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about her ieelings. He went away
with a shoe box full of lunch and a very handsome sweater and helmet he carried a picture in his khaki colored folder, too, but it was one the little stenographer at his office had given him. He was fond of his mother, but, or course, his girl came first. Then, the draft took Bob, the sec ond boy. Mrs. Markus came to the Aid meetings as before and knitted more furiously. There was a rumor about that Mrs. Markus had hoped Bob would be rejected, or at least placed for limited service, on ac count of his eyes. I for one do not believe it. She was not heroic, I tell you only it never occurred to her that she should wish to have the war's hardships weigh a little less heavily upon her than on her neigh bors. iThe other day I met Isadore, the oldest boy, on the street, and he told me he was going to leave very soon. "The last draft got me," he explained. "I was thirty-two my last birthday. Fact. I'm glad it happened as it has. I didn't feel I had a right to enlist, and leave mother all alone, but now the Gov ernment's decided for me, and I'm mighty glad to get into the game and maybe go across before the fun's all over. Heard from Gus the other day he's having a high old time. Yes, it is rather hard on mother, but she doesn't complain." The next morning I met Mrs. Markus at market and she went about her business hunting bargains in her own methodical way she may have been heartbroken at the thought of having no one to cook for in the near future but, still, she was just as determined as ever not to allow good old Mr. Finkelstein (a member of our synagogue board and a most respectable business man) to give her underweight cheese or to sell her unripe oranges. She haggled with him as briskly as ever, but when she turned to me I was really shocked at the look of tragedy in her faded eyes. "She's taking it harder than I thought," I concluded. "She was so brave when Gus left and we always thought he was the favorite." Aloud: "Isadore told me he was going to leave soon, Mrs. Markus. But it won't be for long. The way the papers look the war ought to be over before he's sent across." She shrugged, an ungraceful hajbit of which Minnie had never been able ito cure her. "It is right for Isadore to g© and' I shall not worry. He 306 THE AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD January 10, 1919 is a good boy and can take care of himself any place, and with his brains he'll stand high in the army I know it. But," wearily, "this war is killing me—this war is killing me. Her tone was a dull drab, but in tense with feeling. I was startled for I had never heard her complain before. "It's hard for all of us," I said lamely. "But me! My God, when I' thought I was going to spend my last years in peace, to have this come. Haven't you heard about my Minnie?" I told her I hadn't. "Her husband's in this draft, too," she told me, drearily, "and Min nie wants to come back and stay with me while the war lasts. Ain't it enough," fiercely, "to let my three boys go, but the Government has to want her husband and send Minnie back." She smiled grimly. "If I was a few years younger and could speak French or something I'd try to go over as a Red Cross nurse, as some kind of a worker. They say you have to work awfully hard, but it wouldn't be as bad as Minnie standing over me all the time." —Hebrew Standard. AMERICANS AT WORK IN PALESTINE. How the Zionist Medical Unit Is Clothing the Naked and Heal ing the Sick. Better than the cold, formal words of an official report are the descriptions of the work being done in Palestine by the American Zion ist Medical Unit contained in two letters that have just arrived here from Jerusalem. One letter, dated Oct. 20th, is from the Jerusalem correspondent of the Jewish Morning Journal. He writes to his paper: "The Hadassah Medical Unit is very actively engaged in giving medical aid to the city. The sight of these Jewish physicians of Hadassah, in their military uni forms motoring about has become very familiar, not only in the city but in the various nearby villages. They respond promptly to every call for professional aid, and if the pa^ tient is poor, they not only prescribe free medicines, but a supply of milk, and money, too. This work is of extreme importance a$, inhere is much illness in the city. "The Unit has decided to open in Jerusalem a sdiooj Ipg Jewish nurses, with accommodations for 30 "Mr. Lewin-Epstein has been a students. great stimulus to the Unit in Jeru salem, but it is just as active in Jaffa, where it has opened several clinics and relief stations. The dis tribution of the garments that came with the Unit is being organized, and is of tremendous importance, especially for the refugees who are now returning from Galilee with hardly a stitch to their backs and barefoot. Winter is approaching and these poor, naked, starved refu gees would have been in great peril were it not for this providential supply of garments by Hadassah. "Hadassah is planning a bath house for the refugees. It will be located near the clothing-supply-sta tion and each refugee will undergo a thorough disinfection before re ceiving new garments." The other letter is from Mr. E. W. Lewin-Epstein, the manager of the Unit, and dated Oct. 29th. He writes: "Since entire Palestine and Syria have been captured, our brethren, who have been expelled by the Turks, are beginning to return. It is a pleasure to witness their return to their nests they come in the thousands, but it is terrible to see how the majority of them look. Many return without garments with which to cover their bodies. "Owing to the many diseases prevalent, it was essential that we establish a home in Jaffa—which we did. There they are brought cleaned and disinfected. Their clothes are burned and these poor refugees are furnished with clothing, which was brought with us from the Unit ed States. "Many are sick, and we have therefore established a temporary hospital. There they are being cared for until they are able to leave the house. "Our sanitarians are inspecting all wells, houses, stores, butcher stores, etc. They clean everything and thereby avoid diseases. The Government helps us a great deal, but leaves most of the responsibility to us." Oscar S. Straus, former Ambas sador to Turkey and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, will head the repre sentatives of the League to Enforce Peace, who will be in France during the Peace Conference.