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—.. ~~ ^ ^ VOL, 81.—NO. 56_ WILMINGTON, N. C„ SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1947 " ESTABLISHED 1867 * Judge Urges Drafted Jury [Jon. John J. Parker Says Men Chosen Should Be Made To Serve Duty RALEIGH, Oct. 24—OT—When ien of intelligence and character ,'re chosen for jury duty, “they ought to be made to serve as a matter of public duty, just as mcn are required to serve in the Armv and Navy,” John J. Park er 0f Charlotte, senior judge of jhe u. S. Circuit Court of Ap peals, said here tod&y. judge Parker, one of the prin cipal speakers at the 14th annual meeting of the North Carolina State Bar association, said, “a jury ought not to be a cross section of a community—ratter it should be representative of the character and intelligence of a community. “The business of a jury is the most important business of any community, for it is the adminis tration of justice between man and man,” the judge said. Joseph B. Cheshire, II, of Ral eigh, was elected president for 1947-48 of the North Carolina State bar. He succeeds Fred B. Helms of Charlotte. Other Officers Other new officers elected: Thomas P. Pruitt of Hickory, first vice-president, and J. B. James of Greenville, second vice president. Edward L. Cannon of Raleigh, again was re-elected secretary treasurer, of the association. Judge Parker expressed his confidence that the jury system is “one of the greatest bulwarks against oppressive power ever erected. It is one of the land marks of constitutional law. “Too often, the man in the street doesn’t agree with us. He regards it as a system of chance. “Too often, men of the highest character and intelligence find their own business more press See JUDGE on Page Two TEACHERS DEMAND $2,400 MINIMUM Northwestern District As sociation Elects Wom an President GREENSBORO. Oct 24 —(tf)— Demand for a $2,400 minimum salary for teachers was voiced here today when about 3,000 members of the Northwestern District Teachers Association, North Carolina Education As sociation, here for the 25th an niversary session. They also elected acting President Lucile Kirkpatrick, Thomasville, Pres ident and heard L'r. Walter A. Flick, psychology department head of Washington and Lee University, explain how the teaching profession should be glamorized and advanced. Miss Kirkpatrick defeated Holland McSwain, Yancey ville. and Lloyd Y. Horton High Point, for the presidency. S. F. Horton, principal of the Cove Creek High School, Sugar Grove, was unopposed for vice president. Miss Donna Lee Lof lin, Asheboro, edged out Mrs. Trach Council, Boone, and Mrs. Dorothv Y. Zimmerman, Yancy ville, frr thp post. uieaas f or unity A nlea for unitv within N.C.E.A. ranks was sounded in an address by A. C. Dawson. Jr.. n^ue’nal of the Southern P'nes Hi^h school and aqsoda tion vice nresident. He was elected with the Fritz regime. “Junior” might not have to face his Darpots with his renort card in the future, according to an address made bv Dr. J. E. Miller, state department of public instruction, hut he would still have to answer for his scholarship anfj behavior. lif exnlained that several ex n^r'rnents are under wav in the South whore no rpnort cards are TEACHERS on Page Two Hie Weather South Carolina—Mostly cloudy, cool lC\ rat^er windy Saturday, occasional rain or drizzle in West and South •’ohs Saturday morning followed by rv*1- cioudy and cooler Saturday - Sunday partly cloudy, warmer ln afternoon. n ^jrtn Carolina—Considerable cloudi *Sii and r°0i Saturday, occasional light £„,p or drizzle extreme West portion c! Urday morning. Sunday partly J warmer in afternoon. f>ndIfteorologica^ data for the 24 hours J 7:30 p. rn. Yesterday. Temperatures a. m. 66. 7:30 a. m. 66, 1:30 p. m,R; 7-30 p. m. 7.3. 3>.i!:ium 79, Minimum 64, Mean 72, normal 63. Humidity J J a. m. 98, 7:30 a. m. 95, 1:30 p. ’ 70> 7-30 p. m. 79. * . Precipitation ® for the 24 hours ending 7:30 P Tr- 0 inches. 5 “al sinc« the First of the month 84 inches. (Frn*r> *u TidCS F°r Today U <.-rn Tide Tables publisher by Coast and Geodetic. Survey), I,, High Low lngt°n __ 6:07 a m i:oi a m. ju 6:32 p. m. 1 :16 p- m. - n°oro Inlet 3:53 p. m. 10:15 a. m. iL 4:22 p. m. 10:47 p. m. E*lse Sunset 5:27; Moonrlse ** m. Moonset 2:04 a. m. BISHOP W. W. PEELE BISHOP TO SPEAK AT TWO CHURCHES Resident Area Leader Will Preach At Fifth, Grace Methodist Sunday Bishop W. W. Peele, resident bishop of the Richmond area of the Methodist church presiding over the North Carolina confer ence, will preach at Sunday morning services at Fifth Ave nue Methodist church, closing the week of services commemo rating the church’s centennial. Bishop Peele will preach at the Ffith Avenue church at 10:50 a.m. and will be the seventh speaker to address the congre ation in a full week of Centenni al services. At 8 o’clock Sunday evening Bishop Peele will preach at Grace Methodist church and the public has been invited to hear him. A native North Carolinian, tne bishop has served as pastor of some of the largest churches in North Carolina before being elected bishop in 1938. He at one time was teocher of the bible at Duke University. His sermon Sunday evening will mark Bishop Peele’s first visit to Grace Methodist church since the burning of the church building last March. SALONIKA POL E QUELL UPR NG Plot To Divide Northern Greek City Broken Up; 70 Arrested ATHENS, Oct. 24-An up rising that police said would have “plunged Salonika into chaos” has been prevented by the arrest of 70 persons in that Northern Greek port city, it was announced officially today. In addition to discovering plans for what they called a “Communist terrorist” rebellion in Salonika, the police said they seized a stock of grenades, dy namite, pistols, new automatic rifles, carbines, thousands of cartridges, swords, light mor tar shells and a few large shells. The plot was described as having divided Salonika into three sections, each with its own “terrorist” chiefs, instruct ors, executioners, saboteurs and technical advisors, all recruited from Communist organizations. Each group was heavily armed, some of those arrested had arms on their persons and others arrested at night had pistols under their pollows. the announcement said. Each of the three groups was said to have had specific ob jectives and the three programs were synchronized as a general offensive to “plunge Salonika in to chaos, darkness and panic and to paralyze the state machinery.” Dr. Crisp To Teach Smith Class At First Baptist Church Sunday According to Otto Pridgen, teacher of Dr. Smith’s class at The First Baptist church, Rev. James Crisp will be the guest teacher for the class tomorrow. Rev. Mr. Crisp is the new pastor of the Lake Forest Mission sponsored jointly by The First Baptist church and the State Baptist mission board. Dr. Smith’s class is conducting an attendance contest between the “Reds’ and the “Blues”; the record through last Sunday was a tie with a mutual score of 434. iSj^gPersons Lose Lives When Airliner ^Crashes, Burns In Bryce Canyon, Utah; Truman Calls For Curb On Inflation President Tells Nation Of Wishes Chief Executive To Recom mend Aid To Europe Prices Program WASHINGTON, Oct. 24—OT— President Truman called to night for “prompt and coura geous action” to stop inflation at home and to protect France and Italy against “totalitarian pressures.” He stopped short, however, of saying at this time what meas ures other than voluntary he will ask of Congress in the special session he has called to meet November 17. Mr. Truman broadcast to the nation one day after issuing the proclamation which will bring the lawmakers back to Wash ington a month and a half ahead of their regular session in January. “When it meets,” he said of Congress, “I shall recommend a program for dealing with in flation, high prices, and the high cost of living. Adequate measures — enacted in time — are necessary to correct the present situation.” Turning to toreign renet needs, he declared the United States policy has been and is “to assist free men and free nations to recover from the dev astation of war, to stand on their own feet, to help one an other, and to contribute their full share to a stable and last ing peace.” Action Needed “Timely and forthright ac tion,” he said, is needed to re lieve “hunger and cold abroad”. Mr. Truman gave this picture of emergency needs as he sees them: France — $357,000,000 to See PRESIDENT on Page Two BARUCHD0ESN0T FEAR SOVIET WAR Adviser To Presidents However, Says Nation Must Be Ready WASHINGTON, Oct. 24—fA3)— Bernard M. Baruch said today he does not expect war between Russia and the United States, but he declared that this country must be ready for anjdhing “forced upon us.” “Although the shooting war is over we are in the midst of a cold war which is getting warm er,” Baruch said as he told the Senate War Investigating com mittee that it is time to quit talk ing about the mistakes of the past two wars and face present prob lems. The Senate group has been asking a number of World War II officers why a detailed indus trial mobilization plan — which Baruch, financier and adviser to several presidents, drew up in World War I and helped revise later—was not put into operation. Baruch testified that failure to See BARUCH on Page Two ASHEVILLE POLICE HUNT BOLD BANDIT WHO STRIPPED MAN ASHEVILLE, Oct. 24—W— Law enforcement officers in thiis area were engaged tonight in a hunt for the man who cooly step ped into the automobile driven by Ira Dorn, salesman, on the streets of Gainesville, Ga., this morning, poked a gun into his ribs and forced him to drive to Asheville, where he put him afoot in the woods after stripping him of clothing. The car belonging to Dorn, to gether with his missing clothes, was found in the depot section here a few hours later after the kidnaper had managed to elude city police in a chase. j Ex-GI Seeks $100,000 For Towel In Stomach A former soldier who contends an Army surgeon left a towel inside him after an operation won today the first round in his suit to collect $100,000 from the government. Federal Judge W. Calvin Chesnut refused to consider a government argument it is not liable to a member of the armed forces for injuries due to the negligence of others on active military duty. The plaintiff is Arthur K. Jef ferson of Joppa, Md. He said in his petition the surgery was at Fort Belvoir, Va., in 1945 and that a second operation was necessary to remove a hand towel marked “U.S. Medi cal Department.” He still can not eat properly, he contended, and his abdominal organs were permanently injured. He did not* know the name of the surgeon. Jefferson sued under the “Tort Claims Act” passed by a recent Congress. In certain cases, it waives the govern See EX-G.I. On Page Two Forest Fires Take Toll Of 15 Lives FIREMEN STALLED OOLITIC, Ind., Oct. 24—OT —A dead battery prevented the Oolitic fire truck from re sponding to an alarm and Fire Chief Thomas Evans blamed i pre-Halloween prankster. Evans said someone had slipped into the fire house, turned on the truck lights and the battery had run down. A farmer’s barn was de stroyed when the truck failed to arrive. SAILORS ESCAPE FROM SHIP CRASH Thirty-Seven Taken Off Burning Oil Tanker Near Monterey, Calif. MONTEREY, Calif., Oct. 24 —m—Thirty-seven men of a crew of 38 escaped unhurt early today from a blazing oil tanker which burst into* flame follow ing a collision with a freighter on a fog-shrouded ocean. One man was missing. Coast Guard officers said he may have died in an explosion in the ship’s forward tank. Some 10 hours after the tank er Sparrows Point and the Ca nadian Motorship Manx Fisher crashed 15 miles off Point Sur, Capt. - Svend Nilsen of Long Beach and his men were able to reboard the ship. The fire had been extinguished by a Navy tug. The Manx Fisher was only slightly damaged and sub sequently proceeded on her course, escorted by the Coast Guard Cutter Minnetonka. Coast Guard .officers said ef forts were being made to get the Sparrows Point' under way, too, and that its emergency ra dio was operating in tests. 38 Men Listed Early reports said four men were feared lost. The Coast See SAILORS On Page Two LUNCHROOMS GET [SURPLUS SWEETS Over 9,000 Bushels Of Potatoes Now Being Dis tributed In State RALEIGH, Oct. 24 - More than 9,000 bushels of North Carolina-grown sweet po tatoes, purchased by the U. S. Department of Agriculture un der its mandatory price-sup porting program, are being dis tributed to school lunchrooms and welfare institutions within the state, Jay P. Davis, of the State Department of Agri culture, revealed here today. Davis said the potatoes were being purchased in the Curri tuck-Camden area and that 19 and one-half carloads had been distributed to points within the state. He said the State Depart ment of Agriculture has re quested eight additional car loads, which probably will be shipped within the next few days. A large part of the sweet po tatoes already distributed to lunchrooms and institutions will be sorted for use in the next few weeks, and urged lunch room sponsors and institutional officials to plan the canning of part of their allocations for lat er use, wherever food preserva tion facilities are available, as the type of potato being pur chased is not adapted to stor age. Famous Bar Harbor Sum mer Palaces Fall Prey To Uncontrolled Flames BAR HARBOR, Me., Oct. 24 —(5)—Like refugees of war, thousands of persons today fled this flame-wasted island colony of millionaire summer man sions to escape another night of the terror of raiding forest fires which took 15 lives in the na tion and burned a loss upwards of $26,000,000 across New Eng land. Maine—With six communities wiped out in addition to this devastated section of Mount Desert Island, vacation play ground of the rich—was still un der attack by four firefronts which were out of control. As the Army, Navy, Coast Guard and Red Cross rushed aid by plane, all available local agencies and persons were ral lying to help 3,500 evacuees who streamed out of Bar Harbor and other island areas in swift ly-gathered boats like a small scale Dunkerque. Outbreaks of woodland blazes flared elsewhere in the nation, in New York, New Jersey and Michigan and ranged up North of Maine into the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Closing of woods was ordered in parts of Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Wind Drop Is Hope Worn firefighters in the New England bad spots fought through their fifth day counting chiefly on a drop in 20-mile an hour winds as their best aid. Rain still remained only a hope in the six state area, drought gripped for 24 days. The Weather Bureau said only a See FOREST On Page Two AUXILIARY SETS POPPY SALE DATE VFW Women Will Direct Street Distribution Saturday, Nov. 8 The Ladies Auxiliary of James A. Manley Post 2573, Veterans of Foreign Wars, have set Saturday, November 8, as the date for their annual “Buddy Poppy Day”, it was announced yesterday by Mrs. E. C. Snead, a member of the committee. j This is the first year that the V. F. W. Auxiliary has taken charge of the distribution of approximately 10,000 'poppies. The poppies are made by dis abled veterans in various hos pitals throughout the United States and the donations re ceived by the Auxiliary will go into a fund for needy and dis abled veterans in the hos pitals. Volunteer girls from Wilming ton will sell the poppies to the citizens for any donation that they wish to give. 12-Hour Sale The poppies will go on sale Saturday morning at 7 o’clock and will continue until 7 o’clock Saturday night in the main thoroughfares of pedestrian traffic. Mrs. Snead said that girls be tween the ages of 14 to 18 who wish to volunteer a portion of their time in helping to sell the poppies, to please phone her at 4265, or the following other mem-, bers: Mrs. S. Zatkiewicz, 7893; Mrs. Ken Noble, 2-8850; and Mrs. H. W. Sass, 5681. She added that three prizes will be awarded to the girls making the highest number of sales. _ Along'The Cape Fear TREASURY’S FIRST ‘WATCHDOG’ — General James Iver McKay, early congressman representing North Carolina from the Cape Fear district, was the original “watchdog of the treasury,” a term that since has been applied to several statesmen. A state senator at the age of 23, McKay served in the senate five terms, was United States district attorney, was elected to congress in 1831, and served nine terms there before he vol untarily retired. It was as mem ber and finally chairman of the powerful ways and means com mittee that he earned his title as treasury “watchdog.” It was back in 1780 that Iver McKay, his wife, Ann Miller McKay, and their five children, left Scotland for the new world. They landed in Wilmington and made their way up the Cape Fear river to Bladen county as did so many of their country men. The achievements of their grandson, James Iver McKay, were celebrated and commemo rated in Bladen county 159 years after their arrival. The Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution unveiled a mark er to James I. McKay, states man, philanthropist, lawyer, farmer, and soldier. On a road side in Bladen, on the soil of one of his many plantations which was still in possession of the family, the marker was lo cated. The Battle of Elizabethtown chapter of the D.A.R. erected the marker and took charge of the dedication at which Dr. See CAPE FEAR On Page Two U. S. S. GYATT OFFICERS—Captain C. R. Tellefsen, right, com mander of the 2200 ton destroyer and Lieut. Jack Buescher, exe cutive officer, are shown in the Captain’s quarters aboard the vessel. The Gyatt will remain at the customhouse dock until early Tuesday morning. While here the ship and officers will take a big part in the Navy Day services. (Staff Photo by Roy Cook) Leaf Sales To End; Broughton Hits Ban Ex-Governor Tells Farm Meeting British Edict Is Farmers Threat ELIZABETHTOWN, Oct 24— W-Former Governor J. Melville Broughton told a Bladen county farm meeting today that “the edicit of the British government banning imports of American tobacco constitutes a serious threat to the economic welfare of North Carolina farmers.” “Coming suddenly and with out warning,” said Broughton, attorney for flue-cured tobacco warehousemen, “in the midst of the selling season, this dras tic order falls heavily and un fairly on those farmers who have not as yet had opportunity to sell any considerable portion of their tobacco. “This is no time for rash statements or ill-considered act ion. It would seem, however, that the British government, which has received most help ful and sympathetic considera tion from this nation and whose loan a year ago was unanimous ly endorsed by farmers through out this section, could have handled this situation in a less drastic manner. Acreage Allocated “Certainly there was every intimation that with this finan cing British pruchases of farm commodities would continue throughout this season at least on a substantially normal basis. Tobacco acreage which other wise would have been sharply reduced, was allocated on the See GOVERNOR On Page Two WOMAN’S LEAGUE GIVEN R LABEL Karen Morley Cited As Communist Teacher In Coast School WASHINGTON, Oct, 24—W)— Walt Disney told Congressional investigators today that Holly wood labor leader Herbert K. Sorrell, whom he “believes” to be a Communist, had boasted of using the National Labor Re lations Board “as it suited him.” The daddy of “Donald Duck” and “Mickey Mouse” movies testified at hearings on Com musism in Hollywood by the House Committee on Un Ameri can Activities. Disney sent a gasp through the audience when he included the League of Women Voters among Communist front organi zations. Also during today’s hearing: 1. Oliver Carlson, who said he once was a Communist and now teaches in the University of Cal ifornia Extension division, test ified that Actress Karen Mor ley and two lawyers who are keeping an eye on the Congres See WOMEN’S On Page Two Closing On All Belts Set For Tuesday Following Buyer Withdrawals By The Associated Press Withdrawal of representa tives of British companies from the flue-cured tobacco markets has resulted in the announce ment that all markets will sus pend sales indefinitely after the end of marketing on Tuesday (October 28). The absence of the United Kingdom buyers further accen tuated sales price average de clines yesterday on all markets, according to the Federal-State Departments of Agriculture. British representatives, chief ly from Export tobacco Com pany and Imperial tobacco Company of Great Britain and Ireland, Ltd., for years have purchased approximately 33 to 40 per cent, of the flue-cured offerings. These purchases principally have been for the leaf grades, or “B-type” tobacco, nowever, the British companies also have bought some smoking leaf of ferings of the “H-type” tobac co. Withdrawal of British pur chasing power scores a solar plexis blow for the second straight year to all tobacco growers, and the main force again was directed at the Old Belt, last of the markets to open for the season. Hurt Last Year The Old Belt last fall was hurt badly when an enforced sales holiday was declared Thanksgiving week, and lasted until last January 2 as result of a coal strike. The coal was needed in the re-drying plants for fuel. Without the fuel, the plants could not clear their or ders. Other belts were not so hard hit by the announcement of the closing of auction sales. The Federal Tobacco Marketing branch in Raleigh of the Pro See CLOSING On Page Two ALABAMA GOVERNOR ABOLISHES WHIPPING OF STATE PRISONERS MONTGOMERY, Ala., Oct. 24 —(/P)—Governor James E. Folsom today ordered flogging and all other forms of corporal punish ment abolished in Alabama pris ons. The governor said his order would be “universal except in extreme cases” and would remain in effect until he receives a re port from a legiislative commis sion to study prison conditions. The chief executive did not ex plain what would constitute “ex treme” cases. The prison administration has been criticized from time to time recently for whipping of convicts and a bill to prohibit corporal punishment at prisons was intro duced in the recent Alabama legislature but failed to pass. 31 Electrocuted And 150 Injured In Train Wreck LONDON, Oct. 24 _(U.R>—Thir tyone persons were electrocuted or smashed to death today and 150 injured when a speeding electric train packed with com muters and school children rena med into a fog-stalled passenger train during the morning rush on the outskirts of London. The terrific crash, worst in the history of the Southern Rail ways, ripped the bottom from one coach, dropping its stunned passengers on the electrically charged rail beneath where they died instantly. Bodies of other victims were thrown yards away as some wooden coaches in the pass enger train splintered under the impact. Two coaches were hurl ed to the edge of a high em bankment, but did not overturn. Rescue workers, including nearby residents and police summoned from sleep, trod in corridors slippery with blood to reach the dead and injured. Householders stripped the sheets from their beds and rip See ELECTROCUED on Page Two. Shattered Bodies Cover Wide Area Ill-Fated Ship Trail* Smoke, Flame 10 Miles Before Diving BRYCE CANYON, Utah, Oct. 24-(AP)-A United Airlines trans port plane carrying 52 persona smashed against a sloping hill side here today, scattering the shattered bodies and wreckage over a wide area. The four-engined craft, trailing smoke and flames for at least 10 miles before it crashed, vir tually disintegrated. A strip of sagebrush over 100 yards long and 50 yards wide was burned. The four engines, scorched and twisted, were thrown 200 to 300 feet beyond the burned area. The largest piece of the plane was a section of the tail, only 15 or 20 feet long. It was near the forward portion of the burned area. All the bodies were mangled and burned. Most were unrec ognizable. The transport was enroute from Los Angeles to New York city with only one stop — at Chicago — scheduled. Shortly before the crash the pilot reported by radio that fire had broken out in the plane's baggage compartment. He said he was turning back and would land at the emergency landing field here, adjacent to Bryce Canyon National Park in South ern Utah, about 275 miles South of Salt Lake City. The craft barely cleared the precipitous wall of a branch of Bryce Canyon. Then it plowed in to the sloping, sage-covered hill side, apparently exploded and burned. The bodies were scattered throughout the burned over area. Some — unexplainedly — were See BODIES on Page Two DEATHOFWHITE UNDER SCRUTINY Brunswick Sheriff Buried At Shallotte As In quiry Continues The body of the late Sheriff John White, of Brunswick coun ty, was buried at Shallotte yes terday afternoon, and Acting Sheriff John G. Caison, de clared last night that he still is investigating the circum stances surrounding White’s sudden death Wednesday after noon. In this connection, Caison is sued the following statement: “It was reported to me that there was some evidence of foul play when the sheriff died at Shallotte. I investigated the re port and interviewed some 50 persons in the area this after noon, (Friday). “Sheriff White was on his way down in the Gause Landing section, west of Shallotte, to serve some papers, subpoenas, jury duty calls and so forth. When he got to Burt Jacobs home, he complained of a se vere pain in the head, which he had had since Monday night —he got this injury while ar resting Conway. Asked For Aspirin “He drove up into the yard and Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Ja cobs’ mother, came out, and he asked her :f they had an aspirin tablet. He said that he had a severe pain in the head. Mrs. Jacobs got the aspirin and water. He took the aspirin and d'sked if he might lie down. They told him to go into the room adjoining the parlor and lie down. “Mrs. Jacobs or Mrs. Robin See WHITE on Page Two And So To Bed Since the word “psychic” has been muchly in the news hereabouts lately, it might not be amiss to say that the staff of the Star also might be termed clairvoyants of a sort. Last night a reader of News called and asked for help in figuring out his fortune in the “Daily Fortune Finder” panel that runs in The News. It so happened that when this panel was made in New York, the artist used an “S” instead of an “R” in this particular person's daily for-, tune. After a few minutes of figuring, the Fortune Telling Editor figured it out, and the reader was happy.