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PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI Make all checks payable to the Jackson Advocate; Address, 406% •.North Parish Street. Phone, Office.2-1617 Phone, Society Editor ..2-1213 “In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the fingers, but in all things that affect our mutual progress and aevelon "ent we can be together as the hand."—booker T. Washington. "Entered as Second Class Matter in the Post Office at Jackson, Miss., July 13, 1946 under Act o Congress, March 13, 1879. PERCY GREENE..Editor and Publisher 1 RANGES REED GREENE.Society Editor Subscription Kates: One Year $3.50. Six Months $2.00 by mail anywhere in the United States and to Service Men overseas. Foreign, Jne Year $6.00. Six Months $3.50. SUBSCRIPTION RATES All subscriptions due and payable in advance ONE YEAR $3.50 ‘ SIX MONTHS $2.00 ADVERTISING RATES UPON REQUEST A Community Asset February, a month of notable birthdays, sees the celebration of a “birthday” in which all Americans can properly join. Boy Scout Week, Feb. 6 to 12, reminds us that one of America’s largest youth organizations has reached another milestone. The Boy Scouts of America has reached its forty first anniversary. Since Feb. 8, 1910, more than 17,750, 000 American boys and men have been influenced by the Scout Oath and Law. They have benefitted by using their leisure-time energies in outdoor living and activi ties of cultural and practical values which lead boys to become dependable men. Today over 2,750,000 boys and men are actively en rolled in over 75,000 different units. Fortunate indeed are communities where Scouting flourishes. American adults of good character give generously of their time to give leadership. Others help by raising funds and are members of Local Boy Scout Councils which in turn provide training for leaders, camp facilities, worthwhile year-round activities, personal advancement and oppor tunities for Scouts to render community service. In celebration of this birthday, the Boy Scouts are engaged in a nationwide clothing collection to meet# emergency needs abroad, are stepping up their training for Civil Defense and are promoting greater interest in conserving the nation’s natural resources. May you have many more happy birthdays, Boy Scouts! Heroism Knows No Color (From The Collier’s Magazine) THIS IS ONLY ONE of the many stories of brave men that have come out of the Korean war. It is a story which prompted the commander of the carrier Leyte to say, “There has been no finer act of unselfish heroism in military history.” On December 4th Ensign Jesse Brown, a pilot at tached to the Leyte, was shot down in enemy territory near the Chosin Reservior. Lieutenant (jg) Thomas J. Hudner saw him hit and radioed the information to the commander of the mission. The commander went off to call for a rescue helicopter, while the Lieutenant circled the downed plane. He saw that it was burning and that the pilot, though alive, was obviously injured. He also saw, from footprints in the snow, that the plane was circled by enemy troops. Lieutenant Hudner knew that Ensign Brown would die unless he got immediate help. He knew what his own fate might be if he tried to help him. Yet he set his plane down in the same field and ran to the injured man. The canopy of the burning plane would not open, so the Lieutenant called his commander and told him to get fire extinguishers and an ax aboard the helicopter. Then he returned and began packing the fuselage of the wrecked plane with snow to keep the flames away from Ensign Brown. The helicopter arrived a few minutes later. But Ensign Brown died before the rescuers could get him out of the plane. That is the end of the story, but there is a postscript. Ensign Brown was a Negro" — The first Negro naval aviator and the first Negro officer in the Navy to lose his life in any war. The matter of his color does not add to or detract from the heroism of a man who was ready, without hesitation, to lay down his life for a friend. But the story of Ensign Brown is another spike in the propaganda guns of the Kremlin, of misguided Americans like Paul Robeson, and of those who believe and spread a vicious, distorted, generalized story of racial discrimination in America. We do not intend to generalize in turn. There is discrimination, of course. But there is also kindliness, good sense and a hatred of bigotry which are typical of America, too, and which reach their ultimate expression in the story above. Kegro Nurses Wipe Out Midwifery In Memphis Area MEMPHIS—(ANP)—Miss Aline Vance of the public health nurs ing service of Memphis and Shelby County Health Department, repoi-t ed here last week that the work of Negro nurses in the city and coun ty during the last 40 years has wiped out the midwifery trade among Negroes. Addressing the committee on Negro welfare of the community council, she said: “As far as the health department is concerned, among the chief accomplishments of the Negro public health nurses has been their participation in the elimination of the ignorant Negro midwife. “In 1920, there were more than 400 of these midwives; in 1950, only two.” She added that the Negro infant death rate had dropped from 195 in 1,000 births in 1920 to 41.1 per 1,000 in 1950. The tuberculosis death rate has been similarly re duced, with diptheria and smallpox deaths practically eliminated. The city health department em Father Devine Is “Headache” To Social Security PHILADELPHIA — (ANP) — Father Divine and his followers are causing officials of the local security office no end of trouble by refusing to participate in the new social security program for domestic workers. The cult leader has instructed his followers not to participate in the program because it is a form of “insurance” which is “against our religion.” He repeated his stand against “insurance,” and specifi cally social security in a statement published recently in the cult’s newspaper, the New Day. According to Joseph J. Sjorup, local manager of the social security office, he has fought with the problem of collecting social securi ty payments from Divine’s follow ployed its first Negro public health nurse in 1910. Miss Vance began her work in 1917. At present there are 57 licensed registered Negro nurses in the county. Eleven of this number are employed, by the health department and 26 by John Gaston hospital. “He Must Be Destroyed, Before there Can Be Unity” I religious racial COLOR HATRED Uii LOU SWARZ JOTTINGS New York City—(GN)—What with newsprint and other paper becoming short, it will perhaps be wise to make these “Jottings” spicy, newsy, interesting, and easy to read . . . So we will wel come any “bits” of news from all National Organizations — Greeks and others, and we shall keep your many friends the country over in formed of what is being done on a national scale or just what might be of national interest. . . Just drop your news in the mail so that it will reach this desk on or before Wednesday, or better than that—on Tuesday. Now to continue with the round up of the newspapers to which the Jottings or other Global or special news is sent—The Light house and Informer, Miami Times, Minneapolis Spokesman, Negro Spokesman, New Jersey Herald News, Ohio State News, Omaha Guide, Oklahoma Black Dispatch, Oklahoma Eagle, Ohio Daily Ex press, Ohio Sentineal, Okmulgee Observer, Progressive Her aid, Philadelphia Independent, Phila delphia Tribune, Shreveport Sun, Progressive News, St. Louis Ar gus (that home-town “must”) The State Press—and more next week. Noteworthy of mention is the Debutante Ball which was held here in NYC Last Friday nite . . . and you know who led the grand march—our own “First Lady,” you know, Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune. . . . You know then that regal, beauty, charm, and love reigned supreme throughout the evening . . . Orchids to the “one and only” Lillian Sharpe Hunter, Dii'ector of the affair; and wre’d have you know that La Hunter is also the Director of the “Teen-Town” Scholarship affair whenever it takes place. NCNW (National Council of; Negro Women) is in need of your financial support now, so join “THE MARCH OF DOLLARS” and direct them to NCNW 1318 Vermont, NW . . . because NCNW must live forever. In unity there is strength, and you know what 800,000 women can do. Be one among that 800,000 that opens j doors to all. . . ACHR (American Council of | Human Rights) is busy getting its ; membership Organizations to see the value of a unified National Convention—1952—Cleveland. More about it later. Collier’s Mag of January 20th carries a splendid article on “Pro grams for the Aged,” and NYC is given good mention—and the praise for such Programs here goes to Charlotte Authier and Harry Levine—she in charge of Auxiliary Services of NYC, DW, and he directly in charge of the Programs for the Aged . . . Such Programs are giving the Aged new life and the opportunity to use that creative energy to the best advantage . . . Space limited, so Lou says “Adios.” ers for a long time. Their records, he says, are usually incomplete and because the followers use only re ligious names, are kept in a special section marked “unfinished busi ness.” . With the social security provis ions extended to include domestics for the first time, the difficulty in making collections is multiplied many times. Most of the Divine followers work as domestics. The cult leader has said that rather than “accept insurance of any kind, the faithful would go to jail or even die.” Music Ensemble Entertains i Life can be fun sometimes when a group sets aside its heterogene ity, responds to the gregariousness of its members and thrills to the outburst of unadulterated pleasui’e. Such was the case last Friday evening when members .and a few friends of Coloridge-Taylor Choral Ensemble met at the Branch YW CA for a “Night of Fun.” Every body thrilled at the crescendo of games, folk dances, square dancing and popping joints. With one of the group’s popular members, Miss Annie K. Dodds, leading these games and dances it was fun! i Fun! Fun! After this a tasty, delicious re past was served to all. The deli cacies were of such as would make a satisfied appetite crave for more. Near the close of the social, Charles H. Wilson, Sr., president of the ensamble, gave a short appreciative talk; after which the Ensemble’s capable and efficient directress, Mrs. G. Mason Gooden, held the group spell-bound with her message of gratitude. Who was there? Why (in ad dition to the above named were) Mesdames Varon O. Dagner, O phelia Bradford, Odessa Wolfe, Janette Hunt and Irma M. Gam brell; Misses Jennie V. Can*, Ger aldine 0. Amos, Lottie L. Wil liams, Cathrilla Sampson Cly mathes King, Evelyn Hunter, Au drey L. Johnson, Gladys McCray, Lillie B. Walker and Ruth Donald son; Mr. and Mrs. M. C. Wiggins, Mr. and Mis. Oscar J. Wolfe and Mr. James Gooden. -o Kids’Approach To The 'Color Line’ Masonga, Africa, Jan. 23 — (Special) — Frightened at the sudden approach of a tall Ameri can on a noisy motorcycle, a group of Luo children scurried in all di rections to hide. But when the motorcycle stopped and they recog nized Father John M. Schiff, a Maryknoll Missioner from the Bronx, the youngsters quickly re turned from their hiding places. “Why did you run away?” asked Father Schiff. “Are you afraid of me?” “Oh no,” answered one of the lads, “We ran because we thought you were a white man.” “Well, don’t you think I’m a white man now?” asked the puzzled Father Schiff. “No, you’re not a white man,” explained the lad. “You’re a priest.” Commissioner... (Continued from Page One) the Negro citizens group pointed out that Negro policemen have been appointed in many of the leading cities of the Deep South, including Memphis, Atlanta, Lit tle Rock, Savannah, New. Orleans, and Miami. Negro police are now on the force in Indianola and Gulfport, Miss. Wherever Negro policemen have been appointed it was pointed out, their performance has won the highest praise from municipal au thorities, and citizens in general, especially white citizens. It was also pointed out that -wherever Negro policemen have been put on the force there has been an immediate and marked re duction in the crime rate in the Negro commmunity and a marked improvement in racial harmony and cooperation. Truman Says... (Continued from Page One) gy and power development. It must1 practice rigid economy in its non defense activities. Many of the things we would normally do must be curtailed or postponed. “But in a long-term defense ef lort like this one, weVannot neglect the measure needed to maintain a strong economy and a healthy democratic society. “The Congress, therefore, should give continued attention to the measures which our country will need for the long pull. And it should act upon such legislation as promptly as circumstances permit.” A reporter remarked that a lot of speculation had arisen because the President did not specifically ask for repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. Mr. Truman replied that he had asked for labor legislation which would clarify the situation so that there would be better labor-man agement relations in the future , than there had been in the past. As far as repeal of the Taft-Hart ley Act is concerned, he added, j that is it. -o Charges Husband Makes Dog Keep Watch On Her CHICAGO, 111.—A 22-year-old former dancer charged Friday in Chicago Cii’cuit court that when her husband was not around he had his dog keep an eye on her in their apartment (8 S. Lockwood Ave.) Petite Dorothy Newman is seek ing a divorce on cruelty grounds from Roy Newman, 37, owner of a perfonuing dog, Lucky. She charged that Newman struck and beat her and when he left the apartment he would tell Lucky, a mixed shepherd and po lice dog, “Don’t let Dorothy out while I’m gone.” Mrs. Newman said the dog un derstood pei’fectly. Each time she tided to edge toward the door, Lucky snarled and bared his fangs. Judge Daniel Roberts issued a temporary injunction restraining Newman and the dog from both ei'ing her. AGENTS WANTED To Sell The JACKSON ADVOCATE In Every Commvaily la Mies. ★ ★ ★ Here Is Your Opportunity To Start Your Boy Or Girl Off To Making An Honest Living _A_ A A AAA Many young men and women today in college and in many useful walks of life got their start SELLING NEWSPAPERS. Sit down today and write for agents contract, 'the idle mo ments of each week-end can be put to excellent use. Quick money and inspiraitonal employment follow every agent of our paper. THE JACKSON ADVOCATE PERCY GREENE, Editor-Publisher DIAL 2-1617 JACKSON, MISS. 119»/, N. FARISH ST. WEEKLY POEM REV. JOHN R. PERKINS | DO YOU NEED MY GOD , IF SO OBEY HIM .1 Our churches are calling for Double DD’s And members with the highest degrees No place for Christ to dwell in the church And the members are doing as they please. 2 You have got to do the will of God rle is calling for the heart not the brain If you will give him what He asks for Then he will love everyone the same. 3 He said to love one another And be followers of Jesus as well Unless you obey the will of God Your soul is bound for hell. ' 4 The world it knows so much today But don’t know God in depart ing of their sins This applies to every living soul I’m speaking to both women and men. 5 Our churches are adding and tak ing away Yet neither one is good for the soul God said not to add or take away Because it was damnation to the soul. If the old account is settled Your life will let the world know That the old account has been settled And was settled long, long ago. H Good people get out of the worldly games And take a stand for Jesus Christ You tell me this is a Modern Day So how about a Christian life. 8 Stop singing and shouting, preach ing the same If you don’t know God in de parting of your sins I am warning the guilty to turr around This applies to both women and men. 9 Give up today, tomorrow may never come Acknowledge your sins to Jesus Christ He said whosoever believed on him Would have eternal life. ' Rev. J. R. Perkins 2G11 Lilly St. Jackson, Miss. Card Of Thanks We, the family of the late i Charles Diggs, wish to thank ev i eryone for the many telegrams, | cards, flowers and other expres j sions of sympathy shown our fam j ily in the recent death, of our son j and brother. I Mrs. Martha Diggs and Family. I AND DOWN FARISH STREET By PERCY GREENE FARISH STREET SATURDAY NIGHT: There’s just as good a fish still in the sea as ever was caught is an old and trite saying. But up and down the Old Avenue the old est and most logical sayings can be made to tit into the wiles and woes of the moment, and the logic ' of Farish Street, as l learned again, while sitting down to my j fish and beer, while seeking some respite from things as they are, which are always a whale of a lot different from what they seem, for instance, I read in an editorial the other day where I Percy Greene, the above signed, had grown “rich” and fat while writing this column, and other things about Aunt Hag gar’s Chilluns. A fact which will be most violently disputed by some folks who I’ve had to persuade that I’d just made a deposit to kinda “protect” one of our checks (If you get what I mean). But coming back to the subject, it seems that j Brother Mose, was experienced i what Old Aunt Nancy Juice-pipe j used to call “family Troubles”, and I the friend to whose ears he was | relaying his troubles was seeking to console the good Brother Mose by telling him, Man, what’s you worrying about that one woman for, don’t you know that there’s gooda fish in the sea as is ever been caught. I sota felt for Brother Mose as I saw the look on his eye that followed his friends remark. Then after indulging in what look like a moment of deep thought and meditation, Brother Mose said, Yea, I guess you is right, but you see that woman done got rida us furniture, and took all us money outa the postoffice, and went, while I was gone . . . What you say bout them just as gooda fish in the sea as is ever been caught is all right, but a man’ed be in a devil of a fix going out in the sea trying to ketch one of them good fish . . . when one fish done already run off with ail of the bait . . . You don’t hafta i iatr, you kin jest read it and weep. } ALONG THE OLE AVENUE| THIS WEEK . . . Prof. W. Milan Davis, Raymond “Sunshine” Gill iam, and Prof. J. L. Rasherry, top Light north-east Mississippians . . . Dr. and Mrs. J. W. Edwards, and Mrs. Tom Money, of Vicksburg, attending the 124th Diocesean Con ference at St. Andrews Episcopal Church, on Capitol Street . . . W. H. Holmes, leading Greenville Merchant in town to attend the meeting of the Citizens Council on Education of which he is one of the five Negro members . . . the others are Prof. James Gooden, Jackson; Prof. A. L. Johnson, Pren tiss; Valter H. “Duke” Williams, Jackson, and Prof. A. A. Alexan i der, Brookhaven . . . seen also up [ and down the Ole Avenue this ! week was J. B. Blaton, and his j son, owner of the all-Negro Radio ! Station, Atlanta, Georgia, i 4 __ | ALONG RUMOR ROW .. . What j well known young couple in West i Jackson is it that is now about to ! come to the parting of the ways . . they say it looks like there is gon ! na be a divorce . . . don’t say I didn’t warn you. | Here’s to You . . . Poseia Mc ■ Cune ... is the new Jackson Ad vocate artist and advertising man. WEEKLY QUOTATION: War is on its last legs; and a universal peace is as sure as is the preval i ence of civilization over barbarism, [ of liberal government over feudal forms. The question for us is only J how soon ? Ralph Waldo Emerson. Woman Voted Top Citizen Of Portland PORTLAND, Ore.— (ANP) — A woman, Mrs. E. W. Smith, was voted last week the outstanding Negro in Portland, Ore. Mrs. Smith, the first woman president of the local NAACP chapter, was named the Negro First Citizen for 1950 in Portland. A member of the NAACP board for many years, Mrs. Smith this month concluded her second term as president of the association. She is a member of the Portland chapter of the League of Women Voters, past president of th« As sociation of Colored Women, ex ecutive board chairman of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Por ters auxiliary, and a former mem ber of the Portland YWCA board. Mrs. Smith works on the staff of the Portland Park Bureau at St. Johns community house; Winner of the junior award Ne gro First Citizen is Raleigh Wash-1 ington, for his rescue of a young girl from the Williamette River last spring. He and Mrs. Smith will be formally honored during Brotherhood Week at a banquet. HENDRIX COMMENTS By MOSS H. HENDRIX NEED THE NEGRO PRESS Atlanta, Ga. — After almost a decade and a half of fellowship of the Negro press, I am now more convinced than ever before of our great need for this instrumentality of forthright and courageous fight for right. As 1 write these lines, the Negro Newspaper Publishers Association, here at the Butler Street YMCA for its mid-winter workshop, is downstairs in executive session toy ing with methods thru which it can increase its service to you, and me and the nation. During the two-day period now ending, publisher leaders from over the nation have given serious con sideration to the many problems which face them in their service to you and to a nation, now in the midst of all-out security planning, and a world in all-out turmoil. These publisher leaders have lis tened to governmental experts from our nation’s capital, brief them on the various programs that our gov ernment has under formation for security and defense and warfare, if that be necessary. At the same time, they have taken serious stock of problems which face their industry in the near future. These problems are grave, indeed. Beginning today, it will be more difficult for them to operate as publishers than it was yesterday. Such is the extent of the gravity. Beginning today, even yesterday and the day before, they have the problem of obtaining adequate news print—paper on which to print their issues — manpower, if not now% will be a factor in an early tomorrow. And as we move future torward, these and other problems of the trade will become more pressing. Your and my need for this seg ment of the American press em phasizes the fact that its needs and problems are also ours. Since we are common stockholders in this national institution, wj are in terested in the dividends that its existence pays issue by issue to the American way of life. You may not be aware of the tact that the Negro press, unlike the rest of the American press, operates greatly upon its sales rather than upon its advertising revenue as is the rule ether than the exception with the bulk of out national press. Although changing in trend, many of the larger Ad vertisers do not yet buy in Negro newspapers. The nickels, dimes and fifteen cents, which you pay for the Negro newspaper, increases your stock in this organ for the promotion of full democracy. The lines of copy that our papers carry in their drive for democracy make even greater the common-stock interest which you have to them and they to you. I know that you w-ould join with me in making this press so strong that the foes of democracy, the proponents of bigotry, would dare not shadow its path. We who need the Negro press as a vigorous force must give it the might to con tinue its fight for right. 1 believe that you would want to do something tangible to assure the security, the growth and the unafraid expression of opinion which the Negro press features. Further, my belief is strong that you would accept my challenge for tangible action in this important concern. In the support of the cause which it has, the Negro press needs a greater audience upon which to reflect its mirror of interpreta tions, so reflected as by no other agent of the American press. If the democracy which it champions is to be known, it must have readers in all areas of our national life. Therefore, I offer you a chal lenge. I challenge you with this issue of the Negro pressy-buy two copies and give one to someone who does not know the cause for which the Negro press stands. Give it by hand or by mail to the white per son for whom you work or to the governor of your state. Further goes my challenge to you. You are likely a member of some club or some type of com munity organization — Elks what have you. What is that group’s pro ject for the year? If it already has one, and it must, still you can of fer another—buy two and pass one along. Get your organization to sponsor a project that will get a Negro newspaper into the hands of the members of the city council, the school board, the legislature and others. Then you wmuld have made a contribution to an institution that needs you as you need it — the Negro press.