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* Wilmington and vicinity: Partly clouriv and slightly cooler today, tonight and Saturday. u VOL. 81.—NO. 55. -- ESTABLISHED 1867 Britain Will Cut Her Navy Home Fleet Manpower Slash, Tobacco Ban An nounced By Ctipps LONDON, Oct. 23—(A3)—New cuts in Britain’s daily diet, a reduction in Naval manpower, and a ban on tobacco imports frnrn the United States were an nounced today by the govern ment in a new program to com bat the economic crisis. The program was outlined to a silent House of Commons by Sir Stafford Cripps, minister of economic affairs, and Defense Minister A. V. Alexander. It al so calls for curbs on home and factory building and the sale of more than half of the sterling area's estimated $2,400,009,000 gold reserves during the next 14 months. Emphasizing what was at stake, Cripps declared: “If our economy and that of Europe should collapse, our de mocracy in all probability will collapse too and will disappear, and with it will go the last stronghold of Western Demo cratic civilization in Europe.’ He announced that all tobac co imports from the United States had already been stopped, that new food import reductions would cut the aver age daily diet from 2,870 calo ries to below 2,700 and that pub lic and private expenditure? for : building homes and factories and buying maehinerv must be slashed by $800 000,000 a year Alexander announced a “temporary immobilization of a considerable part of the home 1 fleet” as part of a plan to cut ; manpower strength to 147,000 by March 31 from a previous naval i estimate of 191,000. j Cripps, declaring that , See BRITAIN On Page Five 1 LABOR TO SEEK NEW WAGE HIKE AFL Publication Signals Possible Start Of Further Demands WASHINGTON, Oct. 23-A : laoor union signal for a new round of wage increases came : today just ahead of President Truman’s summons to Cob- ; gress for a special session to deal with soaring living costs. ‘ The AFL economic pub lication, “Labor’s Monthly Re view,” bluntly announced that 1 due to the increased cost of liv- ' ing “unions must seek upward : wage adjustments.” It said the question is “will a new upward price spiral be started by a third round of wage increase!?” With the answer de pending “on the statesmanship of management and workers as they conduct negotiations.” The publication said that some postwar wage increases have been offset by lower unit labor costs because of expanded pro duction and that this left a mar gin which enables industry to boost wages again without changing the price structure. This was the strongest evi dence to date of a developing labor wage drive, although CIO See LABOR On Page Five HURRICANE DRIVING ON CANADA’S WEST COAST SHORELINES VANCOUVER, B.C., Oct. 23— ! f—An intense storm, with winds reaching hurricane force, . was reported today 600 miles at sea off the Queen Charlotte Is lands, 500 miles North of here, ■ and was expected to hit the 1 oast toward nightfall. Dominion Public Weather of fice reports said gales would be general throughout the entire coast, with winds expected to reach 75 miles an hour and pos sibly higher in Northern areas. The storm, which covers what was described as “a very large area,” was reportedly the most active to approach Canada’s Pacific coast within the past few years. Tlie Weather FORECAST: sou\h Carolina—Mostly cloudy and '!M'd Friday followed by partly cloudy a"'d cooler Saturday; scattered showers South and West portions Friday and oyi reme West portion Friday night. .V;rih Carolina—Mostly cloudy West, par:-.‘ cloudy East, slightly cooler Fri day followed by partly cloudy and oGoler Friday night and Saturday; scat 1ei'erj showers West portion Friday and '‘■ •erne West portion Friday night. Meteorological data for the 24 hours aiding 7:30 p. m. yesterday. TEMPERATURES 1:30 a m. 61. 7:30 a. m. 60; 1:30 p. m. 7.30 p. m. 72; Maximum 81; Mini mum 59; Mean 70; Normal 63. HUMIDITY ;30 a. m. 93; 7:30 a. m. 100; 1:30 p. m- 7:30 p. m. 88. PRECIPITATION Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m- 0 inches. - 7:Jlal fince the first of the month inches. TIDES FOR TODAY I’rom the Tide Tables published by S. Coast and Geodetic Survey). . HIGH LOW v Mrrungton _ 5:15 a.m. 12:13 a.m. a, 5:43 p.m. 12:25 p.m. •^sonboro Inlet _ 3:00 a.m. 9:19 a.m. s 3:32 p.m. 10:01 p.m. ' l!b<> 6:25; Sunset 5:28; Moonrise “' •i: Moonset i:06a. Mor® WEATHER On rate Fiv# —- i—m REV. C. D. BARCLIFT, pastor »f First Methodist church at Hen lerson who returns to his former charge. Fifth Avenue Methodist church tonight where he will preach at 7:30 o’clock, in connection with the centennial ibsen ance now in progress t the church. WHITE PROCLAIMS MONDAY NAVY DAY Four-Day Program. Arrang ed For Officers, Men Of USS Gyatt A four-day program has been planned for observance of Navy day in Wilmington by enlisted men, including a special Navy Day Memorial service at the Customs building Sunday after noon at 2 o’clock. Mayor E. L. White has is sued a proclamation proclaim ing Monday as official Navy Day in Wilmington. Enlisted men and officers of the local naval reserve unit are acting as hosts for all the en listed men of the USS Gyatt, which will arrive here this morning for participation in the exercises today through Mon day. The four-day program gets underway this evening with an open house at the Amer can Legion home at 7.30 o’clock. Saturday evening at 7:30 o’clock the Navy Day dance, sponsored by the' city of Wil mington and county of New Hanover will be conducted at the Community center. In addition to the special Me morial Day services Sunday afternoon, a buffet supper to be sponsored by the Cape Fear Navy Mothers’ club will be held at the Community center at 5 p.m. Tentatively set for 7:30 Monday evening is an open house program at the Veterans of Foreign Wars hall. Sunday Service At the Sunday services Lieut. Commdr. John W. Isoy. USNR, will tell the story of Navy Day. A memorial prayer will be led by Lt. W. A. Taylor of the navy chaplains corps and flowers will be deliver jd to the Naval Reserve training ship for final ceremony at sea. Included in the crew of the destroyer Gyatt, when it docks See WHITE On Page Five KENNETH CORBETT HEADS GUARD UNIT New Wilmington Company To Be Federally In spected November 3 RALEIGH, Oct. 23—(/PI—Na tonal Guard headquarters an nounced the appointment today of eight officers to duty with new units, and said that Head quarters and Headquarters Bat tery, 150th AAA Gun battalion, recently formed in Wilmington, would be inspected for federal recogniton on November 3. Commanding officer of the new Wilmington unit, was listed in appointment orders as Kenneth M. Corbett, war-time colonel, who will serve as lieutenant colonel. William F. Burns, war time lieutenant colonel, was named executive officer with the rank of Major; Louis O. Ellis, jr., war-time captain, was named S-3 with the rank of ma jor; and John E. Farmer, form er captain, was named S-2 with the rank of captain, signments: Other appointments and as signments; Lt. Col. Hugh L. Caveness, member of the State Adjutant General’s staff, assign ed to State National Guard head quarters with selective service section; Van H. Brown, named first lieutenant with Company See CORBETT on Page Five Gary Cooper Hits At Reds Actor Tells Committee They Are Both Noisy, Danger To Hollywood : WASHINGTON, Oct. 23—— Movie stars Gary Cooper and Robert Montgomery testified to day that Communists and a red “lunatic fringe’’ have gained a foothold in Hollywood that is both noisy and dangerous. “Character assassination,” said Montgomery, is one of their weapons. Actors Ronald Reagan and George Murphy, two other wit nesses in the all-star cast of to day’s installment of the Red’s In-Hollywood probe, generally agreed with Cooper and Mont gomery that the Communists have failed to dominate the movie industry. They all said - vast majority of the workers against the tenets of Moscow. They appeared at a packet hearing before the House Com mittee on Unamerican activities. Cooper , after laughingly de scribing his “present occupa tion” as an actor, broke off from his usual lazy drawl and his jaws tightened as he testified that he once rejected a scrip because the leading character had to organize “an army of oldiers in the United States who wouldn’t fight.” Montgomery, Reagan and Murphy—all former presidents of the Screen Actors Guild— agreed that Reds have penetrat ed the movie capital but haven’t gone far, particularly in the guild. SKI) SloiN Out Like Robert Taylor yester day, today’s case had a stand ing-room-only audience, mostly “Ah-h-h-hing” and “oh-h-h-hing’> women who even got off an oc casional low whistle. Cameras whired and dazzling lights burned down as they talk ed. Murphy looked the scene over appreciatively. “This,” he cracked, “is the most expensive set we’ve ever worked in. And it isn’t the initial cost, either. It’s the upkeep.” Earlier, movie writers Fred Niblo, Jr., and Richard Macau lay testified that Communists and those who “play along with them” have had some luck in the Screen Writers Guild, to which they belong. Macaulay See COOPER On Page Five TOBACCO PR ES SUFFER SETBACK Declines On All Markets Follow British Ban Announcement BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Price averages on all flue cured tobacco belts broke sharp ly yesterday (Thursday), and the weaker demand, according to the Federal-State Departments of Agriculture, was attributed partially to the drastic curtail ment of tobacco purchased for export. The British government yes terday, morning announced that it would place a ban on tobacco imports. In the past a large por tion of the U. S. choice to fine flue-cured offerings have been bought by British buyers for consumption in the United King dom. Market tor Eastern iNortn Carolina Belt broke sharply when compared with previous sales, with drops ranging in all grades from $1 to $8 per hun dred pounds. The majority of the declines were from $2 to $5 per hundred, and leaf offerings sustained heaviest blows, with prices off from $2 to $8. Little change as shown in the quantity of offerings, and volume con tinued heavy. Declines Sharp Weakening demand on the Middle Belt resulted in sharp price declines, with losses rang ing from $1 to $7, with some grades showing unsually large decreases of $3 to $6. Smoking leaf and nondescript also de clined from $1 to $2 in the ma jority of the cases. Volume re mained heavy on the larger mar kets, and little change in quality was noted. Prices continued to weaken on most Old Belt markets, especial ly for leaf and smoking leaf, with the majority of declines See TOBACCO On Page Five Piscatory Phenomenon Puts Plenty On Plates REHOBOTH BEACH, Del., Dct 23—(iP)—There was no lack of Eish on the. supper tables of this acean resort town today—and they were all free. In a piscatory phenomenon, millions of shining trout bobbed up in the surf late in the after noon. Many housewives tied up their skirts, kicked off their shoes and men rolled up their pants legs and waded into the sea of fish to catch them by hand as the trout leaped a foot high. Others used crab nets and fishing poles to catch them by basketfuls. The beach was strewed with tiny shiners or smelts driven ashore by the hungry hordes of trout while overhead hovered clouds of white sea gulls, look ing for food. One veteran angler, Harvey Hill, said he believed the inva sion was caused by the 80-degree weather which forced the schools headed for Southern waters to chase the tiny shiners to the beach in search of food. President Calls “Special Session” Of Congress For Monday, Nov. 17; Residents Evacuating Bar Harbor Small Craft Rush To Famous Resort Two Thousand People Huddle On Docks As Fire Lick' M Heels *cO — BAR Te., Oct. 23— ,e evacuation of ^sX.Ken internation resort town began wishing craft and other cgp >ats. craft of every description 'Xaded for Bar Harbor as word spread that two thousand resi dents were huddled on the town’s docks waiting evacuation by sea, their only escape from the gale whipped blaze. The boats carried evacuees across Frenchman Bay to Goulds boro on the East mainland sf ye. Word of the evacuation oe from Governor Horace A 1 reth, who talked with. - phone operator on theyQRK' emergency line into the Even as the fishermen”1* craft begalf carrying -emt across the bay, Coasffi*^ boats, a Navy destroyi,s-wMt and other boats of ev»—nt» scription were on thc®,..,^* from a dozen New England The Governor quoted t^ic erator as saying that the _*s had reached the business v.;rict of the town and that the prin cipal resort hotels — the Mal vern' and Belmont — were gone. Homes Reported Destroyed There were unconfirmed re ports that the estate of A. At water Kent was among the more pretentious summer places burn ed. The Ford, Rockefeller, and Pulitzer families are among the better known summer residents and Sumner Wells and Lady Eunice Oakes, widow of the slain baronet, Sir Harry Oakes, have estates here. Hildreth quoted the telephone operator as saying that hundreds of residents had fled by highway, but for others, caught on the other side of the fire, evacua tion by sea was the only escape. Highways were cut off. Wires were down. As the flames raced through the woodslands and the See SMALL On Page Five PALMIST ARRESTED ON LICENSE COUNT Robert L. Crouse Charged With Distributing Psychic Hand Bills Robert L. Crouse, 29 year-old self-styled astrologist and palm reader, was arrested late last night at his home, 2914 Carolina Beach road, by Sheriff F. Por ter Davis, on charges of engag in palmistry without a county license. Crouse, who told officers he was employed by Benjamin Boswell, admitted that he had hired two young boys to distri bute hand bills in the city dur ing the past several months. The handbills announced that the “World’s Greatest Psychic” would give lucky numbers free with each reading. It also said that numbers would be given and which day to play the num ber and which house to play. Sheriff Davis said his office has been investigating the num bers racket for several weeks, but was unable to find any di rect evidence to connect Crouse See PALMIST On Page Five Along The Cape Fear PRACTICING LAW — A gem on the editorial page of THE DAILY JOURNAL publish ed in Wilmington on Saturday, December 24, 1859, is headlined “Characteristic Sayings of Cho ate.” Those who think the prac tice of the legal profession at tained the stature of manhood only in our own day will be sur prised at the sage advice of this Boston barrister, who had al ready a distinguished career to his credit one hundred years ago. The article reads in part: “The following short dicta are from the memorials of Rufus Choate, just published in Bos ton: “He said “he always went in for the verdict.’ ’I care not how hard the case is—it may bristle with difficulties—if I feel I am on the right side, that cause I win. . .It is a rich and rare Eng lish that one ought to command who is aiming to control a jury’s ear. . .Never cross examine any more than is absolutely ne cessary. “If you don’t break your wit ness, he breaks you; for he only repeats over in stronger langu i A age his story to the jury. Thus you only give him a second chance to tell his story to them, and by some random question you may draw out something damaging to your case....at the outset, then, you want to strike into their minds what they want —a good, solid view of your case and let them think over that for a good while. . . .1 studied my jury until I knew them every one, so I could say something to hit every one.” The editor comments that to Choate’s sharpened vision the faces of the jurors were as glass and that he read their souls through that glass. He would never allow thq.jury to perceive him at issue with the bench, the editor declares, and continues with the following testimonial: “The material of this great advocate’s argument was a mys terious consulidation of the most dogmatic and positive assertion, the closest logic, the dryest law, the most glittering poetry, the most convulsive humor, fired by See CAFE FEAR On Page Five WANDERER—W. R. Griswold, above, captain of the floating laboratory ship, M/Y Wander er, inspecting the radar scanner which seeks out landmarks and above-water obstacles as a mod ern electronic aid to navigation. Operated by the Sperry Gyroscope Company, Inc., the Wanderer is returning to New York from a two-month educational tour of the Gulf ports. Demonstrations are scheduled for Wilmington, Morehead City and Norfolk before a week’s visit at Washington, D. C. FOREST FIRE HIGH SPOTS BY STATES By The Associated Press Maine Bar Harbor—Famed summer resort threatened with destruc tion and two thousand residents flee to docks to escape by boat. Brownfield — Refugees from Brownfield and East Brownfield report flames virtually de stroyed the two villages. Augusta—Gov. Horace A. Hil dreth in radio appeal calls on people of state to organize on wartime basis to combat the fires. Biddeford—Fire under control after patients of Trull hospital evacuated to safety Massachusetts Pittsfield — Observers say 75 100 fire fighters may be trapped on October mountain reserva tion blaze. Fitchburg — All available fire battling equipment called out as forest fire reaches within mile See FOREST On Page Five PORTLAND REDCROSS TO EVACUATE TRULL HOSPITAL PATIENTS BIDDEFORD, Me., Oct. 23— Iffl—The Red Cross appealed for help today to evacuate patients from Trull hospital, menaced by a forest fire. Gerald A. Cole, vice chair man of the Greater Portland Red Cross Disaster committee, said area headquarters at Biddeford appealed for “as many ambulances. . . as fast as God will let you.” Cole immediately dispatched all available ambulances from greater Portland. It could not be determined immediately how many patients were in the hospital._ Floating Laboratory Yacht To Visit City TWO YOUTHS HELD ON EIGHT COUNTS Wilmington High Students Face Trespass, Larceny Charges Two 16-year-old Wilmington high school students were ar rested by local detectives yes terday on eight separate counts of forcible trespass, breaking and entering and larceny and receiving. Charles Edward Robinson and Edward Burlin Campbell, both of 614 Caldwell avenue, were picked up at thier hemes yesterday afternoon by Detec tives Sgt. E. J. Hale and W. M. Leitch. Five counts were lodged against Robinson and three against Campbell. Both youths were released under bonds of $300. The five indictments against Robinson were listed as follows: October 12 breaking and en tering the Forest Hill school See YOUTHS on Page BURGWYNTO HOLD SPECIAL SESSION Governor Cherry Assigns Jurist To Preside Over Criminal Court Governor Cherry in Raleigh Thursday assigned Judge W.H.S. Burgwyn of Woodland to pre side over special session of cri minal court for one week be ginning on November 17 in New Hanover county Superior court, according to an As sociated Press report. Announcement of the special session means that Superior court will be in session in Wilm ington during five of the seven weeks following next Monday. Judge Leo Carr will preside over a two-week session of cri minal court here beginning Mon See BURGWYN On Page Five Sperry Gyroscope M-Y Wanderer Will Spend Two Days Here By GEORGE KNUDSON Star Staff Writer A floating laboratory yacht, Sperry Gyroscope company’s M-Y Wanderer, said to be one of the most completely equipped vessels afloat, will sail into the Wilmington harbor Sunday morning, Nov. 2 James P. Duffy, local representative announced yesterday. It will demonstrate modern navigational aids to shipping in dustry representatives here, at Morehead City, and Norfolk, be fore returning via Washington to its home port at Oyster Bay, New York. Instrumentation aboard the Wanderer, which creates the greatest interest among marine See LABORATORY On Page Five TOBACCO LEADERS DISCUSS PROBLEM Ban On Export Of Ameri can Leaf By Britain Worries Industry WINSTON-SALEF, Oct. 23 — (IP)—Leaders of the flue-cured to bacco industry met here tonight in an effort to work out a solu tion to the problem facing to bacco growers and warehouse men after Great Britain banned imports of United States tobac co. Another problem to be threshed out by the leaders of the tobacco industry is the re calling of all buyers from to bacco markets by the Imperial Tobacco company, which pur chases leaf for export, princi pally to Great Britain. J. B. Hutson, president of To bacco Associates, Inc., M. A. Morgan, an official of Tobacco Associates, Inc., and R. Flake Shaw of Greensboro, executive vice-president of the North Car See TOBACCO on Page Five Don’t Blow Your JNose; Be A Sniffer, Medic Says WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 —Un it you have a common cold, don’t blow your nose—be a snif fer-says an Army doctor. “Nose blowing is believed to be the most important single detrimental factor to the proper care of acute or chronic upper respiratory infections,” Cap tain Angus C. Randolph de clared today in the bulletin of the United States Army Medical department. He recommends “forceful in halation or sniffing.” Randolph said a common eold can ordinarily be divided into three stages. In the third stage — often associated with sec ondarily invading organism— there is a discharge from nasal sinuses which, Randolph de clared, “may persist for days, months, or even years,” lead ing to such complications as pneumonia, mastoiditis and ar thritis. Saying that this “most dan gerous” stage is “fortunate See BLOW On Page Five Aid For Europe, Prices On Agenda Truman To Address Natiou By Radio On Session Tonight WASHINGTON, Oct. 23. — (JP) — President Truman today called Congress into special session No vember 17 to consider a possible billion-dollar program of stop-gap foreign aid and to throw a federal halter on runaway prices at home. Gravely and rapidly, Mr. Tru man read his proclamation to newsmen massed in his oval of fice, then announced he would make an all-network broadcast to the people at 10 p. m.,‘E. S. T., tomorrow. He did not name his figure on winter aid. But other administra tion officials said it has climbed from his $580,000,000 estimate for France, Italy, and Austria, made a few weeks ago, and now looks like this: About $642,000,000 for France and Italy alone; up to $30,000,000 for occupied Austria; and a pos sible $400,000,000 for occupied Ja pan, Korea and Germany — a to tal of $1,072,000,000 to last until March 31. The officials who sup plied the estimates to reporterg withheld the use of their names. Many Developments The day crackled with develop ments : First the call for the extraordi nary session itself, after talk of See AID On Page Five WHITE DEATH DUE TO “HEMORRHAGE” Coroner So Rules In Bruns* wick Case; Doctor Withholds Opinion The sudden death of Bruns wick county Sheriff John White, in Shallotte Wednesday after noon, resulted from a hem orrhage at the base of the brain, Acting Coroner G. C. Kilpatrick revealed last night, adding that Dr. F. M. Burdette, of South port, had not given his opinion as to whether it was from nat ural causes. Meanwhile, Captain Edward I. Conway, Myrtle Beach resi dent, and assistant superintend ent of operatons of the Wil mington Reserve fleet, had posted a $5,000 bond after be ing arrested in connection with the Brunswick sheriff’s death. Captain Conway, who Bruns wick deputies charged was in volved in a scuffle with Sheriff White when the latter was ar resting him on a charge of drunken driving on Monday aft ernoon, was picked up by Chief Deputy Ed Leonard, of South port, as he crossed the North Carolina border early yesterday morning en route to Wilmington to work. Coroner Kilpatrick, who set the time for an inquest into the See WHITE on Page Five TOWN MANAGER STICKS TO GUNS AS FAIR SEX PROTEST “HEAD TAX” VINTON, Va„ Oct. 23 — «J.R)_ Town Manager Guy Gearhart stuck to his guns today despite a flood of protests by women who objected to paying an an nual town “head tax” on the same basis as men. Gearhart found the 1936 town charter authorized him to assess the capitation tax on “all” adults 21 and over, and ordered wom en to pay the same as men. Only men had paid in the past. The action brought a storm of protests from women, despite Gearhart’s explanation that the town only charged 50 when the authorized maximum was $1. And So To Bed A couple of young ladies missed their bus by a couple or steps at 17th and Market street last night. But a kind hearted motorist came along and offered to catch the bus for the ladies. He drove them to 14th and Princess, Passing the bus enroute. But the bus does not stop at that corner and whizzed by. The motorist again loaded his passengers and finally caught the bus at the corner of Seventh and Princess street. The ladies lighted and thanked him for his assist ance. The two women got off the bus at second and Princess street, after riding only five blocks.