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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, September 21, 1947, SECTION A, Image 6

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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday^
By The Wilmington Star-News
B. B. Page, Publisher
Telephone All Uepartments 2-3311
£^d as Second Class Matter at Wilming
tea N. C Post (Xfice Undei Act of Congress
oi March a. 1879__
Payable Weekly or in Advance
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the use for republication of »U loc,l ne*p
printed In this newspaper, as well as «U A
news dispatches._____
_ —--li
Star Program !
State port* with Wilmington favored
in proportion with It* resource*, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco storage
warehouses, ship repair facilities, near
by sues for heavy industry and S5-ioo?
Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium large enough ,to meet
reeds for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agiicuUuraJ and industrial re
sources through better msrket* and food
processing, pulp wood production and
Emphasis on the region’s recrea’ion
advantages ana improvement of resort |
accommodations I'
Improvement of Southeastern North I.
Carolina s farm-to-market and primary
roads, with a paved highway from Top
sail inlet to Bald head island.
Continued effort through the City’s In
dustrial Agency to attract more in
Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air
port for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina s health facilities, especially in
counties lacking hospitals, and includ
ing a Negro Health center.
Encouragement of the growth of com
mercial fishing.
Consolidation ol City and County gov
Nevertheless they did flatter Uim
with their mouth, and they lied unto
him with tongues.—Psalms 78:36.
Engineers Win Again
While the country as a whole kept an
interested eye on*the monstrous hurricane
rushing across southern Florida Wednesday
night, the Corps of Engineers of the War
department centered its immediate attention
on one region—Lake Okeechobee.
It was vitally interested because, after
man^ years, one of its larger engineering
achievments was receiving its first great
The story goes back to 1928 when a dead
ly tropical storm smashed over the lake,
west of West Palm Beach, and swept its
shallow waters westward and then east
ward to drown an estimated 1,500 persons
trapped in the surrounding lowland. Dam
age to the crops, all in the harvest stage
was approximately $315,000,000. Within a
few months, plans were under way to ring
the large body of water—it is 28 miles in
diameter—with a.35-foot dyke. The project
also included several flood gates. The tre
mendous job, requiring the expenditure of
$22,855,000, was completed in 1933.
Satisfied that their works would hold,
the Army Engineers then began the wait
for the supreme test— another great hur
It came last week with winds up to 120
miles an hour, quite comparable to those of
the disaster of almost two decades ago.
While this storm skirted the southern rim
of the lake, its winds reached 100 miles an
hour over the water, seven inches
higher than ever before. But the retaining
wall met the terrific demands and there
were no breaks or overflow into the rich
lowlands. Only damage suffered by the
bean, cane and other crops was from the
high winds and accompanying heavy rain
Thus, their levy withstood its greatest
assault. Although most of the residents of
Moore Haven, on tjie west, and Pahokee, on
the east, were evacuated, those who remain
ed were free of the danger of floods. In
expending the millions to effect the theory
of protection, the government, through the
Army Engineers, enhanced the value of one
of the nation’s most productive food grow
ing areas. As far as Lake Okeechobee is
concerned, the section is now safe from such
hurricanes of last week and in 1928. This
assurance should encourage its greater de
velopin' it.
Lake Okeechobee is but one of thousands
of projects, large and small, standing to
the credit of the Army Engineers as they
quietly go about their peace-time assign
ments of building and maintaining perma
nent facilities for greater national safety
and prosperity.
Quite A Comfort
Nationalization of the coal industry is
the cause of the “present unrest’\ among
British miners, according to an editorial in
the United Mine Workers Journal.
The UMW paper states further that John
L. Lewis’ union has voted down all pro
posals for nationalization in this country,
and that all it asks is “improved safety legis
It is a comfort to knew that private,
ownership can be thanked for Mr. Lewis’
I’anquil contentment and modest demands
t eontract-negotiating timt.
Should Change Position
Only obstacle between Wilmington and
establishment of vitally needed east-west
air service is the Civil Aeronautics Board s
decision as to whether it will re-open this
part of the now-famous Southeastern case
and, if so, what changes it may order in the
franchise granted Piedmont Aviation, of
A temporary certificate of operation was
awarded Piedmont over State and other air
lines but actual issuance has been held up
by appeals for review of the case.
After months of costly preparation, Pied
mont is now ready to place its planes in the
air on regular schedule between Wilming
ton and Cincinnati. But it cannot ao so until
final temporary certification is granted.
State Airlines has been the leader in the
fight against Piedmont. It carried its re
quest for dissolution of the original CAB
decision as far as the U. S. DistrictNCourt of
Appeals in Washington. There its petition
ivas denied and now its attorney says the
Charlotte company will not continue to the
Supreme court, as earlier threatened by
H. K. Gilbert, Jr., president.
Wilmington City Council assisted State
in its campaign by joining in the petition for
a review and new hearing. Now that State
has failed in court, shouldn't the city with
draw its participation in the plea, reverse
its stand and, because of extensive prepa
ration by Piedmont, request CAB not to
deviate from its original sianar neteuuj,
the board of County Commissioners called
on the Federal agency to make its decision
as soon as possible and, in view of the
fact that three years have passed since the
controversy began, continue to favor Pied
Wilmington is essentially interested in
adequate air service.
As to which airline provides it is a mat
ter of secondary importance. And since
Piedmont is ready to start—date of inaugu
ration of flights was set for early this month
but later suspended because of State’s entry
into court—why not forget the past in the
interest of the community solidarity in seek
ing the service? Because the community has
been ignored so long, CAB is definitely
obliged to an early ruling on a matter so
important to 'Wilmington and other North
Carolina cities.
If it should1 re-open the case and sub
stantiate State’s plea for the franchise, it
would be many months before the service
would be available.
The City had everything to lose and com
paratively little to gain by siding with State,
Since that fact is clearer today than ever
before, it should change its attitude and
join in urging issuance of certificate to
Piedmont, the airline whose actions have
proved its sincere interest in our air trans
portation welfare.
Took A Long Time, Didn’t It?
Henry Morgenthau, Jr., joining the grow
ing group of retailers of behind-the-scene
reminiscences of the Roosevelt administra
;ion, has disclosed that Henry A. Wallace
cassed out so much money during the Hew
Deal’s high spending days that the former
Secretary of the Treasury told him he was
‘getting away with murder.”
Mr. Morgenthau declared the then Secre
ary of Agriculture spent more and got less
or it during 1934-37 than either Mr. Hop
rins o. Mr. Ickes.
Mr. Wallace’s department “gave away”
wo and a half billion dollars in three years,
■’or one nine-month period, his overhead
vas $130,000,000 to distribute $516,000,000.
Mr. Wallace has always liked to do things
—with other people's money and safety, of
;ourse—in the grand manner. No sir, noth
ng half way for Henry. And he hasn’t
:hanged since the days he was riding high,
vide and handsome under the late Mr.
Even after the advent of the Truman ad
ninistration, he tried to continue on a big
;cale, illustrated best by his flight into
'oreign policy. The famous New York
speech which cost him his job was another
ncident of pulling out all the* stops. De
manding a complete reversal in foreign
policy, he called for acceptance of the Rus
sians through full appeasement. Yes, one
world, a Communistic one, for Henry and
his followers.
Fortunately, the strength of American
public opinion cast him out of public life.
He was just as determined to endanger the
United States by having it bow to a power
known to have but one aim, the demolition
rf Democracy, as he was to throw away
millions handed him during the Roosevelt
Mr. Wallace is incapable of evaluating
the ultimate returns on his grandiose
schemes, either in the field of financial re
lief for domestic agriculture or world poli
tics. He got away “with murder” of Ameri
can dollars but revealed himself before he
could deal the same sort of fate to our in
ternational position. But it did take the
American people a long time to find out
just how impractical Mr. Wallace is, didn’t
Next Year’s Ballot
Despite the most active early season cam
paigning by major state candidates in our
memory, the heights of North Carolinians’
present interest in next year’s primary and
election could be measured best with a
Those to whom politics have a direct bear
ing on their livelihood are doing some talk
ing and quiet work. But average citizens,
whose votes will decide the winners, are
coolly indifferent. Maybe they’re reading
what the candidates are saying (but back
in their minds is the thought that there are
really are no big issues. And with the first
primary day more than eight months away,
there’s plenty of time to decide how they
will mark their ballots.
Then, too, the higher office seekers have
been appearing before their “own” audi
ences. They’ve said little new or unexpected.
It will be many weeks before they’ll move
into the open field and start the kind of
sparring, maybe releasing an occasional left
jab, which makes the public pick up its
eyes and ears.
Interest in possible local races in 1948 is
even quieter than that accorded the state
Only evidence of concern we’ve noticed
was not in possible candidates but the of
fices to be filled through the primary and
election. Those who have given any thought
whatsoever to their next year’s ballot know
it will be a lean one from the standpoint
of places to be filled.
First, New Hanover will join six other
Southeastern North Carolina counties of the
Seventh Congressional district in selecting
their Democratic nominee for the national
House of Representatives, a position now
held by Rep. J. Bayard Clark, of Fayette
New Hanover and Duplin, two of the four
counties in the Ninth State Senatorial dis
trict, will not ballot on a nominee th^s time
as selection of the two senators will be up
to the remaining counties, Pender and
Sampson. This party agreement has pre
vailed for many years. Present senators are
Alton A. Lennon, of Wilmington, and Rivers
Johnson, of Warsaw.
The county will, however, vote on a mem
ber of the State House of Representatives.
Rep. Robert M. Kermon has said he will
seek re-election.
Only offices remaining to go before next
year's local electorate are Register of Deeds,
with Adrian B. Rhodes incumbent, and three
of the five positions on the board of County
commissioners. Board members whose four
year terms expire early next December are
Chairman Addison Hewlett, Sr., James M.
Hall and Louis J. Coleman. Some minor
listings for constables and justices of the
peace will complete the ballot.
And for those who like to jot down such
dates, the first primary will be on May
and the second, if necessary, on June 26.
The general election will be on Nov. 2.
Yes, the number of positions coming up
for decision is small in New Hanover.
But that’s no indicator that public indif
ference will prevail, especially as to the
Commission posts, after the first of March,
usual date for the temperature of politics
to turn upward here.
Showdown In UN
The remainder of the family of nations
has notified Russia and its satellites that
they can either cooperate in peace or live
alone in two worlds with a continual threat
of war.
That is the essence of efforts to liberalize
the veto in the United Nations.
Used by the Russians in their general
policy of obstructionism so often that we've
lost count, the majority members of UN
appear determined to remove the greatest
of obstacles to it becoming a practical, work
ing organization. Complete abolition of the
veto is the ultimate goal so that majority
rule will prevail among the major powers.
As long as one may say “no” to any proposi
tion, UN is powerless.
The Soviet union has lost the first round,
an effort to prevent a special UN conference
on the veto issue. The steering committee
passed the proposal on to the assembly by
a 9 to 2 vote. Thare will be other rounds
and as each is fought, tempers and talk of
war will mount. But the feeling is growing
fast that either Russia or the veto must go.
If it is the former, it will be because the
remainder of the world is disgusted with
Russia’s continual bluffing, tired of its ever
present spirit of non-cooperation. Accom
panying this will be the sentiment that the
democracies, in fact, all except Moscow’s
vassal states, may eventually have to oppose
Communism’s expansion with force.
But the danger must be risked if the
United Nations is to survive. Time for its
reconstruction through elimination of the
veto is overdue because use of this parlia
mentary weapon by Russia has done more
than anything else to damage public confi
dence in the potentially great organization.
If Russia must talk war, as Deputy For
eign Minister Vishinsky did so vigorously
last week, it must be prepared to realize
that more and more of the world’s people
are approaching the conclusion that if we
must fight eventually, why not now?
It is showdown time and the United Na
tions is the logical location for it.
Double Damage
The Grand jury’s place in the machinery
of justice has been questioned recently with
one North Carolina Superior court judge
going so far as to suggest its abolition.
We do not agree but the conduct of
two juries, one in Northampton and another
in Warren county, in recent weeks certainly
gives cause to wonder whether prejudice
sometimes prevails over reason in acting
on presentments. That a crime was commit
ted by a mob in removing Buddy Bush, a
young Negro, from a jail with intention of
lynching him goes without saying. But both
juries found themselves unable to indict the
Whether the would-be lynchers will ever
be brought to trial depends, as we see it,
not so much on the quality of evidence as
the attitude of the Grand-jury considering it.
The ones which dealt with Bush’s case cer
tainly did nothing toward substantiating
the prestige of the Grand jury system. They
damaged it as badly as they did justice as
a whole in North Carolina.
A resident of a Michigan town reported
radio programs coming in from his stove.
Well some programs sound like blazes.
■■ ■■ "—** ■■ ■ ■—
The Gallup Poll
Public Anger Over High Prices Not
Concentrated On Any Certain Group
. __i_
No Major Section Blamed
By More Than One-Fifth,
Of The Voters
Director, American Institute of
Public Opinion
PRINCETON, N. J., Sept. 20—
A senate committee last week
began a series of hearings em
bracing 12 cities in an attempt to
diagnose the cause of today’s
soaring living costs.
If the oommittee visited every
city in the nation and asked all
citizens to name the group or
groups responsible for skyrocket
ing food and other prices, they
would not find the public’s ire
foccused on any one scapegoat.
What this means is that, while
there is a lot of talk and great
exasperation about prices, it is
going to be very difficult to make
political capital out of the high
cost of living.
If it were true that a major
proportion of the public blamed
any single factor or group of the
population for high prices, a pol
itician could no doubt dig pay
dirt out of the issue. But at this
statge certainly no evidence
exists of any such unanimity of
opinion among voters.
The Institute has polled a na
tionwide cross-section of voters
on this question:
“Do you blame anyone for
present high prices%”
Yes . 50%
No . 36
No Opinion . 14
The voters who said they did
hold someone responsible were
then asked whom they blamed.
Their replies:
Government . 17%
Business and Industry - 14
Labor .f-. 9
Everyone . 7
Republicans . 2
Farmers . 1
Miscellaneous .4
(Adds to more than 50% be
cause some gave more than one
Thus, the largest sinble bloc
of opinion in the jountry (36%)
holds no one responsible. The
next largest group places the
blame on the government, which
could mean either of the major
political parties since they share
power in Washington. Those
blaming business and industry
are similarly divided among vot
ers who name “retailers,”
(Continued on Page Seven)
Letters To The Editor
Wants Police To Control
The ‘Scooter’ Situation
To The Editor:
Wilmington now has “scoot
ers”. There are dozens of the
darn lttle “Putt Putts”. Also
along wth this innovation, the
city has a new type of traffic
As Isit in my office over
looking the intersection at sec
ond and Chestnut streets, I
have the opportunity to see, at
first hand, the many and va
rious traffic violatons and fool
hardy stunts indulged in by the
teen-aged d ri v e r s of these
wasp-like mechanical fleas that
aspire to the realm of inexpen
sive transportation for the aver
age American wage earner.
Definately’ that is what they
were invented for. However,
unfortunately the original has
gone awry and has resulted in
a lot of over-indulgent parents
listening to the pleas of their
offsprng and buying them a
So what has happened? They
“beat” the stoplights. They ig
nore them entirely. They cut in
and out through traffic. They
endanger the lives of not only
their drivers but also the lives
of everyone using the streets of
in snort, tne teen-age drivers
of these strange contraptons,
constitute a menace to the life
and safety of all Wilming
tonians, 24 hours daily, every
Members of the Wilmington
Police department, what about
doing something about this situ
Wilmington, N.C.,
Sept. 19, 1947.
To the Editor:
I attended Sunday school out
of town last Sunday, which was
a helpful change, as I get new
ideas from different teachers,
though they use the same texts.
Good will or how to live with
other people was the theme,
and the discussion included the
Marshall plan or aid to Europe.
Well, as usual, 1 stepped in
where angels dare not" t^ead
and suggested that in our eval
uation of the situation . we
should take into consideration
the per capita indebtedness of
this Country as against such in
debtedness of the countries we
are called upon to help. I
thought such was just common
sense, but I was promptly ask
ed if I would be wiling to ex
charge places with these dis
tressed countries of Europe for
their lesser per capita indebt
Of course, that, was not the
issue, but my interrogator
thought it was the test, and, if
I were not so willing, I wras
stopped to further object to the
plan, which I had not objected
to, but merely suggested that
we should take out time to con
sider our ability to further aid
Europe, and, if so, to wnat ex
However, the foregoing illus
trates our approach to matter
of vital importance, which is
emotional rather than intellect
ual I have no disposition to
discredit- the emot'onai element
in cur lives, but I do insist that
we were given intellects for at
least seme use.
Now if I could forget the
past. J might view the Marshall
plan more favorably. But the
Dawes and Young plans, parts
of World War I aftermath, for
the rehabilitation, not of Eu
rope. but only of Germany, still
stick in my memory. We then
failed miserably to prevent the
collapse of Germany and the
rise of Nazism Maybe we can
improve upon those plans but
I am skeptical. Since VJ-Day
we have poured 23 billion dol
lars into Europe and Asia in
an effort to prevent starvation
and disease. Notwithstanding
all this, we are now told that
the situation is worse than at
any time since the end of the
shooting war; and in addition
to that, we are now called upon
to prevent the spread of com
munism, something more diffi
cult to do than the rise of
Nazism 25 years ago, at which
we failed utterly.
Don’t get me on wrong. I
Behind TheN^
Reds Promoting
Unrest In Ita|y
AP Foreign Affairs
Where will the Rn,/ "j'st
strike next? “Sailing
, That’s a natural qu„q.v .
view.of Soviet Deputv a in
Minister Vishinsky’s r-;, ,re‘®»
tions speech which bv £",**■
tion made it clear t'm, p a'
intends — come hell' , ,51a
water - to pursue bs V1*
of world revolution for th *
Jablishment of Communism W
may have our answer in j
critical situation. tUi' *
That war-shattered on' .
treading close to a left-wm£n
tical upheaval. The life r8fpo!l'
government under Premier Ai
cie de Gasperi, leader nf , '
slightly right-of-center Chmti
Democratic party. js ;n _;,an
danger from a powerful and Z*
certed attack by the Comni l'
ists and Socialists, who^S
sentatives were ousted from th ’
cabinet some time ago.
But this is no ordinary flu*
tuation of political fortunes „
vqlving merely tenure of off, .
under the same form of g0Ve,l
ment. The extreme left is reach!
ing for power.
The situation is complicated
by economic chaos which h-,
provided fertile ground for til
lage _ by the Communists
and pinks, and they haven't nes
lected their opportunities. Anion*
recent activities they have been
cooperating‘in planning a huge
country wide demonstration for
today against the cost of living
and against Gasperi’s gov
ernment — “Against the specu
lation and egotism of privileged
capitalistic groups.”
Some Italian newspapers hav*
described the demonstration as
a “prelude je revolution.” Pal
miro Togliatti, Russian trained
Italian Communist leader, yes
terday denied this. However! he
did say that “there is a will for
revolution in large strata of the
Italian people.”
Meantime, for the past twelve
days there has been a strike of
1,000,000 farm workers, egged on
by the extreme leftists, in north
ern Italy. This strike, which
finally was composed yesterday,
placed crops in jeopardy at t
time when the Italian peninsula
is suffering grievously from food
shortage. This, of course, has
added to the discontent of an al
ready distressed population.
In this stormy atmc iphere
Italy has moved toward a cli
max which the extreme leftists
intend shall involve the down
fall of the Gasperi government
in one way or another. The Com
munist - Socialist combination
hopes to achieve the overthrow
of the government next week on
a vote of no-confidence in the
constituent assembly. If that
fails — what? are we witnessing
a “prelude to revolution?”
i Whatever the answer may be,
this much we do know: Italy is
high on the list of coun
tries which Moscow badly wants
to bring under its control. This
would be a mighty step toward
conquest of Western Europe
and, what is even more to the
point, would provide an invalu
able base from which the Mus
covites could continue their
campaign to secure control of
Greece, Turkey and the Darda
nelles and thereby achieve their
ambition of becoming a Medi
terranean power.
That is the impulse back of
Togliatti’s powerful drive to put
Communism in power in Italy.
hav^ no brief for Communism.
In fact, we are too Commu
nistic already; but there is not
much to choose between Com
munism and national bank
ruptcy. We today actually owe
the equal of our total wealth
a decade ago, and the fact that
we owe it to each other does
not make us in reality more
solvent than if we owed it to
outsiders. The only difference is
in the prospect of soon being
called upon to settle But settle
ment coukl come with astonish
ing swiftness, either W
repudiation or violent inflation,
and we are rapidly approachmg
the latter method of settlement.
The point that I am trying to
get across is that there is *
limitation to our ability to ex
tend national credit. The fer*
eral government is at present
in worse condition with respec^
to its finances than any othe*
governmental unit, state, coun
ty or municipal, with which
am acquanited; yet we go mer
rily on asking federal aid tor
(Continued on Page Seven^
Around Capitol Square
Young Democrats’ Meeting Attracts Candidates
RALEIGH, Sept. 20—Raleigh
was almost as full of Demo
crats Friday and Saturday as
it is for meetings of t'ne regular
state Democratic convention.
The occasion was the second—
actually the first full-scale —
meeting of the North Carolina
Young Democratic clubs since
end of the war. The “young”
designation was applicable only
in the sense that most of the
attendants were youthful in
spirit and optimistic outlook.
Many gray heads, even more
bald ones, were much in evi
dence, and the conventioners
included a large percentage of
the men who have been and are
now running the state govern
POLITICS — To perhaps
greater extent than at regular
party conclaves the early arri
val* among the YD’s were con
cerned with internal politics —
who should be president, vice
president, etc. — for the next
year. The positions are more
than usually important this
time because it is generally
conceded the 1948 campaign
will be one of the hardest
fought in a long time. YDC offi
cers elected at this convention
will be in office during the pri
mary and' until the fall cam
paign gets well underway.
SERIOUS — There is a
serious-mindedness about these
younger citizens that indicates
real concern for the future of
the state. But there is no evi
dence of despair or lack of faith
in the ability of the people to
come through any sort of trou
blous times. A big percentage
of those attending this meeting
came through the Hitler-Tpjo
difficulty all right and while
readily confessing the problems
now are different they refuse
to admit they are any more
challenging. Along the same
line there is apparently more
inclination than before the war
to co-ordinate YDC activities
more closely with regular party
affairs—and to demand larger
voice for younger men and
women without necessity of
widening the breach between
two organizations. That is per
haps due to the fact the real
leaders are on the age border
DOUBLING — Many of the
conventioners are killing two
birds with one stone. The com
mission on the administration
oi justice set a meeting for Fri
day so its members could also
attend the YOC convention. A
Yancey county delegation fixed
an appointment with the gover
nor to discuss road problem* on
the same date for the same rea
son. A dozen or more lawyers
and former members o
general assembly were er.' -
tered around Capitol -qu3 e
“on business with state dep< *
ments,” but also mixing witn
the convention crowd aroui
the hotel.
AMBITIOUS—One little sfory
illustrates this point, b - ‘
Whitener is' solicitor p! ’j
Mecklenburg - Gaston iuau a‘
district, retiring president
the Young Democrats ann »
member of the justice adrnn'uS
tration commission. He was <>
costed in the hotel loboy r
Fred Helms of Charlotte, also
a commission member, vi" -
question: “Are you trying
improve the administration -
justice, or are you atternr' * ’
to run the politics of the sta ■
“Well,” replied Wliitener
reckon I’ll have to do sona .
both.” He later admitted tne
program was probably too

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