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WELFARE BOARD ORGANIZ
ING NEW YORK CITY. The Jewish Welfare Board is or ganizing Neiw York City block by 'block to care for the dependents of its men in uniform. When the drafted man marches away, the folks that are left behind re quire some looking after. The Home Service Division of the Red Cross, the War Camp Community Service, Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A., and other welfare agencies have cared for those cases tfhat 'have been brought to their notice. The New York City Branch of the Jewish Welfare Board, of which, former Ambassador Abram I. Elkus is chairman, has a plan that will make sure that no one is left out. Using the local draft board as the unit of organization, the Jewish (Wel fare Board plans to form committees on each block. The 'committees will be chiefly composed of men in de ferred classification, upon whom will fall the burden of caring for the fam ilies of those who are inducted into the service. The block committee will ascertain from the draft board the names and addresses of all men subject to call. As far as possible an effort will be made to determine the home condi tions, and the need for future assist ance. AS JEWS—AND NOTHING ELSE. By Major Ormsby-Gore, Liaison Member of the Zionist Com mission in Palestine. You have asked me, as political officer in charge of the Zionist Com mission which has been sent out to Palestine by His Majesty's Govern ment to attend this historic gather ing and to say a few words of good wishes to you, the representatives of all Jewry in the Occupied Part of Palestine, on behalf of my Govern ment. My Government—the Brit ish .Government—has said one or two important things during this war concerning Palestine. My Government has said that if England and her Allies win this war, the future Government of Palestine shall not be Turkish, because in this war England and her Allies are fighting not for the.extension of any Empire, nor for the acquisition of further power or further territory •but they are fighting for an ideal shjared by all our Allies, namely, that pountries shall be governed in the interests and according to the Wishes and the aspirations of the inhabitants of these countries. We 166 THE AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD are satisfied when we look at the results of Turkish rule upon the land and the people of Palestine, that such rule ought to disappear in the interests of Palestine and of civ ilization. The Turkish rule in Pal estine was an alien rule, and was not in the best interests of any of the in habitants of Palestine, and more over such a rule crippled the free development, economic and political, of this country. My Government has said that it wishes to see the people of Palestine among others freed from the rule of the Turks but it has as yet said nothing as to what government should take its place—that is a mat ter for the Peace Conference. But Mr. Balfour has made an historic declaration with regard to the Zion ists that he wishes to see created and built up in Palestine a National Home for the Jewish people. What do we understand by this? We mean that those Jews who vol untarily come to live in Palestine should live in Palestine as Jewish Nationalists, i. e., that they should be regarded as Jews and nothing else, and that they should be abso lutely free to develop Hebrew edu cation, to develop the country and live their own life in their own way in Palestine, freely but only submitting equally with all others to the laws of the land. I shall tell the British Govern ment when I go back what the Jews of Palestine have done already to realize their ideals and what they feel with regard to this National Home. I can say when I go back that I can see in this gathering to day, the pioneer work of the Na tional Home, i. e., a National Home built upon a Hebrew foundation with a definite consciousness and ideal of its own. I can say that whether you come from Russia, from Salonica, from Bokhara, from Poland, from America, from Eng land or from Yemen, you are bound together in Palestine by the ideal of building up a Jewish nation in all its various aspects in Palestine, a national center for Jewry all over the world to look to. This is the ideal of the future, an ideal which I am convinced will be realized with out doing any injustice or injury to any of your neighbors here. But while I look forward to the realiza tion of this ideal, I must remind you of the grim realities of the pres ent. We can still hear the guns and we are in the midst of a desperate strug Novembef 8, 1918. gle not merely between nations, but between ideals. Be patient with the British Government, who wish you well. Do not expect a great deal from them, but expect a great deal from yourselves. At present we are bound to carry on the Turkish sys tem of law, taxation and govern ment. We are bound to do this by international law, and England has always tried to respect this interna tional law. England set its seal to the Hague Convention, which said that when an advance was made into enemy country, the administration should be military and not political, and that such military administra tion should make no attempt to alter or change the institutions of the oc cupied country it is not our wish that this is so, but it is so by the rule of law, and we shall do our best to respect this law no matter who else breaks it. It is difficult for a military ad ministration to make radical changes or to do much to help you and others in the country. Nevertheless some great things have been done already, the British Government has given opportunity to the young men to join the Battalion of Jews from other countries to liberate this coun try. This splendid response of your young men will have a great moral value when history comes to be written. Every one of 'tfiese fine and splendid recruits now enrolled and who are going to the battalions, which have come from England and America, will go as missionaries of Jewish nationalism in Palestine, so that these men will stay in Palestine and help to develop it on just and right lines. The British Government has done something more of great service to you. The Government has sent out to Palestine the Zionist Commis sion. It has sent out Dr. Weizmann that is, the British Government has sent out a man in whom it has con fidence to help the Jews in Palestine in their greatest hour of need. What this help has meant to you I nee4 not go into detail. The Zionist Commission speaks for itself. Dr. Weizmann came here as a stranger to the British authorities, but in a few weeks he has won for himself and for the people whom he repre sents, a position among the British authorities and amongst all with whom he has come into contact in Egypt, Arabia and Palestine, a po sition which is not merely a help, but a cornerstone of the work which lies before you.