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a ©Iff Ameriratt 3lrtm3lj Hlorlft Continuing The Jewiah Weekly Established J«m 12, 1912, by DH. 8. N. OEINAHO L. H. FKlSCB, SfanaMr(iK EfalfOr Rabbi 'Philip Kleinman, Gtistavus JJjeviirg-er, Ralbbi C. David Matt Associate ISditors Jesse "B. Calmenson, City Editor, St. Paul Published every Fuiday by The Jewish World Publishing Co.. Min neapolis and St. Paul. Minneapo lis office. Tribune Annex, Tt-iephoin N. W. Main 6269. St. Paul office, 714 ^o^r Bldg. Telephone N. W. Cedar 0958. SUBSCRIPTION IN ADVANCE IN U. S. A $3.00 IN CANADA 4 00 ALL OTHER COUNTRIES." 4.50 To Insure publication, all corre upondence and newa matter mual reach thin office by Tuesday evening of each week. Entered as second-class matter at the post office at Minneapolis, Mln 187#ta' und®r the act March 8, JEWISH CALENDAR 5682-1921 Roah Haahanah Monday, Oct. Yom Kippur Wednesday, Oct. IS 1928 •Boah Chodeefa Tebet. Sunday, Jan. I of Tebet Tuesday, Jan. 10 Shebat Monday, Jan. 80 •Rosh Chodesh Adar.. Wednesday, March 1 Fast of Esther. Monday, March 18 Purim Tuesday. March 14 Rosh Chodesh Kisan Thursday, March 80 Pewach. First Day ...Thursday, April 18 Pesach, Seventh Day Wednesday, April 19 *Rosh Chodesh Iyyar Saturday, April 2!9 Lag B'Omar Tuesday, May 16 Rosh Chodesh Sivan Sunday, May 28 Shabuoth Friday, June 2 •Rosh Chodesh Tammuz... Tuesday, June 27 Fast of Tammuz Thursday, July 18 Rosh Chodesh Ab Wednesday, July 28 Fast of Ab Thursday, August 8 *Rosh Chodesh Ellul Friday, August 26 Ri»h Hashanah 5683 Saturday, Sept. 28 Observed also on preceding day. EDITORIAL PURIM—LEST WE FORGET "Why don't you tell us some thing new, instead of always harping on the old ideas of Purim," a Jewish publicist was once asked by a reader who felt that refreshing the memory even once a year was too much of a strain. To which the publicist replied: "Mordecai and Esther would be willing to change their tune if Haman changed his." Some such thought must come to the Jew at Purim-tide this year. Haman's tune is still unchanged, the only thing new is his identity. Perhaps last year's Haman is not the same. He who figured so largely in the Jewish press is hardly ever referred to now. He has either recognized that his plan is futile, or has relegated his activities to other Jew-baiters. But the tactics are the same, whether it is the plutocratic would-be remodeller of the world, or the press-magnate with poli tical grudges to settle. There is no pretense at fairness in bat tling the Jew. In this regard all Jew-baiters, ancient and modern, are true to form. Without mis representation, without distort ing the truth, without destroying character and slaying reputations the enemy of the Jew would not be in his element. From Amalek, Haman's traditional ancestor down to his most recent spiritual descendent, the Jew-baiter fights like a coward. Well does the Jew repeat oft Sabbath before Purim "Remember what Amalek did to thee unto thee how he met thee by the way and smote the hindmost of thee, all that were enfeebled in thy rear, when thou wast faint and weary and he feared not God" (Deuteron omy 25:17, 18). So why expect the modern enemy of the Jew to be a respector of person, age or sex scrupulous as to his method or possessed of the finer sensi bilities that would make him a foeman worthy of one's steel? But this sameness in the na ture and methods of the Hamafts. need not discourage the Jew. If his foe is still the same, so is his Protector. It has often been claimed that the book of Esther is a non-religious book since it does not even once mention the name of God. True. There may be no direct allusion to God, but there are several indirect refer ences. Mordecai tells Esther: "If thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then will relief and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place." Even more convincing is the retort of Esther "Go gather together all the Jews that are present in Shu s a n a n a s y e o e I also .... will fast in like man ner." If this does not refer to the belief of Mordecai and Esther in a God who can save and who is impressed by fasting and pray er, then what does it mean That the Jew is living to take stock of his present-day adversaries and to recall those who had threat ened him and whom he has sur vived, is best proof not only of his dependence on God, but of his deliverance by God. Yes, our foes will not let us for get about Haman. We must re member him and his breed wheth er we will or not. All the more eager then should we be to re member the kind Providence that has kept us and preserved even unto this day. THE NON-JEW AND WAR RELIEF It is gratifying to note the re sponse of the non-Jew to the plea of the Jewish War Sufferers. In some of the smaller cities, where the number of Jews is limited, the bulk of the subscrip tions have come from the non Jews. This is especially gratify ing, in view of the campaign of villification of the Jew that had been so well financed and widely spread throughout the land in the last two years. It proves that whatever the feelings with which the creed of hate was read, it did not make the average American citizen deaf to the plea of suffer ing Jews in Europe. Are we assuming too much when we interpret the response of the non-Jewish officials, in dividuals and press as a vote of •onfidence in spite of the cam jmjgn of mis representation. It wcmld indeed, have been pitiful if tlife campaign against the Jews had ^suited in hardening the heart a'ftd closing the purse of the non Jew to the abject, miser able victims of war and perse cution in Europe. Blessed in deed, is America, the land where a non-sectarian citizenship car* whole-heartedly unite in tfte cause of suffering humanity. One hundred Jewish Orphans are to be taken from the Uk raine to Palestine to be brought up as farmers by Israel Belkin, a Palestinian Pioneer, who has founded an agricultural school near Jaffa. This news item we commend to the attention of those who think that Zionism and War Relief need be hostile to each other. On the contrary, they must co-operate fully and whole heartedly. Give War Relief to the maximum and save the sufferers, especially the children, for some thing better. But build up Pales tine so that Jews can go there and living in security develop a cul ture that will be worthy of the Jew. But Keren Hayesod and Jewish War Relief should be co operative rather than competi tive. Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization is now a decade old, or better, a ten years young. Be ginning with one society it now has 138 chapters and 30 Junior Units. The Jewish inspiration it has given its members in Amer ica is beyond estimate, but nat urally its finest work has been done in Palestine. There it has provided hospital, extension and dispensary service, established clinics, and latterly opened infant welfare stations with free milk distribution in connection. Thus far the work has been curative, but now it is also branching out into preventive activities. One can hardly imagine a more allur ing activity for the women and young women of America than the program of blessed healing which Hadassah is planning and achieving in Palestine. —C. David Matt. JEWS AS FARMERS Gabriel Davidson, general man ager of the Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society, has issued a report concerning its work. The society's goal has been, to quote the report, "to build up a substantial, progres sive and permanent Jewish farm ing class in this country." Twenty-two years ago, when the organization be?an to function, there were 216 Jewish farm fam ilies in the United States. Today the number exceeds 60,000. In 1900 the total acreage owned by Jewish farmers was 12,029. To day more than 1,000,000 acres are farmed by Jewish hands, and the real estate and personal value of these holdings are above $1,000, 000. The society's farm settlement bureau gives advice, guidance and aid to those who desire to buy farms and who intend to take THE AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD up farming as a life work. Tfie extension department maintains a staff of agricultural experts. During 1921 these experts visited 1,499 farmers, held 122 meetings, illustrated lectures, demonstra tions, field days and extension schools. In addition to this, ad vice and aid were given to 1,788 farmers who sought individual consultation at the central office* The sanitation department has carried on for three years a cam paign in New York, Connecticut and New Jersey. It has obtained marked improvement in sewage and garbage disposal, protection of water supplies, food protection and fly prevention in the thous ands of Jewish farm homes. The society's farm labor bureau has obtained employment for 13,561 Jewish young men since its es tablishment in 1908. Last year this bureau placed 608 men. The farm loan department, since its establishment in 1900, has grant ed a total of 6,154 loans, aggre gating $3,805,000, and covering thirty-eight states. These loans are made on substantial securities —second, third, fourth or even fifth mortgages. The repayment is spread over a long number of years, and there is no exaction of bonus or commission or pay ment of renewal charges. The society's losses during the entire twenty-two years of its history have been only a fraction of 3 per cent. Mr. Lloyd George must, in deed, be gifted with a sense of humor. He, of course, had to be officially represented at the Lon don services in memory of the late Pope. So, as he could not attend himself, he delegated a Jew, Sir Philip Sassoon, to repre sent him, a Protestant, at a Cath olic service.—Hebrew Standard. 100,000 JEWS FOUGHT FOR GERMANY Berlin (J. T. A.)—A book which has just been published here proves that during the war the number of Jewish soldiers amounted to 100,000. Eighty thousand of them were engaged in battles, 12,000 were killed, 35, 000 awarded medals for courage ous conduct, 23,000 were promot ed as a reward for their bravery. The book was published in or der to discredit the anti-Semitic campaign which has been waging throughout the whole country, accusing the Jews of cowardice and of not having done their duty during the war. The book proves that out of the 6,000,000 Jews in Germany, about 16 per cent joined the army, while only 10 per cent of the other part of the population participated in the war. Mrs. Ephraim Lederer has been re-elected first vice-presi dent of the Woman's Democratic Club of Philadelphia.