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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, November 07, 1947, Image 4

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JgUmingtott
Homing #tar
rth Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star*News
R. B. Page, Publisher__
Telephone All Departments 2-2311
tered as Second Class Matter at Wil
Bgton, N. C. Post Office Under Act of
Congress of March 3, 1879
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rs printed in this newspaper, as well as
: all AP news dispatches._
~ FRIDAY7 NOVEMBER 7, 1947
Star Program
State ports with Wilmington favored
n proportion with its resources, to in
dude public terminals, tobacco stor
age warehouses, ship repair facilities,
jearby sites for heavy industry and
15-foot Cape Fear river channel.
City auditorium large enough to
negt needs for years to come.
Development of Southeastern North
Carolina agricultural and industrial
resources through better markets and
bod processing, pulp wood production
ind factories
Emphasis on the region’s recrea
tion advantages and improvement of
-esort accommodations
Improvement of Southeastern North
Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri
mary roads, with a paved highway
from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is
land.
Continued effort to attract more in
lustries.
.Proper utilization of Bluethenthal
lirport for expanding air service.
Development oi Southeastern North
Carolina’s health facilities, especially
n counties lacking hospitals, and in
tfuding a Negro Health center.
Encouragement of the growth of
wmmercial fishing.
Consolidation of City and County
[overrun ents.
GOOD MORNING
Who foils to grieve when just occa
l calls or grieves too much, deserves
to be blest: inhuman, or effeminate,
heart.
Distinguished Visitors
rilmington is to be signally honored by
visit of two distinguished bishops of
Protestant Episcopal church for a mis
i next week, starting at St. James
rch on Sunday and closing the follow
Sunday at St. John’s,
he Rt. Rev. Henry Knox Sherrill, D. D.,
liding bishop, and the Rt. Rev. Karl
’gar. Block, D. D., bishop of California,
be the speakers, and in addition tc
ices, at the city’s four Episcopal
rches there will be a dinner meeting at
First Presbyterian church on Thursday,
uring the recent war Bishop Sherrill
chairman of the Army and Navy com
lion of the church and traveled both
this country and abroad, speaking to
jdains and members of the armed for
As Bishop of Massachusetts attained
■aordinary popularity as an evangelical
icher.
lihop Block, who was formerly, on the
ilty of the University of Washington,
became head of the Episcopal church
California in 1938, is widely known as
•loquent speaker.
beir coming closely follows the session
he House of Bishops in Winston-Salem,
mington is happy to share the distinc
thus bestowed upon North Carolina.
Time Out
oncerning the British withdrawal from
American tobacco market and the ad
iitration’s position in supporting tobac
it a fixed price, Time magazine in its
ent issue exonerates speculators of all
onsibility for higher prices, declaring
“in tobacco, as in most commodities,
villian was demand.”
is interesting to note the trend of this
he-ground comment by a magazine
eh must form its opinions by hearsay,
i Time:
'o save dollars, Britain, the biggese for
buyer of U. S. flue-cured tobacco (54
cent of all flue-cured exports last year),
iptly canceled $25 million of scheduled
chases, The price, which had already
n after earlier cancellations, began to
■oach the level at which the Govern
t is required to support it. Tobacco
rets shut down while Washington made
Is mind what to do. Then Washington
red why anyone who gambles in com
ities has the odds—and the Government
his side.
Fnder the parity program, the Depari
t of Agriculture was already commit
to support tobacco at 39.50 a lb. It had
meed $60 million in loans to tobacco
ters who needed cash, but did not want
ell their crop. (They hoped the price
it go higher.) When the British with
r, the Administration went further to
ort tobacco prices.
ecretary of Agriculture Anderson an
iced that the Commodity Credit Corp.
win spend about $25 million to finance the
tobaccomen who had been buying. flue-cur
ed tobacco for the British, for example,
if a buyer had 10,000,000 lbs. in British
orders to place and had bought only 7,000,
000 lbs., CCG would finance the remaining
3,000,000 lbs. In effect, the plan made the
buyers agents for the Agriculture Depart
ment. If the buyers cannot sell their tobac
co, the Department will take it off their
hands.
“As another prop under high prices, the
Department decided to set smaller market
ing quotas for next year’s crop. Less tobac
co will keep prices where they are or
boosf them higher. Said one Department of
Agriculture expert:
“We’ll make a profit on every bit we
buy.”
As sb often happens when a viewpoint
is one-sided, Time overlooks the conse
quences to the South’s tobacco growers if
the portion of the crop still unsold when
Britain stopped buying had lacked federal
support. The effect would have been like
what happened when 6-cent cotton all but
bankrupted Dixie.
MacArthur or Eisenhower
It is to be noted that General MacAr
thur is creeping back into the news as a
potential republican presidential possibili
ty. Although the General in effect has
twice declared in his precise way that he
“does not choose to run,” there is no rea
son to assume that he would refuse to be
drafted if sufficient pressure were applied.
It may be significant that in all probabil
ity he will return to the United States
during next May. Certainly no better time
could be selected, if he has any intention
of allowing his frieiids to present his name
at the party convention the following
month.
Should this be done—and it is obvious
that certain of his influential admirers
propose to do it—what about General
Eisenhower, who is also a potential repub
lican candidate for the presidency? To be
sure, General Eisenhower has repeatedly de
clared that he does not covet political pre
ferment. But he has also carefully let it be
known that any man is privileged to change
his mind, thus leaving the way open for
drafting him.
Here are two outstanding military he
roes, either of whom would prove an ef
ficient vote getter, but it is not to be sup
posed the republican leadership would risk
the consequences of a convention floor
fight for either. And assuredly both are
astute enough to realize that they would
hurt their standing with the public by be
ing a party to any such competition.
There is but one aspect of the republi
can convention picture that seems fairly
clear this early, if one or the other should
be brought forward. This is that other
avowed and potential candidates would not
stand a ghost of a chance for the nomina
tion, and probably would be reduced to
mustering their strength for the vice presi
dential place on the ticket.
Puerto Rico
Next year will be the 50th since we gave
Spain $20,000,000 for its claims to a mis
erable, poverty-stricken, overpopulated
island named Puerto Rico. We have con
trolled it through five decades, during
which the American standard of living has
become the envy of the world.
But Puerto Rico has not shared in our
country’s amazing progress. It remains
what it was when we took it from Spain—
miserable, backward, degraded, poverty
stricken, and even more densely over-pop
ulated than before.
The job that we did in preparing the
Philippines for independence is one of
which we are justly proud. Our success
there makes even more tragic our utter
failure in Puerto Rico.
We have extended public education be
yond the capital city of San Juan, but so
poorly that for practical purposes most
Puerto Ricans are illiterate. We have im
proved medical facilities and saved lives,
but we have left those we kept alive in a
cesspool of filth, immorality and malnu
trition.
They have become so miserable that
hundreds of thousands of bare-footed ji
baros, hearing of the great mother-land,
have staked every penny they could raise
on charter plane fare to New York. A few
settle in smaller cities or on farms, but
most arrive with from $10 to $40 in their
pockets, stop at a public welfare station
to register for relief, and flock into New
York’s most congested slums.
The problems they bring to New York
are New York’s. The Puerto Rican degrada
tion from which they flee is a national pro
blem and a national disgrace.
There is no simple, easy cure for the
terrible conditions we have permitted to
continue and worsen in our Caribbean de
pendency.
In a feeble, ineffective way we jiave
meant well. We have poured considerable
relief money in, and spent more on war
time defense projects. We have exempted
Puerto Rico from the federal income tax,
to give the insular legislature more leeway,
and we permit the island to retain its own
customs receipts. It has full benefit of cus
toms-free export to the States, of course.
But these things are only mustard plast
ers, We haven’t done anything curative.
Because Puerto Rico is off in the Carib
bean, where few Americans see its slums
and its disease-ridden people, we haven’t let
it worry us. 1
Now they are bringing their misery,
their poverty and their diseases to our
home shores. And it is no use blaming
them; they have a perfect right to come.
It’s no use blaming the charter plane oper
ators; they have a perfect right to bring
them. We have nobody to blame but our
selves, as a nation, for letting Puerto Rico
and its people get into the circumstances
they are in.
We let the chickens run loose. Now
they’re coming home to roost—tubercular,
hook-wormy, syphilitic, with a touch of ty
phoid and more than a touch of dysentery;
illiterate, unmoral, without the slightest
conception of the rudest sanitation.
If we don’t like what they bring us, it’s
high time we tackled a clean-up job in
Puerto Rico.
As Pegler Sees It
By WESTBROOK FEGLIR
Copyright by King Features Syndicate, Inc.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6.—Come, let us
“go Hollywood” in our nation’s capital. Put
yourself in my lucky place, if you can, on
the same floor with the whole shipload of
some of the most glamorous celebrities of
the dream World of make-believe, such as
gorgeous June Havoc, who is a certain par
ty’s nomination for Miss Constitution of the
U.S.A. for 1947.
Heh-heh-heh. I foxed them. When I said
she was a certain party’s nomination I bet
they thought I was going to say the com
munist party and then they would sue me
for calling her a communist. But I am too
clever. Maybe I am “that certain party”
myself.
But I must change the subject away
from Miss June Havoc or people will say
we’re in love and politics makes strange
metaphors, so let us talk about glamorous,
comical Danny Kaye, the comedian.
Danny Kaye is a fighter in the com
mandos of the home front against intoler
ance. He did not give exactly his all for
freedom of speech during the war. He was
waiting until the checks were down right
here in freedom’s citadel when ”our brave
boys” had stacked arms and the skulking
forces of disunity would try to poison
neighbor against neighbor. That is how he
happened to fly down here with the Holly
wood shock troops for freedom to fight
the Thomas committee on un-American
activities to the dying ditch. He and
Humphrey Bogart and the glamorous beau
ties.
Danny didn’t give exactly his all dur
ing the war, but ever since then he has been
more and more belligerent against the nazi
minded red-baiters at home. He has been
active in the sort of political pustules called
progressive groups. He attracts many bobby
soxers hoping to hear him discourse his
unique and peculiar specialty which goes
"blag-ab-ab-ab.” Don’t ask me how he hit
upon it. Can genius blue-print inspiration?
Danny Kaye was born David Daniel
Kaminsky in Brooklyn. During the war he
did a movie called “The Kid From Brook
lyn” while 330,000 other kids from Brook
lyn were in the war one way or another.
The neighbors around the Brownsville sec
non, wmcn is a Kina or poor neignnornooa,
didn't think he was typical. His draft board
kept on marking him 1-A by a vote of 4
to 0 and his appeal board marked him 1-A,
also by 4 to 0, but after he had spent three
days at Fort jay, kind of long for a physical
and mental, in December, 1943, the doctors
scored him 4-F. The U.S.O. put in for him
to go out as an entertainer, but the local
board said: “Nope, with us he is Still 1-A.”
The appeal board said: “same here.”
Then one night an unusual thing hap
pened. The appeal board had just voted 1-A,
by 4 to 0, when a messenger came with an
urgent letter from the local, wanting his
folder right back, without waiting for the
mail. The appeal had been withdrawn from
Washington. No action was to be taken by
the appeal board. So the appeol board arew
a line right across the whole entry, killing
the refusal out of record. The papers went
back to the local. That was the last that was
heard of Danny Kaye around those parts.
General McDermott, the state draft di
rector, says Danny showed the right spirit
about the camp shows. The U. S. A. re
ported that seven entertainers had been
killed in one area where his bookings were
to take him.
Nevertheless, local 229 insisted that if
he went at all he must go in a soldier suit
like the rest of the kids from Brooklyn.
And they wrote that “the best interests of
the country would not be served by this .
registrant being permitted to entertain
members of the armed forces.”
“Neither his physical nor his mental
condition or attitude tends to show that the
morale of the armed forces would be bene
fitted by his performance before them as
a civilian,” they said.
“Neither his physical condition nor his
mental attitude—”
“Mental attitude—”
General McDermott says some very
important Hollywood interests were putting
in for Danny to work in comical make-be
lieve to lift the spirits of those 330,000 kids
from Brooklyn and their anxious, loved ones
at home.
But don’t think the clown laughs all
the time. He has a lot of Hamlet in him, too.
And so we find Danny fighting for free
dom even against the Congress which ac
tually personifies the American people and
on the side of a lot of glamorous Hollywood
figures who certainly do seem to be com
munists.
Now come behind the scenes with me,
Cinderella, ere the clock strikes 12 and
our adventure in the realm* of glamour
comes to an end. *
The waiter cames to my room and we
ask is it true that these rich Hollywood
celebrities tip higher than a cat’s back?
He scowls and then he says: “They had
a $70 lunch bill. This committee in Holly
wood pays for it. One of the actors signs
for it, but the committee pays. It took three
waiters three hours to serve them. They
had sandwiches, coffee and coca cola for
25 people, and they signed for a $6 tip.
“In one party they had a $37 liquor
bill. Humphrey Bogart told some other fel
low to sign the bill. ‘Treat the boy right,’
Bogart says. The waiter was there nearly
two hours. The guy signed for a $1 tip.
“Today there was an order for $11
worth of drinks. Bogart signed. He turned
his back to sign. For the waiter, 50 cents.
Dont forget, we have to share tips with
the busboys. It isn’t so much that they are
really rude to you. They act as though there
was nobody there but them. They make
you feel like you didn’t exist.
“I don’t care who you tell. Them is my
sentiments.”
The lower classes, you see? Getting out
or hand, really.
"Clank.”
’Ti* the clock striking the witching hour
and we must awake from our dream of
enchantment in the romantic, never-never
land of make-believe.
Quotations
The atomic activities of the U. S. under
mine the faith of people in UN declara
tions—Andrei Vishinsky, USSR delegate to
UN.
If the total program of the men in power
today is advice to eat less—we shall eat
less and less and less as inflation increases
and a depression is made inevitbale. —.
Henry A. Wallace.
«ir. (w oi Mass.
We shall have most regretfully to tell
mi r American j _n
lUiiiiCi. pwwt wcujr OJl war,
I
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The Creeping Terror
BY JOSEPH ALSOP
PRAGUE, Nov. 4. — In con
trast to the rest of Europe, the
surface of life here is wonder
fully bustling and. prosperous.
Prague’s baroque palaces and
nodern suburbs could still do
vith a lick of paint. But the
shops are full of goods. The
streets are jammed with traf
fic. And the people are down
right fat.
Beneath this happy surface,
lowever, an ominous and tragic
fact is only half con
realed. Czechoslovakia is in
the grip of a creeping terror.
Since the end of the war, this
ias been a show place for op
timists. It has been the place
vhere Communists ruled like
Democrats, where East and
West could meet without an in
;ervening iron curtain, where hu
nan freedom Survived in the
shadow of Soviet power. That
period is coming to an end.
Within a few months, un
less drastic counter - measures
are taken, the iron curtain will
clank down with finality.
The terror, now creeping under
ground, will be open and un
ashamed. Czechoslovakia will
know the fate of Hungary, of
Poland, of Romania and Bul
garia.
It seems incredible that a free
dom- loving people, Western in
habit and tradition, should ac
cept such a fate when there are
no Soviet troops in Czechoslova
kia. But the Czechs bear deep
scars of national neurosis from
the experience of the last eight
years. All of them are conscious
that the Soviet armies in Ger
many are deployed along their
borders. As for their govern
ment, President Benes, the be
loved link with the past, is aged
Keeping It Simple
BY PETER EDSON
WASHINGTON—If a bunch of
lawyers and a batch of econo
mists were cast away on a
iesert island, it would be even
money which group would talk
ihe other to death. The odds
should probably be given to the
;conomists, though, because
awyers eventually come to the
point. Economists, however,
ramble all over the lot, take
iwice as many words as neces
sary to say anything, and final
y hedge around with ifs, may
les and on-the-other-hands.
This observation is made aft
;r taking one look and then
unning fast from Volume II of
he Marshall Plan report from
he 16-nation Committee of Eu
opean Economic Co- operation,
irawn up at Paris.
When Under Secretary of
State R o b ert A. Lovett re
marked the other day that the
Marshall Plan “was now con
fused by an excessive amount
if figures,’’ he said a mouthful
and he wasn’t kidding.
At first, he said, they didn’t
lave enough figures to make
any intelligent decisions on how
much aid was needed 6r how
much the U. S. could give. But
low, “they have so much stuff
it’s indigestible.”
Secretary Lovett hopes that,
»vpnt.uallv. the Fhirnnpan Re
coVery Plan can be set up
simply. It will have to stay out
}f what he calls “the miasma
!>f statistcis,” where it is today.
There are now four Volumes
Df studies on the Marshall Plan.
A fifth, frbm Secretary of Com
merce Harriman’s Committee
af 19 big-shot businessmen, is
pet to come. And Congress, with
its million# of words of reports
and hearings and reams of de
bate, is still to be heard from.
The infant Marshall Plan runs
the risk of being suffocated by
its own swaddling clothes of ex
position and oratory before it
even gets born.
Volume four in this documen
tation is the President’s Council
af Economic Advisers’ report.
It was released under the snap
py little title of “The Impact
of Foreign Aid Upon the Do
mestic Economy.” It’s about as
simple as these things can prob
ably be made. This seems to
be what the Council of Eco
nomic Advisers say:
The purpose of the Marshall
Plan is to lay the foundations
for a stable wprld economy.
* Any aid giwm to Europe will
be less than the war and post
war programs. It should there
fore be a reduced strain on the
country. In 1943 and 1944, 40
per cent of American produc
tion went to war. In the first
half of 1947, less than 10 per
cent has gone overseas.
The effect of this export pro
gram on the average American
citizen has not been too tough.
Per capita consumption of
meat, fruits and breakfast cere
als is higher now than before
or during the war. Consumption
of milk, eggs, poultry, vege
tables and wheat is not as high
as in wartime, but it is higher
than prewar.
Aid to Europe will exert some
upward pressure on prices, but
this pressure will be reduced in
succeeding years.
inree grave uaiigeis cue
pointed out. Some low-income
families cannot now afford to
buy enough to eat. High prices
will lead to a demand for higher
wages. Higher prices will cut
down foreign purchasing power.
The problem is to prevent price
rises from spiraling into a
further inflationary movement.
Some control will have to be
put over the uses of food and
steel. Wheat will have to be
confined to humans and not fed
to animals. Sending scrap iron
abroad, as requested by the Eu
ropeans, is illogical.
Bottlenecks in the production
and distribution of coal and
fertilizer will have to be broken.
Farm and industrial machinery
will have to be allocated to Eu
rope to increase her production
and stop her demands on the
U. S. for food and materials.
The ERP is going to cost
Americans some money. Taxes
won’t have to be any higher
than they are now, but they
can’t be made any lower right
away if the budget is kept
balanced. The idea of paying
for European aid by borrowing
and increasing the national debt
is rejected.
On the question of repayment,
the Council of Economic Ad
visers does a little ducking. It
says there is now no way to
measure Europe’s ability to re
pay. But it indicates the advis
ability of making part of the
aid an outright gift. Another
portion of the aid might be paid
for in the money of the receiv
ing countries. What would be
done with that foreign currency
could be left to future settle
ment.
The failure to authorize any
aid programs at all would be
likely to spell industrial paraly
sis for some countries. This
might bounce back on the U. &
and ailing. The Foreign Minis
ter with a great name, Jan Ma
saryk, is a paunchy man who
makes jokes. And since the last
election, the real control
has been in the hands of the
Communists led by Prime Min
ister Gottwald.
Long ago, the Commun
ists made their preparations for
the event that is now occurring.
At the head of the army, they
placed General Svoboda, com
mander of the Czechoslovak
corps in Russia during the war,
rumored holder of a party card,
and in any case, a man who
knows which side of his bread
is buttered. Almost without ex
ception, he has passed over
Western-experienced Czech offi
cers and promoted those who
have Russian association.
Above all, the army’s counter
intelligence corps, which is real
ly a secret service, has come
under the domination of Com
munists or men who will do
their bidding.
The army is infiltrated and
neutralized. The Information
Ministry in overtly Communist
hands, is ready to blare propa
ganda through Soviet-style loud
speakers in every town. Most de
cisive of all, the Ministry of the
Interior, headed by the Com
munist Nosek, has transformed
all branches of the national po
lice into service organizations of
the party. With complete con
trol of the labor unions, and a
considerable number of armed
partisans, the Communists thus
hold all the trumps for any game
of coup d’ etat.
To be sure, these trumps have
long been in Communist hands.
But until recently even the more
Westernminded Communists, like
Prime Minister Gottwald and
the Deputy Foreign Minister Kle
mentis, seem to have believed
that their role was to play the
game the Western way. Czecho
slovakia is economically depend
ent on its links with the West.
When the Marshall plan was an
nounced, Czech Communists and
non-Communists alike voted un
animously to send a delegation
to the preparatory conference in
Body May Hold I
Virus For Lif, I
BY WILLIAM A. O’Brien ^ I
Viruses cause a differ,, ’ I
uety of infection than S v" I
A single virus produces V
hsease, but the infectS* °n* I
ppear in one of several f msy I
Viruses cannot be sJn °Trns- 1
t? ordinary microscope Jin.dor 1
t0° small. Today ,,-?,,t ey I
gelopment of high-spi,e‘h ‘he
tn,ge and the electron 1 n'
viruses can he ^lcr°'
graced and their Phota'
stu^d. Their presence]T'*'*
pecte in patjents h - m.
ar^ bitena cannot be^Cf*
andse^^i^-thebd,
tissue, te unusual liv,n?
the preset ti ‘ ^ at
common ,ld virus ne
body cells f th nl *s the ~
at birth, ai ]iv nd throat
time as a lts entire life,
time as a lraSite. A . '?*
cording to t, theo jsCold' «c
up m cells containing :rf;
virus, and nori ne,„ ir*
Some virus cau.p , •
which they in,de ‘ ,;le
cessively. The^m™ grow *x.
a virus inf echo. and th W“J *
sive cell growth the 7a ,
Other viruses rinni„
stroy the cells. "P 7 Dr, dp
this reaction is innti‘vmple r,i
sis, in which the'J1* W
or kills the cells lnjurps
cord. Recovery dei,j'e >pin:d
number that have n> uS on
manently destroyed. cn per'
When viruses entei>up ,
they go directly from p. ,bod7
stream to the cells w! ,f)n'
burrow in. Treatment e, h^y
given before the virus J be
had a chance to do this „ f5
is given afterwards it is f ll,
value. Sulfa drugs and
cillin do not cure leni'
infections although thev mlr,US
given because of the possi ‘.3e
that both germs and viruses
causing the infection.
Special viruses are the ca,
of measles German meas
smallpox chickenpox vacciri
(vaccination) mumps, mfluen
infectious mononucleosis jj
common cold, yellow fever po I
liomyelitis, shingles, hydroph0.
bia, encephalitis, diarrhea in in.
fants, epidemics of vomiting jn
flammation of the liver, p’neu.
monia and trachoma (granu
lated eyelids) to mention but
a few. Although science is more
successful in preventing these in
fections than in treating them
we may look forward to the
time when cures will be ava l"
able.
Paris. This occupied interestingly
enough, alter the Czechs had
been assured that Poland would
do likewise by a visiting group
from Warsaw, includng influen
tial Communists members of the
Polish government.
As every one now blows, the
Czechs learned their e-ror from
Stalin in person. At Moscow,
Gottwald had his heac washed
by the Generalissimo. Under the
implied threat of ruptur- of the
Czech-Soviet alliance, the whole
cabinet voted unanimous! to re
verse its previous 'unani
mous vote. In the strets of
Prague, people talked of "the
new Munish.” The incident how
ed the Czechs how far the- in
dependence was impaired, fhat
was far more important, itilso
showed Moscow that some sjrit
of independence remained at 1-a
gue. The order is now knownto
have gone out at once, "Put te
screws on.” The screws are i
today. The major manifestatic
of this fact so far has been th
arrest of a large numbe
of members of the Slovak demo
cratic party on charges of col
laboration with “Fascist refugee
wreckers.”
The atmosphere of terror is
already tangible. Already lead
ing non-Communist Czechs are
known to be considering flight.
And this is only the beginning of
the story. All competent authori
ties here, foreign and Czech,
have privately agreed that the
end will come with the open sup
pression of Czechoslovakia!
hardly re-won independence, un
less those who love their liber
ties act in the interval in self
defense. They must do so be
fore next spring, the time of
the elections for which the pres
ent terror is intended to pre
pare.
COPYRIGHT, 1947 NEW YOU*
HERALD TRIBUNE INC
Why A Marshall Plan?
An Editorial From The Christian Science Monitor
The United States frontier has
not receded in the years since
Americans discovered it to be
“on the Rhine.”
That historic phrase was not
a slogan of imperialism. Nor is
the American endeavor to hold
a line for freedom as far east
as the Greek and Turkish bor
ders an act of imperialism to
day. It is an act of friendship
for people who cherish liber
ties which Americans share and
who are linked with Americans
into a global system of defense
for those liberties.
But it is not an act of sheer
altruism. Western Europe is,
economically, politically and
strategically, an area of pro
found concern for Americans.
Many Americans know this. But
too many still do not. Reports
based on interviews with hun
dreds of citizens in 22 states
indicate an increasing resist
ance to Europe’s demands for
aid.
Even at the same time, how
ever, a Gallup poll reports that
about two thirds of those ques
tioned on United States policy
toward Russia consider it too
soft, if anything. A similar
cross section approves of Sec
retary Marshall’s efforts to i
withstand Soviet pressures "
Europe.
The Marshall Plan is "r‘
most promising strategy avaf
able for preventing Rns.:--'
domination of Western Europe,
for keeping Communist u®''
ence off the shores of bne • _
lantic, for preserving W'ester
Europe as a trading area
which economic laws instead ■ -
political dictates will determ
the flow of trade and the
velopment of industry
This is a plan to helu reb--- j
an international community
which American ideals |
have the^freest possible P
The alternative is to let RU;" ’
rebuild that community in ta
Soviet image.
Even under the best af c'
cumstances this comm®
will not be a “perfect w'®‘c,
Reports of wasteful hoardir? I'
American aid in Greece, ol
stacles to private shipments'"
materials to A m e r i c8 “ ’
owned factories in other ^
tries, of graft and ingratit®^
these are diverting Am*ria,j‘
attention from the main Pp,l1’
That point is that aid to -
rope is first of all in Amer;"'
own interest.

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