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Homing #tar rth Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star*News R. B. Page, Publisher__ Telephone All Departments 2-2311 tered as Second Class Matter at Wil Bgton, N. C. Post Office Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 UBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi ne Star News nation Peek -.4 -30 $ .25 $ .50 lonth _ 1 30 1.10 2.15 fonths i .- 3.90 3.25 6.50 lonths - 7.80 6.50 13.00 'ear _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 »va rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) SINGLE COPY mington News-5c ming Star —.-• .-—5c >day Star-News „...-.10c iy Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance tooths_$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 lonths_ 5.00 4.00 7.70 [ear .. 10.00 8.00 15.40 ihove rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) __ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) lonths $1.85 6 Months $3.70 Year $7.40 iMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS t Associated Press is entitled exclusive to the use for republication of all local rs printed in this newspaper, as well as : all AP news dispatches._ ~ FRIDAY7 NOVEMBER 7, 1947 Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored n proportion with its resources, to in dude public terminals, tobacco stor age warehouses, ship repair facilities, jearby sites for heavy industry and 15-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to negt needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and bod processing, pulp wood production ind factories Emphasis on the region’s recrea tion advantages and improvement of -esort accommodations Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri mary roads, with a paved highway from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued effort to attract more in lustries. .Proper utilization of Bluethenthal lirport for expanding air service. Development oi Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially n counties lacking hospitals, and in tfuding a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of wmmercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County [overrun ents. GOOD MORNING Who foils to grieve when just occa l calls or grieves too much, deserves to be blest: inhuman, or effeminate, heart. Distinguished Visitors rilmington is to be signally honored by visit of two distinguished bishops of Protestant Episcopal church for a mis i next week, starting at St. James rch on Sunday and closing the follow Sunday at St. John’s, he Rt. Rev. Henry Knox Sherrill, D. D., liding bishop, and the Rt. Rev. Karl ’gar. Block, D. D., bishop of California, be the speakers, and in addition tc ices, at the city’s four Episcopal rches there will be a dinner meeting at First Presbyterian church on Thursday, uring the recent war Bishop Sherrill chairman of the Army and Navy com lion of the church and traveled both this country and abroad, speaking to jdains and members of the armed for As Bishop of Massachusetts attained ■aordinary popularity as an evangelical icher. lihop Block, who was formerly, on the ilty of the University of Washington, became head of the Episcopal church California in 1938, is widely known as •loquent speaker. beir coming closely follows the session he House of Bishops in Winston-Salem, mington is happy to share the distinc thus bestowed upon North Carolina. Time Out oncerning the British withdrawal from American tobacco market and the ad iitration’s position in supporting tobac it a fixed price, Time magazine in its ent issue exonerates speculators of all onsibility for higher prices, declaring “in tobacco, as in most commodities, villian was demand.” is interesting to note the trend of this he-ground comment by a magazine eh must form its opinions by hearsay, i Time: 'o save dollars, Britain, the biggese for buyer of U. S. flue-cured tobacco (54 cent of all flue-cured exports last year), iptly canceled $25 million of scheduled chases, The price, which had already n after earlier cancellations, began to ■oach the level at which the Govern t is required to support it. Tobacco rets shut down while Washington made Is mind what to do. Then Washington red why anyone who gambles in com ities has the odds—and the Government his side. Fnder the parity program, the Depari t of Agriculture was already commit to support tobacco at 39.50 a lb. It had meed $60 million in loans to tobacco ters who needed cash, but did not want ell their crop. (They hoped the price it go higher.) When the British with r, the Administration went further to ort tobacco prices. ecretary of Agriculture Anderson an iced that the Commodity Credit Corp. win spend about $25 million to finance the tobaccomen who had been buying. flue-cur ed tobacco for the British, for example, if a buyer had 10,000,000 lbs. in British orders to place and had bought only 7,000, 000 lbs., CCG would finance the remaining 3,000,000 lbs. In effect, the plan made the buyers agents for the Agriculture Depart ment. If the buyers cannot sell their tobac co, the Department will take it off their hands. “As another prop under high prices, the Department decided to set smaller market ing quotas for next year’s crop. Less tobac co will keep prices where they are or boosf them higher. Said one Department of Agriculture expert: “We’ll make a profit on every bit we buy.” As sb often happens when a viewpoint is one-sided, Time overlooks the conse quences to the South’s tobacco growers if the portion of the crop still unsold when Britain stopped buying had lacked federal support. The effect would have been like what happened when 6-cent cotton all but bankrupted Dixie. MacArthur or Eisenhower It is to be noted that General MacAr thur is creeping back into the news as a potential republican presidential possibili ty. Although the General in effect has twice declared in his precise way that he “does not choose to run,” there is no rea son to assume that he would refuse to be drafted if sufficient pressure were applied. It may be significant that in all probabil ity he will return to the United States during next May. Certainly no better time could be selected, if he has any intention of allowing his frieiids to present his name at the party convention the following month. Should this be done—and it is obvious that certain of his influential admirers propose to do it—what about General Eisenhower, who is also a potential repub lican candidate for the presidency? To be sure, General Eisenhower has repeatedly de clared that he does not covet political pre ferment. But he has also carefully let it be known that any man is privileged to change his mind, thus leaving the way open for drafting him. Here are two outstanding military he roes, either of whom would prove an ef ficient vote getter, but it is not to be sup posed the republican leadership would risk the consequences of a convention floor fight for either. And assuredly both are astute enough to realize that they would hurt their standing with the public by be ing a party to any such competition. There is but one aspect of the republi can convention picture that seems fairly clear this early, if one or the other should be brought forward. This is that other avowed and potential candidates would not stand a ghost of a chance for the nomina tion, and probably would be reduced to mustering their strength for the vice presi dential place on the ticket. Puerto Rico Next year will be the 50th since we gave Spain $20,000,000 for its claims to a mis erable, poverty-stricken, overpopulated island named Puerto Rico. We have con trolled it through five decades, during which the American standard of living has become the envy of the world. But Puerto Rico has not shared in our country’s amazing progress. It remains what it was when we took it from Spain— miserable, backward, degraded, poverty stricken, and even more densely over-pop ulated than before. The job that we did in preparing the Philippines for independence is one of which we are justly proud. Our success there makes even more tragic our utter failure in Puerto Rico. We have extended public education be yond the capital city of San Juan, but so poorly that for practical purposes most Puerto Ricans are illiterate. We have im proved medical facilities and saved lives, but we have left those we kept alive in a cesspool of filth, immorality and malnu trition. They have become so miserable that hundreds of thousands of bare-footed ji baros, hearing of the great mother-land, have staked every penny they could raise on charter plane fare to New York. A few settle in smaller cities or on farms, but most arrive with from $10 to $40 in their pockets, stop at a public welfare station to register for relief, and flock into New York’s most congested slums. The problems they bring to New York are New York’s. The Puerto Rican degrada tion from which they flee is a national pro blem and a national disgrace. There is no simple, easy cure for the terrible conditions we have permitted to continue and worsen in our Caribbean de pendency. In a feeble, ineffective way we jiave meant well. We have poured considerable relief money in, and spent more on war time defense projects. We have exempted Puerto Rico from the federal income tax, to give the insular legislature more leeway, and we permit the island to retain its own customs receipts. It has full benefit of cus toms-free export to the States, of course. But these things are only mustard plast ers, We haven’t done anything curative. Because Puerto Rico is off in the Carib bean, where few Americans see its slums and its disease-ridden people, we haven’t let it worry us. 1 Now they are bringing their misery, their poverty and their diseases to our home shores. And it is no use blaming them; they have a perfect right to come. It’s no use blaming the charter plane oper ators; they have a perfect right to bring them. We have nobody to blame but our selves, as a nation, for letting Puerto Rico and its people get into the circumstances they are in. We let the chickens run loose. Now they’re coming home to roost—tubercular, hook-wormy, syphilitic, with a touch of ty phoid and more than a touch of dysentery; illiterate, unmoral, without the slightest conception of the rudest sanitation. If we don’t like what they bring us, it’s high time we tackled a clean-up job in Puerto Rico. As Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK FEGLIR Copyright by King Features Syndicate, Inc. WASHINGTON, Nov. 6.—Come, let us “go Hollywood” in our nation’s capital. Put yourself in my lucky place, if you can, on the same floor with the whole shipload of some of the most glamorous celebrities of the dream World of make-believe, such as gorgeous June Havoc, who is a certain par ty’s nomination for Miss Constitution of the U.S.A. for 1947. Heh-heh-heh. I foxed them. When I said she was a certain party’s nomination I bet they thought I was going to say the com munist party and then they would sue me for calling her a communist. But I am too clever. Maybe I am “that certain party” myself. But I must change the subject away from Miss June Havoc or people will say we’re in love and politics makes strange metaphors, so let us talk about glamorous, comical Danny Kaye, the comedian. Danny Kaye is a fighter in the com mandos of the home front against intoler ance. He did not give exactly his all for freedom of speech during the war. He was waiting until the checks were down right here in freedom’s citadel when ”our brave boys” had stacked arms and the skulking forces of disunity would try to poison neighbor against neighbor. That is how he happened to fly down here with the Holly wood shock troops for freedom to fight the Thomas committee on un-American activities to the dying ditch. He and Humphrey Bogart and the glamorous beau ties. Danny didn’t give exactly his all dur ing the war, but ever since then he has been more and more belligerent against the nazi minded red-baiters at home. He has been active in the sort of political pustules called progressive groups. He attracts many bobby soxers hoping to hear him discourse his unique and peculiar specialty which goes "blag-ab-ab-ab.” Don’t ask me how he hit upon it. Can genius blue-print inspiration? Danny Kaye was born David Daniel Kaminsky in Brooklyn. During the war he did a movie called “The Kid From Brook lyn” while 330,000 other kids from Brook lyn were in the war one way or another. The neighbors around the Brownsville sec non, wmcn is a Kina or poor neignnornooa, didn't think he was typical. His draft board kept on marking him 1-A by a vote of 4 to 0 and his appeal board marked him 1-A, also by 4 to 0, but after he had spent three days at Fort jay, kind of long for a physical and mental, in December, 1943, the doctors scored him 4-F. The U.S.O. put in for him to go out as an entertainer, but the local board said: “Nope, with us he is Still 1-A.” The appeal board said: “same here.” Then one night an unusual thing hap pened. The appeal board had just voted 1-A, by 4 to 0, when a messenger came with an urgent letter from the local, wanting his folder right back, without waiting for the mail. The appeal had been withdrawn from Washington. No action was to be taken by the appeal board. So the appeol board arew a line right across the whole entry, killing the refusal out of record. The papers went back to the local. That was the last that was heard of Danny Kaye around those parts. General McDermott, the state draft di rector, says Danny showed the right spirit about the camp shows. The U. S. A. re ported that seven entertainers had been killed in one area where his bookings were to take him. Nevertheless, local 229 insisted that if he went at all he must go in a soldier suit like the rest of the kids from Brooklyn. And they wrote that “the best interests of the country would not be served by this . registrant being permitted to entertain members of the armed forces.” “Neither his physical nor his mental condition or attitude tends to show that the morale of the armed forces would be bene fitted by his performance before them as a civilian,” they said. “Neither his physical condition nor his mental attitude—” “Mental attitude—” General McDermott says some very important Hollywood interests were putting in for Danny to work in comical make-be lieve to lift the spirits of those 330,000 kids from Brooklyn and their anxious, loved ones at home. But don’t think the clown laughs all the time. He has a lot of Hamlet in him, too. And so we find Danny fighting for free dom even against the Congress which ac tually personifies the American people and on the side of a lot of glamorous Hollywood figures who certainly do seem to be com munists. Now come behind the scenes with me, Cinderella, ere the clock strikes 12 and our adventure in the realm* of glamour comes to an end. * The waiter cames to my room and we ask is it true that these rich Hollywood celebrities tip higher than a cat’s back? He scowls and then he says: “They had a $70 lunch bill. This committee in Holly wood pays for it. One of the actors signs for it, but the committee pays. It took three waiters three hours to serve them. They had sandwiches, coffee and coca cola for 25 people, and they signed for a $6 tip. “In one party they had a $37 liquor bill. Humphrey Bogart told some other fel low to sign the bill. ‘Treat the boy right,’ Bogart says. The waiter was there nearly two hours. The guy signed for a $1 tip. “Today there was an order for $11 worth of drinks. Bogart signed. He turned his back to sign. For the waiter, 50 cents. Dont forget, we have to share tips with the busboys. It isn’t so much that they are really rude to you. They act as though there was nobody there but them. They make you feel like you didn’t exist. “I don’t care who you tell. Them is my sentiments.” The lower classes, you see? Getting out or hand, really. "Clank.” ’Ti* the clock striking the witching hour and we must awake from our dream of enchantment in the romantic, never-never land of make-believe. Quotations The atomic activities of the U. S. under mine the faith of people in UN declara tions—Andrei Vishinsky, USSR delegate to UN. If the total program of the men in power today is advice to eat less—we shall eat less and less and less as inflation increases and a depression is made inevitbale. —. Henry A. Wallace. «ir. (w oi Mass. We shall have most regretfully to tell mi r American j _n lUiiiiCi. pwwt wcujr OJl war, I “PYRRHIC VICTORY” "PYRRHIC VICTORY" -rfbttfru.—. /'^fi/rt/tf06OTAt£7Z \ l6t)R Ml MM* ) to 60 06 Reiter! J i&ht&KGS The Creeping Terror BY JOSEPH ALSOP PRAGUE, Nov. 4. — In con trast to the rest of Europe, the surface of life here is wonder fully bustling and. prosperous. Prague’s baroque palaces and nodern suburbs could still do vith a lick of paint. But the shops are full of goods. The streets are jammed with traf fic. And the people are down right fat. Beneath this happy surface, lowever, an ominous and tragic fact is only half con realed. Czechoslovakia is in the grip of a creeping terror. Since the end of the war, this ias been a show place for op timists. It has been the place vhere Communists ruled like Democrats, where East and West could meet without an in ;ervening iron curtain, where hu nan freedom Survived in the shadow of Soviet power. That period is coming to an end. Within a few months, un less drastic counter - measures are taken, the iron curtain will clank down with finality. The terror, now creeping under ground, will be open and un ashamed. Czechoslovakia will know the fate of Hungary, of Poland, of Romania and Bul garia. It seems incredible that a free dom- loving people, Western in habit and tradition, should ac cept such a fate when there are no Soviet troops in Czechoslova kia. But the Czechs bear deep scars of national neurosis from the experience of the last eight years. All of them are conscious that the Soviet armies in Ger many are deployed along their borders. As for their govern ment, President Benes, the be loved link with the past, is aged Keeping It Simple BY PETER EDSON WASHINGTON—If a bunch of lawyers and a batch of econo mists were cast away on a iesert island, it would be even money which group would talk ihe other to death. The odds should probably be given to the ;conomists, though, because awyers eventually come to the point. Economists, however, ramble all over the lot, take iwice as many words as neces sary to say anything, and final y hedge around with ifs, may les and on-the-other-hands. This observation is made aft ;r taking one look and then unning fast from Volume II of he Marshall Plan report from he 16-nation Committee of Eu opean Economic Co- operation, irawn up at Paris. When Under Secretary of State R o b ert A. Lovett re marked the other day that the Marshall Plan “was now con fused by an excessive amount if figures,’’ he said a mouthful and he wasn’t kidding. At first, he said, they didn’t lave enough figures to make any intelligent decisions on how much aid was needed 6r how much the U. S. could give. But low, “they have so much stuff it’s indigestible.” Secretary Lovett hopes that, »vpnt.uallv. the Fhirnnpan Re coVery Plan can be set up simply. It will have to stay out }f what he calls “the miasma !>f statistcis,” where it is today. There are now four Volumes Df studies on the Marshall Plan. A fifth, frbm Secretary of Com merce Harriman’s Committee af 19 big-shot businessmen, is pet to come. And Congress, with its million# of words of reports and hearings and reams of de bate, is still to be heard from. The infant Marshall Plan runs the risk of being suffocated by its own swaddling clothes of ex position and oratory before it even gets born. Volume four in this documen tation is the President’s Council af Economic Advisers’ report. It was released under the snap py little title of “The Impact of Foreign Aid Upon the Do mestic Economy.” It’s about as simple as these things can prob ably be made. This seems to be what the Council of Eco nomic Advisers say: The purpose of the Marshall Plan is to lay the foundations for a stable wprld economy. * Any aid giwm to Europe will be less than the war and post war programs. It should there fore be a reduced strain on the country. In 1943 and 1944, 40 per cent of American produc tion went to war. In the first half of 1947, less than 10 per cent has gone overseas. The effect of this export pro gram on the average American citizen has not been too tough. Per capita consumption of meat, fruits and breakfast cere als is higher now than before or during the war. Consumption of milk, eggs, poultry, vege tables and wheat is not as high as in wartime, but it is higher than prewar. Aid to Europe will exert some upward pressure on prices, but this pressure will be reduced in succeeding years. inree grave uaiigeis cue pointed out. Some low-income families cannot now afford to buy enough to eat. High prices will lead to a demand for higher wages. Higher prices will cut down foreign purchasing power. The problem is to prevent price rises from spiraling into a further inflationary movement. Some control will have to be put over the uses of food and steel. Wheat will have to be confined to humans and not fed to animals. Sending scrap iron abroad, as requested by the Eu ropeans, is illogical. Bottlenecks in the production and distribution of coal and fertilizer will have to be broken. Farm and industrial machinery will have to be allocated to Eu rope to increase her production and stop her demands on the U. S. for food and materials. The ERP is going to cost Americans some money. Taxes won’t have to be any higher than they are now, but they can’t be made any lower right away if the budget is kept balanced. The idea of paying for European aid by borrowing and increasing the national debt is rejected. On the question of repayment, the Council of Economic Ad visers does a little ducking. It says there is now no way to measure Europe’s ability to re pay. But it indicates the advis ability of making part of the aid an outright gift. Another portion of the aid might be paid for in the money of the receiv ing countries. What would be done with that foreign currency could be left to future settle ment. The failure to authorize any aid programs at all would be likely to spell industrial paraly sis for some countries. This might bounce back on the U. & and ailing. The Foreign Minis ter with a great name, Jan Ma saryk, is a paunchy man who makes jokes. And since the last election, the real control has been in the hands of the Communists led by Prime Min ister Gottwald. Long ago, the Commun ists made their preparations for the event that is now occurring. At the head of the army, they placed General Svoboda, com mander of the Czechoslovak corps in Russia during the war, rumored holder of a party card, and in any case, a man who knows which side of his bread is buttered. Almost without ex ception, he has passed over Western-experienced Czech offi cers and promoted those who have Russian association. Above all, the army’s counter intelligence corps, which is real ly a secret service, has come under the domination of Com munists or men who will do their bidding. The army is infiltrated and neutralized. The Information Ministry in overtly Communist hands, is ready to blare propa ganda through Soviet-style loud speakers in every town. Most de cisive of all, the Ministry of the Interior, headed by the Com munist Nosek, has transformed all branches of the national po lice into service organizations of the party. With complete con trol of the labor unions, and a considerable number of armed partisans, the Communists thus hold all the trumps for any game of coup d’ etat. To be sure, these trumps have long been in Communist hands. But until recently even the more Westernminded Communists, like Prime Minister Gottwald and the Deputy Foreign Minister Kle mentis, seem to have believed that their role was to play the game the Western way. Czecho slovakia is economically depend ent on its links with the West. When the Marshall plan was an nounced, Czech Communists and non-Communists alike voted un animously to send a delegation to the preparatory conference in Body May Hold I Virus For Lif, I BY WILLIAM A. O’Brien ^ I Viruses cause a differ,, ’ I uety of infection than S v" I A single virus produces V hsease, but the infectS* °n* I ppear in one of several f msy I Viruses cannot be sJn °Trns- 1 t? ordinary microscope Jin.dor 1 t0° small. Today ,,-?,,t ey I gelopment of high-spi,e‘h ‘he tn,ge and the electron 1 n' viruses can he ^lcr°' graced and their Phota' stu^d. Their presence]T'*'* pecte in patjents h - m. ar^ bitena cannot be^Cf* andse^^i^-thebd, tissue, te unusual liv,n? the preset ti ‘ ^ at common ,ld virus ne body cells f th nl *s the ~ at birth, ai ]iv nd throat time as a lts entire life, time as a lraSite. A . '?* cording to t, theo jsCold' «c up m cells containing :rf; virus, and nori ne,„ ir* Some virus cau.p , • which they in,de ‘ ,;le cessively. The^m™ grow *x. a virus inf echo. and th W“J * sive cell growth the 7a , Other viruses rinni„ stroy the cells. "P 7 Dr, dp this reaction is innti‘vmple r,i sis, in which the'J1* W or kills the cells lnjurps cord. Recovery dei,j'e >pin:d number that have n> uS on manently destroyed. cn per' When viruses entei>up , they go directly from p. ,bod7 stream to the cells w! ,f)n' burrow in. Treatment e, h^y given before the virus J be had a chance to do this „ f5 is given afterwards it is f ll, value. Sulfa drugs and cillin do not cure leni' infections although thev mlr,US given because of the possi ‘.3e that both germs and viruses causing the infection. Special viruses are the ca, of measles German meas smallpox chickenpox vacciri (vaccination) mumps, mfluen infectious mononucleosis jj common cold, yellow fever po I liomyelitis, shingles, hydroph0. bia, encephalitis, diarrhea in in. fants, epidemics of vomiting jn flammation of the liver, p’neu. monia and trachoma (granu lated eyelids) to mention but a few. Although science is more successful in preventing these in fections than in treating them we may look forward to the time when cures will be ava l" able. Paris. This occupied interestingly enough, alter the Czechs had been assured that Poland would do likewise by a visiting group from Warsaw, includng influen tial Communists members of the Polish government. As every one now blows, the Czechs learned their e-ror from Stalin in person. At Moscow, Gottwald had his heac washed by the Generalissimo. Under the implied threat of ruptur- of the Czech-Soviet alliance, the whole cabinet voted unanimous! to re verse its previous 'unani mous vote. In the strets of Prague, people talked of "the new Munish.” The incident how ed the Czechs how far the- in dependence was impaired, fhat was far more important, itilso showed Moscow that some sjrit of independence remained at 1-a gue. The order is now knownto have gone out at once, "Put te screws on.” The screws are i today. The major manifestatic of this fact so far has been th arrest of a large numbe of members of the Slovak demo cratic party on charges of col laboration with “Fascist refugee wreckers.” The atmosphere of terror is already tangible. Already lead ing non-Communist Czechs are known to be considering flight. And this is only the beginning of the story. All competent authori ties here, foreign and Czech, have privately agreed that the end will come with the open sup pression of Czechoslovakia! hardly re-won independence, un less those who love their liber ties act in the interval in self defense. They must do so be fore next spring, the time of the elections for which the pres ent terror is intended to pre pare. COPYRIGHT, 1947 NEW YOU* HERALD TRIBUNE INC Why A Marshall Plan? An Editorial From The Christian Science Monitor The United States frontier has not receded in the years since Americans discovered it to be “on the Rhine.” That historic phrase was not a slogan of imperialism. Nor is the American endeavor to hold a line for freedom as far east as the Greek and Turkish bor ders an act of imperialism to day. It is an act of friendship for people who cherish liber ties which Americans share and who are linked with Americans into a global system of defense for those liberties. But it is not an act of sheer altruism. Western Europe is, economically, politically and strategically, an area of pro found concern for Americans. Many Americans know this. But too many still do not. Reports based on interviews with hun dreds of citizens in 22 states indicate an increasing resist ance to Europe’s demands for aid. Even at the same time, how ever, a Gallup poll reports that about two thirds of those ques tioned on United States policy toward Russia consider it too soft, if anything. A similar cross section approves of Sec retary Marshall’s efforts to i withstand Soviet pressures " Europe. The Marshall Plan is "r‘ most promising strategy avaf able for preventing Rns.:--' domination of Western Europe, for keeping Communist u®'' ence off the shores of bne • _ lantic, for preserving W'ester Europe as a trading area which economic laws instead ■ - political dictates will determ the flow of trade and the velopment of industry This is a plan to helu reb--- j an international community which American ideals | have the^freest possible P The alternative is to let RU;" ’ rebuild that community in ta Soviet image. Even under the best af c' cumstances this comm® will not be a “perfect w'®‘c, Reports of wasteful hoardir? I' American aid in Greece, ol stacles to private shipments'" materials to A m e r i c8 “ ’ owned factories in other ^ tries, of graft and ingratit®^ these are diverting Am*ria,j‘ attention from the main Pp,l1’ That point is that aid to - rope is first of all in Amer;"' own interest.