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•9/1 THE AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD iron chancellor ^ismark appoint ed M. Bleichroeder, the well known Berlin Jewish banker, to negotiate the indemnity settle ment, while Thiers, the head of the French mission appointed Baron Rothschild of Paris as the French negotiator. It is true that in Europe of the middle ages, the Jew was not permitted to render his diplomatic services to his country, but in Spain, Portugal and the Atlas countries, the Jews had not only been permitted to render diplomatic services to their countries but they were often looked upon as the diplo mats and displayed great skill and resourcefulness in settling in ternational problems. Central and Western Europe has not yet freed itself from its medieval traditions, barring the Jews as diplomats but where no such traditions pre vail or where such traditions have been destroyed, the Jew is given an opportunity to make himself useful as a peace negotia tor.—The Sentinel. THE RIOTS IN JAFFA The news of bloody riots in Jaffa culminating in the death of thirty Jews and ever so many Arabs and in two hundred other casualties has stirred the Jewish population everywhere because there is already an orderly civil administration in Palestine head ed by a Jewish notable and an experienced statesman, Sir Her bert Samuel. The pogrom in Jerusalem of a year ago was as cribed to the machinations of certain British officials of the Army of Occupation who were opposed to the policy of the Brit ish government in regard to Palestine, but this time, the riots in Jaffa cannot possibly be as cribed to the Palestine adminis tration. It is a well known fact that certain political adventurers and conspirators in Palestine are intriguing against the Jewish set tlement and are trying their ut most to incite Arab against Jew, but the officials of the local ad ministration have a watchful eye on these adventurers and it can be stated in most positive terms that the Jaffa riot is not a result of these intrigues. In an official statement to the London govern ment, the Palestine High Com missioner said that the riots can be traced to communistic activi ties. Some four or five months ago the news came from Moscow that the Soviet government had sent emissaries to Palestine to propa gate Bolshevism among Jews and Arabs alike. A little later news reached this country that a com munistic party has been estab lished in Palestine and that its active members were more than three hundred in number. Jewish working men in Jaffa petitioned the local authorities with a view to permit them to hold a first May day demonstration. Since the petitioners were known to the authorities as peaceful men, their requesk was Complied with and 1 i" 4 the demonstration. Wis held, but it ended in Woody riots. How the peaceful demonstration was turned into a Jewish massacre has not as yet been learned. The following facts are known, First that the Jews were unarmed because responding to the appeal of Sir Herbert Samuel upon his arrival in Palestine to surrender arms and ammunition in posses sion of the civil population, the Jews in Palestine gave up their arms. Second, that the Arabs in Palestine had not complied with the demand of the civil adminis tration to surrender the arms and are armed to their teeth. Third, that the communists in Palestine are playing the part of the pro Arab and are busily engaged in exciting the Arab against the Jew. Fourth, that the Arabs at tacking the Jews in the streets of Jaffa fled upon the arrival of the English military and the latter could spare all their ammunition. Two points are thus clear. First that the civil government has done little to disarm the Arabs and secondly that it tolerated the presence of Bolshevik agitators in Palestine and Sir Herbert Samuel will have to answer these two charges. As long as the Arabs were not disarmed, it was unwise to disarm the Jews and having given the authority to ex pel undesirables and dangerous elements from the country no matter whether they be Jews or non-Jews, it was the duty of the civil administration to free the country from the red plague by expelling all the three hundred Bolshevik parasites constituting the so-called Palestine Bolshevik Party. We understand that an English Liberal statesman of the type of Sir Herbert Samuel does not re sort so easily to the act of ex pulsion. Until recently England granted asylum even to the most dangerous anarchists but what Sir Herbert ought to bear in mind and what he did not bear in mind was that what England can tolerate, Palestine cannot. England is a well organized coun try and its people, the most dis ciplined in the world. Palestine is a weak country, still a disorgan ized country and its inhabitants consisting mostly of savage Arabs are everything but dis ciplined. Not only three hundred communists but even five can stir up trouble in Palestine and can cause a catastrophe because of the excitable character of the orientals. In view of the fact that the so-called Christian Arabs, un der French influence are opposed to English policies in Palestine and are trying to do their utmost to prevent the carrying out of these policies, a watchful eye on the conspirators and mischief makers in the Holy Land and their eventual expulsion is an ab solute necessity. Now Sir Herbert Samuel will have to resort to the expulsion of the Bolshevik crim inals because their presence in the country has proved to be a J7amig»7 r"r''i'=iSngPErltrT''''rg-ntfrnt^jgnia irraij^^ifwnffl' y'l'i'' real menace to the jeace and a real danger to the population Nor will he be in a position to tol erate any longer, armed Arabs. He will have to disarm them just as he has disarmed the Jews even if physical force will have to be used, for as long as the Arabs are armed to their teeth not only the Palestine Jews, but the Eng lish officials in Palestine are in danger of their lives. The small British expeditionary forces in Palestine forming the Army of Occupation could scarcely cope with difficulties arising out of a possible rebellion of armed Arab bands. The reported Jaffa riots prove once more the present weak position of our people in the Holy Land. This weakness is only due to their being a small minority and this in turn is due to the inability of the Zionist Or ganization to ship large numbers of Jews to the Holy Land because they lack funds. The Palestine government has called upon the Zionist leaders to import fifty thousand more Jewish laborers because there is plenty of work for them in the Holy Land. But the request could not be complied with because the Zionist treasury is empty. What is necessary to make the position of the Jews in Palestine an impregnable one is the immigration of two hundred thousand Jews. If the Jewish peo ple will enable the Zionist Or ganization to finance the Jewish immigration to Palestine, the Holy Land will remain a Jewish land, otherwise it will not, in spite of the Balfour Declaration and the San Remo decision and Sir Herbert Samuel.—The Sen tinel. JEWISH WAR SUFFERERS' CAMPAIGN FOR 1921. Louis Marshall, chairman of the American Jewish Relief Com mittee, announced today that the only authorized campaign in 1921 to secure funds to carry on emer gency and reconstructive relief among the Jewish war sufferers of Eastern and Central Europe and Palestine was that to be con ducted by the American Jewish Relief Committee beginning early next fall. "This campaign will be for $14,000,000, the amount determ ined upon as the irreducible min imum necessary to round out the American Jewish Relief work which has been carried on for the past six years and to facilitate the efforts of the Jews of the war swept districts to become once more self-supporting," Mr. Mar shall said. "The campaign of the Ameri can Jewish Relief Committee will be held in connection with the Central Relief Committee and the People's Relief Committee, the funds of these three Jewish Re lief societies being distributed in Europe by the Joint Distribution Committee, the only Jewish or ganization with relief machinery functioning throughout Poland, Page w»* Lithuania, Austria the Ukraine^ ,jand the other countries where Jewish war sufferers are still de pendent upon American generos ity for their lives and their future livelihood." Mr. Marshall also stated that the relief disbursements of the Joint Distribution Committee for 1920 amounted to $10,620,092.97, distributed in various countries under the direction of Dr. Boris D. Bogen, Dr. Harry Plotz and Alexander Landesco, relief ex perts comprising the European Council of the committee and di recting the staff of American Jewish relief workers and the lo cal committees organized throughout the territories cover ed. Poland, with $4,746,620.98, secured the largest amount, fol lowed by Palestine with $1,322,* 420.24, Russia and the Ukraine with $1,039,142, Roumania with $916,829.91 and Austria with $777,991.93. Other disbursements were: Baltic provinces, $143, 398.46 Belgium, $2,500 Central Europe, $458,681.60 Czecho-Slo vakia, $132,303.86 Greece, $19, 000. Hungary, $285,192.31 Lith uania, $146,899.19 Siberia, for the relief and repatriation of Jewish war prisoners, $302,298.99 and Turkey, $278,487.46. To aid Jew ish war refugees, driven from their homes, $10,012.25 was given out in Danzig $6,035 in France $3,948.61 in Italy $20,781.77 in Switzerland, and $5,002.50 in, Yokohama. "A deficit of about $2,000,000 is" outstanding from last year's re lief appropriations," Mr. Marshall continued, "which must be made up out of the funds raised this year. After providing for this deficit, it has been decided to al locate the remainder of the $14y 000,000 sought to be collected, as follows: $2,500,000 for recon struction $2,000,000 for medical relief, to be carried on by the medical unit of 20 American phy sicians now in Poland, who are engaged in combatting diseases and establishing modern sanitary and hygienic machinery, under the direction of Dr. Plotz, noted as a typhus authority and sani tarian $1,000,000 for the care of refugees $2,500,000 for relief work in the Ukraine and Russia $3,000,000 for child care and $1,» 000,000 for schools and religious institutions. "The reconstruction phas^ bf relief work is receiving increased attention, particularly the estab lishment and subsidizing of loan societies and co-operatives, the loaning of tools, machinery and raw material, rebuilding and re pairing of houses destroyed by the war, the establishment of trade and agricultural schools and the placing of Jews upon farms." Anita Muller is touring Jugo slavia in an attempt to have the Jews there adopt Ukrainian or phans. She has already been suc cessful in placing 500.