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T'.se Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher_ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wil mington, N. C. Post Office Linder Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER ~ IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Yirne Star News nation 1Week .$ .30 $ -25 $ -50 1 Month —. 1-30 1-10 --la 8 Months . 3.90 3.2o 6.o0 6 Months . 7-80 6.50 13.00 1 Year . Id.60 13.00 -6.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News .—. Morning Star . ^ Sunday Star-News .IU By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months .$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 j Year . 10.00 8.00 la-40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)__ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months $1.35 6 Months $3.70 Year $7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusive ly to the use for republication of all local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches._ SUNDAY, "OCTOBER 12, 1947 Star-Newc Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco stor age warehouses, ship repair facilities, nearby sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recrea tion advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri mary roads, with a paved highway from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued effort to attract more in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal airport for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and in cluding a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of commercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING For precept must be on precept, pre cept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little and there a little.—Isaiah 28:10. * * * Events of great consequence often spring from trifling circumstances. —Livy. Deserve Public Support The American public should be interested in the ability of the veterans to maintain effectively functioning organizations. For example, the public should give its enthusiastic support to the membership campaigns of the American Legion, the Vet erans of Foreign Wars and other construc tive ex-servicemen organizations. While membership is open only to veter ans who can qualify, the members of the general public who are not veterans also have an interest in the growth of these or ganizations. Veterans can be counted upon to stand for reasonable preparedness. They have a personal knowledge of the results of unpre paredness. They know by their own ex periences how long it takes to move a nation from military indifference to the ability to fight. There is at present a movement for uni versal military training. The general pub lic will do well to listen carefully to what the veterans think about universal military training and to note carefully actions taken by a majority vote in veterans organizations on the movement. So far, the debate about universal military training has concerned itself more with the predicted effect on the younger generation than with the benefits to the nation. On this question of the effect of membership in a military organization on the individual, the veterans are qualified to speak with authori ty. The public is interested in increased mem bership for veterans organizations because, based on the activities of years rather than any particular case, the veterans are con servative. The American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars, with which most communities now are familiar, has not gone in for radicalism, for increased centraliza tion of government, for an unwarranted wor ship of government agencies. In the average community the Legionnaire and the Veteran of Foreign Wars is a supporter of that type of constitutional government contemplated by the founding fathers. They keep active in the community the leaven of conser vatism. The public also appreciates that the vet eran who is in need should have something more intimate than dollars and cents, or a job or rehabilitation. Valuable as these things are, the ex-GI needs personal interest brotherliness and comradeship. These warrr intimacies of personal contacts, so essentia] to morale in the re-assumption of civiliar obligations and in the will to live usefully are provided richly by veterans organiza tions. The community is 'serving its own besl interests when it gives its enthusiastic sup port to drives to increase the membershij of the veterans organizations. Taking Too Much For Granted Although the United States has maintain ed a stronger spirit of preparedness since World War II than in any peace-time period, there is evidence of one complacency in its defense psychology which could produce a dangerous indifference to the country’s safe ty in today’s tense world. It is the belief that no other nation can now manufactuie the atomic bomb. This theory is held in some rather high places. An example of this attitude was shown a few days ago by Rep. Carl Durham, of Chapel Hill and ranking Democratic member of the combined House-Senate Atomic Energy commission. Returning from an inspection tour of Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, Chicago University and Washington state, he said. “But the one impression I got was that the money and time and ingenuity of en gineering that this country has put into the system which makes possible the develop ment of atomic products cannot now be du plicated by any other country on the globe. They (other nations) may catch up with us on paper, but I doubt seriously that they can do it in a material accomplishment.” With all respect to the views of Rep. Dur ham, he certainly appears to be taking a lot for granted. It is only sensible to presume that other nations, working on the use of atomic energy as a weapon, are as secretive about what they are doing as we are. Occasionally there are bits of information on the activity of Russia, France and others but none of it is as valuable as the intelligence the United States has released on its post-war work in this field. Have they found short-cuts in manufac turing procedures? Have they uncovered substitutes for com paratively rare materials which the United States used? Have they made discoveries in cost re ductions which our scientists overlooked? It is impossible for an American to an swer these questions. The United States produced its first atomic bomb the hard way. When it was exploded it represented an achievement made possi ble through the expenditure of billions of dollars and millions of hours of work. To day this bomb is considered obsolete be cause of new atomic discoveries, either ma jor, or minor. Meanwhile, it is reasonable to presume that the actual cost of the last one made was considerably lower than that of the first. While we have progressed, other nations have not been indifferent to the tremendous power of this weapon. They too, have been pressing for new discoveries and what they have learned is their closest secret. When one speaks as Rep. Durham has, he is simply taking too much for granted. If the congressman's beliefs should become those of the majority of Americans, it would only be natural for them to feel that, since we have a tremendous, exclusive means of destruction of an enemy, little emphasis is necessary on other important phases of na tional defense. Such an attitude would in vite, rather than discourage, a war provok ing attack upon this nation. Because the atomic bomb helped hurry one war toward its logical conclusion is no assurance that it will win a third one for the United States. N. C. Seafood Opportunity All familiar with the place and value of seafood in the nation’s diet are undoubtedly disappointed because little effort has been made to emphasize greater consumption of it in the nation-wide movement to conserve meat and poultry for the relief of Europe. Nowhere have we seen a strong appeal to the American people to eat more fish, oys ters and shrimp. There is no cost in their production, except in the case of planted and supervised oyster beds. In fact, labor, means of preservation and transportation are the greatest expendi tures in placing sea food on the dining table. In North Carolina, promotion of greater use of seafood would also serve the addition al purpose of helping develop the industry, long ignored except from a few sectional standpoints. While enjoying a 320-mile coastline with the greatest variety of sea food than any other coastal state, it has not taken advantage of this great natural resource as it should. Recently, however, it has shown a constructive interest with indications of it eventually becoming quite fruitful. Included among the developments are: An active legislative commission designed to study and recommend means of greater devolepment of the seafood industry. Establishment of a branch of the Univer sity of North Carolina at Morehead City to study the best ways to secure more fish and their protection and sale. Donation of $50,000 for the Morehead City Fisheries institute by generous Joseph P, Knapp to finance additional fisheries studies. That this and other research is needed is an accepted fact. These studies must be fol lowed-up with concerted development and expansion efforts. Meanwhile, no one knows how long the European food situation will continue acute. It may be necessary for this country to con tinue to help feed the continent for years. Would there be a better time to coordinate the growth of the fisheries industry with the tremendous demands upon other foods? We do not believe so. And it is encouraging to see North Carolina arise from its indiffer ence and prepare to advance the long-neg lected industry to the place it deserves in realization of our natural resources. Inherit Another Problem Leave a problem belonging to a major nation unsolved long enough and it will eventually bring on international compli cations defying an answer. Such is the case of the Palestine question. For more than two decades, Britain has been unable to solve the riddle of Jewish and Arabian claims. Late last week it and the remainder of the world were informed that the troops of five Arab states were marching toward the disputed Holy Land. Thus, these forces were translating into ac tion the Arab league’s resolution calling on its members to defend it against “terrorist organizations and Zionist forces which threaten the security of Palestine Arabs.” Just how much this maneuver is a propa ganda threat in a “war of nerves” to in fluence the United Nations’ consideration of j the Holy Land problem, few really know. | But obviously it is bringing the matter to a climax. And it is at a time most oppor tune for the cause of the Arabs. Reports of the past several months show Russia is intensely interested in the Arabs’ feelings. Perhaps some of the arms used by the advancing forces 'were supplied, direct ly or otherwise, by Moscow. There is no doubt whatsoever about the moral support. Why? Because a physical triumph over Jewish claims would give the Soviet Union’s “friends” complete possession of the best of Mediterranean outposts. Back of Russia’s interest are the tremendous oil resources of the Middle East, quite a prize for any nation and especially so for the Soviet Union. The new crisis forced the United States to end its lengthy silence and declare its stand on the question of partitioning Pales tine into Arab and Jewish states. It did so yesterday, endorsing in principle the divi sion. The official Jewish agency imme diately welcomed the move and the Arabs declared such a step was “unacceptable” to them. That kind of reaction was expected. It is the same that has greeted a simila, proposal in the past. The United States also agreed to help the United Nations preserve “internal law and order” during a recommended two-year transition period. But it made no direct commitment on the possibility of providing military forces to guard against possible at tacks from outside the Holy Land. Thus, we have inherited an old British problem in almost its entirety. And now, that we are called upon to take the lead in solving it, we have the compara tively new angle of the Communists’ interest in the strategic eastern Mediterranean. Be cause of this situation, the endorsement of the partition policy was the only step left to take. That it will be challenged by others than the Arabs goes without saving'. Another of the major powers. China, takes the view that “a solution which would be acceptable to both parties to the dispute" should be sought. That, as far as others nave been able to see for more than 20 years, is an impossibility. Britain has taken no stand on the latest partition issue and Russia and France have yet to speak before the UN on the question. France, however, is understood to be for division of the Holy Land into two states. The reaction in the days to follow would ordinarily be quite interesting. But with the problem complicated by Russia’s acute interest, the condition may develop into an other one contributing to the continual eleverage between the Soviet Union and her satellites and the United States and her al lies as they press their political, economic and ideological warfare. Well Placed Praise The praise of Judge John J. Burney for the good work of Onslow county's first wo man juror appears to have been well de served. It is also substantiation of the fore cast that the ladies would be as competent as members of the other sex in the jury box. In commending her officially, the Wil mington jurist also drew favorable attention to North Carolina's1 new women jurors in general. Their formal entry into participation in the most important of all phases of justice was made possible by approval of an amend ment to the state constitution. From a na tional standpoint, it is nothing new as women have been serving on juries in several other states for many years. Whether they will show a dislike for the duty, as many men do, remains to be seen. But the con.ment of Judge Burney was not only a good means of showing the court’s appreciation but should encourage other ladies to look forward to accepting this call to civic responsibility. Let The Farmers Speak The United States Department of Agricul ture has proposed changes in present agri cultural laws, . featuring the absorbtion of the Soil Conservation service into the de partment. Discussion on such matters should be led by the farmers. The people should with hold conclusions until the farmers have spoken for themselves. A recommendation of a federal agency speaking for the man engaged in agriculture is not sufficient basis for a conclusion. The farmers nave men own organizations, such as the Farm bureau. Through these, they will express their views and reaction to recommendations made in their behalf. It is a serious thing to destroy the inde pendence of a soil consei'vation service and to make it subordinate to the Secretary of Agriculture. What do the farmers think? Largely, it is their soil. That Awful Law Again Under threat of $10,000,000 worth of damage suits, striking Railway Express drivers withdrew their secondary picket lines which had paralyzed deliveries in New York City's huge garment industry and threatened lay-offs for thousands of the industry’s unionized workers. The threat of these damage suits was made possible by the Taft-Hartley law. This law restricted a union’s right to interfere seriously with businesses against which it is no grievance. Maybe some may ,T. Put we would say that the law did o distinee service to the ge.r - -a wr.o weren't forced to take a i pay less holiday because of a quarrel which didn’t concern them. THEY SURE PICK A CAPABLE ASSISTANT_ TiR<rr n vjax. fiRsT in Peace faoTHeZ The Gallup Poll Little U. S. Political Ferment Noted As Citizens; Stick To Middle-Of-Road Taft And Wallace, On Right And Left, Are Gain ing Slight Support Bv GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J„ Oct. 11.—In contrast to the politi cal ferment in France, Eng land and a good many other countries abroad, the domi nant attitude of American voters today is politically middle-of-the-road. There is no important trend of sentiment either to the left or to the right. The majority want the Truman administration to hew to a ' line somewhat be tween the two extremes. Perhaps as much as anything else this attitudes explains why the most popular presidential candidates for 1948 are predomi nately at or near the middle-of the-road in their point of view. It probably explains why Senator Robert A. Taft, who in the pub lic's mind symbolizes right-wing conservatism, has not gained much political strength. By the same token, Henry A. Wallace, symbolizing the left wing point of view in the public mind, has shown no popular gain in recent months. The pull of public sentiment toward the middle is shown in the following coast-to-coast poll by the Institute. “Which of these three poli cies would you like to have President Truman follow: “Go more to the right, by following more of the views of business and conservative group? “Go more to the left, by fol lowing more of views of labor and other liberal groups? “Follow a policy half-way between the two?” The vote: Should go more right .19% Should go more left .18 Should Keep middle-of road .50 No opinion .13 me pun toward me middle forms one reason why President Truman is the outstanding favor ite among Democratic voters for 1948. It also helps explain why General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York and Harold E. Stas sen, none of whom is regarded as having an extreme viewpoint, also have wide popular strength as possible G.O.P. candidates. Attitudes here are in con ft— ' PUBLIC OPINION ^ WHAT POLICY SHOULD TRUMAN FOLLOW ? THE DOMINANT pull of public sentiment today is toward the middle-of-the-road, the latest Gallup Poll finds. trast to those prevailing today in France. A survey recently taken by the French Institute of Public Opinion affiliate of the American Institute, shows evidence of a pull of public sentiment toward the left. The poll, as reported in Sep tember, found the following: “Is the government in your opinion too far to the right or too far to the left?” Too far right .26% Too far left .15 Fine as is .33 No opinion .26 In England immediately fol lowing the war there was a trend away from conservatism and toward socialism. The victory of the Labor government at the election of 1945 was followed by a program of nationalization, ■which had wide popular back ing. Lately, however, there have been some signs of a trend of British public sentiment away from socialism. Last summer a survey by the British Institute of Public Opinion found that the Conservative Party, which had been badly beaten in 1945, had enjoyed a sufficient comeback in popular support to make it the equal of the Labor Party in per centage of folloivers nationally. LEJEUNE INFANT JACKSONVILLE, Oct. 11.—21 months-old Theodore J. Kantor, son of Dr. and Mrs. C. J. Kantor, Sr., of Camp Le.ieune, was drowned Friday afternoon in New river at Paradise Point. The Kantor’s back yard runs down to the river. The body is being sent to Troy, N. Y., for burial. France In Turmoil As Strike Continues In Paris Subways PARIS, Oct. 11.—dP)—Strikes kept France in a turmoil today and crippled subway transpoi'ta tion in her capital. Strikes had become such a gen eral means of expression that few of them were about working con ditions. Some of the strikes were called without the approval of, and some in direct opposition to, the Communist-controlled Gen eral Confederation of Labor (C.G.T.). Busses and the few taxis here were almost mobbed by Parisians seeking rides as the subways ran on reduced schedules and shorten ed runs, with many interruptions, In a jurisdictional walkout by an independent motormen's union demanding separate recognition. U. S. Army Tents Made Into Mail Bags BERLIN — (#) — American Army tenting is being used to relieve an acute shortage of mail bags in the U.S. zone of occupation. The Reichspost has purchased 24,000,000 square feet of surplus U.S. Army canvas for manufacture into 500,000 mail bags. The shortage of bags has been retarding international and domestic parcel post, news paper and letter services. The six major farm crops of the Philippines are rice, corn, abaca (Manila hemp), coconut, sugar cane and tobacco. Mr. Spearman s Literary Lantern BY WALTER SPEARMAN CHAPEL HILL, Oct. 11 — It would be no jest to say that Eu gene V. Debs’ “severest critic” was indeed his wife; and that is the theme of Irving Stone’s able and readable Debs biof raphy, which he calls “adver and Co., Inc., New York. 432 pp. sary in the House” (Doubleday his “novelized biographies” of $3). Fresh from the success of Vincent Van Gogh (“Lust for Life ), Jack London (“Sailor on Horseback ) and Jessie Hem on Fremont (“Immortal Wife”). Mr. Stcne now turns to a highly controversial figure in the de velopment of American labor. Eugene Debs was a labor or ganizer, a socialist, a candidate for the Presidency, an inmate of the Federal Penitentiary in At lanta for opposing World War I. In some American eyes he was a dangerous radical eager to overthrow the government; in others he was a hero dedicat ed to the cause of human free dom, human rights and human happiness. Mr. Stone’s view of him is a friendly one and he succeeds in convincing his readers. The fi nal picture of Eugene Debs shows him standing before the Lincoln Memorial in Washington after his release from prison, offering up to God the only prayer he knew: “While there is a lower class I am in it. While there is a working class I am of it.” in more recent years he has worked on newspaperfs in Ix'rvv York and Paris and written numerous magazine articles and short stories. “Cross on the Moon” was his first novel about Georgia small town life. The picture he draws of Southern civilization is not al ways palatable to Southern readers, for he sees ignorance, selfishness, intolerance, cruelty, superstition and injustice— and he does not hesitate to call such sins by name. His writing has a realism that needles those who feel that their South should just be let alone. Fortunately he also has a lusty sense of humor and a remarkable flair for fan tasy that lift his novels out of the ordinary run of realistic ex poses. When he is careful to blend his fantasy with his real ism the result is effective and arresting. In “Wild Grape’ 'he generously throws in everything —and as a result fails to achieve any single effect. The pages in which Uncle Gimme pretneds to take little Dee! on a tour of the town and the pages in which Uncle Gimme convers es with the stained-glass Christ do not belong in the same book with the Ku Klux attack on the Negro bishop or Half-Gus Hob son’s lecherous chase after Deel. Mr. Hewlett's inability—or re fusal—to make his white char acters anything more than can atures also weakens his novel and irritates the readers who elieve that he has something worth saying and that he pos sesses the means with which to say it. A Prize Novel The $10,000 prize novel con ducted by Dodd, Mead and Company was won this year by Loula Grace Erdman. teacher of creative writing at West Tex as State college. Th enovel is “The Years of the Lucust ” and the scene is Miss Erdman’s na tive Missouri (New York. $234 pp. $2.75). Using the device of old Dade Kenzie’s death to bring together the wandering members of the Kenzie family, Miss Erdman has written a warm, simple and moving account of people who seem real and of their problems which seem genuine. I he greatest ‘ adversary is gene Debs had to fight was not his enemies but his wife, Kate Metzel Debs, a stubborn, soci ety-loving woman from Terie Haute, who could never under stand why her husband shouid espouse an unpopular cause nr remain indifferent to money, worldly success and personal ambition. Author Stone is con vinced that Debs’ marriage was his great misfortune. The Southern Scene To be reviewed next week; “Cloud by DKAY“ BY Mu Earley Sheppard (University oi North Carolina Press) and “Country Place” by Ann Petry (Houghton Mifflin Company). Behind The News Arabs’ Advance Intensifies Palestine Problem By DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Those are disconcerting re ports from the Middle East to the effect that the armies of several Arab nations are as sembling near the Palestine frontiers in response to a sum mons from the Arab league for defense against what it descri bes as “terrorist organizations and Zionist forces which threat en the security of Palestine Arabs.” True, at United Nations head quarters, Lake Success, spokes men for Britain and the Jewish agency have minimized the im portance of the Arab league move. The Jewish agency rep resentative said it obviously was a propaganda threat timed to coincide with the U.N. deliber ations regarding the Holy Land’s future. The U.N. is debating the recommendation of its special investigating committee that Palestine be divided into two in dependent states—one Arab and the other Jewish. And of course it wouldn’t be surprising if the Arabs — who are dead set against partition — are trying to stampede the peace organi zation into rejecting the com mittee recommendation. However, having had a good look at the Arabs in their native habitat, your correspondent isn’t inclined to dismiss such a mili tary development lightly. We don’t like it. The exact nature of-the threat isn’t well defined, but we have the feeling of doubt which prompted Tom Brown three hundred years ago to com pose his immortal jingle: I do not love thee. Doctor Fell, The reason why I cannot tell; But this alone I know full well, I do not love thee, Doctor Fell. The Arabs are a fiery people and any considerable assem blage of them under arms is a matter of moment, especially when they are laboring under stress. Lebanon and Syria say they have troops maneuvering near the northern border of Palestine. King Abdulla of Trans-Jordan supposedly is massing soldiers along the river Jordan. Egyptian forces are said to be preparing to move into the Sinai desert, and Saudi Arabian cavalry is reportedly moving into Egyptian territory at the invitation of the Cairo government to participate in drawing a cordon around the Holy Land. One safeguard against an up heaval. is the presence of some 100,000 British troops in Pales tine, although England will do everything possible to avert an Arab-Jewish clash which would force her intervention. Lond o n doesn’t want anymore trouble in that part of the world. The same is true of America, Russia and France, all of whom have big interests in the Middle East with its great oil fields. For this reason the powers are treading circumspectly. And yesterday Guatemala — in spired or otherwise—came to their relief by proposing that the U. N. assembly create a tary body, provided by s m a I countries, to be used against any “force which takes aggt sion against the people of Pal estine.” That suggestion would relieve the powers of direct in volvement in the Arab-Jewish inbroglio and so would- ease a delicate situation among powers themselves. The Pales tine crisis could easily widen t.1 f breach between Russia and the Western powers. Whatever may grow out ol the Guatemala proposal, there will be many who believe that an nouncement of a final decision regarding the volcanic Palestine committee proposal should oe preceded bv the creation o> a U.N. military force adequate to maintain peace in the Ho > Land. This is especially neces sary since whatever the co.o mittee’s decision may be. it be dead against the wishes “ either the Jews or the Aia It can’t please both.