Joint Defense
^T'HE entile western hemisphere would become a security zone,
-1- defended by all American nations, under the terms of a United
States proposal which won quick approval bv a 14-nation subcom
mittee at the Inter-American Conference.
Rapid progress had been reported from Brazil’s Quitandinha
palace when the subcommittee made its recommendations to the
-----<s> delegates -of 20 republics.
Gathering Crisis
At Washington, American, British
and French experts discussed the big
problem of how to get German in
dustry working for the rehabilitation
of Europe. Topflight American coal
operators undertook to advise the
conferees on mining problems in the
Ruhr, key to German industry. It
was stated that American experts
might be sent to the Ruhr.
The German problem, vital to the
Marshall plan in its broader aspects,
was no less grave—perhaps not near
ly so urgent—as that faced by Britain
itself. Confronted by new austerity
demands, the British were virtually
at the end of their $3.75 billion U.S.
loan. The last $400,000,000 was being
temporarily withheld pending re
negotiation of the terms.
In doubt remained the question of
just how far Congress would be will
ing to go in footing the huge expected
cost of the Marshall plan.
It would include in the general
hemisphere defense treaty a provision
for immediate joint military action in
the event of an attack upon any por
tion of the American area. It would
embrace the North American and South
American continents, Canada, Green
land, ^.laska, the Falkland Islands,
South Orkney Islands, Antarctica, the
Sandwich and South Georgia Islands
and a 300-mile sea belt encircling both
In 1939, at Panama, the American
nations proclaimed a similar broad
safety zone for inter-American ship
ping as war commenced in Europe.
The principles of the 1945 Chapul
tepcc agreement were expressed in
the proposal in these words: “Armed
attack by any state against an Ameri
can nation will be considered an at
tack against all American states, and
each one of the American states as
sumes the obligation to aid in facing
such attack, exercising the individual
or collective right to self-defense rec
ognized by article 51 of the United
Nations charter.”
The proposal harked back to a
statement by Gen. Carl Spaatz, chief
of the U.S. Army Air Force that the
shortest route to the American indus
trial heartland from every capital n
Europe is by way of the arctic wastes.
Greenland and Alaska are the ex
tremities of a defense arc which
sweeps over northern Canada. Sig
nificantly, observers noted, a move
was commenced to bring Canada for
mally within the Inter-American sys
tem. Already she is closely linked
through agreements with the United
One-shot Revolt
When a group of army officers
forced their way into Ecuador’s presi
dential palace at Quito, a sentinel
fired one shot. Otherwise the revo
lution remained peaceful.
Taken into custody was 54-year-old
President Jose M. Velasco Ibarra. He
confronted his Minister of Defense,
Col. Carlos Mancheno, whom he had
reportedly been attempting to oust
from his cabinet. At 3:30 A.M. Man
cheno issued a statement which pur
ported to be the resignation of Ibarra.
Mancheno took over.
Thrice-exiled Velasco Ibarra flew to
sanctuary in the neighbor state of
Ecuador’s surprise revolt posed a
problem for Joe Vincente Trujillo,
delegate to the Intcr-Amcrican Con
ference at Rio de Janeiro. It was only
slightly lessened when Mancheno
asked the chief delegate to remain as
Ecuador’s Foreign Minister.
Joseph W. Frazer, president of
Kaiser-Frazer Corp., arriving on
liner Queen Mary: “We in Amer
ica ought to be pretty careful
about loaning money to countries
which are controlled by Labor
governments which are domi
nated by idealistic crackpots—
and I include England in this
Rt. Hon. Viscount Jovvitt, Lord
Chancellor of Britain, arriving
on the Queen Mary: “We have
got to work out our own salva
tion and I don’t think God is
going to send us manna from
heaven. . . . We stand for the
freedom of self-government.”
Hot Shots
• Neajr Ashland, Me., farmer George
Pike watched his potato plants wither
for 28 rainless days, then offered the
local volunteer fire department $200
to pump water onto an 18-acre field
near the Aroostook River. Soon ten
hoses were deluging his crops.
© In New York City, six women and
three men were arraigned on a charge
of using loud and boisterous language
while playing poker. One of the men
didn't say a word. A companion ex
plained the man was a mute. The
magistrate dismissed the charge of
noisemaking after an exchange of
notes, fined the mute’s companions $1
© From iiustralia a prospective tour
ist wrote Mayor Charles W. Lteman
of Omaha, asking if Nebraska still
requires motorists to throw a scenic
tarpaulin over their cars when horses
approach. He said the latest Nebraska
law he could find (1908) also said a
motorist should take his auto apart
and hide the pieces if the tarpaulin
failed to soothe the horse, that at
night he must send up warning red
O In Defiance, O., it was disclosed
that a pair of identical twins in the
city softball league had wound up
the season with identical records. Each
was fourth place in lotting. Each had
gone to bat 78 times, scored 27 runs
and pounded out 30 hits.
.p| .I

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