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WALTER WHITE SUFFERS SECOND HEART ATTACK
[ Patronise Our Adrertis- ^F ^ GOOD CONDUCT Ien — Their AdTertisinc I WILL ALWAYS GAIN in this paper shows that ■ YOU RESPECT, they appreciate yonr ■ Watch Your Public ^de. Conduct. VOLUME XIII—NUMBER 1 IaCKSON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1954 PRICE TEN CENTO Decide Fate 01 Vote Restricting Law Next Tuesday ★ ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★ State Negro Republican Leader Gets Prison Sentence PROMINENT MEMBER OF HOWARD REPUBLICAN FACTION CONVICTED ON CHARGE OF SOLICITING CAMPAIGN FUNDS ON UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Franklin County Leader Is Loser In Trial In United States Court Judge Allows Time To Arrange Affairs Before Starting Sentence • .■ -.. — Meadville, Miss., Oct. 25.— (DS N)—Joe S. Johnson, prominent Franklin County Negro Republican leader, a member of the Perry Howard Black and Tan faction of the state, was convicted in a trial in the Federal court, held at Hat tiesburg last week on a charge of soliciting campaign funds on Gov ernment property. Johnson, who has been identified with the Howard faction for a number of years, was active in raising funds for the organization during the last presidential elec tion, and was indicted last May on the charge of soliciting cam paign funds on Government prop erty by a Federal grand jury. The trial was held before Fed eral Judge Miles, who sentenced Johnson to seven months after he had been found guilty on three counts contained in the indictment. The judge however ruled that the (Continued on Page Four) GRAND LODGE SPEAKER: R. L. Drew, above, of Clarksdale, Wor thy Grand Master, United Order of Friendship, who will be the guest speaker at the 16th Annual Grand Session, Nov. itj-29, King Hiram Masonic Grand Lodge, at Meridian, Miss. Jackson College To Observe 34th Annual American Education Week Jackson College will observe the 34th Annual American Education Week, November 7-13, 1954, by trying to create a greater aware ness on the part of the public that good schools don’t just happen. In cooperation with radio station WOKJ and the National Education Association, the College will build its program on the general theme Good Schools Are Your Responsi bility and will emphasize: Ideals to Live By, Teachers for Tomor row, Investing in Good Schools, Working Together for Good Schools, Effective Citizenship, Teaching the Fundamentals To day, and How Good Are Our Schools ? During the observance the pub lic will hear a series of transcrip tions over WOKJ which have been especially prepared to build and reinforce community interest in good schools. American Education Week is ob served each year during the week embracing November 11, formerly known as Armistice Day. National sponsors of the observance are Na tion Education Association, American Legion, United States Office of Education, and The Na tional Congress of Parents and Teachers. GOVERNMENT MOVES TO STOP SEGREGATION ON RAILROADS WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 25— The Eisenhower administration has come out for a complete stop of the practice of segregating white and Negro passengers traveling across state lines on trains. Attorney General Herbert J. Brownell, Jr., said in a brief filed with the Interstate Commerce Com mission that “the time has come ... to declare unequivocally that a Negro passenger is free to travel the length and breadth of this country in the same manner as any other passenger.” Mr. Brownell’s move followed by five days a decision by the United States Supreme Court not to inter fere with a ruling by the Illinois Supreme Court that a state lacks power to ban racial segregation in interstate travel. The Illinois Commerce Commis sion had ruled that a Negro woman was discriminated against by the Illinois Central Railroad when she was directed to leave a coach filled with white persons and go to an other car where only Negroes wrere seated. On appeal, the Illinois court (Continued on Page Three) First Interracial Travel Agency Gets Official Accreditation New York, N. Y., Oct. 25.— (Special)—For the first time in the history of the American travel industry, an inter-racial agency, King Travel Organization, Inc., has been given official accredita tion. The International Air Trans port Association and the Air Traf fic Conference, representing near v ly all the scheduled airlines of the world, recently voted their ap proval. Don A. Davis, president of King Travel Organization, in announc ing the accreditation this week, stated, “Our company’s aim is to increase the Negro travel business so that it becomes an important part of the over-all travel picture. Then, and only then, will we be able to effectively assist in has tening the day when Negroes will be able to travel on an equal status anywhere in the world. Airline approval or our agency is an im portant step forward.” King Travel Organization, at 681 5th Avenue, New York City, originally incorporated under the name Admiral Tours, was organ ized last year. Its principals in clude Mr. Davis, a successful pack ager of national television and radio programs; Mr. W. H. (Billy) Butler, vice-president and secre tary, a specialist in the field of Negro travel, who is also presi dent of Travelguide, Inc., publish ers of a directory of accommoda tions for people of all races; Mr. John L. Gosselin, vice-president, a world traveler and foreign trade specialist; Miss Ernestine Sam uels, general manager, formerly with the American Express Com pasy and the U. S. Department of State, who ■ has some 15 years of (Continued on Page Six) ► British Parliament Member Advocates Immediate Self-Gov't In Some Parts Of Africa; Period Of Delay In Others Lord Hemingford Is Howard U. Speaker SEE NATIONALISM NOT COMMUNISM AS CAUSE OF FERMENT ON CONTINENT WASHINGTON, D. C.—A mem ber of Great Britain’s House of Lords called for immediate self government in many parts of Af rica and a “period of delay” in others in a speech at Howard Uni versity this week. He was Lord Hemingford, found er of Achimoto College in Gold Coast, Africa and currently chair (Continued on Page Eight) -o State Sunday School BTU Congress Hold Annual Session Rev. J. W. Gayden Re-elected President Clarksdale, Miss. Oct. 25 — The Sunday School and Baptist Train ing Union Congress of Mississip pi convened with the Baptist Churches of Clarksdale last week. The Host Church was the Liberty Baptist Church Rev. A. D. Banks, Pastor. The main sessions were held at the First Baptist Church, Rev. B. C. Clady, Jr., Pastor. The pre-convention program was held Monday evening. Dr. J. W. Gayden, President opem ed the congress at 9 a.m. Tuesday. ' The lecturers were Rev. W. C. Clay, (Continued on Page Eight) Pres. Otis Praises Success Of Miss. State Fair Alcorn, Miss., Oct. 25 (Special) — “The success of the first State Fair for Negro citizens, supported by the State Fair Commission, was due to hard work on the part of the planning committee”, says J. R. Otis, Chairman of the Negro State Fair Association. “It was an ex ample of teamwork on the part of all who participated. While there is much to be happy over, there is also much to be desired in the quantity and quality of livestock exhibits”, says Dr. Otis. In addition to providing commu (Continued on Page Six) -o Negro Extension Supervisors To Hold Conference In Atlanta Negro Extension Service super visors from 15 Southern States will meet in a regional conference in Atlanta, Ga., November 1-5, Di rector C. M. Ferguson of the Fed eral Extension Service announced this week. The sessions will be held at the Butler Street YMCA. An important feature of the conference will be a discussion of the new farm and home unit ap proach which is being developed in an expanded and more intensive agricultural and homemaking pro gram by Extension Service. Un der this program, about 1,000 white and colored farm and home agents are to be apponited throughout the nation to give di rect, on-the-farm guidance to farm families. The conference is being coordi i nated by Dr. John W. Mitchell, Extension National Negro leader; and Charles A. Sheffield, Exten sion field agent. States expected to be represent ed are: Alabama, Arkansas, Flor ida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Car olina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and ' West Virginia. State Club Women Here This Week Club women from all sections of the state will gather here this ! f riday and Saturday for the Forthy-Sixth Annual Convention of the | Mississippi State Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs. The conven tion will be under the guidance of Miss F. 0. Alexander, left, President | °f the State Federation. The principal speaker will be Mrs. Irene Caines, of Chicago, Right, President of the National Federation of Col : ored Women's Clubs. Included on the program will be the scholarship oratorical ( ontest Friday night. The entire program of the convention 1 is organized around the theme. “Together we work for a better world.” The Hoard of Directors, Mrs. M. M. Hubert of Jackson, Chairman, will have an excellent report conceriting the development of the property and recreation center at Clinton, Miss. . ..___*____ ___ Baby Contestants Grow As Dr. R. 0. Williams Is Named As Judge Continued interest of Jackson Advocate readers in Carnation’s First Annual Hometown “Healthy Baby Contest” is indicated by the volume of entries which have been received by this paper to date. Nearly 20 snapshots have been sub mitted by proud parents who hope to win for their babies one of the valuable cash prizes being: offered by the Carnation Company, pro ducer of Carnation Evaporated Milk. Considerably more entries are expected before the close of this contest on Wednesday, Novem ber 17, 1954. Simple rules have been estab lished for this contest which is con ducted just for readers of this newspaper who reside in Jackson and suburbs and who have infants of three years of age or younger. All that is required is a snapshot of the child taken within the last three months and the official entry blank which has appeared in earlier issues of Jackson Advocate. Addi tional entry blanks may be obtained from the editorial offices of this paper, or (to be decided upon). Entries must be postmarked not later than midnight, November 17. The job of judging this contest has been assigned to a panel of prominent local citizens who have been busily screening entries as they arrive. Dr. R. O. Williams has been named as one of the Judges. An unusual aspect of this contest is the research objective for which it is being conducted by the Car Continued pn Page Six) ARK. DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE ADDS 3 NEGROES TO ROLLS Little Rock, Ark. — Changing a lily-white status that has existed since Reconstruction days, the Ark ansas Democratic State committee last week added three Negroes to its rolls. Without a murmur of protest, the committee also voted to name three more Negroes as soon as it could screen a large number of recommendations made from the First, Fifth, and Sixth congressional districts where the Negro population is heaviest. The first Negroes ever to sit on the Democratic Party's policy making and ruling body will be P. W. Black, Jr., of Blackville, Jackson County, Rev. A. J. Pear son of Fort Smith, and W. C. Mackey of Texarkana. Selection of the Negroes came under a change in the party rules adopted last month to enlarge the state committee from 3 to 59 with the additional six to be named by the 53 elected at the convention, Negroes w'ere not specified for the extra memberships, but it was gen erally understood that at least some of them would be for Ne groes. Democratic Natl. Committee Chairman Goes To Aid Of Negro Candidate WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 20— (Special) — Stephen A. Mitchell, Chairman of the Democratic Na tional Committee, will make his first campaign trip to Michigan for a major speech in the 13th Con gresional District, in Detroit, Oc tober 23rd. Charles C. Diggs, Jr., is the Democratic candidate for Con gress in the 13th District. Mr. Mitchell will speak on behalf of the state-wide Democratic ticket as well as on Mr. Diggs behalf. During his one-day stay in the state, he will also visit the 17th District where Mrs. Martha W. Griffith is Democratic Congres sional candidate; and the 14th Dis trict of Congressman Louis C. Rabaut. Mr. Diggs, whose father was at one time a member of the Michi gan State Senate, is a member of (Continued on Page Eight) Race Problem In South Africa Continues To Jog United Nations United Nations, N. Y.—Latm American leadership has gone into action in the ninth General As sambly of the United Nations to try to bring an UN-mediated set tlement out of India’s nine-year-old complaint against treatment of the people of Indian origin in South Africa. Despite the slight lessening of tension in East-West relations felt in this year’s disarmament debate and the recent wave of bilateral settlements in the diplomatic world there appears to be as much in transigeance as ever in this long standing international dispute. Not only have the South Afri cans rebuffed the good offices com mission sent to their country by the UN, but they continue to in sist that the question is a domestic matter which the United Nations should not even discuss. The resolution introduced by (Continued on Page Eight) Pres. Tubman Asks Colleges To Take Lead In Struggle For World Unity Address Delivered In Accepting Degree From Howard U. CALLED INSPIRING LEADER OF DEMOCRACY BY I)R. NORMAN JOHNSON WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 25.— President William V. S. Tubman, 18th head of state of the Republic of Liberia, has called upon the col leges and universities of America to take the initiative in the effort to bring about spiritual unity throughout the world. The plea came in his acceptance address on being awarded the hon orary degree Doctor of Laws at Howard University Tuesday. On Monday, President Tubman began a three-week State Visit to the United States. The special convocation, at which the degree was conferred, was held in Rankin Memorial Chapel j on the University campus. A ca j pacity crowd of some 600, includ i ing several high American and Li j berian Government officials, wit nessed the ceremonies. | Living as we are today in a | world which is practically one, we ! must persevere in our determina tion to achieve spiritual unity out of cultural diversity,” President ! Tubman said; ‘‘and it is in this important area of human relation ship that we must expect intellec tual institutions to wield their greatest influence. “Therefore, upon your shoulders ! as moulders of the thoughts of men and nations, hangs the fate (Continued on Page Seven) -o Supreme Council ! Scottish Rite Masons I : Hold Annual Session 41 Leading Citizens Get 33rd Degree Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 20—Forty one Prince Hall Masons from Mid western, Southern and Far West ern states were awarded the thirty third and last degree at the 68th annual anniversary session of the United Supreme Council of Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free Masonry for the Southern Jusidic tion of the USA held in the Sharff Branch of the YMCA October 17 to 19. Leading citizens from all over the jurisdiction were among those honored. Included in the group were Dr. J. E. Walker, president of the Universal Life Insurance Company of Memphis as well as the local bank; J. R. Oatis, presi dent of Alcorn College in Missis sippi; President J. L. Reddix, presi (Continued on Page Eight) -o New Members Elected To Tuskegee Board New York, Oct. 22 — Three new members were elected to the Board of Trustees of Tuskegee Institute (Ala.) at the annual fall meeting here today, it was announced by Basil O'Connor, chairman of the Board. They are Miss Margaret Hickey, of St. Louis, Mo., editor of the Pub lic Affairs Department of the La dies Home Journal; John H. John son, of Chicago, 111., magazine publisher and president of the John son Publishing Company, and George Champion, of Darien, Conn., senior vice president of the Chase National Bank. "The unselfish services of dis tinguished voluntary leaders like yourselves have helped make Tus kegee the formost institution of its kind,” Mr. O’Connor told the new trustees. "And your service with us will help us to work toward I our goal of equality of educational, economic and social opportunity for (Continued on Page Seven) MISSISSIPPI VOTERS DECIDE FATE OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT FIXING RULE FOR REGISTERING TO VOTE IN TUESDAY ELECTION Amendment Aimed At Preventing ; Increase Of Negro Voters State Has Only 21,000 Negro Voters Out Of One Million Population GRAND MASTER: W. J. Oat«a of Natchez, Grand Master, M. W. King: David Grand Lodgre, Scottish Rite Masons, whose 30th Annual ; Session will convene in Laurel, | Miss., next week. Jackson, Miss. Oct. 25 (DSN) — Mississippi voters, who go to the polls next Tuesday in the state’s general election, which has long amounted to little more than a formality in this one-party state, will decide the fate of an amend-, ment to the state constitution fix ing new requirement for register ing and qualifying to vote. The new requirement, should the amendment receive a majority in the voting next Tuesday, will be that all persons in the state must submit a written application to register and a written explanation of the constitution of the United States, which must be approved by the official before whom the ap plication is made. The proposed amendment was adopted by the last session of the state legislature, when its chief proponent announced that the sole purpose of the amendment is to prevent any further increase in the number of Negro voters in the state, and said that no white man in the state would ever be required (Continued on Page Eight) WALTER WHITE IN N. Y. HOSPITAL WITH SECOND HEART ATTACK . New York, N. Y. Oct. 25 (DSN) ' —Walter White, Secretary of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People was in the New York Hospital last , week with a second heart attack. ! Previously the Secretary had been hospitalized for four days with what was described as a heart con dition. In making the Announcement in regard to the attack suffered by i the Secretary last week, Dr. Chan ; ning Tobias, Chairman of the | Board of the NAACP said that ' Mr. White had suffered another heart attack and had entered the I New York Hospital where doctors said that he needed a complete rest. Dr. Tobias £ave no further i details concerning the condition of the secretary at the time and no additional information has been made available during the past week. The Secretary had been sched uled to deliver a number of speeches including the deep South, where he w’as to speak in Jackson, Mississippi, on November 7th, fol lowing a November 5th speech in Memphis, Tenn. The office of the NAACP ha« not yet cancelled these scheduled appearances it being the policy of the organization to send other speakers to fill engagements where the scheduled speaker is unable to appear. Inter-Group Council Will Discuss Current Tensions At Chicago Meet White Baptist Youth Post Assigned To Negro Girl New York.—For the first time in its history, the white American Baptist Convention recently ap pointed a Negro girl as youth work interne for its board of education. She is Miss Helen E. Banks, 23, Mumford, N. Y., who was selected along with seven others for train ing in the field. As part of her training, she will visit cities and villages in New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana and Connecticut (on assignment), to establish clubs for young people between the ages of 12 and 24. Deleware Students Obey Order To Attend All Negro School Milford, Del., Oct. 25.—(Special) —Ten Negro pupils, ousted from Milford’s all-white high school, obeyed an order from the Dela? ware State Board of Education and reported for classes at the all Negro high school at Georgetown, 16 miles south of here last Mon (Continued on Page Seven) Chicago, 111. Oct. 22 (Special)— An estimated 100 delegates from all sections of the nation will meet for three days (Nov. 26-28) on the campus of the University of Chicago to discuss current inter group tensions in America. The conference is sponsored by the National Council on Intercul tural Relations, and the local chair man is Rev. George Lawrence, member of the council’s national board of directors. The conference will pay special attention to incidents resulting from the U. S. Supreme Court’s ruling against racial segregation in public schools last May 17. Dis crimination and segregation in housing and interstate travel will also be discussed. Observers and consultants from various organizations will partici pate, including representatives of the National Students Association. During the three-dav sessions, final plans will be made by the council's national planning commit tee for the 10th annual conference and workshop to be held at New York City in December. The coun cil’s national board of directors will also meet during the Chicago confab. The Council on Intercultural Re lations was formed in 1944 at New York University, and is composed of students and young business and professional men, and women interested in improving human re lations in America. It is a study and educational fellowship, with members in 23 states scattered throughout the country.