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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher__ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N C., Post Office Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1878_ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance^^^ Time Star News nation 1 Week _5 -35 $ 30 $ -60 1 Month - 1-50 1-30 £2Q 3 Months - 4.50 • 14.40 1 Ye°anrhS 18 00 15.60 _ 23.80 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ SINGLE COPY T Wilmington News ---£ Morning Star -in Sunday Star-News -— By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance Time Star News 1 Month -? 110 ? g 3 Months - 3.25 2.25 6 Months - 6.50 4.50 1 Year - 13.00 9.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months $2.60—6 Months $5.20—Year $10.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PEEEE The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all1,1°c I1? 7p printed in this newspaper, as well as all ap news dispatches.__ SUNDAY DECEMBER 7, 1947 i Star-News Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco *t0r' age warehouses, ship repair facilities, nearby sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. . Emphasis on the region s recrea tion advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina's farm-to-market and pri mary roads, with a paved highway from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued effort to attract more in 'i ustric'S. Proper utilization of BluethenthaJ airport for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern Nortn Carolina s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and in cluding a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth of commercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING Let all things be done decently and in order.—I Corinthians 14:40. Good order is the foundation of all good things.—Burke. Responsibility For All “Race relationship in North Carolina is better than in any other state in the United States and we’re going to solve our race problems here, if outside agitators will on ly let us alone,” Mr. J. Melville Broughton told a gathering of school officials here last week. Practically all familiar with the situation agree with the former governor. But there is a definite responsibility on all North Carolinians that must not be over looked. It is that all races must conduct them selves so as not to give any agitator the slightest excuse for intrusion. These out-of state “authorities and experts” maintain close eyes for the smallest opportunity to come in and, despite how good they may think their intentions are, contribute noth ing toward continuation of the present good interracial condition. Still Short Of Goals The recent announcement that the weather and communications stations at Bluethenthal field were commissioned and placed into operation was hailed by all sincerely interested in further development of one of New Hanover county’s greatest assets. The activation of these facilities means much in improving service at the field. And this improvement, in turn, will nat urally encourage greater traffic through the airport. But the mistake must not be made in believing that this is all the airport needs. While Wilmington’s unit of the Very High Frequency radio beam is now functioning, similar installations have not been com pleted at other points along the Carolina coast with the result that the Coastal air way beam has not been commissioned. While work is being pushed at the other stations, no date has been set for placing the beamway on a functional basis. Then, Bluethenthal is still without an In struments Landing system, a “homing” de vise which, when the field is “closed out” oy fog or other unfavorable flying weather, ean be used to direct a plane out of the skies down to the runways. When the Coastal airway’s VHF beam is activated, aircraft can be directed here but until the ILS is obtained and installed, they cannot be monitored down in inclemeirt flying weather. At the present, we are informed, Raleigh - Durham and some other North Carolina airports have the ILS facility. The next immediate goals of the com munity’s airport interests are, therefore, quite apparent. .. First is commissioning of the VHF beam along the entire Coastal Airway and sec ond, procurement and installation of the ILS system. Until these objectives are attained, it is impossible to consider Bluethenthal airport on a par with other North Carolina ones in traffic attraction facilities. Earliest re alization possible of these two important features could well be a joint project for the County commissioners’ Airport com mittee and the corresponding body from the Chamber of Commerce. Public’s Welfare Comes First A public hospital does not belong to its management, personnel or any other group but to the people it was erected to serve. Their welfare and interest must always come first. When the public is relegated to a sec ondary position, then that hospital has fail ed. When an institution cannot maintain the standards demanded of it as a great protector of the community’s life and health, then it is time for the public to move in and attempt to end the crisis en dangering its primary purpose of exist ance. This deplorable situation appears but a few days away at James Walker Memo rial hospital. A controversy between its management and nurses has been dragging along for weeks. Its origin may be traced to on or about Aug. 14 when the hospital is reported to have received a statement on desired working conditions from the North Carolina State Nurses’ association. The hospital board went on record on Nov. 19, according to a statement later issued by it, as “being ready and willing to discuss with its em ployed personnel any matter pertaining to their welfare and happiness.” Anyone !who reads a newspaper is well av^are that ’the board and nurses have been unable to settle their differences. Last Wednesday, the dispute came to a dramatic climax with the mass resignation of 38 of the in stitution’s trained nurses. This large group represents the entire staff, with exception of four executives. The nurses’ action may be considered, in effect, a potential walkout. Shortly after their intentions were reveal ed, the board of managers met and later announced that the hospital’s services “will be necessarily curtailed on Decem ber 18 to the extent the mass resignations are carried out.” Thus, Wilmington may suffer and lives may be endangered because the man agement and nurses are unable to reach an agreement. It would not be difficult to fill the col umns of this entire page with all the charges and countercharges of this dis pute. But that is not necessary. Both sides have aired their arguments in the press during the past several days. And the Star News has refrained from taking sides in this controversy. Any of the points present ed and pressed by either faction are in finitesimal in comparison with the fact that the public’s welfare is threatened. The sit uation that the board and nurses are but 11 days from complete collapse of the in stitution’s nursing system is of vital con cern to Wilmington and New Hanover county. Many Wilmingtonians are comparing the condition here with the one at Charlotte Memorial hospital. There are parallels but they end with the fact that the Charlotte dispute appears well on the road to solu tion, without menacing that hospital’s nor mal’functions, while the situation here is deadlocked. With this comparison naturally comes some questions. If the problem can be solved in Charlotte —nurses there have voted to deal directly with the hospital’s management on requests for improved working conditions by the board of trustees — why can’t it be solved here? What are the differences be tween conditions at the two institutions which permits one to make real progress in negotiations while another is faced with mass resignation of its nurses? How can the public move in on this cri sis? The most feasible, direct means appears through a board of arbitration, a long-ac cepted means of settling labor differences. It’s formation should not be difficult. One member could come from the hospi tal board, another from the ranks of the 38 nurses, a third from the City council and the fourth from the Board of County Commissioners. Why representation from the latter two bodies? Because they are allocating $88,000 dur ing the current fiscal year for the care of indigent patients at James Walker Memo rial and Community hospitals. The former will receive well over half of this amount of taxpayers’ money. The four would then choose a fifth mem ber from the public at large. And any at tempt at arbitration should be based on a thorough study of salary schedules and working conditions at comparable in stitutions throughout the state. The group should also consider the charges these hos pitals are making to the public. Nurses here do not have the right to demand more than is being granted elsewhere; neither does the management have the right to make demands which do not prevail at other institutions. It would be a community disgrace for Wilmington to accept the board’s statement that service will be necessarily curtailed on December 18 without making concert ed effort to prevent realization of this dan erous threat. It’s citizens’ best avenue of expression is through their official, elect ed leaders and it is time that it be given to them. If action cannot be initiated to protect the welfare of the people, then the position must be accepted that James Walker Mem orial hospital actually’ belongs not to the public but its managers and employes and its service will be no better than these groups want it to be. Strengthen The Voice When the United States decided to better inform the remainder of the world about itself via the State department’s Voice of j America broadcasts, there was some op position on the basis that we were adopt ing a form of propaganda of doubtful in fluence. The question of its value was of sufficient strength to hold early appropriations to the minimum. But since the first music and talks went out over the air, all appraisals of their value have been most complimentary. Practically everyone with first-hand knowl edge of their reception in Europe has en dorsed the program as an excellent means of not only promoting good will but coun teracting Communistic propaganda. Com menting on the broadcasts upon his return to the United States, Mr. Laurence A. Steinhardt, ambassador to Czechoslovakia, said “the more of that we do the better, because we’re misrepresented all over Eu rope by the Communistic press. Everybody knows that. We’ve spent a lot helping other people. We ought to spend more presenting our own case.” The same day he was talking there came out of Washington an excellent example of where the United States has lost credit for good deeds because of a backwardness in spreading the true facts. Rep. Anderson, of Minnesota, told the House that Russia was paid in full in American dollars for 500,000 tons of wheat and barley she sent to France last year as a “gift.” He made this discovery during a recent visit to France and other European countries. The incident was a double triumph for the Soviet Union. Not only was it given credit for extreme generosity and the United States received none at all, but Moscow pocketed the mil lion or so of American dollars paid at the prevailing domestic prices. And, if you are interested in just how extremely gullible we were on the deal, the United States footed the shipping bill and 70 per cent of the grain was transported in American ships. There is no doubt about America’s de termination to do more than its share in the rehabilitation of Europe. But there is certainly a question as to whether we are alert or aggressive enough to see that we receive ample credit for what we do. Of all mediums, foreign lan guage broadcasts are the best in reaching the greatest number of people. Couple them with concrete evidence, such as American wheat and meat on the docks of France and Italy, and the fair-minded European will be convinced of the great ness of this nation’s generosity. The Voice of America has a very definite part in the execution of both emergency foreign aid and the Marshall plan. But it cannot fulfill it properly and in keeping with the magnitude of these rehabilitation efforts unless its facilities are enlarged and enriched. Appropriations for this pur pose in challenging Communism are just as important as those made to provide ma» terial expression of America’s good will toward the war devastated continent. They’ve Been Outlawed Here’s a word of warning to those who may have forgotten some of the laws en acted during the last General Assembly. Firecrackers, as well as all other forms of pyrotechnics save those used under the supervision of experts in presenting public exhibitions, are as illegal today as any thing can be in North Carolina. Despite the rigid ban, some may be smuggled into the state and exploded during the Christmas holidays. But anyone having anything to do with them should remember that to sell, possess or purchase any type of firecrackers or similar explo sives makes them liable for fine or impri sonment or both at the discretion of the court. Undoubtedly some elders may say the youngsters are missing out on fun they en joyed during the season. But there never was a firecracker worth the loss of a fin ger, eye or life. Before the legislators en acted the law, they were well informed on the annual holiday toll of pyrotechnics in North Carolina, and it wasn't difficult for the majority of the lawmakers to de cide that whatever entertainment they pro vided wasn’t worth even a fraction of the part of the suffering firecrackers so often created. Tackling Sales Tax Problem When Charles M. Johnson, state treasurer and gubernatorial candidate, forecast in a speech here a few weeks ago that North Carolina would not repeal the sales tax any time soon, most all familiar with its financial burdens agreed that the prediction was a safe one. Although enacted as an emci'gency mea sure in the early 1930’s, the increasing need for its revenue has given it real permanenoe in the state’s tax structure. Mr. Johnson’s remark promoted more com ment, editorally and otherwise, than any thing any candidate has said. Included in this was considerable attention to means of improving the tax, admittedly far from per fect. Some went so far as to suggest a thorough examination of its structure to eliminate defects during the next General Assembly. Without waiting for that, however, Rev enue Commissioner Edwin Gill, according to reports from Raleigh, has been conferring with representatives of some of the larger chain stores in regard to issuing sales tax coupons. Complaints on the failure to issue the coupons have been piling up in Ra leigh. So Mr. Gill and the store represent atives are trying to do something about this important matter in adminstration of the tax. They’re not out to work up a new system but to devise ways of improving the present one. Biggest trouble, according to Revenue de partment officials, is that sales clerks either forget to pass out the coupons or get dis couraged when so many of their customers throw them back across the counter. Yet, these coupons mean the difference whether a shopper pays three cents tax on a dollar’s worth of purchases or, if he or she ignores them, ten cents levy on the same amount of trade. Lookl like some of the difficulty in straightening out the problems lies with the purchaser. Perhaps too many do not know or do not stop to realize that the coupons for un used portions of the sales tax are based on the state’s sales tax schedule. This provides for no tax on purchases up through nine cents; one penny for amounts from 10 to 35 cents; two cents for amounts from 36 to 70 cents; three cents for 71 cents to $1.05; and a straight three per cent for larger amounts. Meanwhile, the wise shopper should con tinue to ask for the sales tax coupon when he is entitled to it. And if it isn’t forth coming, then he should complain to the Rev enue department in Raleigh. DID HE MERELY CHANGE THE LABELS? Mr, Spearman'^ Literary Lantern By WALmSi CHAPEL HILL n " When young CarolinianVp B. MacDonald took over ** mand of Company R 23V P"5' try, Second Division W'"* ber 1944 he was fresh7* training camps in the St 5* P was inexperienced in " He was very young __ , ~ And he was very nerve', - : how the combat-wise his outfit would accent h '" ’■ they had been figS R day plus One, had the pillboxes at Brest ‘ The account of Capta:- ,, Donalds adventures k ■ “Company Commander 1 lished by the Infantrv' t-p':' Press (Washington, D. rV; pp. $3). From September',,-".! May the Captain and his V fight and march fr< m through Belgium and Vi * bourg, the Siegfried Line Germany, to a small toPP" Checho-Slovakia, where rP celebrate V-E Day “T1 acters in this story are not rP" ty characters,” says the ■ They are not even her lack of fear is a requisite'-! heroism. They ar< rough, frightened, miser . characters. But they win A This is an unassuming bocV a modest author. But it has genuine ring of a steel . ' of a sharp bayonet. When v ■ read it, you feel that this World War II. This is what tr soldiers did. This is how ■ 1 felt. “Company C o m m an P has the sights and the s ■ , of infantry warfare. You see t~, forbidding pillboxes of the ' r fried Line. You see German tanks looming in attack, v hear grenades explode t-i whine of shells, the mortar fire You taste K-rations. You slot along in mud and rain. You Pi! up Army language (“Hello, Abie One” — “Give us artillery sup. port, for God's sake!"—“Rote Wait”). You meet the individual sol diers who served in Company I and Company G — Pfc. Jarm, Earnhardt of Mooresville. N, C and Tec. Sgt. Carl Whelchel i: Gaffney, S. C., and dozens oi others. You hear an inquiring war correspondent asking ques tions and Pvt. Croteau replying: “Tell them it's too damned scr. ous over here to be talking about hot dogs and baked beans and things we’re missing. Tell them I it's hell, and tell them there re men getting killed and wounded every minute, and they re miserable and they're suffering Spreap it on thick—and leave rf: the sweet syrup that all the others write about.” There is fine humor in the book (Capt. MacDonald almost captured Leipzig with his hand-1 ful of men but settled for cognac and champagne instead). There is pathes (one soldier was killed with a letter in his pocket an nouncing the birth of his first baby). There is sentiment (the Captain’s men serve him a birthday cake with 22 candles'. There is frank admission of fear and an honest account of how his men had “to run like hell' from the b i g German push. There is criticism of the Army's big brass for sacrificing men in an effort to take an objective quickly. And through the whole book are excitement, danger, courage, weariness, strain, sus pence and the ever-present feel ing that “this is war. Con gratulations to the Infantry Journal Press for publishing such an honest and authentic book and to Captain MacDonald for his ability to write it. Incidentally, Author Mac Donald is a South Carolinian, was educated in the Dillon schools and at Presbyterian col lege, is now studying at the Uni versity of Missouri, and has two brothers enrolled at the Uni versity of North Carolina. Tr.e Literary Lantern looks forward to his first book about the South He will inevitably write it—ana it will inevitably be good! * * * BEST RECENT READING “The Pearl” by John Stein beck (Viking). “Flood Crest” by Hodd.ng Carter (Rinehart). “Cloud by Day” by Mur® Sheppard (UNC Press). “The Proper Bostonians Cleveland Amory (Dutton). “Red Wine First” by N<®-‘ Tyre (Simon and Schuster). Goggles for industrial use «» be made of glass so tough i ' be dropped more than t< n. “ to a concrete floor breaking. _ The Gallup Poll Marshall Program To Help Europe Continues To Gain Public Support Discussion And Publicity Bring New Converts To Big Plan By GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J., Dec. 6.— There has been a sharp over-all increase in public approval of the Marshall Plan for aid to Eu rope. became familiar with the gen During November more voters eral idea of the plan of the number indicating support climb ed to a substatnial majority for the first time since Secretary of State George C. Marshall enun ciated the plan last June. Favor able opinions on the principle of the plan today outweigh unfa vorable opinions by better than 3-to-l. As is in past surveys, the In stitute probed attitudes on the issue through the use of a num ber of questions, designed to find out how many people know about the plan, how clear an idea they have of its purpose, what they think of the plan in general, and whether they are willing to see large sums of money spent to carry it out. The first question asked: “Have you heard or read about the Marshall Plan?” The vote today and a trend during recent months follows: Yes, have No, have heard Not July 23 .49% 51% Oct. 8 .49 51 Nov. 2 .61 39 TODAY .64 36 By degree of education the re sults today are as follows: Have heard Have not College .90% 10% High school .73 27 Grade or No School .52 ' 48 All who said they had heard or read about the plan were asked: “What is your opinion of the plan?" The vote today as compared to a month ago is shown below: Nov. Today Favorable opinions..47% 56% Unfavorable .15 17 No opinion .38 27 THE ISSUE which Congress is called upon to decide is wheth er to approve an expenditure of some 20 billion dollars over the next four years to provide aid to the 16 European countries who are cooperating under the Mar shall Plan. Today’s survey indicates that ^OBOCS op T ~r ~~ Approval of the general principle of the Marshall Plan for aid to Europe is found widespread in the latest Gallup Poll. of the various arguments given in favor of the Marshall Plan, the one which seems most effective with the public is the argument that it will halt the spread of Communism in Europe. This argument is more effec tive among all groups — those best-informed about tne Marshall Plan and those least informed— than the argument that a large part of the Marshall Plan funds will be spent here in this country. To test reactions, the Institute presented a brief description of the Marshall Plan, using two questions which included estima ted dollar costs of the plan. One question explained ti?e plan in terms of spending dollars for goods in the United States. The other, put to a separate but com parable cross-section of voters, explained it in terms of improv ing conditions in Europe and keeping' European nations from going Communist. Below is the vote of various] groups, ranging from those who, j in the questioning showed them-! selves best-informed about the I Marshall Plan to thosee who have heard of the plan but said they did not know what it pro posed. “Would you favor or oppose lending Western European coun tries like England, France, Hol land and Norway about $20 bil lion over the next four years to be spent for goods to be bought in this country?” Op- No Favor pose Qual. opin. Best informed 50% 28% 12% 10% Less well- - informed 51^ 31 10 8 Vaguely informed 49 32 10 9 Heard of plan but don’t know purpose 44 38 5 13 “Would you favor or oppose sending Western European coun tries like England, France, Hol land and Norway about $20 bil lion worth of goods from this country in order to improve con ditions there and to keep these countries from going Communis tic?” Op- No Favor pose Qual. opin. Best informed 61% 18% 14% 7% Less well informed 56 24 12 8 Vaguely informed 51 30 15 4 Heard of plan but don’t know purpose ..47 28 17 4 Behind The News Neither Democracies Nor Russia Sure Of Strength By DEWITT MACKENIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst We are faced with the tragic but certain fact that war “cold” but nevertheless war—is being waged between Russia and the Democracies, that Mos cow’s purpose is to Communize the world and that the Democ racies are determined to pre vent this. It is a fight to a finish. The question arises therefore why the combatants devote so much time and energy to inter national conferences which rarely reach agreement. Take for instance the bogged-down conference of Big Four foreign ministers in London—called to draft a German and Austrian treaties. On the face of it this parley is serving mainly to ruf fle tempers and act as a sound ing-board for propaganda. Soviet Foreign Minister Molo tov shows signs of being worried over the determination of the Democracies to proceed with the organization of western Ger | many without Russia if the Lon don conference fails. Secretary of State Marshall, British For eign Minister Bevin and French oFreign Minister 'Bidault are gravely concerned over the Bol shevist upheavals in France and Italy — key objectives in Mos cow’s effort to stymie the whole Marshall plan for rehabilitation of Western Europe and thus open the way for Russian dom ination of that area. John Foster Dulles, in Paris to investigate the crisis and re port back to General Marshall in London, said on his arrival in the French capital: “I have come to witness the magnificient effort that the French people are making against foreign penetration. I consider this is more important than what is happening at the London conference.” All this being so, why don’t the combatants abandon their conferences and get ahead with .the job of finishing that “cold war?” One hastens to add that this is a rhetorical question which we shall try to explain. I think the chief reason they don’t make a clean break is that both sides are appalled with the gravity of trying to run two worlds in an atomic age. They hate to admit officially that there are two worlds. Moreover, neither side is ab solutely sure of the real strength of the other. For that matter they aren’t sure of their own strength, in some instances. That is true of the crisis in France and Italy. Communist striking-power in those two countries hasn’t yet been put to the final test and therefore is an unknown quantity to both Moscow and to the Western De mocracies. Upon this unknown strength hangs the fate of the Marshall plan. If the Reds in France and Italy should succeed in their ef forts to cause the downfall of the governments of those coun ■rtiild tries, Russia certain:. - J have taken a migaty •• ■ ward winning its The Western Allies net get the plan into operat roa give France and Italy i A, terial aid with whicn [ ^ stand the Communis sion. . ■ 4 Then from the stapapo ;,j( the Democracies, time ^ swing countries like tze ‘ vakia and Poland bat-- J- 0,r Democratic fold. Ana _ doesn’t overlook that tni delay might enable - consolidate her position ern Europe. ^v-atant In short, each e; hopes to grow s'r°n%oUp!ed passing time. The- ..‘de with seriousness of ' Pe ’• ;nl0 daring our globe divj "orldfc two more or less hosti ^ is what kee^ the Ql*al ^ere conferences going. ^en will of course be a tim . they will give way to rnu " tive action.