AIiuvaIiivaaVA Telling his audience of the ill I
wC6 villi rClItOCrS . ■ treatment of natives in the Union
in a *. d n \ of South Africa, Dr. Kay E. Phil
(Continued from Page One) .. ’ 0 A - .
lips, a missionary to South Africa
tinuing progress of Negroes, there for 35 years, said the whites sin
is still racial and cultural con- cerely believed in their practice of
flict because of “immaturities in prejudice although their old poli
democratic development.” He cited cies are proving to be a strain on
the gains of Negroes in America, that nation’s economy. He de
and he also deplored the hysteria plored laws that are keeping the
of suspicion in the United States. ! natives down and expressed the
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feeling that America could never
stand for such dual citizenship.
Dr. Smiley Blanton, psychiatry
instructor at Vanderbilt Univers
ity, also spoke, declaring that re
ligion when truly practiced, cuts
down hate. He said that through
religion “the hate impulse often
becomes transformed into the inir
pulse that drives us to good deeds.”
The Institute continued through
Saturday, July 11. Dr. Herman E.
Long, head of the university’s race
relations department, is chairman
of the institute. Theme of the
1953 Institute is “Next Steps In
Probably the most thought-pro
voking address during the first
week of the meeting was the one
by Dr. Allport in connection with
the church and religion. He said
too often attend as “an island of
safety” in which to hide their frus
trations, while the more spiritual
ized church-goers seek “interior
revelation” to inspire and improve
their moral consciences.
“Public opinion polls and social
study tests have shown that
church-goers on the average are
more prejudiced than are non
church-goers. We find that the
greatest bigots are often the great
est church-goers, that such persons
tend to an excessive moralism . . .
“ . . . The church-goer who per
sonally absorbs the great truths
of religion . . . exhibits a sharp
reduction in prejudice and in him
we find brotherhood that becomes
woven into the very heart muscle,
nerve and gland.”
Dr. Johnson challenged Ameri
cans to mature, declaring in part:
“There can be no backward peo
ple or third class citizens in a
democracy if it is to exist as a
democracy. Social morality, free
dom and equality . . . grow . . .
only with the most careful culti
He also denounced attacks which
call persons who fight for minority
rights “supporters of Communist
Death lays his icy hand on
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MTfst tumble down,
And in the dust he equal made
With the poor crooked scythe
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(Continued from Page One)
always be a source of friction,
dissatisfaction and unrest leading
to suspicion and distrust. In the
final analysis, they do more harm
One With Experience
Classing himself as one who had
experience with the problem, he
declared it was his beilef that:
1. The circumstance of the seg
regation system has been of over
all benefit to the Negro, in that it
had'given him a “field of his own
2. “The economic progress of
the Negro as achieved, and as
presently enjoyed, is due in large
measure, if not in practical en
tirety, to the pattern of segrega
3. That the system of segrega
tion “has made the Negro look to
himself, in large measure for ev
erything he has gotten.”
However, when C. T. Perkins,
ideas.” He said Americans must
guard against “the hysteria that
is manifesting itself in a lack of
confidence in anybody, suspicion
of even our friends, toleration, of
I wild and irresponsible violations of
our fundamental civil liberties”
under the guise of a search for
“heretics and subversives.”
Of South Africa, Dr. Phillips
said in part:
South Africa’s “restrictive laws
have made life seem unendurable
for the natives, and they can only
turn to stern protest. And yet
the Afrikaaners who control the
government . . . are very genuine
about subscribing to their partic
ular set of promises concerning
“Americans can never accept
such promises as either morally
or scientifically sound, and we
should always oppose such prom
ises . . .
“The present unrest in that
country has produced a few hope
ful signs. Some industrialists are
realizing that in an expanding
economy there must be more
skilled workers and you can’t con
tinually import only white skilled
“Other hopeful signs are that
everybody is discussing the issue
... and that an increasing num
ber of young clergymen and social
workers in the Dutch Reformed
Church are sensing the reed of
a new moral outlook on the racial
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509 N. Farish Street
Assistant Field Secretary of the
national NAACP office learned of
the statement, he predicted that
Phillips would in the long run be
“denounced as a traitor to human
Perkins, who has recently re
turned from fighting cases for
several south Georgia Negroes,
whom the NAACP believes have
been dcalth with unjustly by white
police officials, declared that “seg
regation is sinful and wrong,”
and added that in Georgia .alone
“the schools, courts, industries, |
housings, parks and playgrounds;
every avenue of American life
bears mute testimony to this evil.
The NAACP leader said he felt
that Phillips was “exploiting the
late Booker T. Washington as the
latter has never endorsed segre
gation.” He asserted that Phillips
gall in making such was “unbe
lievable when we are in a death
struggle throughout the nation
and' the world to erase the blight
Regional Vice President of the
NAACP J. L. Calhoun, who has
been active in segregation fights,
said Phillips did “alright” as long
as he simply lauded Washington,
but declared “when he began try
ing to interpret effects of segre
gation, he got bogged down to the
subjective limitation of a victim of
“He failed,” Calhoun said, “to
show evils and ill effects of seg
regation, educational, economic;
opportunities which if developed
freely would put Negroes in the
highest positions and classes in the
And closer to the scene.
Dr. John M. Ellerson, president
of Virginia Union University here,
said “an argument of that type is
very pernicious .and esentially un
“No one can say that segrega
tion has made the Negro pro
gress,” Dr. Ellerson said. “Any
man who makes a statement like
that is an opportunist and cer
tainly doesn’t reflect my feelings.”
Oliver W. Hill, an attorney and
former city councilman, and one
of the lawyers in the Virginia
school segregation case which the
United States Supreme Court has
ordered re-argued next October 12,
| called Phillips’ argument “fallac
ious” and said his views were not
| shared by other colored people.
“I’m certain the majority of Ne
' groes, either educated or unedu
cated, are bitterly opposed to seg
regation,” Mr. Hill said. “Phil
lips unquestionably is in a minor
Martin A. Martin, a law partner
of Mr. Hill and who also has been
engaged in fighting the courts
various forms of state-imposed
segregation said “If I understand
Night Or Day
• (Continued from Page One)
al enrollment, church representa
tion, associations and auxiliaries.
Dr. D. V. Jemison, president of
the National Baptist Convention,
Inc., will bring greetings Wednes
day afternoon, July 22, at 4:00 p.
m. Dr. J. H. Jackson, Vice Presi
dent of the National Baptist Con
ventoin, Inc., pastor of the Olivet
Baptist Church, Chicago, 111., will
be guest speaker on George Wash
ington Carver night in honor of the
late Dr. George Washington Car
ver, Thursday night, July 23. Spe
cial seats for White attendants.
The Roberta Martin Singers will
furnish the music throughout the
Convention Theme: “Christ, The
Light For An Age of Night."
Sermons and Inspirational speak
ers are as follows: Introductory
sermon, Rev. P. F. Parker, alter
nate, Rev. E. D. Ward; Doctrinal
sermon, Rev. L. S. Sorrel, alter
nate, Rev. A. M. Peterson; Educa
tional sermon, Rev. J. F. Redmon,
alternate, Rev. A. M. Peterson;
Educational sermon, Rev. J. F.
. Redmon, alternate, Rev. W. M. H.
| Turner; Memorial sermon, Rev. B.
; B. Bryant, alternate, Rev. B. C.
1 Clady; Temperance sermon, Rev.
, A. B. Wood, alternate, J. W. Fair
j man; Closing sermon, Rev. J. P.
i Sanders, alternate, Rev. W. H.
| Whiting. The following ministers
will give the Inspiration sermon:
Rev. F. B. Black, Rev. 0. S. Burks,
Rev. R. J. Tyson, Rev. B. J. Skyes,
Memphis, Tenn., Rev. G. H. Han
kins, Rev. W. M. Porter, Rev. L.
i J. Harris.
j The General Body will meet at
I the Cleveland Consolidated School,
j The Women’s Convention will
| him correctly, Mr. Phillips must
| be ignorant of the sociological
and economic desires of the Negro.
A Good Loan And
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410 N. Farish St. Dial 2-5463
(Continued from Page One)
The fatal blows were struck, ac
cording to witnesses, when Chief
Owens intervened in an argument
meet at the St. Paul Baptist
The YWA and JMA will meet at
the Solomon Chapel A. M. E.
The Ushers and Laymen will
meet at the St. Peter Rock Baptist
The Juvenile Department will
meet at H. M. Nailors Elementary
The Missionaries will meet at
the Cleveland Consolidated School.
Cleveland is ready. The board
and lodging is $2.50 per day for
two meals and sleep. Everybody
STAMPS BROS. I
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HOTEL NO. 2
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between Johnson and a woman
over moonshine whiskey.
Johnson had asked the woman
for some whiskey and when she
said she did not have any, threat
ened to “beat hell out of her.”
When Johnson advanced on the
woman, Owens, who was seated in
a car nearby, got out and “hit
Johnson several times with a black
jack, knocking him down.”
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