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that the Jews are a "miraclc people,"
meaning by that they expected re sults like freedom to be obtained without the resort to the means by which results would naturally be se cured. It is indeed extraordinary that the Jews should entertain such an idea. For there is no people in the world in which the individual members are more conscious of the fact that success is the result of per sistent effort. No Jew expects any results for himself by miracle. He expects to work for them, and the Jew so frequently obtains results be cause he does work for them. It is the persistence of the individual Jew his willingness to exert him self to forego pleasure and to un dergo pain, to brave dangers, and submit to sacrifice, that win his in dividual success. But when the Jews have sought results for the whole people, they seem to have forgotten the lessons of everyday life. They have lacked the states man-like quality which should bring them together each saying: "I as one of the people will join with each and every other member of my peo ple to attain the end in which the whole people is interested, and as such I will make the necessary sac rifices so that our great end may be achieved." What we need, therefore, is that the Jews individually shall, for the common cause of the Jewish peo ple, be ready to make sacrifices like those which they are always making in order to attain their individual successes. When Jews are ready to do that, the three million Jews of America with their high intelligence and strong will cannot fail to have a great effect in ameliorating the condition of their brethren in other lands. Patience may be necessary as well as persistence. But patience, persistence and devotion will ac complish, sooner or later, in one way or another, the great end we have in view. The purpose of our deliber ation, when we come together in conference and in Congress, must be to discover what the best way is to proceed in order soonest to at tain that end. But it will never be attained unless the individual Jew is willing to make such sacrifices in time, in effort, and in money. The great Jewish inheritance and the great American inheritance de mand that each and every one of you should specially pledge yourself to wrork for that end. At Los Angeles. Cal., a Woman's Auxiliary to the B'nai B'rith lodge has been established. 406 THE AMERICAN JEWISH WOULD NEWS ABOUT JEWS EVERYWHERE. Mrs. Joseph Fels, of Philadelphia, has been chosen one of the five permanent American members of the Ford Peace Party. Nathan Straus, Jacob H. Schiff, Daniel B. Freedman, Alvin Unter meyer, Charles S. Guggenheimer, Harry Bronner and Bernard Sachs are among the incorporators of the Andrews Freedman Home for the Aged and Infirm. Isaac N. Seligman has been made third vice-president of the Tuber culosis Preventorium for Children. Dr. Joseph I. Gorfinkle has been appointed a member of the City Planning Commission of Mount Vernon, N. Y. The New York Immigrant Aid Society has learned from private sources that there are now a num ber of Jewish refugees in various towns in Japan in dire distress. Many of these are deserters from the Rus sian army, very few of whom have managed to get to America. "Gymal Doled" is the rather sug gestive name of an organization of a society of Jewish young men at Milwaukee, Wis. The Society is an organization, primarily social, but its members are actively interested in all things Jewish. Reports which have reached from Siberia paint in gloomy colors the position of the Jewish refugees and exiles sent there. Thousands of Jews from Poland and Russia were transported to Siberia, and in the dis trict of Fnisseisk alone about a thousand Jews are scattered in twenty-nine villages. Many of them were only released after the recent strong demands of the local Liberals. There were a number of Jewish delegates present at the National Conference on Immigration and Americanization held at the Bel levue-Stratford. Philadelphia, Pa., January 19-20. Some of them were: Rev. Dr. Henry Berkowitz, Mr. Charles J. Cohen, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel S. Fels, Mr. Samuel S. Fleisher. of Philadelphia Dr. Jacob H. Hollander, of Baltimore Mr. Julius Rosenwald, of Chicago, and Mr. Felix M. Warburg, of New York. At the request of the Shakes peare Tercentenary Celebration February 4,1916 Committee, Mayor Mitchell has ap pointed a committee to assist in the festival to be held in New York City next May. Otto H. Kahn will be chairman and some of the appointees are Jacob Adler, David Belasco, Joseph Barondess, Abraham Cahan, A. J. Dittenhoefer, Samuel Gompers, Mrs. Daniel Guggenheim, Morris Hillquit, Adolph Lewisohn, Dr. Henry M. Leipziger, Walter Lipp man. Adolph S. Ochs, Jacob H. Schiff, Mrs, Mortimer L. Schiff, Oscar S. Straus, Miss Lillian D. Wald and Dr. Stephen S. Wise. Rabbi To Conduct Camp. Rabbi B. C. Ehrenreich of Mont gomery, Ala., will conduct a boy's camp at Minocqua, Wis. It will be known as "Camp Kawaga" and will combine the features of vacation camp and summer school. Rabbi Ehrenreich plans to make Kawaga one of the best equipped and most beautifully arranged camps in the country. It will be open during the coming season from June 29 to Sep tember 4. Paper Fined For Jewish Sympathies. The publisher of the Russian pa per, Smolenski Telegraph, has been fined 3,000 roubles for publishing a pro-Jewish resolution of the peas ants in the government of Smolensk, and the editor of the paper has been sentenced to three months' impris onment. The resolution in question points out the great sacrifices that the Jews in this war have brought for Russia and the terrible position of the Jewish fugitives, and requests the authorities of the government of Smolensk to grant the 23 fugitive Jewish families in this district the lease of communal land and the right to trade, as this is also in the interest of the rural population. Society To Study Jewish Life. In Petrograd was recently formed an organization of non-Jews with the object of studying Jewish life and history and combating anti Semitism. Among the prominent members of the organization arc Leonid Andreyey, Count Tolstoi, Professor Milyukoff, Deputy Ker enski and a number of other writers, artists and statesmen. In the open ing address Maxim Gorki said that it is the aim of the society to give the anti-Semites an opportunity to study Jewish life and culture. After they have learned something about the Jewish spirit they will cease be ing anti-Semites. An unknown per son donated the sum of 10,000 roubles for the general purposes of the society.