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L--— _ ^ State end National News VOL^B^~N0, 2-~----- WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1947 ESTABLISHED 1867 * Truman Faces policy Tests president Will Discuss ^eighty Questions With I 1 Marshall Today WASHINGTON, Sept. 21 —UP) President Truman and Secre " '0f state Marshall shoulder by side tomorrow global nlitical 311(1 economic P™b Ls which may require more .Lrican biUions and a special session of Congress. ‘ Marshall interrupted his work chief of the American dele tion at the United Nations General Assembly in New York so he could fly to Washington tonight. plans are for the President see him shortly after noon tomorrow. Weighty questions demanding quick policy deci sions at the top have descended Mil force on the' two of them. Underlying the troubles Eu rope has' transferred across the Atlantic is the fact that nation after nation lacks food and fuel and dollars to buy them in the United States or elsewhere. What the aammisirauon must determine is how much help thjS country should provide, how soon it should act, and whether Congress should be summoned to Washington ahead of the regular January meeting date. y Many Conferences The decisions will flow from a round of conferences invol ving not only the President and his secretary of state, but also other top bracket men in the government. Marshall himself, aides said, will sit in on meetings of the Cabinet Food committee tomor row before and after his con ference at the White House. Serving on it with him are Sec retary of Agriculture Anderson and Secretary of Commerce Harriman. The President set up this committee more than a year ago to see what could be done about feeding Europe. Now it has to determine whether it is wiser policy to: Ask Americans to notch in their belts and continue ship ping food to hungry Europe at record rates, or EGYPTIANS BLAST AMERICA, BRITAIN More Than 1,000 Army Workers Demonstrate Before Presidency CAIRO, EGYPT, Sept. 21. — JP) — More than 1,000 employes of the Egyptian Army work shops marched on the presidency of the council of ministers today, denouncing Britain and the United States. They cheered Fremier Mahmoud Fahmy No krashi Pasha and shouted, “long live Russia, Poland and Syria!” The premier returned yesterday from United Nation session which reached no decision on Egypt’s demand for withdrawal of Bri tish troops from the Nile valley and an end to British administra tion of the Sudan. The demonstrators hailed No krashi Pasha as the “hero of revolt” and shouted: “We want arms, Nokrashi!” They denounc ed France, China and Brazil, which some Egyptians accuse along with the United States of failing to support them in the Security Council. Russia, Polish and Syria delegates to the coun cil favored evacuation of British troops from Egypt. Police Lines uroKen As the premier arrived, the crowd broke through police lines, crying: “Long Live No hrashi, enemy of the British. Down with the 3936 (Anglo Dgyptian) treaty! No negotiations and no alliance!” The crowd dispersed at the Premier’s request, made through Ms aide-de-camp. The Egyptian driver of a U. S- Embassy bus was struck on the neck by a demonstrator yes terday when the bus stopped near a hotel in a dense crowd wel coming the premier. An effort ‘as made to tear the embassy ;!gn off the bus, but police quick ly ended the incident, one source 'Cpoited. Seventeen non-Ameri can employes of the Embassy *cft tne bus and taxied home. The Weather FORECAST . ■ Carolina and South Carolina— partly cloudy, windy and cool ; -.lowers in east portion. Meteorological data for the 24 hours !ng " :30 p. m. yesterday. . 0 Temperatures ., "0 a.m. 73; 7:30 am. 73; 1:30 p.m. 85; P.m. 79. ■ axim,;m 37; Minimum 72: Mean 79; ■'“tmal 72. 1 Humidity ;.'n,w0 a-*n- 98; 7:30 a.m. 99; 1:30 p.m. 61; u0 P-m. 83. » . Precipitation -!n?.or the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m. X:00 inches. &*nce the First of the month— u incnes. o Tides For Today l\ s0n,' 1!le Tide Tablets published by Coast and Geodetic Survey). V.'ij. High Low '•ngton 3:02 a.m. 10:15 a.m. ;,12 3:09 p.m. 10:58 p.m. ,Jf,r° Inlet 12:45 a.m. 6:52 a.m S.,,... 1:29 p.m. 7:44 p.m. I:3t , ' am9; Sunet 6:56; Moonrise p » Moonset 12:15 p.m. •at stage at 8'ayettevile, N. C., at m Saturday, 9.3 feet. DR. WANG SHIH-CHIEH, Chi nese foreign minister, has an nounced that China will line up with Russia in refusing a United States invitation to an 11-nation Japanese peace conference. Rea son for the rejection is the failure to include Big Four veto poorer in the conference plans. NATIONS TO SEAL ECONOMIC REPORT RAF PJane Will Fly Docu ment To Washington For Marshall Action PARIS, Sept. 21.—(UP))—The report of the 16-nation European Economic Conference, which says that Western Europe will need $16,295,000,000 from the United States for economic re covery, will be sealed tomorrow and flown to the United States for action by Secretary of State George C. Marshall. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bev in of Great Britain will wield the gavel signalizing the close of the two and one-half months conference and a Royal Air Force plane will fly the 20,000 word report to Washington. The report says Europe’s economic crisis can be remedied and post-war reconstruction ac complished by the importation of raw materials totaling $16, 295,000,000, with the United States footing the bill, and machinery worth $3,394,000 000 to be paid for by the Internation al Bank. On the eve of the close of the See NATIONS on Page Two RECORD RAINFALL DARKENS RALEIGH Capital City Gets 5.64 Inch Drenching In Six Hour Period RALEIGH, Sept. 21 ,- A record-breaking 5.64-inch rain that fell here last night plunged the city into darkness for half an hour, did extensive damage to streets and sewers, stalled scored of automobiles, and forc ed the evacuation of a tourist camp. The U. S. Weather bureau re ported that local records were broken when a fall of 3.69 inches was recorded in one three-hour period and a total of 5.53 inches fell in a six-hour period. The rain began at about 7:30 last night and ended at about 4:30 this morning. Electric power throughout the city was cut off aj midnight when a power substation was flooded. Flood waters backed up into a tourist camp at the edge of tion of seven cabins by some 15 persons. TWO WOMEN BRUISED UP IN COLLISION OF CARS AT 13TH STREET Two women sustained bruises and lacerations in a collision of two automobiles at 13th and Princess streets which resulted in the arrest of Earl Howell, 2866 Jefferson street, charged with passing a stop sign, police reported last night. Mrs. Earl Howell suffered a bruised hand and head, while Miss Odell George, luP South 17th street, a passenger in the 1947 coach driven by Clarence R. Spivey of Route 2, Leland, sustained a bruised left knee. The accident occurred at around 4:45 p.m. Sunday with Howell driving east on 13th street and Spivey headed north on Princess, police said._ British Ready To Okay Plan Partition Of Palestine To Be Accepted, Authori tative Source Says LONDON, Sept. 21.—(UP))—An authoritative foreign office source said tonight Great Britain will offer to accept the patition of Palestine when she presents her case to the United Nations General Assembly, but will in sist that other member nations assist in carrying out the job. The source, who asked that he not be identified by name, said it could be “taken for granted” that this would be the official British position present ed to the U. N. by Colonial Sec retary Arthur Creech Jones, who leaves tomorrow for New York. Specific details of what action the British cabinet took on the Palestine question at a meeting Saturday have not been announc ed. Reports that the cabinet voted to accept the majority report of the United Nations Special Com mittee on Palestine (UNSCOP), which recommended partition of the Holy Land and interim im migration of Jews on a large scale, could not be confirmed of ficially in any authoritative quarter. Most reliable indications were that the cabinet reached no ir reparable decision and that its instructions to Creech Jones were of a conditional nature. The one point on which there could be no doubt that all the ministers agreed, the source said, was that Great Britain no longer could bear the burden of supporting nearly 100,000 troops in Palestine to preserve order. “That means there will be two conditions Creech Jones must put before the Assembly,” he added. “1. That a deadline must be set for British troops to leave. “2.That the United Nations as a a whole, or a number of its mem bers, must be ready to help in the actual enforcement of the solution, whether it’s partition or otherwise.” One high ranking political source said the influential in ternational subcommittee of the Labor party had recommended that the cabinet accept the UNSCOP majority plan. VIOLENCE TAKES ) ES OF SEVEN Auto Accidents Account For Two Fatalities; One Man Missing BY ASSOCIATED PRESS Violent death claimed at least seven lives in North Carolina during the weekend and at least one other person was missing and feared drowned. The missing man was Jack Wollard, about 40, a farmer liv ing near Bath on the Pamlico river. He was missing from a party of seven men after their boat overturned in the river Sun day during a storm. Coast Grard crews were set to drag the river today. Neriah Ellwood Berry. Jr., a truck driver of Aurora, was fa tally injured in a fall from a track near Aurora early Sunday. Wade Holland, 17, was drown ed near Franklin, late Friday while swimming in the Little Tennessee river. Hub Bryson, *0, uiea in a Murphy hospital Friday of burns suffered earlier in the week when he came in contact with a high tension electric line. Bobby Glenn Woodall, 13, was dragged to his death by a run away mule Saturday near his home on Route 4, Raleigh Cor oner Irving M. Cheek said one of the boy’s feet became en tangled in the plowlines. Jane Sebastian, 3, was crush ed to death at Burlington Satur day night when an old monu ment fell on her while she was playing at a stone works. Charles Ray Wilson, 5, was killed Saturday night in the col lision of an automobile and a truck near Newton. He was a passenger in the truck with his parents and brother. Milton Everett Nobles, 14, died in a Cherry Point Marine Base hospital Saturday night of injuries suffered in an automo bile accident Sept. 7. The youth was from Kinston. Polyglot New York Pays Tears Tribute To Butch BY PHIL AULT United Press Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Sept. 21 —(U.R)— This polyglot metropolis paid a tribute of tears today to Fiorello H. La Guardia, an im migranto’s son who had a pas sion for its people; In shuffling procession, their somber stillness ruffled by sobs, the sleek and the ragged, the ancients and infants of New York’s melting pot. filed through the Cathedral of St. John The Divine to view the remains of the former mayor. Men in sports shirts, others in top hats, women in slack* and fashionable low hemline dresses mingled in the throng that hour after hour, 40 a mi nute passed the brown metal casket. More than 20,000 were expected to pass the bier to day. Tomorrow the “Little Flow er,” a victim of cancer at 64, will be eulogized and buried by dignitaries. But this was the See POLYGOT Page Two Marshall Scores Smashing Victory In Move To Revise U N Peace Setup; New Storm Rising South Of Miami _I---—-:-:_:__ Storm Warnings Up On East Coast Devil’s Cauldron Of Carib bean Spawning Second Big Blow NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 21—m —Even as floods added to this city’s woes and the hurricane battered Gulf coast counted its dead- —probably around 70 and less than feared—a second tropi cal disturbance was rising in the devil’s cauldron of the Caribbean. This new disturbance 330 miles south of Miami is not yet classi fied by the Weather Bureau as a hurricane, but, ominously, the forecasters reported a definite circulation of 40 to 50 mile winds —the first step in spawning a big blow. The new storm sent winds of 50 miles per hour over Grand Cayman Island, indicating that its intensity is increasing, but the Weather Bureau added there was no well-defined storm cen ter. The course of the storm was northeastward at about, 10 miles per hour. Storm warnings flapped from Palm Beach to Key West. Weari ly the south Florida region took note of the disturbance while cleaning up from Wednesday’s hurricane, which whipped across See STORM On Page Two I TEXTILE WORKERS WILL SEEK RAISE Southern Union To Ask 15 Cents Per Hour To Meet Northern Wage ATLANTA, Sept. 21—UP)— CIO textile workers from eight Southern states today agreed te demand a 15 cents an hour gen eral wage increase to eliminate what they branded an “unjust” differential with the North. Three hundred delegates re presenting 125,000 members of the Textile Workers Union of America approved an immediate demand for the hike as suggest ed by union officials. George Baldanzi, executive vice president of the TWUA, told the delegates a recent 5 cent increase in Northern tex tile mills puts the differential at 15 cents. He cited further that textile ( mill profits have increased 35 ] percent this year over 1946. He , said profits of the Kendal Corp- ■ oration, after payment of taxes, : were up 175 percent and profits of Burlington Mills were up more than 100 percent. Man-Hour-Profit \ He said mill owners profit 78 cents for each man-hour of work now compared with 59 cents in i 1946. Baldanzi declared manufac- i tures are taking advantage of ! “increasing monopoly” in the ' textile industry to raise prices : beyond reasonable figures. He said the minimum textile i wage in the South is 80 cents an hour while the average is 94 cents. The Northern average was cited at $1.07. There was no immediate re- 1 action from employers to the 1 new demand, but one company- ■ Julliard Mills of Georgia—re- 1 cently suggested it was time < to cut wages instead of raise i them. 1 .States represented at the meeting today were North and ■ South Carolina, Virginia, Geor gia, Alabama, Tennesse Louis- : iana and Texas.< MARCHING INTO GORIZIA nine hours ah ead of schedule to claim their portion of the city, split by the new Italo-Yugoslav border, Yugoslav troops and Americans glare at each other. Yanks refused to permit Yugos to cross the barbed wi re, marking the borderline. Russia Now Building Hundred Up-To-Minute Industrial Cities HERMIT LEAVES GIFTS FOR DENVER CHILDREN, RIFLE TO UNIVERSITY DENVER, Sept. 21.—UP)—A well scribbled by a six-foot five-inch hermit who lived in a remote Colorado mountain sec tion will help Denver orphans and the University of Michigan for which he once played football. City Attorney J. Glenn Donaldson, executor of the $4,200 estate of. Karl Enosh, said today a Denver bank was directed to buy Christmas gifts for orphans with income from the estate. Enosh also asked that “my old 45-50 Sharps-rifle plus its ammunition ... be sent as my gift to the University of Mich igan . . . for its museum of curios.” Donaldson said the burly Enosh lived in a primitive shed 20 miles Southeast of Walden, in North-central Colorado. He dieJ.Ja.snt Jan. >21 in a Denver hospital. - The attorney said Enosh was a member of the University of Michigan football squad about 1908. ARTISTS TO SHOW WORK THIS WEEK rhree Southeastern Caro lina Men Will Display Paintings At Museum Three southeastern North Car ilina artist, two from the Wil nington area, will exhibit their vorks this week in the Mint vfuseaum of Art at Charlotte, t was announced yesterday. The artists are Claude Howell, >f Wilmington, Kenneth Harris, if Wrightsville Bfeach and Ben Villiams of Lumberton. The exhibits are billed as “one nan exhibitions.” Harris’s works, done in water :olor, have been on display at the state Art gallery in Raleigh, vhere he has exhibited for leveral years. His subject matter deals argely with the Wrightsville Beach area. Howell’s subjects ire of the Wilmington docks and ihipyards. Howell has attracted wide in erest in art circles, and has seen successful competitively vith his work since 1937. So far his year he has won prizes or listinctions in six exhibitions lonfined to the southern states ixclusively. Williams, the youngest of the rio, has met with much suc cess during the past two years n both regional and national exhibitions. Along The Cape Fear MUST PRODUCE COTTON CHEAPER.—At the outset of their dinner discussion following a tour of experimental cotton fields, the government agricul turists and Robeson county cot ton growers agreed that if cot ton were to withstand the on slought' of competition by syn thetic fibres, the first logical step would be to lower the cost of production. Mechanization with the use of such tractor drawn equipment as is now available was recom mended. Genetics offered no stumbling block at present, the cotton plants already developed proving to be quite satisfactory. Interesting experiments were re ported to be under way to de velop a plant that was resistant to weevils while having other desirable characteristics. One geneticist suggested that in the scramble to produce early bearing plants that would beat the weevil, there had been a ten dency to forget other desirable characteristics of the cotton plant. Planters had long ago discovered that application of sufficient nitrogen in the fertili zer gave the green light to the boll weevils and made manda tory an effective program of weevil control. # * # PROBLEM OF DISPLACED LABOR.—Crop dusting from low flying airplanes was declared to be satisfactory, but the growers hoped that a good tractor-drawn duster would become available. With a tractor-drawn dster and a mechanical cotton picker, the growing of cotton could be pro moted on a larger scale with lower cost of production, the planters agreed. This raised the social ques tion—what is to be done with the displaced labor? One plant er pointed out that the tenants on his farms looked upon the place as home, he admitted that hoeing cotton and picking cotton was drudgery, but he said it made a living for the tenants and asked what they would do if they were denied that living. That started a discussion in See CAPE FEAR Page Two PITTSBURGHER GETS LIGHT BRAISING BY HIP POCKET BLAZE PITTSBURGH, Sept. 21.— UP)—When his pants caught fire, Jack Kirkman, 35, call ed for the fire department. With wmoke rising from his hip pocket, he dashed a half-block to, a fire box to turn in an alarm. Then he ran back home and waited. Three engines and an am bulance arrived. But it was Fire Captain Harry Keller who got right to the seat of the trouble. He divested Kirkman of his smouldering ~ trousers and doused them in the sink. Kirkman suffered only in jured pride and a light braising. ARMY PLANS TEST OF LARGEST BOMB Giant Charges Of TNT Will Be Exploded Above, Underground WASHINGTON, Sept. 21 — (U.R) —The Army today disclosed plans to explode giant TNT charges against underground structures to find out how strong it must build sub teranean defenses against the atomic bomb. The biggest charge will be- a whopping 320,000 pounds—seven and a half times as big 'as the Army’s largest bomb and about one-fifth the rated explosive power of the A-bomb itself. Lt. Gen. Raymond A. Wheeler said the tests will be staged by his Corps of Army Engineers at the Dugway Proving grounds near Salt Lake City, Utah, and See ARMY Plans on Page Two One Of Present Nameless Cities Designed As Soviet “Oak Ridge” NEW YORK, Sept. 21 —(.?)— An article in the magazine United Nations World said to day the Soviet Union, unknown to the outside world, has built or is building 100 industrial cen ters—many so new as to be still “nameless cities”—and an im mense Siberian industrial region which will include a Rus sian “Oak Ridged fof atomic energy development. The writer, Ellsworth Lester Raymond, former' chief cf the United States Army’s Russian economic section, said this gi gantic effort to transform wil derness areas into important new production centers scarce ly has been publicized even in side Russia. The tempo of the building has been stepped up by the current five-year plan. Just as the Tennessee Valley Authority helped make possible the United States’ atomic cen ter at Oak Ridge, so the Rus sians plan to secure power from the rapid Angara river in the Irkutsk region for their atomic projects, the article said. Raymond wrote that the new See RUSSIA on Page Two LEAF WAREHOUSES TO CHANGE HOURS Royster Announces Sales Plans For Future; Old Belt Opens WILSON, Sept. 21—'S)—Fred S. Royster of Henderson, chairman of the Flue-Cured Marketing committee for the entire bright leaf tobacco belt, today an nounced these new selling hours for tobacco markets following a meeting of the committee: Border Belti (North Carolina and South Carolina): Five hour sales daily through Sept. 26, ef fective Sept. 29, markets re maining open will be curtailed 40 per cent of four-hour daily sales per set of buyers Under this plan a “one-sale” market will sell 960 piles ot tobacco daily; a “two-sale” market, will set 1,920 piles; a “three-sale” market will sell 2,880 piles and a “four-sale” market will sell 3,840 piles. Eastern North Carolina Belt: Reduced from a five to four hour selling day effective tomor row, Sept. 22. Middle Belt: Four-hour sales See WAREHOUSES on Page Two Storm Chases Debutantes OffBeach,SnakesMoveIn -: GULFPORT, Miss., Sept. 21 —(U.R)—Snakes by the score took over the beaches of this swanky Gulf coast resort sec tion today wriggling and bask ing in the sun on the debris covered sand where up until only two days ago. scantily clad ; debutantes,„stenographers and other tourists paid high prices for the same privilege National Guard troopers and residents of the area were kill ing the snakes as fast as pos sible. But the water moccasins, blowV. and floated in from the back bayous and marshes by j the hurricane were numerous j enough for a reptile annual con-: vention. Major E. L. Smith, public re lations officer for the National Guard, said troopers reported the beach front in certain sec tions ’‘lousy with moccasins.” I Troopers said there were hun ! dreds of them. F. A. Pecoul, a ham radio operator, said he had picked up reports from Bay St. Louis that See STORM on Page Two Committee Sends Plan To Assembly Russian Delegates Renew Attack On United States, Secretary LAKE SUCCESS, Sept. 21— (S’) —Secretary of State Marshall’* two top United Nations proposal* for revision of U. N. pea?£ machinery and discussion of Ko rean independence were sent to the full Assembly today over vigorous Soviet objections and amid a renewal of Russia’s slash ing attacks on the United States. The votes on the two issues in the Assembly’s steering com mittee were 12 to 2 with Russia and Poland in the minority each time. The day’s biggest broadside was delivered against Marshall by Andrei A. Gromyko, who charged that the Secretary had “distorted the truth to imply that Russia was to blame” for delays in Korean independence. The Soviet delegate said Mar' shall gave an “incorrect inter pretation” in his speech of last week and the fault actually rest ed on the United States. Blasts U. S. Gromyko also blasted the Unit ed States government, which ha said was putting “moral pres sure” on the Soviet Union to See COMMITTEE On Page Twa JEWS TO OBSERVE “ATONEMENT” DAY Rabbi Jacobs To Preach Yom Kippur Sermon Tomorrow Evening ■ The “Prophetic Message,” and “Three-fold Atonement” Will be the sermon subject of Rabbi Pizer W. Jacobs at Temple Is rael I'uesday evening in obser vance of Yom Kippur. As an explanation of his ser mon, Rabbi Jacobs said that Yom Kippur was the last day in the Jewish religion and. the day of atonement. The religious day will go over into Wednesday when services will be conducted at 10 o’clock. Beginning Tuesday, he said, Wilmington Jewish people will join with their coreligionists all over the nation in fasting, con fession and repentance cn this day of atonement. “Divine assurance of God’s forgiveness through pentinence, prayer and rightous action is the keynote of Yom Kippur,” he said. Rabbi Jacobs said that memo rial services will be held on Wednesday at four p. m. WAITER GETS; INJURED LEG WHEN TRUCK HITS LUNCHROOM COUNTER MARION. O., Sept. 21 -•(*)— Bernie Littrel. 41. a waiter, re ceived only a minor leg injury today when a one and one-half ton truck plunged into a lunch room four miles West of here on route 30. Littrel, who had just opened up the lunch room and was alone in the one and one-half story building, was injured when the truck knocked over the lunch counter behind which he was working. • John Darnell, driver of th» truck, was uninjured. The State Patrol said Ire lost control of the truck at a curve and thtft he would be charged with un safe driving in municipal court here tomorrow. And So To Bed “Lawd. have Mercer!” John D. Mercer, proprietor of the Atlantic View pier at Wrightsville Beach straight ened up, easing his aching back and looked around him. Darkness was closing in on an historic day at the beach. Since 5:30 a. m. Sunday a * record breaking run of Pom pano had cavorted about the pier to *he delight of fisher men. The fishing had con tinued to yield record catch es all day, slacking off some at the close of day. Only one slender youth was left in Mercer’s immediate vicinity and he was pulling a string of beauties up over his shoul der preparatory to calling it a day. “Lawd, ha’ Mercer!” “Who said that?” Mercer called after the retreating fisherman. “Must have been one of the Pompano,” came from the. other side of the string.