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Wonting &tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wil mington, N. G. Post Office Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Star News nation 1 Week _* -30 $ M ? 50 1 Month--— 1-30 1 10 215 X Months_ 3.90 3.25 6.50 JKths- 1.80 6.50 13.00 1 Year _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ “ SINGLE COPY” Wilmington News . 5c Morning Star - 5c Sunday Star-News- iuc Bv Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance Combi Tjme Star News nation 3 Months _$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months -. 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year - _ 10 00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-New* T WILMINGTON STAR _ (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months $1.85 6 Months $3.70 Year $7.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusive ly to the use for republication of all local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches._ _ FRIDAYT NOVEMBER 28, 1947 Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco stor age warehouses, ship repair facilities, nearby sites for heavy industry and ; 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North - Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recrea tion advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North • Carolina’s farm-to-market and pri mary roads, with a paved highwav from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued effort to attract more in tustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal airport for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and in cluding a Negrp Health center. Encouragement of the growth nmercial fishing. '’onsolidation of City and Couir. j ernments. j GOOD MORNING Militarism and warfare are childish things, if they are not more horrible than anything childish can be. They must become things of the past.—H. G. Wells. It Happens Here This could be directed to Mr. Molotov, Pal Joey and all the others who shout from the housetops that America is imperialistic, that opportunity here is a fluke. But it’s a simple story, one that has been recorded hundreds of thousands of times, in fact ever since those wise forefathers of ours drew up the Articles of Confederation. Only this time it is a first and that makes it worthy of special mention. A man named Jesse M. Donaldson started working for the United States Postal depart ment in his youth. He didn’t have to gamble much on his future, it seems. Then after honest effort, good service and efficiency, the things that win for loyal workers that something enforced contracts have always failed to win, he rose along the ladder of success until this week, when— Bob Hannegan, the postmaster-general de cided to go into baseball in a big way. Bob quit and, yes, you’ve guessed it. Donaldson is the first man to become postmaster-gen eral from the ranks. No politics in his appointment by Presi dent Truman. Mr. President obviously made this appointment based on a record of faith ful service. That is in itself worthy of special mention. Two things are demonstrated; government is getting farther away all the time from the spoils system in appointments and that in the good old United States a man more often than not can write his own ticket. Mr. Molotov and Pal Joey’s boys didn’t get to the top through diligence. They got there through revolting bloodshed, murder and mass slavery. The method they used only suffices to strengthen the method we use. Congratulations to Messers Donaldson and Bob. Batter up. Play ball. t Subsidized Landlords *The government may be called upon through it* Congress to say no or yes to a proposal to subsidize landlords in lieu of can cellation of rent controls. Two senators are planning such a law. Thus something new had been added to the scheme of things. A subsidized landlord would be a land lord who would be paid by the government certain funds he would be prevented from getting in the form of increased rents due to the rent control law which prohibits him from raising the rent. At first some landlords might be inclined to shout with glee at this, thinking the tenants would be paying the increase via taxation. But there is always one thing to remember in a free enterprise form of gov ernment. That is, perhaps it would be but * Ismail step to something less liked by the landlords. It seems that if the government can sub sidize the landlords, it might not only con tinue to set the rental but in many cases decide the rent is too much; or that the property needs certain fixing, thus grant ing work to men who might otherwise be on a WPA, all at the cost o fthe landlord, naturally. Here is a proposal by two senators that should command close and immediate study by landlords, real estate men and tenants. It is a fit subject for tenant associations and landlord associations alike. Full details, when the bill is put in the hamper, may be obtained from the clerk of the United States Senate. They are gratis. Who Will It Be? There are still twenty-four hours in each day, but considering that time appears to pass more quickly than of old, next June will be upon us before we can say Jack Robinson or any other irrelevant or foolish thing. And it is to be in June that the major political parties are to name the candidates whose names will head, the tickets in next November’s elections. Who, then, is most likely to receive the democratic and republican nominations, and which of the two is most liable to win at the polls? The answer is anybody’s guess. But there are so—e straws in the wind al ready. On the republican side, for example, there is an Associated Press poll of republican governors. Governors exert a powerful in fluence upon the voters in their states. Ac cording to this poll, Governor Dewey of New York held a commanding iead over Senator Taft, the ratio being six to one among twenty-five state executives. But, at that, Governor Dewey failed to receive the kind of support that won him the republican nomination in 1944. His coyness, we suspect, is not wholly acceptable on his side of the fence. There may be some significance in the fact that seventeen republican governors refused to choose between Governor Dewey and Senator Taft At the same time the Eisenhower boom gathers momentum. Governor Warren and former Governor Stassen are planning to enter the republican convention with such pledges as each can win, although Governor Warren will seek the backing of the California delegation only at this time. He probably stands little chance of being nominated but obviously his voice and his influence will have some effect upon the convention’s final choice. With the possible exception of General Eisenbower, who h"s left the door ajar but refuses to swing h open, die republican nominee, therefore is decidedly a subject of speculation. The General undoubtedly could have the nomination on an early ballot if he should decide to say definitely that he will accept it. The American people like him. They liked his conduct in the war not only because of his military talent but equally because he proved to be an able diplomat. On the other side, the democrats have one favorite. President Truman is as sure of the democratic nomination as any man may be sure of future preferment. This leaves but one phase of the political outlook to be con sidered. The situation being what it is, who is most liable to be counted in when the ballot boxes are opened? This is less enigmatic now than a year ago. One Washington correspondent puts it succinctly, saying: “ . . . the balance of strength which moved conclusively to the re publican side in the congressional voting last year has altered substantially, and the prospect is for a tight, uncertain, vigorously fought election.” This correspondent concludes that the “ability and the personal force of the republi can nominee can be the deciding factor in the election. By the same token, it is to be noted that the ability and the personal force of President Truman have grown surprising ly since he was so unexpectedly elevated to the presidency and seemed to have no higher purpose or ambition than to carry out the progran. of administration of his pre decessor. He has become President in his own right since then. A Grave Danger When President Truman asked Congress for discretionary power to impose price con trols and rationing, it was only political sec ond nature for some Republican members to charge him with using “police state” methods. For Mr. Truman, in an offhand political conference remark a month ago, had said that such controls, though some times needed, partook of police state techni ques. Whether or not the President’s 10-point program to combat inflation is wise, it car ries no threat to the orderly processes of our government. Congress will grant him only such powers as the majority sees fit. The President T'~'iv veto that grant if he thinks it is inadequate, and try again for something nearer to what he wants. But Congress still has the last word. The liklihood i at Congress will withhold some of the discretionary powers that Mr. Truman requested ir proof enough that dictatorship is not imminent. In a police state, the President would have a puppet legislature. The real danger, then, is not totalitarian ism. The danger is rather that both parties will sidetrack statesmanship in favor of politics. It was signaled by the reactions which reporters brought down from Capi tol Hill after the President’s speech. Some congressmen said that Mr. Truman had pulled a fast one by asking for more than the Republican-controlled Congress would possibly grant him, thus putting the blame for high prices and growing inflation on the GOP. Others said that the smartest thing the Republicans could do would be to give the President all he had asked for and then let him stew in his own juice. Still others obviously figured that the charge of totalitarianism would be the strongest po litical weapon. This situation arises from a condition the exact opposite of totalitarian. Its basic cause is the freedom with which American citi zens are permitted to change their political minds. The result in this case is a partisan division of authority which invites a partisan tug of war. The fault is not in the system. But the question is whether the two parties will re sist the temptath to indulge ii- a purely po litical game. There is the uneasy recollection that there have been such performances be fore that caused momentous repercussions far beyond the field of domestic political maneuvers. There seems a chance that our Washington politicians may forget the simple truth that the mistakes wb' h lead to domestic disaster or war are made in the quiet and apparent safety of p -ice. When disaster or war comes, there is nothing left to do but pitch in and work together. But the pound of cure is cost | ly and tragic. Human Factor It seems that a common and usually harm less oversight was responsible for the crash of the first experimental flying automobile. The pilot just forgot to check his fuel before a second takeoff, and ran out of gas in mid air. This occurrence bears out the recent state ment of an aircraft company executive (not with the firm that made the flying auto) that, “We can make airplanes fool-proof, but we can’t make them damn-fool-proof.” In a civilization in which science is making life ever faster, more mechanized, more com fortable and, at the same time, more deadly and dangerous, that remark doesn’t need tc be limited to the field of aviation. As Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1947, King Features Syndicate, NEW YORK,—One day not long ago, I re marked, apropos of some enori™ty had been inflicted on them by their para sitic royal class, that the teamsters seemed to be the dumbest of our people. The angriest protest c.am®.fnr(S1 100, of Cincinnati, signed by Otto H. Fro be, the secretary-treasurer. Mr. Frobe not only resented my reflection on the political abili ty of the rank and file freighter but aban doned me to the devil because I had de scribed, as “more or less housebroken pies,” the dignataries of the teamsters un ion who got beastly drunk, smashed drink ing glasses and howled like animals at the political banquet which Dan Tobin, the old king - president, arranged for Franklin D. Roosevelt, at the Washington Statler, in the fall of 1944. I apologize to the legitimate teamsreis, the freighters who travel the highways. They are not necessarily dumb. Like the good Germans under Hitler, they are cap tives of an arrogant, ruthless clique and, again like tne good Germans, they may be scattered, displaced and set upon if they are liberated by external force and internal rebellion, without any emergency union to replace the present autocracy. 1 also modi fy my description of the swine who pigged it at the banquet. I have discovered no evi dence that they were housebroken at all. In the November issue of Tobin’s royal court circular, entitled The International Teamster, which is largely devoted to adulation ot the old fat-head and paid for by his subjects I refer you to an ar ticle by Mr. Frobe, under the head: “Cin cinnati' Drivers Are Desperate.” He writes that he “represents” 4,000 Cin ers and their families, about 10,000 persons in all, who are not get ting enough to eat or wear, or enough medi cal care or recreation. He says the wages of 3,000 of his subjects were frozen at 81 cents to $1 an hour sinoe 1945. The con tracts expired on Nov. 15. Frobe says that “when we signed our contract we hoped that price controls would stick.” He blames the National Association of Manufacturers for the abandonment of these controls and for the decline of the living of his teamsters and the gradual sacrifice of their war bonds and other savings. When any of these men falls sick or is laid off, Mr. Frobe says, his pay stops. However, his own pay continues and that of all the royal and noble class of union boss es, including the two princes of the royal house of Tobin, Fred and Frank, who get $10,000 a year for sedentary patronage jobs but never were teamsters. All the 930,000 subjects In the union contribute to a poli tical pork-barrel, or patronage ex pense within the union. Most of these pat ronage jobs pay at least $100 a week. Many pay $300. The average of the Cincin nati drivers seems to be a little over $40 a week. The pay of teamsters elsewhere is not much better so these team sters pay more for executive salaries, ex penses and grandeur and get less return for their dues and assessments than any other union group outside the unmitigated underworld rackets of the A.F.L. which are frankly recognized as such. Here we have the contrast of men who get 81 cents an hour for pushing box-cars through traffic and over hills in icy weath er, providing Dan Tobin $600 a week in salary plus unlimited expenses, flunkeys and servants and their expenses, and a royal winter palace in Miami Beach. The wives of these teamsters and helpers every where should clip this and study the union constitution and the schedule of salaries and perquisites and ask themselves wheth er these vain, luxurious rulers de liver enough in benefits when they have to send their children to school underfed and underclad. The Frobes pre paid to negotiate good contracts. Now, by the most ironic coin cidence, on the page after Frobes state ment, we find, in a black, mourning bor der, the announcement, "Brocky Farrell Dies” There was a brutal old scoundrel who— Speak not ill of the dead, says you? All right! Then let Otto H. Frobe speak the eulogy for Brocky Farrell. But so that Otto may do the old rogue justice, please wait until tomorrow. We need room for this. -- Quotations No one is old enough to know better than to wish he was young again. Get into the habit of pleasing where you go and you can go just about where you please. Start tooting your own horn if you want everybody to duck when you approach. The Indiana man who chewed 112 sticks of gum at one time should get a prize for something or other—maybe stick-to-it-ive nesa. A PENNY FOR YOUR THOUGHTS l Unholy Deadlock BERLIN — In London, where the Foreign Ministers are gath ered, total deadlock has already been reached in the meetings of their deputies. The relentless pettifogging of the Soviet dele gation has, however, served to confirm British an d American suspicions on one major point. Both delegations now expect Molotov to make a grand the atrical gesture of support for a strong, unified German Reich— possibly in the form cf a pro posal to end the occupation of Germany. In making his gesture, Molo tov will know in advance that its rejection is certain. He will also know that he is doing in calculable damage to the com munist party in such key neigh boring countries as France and Czechoslovakia. Why then should BY JOSEPH ALSOP Molotov embarrass Comrades Thorez and Gottwald for the sake of display of empty his tronics which will only impress the Germans? The reason is very simple. In the contest for Germany which the Soviet Union launched at the close of the war, the Kremlin is forced to employ tactics of this sort. Conditions in the So viet zone do not permit any other kind of appeal to the Ger mans. There is proof enough of this assertion in one extraordi nary fact. Marshal Sokolovsky, Soviet commander in Germany, has now set the Germans to watching the Russians. The order was issued some time ago by Soviet headquarters at Karlshorst to the high com mand of the Soviets political Taft On Truman BY PETER EDSON WASHINGTON — Text for to day will be from the words of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, can didate for President in 1948. Quote: “The President recommends that we extend and strengthen export control. Why, he has had power to control exports right along, only he hasn’t exercised it in any effective way.” End of quote. This seem 4 a challenging statement, worth lookin? into. Has the Truman administration failed to control exports? Does it have all the authority it needs If not, what more power does it .want The situation stacks up about like this: Authority to control all ex ports is given the r n in the Second Decontrol Act of 1947. It was passed last July 15 and became effective next day. It expires Feb. 29, 1948. Main thing Truman wants is to have the act renewed. It's as simple as that. Since it usually takes Congress several months to act on a measure of this kind, it seems entirely proper for the President to ask for extension of this authority ICO days in ad vance of its expiration. The second part of Taft’s charge, that the President hasn’t exercised expor; authori ty in an effective way is a more complicated story, but worth a look. During the war there were ap proximately 3000 commodities under export control. Eefor* an exporter could ship any of these items out of the country, he had to get a license from the gov ernment. *n 8Xtending export control au thority last July, Congress laid down the policy that the govern ment should “eliminate emer gency wartime controls of ma terials except to the minimum ex+' * necessary.” As a result of this mandate from Congress the number of commodities under e -.orf con_ trols has been steadily reduced. As of Oct. 1, only 352 items were under export control. Is Taft now criticizing because the adminis tration doesn’t have enough items under export license? Congress took one other step to make sure exports were de controlled as f cut the appropriation of the Ex port Supply Branch in Depart ment of Commerce, which ad m’n^ors tv,;s program. During the war, Office of Ex port Controls had some 800 am ployes. It was cut to 120 last July, but now has 190. It can’t employ more because it hasn’t the money. Congress appropriat ed $675,000 to wind up the work by next Feb. 29. Of this, $135, 000 must be used to pay termi nal leave of employes. That leaves $545,000 to operate on. On «one day last month r 'r 5000 aplications for export li censes were filed. On three other davs the number was over 3000. What T r u man apparently wants is appropriation for enough of an organization to do the job it is supposed to do. A big change has come over this export control business. Up to a year ago everybody — ex porters, foreign buyers and the government —all wanted *o get rid of export cr>"+" ' as possible. Now all the pressure brought on Department of Com merce is to tighten up controls and stop the outflow of scarce materials. At its recent conven tion in St. Louis the National Foreign Trade Council which formerly fought export controls, passed a resolution recognising the essentiality of export 1; cens ing and approving i t s continu ance. Up to now, export controls have been applied only quanti tatively and without regard to price or dest?"n*;on. v—■.- --ors were given licenses to export certain quantities of goods to any country thev chose, in 1;ne with prewar trade natter"" feet of these exports on XT. S. supply and domestic once levels was not a factor. Under the President’s proposed anti - in flationary program. these factors will be given more weight. More consideration will also have to be given to charges of profiteerin'' in exports. \ i: now givoe P*" p-ronr-' — s’ 1 monopoly. He can too buyers anv nHw be can get. Tf :mnnr+infr eo”r»+r’'°s are to be fi nanced with U. S. tax nonev under tbe Marshall Plan, it will become pH tbe more n°cessarv to control prices on American export items, both at home and abroad. From now on it is expected there will be more emphasis in +V*<s Wmir r>f pyri^r*e« fo st)pcifjr* rmin^?ttc 'n’Vierp teed :s Greatest and TT. S. foreign nob ov interests wiH bo boot -or red. There is particular pressure from Congress to limit exports to Russia and her satellites. Even Taft will probably approve of that. ( stooge party, the Socialist Unity Party. The Socialist Unity Party was commanded to instruct its lower echelons to report to Karlshorst all cases of inefficiency and cor ruption among Soviet Military Government officials and Rus sian factory managers. Assur ances were given that these re ports would be held confidential. It was grimly added that if in vestigation proved the accuracy of the charges, the offending Russians would be removed and appropriately disciplined. This astonishing order is the final admission, in turn, of a strange condition. This condi tion has for some time been dis cerned by official American in vestigators peering through the cracks in the iron curtain cut ting off the Soviet zone. It has an odd historical parallel. The history minded may re call that after the defeat of Ath ens in the Pelopennesian wars, the heavy-handed Spartans for a time dominated the Aegean sea. But the Spartan adminis trators and soldiers sent out to command the new territories and strong points won by Spar ta suffered from a fatal weak ness. The bleak, regimented life of Sparta, with its endless round of military exercises, political indoctrination and sparse living, left the Spartans utterly unpro tected against the temptations of a richer environment. They took bribes, acquired slaves, en joyed luxury, and generally yielded to temptation with sing ular abandon. The rapid corrup tion of Spartans exposed to the non-Spartan world was a pri mary cause of the rapid col lapse of the embryo Spartan empire. Even in devastated Germany. Soviet administrators and sol diers appear to suffer from the same weakness as the Spartans. Furthermore, the corruption and inefficiency of the Russian soldiers, and administrators on occupation duty are only the culminating difficulties of a problem which Marshal Sok olovsky would find it hard to solve with the most brilliant and honest officials in the world. Part of this problem derives from the unappeasable hunger of the Soviet Union in particu lar, and the Soviet sphere in general, for manufactured goods of all kinds. This has caused eastern Germany to be classed with Czechoslovakia as a heavy contributor of industri al products to the general pool. Hence arises the constant pres sure for, more and more Ger man goods for Russia. At the Keep Thermostat Down An Editorial From The New York Herald - Tribunr . I he oil shortage is with us again. Mayor O’Dwyer has an emergence committee; Commis sioner Wallander warns that fuel oils suplies will be down 10 to 15 per cent, and everywhere we hear the war-familiar injunction to insulate and keep the therm ostat down. The matter is seri ous enough. Some may be perplexed, but the explanation is quite simple. Supply is still out of step with demand and distribution facili ties, and adjustment is probably still two or three years distant. The oil industry is engaged yver the world in its greatest expan sion program, production is at new peaks, while simultaneously consumption is at record levels' Never before has the world pro duced more oil and used more. The reasons for unpr _ ed use spread out in a " tions. Automobiles are multiplying numbers. year 600.000 ml heating have been added ove. ■ (0 try The railroads have ^ Diesels. New housing 8 fC. slowly enough, but ah j1- 1 .bj quires heating. The nee. s-^ military are consider • , ports are up. And so ll r . .j,ere thousand fronts — e'e! the belt is out • that The immediate point be the consumer is acivl;,e ,rs cautious. After the > ii0tl household allotments an.„tPivfor coupons, surely not comp • j„ gotten, we should , » good practice. It « al matter of making ou most, but not quite, enn» More Light On Diabetgj By WILLIAM A. O’BRIFV u The Nobel prize has bee’if'D' en for the second time *‘v‘ years to research worker, m * abetes. The original award* ^ made for the discovery X** lm and the present one X demonstration that other cl h| and cells, m addition to the n creas, are involved in dinKPan' The chief difficulty is too much sugar in the hif? which results from the ta,iu “°d; the body to handle the ,, of and sugar which is eaten bv patient. In a normal body j tain amount of starch and ^ is used as an energy fUpi gar the balance is stored; m betics, the body fails to do p„k and ill health results net After centuries of d , blame for the condition0? finally placed on the pancr ** when it was discovered that ' moval of this organ resulted'! diabetes in experimental a, mals. Later on, it was found X the whole gland was not if cause, but special tissues, called islands of Langerhans. ’ 0 These islands of Langerhans which manufacture insulin , small bits of tissue scatter! throughout the pancreas. When they fail to supply enough insa. lin for the patient’s needs, dit betes results. Recent discovert indicate that there may tie sev eral kinds of diabetes. Young diabetics, often males develop diabetes as a result of insulin production failure in , normal appearing pancreas. Di abetes in children is the form in which insulin is of greatest help. Many men and women in middle age, who have had dia betes since childhood, are alive and well today as a result of using this remarkable remedy Diabetes in middle and late life is more apt to occur in wom en, especially those who are overweight. The cause is thought to be fatigue of the pancreas, from chronic overeating of sugar and starchy foods. Dieting i. the rru.st effective preventive of this form. Recent discoveries reveal that the action of the pancreas is af. fected by the pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands, and that the individual cells of the body are changed in diabetes. It is likely that in the near future practical applications of these discoveries will be made so that the lot of the diabetic will be made more secure and his life less difficult. same time, eastern Germany u deficient in coal, and acutely deficient in iron and steel—th* bases of any industrial econ omy. It is short sighted and distorting, therefore, merely to concentrate on the undoubted fact that eastern Germany is t good food producing area. Food is vital, but it cannot balance off the factors cited above. There is other evidence to sustain this conclusion. The flight to our zone of the famous Dr. Rudolph Paul, one of the Soviets’ highest hand-picked German officials, was not gen uinely symptomatic, since he was frightened by a drunken Russian officer’s threat of ulti mate liquidation. But the de sertion of the Socialist Unity Party by such figures as Dr, Lowenthal, Heinrich Schmidt, and Frau Halle Schaar—the two former originally communists indicates the extent of rising disaffection. On a different level, the same signs are to be seen in the issuance of “control cards” to Socialist Unity Party members, which they must pre sent and have marked to prove their attendance at “spon taneous” party demonstra tions and rallies. In the Soviet zone, everything has been done to win the sup port of the people for the Soviet* and their stooges. All that ha* been done has failed. The Ger mans as a whole, including the Soviet-zone Germans, still look to the west. Even Russians art not immune to the appeal. At tempts by Soviet officers and of ficials to desert, to us arc the common gossip of Berlin. One German who knows Karlshorst well remarked 'aughingly to this correspondent that Marshal Sokolovsky would soon lack an'-' staff, if the western powers would only offer Russians m Berlin the equivalent of 40 acres and a mule. This looking to ®» west is Molotov’s Achilles hee This is why such drastic propa ganda is resortec to. Unless the Angle-Franco American effort in western GM‘ many is paralyzed, hereaft* by indecision, weakness 811 stupidity, propaganda is n^. •> be feared. The superior magno tism, which some do oddly co cede to the Soviets, is re* • ours. To exploit it. we need on« a decent job in Germany. Copyright. 1947. New lor* Herald-Tribune Inc_.