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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, October 12, 1947, SECTION A, Image 6

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T'.se Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page, Publisher_
Telephone All Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wil
mington, N. C. Post Office Linder Act of
Congress of March 3, 1879
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MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is entitled exclusive
ly to the use for republication of all local
news printed in this newspaper, as well as
all AP news dispatches._
SUNDAY, "OCTOBER 12, 1947
Star-Newc Program
State ports with Wilmington favored
in proportion with its resources, to in
clude public terminals, tobacco stor
age warehouses, ship repair facilities,
nearby sites for heavy industry and
35-foot Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium large enough to
meet needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agricultural and industrial
resources through better markets and
food processing, pulp wood production
and factories.
Emphasis on the region’s recrea
tion advantages and improvement of
resort accommodations.
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri
mary roads, with a paved highway
from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is
land.
Continued effort to attract more in
dustries.
Proper utilization of Bluethenthal
airport for expanding air service.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially
in counties lacking hospitals, and in
cluding a Negro Health center.
Encouragement of the growth of
commercial fishing.
Consolidation of City and County
governments.
GOOD MORNING
For precept must be on precept, pre
cept upon precept; line upon line, line
upon line; here a little and there a
little.—Isaiah 28:10.
* * *
Events of great consequence often spring
from trifling circumstances. —Livy.
Deserve Public Support
The American public should be interested
in the ability of the veterans to maintain
effectively functioning organizations.
For example, the public should give its
enthusiastic support to the membership
campaigns of the American Legion, the Vet
erans of Foreign Wars and other construc
tive ex-servicemen organizations.
While membership is open only to veter
ans who can qualify, the members of the
general public who are not veterans also
have an interest in the growth of these or
ganizations.
Veterans can be counted upon to stand
for reasonable preparedness. They have a
personal knowledge of the results of unpre
paredness. They know by their own ex
periences how long it takes to move a nation
from military indifference to the ability to
fight.
There is at present a movement for uni
versal military training. The general pub
lic will do well to listen carefully to what
the veterans think about universal military
training and to note carefully actions taken
by a majority vote in veterans organizations
on the movement.
So far, the debate about universal military
training has concerned itself more with the
predicted effect on the younger generation
than with the benefits to the nation. On this
question of the effect of membership in a
military organization on the individual, the
veterans are qualified to speak with authori
ty.
The public is interested in increased mem
bership for veterans organizations because,
based on the activities of years rather than
any particular case, the veterans are con
servative. The American Legion and the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, with which most
communities now are familiar, has not gone
in for radicalism, for increased centraliza
tion of government, for an unwarranted wor
ship of government agencies. In the average
community the Legionnaire and the Veteran
of Foreign Wars is a supporter of that type
of constitutional government contemplated
by the founding fathers. They keep active
in the community the leaven of conser
vatism.
The public also appreciates that the vet
eran who is in need should have something
more intimate than dollars and cents, or
a job or rehabilitation. Valuable as these
things are, the ex-GI needs personal interest
brotherliness and comradeship. These warrr
intimacies of personal contacts, so essentia]
to morale in the re-assumption of civiliar
obligations and in the will to live usefully
are provided richly by veterans organiza
tions.
The community is 'serving its own besl
interests when it gives its enthusiastic sup
port to drives to increase the membershij
of the veterans organizations.
Taking Too Much For Granted
Although the United States has maintain
ed a stronger spirit of preparedness since
World War II than in any peace-time period,
there is evidence of one complacency in its
defense psychology which could produce a
dangerous indifference to the country’s safe
ty in today’s tense world.
It is the belief that no other nation can
now manufactuie the atomic bomb.
This theory is held in some rather high
places. An example of this attitude was
shown a few days ago by Rep. Carl Durham,
of Chapel Hill and ranking Democratic
member of the combined House-Senate
Atomic Energy commission. Returning from
an inspection tour of Oak Ridge, Los Alamos,
Chicago University and Washington state,
he said.
“But the one impression I got was that
the money and time and ingenuity of en
gineering that this country has put into the
system which makes possible the develop
ment of atomic products cannot now be du
plicated by any other country on the globe.
They (other nations) may catch up with us
on paper, but I doubt seriously that they
can do it in a material accomplishment.”
With all respect to the views of Rep. Dur
ham, he certainly appears to be taking a lot
for granted.
It is only sensible to presume that other
nations, working on the use of atomic energy
as a weapon, are as secretive about what
they are doing as we are. Occasionally there
are bits of information on the activity of
Russia, France and others but none of it
is as valuable as the intelligence the United
States has released on its post-war work in
this field.
Have they found short-cuts in manufac
turing procedures?
Have they uncovered substitutes for com
paratively rare materials which the United
States used?
Have they made discoveries in cost re
ductions which our scientists overlooked?
It is impossible for an American to an
swer these questions.
The United States produced its first atomic
bomb the hard way. When it was exploded
it represented an achievement made possi
ble through the expenditure of billions of
dollars and millions of hours of work. To
day this bomb is considered obsolete be
cause of new atomic discoveries, either ma
jor, or minor. Meanwhile, it is reasonable
to presume that the actual cost of the last
one made was considerably lower than that
of the first. While we have progressed,
other nations have not been indifferent to
the tremendous power of this weapon. They
too, have been pressing for new discoveries
and what they have learned is their closest
secret.
When one speaks as Rep. Durham has,
he is simply taking too much for granted.
If the congressman's beliefs should become
those of the majority of Americans, it would
only be natural for them to feel that, since
we have a tremendous, exclusive means of
destruction of an enemy, little emphasis is
necessary on other important phases of na
tional defense. Such an attitude would in
vite, rather than discourage, a war provok
ing attack upon this nation.
Because the atomic bomb helped hurry
one war toward its logical conclusion is no
assurance that it will win a third one for
the United States.
N. C. Seafood Opportunity
All familiar with the place and value of
seafood in the nation’s diet are undoubtedly
disappointed because little effort has been
made to emphasize greater consumption of
it in the nation-wide movement to conserve
meat and poultry for the relief of Europe.
Nowhere have we seen a strong appeal to
the American people to eat more fish, oys
ters and shrimp.
There is no cost in their production, except
in the case of planted and supervised oyster
beds. In fact, labor, means of preservation
and transportation are the greatest expendi
tures in placing sea food on the dining table.
In North Carolina, promotion of greater
use of seafood would also serve the addition
al purpose of helping develop the industry,
long ignored except from a few sectional
standpoints. While enjoying a 320-mile
coastline with the greatest variety of sea
food than any other coastal state, it has
not taken advantage of this great natural
resource as it should. Recently, however,
it has shown a constructive interest with
indications of it eventually becoming quite
fruitful.
Included among the developments are:
An active legislative commission designed
to study and recommend means of greater
devolepment of the seafood industry.
Establishment of a branch of the Univer
sity of North Carolina at Morehead City to
study the best ways to secure more fish and
their protection and sale.
Donation of $50,000 for the Morehead City
Fisheries institute by generous Joseph P,
Knapp to finance additional fisheries studies.
That this and other research is needed is
an accepted fact. These studies must be fol
lowed-up with concerted development and
expansion efforts.
Meanwhile, no one knows how long the
European food situation will continue acute.
It may be necessary for this country to con
tinue to help feed the continent for years.
Would there be a better time to coordinate
the growth of the fisheries industry with the
tremendous demands upon other foods? We
do not believe so. And it is encouraging to
see North Carolina arise from its indiffer
ence and prepare to advance the long-neg
lected industry to the place it deserves in
realization of our natural resources.
Inherit Another Problem
Leave a problem belonging to a major
nation unsolved long enough and it will
eventually bring on international compli
cations defying an answer.
Such is the case of the Palestine question.
For more than two decades, Britain has
been unable to solve the riddle of Jewish
and Arabian claims. Late last week it and
the remainder of the world were informed
that the troops of five Arab states were
marching toward the disputed Holy Land.
Thus, these forces were translating into ac
tion the Arab league’s resolution calling on
its members to defend it against “terrorist
organizations and Zionist forces which
threaten the security of Palestine Arabs.”
Just how much this maneuver is a propa
ganda threat in a “war of nerves” to in
fluence the United Nations’ consideration of
j the Holy Land problem, few really know.
| But obviously it is bringing the matter to
a climax. And it is at a time most oppor
tune for the cause of the Arabs.
Reports of the past several months show
Russia is intensely interested in the Arabs’
feelings. Perhaps some of the arms used by
the advancing forces 'were supplied, direct
ly or otherwise, by Moscow. There is no
doubt whatsoever about the moral support.
Why?
Because a physical triumph over Jewish
claims would give the Soviet Union’s
“friends” complete possession of the best of
Mediterranean outposts. Back of Russia’s
interest are the tremendous oil resources of
the Middle East, quite a prize for any nation
and especially so for the Soviet Union.
The new crisis forced the United States
to end its lengthy silence and declare its
stand on the question of partitioning Pales
tine into Arab and Jewish states. It did so
yesterday, endorsing in principle the divi
sion. The official Jewish agency imme
diately welcomed the move and the Arabs
declared such a step was “unacceptable” to
them.
That kind of reaction was expected.
It is the same that has greeted a simila,
proposal in the past.
The United States also agreed to help the
United Nations preserve “internal law and
order” during a recommended two-year
transition period. But it made no direct
commitment on the possibility of providing
military forces to guard against possible at
tacks from outside the Holy Land.
Thus, we have inherited an old British
problem in almost its entirety.
And now, that we are called upon to take
the lead in solving it, we have the compara
tively new angle of the Communists’ interest
in the strategic eastern Mediterranean. Be
cause of this situation, the endorsement of
the partition policy was the only step left
to take.
That it will be challenged by others than
the Arabs goes without saving'. Another of
the major powers. China, takes the view that
“a solution which would be acceptable to
both parties to the dispute" should be sought.
That, as far as others nave been able to see
for more than 20 years, is an impossibility.
Britain has taken no stand on the latest
partition issue and Russia and France have
yet to speak before the UN on the question.
France, however, is understood to be for
division of the Holy Land into two states.
The reaction in the days to follow would
ordinarily be quite interesting. But with
the problem complicated by Russia’s acute
interest, the condition may develop into an
other one contributing to the continual
eleverage between the Soviet Union and her
satellites and the United States and her al
lies as they press their political, economic
and ideological warfare.
Well Placed Praise
The praise of Judge John J. Burney for
the good work of Onslow county's first wo
man juror appears to have been well de
served. It is also substantiation of the fore
cast that the ladies would be as competent
as members of the other sex in the jury box.
In commending her officially, the Wil
mington jurist also drew favorable attention
to North Carolina's1 new women jurors in
general.
Their formal entry into participation in
the most important of all phases of justice
was made possible by approval of an amend
ment to the state constitution. From a na
tional standpoint, it is nothing new as women
have been serving on juries in several other
states for many years.
Whether they will show a dislike for the
duty, as many men do, remains to be seen.
But the con.ment of Judge Burney was not
only a good means of showing the court’s
appreciation but should encourage other
ladies to look forward to accepting this call
to civic responsibility.
Let The Farmers Speak
The United States Department of Agricul
ture has proposed changes in present agri
cultural laws, . featuring the absorbtion of
the Soil Conservation service into the de
partment.
Discussion on such matters should be led
by the farmers. The people should with
hold conclusions until the farmers have
spoken for themselves. A recommendation
of a federal agency speaking for the man
engaged in agriculture is not sufficient basis
for a conclusion.
The farmers nave men own organizations,
such as the Farm bureau. Through these,
they will express their views and reaction
to recommendations made in their behalf.
It is a serious thing to destroy the inde
pendence of a soil consei'vation service and
to make it subordinate to the Secretary of
Agriculture.
What do the farmers think? Largely, it is
their soil.
That Awful Law Again
Under threat of $10,000,000 worth of
damage suits, striking Railway Express
drivers withdrew their secondary picket
lines which had paralyzed deliveries in New
York City's huge garment industry and
threatened lay-offs for thousands of the
industry’s unionized workers.
The threat of these damage suits was
made possible by the Taft-Hartley law.
This law restricted a union’s right to
interfere seriously with businesses against
which it is no grievance. Maybe some may
,T. Put we would say that
the law did o distinee service to the ge.r
- -a wr.o weren't forced to take a
i pay less holiday because of a quarrel which
didn’t concern them.
THEY SURE PICK A CAPABLE ASSISTANT_
TiR<rr n vjax.
fiRsT in Peace
faoTHeZ
The Gallup Poll
Little U. S. Political Ferment Noted
As Citizens; Stick To Middle-Of-Road
Taft And Wallace, On
Right And Left, Are Gain
ing Slight Support
Bv GEORGE GALLUP
Director, American Institute of
Public Opinion
PRINCETON, N. J„ Oct.
11.—In contrast to the politi
cal ferment in France, Eng
land and a good many other
countries abroad, the domi
nant attitude of American
voters today is politically
middle-of-the-road.
There is no important trend
of sentiment either to the left
or to the right. The majority
want the Truman administration
to hew to a ' line somewhat be
tween the two extremes.
Perhaps as much as anything
else this attitudes explains why
the most popular presidential
candidates for 1948 are predomi
nately at or near the middle-of
the-road in their point of view.
It probably explains why Senator
Robert A. Taft, who in the pub
lic's mind symbolizes right-wing
conservatism, has not gained
much political strength.
By the same token, Henry A.
Wallace, symbolizing the left
wing point of view in the public
mind, has shown no popular gain
in recent months.
The pull of public sentiment
toward the middle is shown in
the following coast-to-coast poll
by the Institute.
“Which of these three poli
cies would you like to have
President Truman follow:
“Go more to the right, by
following more of the views of
business and conservative group?
“Go more to the left, by fol
lowing more of views of labor
and other liberal groups?
“Follow a policy half-way
between the two?”
The vote:
Should go more right .19%
Should go more left .18
Should Keep middle-of
road .50
No opinion .13
me pun toward me middle
forms one reason why President
Truman is the outstanding favor
ite among Democratic voters for
1948. It also helps explain why
General Dwight D. Eisenhower,
Governor Thomas E. Dewey of
New York and Harold E. Stas
sen, none of whom is regarded as
having an extreme viewpoint,
also have wide popular strength
as possible G.O.P. candidates.
Attitudes here are in con
ft— '
PUBLIC OPINION ^
WHAT POLICY SHOULD TRUMAN FOLLOW ?
THE DOMINANT pull of public sentiment today is toward
the middle-of-the-road, the latest Gallup Poll finds.
trast to those prevailing today in
France. A survey recently taken
by the French Institute of Public
Opinion affiliate of the American
Institute, shows evidence of a
pull of public sentiment toward
the left.
The poll, as reported in Sep
tember, found the following:
“Is the government in your
opinion too far to the right or
too far to the left?”
Too far right .26%
Too far left .15
Fine as is .33
No opinion .26
In England immediately fol
lowing the war there was a trend
away from conservatism and
toward socialism. The victory of
the Labor government at the
election of 1945 was followed by
a program of nationalization,
■which had wide popular back
ing.
Lately, however, there have
been some signs of a trend of
British public sentiment away
from socialism. Last summer a
survey by the British Institute of
Public Opinion found that the
Conservative Party, which had
been badly beaten in 1945, had
enjoyed a sufficient comeback in
popular support to make it the
equal of the Labor Party in per
centage of folloivers nationally.
LEJEUNE INFANT
JACKSONVILLE, Oct. 11.—21
months-old Theodore J. Kantor,
son of Dr. and Mrs. C. J. Kantor,
Sr., of Camp Le.ieune, was
drowned Friday afternoon in New
river at Paradise Point. The
Kantor’s back yard runs down
to the river.
The body is being sent to Troy,
N. Y., for burial.
France In Turmoil
As Strike Continues
In Paris Subways
PARIS, Oct. 11.—dP)—Strikes
kept France in a turmoil today
and crippled subway transpoi'ta
tion in her capital.
Strikes had become such a gen
eral means of expression that few
of them were about working con
ditions. Some of the strikes were
called without the approval of,
and some in direct opposition to,
the Communist-controlled Gen
eral Confederation of Labor
(C.G.T.).
Busses and the few taxis here
were almost mobbed by Parisians
seeking rides as the subways ran
on reduced schedules and shorten
ed runs, with many interruptions,
In a jurisdictional walkout by an
independent motormen's union
demanding separate recognition.
U. S. Army Tents
Made Into Mail Bags
BERLIN — (#) — American
Army tenting is being used to
relieve an acute shortage of
mail bags in the U.S. zone of
occupation. The Reichspost has
purchased 24,000,000 square feet
of surplus U.S. Army canvas for
manufacture into 500,000 mail
bags. The shortage of bags has
been retarding international
and domestic parcel post, news
paper and letter services.
The six major farm crops of
the Philippines are rice, corn,
abaca (Manila hemp), coconut,
sugar cane and tobacco.
Mr. Spearman s
Literary
Lantern
BY WALTER SPEARMAN
CHAPEL HILL, Oct. 11 — It
would be no jest to say that Eu
gene V. Debs’ “severest critic”
was indeed his wife; and that
is the theme of Irving Stone’s
able and readable Debs biof
raphy, which he calls “adver
and Co., Inc., New York. 432 pp.
sary in the House” (Doubleday
his “novelized biographies” of
$3). Fresh from the success of
Vincent Van Gogh (“Lust for
Life ), Jack London (“Sailor on
Horseback ) and Jessie Hem on
Fremont (“Immortal Wife”).
Mr. Stcne now turns to a highly
controversial figure in the de
velopment of American labor.
Eugene Debs was a labor or
ganizer, a socialist, a candidate
for the Presidency, an inmate of
the Federal Penitentiary in At
lanta for opposing World War
I. In some American eyes he
was a dangerous radical eager
to overthrow the government;
in others he was a hero dedicat
ed to the cause of human free
dom, human rights and human
happiness.
Mr. Stone’s view of him is a
friendly one and he succeeds in
convincing his readers. The fi
nal picture of Eugene Debs
shows him standing before the
Lincoln Memorial in Washington
after his release from prison,
offering up to God the only
prayer he knew: “While there
is a lower class I am in it.
While there is a working class
I am of it.”
in more recent years he has
worked on newspaperfs in Ix'rvv
York and Paris and written
numerous magazine articles and
short stories. “Cross on the
Moon” was his first novel about
Georgia small town life.
The picture he draws of
Southern civilization is not al
ways palatable to Southern
readers, for he sees ignorance,
selfishness, intolerance, cruelty,
superstition and injustice— and
he does not hesitate to call such
sins by name. His writing has
a realism that needles those
who feel that their South should
just be let alone. Fortunately he
also has a lusty sense of humor
and a remarkable flair for fan
tasy that lift his novels out of
the ordinary run of realistic ex
poses. When he is careful to
blend his fantasy with his real
ism the result is effective and
arresting. In “Wild Grape’ 'he
generously throws in everything
—and as a result fails to
achieve any single effect. The
pages in which Uncle Gimme
pretneds to take little Dee! on a
tour of the town and the pages
in which Uncle Gimme convers
es with the stained-glass Christ
do not belong in the same book
with the Ku Klux attack on the
Negro bishop or Half-Gus Hob
son’s lecherous chase after
Deel.
Mr. Hewlett's inability—or re
fusal—to make his white char
acters anything more than can
atures also weakens his novel
and irritates the readers who
elieve that he has something
worth saying and that he pos
sesses the means with which to
say it.
A Prize Novel
The $10,000 prize novel con
ducted by Dodd, Mead and
Company was won this year by
Loula Grace Erdman. teacher
of creative writing at West Tex
as State college. Th enovel is
“The Years of the Lucust ” and
the scene is Miss Erdman’s na
tive Missouri (New York. $234
pp. $2.75).
Using the device of old Dade
Kenzie’s death to bring together
the wandering members of the
Kenzie family, Miss Erdman
has written a warm, simple and
moving account of people who
seem real and of their problems
which seem genuine.
I he greatest ‘ adversary is
gene Debs had to fight was not
his enemies but his wife, Kate
Metzel Debs, a stubborn, soci
ety-loving woman from Terie
Haute, who could never under
stand why her husband shouid
espouse an unpopular cause nr
remain indifferent to money,
worldly success and personal
ambition. Author Stone is con
vinced that Debs’ marriage was
his great misfortune.
The Southern Scene
To be reviewed next week;
“Cloud by DKAY“ BY Mu
Earley Sheppard (University oi
North Carolina Press) and
“Country Place” by Ann Petry
(Houghton Mifflin Company).
Behind The News
Arabs’ Advance Intensifies Palestine Problem
By DeWITT MACKENZIE
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
Those are disconcerting re
ports from the Middle East to
the effect that the armies of
several Arab nations are as
sembling near the Palestine
frontiers in response to a sum
mons from the Arab league for
defense against what it descri
bes as “terrorist organizations
and Zionist forces which threat
en the security of Palestine
Arabs.”
True, at United Nations head
quarters, Lake Success, spokes
men for Britain and the Jewish
agency have minimized the im
portance of the Arab league
move. The Jewish agency rep
resentative said it obviously was
a propaganda threat timed to
coincide with the U.N. deliber
ations regarding the Holy
Land’s future.
The U.N. is debating the
recommendation of its special
investigating committee that
Palestine be divided into two in
dependent states—one Arab and
the other Jewish. And of course
it wouldn’t be surprising if the
Arabs — who are dead set
against partition — are trying to
stampede the peace organi
zation into rejecting the com
mittee recommendation.
However, having had a good
look at the Arabs in their native
habitat, your correspondent isn’t
inclined to dismiss such a mili
tary development lightly. We
don’t like it. The exact nature
of-the threat isn’t well defined,
but we have the feeling of doubt
which prompted Tom Brown
three hundred years ago to com
pose his immortal jingle:
I do not love thee. Doctor Fell,
The reason why I cannot tell;
But this alone I know full well,
I do not love thee, Doctor
Fell.
The Arabs are a fiery people
and any considerable assem
blage of them under arms is a
matter of moment, especially
when they are laboring under
stress. Lebanon and Syria say
they have troops maneuvering
near the northern border of
Palestine. King Abdulla of
Trans-Jordan supposedly is
massing soldiers along the river
Jordan. Egyptian forces are
said to be preparing to move
into the Sinai desert, and Saudi
Arabian cavalry is reportedly
moving into Egyptian territory
at the invitation of the Cairo
government to participate in
drawing a cordon around the
Holy Land.
One safeguard against an up
heaval. is the presence of some
100,000 British troops in Pales
tine, although England will do
everything possible to avert an
Arab-Jewish clash which would
force her intervention. Lond o n
doesn’t want anymore trouble in
that part of the world. The same
is true of America, Russia and
France, all of whom have big
interests in the Middle East with
its great oil fields.
For this reason the powers
are treading circumspectly. And
yesterday Guatemala — in
spired or otherwise—came to
their relief by proposing that the
U. N. assembly create a
tary body, provided by s m a I
countries, to be used against
any “force which takes aggt
sion against the people of Pal
estine.” That suggestion would
relieve the powers of direct in
volvement in the Arab-Jewish
inbroglio and so would- ease a
delicate situation among
powers themselves. The Pales
tine crisis could easily widen t.1 f
breach between Russia and the
Western powers.
Whatever may grow out ol the
Guatemala proposal, there will
be many who believe that an
nouncement of a final decision
regarding the volcanic Palestine
committee proposal should oe
preceded bv the creation o> a
U.N. military force adequate to
maintain peace in the Ho >
Land. This is especially neces
sary since whatever the co.o
mittee’s decision may be. it
be dead against the wishes “
either the Jews or the Aia
It can’t please both.

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