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In Britain ttNLIKE the United States, U Britain has no national- elec fion scheduled every four years, r- e British political party in oWer stands or falls on issues h5d it faces the possibility of an -lection on almost any key controversy. «-hP poi'tical crossfire between Brit h': Labor and Conservative leaders is extremely heavy during the present rV’csl economic crisis. L' Appointment of Sir Stafford Cripps * Britain's economic czar to cope ihe financial crisis was seen as ‘ i\, ,* installment of sweeping c'aanjer in the Labor Cabinet. Government spokesmen said im paling further Cabinet changes P ,uld not affect Hugh Dalton. Chan cellor of the Exchequer, or Foreign eperetaErnest Bevin. who along Cripps and Herbert Morrison, Vputy prime minister, make up the g;9 p'0Ilr of the Attlee Cabinet. Meanw hile Prime Minister Clement C Attlee complained this week that Winston Churchill. Tory leader, tried to exploit for party advantage every difficulty that arose for the govern Not the Wartime Churchill "It is very different from the CUirchill of the war,” Attlee said, "■•ho exhorted the people to bear b'avely the inevitable hardships which war entailed and now appar fnt!y is exhorting them to whine and to blame.” Attlee declared that Churchill knew t].e kingdom’s economic plight was aftermath of war and world food shortages and not caused by actions of the Labor government. Speaking that same day before a Conservative Party rally, _ Churchill declared the economic crisis “is only „ foretaste of what is to come.” "What German U-boats could never do to us has been achieved by our 0v,-n misguided fellow countrymen,” he said, “through their incompetence, arrogance, thousands of regulations. Under Socialism, it will not be pos sible for more than two-thirds of our present population to live in this island.” Backs U.S. Foreign Policy Churci ill complimented the United States fo; its “great confrontation of militant C ommunism.” The wartime British leader recalled his Fulton, Mo., speech two years ago wr.en he attacked the Soviet “iron curtain,” declaring: "American opinion, at first startled and much divided, has since those days flowed along the lines indicated to such an extent that if 1 repeated the Fulton speech in America today if would be regarded as tepid plati tudes.” China Sea Spectacle The famous Hangchow tidal bore *-a moving wall of ocean water from six to 20 feet high—hurled itself against the massive 1,200-year-old seawall at ancient Hangchow this week with thousands of spectators viewing the spectacle. The tidal bore occurs annually at the seaport, soum of Shanghai, on the 13th day of the eighth moon of the Chinese lunar year. It forms when ft high incoming ocean tide clashes With the swift-flowing Chien Tang River, and rolls in like a battering ram. Railroads operated special trains for the day and thousands traveled miles to see it strike. Hangchow’s ancient dike, protect ing some 6,000,000 Chinese farmers and their fertile land, was restored recently after severe damage result ing from wartime neglect. Freedom Train Clearing the Tracks The honor guard of U. S. Marines •hoard the Freedom Train found Americans would not rush quickly Past such historic documents as the Declaration of Independence, the Bill “i Rights ana the Constitution; they 'vanted to study them a bit. lo Philadelphia and New York City, where thr year-long nationwide tour started, crowds of 50,000 and 60, ttW lined up to see the treasures but taly about 10,000 daily could be ac commodated. The American Heritage Foundation t'ossed a bridge this week long be fore its sponsored Freedom Train '‘•'ould come to it on its 33,100-mile P'Jr of some 300 cities. It announced, oy unanimous- vote of its board of trustees, that there would be no seg regation on the basis of race, creed “•'color at any exhibition of the Free torn Train anywhere. Any other course was unthink fible,” said Winthrop W. Aldrich, board chairman of the foundation. “It °u: firm. determination that the American Heritage program shall be jy1 instrumentality for strengthening 4‘e freedoms and liberties of all Americans.” A’e believe that the overwhelming pass of Americans in all sections of 1 9 country will support this posi t-on.” . fhe non-profit foundation was orrned. by labor, industrial, frater ph civic and educational groups fol ding a conference on citizenship Problems at the White House. New Soviet Strategy Seen in War of Nerves FOOD: Europe Looks to U. S. BOTH Republican and Demo cratic support appeared l'n ing up this week behind President Truman’s plan to have four key legislative committees consider a $580,000,000 stopgap fund for win ter aid to Europe before deciding whether to call a special session of Congress this fall. The hot potato o.f a special session was dropped squarely into the laps of the House and Senate Foreign Re lations and Appropriations Commit tees. If these Republican-dominated standing committees request it, Mr. Truman indicated, he will reconvene Congress. If they turn thumbs down, a special session would do no good. Two Problems At a special White House confer ence early this week the President told Congressional leaders there were two problems The first is the long range problem embodied in the Marshall plan for re habilitating 16 European nations, which Congress could handle at the regular session in January. The sec ond is a short range plan for emer gency aid to tide these countries over the winter. The White House said bluntly that unless fuel and food were provided this winter for France, Italy, Austria and some other nations there would be no point to even considering the long range Marshall plan, because some of these key countries would have collapsed by spring. England is not included in the stop gap program. The bi-partisan leadership ex pressed no opposition in advance to the short range plan but they indi cated that when floor debate started it undoubtedly would be centered on ---— Quote Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) on a western tom- to make up his mind whether to be a candidate tor President in 1948: “I think it’s a wise policy for college pres idents to stay out of politics.” Fire National Scourge Fire last year did 561 million dol lars in damage throughout the nation. The National Board of Fire Under writers estimates the 1947 fire losses are 22 per cent above the correspond ing period in 1946. With the start of Fire Prevention Week this Sunday, the eyes of fire fighters were on a Texas experiment to produce rain with dry ice in an effort to extinguish nearly 100 forest fires sweeping four east Texas counties. One such attempt failed. A pilot dropped between 25'and 50 pounds of dry ice on a cloud and succeeded in lowering it 1,500 feet but it did not produce any rain. The Texas forestry fire chief said atmospheric conditions were not right and that more at tempts would be made. New York City experienced its worst pier fire in history when 151 firemen were injured battling a blaze which did $5,000,000 damage. Care lessness was believed the cause. In Pelham Manor, N. Y., a magni fying glass which 11-year-old John Lydgate used to examine his rare coin collection was blamed for a $10,000 fire in his father’s home. Fire authorities said the glass fell from a third floor window, landing in a position to focus the sun’s rays on dry cedar shingles. DP's—Indian refugees fleeing religious riots which have claimed more than 300,000 lives, ride on train roofs, even between cars. Hindu India and Pakistan face the problem of evacuating 7,000,000 refugees. DU IAIT!—Paris housewives demand more milk for children. advantages and disadvantages of the long range plan. The President admitted this possi bility but indicated the Administra tion would try to keep the two plans separate and stress the humanitarian appeal of food and fuel for use this winter. Look to America Meanwhile an AP survey indicated that millions of Europeans look to America as their only hope against hunger and privation this winter. The drought-stricken continent now is har vesting the last of subnormal crops and the need of food imports will become acute even before the snow flies. Typhus, health authorities said, is certain to be a problem. Tuberculosis is being called the “Vienna disease” in Austria because of its prevalence in the capital. NATION: Crime & Punishment Public Responsibility The Federal Bureau of Investiga tion reports that crime in the first six months of 1947 was up 7.5 per cent in rural areas and down 2.3 per cent in cities and towns, compared with the same period of 1946. With the exception of auto thefts, which decreased 20 per cent, other major crimes increased nearly 3 per cent. The FBI didn't give the totals for the whole country. Speaking to graduates of the FBI's National Academy, J. Edgar Hoover, director, said public indifference to crime and criminals must be over come if law enforcement agencies are • to attain maximum efficiency. He mentioned gambling and sex offenses as two types of crime fre quently going unreported by those having information With respect to sex offenses, the FBI director said: “Even if prosecution is successful, it invariably is only a stopgag be cause some judge may grant proba tion or some soft-headed parole board will grant a release, or a kind-hearted but expedient governor may grant a pardon.” in Pikeville, Ky., this week a cir cuit judge sentenced to life imprison ment 13-year-old Crawford Casebolt, convicted of armed robbery — the minimum sentence for such a crime under Kentucky law. The seventh-grade schoolboy will enter Greenvale reform school Mon day. After eight years, when he is 21, he is to be transferred to La Grange Penitentiary “to spend the rest of his life at hard labor.” Public Furore The case was given wide publicity and several out-of-state individuals are trying to get the youth admitted to Father Flanagan’s Boys Town, Neb. Commenting on severity of the sen tence, Harry H. Wilson, Kentucky’s deputy welfare commissioner, said the boy would be eligible for parole any time after nine months’ service at the reformatory. The schoolboy, with two older com panions, Homer Zimmerman, 19, and Mark Smith, 23, was convicted of robbing a motorist of his car, watch and $4.84 in cash. The boy, who had no previous criminal record, testified he wanted to leave home and needed money. He said he had stolen the pistol from his parents. Hot Shots Halsey • GIFT HORSES • Maynard Dow ell, Chicago executive, who gave away 18 horses last month because he was too busy to enjoy them, bought a pony this week and gave it away. One of the 18 gift horses proved too frisky for its new owner, a 10-year-old crip pled lad, so Dowell bought a gentle pony for him and gave the frisky colt to an older boy. His original gift offer brought more than 16,000 applications. • COLLECTIVE IS RIGHT! • Tass, Soviet news agency, reports quintup lets—three boys and two girls—born to a woman on a collective farm in the Buriat Mongolian Republic, Si beria. It says all five are developing normally and the young mother is in good health. • SEEING EYE DOG • Topper, a wire-haired terrior, was flown from Detroit to a Washington animal hospi tal for an operation to remove a cata ract from his eye. At last report, he was “doing nicely.” • TRAILBLAZER • In Hampton Lovett, Eng., a German prisoner of war was married this week and then posed with his British bride and their five-months-old daughter. Birth of their child resulted in a 12-months pris on term for the German for “consort ing” with an English girl. The case was widely publicized and resulted in a change in British law enabling Ger man prisoners to marry English girls. After the wedding, the bridegroom re turned to a prisoner of war camp while the bride and daughter went to a little town nearby where the couple has a small apartment. • POSTHASTE • A postcard mailed in Boston 42 years ago was delivered in Rome, N. Y„ to the widow of the addressee. The worn and yellowed card, with a McKinley stamp, had been caught in a hotel chute. It bore this message: “Arrived at nine last night. Sail at 10 this morning on the Admiral Dewey.” (All Rights Reserved AP Newsfeatures) All Wet, Say Methodists The Methodist Board of Temper ance leveled its 16-inch guns this week at Adm. William F. (Bull) Halsey for saying that “As a general rule, I never trust a fighting man who doesn’t smoke or drink.” The 3oard retorted that drinking makes men fight “in thousands of saloons every day, but we never knew it to make anyone fight better.” Many of the greatest military men the world produced have been dry, the Methodists said, listing Sgt. Alvin York, Jimmy Doolittle, Robert E. Lee, Jeb Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, who “feared whiskey more than bullets.” “Perhaps,” said the Board, “the ad miral would not ‘trust’ these men.” Criticize Leyte Tactics The Methodist broadside recalled that there had been “widespread, although behind-the-hcnd criticism” of Halsey strategy as Third Fleet commander in the Battle of Leyte. It said that Halsey decided to leave San Bernardino unguarded and take his fleet northward—“exactly what the Japanese wanted him to do.” For all they know, the Methodists said, the admiral was drinking only coffee at the time. “We do know,” the Board con tinued, “that the man who was tricked into doing what the Japanese wanted him to do, was not the man who so accurately and brilliantly assessed the situation when he advised the immediate invasion of Leyte, who conceived the sweep of the China Sea, who executed the devastating strikes on the Philippines.” Halsey, whose reflections on liquor in a recent series of magazine articles, brought on the Methodist blast, didn’t have even one shot in rebuttal. The old sea dog, now retired, who roared louder at the foe than his 16-inch rifles, said meekly in San Francisco, “No comment.” Dates Monday, October 6 American Federation of Labor opens annual convention in San Francisco. Wednesday, October 8 President Truman scheduled to make radio address for Demo cratic Women’s Rally. Thursday, October 9 Canadian Thanksgiving Day. Friday, October 10 First war dead scheduled to arrive in San Francisco. Sunday, October 12 Columbus Day. Germany Postwar Jitters U. S. Army maneuvers in the American-occupied zone of Germany have set off widespread rumors among the Herrenvolk of an impend ing new war—a subject which Ger mans often discuss privately. The Army broadcast that the Ger mans must halt all traffic and leave the streets when they hear air raid sirens—the same alarms that warned them Allied bombers were coming. Both in Stuttgart and Frankfurt, many Germans were reported inspect ing their cellars, packing emergency kits and spreading wildly-erroneous stories about massing of troops. Meanwhile the bizonal economics council of the British and American zones adopted a drastic law confiscat ing the entire potato crop to combat the potato shortage caused by last summer’s drought. Under the law, farmers may retain only a small portion of their crops for seed and personal use. The re mainder must be turned in for dis tribution through rationing channels. TT\ELEGATES to the United Nations General Assembly saw no im .mediate end this week to the bitter battle of words between Soviet Russia and the Lnited States. The clash of east-west ideologies thus far has been mere skirmishing over preliminaries. The crucial battles will come when the various assembly committees actually sit down to decide what to do about the Balkans, Korean independ Duffy, Baltimore Sun SPEAKING OF CHAINS In Short... Electrocuted: A Denver University freshman football player by a light ning bolt which also knocked four others unconscious and floored the entire squad. Sped: By the U.S., vaccine and med ical supplies to Egypt where 74 new cases of suspected cholera and 12 cholera deaths were reported. Killed: Three sailors, when the U.S. destroyer Douglas Fox struck a mine in the Adriatic Sea off Trieste. ence, Secretary Marshall’s plan for a “little assembly” and the veto. Some officials predict an increas ingly violent anti-American campaign by Russian diplomats, press and radio. One diplomatic official said he be lieved the Russians had given up hope of winning favor from the American public and would concentrate now on trying to discredit the U.S. in the Soviet Union and abroad. Ah-Out Campaign The “war mongering” accusations against nine Americans by Andrei Y. Vishinsky, deputy Soviet foreign min ister, before the international assem bly are viewed as part of that cam paign. So, too, is the attack on President Truman by a Russian magazine which compared him with Hitler. The same magazine also published a detailed article about Secretary of State George C. Marshall under the title “Shylock from Wall Street.” Russia rejected a formal American protest to disavow the attacks and, in his reply, Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov harshly denounced the American press for “lying and slan derous articles about Russia and her statesmen.” t Some Washington officials seeking an explanation for the new Soviet at titude feel the Kremlin may have given the go ahead for an unprece dented campaign against the U.S. to divert attention of the Russian people from serious economic conditions within their own country. No Visas to Senate The Russian foreign office also this week refused to permit members of , the Senate Appropriations Committee to enter Russia to visit the U.S. em bassy in Moscow. The committee, headed by Sen. Styles Bridges (R. N. H.), is about to embark on a Euro pean inspection trip. Sen. Bridges said the refusal meant, to him, that the Russians want “no disclosure of true facts to emanate from behind their iron curtain.” CARELESSNESS-Costliest dock fire in New York Harbor's history razed the $5,000,000 Grace Line pier in Hudson River, injuring more than 150 firemen. Fire marshals said all indi cations pointed to carelessness as the cause of the blaze. HOMECOMING-Coffins of American war dead are loaded aboard a Liberty ship in Hawaii. Included are some of the first Americans to fall in World War II, more than 500 victims of the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. BURIED AllVE-A bulldozer is interring live bombs under ground at the Savanna Army Ordnance Depot, III., because cf the Jack of adequate munitions storage space. Their resur rection is planned only in case of national emergency. Farms Good Earth American farmers are harvesting another bumper crop (all but corn) but this fall with their jeans heavy with folding money many a farmer worriedly gauges the wind. For wind and drought are among the farmer’s worst enemies, especially in the rich grain and cattle grazing belts. Fall winds are whirling the good earth from Missouri Valley farms, re ported an Agricultural Department official this week in another periodic warning about the danger of recur ring dust bowls. Meanwhile a practical demonstra tion on how to beat erosion wa« staged by the U. S. Soil Conservation Service in cooperation with the Lick ing County, Ohio, Soil Conservation district, at Brownsville, a little vil lage of 200, 40 miles east of Columbus. In one day, 208 acres of over farmed and eroded hill land were restored, so far as science could do it, to the condition in which the pioneers found it centuries ago. Five hundred men did the actual work, 400 of them GI trainees in vocational-agricultural classes. Using 75 tractors and 30 lime spreaders, they contoured, re-fenced, fertilized and replanted the entire 208 acres. They started a productive crop rotation program and planted the permanent meadows in alfalfa. Steeper slopes were dotted with seed ling pines, planted by Boy Scouts. This big one-day bee was the third effort of its kind in the country to show the latest methods of licking erosion and keeping farms at high productive levels. The first was held near Des Moines, la., before the war and the second near Milwaukee a month ago. Science Radioactive Fertilizer The theory that radioactive sub stances might increase the yield of crops, reported recently from Japan, was buttressed this week with reports that a similar increase was noted when radioactive fertilizer was used on the 118-acre farm of Henry A. Wallace in Westchester County, N. Y. A spokesman for Wallace said that tomato plants treated with radioac tive fertilizer showed a 30 per cent increase in weight yield over plants grown with ordinary fertilizer. The radioactive substance, obtained from a neighboring watch factory where it is a byproduct in the manu facture of radium-treated watches, constituted about one-trillionth of the total fertilizer bulk used by Wal lace. Meanwhile. Hugo Gemsback, pres ident of Radcraft Publications, ad vanced the explanation that sterili zation of the ground by the Nagasaki atomic bomb two years ago accounts for the increased crop yield this year. Increases of 50 to 300 per cent were reported by Takeo Furuno, Nagasaki prefectual agricultural expert, on his small plot near the epicenter of the bomb blast.