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itf timing S’tar North Carolina's Oldest Dally Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday Bv The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher__ .1 ‘ Telephone Ail Departments 2-3311_ i^^das Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C„ Post Office Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1870 __ cTto^c-riptION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance.^^ cfpr News nation Time Star. 30 $ .60 1 Week -? 33 5 , 3Q 9 2.40 ] Month - USO 3 go 7 2o 3 Months - q'qq 7 go 14.40 • 6 Months - 13 00 15.60 28.80 (Above rate's entitle subscriber to Sunday . issue of Star-News)_ - SINGLE COPY Sp Wilmington News -Sc Morning Star -1(1r Sunday Star-News - — By~Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance "T, mt Star News ? Month .! I !" * 3 Months - 3-25 ? Months ----- ^ i (Above rates" entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ " —" WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months $2.60—6 Months $5.20—Year $10 40 "MEMBER- OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all tocal news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches._ FRIDAY, 12, 1947 __—-I Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco stor age warehouses, ship repair facilities, nearby sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern Nor.h Carolina agricultural and industrial resources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. . . Emphasis on the region s recrea tion advantages and improvement o, resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern Nor Carolina's farm to market and pri mary roods, with a paved highway from Topsail inlet to Bald Head is land. Continued eliort to attract more in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenth.i. airport for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern Nortn Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and in eluding a Negro Health center. Encouragement of the growth commercial fishing. Consolidation of City and Coui ‘.s governments. GOOD MORNING Gaiety and a light heart, in all virtue and decorum, are the best medicine ior tlie young, or rather for all. Solitude and melancholy are poison; they are deadly to all, and above all to the young. —Talfourd. Outlook In 1948 Everybody is looking forward to 1948 and for the most part wondering what it will bring forth, not alone in politics, but in business and economics. In answer to this whidespread wonderment, the United Busi ness Service of Boston, passing up politics, predicts there will be continued “high ac tivity and good earnings’’ next year. The Service forecasts the total volume of business probably will show a 2 to 3 per cent gain over this year “as a result of moderate expansion in the automobile, building, steel and other durable goods in dustries.” Optimistically, it says there is little likelihood of an appreciable business recession in the coming twelve months. It believes the inflationary trend will continue through most of next year, with “much depending on the unpredictable crop situation.” Wholesale prices are in for a further rise of 6 to 8 per cent. But, barring a major crop failure, the Service adds, “there is a good chance the infla tionary movement will culminate some time next year.” The national income is due to advance as a result of a slight rise in production. It may reach the astounding total of $215, 000.000,000. This will compare with approx imately with $195,000,000,000 this year. Steel production will continue to fall short of domestic and foreign demand, “al though new capacity is expected to lift this year’s total ingot output of about 84,000,000 tons to 86,000,000. Truck production will show little increase but passenger car out put should increase further. “Five and one half million trucks and cars seem likely next year,” an increase of half a million over 1947. This depends, naturally, on the labor situation. Building will advance, says the Service, with new construction expected to leach $14,500,000,000, a 15 per cent gain over this year. “Another round of wage increases running between 5 and 10 per cent” is in prospect. Corporate earnings will be low ered somewhat by rising costs, and the stock market is likely to move in a wider range and at somewhat higher levels. . Whether this forecast is proper cause for hope or discouragement is beyond our ken. However, it could be wished that the end of the inflationary trend, expected some time in 1948, might be speeded up, if only in the interest of better rest at nights for the harried public. The Holy Land Fight The United Nations Security Council ap pears to be shying away from the Pales tine slaughter, giving as its reason that it wishes to wait and see if the Arabs are bluffing about waging war. This is the heighth of something or oth er. ! If the Arabs haven’t been waging war in Palestine, then it was a good rehearsal. The slaying of more than 100 persons most of them innocent of participation, is traceable directly to the United Nation: partition plan, a plan without backing oi enforcement. If this isn’t war, what is, one might like to ask the council? If the shooting of one national by an other isn’t serious business—and not bluff ing—and the Security Council doesn’t know it, the United Nations should reappoint the council. If as many persons were to be killed m the South, the West or the North in this country we’ll bet the United Nations and its Security Council would rise up in holy hor ror and say some more of tne things foi which it has more than once become silly in the sight of those familiar with true justice and honor. JC’s Christmas Program Wilmington is to have a Christmas tree ablaze with light tonight. Not the great tree in Hilton park, the early lightning of which has met councilmanic opposition, but one on the post office lawn which will shed its benizon upon young and old hence forth through the holiday season, with ap propriate Christmas music at intervals. And all because the Junior Chamber of Commerce believes wholeheartedly in the traditions and spirit of the season. Starting early, the Jaycees have worked, as they work at everything they undertake, with unflagging zeal to make this period one long to be remembered. Santa Claus has accepted their invitation to visit Wilmington, starting today. He will arrive by train, not by sled, at 4:15 o’clock this afternoon, and with adequate escort, be driven south on Front street from the Coast Line station to Market street, east on Market to Third street, north to Chest nut street and west to the post office, where he will be officially greeted and re ceive the key to the city from Miss Wil mington of 1947. Thereafter, until the tree is lighted at 3 o’clock, he will show his smiling countenance, albeit partially hid den by the proverbial whiskers, in many neighborhoods. Altogether this is to be a very busy late afternoon and early eve ning for old St. Nick. And a happy one, too. Daily thereafter, the Jaycees have ar ranged special Christmas entertainment afternoon and evening through Christmas Eve, with the crowning events for under privileged children scheduled for the Tues day of Christmas week—a special Christ mas dinner with roast turkey and all the trimmings, and a free show at the Manor theater. The complete program of events will be published in the Star’s news columns. What we wish to emphasize is that the Junior Chamber of Commerce is doing a splendid thing in promoting, sponsoring and directing this public celebration of the holiday season and to note that the pro gram has required not only careful plan ning by this live organization but fine co operation by merchants, restaurants, Manor theater, Tide Water Power com pany, public officials, private citizens, ROTC Band, Shrine and Legion drum corps, Brigade Boys club, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, radio stations and school children. The Jaycees have a way of putting across the many and varied projects they undertake, as their long record of achieve ments proves. It is no wonder that some | fifty more of Wilmington’s young men should seek membership in the ranks. Clark On Loyalty There was a hopeful amount of good sense in Attorney General Tom Clark’s let ter to the Loyalty Review Board, and in the list of “totalitarian, fascist, commu nist or subversive” organizations that it contained. The job of making sure of gov ernment employes’ loyalty is ticklish, as well as important. It could be neglected through a lazy assumption that there is nothing to worry about, or it could turn into a bigoted, vindictive purge. Both dangers can be avoided if govern ment agencies follow the advice of Mr. Clark and Seth Richardson, the review board’s chairman. They made it clear that membership in any group on the Justice Department’s list is not proof of disloyalty. It is simply a piece of evidence, and not in itself a reason for dismissal. As Mr. Clark said, “ ‘Guilt by association’ has never been one of the principles of our American jurisprudence." The list contains some 80 organizations and schools. It was based largely on re ports of the FBI, whose agents probably know better than any other investigators the YeaHy dangerous outfits among sus pected groups. Mr. Clark noted that the list was incomplete, and gave a plausible excuse for many omissions. There was not enough available data. It is not surprising that Mr. Clark’s list didn’t make a hit with Chairman J. Par nell Thomas of the House Un - American Activities Committee. He called it “woe fully incomplete” and “utterly farcical.” There are probably two reasons for Mr. Thomas’ disappointment. Mr. Clark neglected to call in the Thom as Committee to point out the Reds to him. Also, through an evident disinclination to go off the deep end, he kept his list down to 80 (including rightist groups), while the Thomas Committee last year put out a catalog of 363 left-wing groups alone. Mr. Thomas likewise implied that Mr. Clark has failed to enforce laws requiring foreign government agents to register. He said he would ask his committee to call on the attorney general to “tell us why these acts have not been enforced, or if they cannot be enforced, how they can be strengthened.” If Mr. Thomas would give his question a little thought, he might figure out why enforcement of those laws is a tough as signment. First of all, members of the American Communist Party are not legally Soviet agents, even though it is certain that they take their orders from Moscow. Since some undoubted Soviet agents are operating hfere through a legal political party, it is understandably hard to gel them to sign a statment of their true ac tivities. It is even harder to pin a foreign agent charge on an officer of a “front” or ganization who isn’t a communist, howevei loudly he may be hawking communisl propaganda. None of the moves to outlaw the Com munist Party has ever gotten very far. For] there is always the assurance that, once outlawed, the party would dissolve into “front” groups and become more slippery than ever. This is not to say that our jurisprudence is perfect, but as long as we cling to the principle that no person may be convicted of law violation, whether misdemeaner or felony, without conclusive evidence, Mr. Clark obviously has the right of the argu ment. It is up to the Thomas Committee to produce this evidence, an undertaking we hope can be brought to a successful con clusion in all cases shadowed by the com mittee’s suspicions. This country needs a purge of all un-Americanism, but it can come only when the proof is forthcoming. As Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1947, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) WASHINGTON, Dec. 11.—I should like to report more about the Josephson brothers, Leon and Bernard, and the Cafes Society, uptown and downtown, New York, which have been given a great deal of free ad vertising in the night club, amusement and underworld columns of our press. Such copy is optional, it has absolutely no news value. Ed Sullivan, who covers this nrunSfoT the New York News gave us a good example recently in an nem gratuitously announcing the beg_uning of a engagement at the uptown house by Lany Adler, a vaudeville act, who plays mouth organ. T ast February, the Thomas committee on*un-American activities ^covered that Leon Josephson obtained by fraud F* American passport for Gerhart Eislei, the chTef of the Soviet conspiracy against the neonle and the government of the United Stafes. Bernard Josephson is one of the incorporators of Cafe Society which oper ates both cafes. Lucy Josephson, the wife of Leon, is a co-holder of the liquor license for the uptown place. They all live in an apartment on West 16th St., New lor . Eisler’s passport was issued fu the of Samuel Liptzen, age about 55, born in Lipsk, Russia, who came here in 1909, be came a citizen in 1917, helped J^Smtes the communist party in the United States in 1920 and has been a member eyer since Liptzen has an office in the building at 35 East 12th St., which houses the national and state communist parties, The Laity Worker and Freiheit, a Jewish paper which shares machinery Tyith The Worker. Liptzen professes to be a humble handy man for Freiheit and strikes the pose of a confused but philosophical greenhorn. Actually, he is a shrewd, active commu nist and a liar by the record. He made a trip to Canada in 1945 ,to collect bills for Freiheit, about that time the Russian atomic spy ring was in action. Edward Kuntz, a lawyer, representing Liptzen and Freiheit and who formerly rep resented The Worker, tried to convince the committee that Freiheit was not a com munist paper because some of its em ployees and contributors could not be shown to hold party cards. He said, he himself, was not a member, although he was sympathetic to “most of communism.” He had been chief of a staff of 300 lawyers of the International Labor Defense, a no torious communist agency, and an habitue of both of the night clubs of the Joseph sons. The application for the false passport for Eisler, issued in the name of Liptzen, was accompanied by Liptzen’s naturalization papers. Liptzen told the committee under oath that these papers were stolen by a burglai from his room at 228 or 230 West 14th St. in the red blotch of downtown New York, in the summer of 1932 or 1933. He said he raised an outcry and that the police came but did nothing. He lived in this apartment three or four years but could not remember the address. Louis J. Russell, a former F.B.l. man now a detective for the committee, said Liptzen actually took two years to report the theft of his papers, a precious pos session of every naturalized alien. He testi fied that the thief would have had to pass through three bedrooms where three per sons were asleep, and a kitchen, to get to Liptzen’s room. One of the persons in the apartment that night remained un identified and Russell said he had ground for a belief that this person was Eisler, himself, although Liptzen swore that he had never met Eisler or Leon Josephson, either. Actually Liptzen and Leon Joseph son were old friends and it is incredible that this founding father of the anti-Ameri can conspiracy, employed around head quarters, remained a stranger to the man who was sent here to take charge. Leon Josephson refused to testify and was tried and convicted of contempt of Congress in the district court in New York. He got one year and a fine of $1,000. He is now out on appeal. A government expert swore to his opin ion that Leon Josephson filled in the ques tionnaire in the application for the pass port which was issued to Eisler. This was done in August, 1934, and Eis ler proceeded to Paris as Liptzen and there got a visa from the Soviet authorities for a trip to Russia. v _ l 1 no A D n»r,mr 7ncnnh cnn XIX , ivui, *^v****^.k. - - — r—- - went to Spain although he had been idle and appeared to be broke. The next year, Barney is detected as a sponsor of the Spanish Refugee Appeal. This was a branch of the Anti-Fascist Refugee Com mittee which paid Eisler a living allow ance as a communist functionary in New York. It also financed the triumphant re turn to Jugoslavia of Drog Tito, the butcher who later murdered five American Army flyers by shooting them down, unarmed, over territory which the United States had liberated from the Germans. Leon Josephson was arrested in Copen hagen in 1936 with George Mink, a Rus sian communist, who had four American passports. One had been issued to Harry Hyman Kaplan, of Trenton, N. J., the Josephson’s’ home town. Kaplan owned a hotel in Trenton and Barney Josephson had worked for him. Mr. Russell testified that Kaplan said his passport had been stolen by Barney Josephson. He told Mr. Russell, however, that he couldn’t prove it. An applicant for a passport must be ac companied by a witness to identify him. Apparently the identifying witness is not required to establish his own true identity. A government expert swore to his profes sional opinion that Eisler’s witness, who identified him as Liptzen, was I,eon Joseph son. This witness gave the name of “Bernard A. Hirschfield.” Bernard, of course, is the first name of Josephson’s brother. Hirschfield was their mother’s maiden name. In the same vein, the name of Berger, which Eisler sometimes used here, was the maiden name of Liptzen’s mother. Leon was born in Libau, Latvia, now in Soviet Russia, but Barney was born in Trenton of the same parents. Both enjoyed American freedom and opportunity, but Leon, nevertheless, told the American con sul-general in Copenhagen that he put above all the laws of the United States the orders of his communist central com mittee. Edward Kuntz, the “non - communist” lawyer for Liptzen, The Daily Worker and Freiheit, and the director of the great com munist legal staff of the spurious “Labor Defense, was asked whether he knew Leon. Yes, he did. j “KING’S HIGHWAY’’ | Turning Point In London By JOSEPH ALSOP LONDON,—There is a kind of tense, unspoken drama in the air of London at tire moment. At Lancaster House, the wranglings of the Foreign Ministers make it daily more apparent that the formal division o f the world is about to occur. The morning pa pers, bringing news of France and Palestine, daily proclaim the magnitude of the burden the United States would have to shoulder to meet the Soviet chal lenge alone in the divided world ahead. And here, meanwhile, in the ancient government offices along Whitehall, in the coal fields ,and in the industrial cities of the north, the question of the British future is being decided by the British people. For Americans, this is a vital question. If Britain continues to lose strength, as she has been losing strength continuously since the end of the war, the whole task of meeting the Soviet challenge will fall squarely upon us in every region of the world from the Baltic to the China sea. Under the circumstances, i t is fortunate that Britian at last seems to be rounding the post war corner. Ouwardly, things are worse than last year. To be sure, the grim and battered drabness of London is now here and there relieved by a little new paint, which gives the effect of the first hesitant buds of a very late, very cold spring. But rations are low er than a year ago. Queues are longer. People look more shabby and seem less optimistic. The simplest, most ordinary pleas ures of life are more expensive and harder to come by. Under neath this depressing surface, however, three major events are at last beginning to take shape, which by this spring should give the British people far better grounds for hope t han they have had b efore. First, the postwar slump in workers’ output seems to be coming to an end. In every coun Let ’em Eat Less Meat By PETED EDSON WASHINGTON, — Charles Luckman, the big Boston soap and food-saving man, was not yet decently out of town when the President’s Cabinet Food Committee called a press confer ence to announce it was still in the eggless and meatless day business. Also to introduce Luck man’s successor. He turned out to be a big,' fair haired boy of 31 named James A. Stillwell, from Chickasha, Ok la. Before coming into the State Department in 1942 he sold auto mobiles. But he apparently never made $300,000 a year at it, or he wouldn’t have stayed in Wash ington these past five years, working on lend-lease, occu pied Areas and such stuff. He’s now special assistant to. Under secretary Lovett. It was Secretary of Agriculture Clinton Anderson who stole the spotlight at Stillwell’s first show. He did it by admitting that, while there was no official gov ernment slogan to ‘Eat Less Meat,” that is the desired re sult. It’s to go on at least until fall, when the next grain harvest comes in and farmers can go back to feeding livestock and poultry in the style to which they are accustomed. The experts have figured it out that there’s going to be only 146 pounds of meat, per capia, in 1948. Don’t ask how they know •this, but they say they do. This 146 pounds a year amounts to not quite three pounds per week, or about six ounces a day. If you can’t visualize six ounces of meat, it’s the equivalent of four hot dogs. This 146 pounds for 1948 is 10 pounds less than the average person is consuming in 1947. This meas three ounces of meat — two hot dogs — less per week next year. In sum mary, you’ll get the equivalent of only 26 hot dogs per week next year, instead of 28. Americans have lived on a darn sight less than 146 pounds per average in years past. In 1938, the average consr nption was 126 pounds a yee \ In 1943, it was 136 pounds. This year, 156 pounds. If income stays up and people keep on buying all the meat they want, the proble mis how to keep on buying all the meat they want, the problem is how to keep them from rising in revolution when they can’t get it. Meat has become a kind of symbol. Not • being able to enjoy all four of daily hot dogs is worse than not being able to enjoy all our of your freedoms. If meat is scarcer, Secretary Anderson says the price is bound to go higher. That may upset the whole economic hot dog stand. There may be plenty of every thing else. Plenty of mustard, rolls and relish. But as long as there is a shortage of meat and as long as people have to pay high prices for what they get, they may be justified in asking for higher wages. Because meat is one of the biggest items in the family food budget. Meat prices are now at record highs. One load of steers recent ly brought an all-time high of $38.50 a hundred pounds in Chi cago. Individual steers have sold as high as $500—close to 50 cents a pound. Hogs have gone as high as $27 a hundred. These are some of the factors behind Anderson’s present re quest for congressional authority to price ceilings on meat. A year or so ago, when OPA was still around, the Department of Agriculture suggested that ceilings on meat animals be set at $16.25 a hundred for hogs and $20.25 a hundred for beef. A yell went up that those figures were too high. But look at them now. And the worst is yet to come. Anderson won’t say what the ceilings would be if he had power to slap them on today. His reason is that there are too many specu lators now operating on the mar kets. **■ To the meat industry’s conten tion that price controls and ra tioning would mean a return to black markets and still higher prices, Anderson replies that he hopes for greated powers to regu late black markets than were available to OPA in wartime. It is a bit difficult to see how price controls can be put on meat without also rationing meat. But there are no plans to reimpose rationing at this time. Anderson is against it. He says it’s too hard to ration just one article in the economy. He also points to the face there were prices controls on such items as soap and clothing in wartime, and we got by without rationing. But if the meat packers and the livestock raisers and the con suming public don’t co - operate on eating less meat, Anderson admits that rationing may be come necessary later on. try, after every major war, this slackening of effort invariably occurs. It is natural that it should, since the stimulus of self preservation is suddenly remov ed from men and women who have overdriven themselves for years. Recovery is generally au tomatic, but until this fall there was a big question in Britain whether the workers would real ly recover at all. The circum stances of their lives were hard; few prizes could be offered for increased effort. There seemed to be no reason why they should ever begin again to make the same expenditure of energy a s before the war. That doubt has now been largely laid to rest by the cru cial figures on coal output. In 1938, production in the mines was 1.14 tons per man shift. At the beginning of this year, it was still only 1.03 tons. But in No vember, manshift production in the mines rose to 1.12 tons. This winter there is every reason to hope that the effort of the Bri tish workers will return to and perhaps surpass the prewar normal. It speaks volumes for th'e determination o f the British people that this should be hap pening while the conditions of life have actually deteriorated. Second, while the workers are getting down to business, the government seems to be doing the same thing. On the one hand, the necessity of limiting national commitments has been faced. At the end of the war, with severe ly reduced resources, Britain at tempted to do twice as much as ever before. An unprecedented program of internal reconstruc tion was combined with an im measurably greater military ef fort (forced on her by the Soviet Union) than Britian had ever be fore made in peacetime. Both these forms of effort have now been cut down, although perhaps not so far as may be necessary in the long run. Meanwhile, on the other hand, the labcr government has been putting its own house in order. The disastrous Emmanuel Shin well was some time ago remov ed from the crucial post of or ganizer of coal production. And now, by a strange accident, Dr. Hugh Dalton has retired from the Exchequer. He has not gone without doing harm. With a strong assist from our Treasury, Teach Children Values In Food By WILLIAM A. (,7,SRifv Proper food selecion Mr>' be taught children at : hou!d age, to make them awarr e-dr'v necessity, and its relation. i? good health. nshlP to The nutritional educate the American people has” ri°f veloped enormously ln ? five years, largely a of the war effort proved economic POnH‘:,. 10 Until thej re,dfit “"’I,, cr 12, children have htq(. . ; ^ tunity to select thei unless their parents are of the desirability of their 8r* ing to do so. Tim school fc program has been an ln,n ,nch element in directing the??"11 tion of parents and child,?? selection0'tanCe °f P,'°per *°od Children should acquire Ps-'. in life a willingness to ar° pasteurized milk the nr? P vegetables (cooked !^ fruits whole - grained cerVaU and breads, eggs and deserts. Children who ’’ sweet-lovers usually eat ana‘e adequate diet, for normal dren seldom crave sweets. ' The school day should start wjth a g°od breakfast consistin' of pasteurized milk, gar-? juice or a citrus fruit, an eBg and a whole - grain cereal? toast. Coffee has no place in , diet of children, for it tends tn displace milk. The school lunch should in elude pasteurized milk and , main dish of protein food, such as beans, eggs, macaroni Pr spaghetti made with cheese or meat. A thick meat soup is also a good main item, and it mar contain some vegetable. Ice cream and fruit, not cakt or cookies, are the best pu around deserts for g-0winj children. and an even stronger one from the Bank of England, Dalton has the major responsibility for wast ing $1,200,000,000 on convertibili ty. The loss leaves Britain in a temporarily desperate financial situation. But the replacement of Dalton by the brilliantly a ble Sir Stafford Cripps, and the integra tion of the whole national eco nomic effort under Cripps’ direc tion, give hope of better things in the future. Finally, with the British work ers and British government get ting down to business, it is most important of all that the United States is also getting down to business. The embryo pattern of economic organization for the non-Soviet world can he dimly discerned in the Marshall plan At the same time, the Marshall plan will at last begin to pro vide the new captial which Bri tain so urgently needs. Without the Marshall plan, the British cannot pull through. The present program may prove to be no more than a beginning but the fact that the beginning has been made at least offers the British (and therefore, indirectly, our selves) a way out of what w ould otherwise have proved a dead end s treet. Let us make no mistake about it. Before we can relax our own efforts, there will be man y bad times to get through. Here in Britain, Dr. Dalton’s financial errors are likely to result in further ration cuts this winter. There is also a grave possibility, if the Marshall plan is passed too late, that there will be an other run on the British Treas ury. The prospect of ration cuts is already driving the Left wing g roup in the Labor party to urge economy overseas. I! we do not grasp the need to main tain our partner in health an. strength, we must be prepared for troop withdrawals from still more important key areas, in cluding even Germany, on t:.e pattern of the withdrawal from Greece. As for another run on the British Treasury, it would bring the British Commonweal!' down in ruins, and leave us facing the Soviet Union to al. ' tents alone. In short, the B.i'wi people and the British govern ment are doing their end of the job with a nerve and a willing ness to tighten their belts t-a. any foreigner must admire. The real question here is whether we in America, in our own hard-headcld, cold-blooded in terests, will do our share of L® job wisely, generously an m time. Copywright, 1947, New kor* Herald Tribune, Inc,. _ Are They Disabled.'' An Editorial from the Richmond Times-Dispateh How many of the 35000 Army and Navy officers now drawing disability retirement pensions are actually disabled by virtue of illness or injury suffered dur ing their military careers? The case of the notorious Major General Bennett E Myers has raised the question, and Con gress and the President have asked the military services some rather uncomfortable questions. The Army - Navy Personnel Board in consequence has re commended that all armed forces members retired for such reason be re-examined and that the services in future should relate the size of the pay ments to the extent of the disa bility. So liberal are retirement pro visions in the services now that, without scrupulous admin istration, they could inspire a host of little raids on the Federal Treasury. Some have previously been intimated in Washington. The case of the ef fulgent “Benny” normals one wonder how many mo. there may have been. , In Myers’ case, (for an undisclosed cau"; which Secretary for ,f'" , Force W. Stuart Syming. i indicated was a nervous ^ down) meant monthly !550 for the exofficer, tree . ■ income tax. This was Pr0J! s under military r< which retire an officer ’ disability while on act;' f s ice at 75 per cent of be-.'- . • This came to $5,000 a the retired Air Force general. . , The nation should ’••• ^ this inquiry of conditic • military establishment , Army and Navy are no les; n ject to bureaucratic cvm _ any other governments.a* ■ which can spend without j to earn Indeed, the uncflW* public acceptance of st expenditures in wartime iinevitably results in som _ cesses, which must rected later.