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T.ie Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* R. B. Page, Publisher_ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wil mington, N. C. Post Office Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week .$ .30 $ .25 $ .50 1 Month .. 1.30 1-10 2.15 3 Months .- 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months . 7.80 6.50 13-00 1 Year . 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News -. ®c Morning Star . "c Sunday Star-News .1QC By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months ..$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months .- 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)__ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months $1.85 6 Months $3.70 Year $7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusive ly to the use for republication of all local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches._ _SUNDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1947_ Star-News Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco stor age warehouses, ship repair facilities, nearby sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recrea tion advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri mary roads, with a paved highway from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued effort to attract mors in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal airport for expanding air service Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and in cluding a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of commercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watch ing thereunto with all perserverance and supplication for all saints:—Ephes ians 6:18. Between the humble and contrite heart and the majesty of heaven there are no bar riers; the only password is prayer.—Hosea Ballou. Could Be Excused Two world famous statesmen celebrated birthdays last week and, although they have •pent their lives on widely separated sides of the globe, there is one thing in common—a love of independence and peace—in their ca reers. One is Cordell Hull, 76-year-old former Secretary of State, and the other is Mohan das K. Gandhi, 78-year-old Indian leader. Yet, despite their years of effort, their lands are troubled today. India has its liber ty but with it came bloody civil strife. The United States again has the peace Mr. Hull •ought so hard to maintain but it is not accompanied by international assurance that }t will be permanent. It is excusable If the elder statesmen grow quite cynical in their latter years. Must Be Brought Together No one can luccessfully claim that de velopment and greater diversification of in dustry and agriculture in North Carolina has been hindered in recent years by a lack of capital. The state’s gains in financial resources have been tremendous. During the past year, according to The American Banker, there was a decrease in bank deposits in the nation in general but an increase of 12 per cent in North Carolina. Our climb amounted to about $200,000,000 and brought deposits to a total of $1,856, 302,000. This is a 407 per cent increase over our deposits at the end of 1935. Why then, has North Carolina not built up industries and varied its agriculture at a rate comparable with the increase in its financial resources? The answer, we believe, is given in “North Carolina Today” by S. H. Hobbs, Jr., and Marjorie Bond when they point out that “manufacturing has been concentrated in three major industries, just as agriculture has been concentrated in two crops.” Their statistics show there are 466 differ ent kinds ot industry in the United States; California has 377 of them; Indiana has 368; Virginia has 209, and North Carolina with twice as many factory workers as Virginia, has only 191. Therefore, a lack of diversifi cation in industry is just as evident as it is in agriculture. Maybe it is a fear of new fields or a too conservative attitude in re lying too heavily on the old, established types*of manufacturing enterprises. Perhaps it is insufficient emphasis on smaller plants. Are we too short on research? Are there too many unskilled workers in ratio to the skilled? Answers to these and other questions would undoubtedly lead to greater diversifi cation and with it a release of some of our great reservoir of capital. We have the three major resources—natural, human and capital —and all we need to do, as the Greensboro Daily News pointed out a few days ago, is “to bring them together intelligently to achieve a genuine prosperity.” Serious Airport Shortcoming Topping the list of Wilmington’s air trans portation needs is an adequate facility at Bluethenthal airport which would end the cancellation of regular passenger flights be r-aiise of over-cast weather. Efforts to remedy this shortcoming should take precedence over those to expand airline service. The reason is simple. Why attempt to have more planes call here regularly when they must, time and time again, by-pass the field because there are no means to direct them to the landing strips in heavy weather? As an example of how it can force them to pass us by, 32 flights were cancelled in September because of this unfavorable meteorlogical condition at or near the field. The Very High Frequency radio range has been installed but has not been com missioned, that is, given an official desig nation, because of the necessity of moving some of the allied equipment from Myrtle Beach and re-establishing it near Chadbourn. Work has started on this project but it is not expected to be completed until Decem ber. Meanwhile, we are informed by the air port’s management, regular planes are using the beam to direct them to Wilming ton. But when they arrive over the airport, there is no facility, ordinarily called a voice beam, to “talk them down” to the runways if an overcast condition prevails. So with out this homing device, the VHF arrange ment has certain limitations. The necessary equipment is reported to be on order but when it can be expected is not a definite matter. Those interested in the development of Bluethenthal are aware of this shortcoming. Other nearby airports, including Lumberton, are not suffering from this material disad vantage. Their traffic is not being reduced because of the inability to direct u fog-bound pilot and his craft down to their runways. Requests have been started through chan nels leading to the Civil Aeronautics author ity to have the monitering equipment in stalled as early as possible. If favorable re sponse is not forthcoming, the County com mission’s Aviation committee and the corre sponding group from the Chamber of Com merce should merge their best efforts to see that this inadequacy is remedied as early as possible. Fog and overcast have long been a hinder ance to air transportation and Wilmington’s condition, because of its coastal location, is even more unfavorable than interior cities. Since science has made practical weapons against these conditions available, a com munity failing to have the means of a com plete radio beam cannot expect to keep pace in aviation with those who can attract and direct a plane from the time it takes off, to the hangers on its airport. A Matter For Council Investigation of the case in which a Wil mington police officer admitted striking a prisoner later acquitted of resisting arrest is being completed and the report is ex pected to be ready for presentation to City council—if it wants it—at its next meeting next Wednesday. We haven’t seen a copy of the entire re port. But, as far as we are informed, it ap parently will be a product of departmental self examination, that is, the inquiry has been conducted entirely by the Chief of Police and later the City Manager. It is impossible to think that the report wil be free of prejudice. The Chief took the officer to task and thereby showed the quali ty of his feelings before the City Manager entered the inquiry. The man has been “punished” by being removed from patrol car duty and assigned to walking a beat for four months and has lost his “off days” for the next ten weeks. We do not think this is sufficient punish ment on the basis of the facts disclosed in Recorder’s court when the matter was aired there. But that is for Council to decide. If it accepts the report and marks the in cident closed, as the Chief has done, then there will be reason to believe that the board is indifferent to alleged police brutality. If, after considering the findings of the Chief and City Manager, it believes the pen alty inadequate for the offense, it can order the Chief to dismiss the man. It would not be the first time that the judgement of a departmental head has been overruled by a City council. Dismissal would, in all prob ability, carry the case to the Civil Service commission. If it takes the opportunity offered to di rect the matter to a successful conclusion, then council would leave no doubt that it stands opposed to reported misconduct in the Police department. It would show it has no desire for an exclusive departmental investi gation, in which the investigators were judge and jury, prosecutor and defender, to close the doors on an incident as serious as this one appears. The public would be convinced that those avenues established for the pro tection of both policemen and the general public are being followed. Treatment of the case—obviously an as sault one since the defendant was cleared of resisting—has been inadequate and further study of it shou'> be made. Taft-Hartley Issue Flops Despite the drum beating by many union leaders, efforts to make the Taft-Hartley law a political campaign issue have failed. It. hasn’t been long since the union chief tains were shouting that they would defeat every Congressional proponent of the act when election time arrived. They spoke loud and frequently of the war chests they would1 use to retire everyone who had a hand in the measure’s enactment. Coupled with this was a campaign to effect the law’s repeal. But of late, both CIO and AFL leaders have been strangely quiet. There are two major reasons. First, the law has proved it is not the danger to labor which its opponents claimed it would be. There is no need for the work mg man to be disturbed if he takes time to consider its provisions. This was shown several weeks ago when a private survey among AFL members was made by the Opinion Research Corporation, of Princeton, N. J. It disclosed a strange condition. The workers generally believed it was a “slave labor” act and an Instrument of oppression. Yet, paradoxically, the same union members generally approved the main features of the law when they were explained to them. The worker favored what is in the law but did not know it contained what he wanted. Why? Because he had been led to condemn it without examination. That no one has suffered since the law became effective is, however, the best proof that it is not danger ious legislation, as William Green and others in his class have contended so warmly. The other reason you may expect to hear comparatively little about the Taft-Hartley act in the campaigning and voting of 1948 is that it has been overshadowed by a more important issue—the high cost of living. Discussing the switch in interest, both among unions and the general public, Victor Riesel, New York labor writer, said recently: “Ignore the sound and fury at the national AFL and CIO parleys. Watch closely for real strategy. You’ll see that labor’s politicos have decided it’ll be easier to get their fol lowers excited over the dinner pail than r A over the chances of their chiefs going to jail. It will be high prices and not the Taft Hartley law which the labor men will make their big campaign issue next year. Not that millions of labor dollars won’t be spent to beat Congressmen who voted in the new law. “The AFL chiefs are ready to throw $5, 000,000 into their political kitty. But, after watching several recent elections, they’ve decided that neither the public nor their own followers can be excited into rushing to the ballot booths for vengeance against Taft, Hartley and Co.” Which causes one to wonder if labor wouldn’t be better off today if its leaders had spent as much time battling the rising price spiral as they did the Taft-Hartley legislation. Like practically everyone else in the country, they knew higher and higher prices were coming. Yet, their opposition was trivial when compared to that throwit against legislation which has not seriously affected the rank of the unions’ member ship. It is quite apparent that Mr. Green, et al, concentrated their fire on the wrong target. Freight Car Shortage The serious freight car shortage which has plagued the nation’s railroads since the be ginning of the war is not expected to be re lieved anytime soon. It is likely that it will grow worse before there’s a turn for the better. That prediction is based on an article in the current issue of Iron Age. According to the magazine’s survey, the 10,000-car a month program, which was to have been a fact this month, is “shot to pieces.” The publication forecast that the last three months of 1947 output will fall short of the goal by 2,000 to 3,000 cars a month. Meanwhile, it adds, transportation is rapidly reaching a national crisis. What’s the trouble? “Probably no one group,” Iron Age con tinued, “can be accurately tagged with the sole responsibility for today’s freight car shortage. “The steel industry has conclusively shown that steel in a total tonnage necessary for the freight car program has been ship ped to car builders. Car builders have shown just as conclusively that they have not re ceived enough steel to produce 10,000 cars a month. “The rub is in the distribution of the va rious steel products to all the car builders participating in the program.” We believe the difficulty or actual inabili ty to meet demands goes deeper than that. Cars are being retired at a much faster rate than they are being replaced. This con dition has been going on since the war days when some authorities refused to consider the freight car problem on a par with other transportation requirements. There was great emphasis on shipbuilding. The country went all out to get the vessels necessary for a tremendous global war. But the government failed to place sufficient emphasis on the necessity of manufacturing a greater number of freight cars to haul the weapons to the docks for these ships. And when the war was over, a high percentage of the old rolling stock was found to be worn out. It had been over-taxed during the emergency simply because there had been insufficient replacement. Principal blame should not be placed on those trying to alleviate the situation today but on those too short-sighted during the war to see how their policies would affect the future. Meanwhile, the Marshall program threat ens to offer new difficulties for the steel industry and the users of its products. In dications are the plan will call for annual shipments of 2,000,000 tons each of scrap and “crude and semi-finished steel.” It is quite obvious that this will affect the volume of freight cars rolling out of the manufacturers’ plants. To help Europe, the railroads will be call ed on to “patch ’em up and keep ’em rolling” to the nation’s ports at a time when exports may be the greatest since lend-lease days. And the railroads, despite the handicaps, will probably do as good a job as they did during the war. But the past, present and anticipated situations certainly prompt agreement with many good railroad men when they declare that “it’s just one darn thing after another in our business.” Always kicking about something or other is just kicking yourself about. It’s wise not to talk too much, but it’s still okay to say “Another government bond, please 1’* I GIVE A THOUGHT TODAY T 0 YOUR NEWSPAPER BOY iftijejAMCX OP tWl&<KAPHB(is laaAMTbe vVORUC $ATH6fSWG MEWS FOfcXXJ — fC3L millions of Dollars worTh of machinery Print iT for Yog-! BuT WHAT 6000 WOULD (T ALL Ba IP, IN SPtTe OP RAIN, SW&, RAIL, $LBET, VARKNBS* OB ^PRlNtfSO/ER, iTWASnT DELIVERS pToVOU eve cjaV? The Gallup Poll Poll Matches Gen. MacArthur Against Truman In Presidential ‘Trial Heat’ - * Preisdent Comes Out On Top In New Political Popularity Test By GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute Of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J., Oct. 4. —While General Douglas Mc Arthur for two years has been the most admired per son in the country, Ameri cans are not in the habit of thinking of him as a politicial. Yet the General has attracted a substantial following of people who would like to see him elect ed president of the United States. This enthusiastic report continues despite his total disclaimer of presidential aspirations. The Institute asked a national cross-section of voters: “If the presidential election were being held today, and Mac Arthur were running for Presi dent on the Republican ticket, against Truman on the Demo cratic ticket, how do you think you would vote?” Truman . 49% MacArthur. 37 No opjpion . 14 When the no opinion vote is excluded, the vote for President Truman is 57 per cent and for MacArthur 43 per cent. There are several points that should be made in considering the results of Truman-MacAr thur “trial-heat:” 1. As pointed out before, Gen eral MacArthur cannot be con sidered as in the political arena at this time. His latest statement on the subject is a complete de nial of any intention to place his five starred cap into the ring. 2 The General has not even been in this country for almost a decade, nor has he made a “tri umphal return” to the homeland he defended as have other gener als and admirals. So when he re turns next Spring, as he appar ently plans at present, the sup port for him as yet unannounced candidacy might easily develop momentum. 3. MacArthur’s age might react against his popularity as a White House candidate. He will be 68 next January. A campaign of Around Capitol Square Cherry Planning Gifts For Visiting Governors RALEIGH, Oct. 4 — Governor Ben Laney of Arkansas probably had no thought of exchange in mind when he sent to Governor Cherry a few days ago a variety box of Arkansas products, but if he gets to the southern governors’ conference at Asheville later this month he will receive — along with each of the other chief executives—gifts of equal signifi cance and greater value. VARIETY—The Arkansas gifts, displayed since arrival on a big table in Governor Cherry’s of fice, include glassware and pot tery, nylbn hose and textiles, canned vegetables -and natural petroeum products, fishing bait and minnow traps, rlvm num paint and soft pine wood, to men tion only a few of the -;ems. In a letter accompanying the box Governor Laney explained that the display was a very inade quate portrayal of the products of his great state. He regretted shipping facilities did not per mit inclusion of railroad locomo tives, speed boats, pre-fabricated houses and some other important f, Arkansas products—such as 95 pound sugar cured pork hams. GIFTS—The list of gifts for visiting governors at the Ashe ville conference also is far from complete. So far it includes such items as blankets by Chatham and Marshall Field; towels by Cannon; sheets and pillow cases by Erwin; nylon, silk and lisle hosiery from a dozen or so manu facturers, including special de signs from State College; Camel, Chesterfield and Lucky Strike cigarettes in abundance (and it is rumored that Governor Cherry will see that his collegues do not lack for ample supply of succu lent “chawing terbaccer”); spec ialty packages of dry and canned foods, and a variety of other items grown and processed in North Carolina. SOUVENIRS — Besides these useable items there will be a plethora of small souvenirs: Dog wood silver jewelry by Stuart Nye, gift pieces of Indian craft from Cherokee, Lost Colony me morial coins, and such like. Every state boasts about the variety of its products, but there is com petent testimony from those who have been in most of them that Tar Heelia does not have to take second place to any. (In fact, some of those responsible for ad vertising and promoting North Carolina say the wide diversity of production is really a handi cap. It is difficult to promote one feature without defending some other, and it just ain’t possible to paramount ’em all-) ENTERTAINMENT — Advance reports from Governor Cherty’s office, relayed from the special committee at Asheville, indicate that visiting governors and their parties will be well entertained. A dozen or more subcommittees working under and with Walter Damtoft, Robin Phillips and Brandon Hodges as the central entertainment committee of the Asheville Chamber of Commerce gives assurance that Carolina mountain hospitality will live up to all its far-famed prestige. Asheville folks realize they not only have their own community’s reputation in hand, but also that of North Carolina as a whole. WORKING — Unfortunately, the governors will miss out on s lot of the entertainment. They will be working. Governor Cher ry is known to be a hard worker and as chairman of the southern conference he has arranged a tight program for the two-duy meeting. (Having attended one or two of these conferences, your reporter can testify that while others may have idle time for recreation the governors them selves do not, and newspaper men have to jump to keep up with the pace set by the chief executives.) PROGRAM—Tlie official pro gram will be ready for release in a few days. It includes serious discussion cf freight rates, re lations between states and local subdivisions on the one hand and the federal government on the other; reciprocity agreement on motor bus truck franchises li censes and other phases of tax ation; development of the op tional guard, and other import ant matters. TRUMAN MACARTHU/^ A/O OP/N. popular education might eradi- j cate some of the negative feeling that exists on this score. 4. It is still very early to test the ultimate strength of President Truman’s possible opponents. This is especially true in respect to a man like MacArthur about whose views on domestic and in ternational issues very little actu ally is known to the public. In contrast to the situation re garding General Eisenhower where the public is not sure whether he is a Republican or Democrat, the vote for Mac Arthur divides strictly along party lines. Mac- Tru- No Arthur man Opin. Dems . 17% 73% 10% Reps. 65 24 11 Amd»g occupational groups the general’s greatest strength lies among professional and business people and his weakest spot is with union labor members. A1 though no age group gives him a majority, he is more popular among the older voters. Sectionally, the country di vides between Truman and Mac Arthur on practically the same ratios as the nation does with ex ception of the solidly Democratic South which votes 3-to-l for President Truman. General MacArthur does not emerge in as favorable a position as another general, Dwight D. Eisenhower, in “trial heat” races against President Truman. Nor does he run as well at this time as Governor Thomas E. Dewey did in a “trial heat” reported last month. “Trial heats” reported pre viously show the following com parative results: - Eisenhower . 48% Truman . 39 No Opinion.13 Dewey . 44% Truman . 46 No Opinion.10 WRONG TRACK CAMDEN, N. J. (U.R)—Racing is Jockey Henri Mora’s career. The faster he goes the more money he makes but not off the race track. He was arrested by Camden Bridge police on a charge of driving 60-miles an hour over the span without a license. He was fined $25. Mr. Spearman's Literary Lantern By WALTER SPEARMAN There must be millions of Americans who wonder what the South is really like. For those millions the editors of Look magazine and Author David L Cohn have collaborated on « thoroughly interesting volui » called “Look at America: The South,” which is one of a set o s of regional handbooks in p . tures, maps and text “for the vacationist, the traveler and the stay-at-home.” (Houghton Miff lin Company, Boston. 393 pp.) First of all, this is a pictui-W book — and the pictures a;* magnificent. Some of them n :X in soft colors - Lake Lure in t 4 North Carolina mountains I Seminole Indian in Florida, an old mill in Virginia, a river bca in Mississippi. Then there a e hundreds of typical scenes throughout the South - orange groves in Florida, a steel mi'l in Birmingham, the Chariest n gardens, ante-bellum homes in Natchez and BiJoxi, a farm m the Ozarks, tobacco fields ;n North Carolina and cotton gins in South Carolina, Antoine's res taurant in New Orleans and a coon hunt in Kentucky, Cajuns in Louisiana and Rust's mechanical cotton picker at work in the fields, the shipyards at Newport News and the ser pentine wall at the LTniversity of Virginia. Local Carolina pride may be miffed at finding 56 pages on Florida but only a scant 29 on this state. However, the pictures of Duke university, “The Lost Colony” play at Manteo and the old Slave market at Fayetteville round out the Carolina pages and pictures on the culture of tobacco and the sport of trout fishing in the Great Smokies And Durham will be interested in tne sentence "Durham is a city where people live, breathe and think tobacco.” Mr. Cohn, who contributes a pertinent and often pungent in troduction on the South to this book of pictures, is himself a native of Greenville, Miss., and an alumnus of the University of Virginia. When he writes that the word "South” is rich in sug gestibility, he knows whereof he speaks. To him it suggest fried chicken, spoon bread, breakfast grits, Virginia ham, barbecues, magnolias, mockingbirds, honey* suckes, catfish, revivals, baptu ings in the creek, snuff, ora tory — and indeed what else does it suggest to you? Speaking very seriously, Mr. Cohn points out the Southerner's obsession with politics, his hos pitality, his high homicide rate coupled with a high church at tendance, his ancestry of Eng lish stock, his racial problems. The South, he finds, is a land of extremes. “There the travel er will find some of the best and some of the worst archi tecture in this country; har moniously lovely houses and wretched hovels; cultured peo ple and those in the last stages of physical and mental degen eration; superb cookery and re volting messes; singing rivers and stinking swamps; the beau ty of mountains and plains and soul-deadening monotony of flat areas; towns that please the eye and others that shock the sight.” Readers, look at the South! POUNDS OF CIVII, WAR Now that the tremendously popular motion picture made from “Gone With the Wind’’ is being' successfully revived throughout the country and now that what must surely be the longest novel ever written about the Civil war is off the press and in the hands of multitudes of readers, we are indeed ready to become Civil war conscious again. The novel is “House Di vided” by Ben Ames Williams (Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 1514 pp. $5). This is the story of the Cur rains, of their great homes in the Carolinas and Virginia, of their victories, defeats and vi cissitudes during the Civil war, of their sisters and their cousins and their aunts and all their other relatives who made up the tragic “house divided” of the Southern Confederacy. This is also the story of what happened to the Currains when they dis covered that their father was also the grandfather of that no torious Abraham Lincoln, who would not recognize the sover eign rights of the South and who wanted to free the slaves.