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Wilmington and vicinity—Partly cloudy I W"”^k ^B^ 4 -4 l ^444/4♦ 4/4 w-4- associated PRESS | iimiimum iinunu ^lav m™=. ____ State and National Newa U^JL—NO. 11--- " WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1947 ESTABLISHED lSdf Rebel Forces Near Capital Conservative Revolutionary Group Now 12 Miles From Quito, Ecuador QUITO. Ecuador, Sept. 2—(U.R)— Conservative counter - revolution ary forces seeking; to overthrow ;he week-old Liberal-Socialist dic tatorship of Col. Carlos Mancheno were reported today to be only 12 miles from Quite in their march on the capital. The city was tense. Troops pa trolled Ike streets and clcarfed them o£ civilians, apparently in anticipation of a battle. A bulletin issued by Acting Min ister of Interior Luis Malconado Tamayo said Pre"'ient Mangneno had assumed personal command 0f government forces, in order to obtain a rapid and, if poss'ble, peaceful solution of the situation. "Military operations are enter ing the decisive phase and -the commanders of our armed forces are seeking a final solution that may benefit the entire country,’ the bulletin said. The march on Quito began after the garrisons at Tulcan and Ibar ra joined the counter - revolution and were placed under orders of Col. Julio Montalvo. Advance units were reported to have by passed Cayambe, 12 miles from here. Hidaglo In Charge JVCpu* lb u uni uua_yayu i-J_iUUci dor’s largest city and chief sea port — said Capt. Antonio Rivas Hidalgo, commander of a local anti-aircraft battery, had been I placed in command ■ of military! forces in the Guayaquil area which revolted against the Quite | government. Rivas was said to be supported by all junior officers in the Voii var Artillery regiment, the mech anized corps and anti-aircraft bat tery, al! of whom had repudiated the Mancheno regime. The Guayaquil reports said Col. N. Solis, former military com mander of the area, together with Comdr. Alberto Riquetti and other senior oificers, were cap tured by the counter-revolutionists who appeared to be in full control there, Mancheno’s Interior Minister Julio Moreno was arrested in Quayaquil at dawn today as he attempted to board a plane to re turn to the capital. He is being held incommunicado. Moreno — one of four Socialist ministers in the Mancheno cabi net—arrived in Guayaquil yester day in an attempt to reach a set tlement with the counter - revolu tionists. Guayaquil Quiet The situation in Guayaquil was described as quiet, with banks and some stores functioning nor mally, A government communique last night said forces loyal to Man cheno had scored a complete vic tory over the rebels in Ambato. Yet, Radio Ambato, in a broad cast at 7 o’clock this morning, claimed the Mancheno forces had been defeated and were withdraw ing. (A Buenos Aires report said Ecuadorean Foreign Minister Dr. See REBEL on Page Four ROTARIANS HEAR MENDOTA SKIPPER Commander Bowerman De scribes Peacetime Duties Of Coast Guard Commander G. H. Bowerman of the USS Mendota, guest speaker yesterday at the weekly meeting “f the Rotary club, described for the club’s members the difference in peacetime and wartime duty ef the Coast Guard. Bowerman said that while there r'0w was a vast difference in the w'ork of this particular branch °f the service than during the War> it was none the less vital to the shipcping of the country. Among these peacetime duties, he laid, were keeping the ship ian«j free of icebergs and guiding •hips into safety zones. Large Payroll Bowerman said that the 10 of -ceri and jig men ait,oard the Mendota bring to the city a Monthly payroll of $23,000. Guests at yesterday’s luncheon vere L. J. Fulton of Mountain Term., and Harvey W. Ander •on of Richmond, Va., A new mem er taken into the club was George enuta inducted by Lewis Han lon. . Jext week’s meeting will hear °™ Parks, Raleigh newspaper Publisher tell his opinions of the Present, European situation. Park recently returned from a European visit. The Weather PftRFPA fiT> cS‘h a'id North Carolina — Partly dav 7 ?nd continued rather hot Wednes at;d Thursday. ttV'na r™gicEl data for the « hours * 7...0 p. m. yesterday. temperatures Bd’ a- m- 78; 7:30 a. m. 77; 1:30 p. m. r; ' 1. P- m. 32; Maximum 89; Mini m 73 i Mean 82; Normal 76. , ,, HUMIDITY is. , *■ 89; 7:30 a. m. 91; 1:30 p. m. “* , P- m. 85. T PRECIPITATION 0 la™ *>r 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. 9 '[n^‘es since the first of the month (F„ TIDES FOR TODAY S. r “ the Tide Tables published by U 0a5‘ and Geodetic Survey.) Witodnri HIGH EOW ■ngton - 11:28 a.m. 6:17 a.m Mavmu „ 11:43 p.m. 6:32 p.m. on boro Inlet _ 9:03 a.m. 3:09 a.m . 9:20 p.m. 3:24 p.m 1:270- ^ 5:47I Sunset 6:36; Moonrisc “P. Moonset 8:26a. ors weather on Pp.ge Four TAKING OVER AS national com mander of the American Legion, James F. O’Neil of Manchester, N, J., assures the Legion’s 29th annual convention delegates in New York that he is in full accord with the group’s sharp denuncia tion of Communism. PIEDMONT GOING AHEAD ON PLANS President Confident That Line Will Be Operating Here Soon Thomas Davis, PPresident of Piedmont Aviation, Inc., of Win ston-Salem, told the Star last night that air service from Cin cinnati to Wilmington had not been “postponed indefinitely.” Davis’ statement followed reports that the Civil Aeronautics board had orderel a delay in a certifi cate of public convenience and necessity to Piedmont. “We are going right ahead with our plans,” Davis said, “and I feel confident that we wil be operating into Wilmington pretty son.” He said that “final touches" were being put on their operating program “because we anticipate an early decision” in the case. It had been Piedmont’s intention to start service to Wilmington by the end of the week. However, some weeks ago, after Piedmont had been granted a certificate of necessity by CAB, States Airlines of Charlotte, filed a petition in the District Court of Appeals, asking that Piedmont be denied the cer tificate. It is this petition, now pending before the court of appeals, which is holding up service to Wilming ton. VETERANS THRONG BANKING HOUSES 1,029 Cash Terminal Leave Bonds For Total Amount Of $234,955.30 New Hanover county veterans, at least 1,029 of them, thronged Wil mington banks yesterday to cash terminal leave checks and when the local institutions closed their doors a total of $234,955.30 had been issued the veterans, accord ing to figures released last night by William Bozeman, secretary of the Wilmington Clearing House Association. Early yesterday morning lines began to form at local banks, building and loan associations and credit unions. The average pay ment was estimated to be $227.27 per man. Yesterday was the first day for cashing of bonds since President Truman approved the bill per mitting them to do so all over the nation. According to United Press reports veterans in large cities, towns and hamlets swarmed the banking institutions to turn the bonds into ‘folding money.’ The total national sum is $1, 853,292,000 with nearly nine mil lion veterans eligible to cash their bonds. According to Veteran’s Adminis tration figures approximately 4, 553 New Hanover county veterans sut of 6,071 are holding bonds esti mated to value $1,034,782.31. In Brunswick county 1,102 vet erans are holding bonds estimat ed to be valued at $250,451.54. Col umbus county has 3,213 veterans eligible to receive an estimated $730,218.51 and Pender county vet erans number 1,134 with an esti mated value $257,724.18 in bonds. Capt. Coy Etheridge of the Wil mington Police department report ed last night that the veterans vere orderly as t hey lined up for their bond money. “We did not make a single ar rest or have to reprimand any of the veterans during the day.” He said it was not necessary to add extra policemen to maintain order it the various banks. Thirty-Seven Bodies J^und Vreck Moa^01^ -«<nan Trains ror Other Victims DUGALD, Manitoba, Sspt. 2—(U.R —Thirty-seven bodies were re moved in sacks today from the wreckage of two trains whose head-on collision last night set off a holocaust of wooden coaches, passengers, an oil storage tank and a grain elevator. Police eaid there were more bodies among the twisted, black ened steel frames of the coaches, but they would not guess ,how many. Eighteen persons were injured, some of them rescued almost mi racuously. James Pierce, a Canadian Na tional Railways worker, said a coach on one train was filled with children returning home to Winni peg from a summer camp on Lake Of The Woods. It was near ly impossible to tell whether the bodies removed were those of adults or children. There was not much left of most of them. The trains in the wreck were a special, taking residents back to Winnipeg and a continental train, stopped on the tracks outside of Dugald station. Dugald Is 14 miles east of Winnipeg. Both trains were operated by Canadian Na tional Railways. The special was supposed to have been shunted off on a siding until the transcontinental train started up again and pulled out. But, for a reason not yet explain ed, the special ran at full speed into the other train, instead of go ing into side tracks. Fire Breaks Out The crash woke up farmers four miles away. There was a second crash, probably the explo sion of gas used to light the spe cial. Fire broke out almost simul taneously through seven cars of the special. The fire quickly spread to the grain elevator and oil storage tank. A chorus of screams and moans of the burning victims rent the air; scores of dazed, scared pas See BODIES on Page Four ACL WILL EXTEND EVERGLADES LINE President Davis Makes An nouncement Of Improve ment Costing $750,000 WASHINGTON, Sept. 2. — (TP) —C. McD. Davis, president of the Atlantic Coast Line railroad, said today his company plans to start construction “immediately” of a 16-mile extension of line into the Florida Everglades south of Lake Okeechobe. Davis made the statement short ly after the Interstate Commerce Commission approved Atlantic Coast Line’s aplication for author ity to build the branch, estimated to cost approximately $750,000. The commission at the same time rejected a rival application filed by Florida East Coast rail way for authority to run a branch into the same territory, termina ting at the Okeelanta Growers and Processors cooperative sugar mill at Okeelanta, Fla. Sees Merger Noting that the ICC has ap proved a reorganization plan for Florida East Coast which would merge that railroad into the At lantic Coast Line system, Davis said that the reorganization plan would not affect the Everglades project. He expressed the view that the merger would be consummated, notwithstanding pending petitions for commission reconsideration of the merger order which have been filed by St. Joe Paper company and other Florida East Coast , stockholders. The Atlantisc Coast Line branch will run from near Lake Harbor, Fla., to Keelanta, serving the sugar mill and newly developed vegetable and cane producing ter ritory in the exerglades. MIDWAY SAILS AWAY TO FIRE V-2 TYPE ROCKETS ON OCEAN PORTSMOUTH, Va., Sept. 2. — UP)— The Super Aircraft Carrier Midway went to sea today to fire V-2 type rockets, it was reported tonight by an usually reliable source who asked to remain anony mous. Naval spokesmen, asked for de tailed information on the tests, be lieved the first in which the V-2 weapon was launched at sea, said the entire project was “confiden tial” and that nothing could be re leased for publication. he rockets were installed on the 45,000 ton flattop at the Norfolk Naval shipyard. You Can Be A Millionaire InShanghaiWith$50U.S. It's easy to be a millionaire in Shanghai. All one needs is a $50 sill in American money, a two suiter case or bushel basket. According to a Wilmington visi or who recently returned from a jusiness trip to the Orient, black ■narket money' quotations have -un as high as 20,000 Chinese dol ars to one U. S. dollar. Price luctuates as much as $3,000 in a single day. The American traveler in China sn’t inconvenienced too much by the shifts in currency values, and he visitor said that he found It ;ood for a lot of laughs. A couple of months ago, mem bers of an airline crew flying be tween Seattle and Shanghai, dropped thousand dollar bills out of a hotel window, and many pe destrians walked by before a small boy, attracted perhaps by the red color of the bills, picked them up and pushed them half heartedly into his pockets. Pedicabs scoot along the Bund with loads of bills running into the millions. It’s common to see Chinese stepping calmly along a busy avenue with stacks of bills See MILLIONAIRE on Page Four WITH A NEW WORLD record for closed - course Hying, S. C. Beville of Hammond, Ind., re ceives congratulations from his wife at Cleveland's National Air races. Flying his “Galloping Ghost’’ P-51 Mustang in the 105 mile Kendall pylon event, Beville set record speed of 384.602 miles an hour. (International) RUSSIA CENSURED STRONGLY BY U. S. State Department Note Turns Down Soviet Pro test On Ruhr Pact WASHINGTON, Sept. 2— OJ.R)— rhe United States today again censured Russia for failing tc agree to economic unification ol Hermany and turned down sharp ly a Soviet protest over the Anglo American decision to raise Ger man industrial output in their oc cupation zones. The State department alsc made it clear to the Kremlin in a diplomatic note that German pro duction would play a vital role in the Marshall European rehabilita tibn plan, regardless of Russia’s refusal to join the project. The Soviet Foreign office on Aug. 18 objected strongly tc American-British-French talks in London on Germany’s industrial Euture as a violation of the 194.A Potsdam agreement. Replying today, the United states used the language of the Potsdam- "aecofd- 'to * s’upjtoft' its stand that Russia had failed «o approve an economic merger'oi he four occupation zones. Own Business The State department, in effect, nformed Russia that what the Americans and British do in their mnes is their business. France, :oo, has balked at the four-power merger, but the two powers have effered to hear the French views an future industrial output. “The Soviet government is cer :ainly aware of the importance oi Herman production to the eco nomic rehabilitation of Europe,” :he note said, obviously referring ;o the Marshall plan. “This is See RUSSIA on Page Pour PRICES INCREASE ON WEED MARKETS IVallace Mart Reports Larg est Sales Of Current Tobacco Season (Special To The Star) WALLACE, Sept. 2. — The Wal ace tobacco market started ofi ts second week of the 1947 sea ion with a rush that carried it o the largest volume of sales for >ne day. A total of 302,400 pounds vas sold for an average price oi >48.13. Today’s sales brought farmers of this section $145,545.12. Offerings were conceded to be ;he best shown on local floors since ;he opening of the market a week ago. A visiting warehouseman, ooking over today’s sales, opined hat the tobacco offered was “the aest I have seen anywhere this rear.” Sales here continue in a block See PRICES On Page Four U. S. Will Remain Strong, Truman Tells Conference; Court Holds Leader, Jailer Judge Frizzelle Acquits Six Men Arrest Of A. W. Edwards Climaxes Hearing Into Rich Square Case JACKSON, Sept. 2— (U.R) —The self-confessed leader of a thwart ed'lynch mob and the aging jail keeper who admitted the masked white men to the cell of a young Negro were ordered held for trial today by a special judge appoint ed by Gov. Gregg Cherry to re open testimony in the case. Six other men charged with conspiracy and with breaking and entering a jail were released when Judge J. Paul Frizzelle found no probable cause against them. Joe Cunningham, assistant manager of a Rich Square, thea ter was identified by his would be victim, Godwin (Buddy) Bush, and had confessed his part in the case to the FBI. Frizzelle, in a scathing state ment, issued a bench warrant for Jailer A. W. Edwards, who ad mitted he made little effort to stop the mobsters when they came to the jail to seize Bush May 23. The judge, sitting as a commit ting magistrate after a grand jury had refused to indict Cunningham and his six companions, refused to strike out the confession Cun ningham made to the FBI, in which he said the seven men were “scared half to death” dur ing the escapade. Assails Jailer Frizzelle, facing a packed court room of 150 whites and more than 100 Negroes, turned on Edwards and declared: “You had custody of those pris oners and your obligation to the state and the laws of the land re quired you to do far more than you did to protect them. “Not once did you ask or beg them to desist. You. . . led the men to Bush’s cell and pointed him out. I couldn’t leave this courtroom with my own self re spect if I did not call you to an swer these charges.” The jailer, spare and sixtyish, said he was unarmed but admit ted under withering questioning by the judge and Solicitor Ernest See FRIZZELLE on Page Four VETERAN ACL EMPLOYEE DIES Lloyd Crocker Passes While At Work At Local Rail road Station Lloyd Crocker, 63, veteran At lantic Coast Line employee and widely-known in Wilmington where he had resided for approximately 45 years, died late last night at the station as he went about his work. Fellow employes said he walked into a room to conduct some busi ness, sat down for a moment to rest and collapsed. Before ifhedi cal aid could reach him he was dead. Mr. Crocker was born in Sea board, N. Cj, where he attended school. He came to Wilmington about 1903 after having been em ployed by what was then the Amer ican Railway Express. He rose from a small starting position to district superintendent, a position he held at the time of his death. He had held that position since about 1925. The family home was at 1405 Princess street. Surviving are his widow, Blanche; daughters, Mrs. Edwin Brinkley, of Anninston, Mrs. Jergsn Haar of Charlotte and three grandchildren. The body was taken to the Ward Funeral home pending funeral ar rangements. Along The Cape Fear BOMBARDMENT STORY — As related previously, Fort Anderson and Orton house, the latter used as the quarters of the ordnance chief for this area for the Con federacy, were the last positions abandoned by the southern troops. Historians have not gone into details in all respects in telling the tale. However, generally there, has been a history written about as follows. At 9 p. m., on the evening of Sunday, January 15, 1865, Fort Fisher which for about four years had overcome all bombardments, assaults and lesser attacks upon the fortifications, was overcome. In passing it, it noted that today this fortification along the beach from the Fort Fisher fishing pier that faces the ocean, is not mark ed. A recent walk by this writer from the pier to the mouth of the Cape Fear rivet failed to reveal any historical markings despite the several points of historical in terest that figured prominently in phases of the Civil War activity. On Monday and Monday night, :n December of 1865, Fort Holmes on' Smith’s Island, Fort Caswell snd Campbell on Whit wap known a» Oak island* were evacuated.. At about the same time, Fort Pender at one time known as Johnston, located near what is Southport but at that period went by the name of Smithville, also was evacuated. * * * TROOPS UNITE—On Friday of that week, the garrisons of these forts were assembled at Fort An derson under the command of General Hebert. Those statements are made by historians who have written of the event although there is some cause to question their complete accuracy. General Hebert remained in command only a brief period aft er that time. In his place General Johnson Hagood was put in com mand of Fort Anderson and re mained in that post until the evac uation. There also is a story of Federal troop hardships. It is the story of the Union service men moving into the river. * * * VESSELS LIGHTENED — Aft er the capture of Fort Fisher, the Federal troops and sailors were employed .in getting their moni tors, gunboats and other craft See GAPE FEAR on Page Four, WOMAN GIVES BIRTH TO TWINS IN WIDELY SEPARATED CITIES LEXINGTON, Neb., Sept. 2. —(VPj—Twins were born today to Mrs. Robert Macy of Cozad, Neb.—in different towns and with different doctors in charge. The first of two sons was born to Mrs. Macy at her Cozad home with a local doc tor attending. An ambulance then brought the mother to a hospital here where the second son was born with the family physician officiating. Mother and sons were re ported “doing nicely.” RECORDER TURNS PATROLMAN LOOSE Acting Police Chief Also Acquitted; Teague Fin ed $25 In Gregory Case HALIFAX, Sept. 2 —(JP)—Re corder’s Court Judge Charles Daniel tonight acquitted two former State Highway patrolmen and an acting police chief on charges of beating a recaptured prisoner, and convicted former Patrol Corporal C. L. Teague of simple assault. Teague was fined £25 and costs. Those acquitted were Arthur F. Fields and Don W. Wilson, form er patrolmen, and R. D. Jenkins, acting police chief of Littleton. Within .minutes after the fine had been imposed on Teague, some 30 spectators in the court room stepped forward to pay it. au aeienaanrs took uie stand, as did the prisoner, 45-year-old Claude Gregory, who testified that when he was recaptured last Aug. 21, a day after his escape, three highway patrolmen beat him with saplings and a cartridge belt while he was handcuffed to a tree. Teague, who had been with the highway patrol since 1938 and who resigned with his two fellow patrolmen Aug. 26, assumed all responsibility on the stand today for the incident. Teague testified that he had spent all of the afternoon of Aug. 10 in a search for .Gregory, who nad escaped the previous day Erom the Halifax county prison camp. The officer said he had gone to bed at sunrise when he was notified that Gregory had been recaptured. The patrolman said he drove to a spot near Littleton where Greg ory was being held. Teague said he was joined by the other two patrolmen and Jenkins, and the four of them placed Gregory in a patrol car and took him into some woods. Teague testified that he wanted to see where Gregory was apprehended. En route to the wooded spot, Teague told the court, Gregory began using “vile language.” The officer said he twice warned Gregory about his language. Finally, Teague said, Gregory's language “became eo abusive” he took off his gun and told the pris oner to get out of the car. Teague said he struck Gregory several times with his leather shoulder strap, but at no time, he added, was the prisoner hit with sticks. The patrolmati testified that Gregory was not handcuffed to a tree, as the prisoner had said in earlier testimony. Fields, Wilson and Jenkins took the stand and See RECORDER on Page 4 BLASTS IN TEL AVIV UNCOVER ARMS PLANT MAKING TIME FUSES JERUSALEM, Palestine, Sept. 3 —(U.R)—Two explosions in Tel Aviv led today to the discovery of a Jewish underground arms fac tory thati had been turning out mortars, bombs, revolvers and automatic time fuses that opera ted like clocks. The body of a man believed to have been a member of the Irgun Zvai Leum was found in the wreckage, the inside of the factory was badly damaged. The Stern gang, a smaller coun terpart of the firebrand Irgun, is sued a manifesto charging that the majority report of the United Nations special committee on Palestine, recommending parti tion and freedom, was an “unsuc cessful compromise.” • - !>■ . > jass NORMAN CORDON TAR HEEL SINGER TO APPEAR HERE Norman Cordon, Metropoli tan Opera Star Coming To City For Recital Norman Cordon, formerly of the Metropolitan Opera company, New York, is scheduled to make an appearance here Sept. 18 un der the sponsorship of the Junior Chamber of Commerce, it was announced last night by Hal Love, Jaycee president. Love said that the entire pro ceeds from the concert will go to the South Eastern North Caro lina Beach association. Cordon, a native Tar Heel, was born at Washington, N. C., and at the present time is a Broad way musical star. Complete plans for the event, Love said, have not been formu lated, but they will be announced shortly. He added that in presen ting Cordon, the Jaycees felt they were bringing to Wilmington one of the best musical programs to be heard here in recent years. Hugh Morton, chairman of the beach association drive, said that he did not see “how the concert could fail to be a sell-out because not only will a good musical pro gram be presented, but the entire proceeds will go back into stimu lating business in this section.” “We of the beach association,” he said, “are most appreciative of the help the Jaycees are giv ing us in the 'time of need.” It was announced at the meet ing last night that football tickets again this year will be handled by the Jaycees. Love announced that Miss ICath lee (Micky) Hartiss, will leave Friday for Reidsville where, as “Miss' Wilmington”, she will rep sent the city Saturday in the har vest jubilee. The following new members were inducted into the club. Dr. H. W. Johnson, Hugh Mc Rae, II, and John Walker. Harry Gilliard, was a gueet. FIVE MEN KILLED IN EASTERN BLOW Lightning Bolts Take Two Lives; Massachusetts Has 116-Mile Wind By The Associated Press Five men were killed Tuesday as a tornado struck Southwestern Pennsylvania and high winds and storms ripped into Eastern New England, damaging buildings and utilities, but most other sections of the country enjoyed pleasant weather. The Salem, Mass., Coast Guard airbase said the wind reached 116 miles an hour at its height and the Boston Weather bureau said 2.7 inches of rain fell in less than 12 hours. Three men were kiled in New England. One was fatally injured when lightning demolished a one story factory at Easton, Mass.; another died in Thomaston, Conn., when lightning struck a furnace he was repairing and a Readville, Mass., man was killed when his automobile collided with another car during a blinding downppour. A brick railroad roundhouse was smashed in Marblehead, Mass., homes in Brockton, Mass., and other towns were damaged. Publisher Blames Loan For Present British Ills NEW YORK, Sept. 2—(U.R)—Lord j Beaverbrook, British newspaper publisher, today blamed the American loan for Great Britain’s present economic crisis. In an article written for the Scripps - Howard Newspapers he said “easy” American dollsrs was more responsible than the Socialist government for ‘,the mess Britain is in.” “But certainly no blame at taches to the United States,” he said. (Beaverbrook’* articl# also ap peared in his London newspa pers.) i He said that if Britain had adopted a policy of developing empire potentialities with speed and vigor she would be self-sup porting or well on the way to be coming so now. “The basic cause of our being In the present condition instead of being well on the way to recov ery,” he said, “is the loan (Amer ican) and the conditions under which it was accepted. It provid ed easy money for Britain. It de stroyed our prospect of reeon (See PUBLISHER on Page Four) President Speaks At Final Session Chief Magistrate, Party Witness Signing Of Defense Treaty RIO DE " JANEIRO, Brazil, Sept. 2 — (U.R) —President Truma* said today that the United State* was determined to remain strong and that its traditional aversion to violence must not be misinter preted as an invitation to other* “o take liberties with the founda tions of international peace.” Addressing the closing session of the Inter-American conference at Petropolis, a few hours before he witnessed the signing here of a historic hemisphere defense treaty, the President said that the United States was deeply con scious of its world position in a post-war era which had brought it “bitter disappointment and deep concern.” Many nations were still subject ed to “foreign domination,” he said, and many in Europe and Asia “live under the shadow o4 armed aggression.” European recovery is lagging, he said, because of “paralysis of political fear and uncertainty.”' The United States, he caid, will pursue the quest for a real peace “with no less persistence and no less determination than we ap. plied to the quest for military vic tory.” Its foreign policy, he said, is to help impoverished countries and to be faithful to the Unitea Na tions. Leaving no doubt in the mindo of the delegates of 19 American Republics who heard him that ho referred to Russia, Mr. Truman continued: “In carrying out our policy wo are determined to remain strong. This is in no way a threat. The record of the past speaks for u*. No great nation has been more reluctant than ours to use armed See PRESIDENT on Page Four “FROSH” TO HOLD NHHS SPOTLIGHT Newcomers To Be Kings, Queens Today In Prepa ration For Opening Annual “Freshman Day” will be observed today at New Han over high school for possibly the largest freshman class in the his tory of the school, it was report ed yesterday by school officials. The Frosh Day activities will get underway at 8:45 o’clock this morning as the newcomers as semble in front of the high school for a pep rally, led by the school cheer ieaders. The students will go immediate ly to their designated homerooms after the pep rally and will attend Homeroom Class, the first official high school class for the fresh men, at 9 o’clock. A program will follow in the: auditorium and will consist of «. devotional by Miss Betty Eirilz, welcome to the freshman class by Principal T. T. Hamilton, a re view of student government ac tivities by Malcolm Crawford, president of the student body; solo by Pete Acree, study of stu dent telephone directory by Jim my Singleton, student publications of handbook, Hanoverian, and the Wildcat by Miss Catherine Mc Rae, club activities by Billy Quarles, a review of judicial sys tem of the school by Blantey Lee, and a talk on the legislative branches of the school and fresh men elections by Miss Catherine Crowe. Following the series of events in the auditorium the students will journey to their first five classes and remain in each lor 15 minutes. Refreshments will be given the students in the high school cafe teria from 11 o’clock to 11 30 aft er which they will return for ». 15 minute stay in their fifth or sixth, and seventh period classes. ■ Upon completion of the seven classes the newcomers will be dismissed for the remainder of the day only to resume school ac tivities tomorrow morning at 8:80 o’clock with the sophomore. Jun ior, and senior classes. And So To Bed Men stood before the Wil mington Savings Bank & Trust company on Princess street yesterday morning an hour be fore the bank opfcned. The line of those waiting to enter the bank when its doors were open ed extended along the street. Spectators gathered to look on. "What was it all about?" was the question on many lipa. A clerk came along the street. "Just stand in line," he ex plained. "The bank is not go ing broke. We have plenty of money to pay all deposlten.” "We’re only waiting to cash our terminal leave pay checks from the government," replied one of those in the line.