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VOL. VII. St. Paul and Minneapk.
The American people, Jews and non-Jews alike, will soon be asked to lend or contribute the larger part of a fund of approximately $1,000,000, 000 to carry out plans for the recon struction of the Jewry of the entire world. Announcement to this ef fect, together with the general plan of procedure was made public last night, following a meeting held yes terday in the office of Felix M. War burg of Kuhn, Loe'b & Co., Chair man of the Joint Distribution Com mittee of the American Funds for [Jewish War Sufferers. While the appeal will.^go out to •the Entire world, the people 6f war |ravaged Europe, i-t is believed, will inot be in position to further the plan ^financially to any large extent, sq 'that the burden will fall upon the (United States, Canada, and perfiaps ^England, The money for the project, thd[ targest pilrefy humanitarian under-1 taking in history, will not be soughll Ijjikme-through contributions, but will jembrace loans, and will be accepted "rom non-Jewish as well as Jewish! sources. The exact date and the} iuratiori of the campaign for the bil-: Hon-dollar reconstruction fund was! lot announced but preliminary works has already begun. The plan is the result of months! bf study by the Joint Distribution! A^ommittee of reports frpm every! fcbuntry in which Jews have been •thade to suffer through the war, ancf ilicludes the sending of commissions of American Jews, experts in philan thropy, social service, education and, business, to Russia,f Rjimanja, Po $ 1,000,000,000 Fund to Rebuild Jewry Six Million Souls Will Need Help to Resume Normal Life When War is Ended. A'Weekly Journal ol Modean Jewish Life and Labors 9$Sor land, Palestine, Serbia, Greece, Bul garia and other lands as soon as the international situation permits. The work has already been initiated in several countries where recent allied successes have made a beginning possible. 6,000,000 Jews Need Help. From reports from representatives abroad it is estimated that of the 9, 000,000 to 12,000,000 souls making up the Jewish population of the world, exclusive of the 3,000,000 "Jews in the United States, a quarter of the number are destitute, starv ing, and homeless, and fully half will need assistance to b.ecome self-sup porting again. Loans without interest will be jmade available to Jews in various Iparts of the world so that business 'enterprises may be reconstructed* fThe only security will be the stabili ty of the industries after they have been put upon a sound business foundation. The only mortgages, it was said, will be "mortgages of honor," on the word of the Jewish people. The 1 work has already been in augurated through the organization of three commissions. Miss H. Gold-, man, daughter of Dr. Julius Gold niah of New York, -is now on her way to Saloniki, and she will visit Serbia, Bulgaria, and Rumania as soon as possible to establish a* branch of the committee in each country: -Dr. Solomon Lowenstein, Superintendent of the Hebrew Or phan Asvlum of New York, is on his vyay to this country, following an inspection trip to Palestine on be- Ja^0 No. diuftg y of the committee. Dr. Boris D, iiJogen, Secretary of. the Fiel| Bureau of the National Conference of Jewish Charities, has applied fj| passports for Vladivostok, and will go there under the auspices of tlj^ committee. I Realizing the immensity of tlj^j task of reconstruction and the labor/ funds, and scientific knowledge re quired, the Joint Distribution Com* imittee has inaugurated a study the huge problem, with a view being prepared as rapidly as condi-j tions allow to enter upon-a prograi of permanent rehabilitation, suite to the especial needs, environments! and circumstances of .the.Jews different parts of the world. The commissions to be sent frot America will perform their labors and render American assistant through. representative Jews of th« nations and localities to which they", go, following out the present policy) of the Joint Distribution Committeej in disbursing the more than $20,000^ 000 raised by American Jewry fc war relief since 1914. Outline of Reconstruction Plan. It is'planned to give reconstruc tion work the benefit of American system, energy, and resourcefulness, reinforced by American^ millions.^ The scope of the undertaking in itsn "broad outlines embraces' 'the follow-^ ing: 'W-'- 1. Immediate and temporary sistan'ce necessary to pavfe the for permanent feconstruction, vife.|| the supplying -of food,. cli)thitjg|J shelter and medical attention. *J'2. 'Scientific 'sfudy upon ijhls ground of the various forms recrinrf struction 'shall take, according jt|| the needs of the several populations^ 3. Employment of labor, ,throutl| the planning and carrying out Of