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THE AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD ••a?'?
Without uttering our opinion On the merits of the facts reveal ing the public career in Jewish life of Sir Stuart Samuel,, the reader is offered this sketch writ ten by one who has had occasion to observe the Jewish leader at close range.—Editor. Recent reports reaching this country stated that the 'brother of the High Commissioner for Palestine, Sir Stuart Samuel, pub licly applauded the campaign launched by Lord Northcliffe agaist the Zionist Organization for their methods of expending money, declaring that the only Solvation lay in the development of the Palestine Economic Coun cil. He is reported to have con cluded that he in nowise wished to be "identified with the Jewish National Movement." Later re ports mitigated this statement. When questioned in the Jewish Board of Deputies, Sir Stuart Samuel contended that there was no intention on his part to attack the Jewish Home in Palestine, and in a subsequent statement to the Daily Mail, he emphasized in deed that he was misquoted that he still adhered to the idea of a Jewish National Home in Pales tine, adding, however, that no work should be undertaken in Palestine until after the registra tion of the British Mandate. All this leaves no doubt that Sir Stuart Samuel was not over zealous in defending Zionism against the attacks of Lord Northcliffe. Even in the second statement, appearing in North cliffe's Daily Mail, he asserted that the moderate policy advocat ed by the Viscount should be ac cepted, and that work in Pales tine should wait upon the ratifi cation of the Mandate. The question may be asked, who is this man who, at a mo ment when the interests of the Jewish people in Palestine are jeopardized by one of the most powerful men in England, is so eager to lend a hand to this in sidious attack against Zionism? Sir Stuart Samuel is the president of the Jewish Board of Deputies, an institution of which British Jewry is rightly proud. It is the only Parliamentary institution that may deservedly claim the right to speak on behalf of Eng lish Jewry. The Jewish Board of Deputies in conjunction with the Anglo-Jewish associations are represented by delegates at the Joint Foreign Committee which draws the attention of the Brit ish Government (or, as lately, the League of Nations), to all mat ters affecting Jews in Britain or elsewhere, whenever they are ex posed to injustice, disability or persecution. That Sir Stuart Samuel's ambitions should have led him to play the role of the fir^t one to desert the Zionist ship which, in his opinion, was about to sink, should startle no one who has followed his career closely. His rapid rise in Jewish life was not due to his Jewish zeal or to .& Sir Stuart Revealed his readiness for self-sacrifice or his abilities as a leader of men. It was due rather to the failures of others, the inability of the Jew ish leading men in England, and to the wealth and standing of his family. Sir Stuart Samuel is one of those rich Jews who claim for themselves the privilege of repre senting the Jews at large without recognizing a duty or obligation to the Jewish cause. Asked by the Zionist Organization to con tribute to Zionist Restoration Fund established after the Bal four Declaration to prepare for the rebuilding of Palestine, Sir Stuart Samuel contributed one guinea which is equivalent to $5 in United States currency. When the "Haboneh" Company was founded in London for the pur pose of commencing building op erations in Palestine to solve the acute housing shortage which had become a grave impediment to immigration. Sir Stuart was asked to become President of the Company. He immediately and gladly accepted. All expected that he would lead in financing the company by subscribing to a considerable part of the stock. Sir Stuart Samuel was in a posi tion to have gathered together the prominent Jewish bankers and financiers of the country and collectively they might have raised the two or three hundred thousand pounds necessary to enable the company to commence operations on a larger scale. But nothing of this kind occurred. The president of this company invested a meager two hundred and fifty pounds, his presidency constituting one of the greatest obstacles in raising funds for the company, since each prospective buyer was curious to know what the company's president sub scribed. There were at the time Russian Jews in London who did not possess one-twentieth of Sir Stuart Samuel's wealth but who contributed thousands of pounds to this enterprise. In spite of all this, Sir Stuart Samuel still re mains not only in England, but in world Jewry, a great figure. The mere fact that he is a mem ber of a rich and influential house makes organizations crave his favor. The Mizrachi Organization appointed Sir Stuart Samuel hon orary president without his hav ing rendered appreciable service to the Movement. The writer re calls the meeting arranged by the Mizrachi in Sir Stuart Samuel's home for the purpose of collect ing funds, but nothing was ac complished at this meeting be cause Sir Stuart Samuel flatly re fused to permit the collection. His Presidency of the Mizrachi not withstanding, he consented to preside at a meeting which wel A Description of the Public Career of Sir Stuart Samuel By Ben Moshe Zwi comed a delegation of the "Agu dath Israel" which had come to London for the specific purpose of undermining the Mizrachi Movement. There is no group, no party, no movement to which Sir Stuart Samuel has not lent liis name if honors, fame, and posi tions were offered him. Sir Stuart Samuel aspires to the highest positions open to a leader of Jewry, without any desire to sacrifice or work. The case of Sir Stuart Samuel proves how careful the Zionists should be in offering leadership to men on account of their finan cial standing in non-Zionistic cir cles. From the beginning the Zionist Organization tried to in troduce democracy into Jewish political life and to denounce the system of "notables." It fought for this principle for decades and the Zionist Movement must suf fer by its readiness to surrender everything at the first kind ges ture of one of the members of the Jewish upper class. Sir Stuart in his interview in" the "Daily Mail" plays the Econ omic Council against the Zionist Organization. The Economic Council was established by Dr. Weizmann for the purpose of in teresting the influential and rich Jews ot England who stood aloof ironi the Zionist Movement. Sir Altred Mond, Sir Waley Cohen, Sir Stuart Samuel, and many prominent Jews joined this Coun cil. The Council in accordance with an agreement with the Zion ist Executive was not to be de pendent upon the Zionist Organ ization, was not to collect funds, but was to administer funds col lected by the Zionist Organiza tion, for the economic reconstruc tion of Palestine. And this body Which thus iar has not taken one single practicable step, is now being acclaimed by bir Stuart Samuel as that body which should assume control of all Pal estinian affairs, displacing the Zionist Organization. Why? Sir Stuart Samuel is evidently not pleased with the amount ot hon orary positions showered upon him by the Zionist Organization. At the Zionist Conference held in London in 1920 he was elected by the Mizrachi to the Actions Committee of the Zionist Organ ization, but was not re-elected by the Zionist Congress in Septem ber of 1921, and no offer to enter the World Executive was made to him. Unfortunately, Sir Stu art Samuel is but one of a number of similar figures. Since the Bal four Declaration a number of new great names appeared on the Zionist horizon: Lord Roth schild, Sir Alfred Mond, James de Rothschild. What great gifts have these magnates brought to ntn# aid in the restoration of Pales tine? Did Sir Alfred Mond give the first million pounds xaas James de Rothschild paid "Maas have certainly honored the Zionist platform by t. e.r appearance, causing rejoic ing among the Jewish masses and press by their condescending bows to the Zionist ideal, and a few stammered words in Hebrew. But none of them have put their signatures to a check for a con siderable sum. WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO THE JEWS IN EUROPE? The report of an investigation by the Jewish department of the Russian Commissariat of Nation al Minorities in localities where pogroms have occurred is pub lished for the first time in The Nation for March 8th. The report outlines what has happened to the Jews in Europe, how 150,000 were killed outright in the Ukraine and in White Ruthenia, 150,000 are dead of wounds and epidemics, how 1,000,000 were robbed, plundered and deprived of their means of subsistence. It goes on to describe the distribu tion of the Jewish population since the migrations, its present condition pnd the relief work now being carried on. In the province of Kiev, for ex ample, the Jewish population has been reduced by 200,000. Twenty thousand children in this province are orphans because of the pog roms, and are in danger of nerish ing. In the provinces of Ekater inoslav, Alexandrovsk, and Kher son, Jewish colonies with a pop ulation of 100,000 are affected by the famine. It is vital that these colonists, who are mostly farm ers, should be kept on the land. In eleven districts of the province of Homel are 60,000 Jews who suffered from pograms and are in dire need of help. The reports for the individual places, town after town, are a re strained and impressive record. Take Prosskurov, choosing at random. Prosskurov is number 25 in the province of Podolia. The report states: "A pogrom bv the Hydamacks (troops of Petlura) after the suppression of a bolshe vik uprising. There were 6,000 killed and 2,000 wounded. A great number of women raped. The city suffered three more terrible pogroms with many victims. Among those killed was a Russian clergyman who tried to save a Jewish boy." In Novo-Nirogorod a pogrom was deliberately prepared, and the victims' graves dug by the bandits in the Jewish cemetery the day before the pogrom. More than 100 persons were killed. The local peasant soviet saved manv lives by pretending to arrest 1,300 Jews and keeping them in prison for three days. In Zhitomir pog roms were accompanied by par ticularly inhuman tortures. Old men were burned, or dismem bered, or buried alive. A seven year-old boy had his eyes stabbed. v /I 5 $ •1 I