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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, October 30, 1954, Image 1

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WALTER WHITE SUFFERS SECOND HEART ATTACK
[ Patronise Our Adrertis- ^F ^ GOOD CONDUCT
Ien — Their AdTertisinc I WILL ALWAYS GAIN
in this paper shows that ■ YOU RESPECT,
they appreciate yonr ■ Watch Your Public
^de. Conduct.
VOLUME XIII—NUMBER 1 IaCKSON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1954 PRICE TEN CENTO
Decide Fate 01 Vote Restricting Law Next Tuesday
★ ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★★
State Negro Republican Leader Gets Prison Sentence
PROMINENT MEMBER OF HOWARD
REPUBLICAN FACTION CONVICTED
ON CHARGE OF SOLICITING
CAMPAIGN FUNDS ON UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT PROPERTY
Franklin County Leader Is Loser
In Trial In United States Court
Judge Allows Time To Arrange
Affairs Before Starting Sentence
• .■ -.. —
Meadville, Miss., Oct. 25.— (DS
N)—Joe S. Johnson, prominent
Franklin County Negro Republican
leader, a member of the Perry
Howard Black and Tan faction of
the state, was convicted in a trial
in the Federal court, held at Hat
tiesburg last week on a charge of
soliciting campaign funds on Gov
ernment property.
Johnson, who has been identified
with the Howard faction for a
number of years, was active in
raising funds for the organization
during the last presidential elec
tion, and was indicted last May
on the charge of soliciting cam
paign funds on Government prop
erty by a Federal grand jury.
The trial was held before Fed
eral Judge Miles, who sentenced
Johnson to seven months after he
had been found guilty on three
counts contained in the indictment.
The judge however ruled that the
(Continued on Page Four)
GRAND LODGE SPEAKER: R. L.
Drew, above, of Clarksdale, Wor
thy Grand Master, United Order
of Friendship, who will be the
guest speaker at the 16th Annual
Grand Session, Nov. itj-29, King
Hiram Masonic Grand Lodge, at
Meridian, Miss.
Jackson College To Observe 34th
Annual American Education Week
Jackson College will observe the
34th Annual American Education
Week, November 7-13, 1954, by
trying to create a greater aware
ness on the part of the public that
good schools don’t just happen. In
cooperation with radio station
WOKJ and the National Education
Association, the College will build
its program on the general theme
Good Schools Are Your Responsi
bility and will emphasize: Ideals
to Live By, Teachers for Tomor
row, Investing in Good Schools,
Working Together for Good
Schools, Effective Citizenship,
Teaching the Fundamentals To
day, and How Good Are Our
Schools ?
During the observance the pub
lic will hear a series of transcrip
tions over WOKJ which have been
especially prepared to build and
reinforce community interest in
good schools.
American Education Week is ob
served each year during the week
embracing November 11, formerly
known as Armistice Day. National
sponsors of the observance are Na
tion Education Association,
American Legion, United States
Office of Education, and The Na
tional Congress of Parents and
Teachers.
GOVERNMENT MOVES TO STOP
SEGREGATION ON RAILROADS
WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 25—
The Eisenhower administration has
come out for a complete stop of
the practice of segregating white
and Negro passengers traveling
across state lines on trains.
Attorney General Herbert J.
Brownell, Jr., said in a brief filed
with the Interstate Commerce Com
mission that “the time has come
... to declare unequivocally that
a Negro passenger is free to travel
the length and breadth of this
country in the same manner as any
other passenger.”
Mr. Brownell’s move followed by
five days a decision by the United
States Supreme Court not to inter
fere with a ruling by the Illinois
Supreme Court that a state lacks
power to ban racial segregation in
interstate travel.
The Illinois Commerce Commis
sion had ruled that a Negro woman
was discriminated against by the
Illinois Central Railroad when she
was directed to leave a coach filled
with white persons and go to an
other car where only Negroes wrere
seated.
On appeal, the Illinois court
(Continued on Page Three)
First Interracial Travel Agency
Gets Official Accreditation
New York, N. Y., Oct. 25.—
(Special)—For the first time in
the history of the American travel
industry, an inter-racial agency,
King Travel Organization, Inc.,
has been given official accredita
tion. The International Air Trans
port Association and the Air Traf
fic Conference, representing near
v ly all the scheduled airlines of the
world, recently voted their ap
proval.
Don A. Davis, president of King
Travel Organization, in announc
ing the accreditation this week,
stated, “Our company’s aim is to
increase the Negro travel business
so that it becomes an important
part of the over-all travel picture.
Then, and only then, will we be
able to effectively assist in has
tening the day when Negroes will
be able to travel on an equal status
anywhere in the world. Airline
approval or our agency is an im
portant step forward.”
King Travel Organization, at
681 5th Avenue, New York City,
originally incorporated under the
name Admiral Tours, was organ
ized last year. Its principals in
clude Mr. Davis, a successful pack
ager of national television and
radio programs; Mr. W. H. (Billy)
Butler, vice-president and secre
tary, a specialist in the field of
Negro travel, who is also presi
dent of Travelguide, Inc., publish
ers of a directory of accommoda
tions for people of all races; Mr.
John L. Gosselin, vice-president, a
world traveler and foreign trade
specialist; Miss Ernestine Sam
uels, general manager, formerly
with the American Express Com
pasy and the U. S. Department of
State, who ■ has some 15 years of
(Continued on Page Six)

British Parliament
Member Advocates
Immediate Self-Gov't
In Some Parts Of
Africa; Period Of
Delay In Others
Lord Hemingford Is
Howard U. Speaker
SEE NATIONALISM NOT
COMMUNISM AS CAUSE OF
FERMENT ON CONTINENT
WASHINGTON, D. C.—A mem
ber of Great Britain’s House of
Lords called for immediate self
government in many parts of Af
rica and a “period of delay” in
others in a speech at Howard Uni
versity this week.
He was Lord Hemingford, found
er of Achimoto College in Gold
Coast, Africa and currently chair
(Continued on Page Eight)
-o
State Sunday School
BTU Congress Hold
Annual Session
Rev. J. W. Gayden
Re-elected President
Clarksdale, Miss. Oct. 25 — The
Sunday School and Baptist Train
ing Union Congress of Mississip
pi convened with the Baptist
Churches of Clarksdale last week.
The Host Church was the Liberty
Baptist Church Rev. A. D. Banks,
Pastor. The main sessions were
held at the First Baptist Church,
Rev. B. C. Clady, Jr., Pastor. The
pre-convention program was held
Monday evening.
Dr. J. W. Gayden, President opem
ed the congress at 9 a.m. Tuesday.
' The lecturers were Rev. W. C. Clay,
(Continued on Page Eight)
Pres. Otis Praises
Success Of Miss.
State Fair
Alcorn, Miss., Oct. 25 (Special) —
“The success of the first State
Fair for Negro citizens, supported
by the State Fair Commission, was
due to hard work on the part of the
planning committee”, says J. R.
Otis, Chairman of the Negro State
Fair Association. “It was an ex
ample of teamwork on the part of
all who participated. While there
is much to be happy over, there is
also much to be desired in the
quantity and quality of livestock
exhibits”, says Dr. Otis.
In addition to providing commu
(Continued on Page Six)
-o
Negro Extension
Supervisors To Hold
Conference In Atlanta
Negro Extension Service super
visors from 15 Southern States
will meet in a regional conference
in Atlanta, Ga., November 1-5, Di
rector C. M. Ferguson of the Fed
eral Extension Service announced
this week. The sessions will be
held at the Butler Street YMCA.
An important feature of the
conference will be a discussion of
the new farm and home unit ap
proach which is being developed in
an expanded and more intensive
agricultural and homemaking pro
gram by Extension Service. Un
der this program, about 1,000
white and colored farm and home
agents are to be apponited
throughout the nation to give di
rect, on-the-farm guidance to farm
families.
The conference is being coordi
i nated by Dr. John W. Mitchell,
Extension National Negro leader;
and Charles A. Sheffield, Exten
sion field agent.
States expected to be represent
ed are: Alabama, Arkansas, Flor
ida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Maryland, Mississippi, North Car
olina, Oklahoma, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and
' West Virginia.
State Club Women Here This Week
Club women from all sections of the state will gather here this
! f riday and Saturday for the Forthy-Sixth Annual Convention of the
| Mississippi State Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs. The conven
tion will be under the guidance of Miss F. 0. Alexander, left, President
| °f the State Federation. The principal speaker will be Mrs. Irene
Caines, of Chicago, Right, President of the National Federation of Col
: ored Women's Clubs. Included on the program will be the scholarship
oratorical ( ontest Friday night. The entire program of the convention
1 is organized around the theme. “Together we work for a better world.”
The Hoard of Directors, Mrs. M. M. Hubert of Jackson, Chairman, will
have an excellent report conceriting the development of the property and
recreation center at Clinton, Miss.
. ..___*____ ___
Baby Contestants Grow As Dr. R. 0.
Williams Is Named As Judge
Continued interest of Jackson
Advocate readers in Carnation’s
First Annual Hometown “Healthy
Baby Contest” is indicated by the
volume of entries which have been
received by this paper to date.
Nearly 20 snapshots have been sub
mitted by proud parents who hope
to win for their babies one of the
valuable cash prizes being: offered
by the Carnation Company, pro
ducer of Carnation Evaporated
Milk. Considerably more entries
are expected before the close of
this contest on Wednesday, Novem
ber 17, 1954.
Simple rules have been estab
lished for this contest which is con
ducted just for readers of this
newspaper who reside in Jackson
and suburbs and who have infants
of three years of age or younger.
All that is required is a snapshot of
the child taken within the last
three months and the official entry
blank which has appeared in earlier
issues of Jackson Advocate. Addi
tional entry blanks may be obtained
from the editorial offices of this
paper, or (to be decided upon).
Entries must be postmarked not
later than midnight, November 17.
The job of judging this contest
has been assigned to a panel of
prominent local citizens who have
been busily screening entries as
they arrive. Dr. R. O. Williams has
been named as one of the Judges.
An unusual aspect of this contest
is the research objective for which
it is being conducted by the Car
Continued pn Page Six)
ARK. DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE
ADDS 3 NEGROES TO ROLLS
Little Rock, Ark. — Changing a
lily-white status that has existed
since Reconstruction days, the Ark
ansas Democratic State committee
last week added three Negroes to
its rolls. Without a murmur of
protest, the committee also voted
to name three more Negroes as
soon as it could screen a large
number of recommendations made
from the First, Fifth, and Sixth
congressional districts where the
Negro population is heaviest.
The first Negroes ever to sit on
the Democratic Party's policy
making and ruling body will be
P. W. Black, Jr., of Blackville,
Jackson County, Rev. A. J. Pear
son of Fort Smith, and W. C.
Mackey of Texarkana.
Selection of the Negroes came
under a change in the party rules
adopted last month to enlarge the
state committee from 3 to 59 with
the additional six to be named by
the 53 elected at the convention,
Negroes w'ere not specified for the
extra memberships, but it was gen
erally understood that at least
some of them would be for Ne
groes.
Democratic Natl. Committee Chairman
Goes To Aid Of Negro Candidate
WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 20—
(Special) — Stephen A. Mitchell,
Chairman of the Democratic Na
tional Committee, will make his
first campaign trip to Michigan for
a major speech in the 13th Con
gresional District, in Detroit, Oc
tober 23rd. Charles C. Diggs, Jr., is
the Democratic candidate for Con
gress in the 13th District.
Mr. Mitchell will speak on behalf
of the state-wide Democratic ticket
as well as on Mr. Diggs behalf.
During his one-day stay in the
state, he will also visit the 17th
District where Mrs. Martha W.
Griffith is Democratic Congres
sional candidate; and the 14th Dis
trict of Congressman Louis C.
Rabaut.
Mr. Diggs, whose father was at
one time a member of the Michi
gan State Senate, is a member of
(Continued on Page Eight)
Race Problem In South Africa
Continues To Jog United Nations
United Nations, N. Y.—Latm
American leadership has gone into
action in the ninth General As
sambly of the United Nations to
try to bring an UN-mediated set
tlement out of India’s nine-year-old
complaint against treatment of the
people of Indian origin in South
Africa.
Despite the slight lessening of
tension in East-West relations felt
in this year’s disarmament debate
and the recent wave of bilateral
settlements in the diplomatic world
there appears to be as much in
transigeance as ever in this long
standing international dispute.
Not only have the South Afri
cans rebuffed the good offices com
mission sent to their country by
the UN, but they continue to in
sist that the question is a domestic
matter which the United Nations
should not even discuss.
The resolution introduced by
(Continued on Page Eight)
Pres. Tubman
Asks Colleges To
Take Lead In
Struggle For
World Unity
Address Delivered In
Accepting Degree
From Howard U.
CALLED INSPIRING LEADER
OF DEMOCRACY BY I)R.
NORMAN JOHNSON
WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 25.—
President William V. S. Tubman,
18th head of state of the Republic
of Liberia, has called upon the col
leges and universities of America
to take the initiative in the effort
to bring about spiritual unity
throughout the world.
The plea came in his acceptance
address on being awarded the hon
orary degree Doctor of Laws at
Howard University Tuesday. On
Monday, President Tubman began
a three-week State Visit to the
United States.
The special convocation, at which
the degree was conferred, was
held in Rankin Memorial Chapel
j on the University campus. A ca
j pacity crowd of some 600, includ
i ing several high American and Li
j berian Government officials, wit
nessed the ceremonies.
| Living as we are today in a
| world which is practically one, we
! must persevere in our determina
tion to achieve spiritual unity out
of cultural diversity,” President
! Tubman said; ‘‘and it is in this
important area of human relation
ship that we must expect intellec
tual institutions to wield their
greatest influence.
“Therefore, upon your shoulders
! as moulders of the thoughts of
men and nations, hangs the fate
(Continued on Page Seven)
-o
Supreme Council
! Scottish Rite Masons
I
: Hold Annual Session
41 Leading Citizens
Get 33rd Degree
Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 20—Forty
one Prince Hall Masons from Mid
western, Southern and Far West
ern states were awarded the thirty
third and last degree at the 68th
annual anniversary session of the
United Supreme Council of Ancient
and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free
Masonry for the Southern Jusidic
tion of the USA held in the Sharff
Branch of the YMCA October 17 to
19.
Leading citizens from all over the
jurisdiction were among those
honored. Included in the group
were Dr. J. E. Walker, president
of the Universal Life Insurance
Company of Memphis as well as
the local bank; J. R. Oatis, presi
dent of Alcorn College in Missis
sippi; President J. L. Reddix, presi
(Continued on Page Eight)
-o
New Members Elected
To Tuskegee Board
New York, Oct. 22 — Three new
members were elected to the Board
of Trustees of Tuskegee Institute
(Ala.) at the annual fall meeting
here today, it was announced by
Basil O'Connor, chairman of the
Board.
They are Miss Margaret Hickey,
of St. Louis, Mo., editor of the Pub
lic Affairs Department of the La
dies Home Journal; John H. John
son, of Chicago, 111., magazine
publisher and president of the John
son Publishing Company, and
George Champion, of Darien, Conn.,
senior vice president of the Chase
National Bank.
"The unselfish services of dis
tinguished voluntary leaders like
yourselves have helped make Tus
kegee the formost institution of its
kind,” Mr. O’Connor told the new
trustees. "And your service with
us will help us to work toward
I our goal of equality of educational,
economic and social opportunity for
(Continued on Page Seven)
MISSISSIPPI VOTERS DECIDE FATE
OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT
FIXING RULE FOR REGISTERING
TO VOTE IN TUESDAY ELECTION
Amendment Aimed At Preventing
; Increase Of Negro Voters
State Has Only 21,000 Negro Voters
Out Of One Million Population
GRAND MASTER: W. J. Oat«a of
Natchez, Grand Master, M. W.
King: David Grand Lodgre, Scottish
Rite Masons, whose 30th Annual
; Session will convene in Laurel,
| Miss., next week.
Jackson, Miss. Oct. 25 (DSN) —
Mississippi voters, who go to the
polls next Tuesday in the state’s
general election, which has long
amounted to little more than a
formality in this one-party state,
will decide the fate of an amend-,
ment to the state constitution fix
ing new requirement for register
ing and qualifying to vote.
The new requirement, should the
amendment receive a majority in
the voting next Tuesday, will be
that all persons in the state must
submit a written application to
register and a written explanation
of the constitution of the United
States, which must be approved
by the official before whom the ap
plication is made.
The proposed amendment was
adopted by the last session of the
state legislature, when its chief
proponent announced that the sole
purpose of the amendment is to
prevent any further increase in the
number of Negro voters in the
state, and said that no white man
in the state would ever be required
(Continued on Page Eight)
WALTER WHITE IN N. Y. HOSPITAL
WITH SECOND HEART ATTACK
. New York, N. Y. Oct. 25 (DSN)
' —Walter White, Secretary of the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People was
in the New York Hospital last
, week with a second heart attack.
! Previously the Secretary had been
hospitalized for four days with
what was described as a heart con
dition.
In making the Announcement in
regard to the attack suffered by
i the Secretary last week, Dr. Chan
; ning Tobias, Chairman of the
| Board of the NAACP said that
' Mr. White had suffered another
heart attack and had entered the
I New York Hospital where doctors
said that he needed a complete
rest. Dr. Tobias £ave no further
i details concerning the condition of
the secretary at the time and no
additional information has been
made available during the past
week.
The Secretary had been sched
uled to deliver a number of
speeches including the deep South,
where he w’as to speak in Jackson,
Mississippi, on November 7th, fol
lowing a November 5th speech in
Memphis, Tenn.
The office of the NAACP ha«
not yet cancelled these scheduled
appearances it being the policy of
the organization to send other
speakers to fill engagements where
the scheduled speaker is unable
to appear.
Inter-Group Council Will Discuss
Current Tensions At Chicago Meet
White Baptist
Youth Post
Assigned To
Negro Girl
New York.—For the first time
in its history, the white American
Baptist Convention recently ap
pointed a Negro girl as youth work
interne for its board of education.
She is Miss Helen E. Banks, 23,
Mumford, N. Y., who was selected
along with seven others for train
ing in the field.
As part of her training, she will
visit cities and villages in New
York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey,
Ohio, Indiana and Connecticut (on
assignment), to establish clubs for
young people between the ages of
12 and 24.
Deleware Students
Obey Order To
Attend All
Negro School
Milford, Del., Oct. 25.—(Special)
—Ten Negro pupils, ousted from
Milford’s all-white high school,
obeyed an order from the Dela?
ware State Board of Education and
reported for classes at the all
Negro high school at Georgetown,
16 miles south of here last Mon
(Continued on Page Seven)
Chicago, 111. Oct. 22 (Special)—
An estimated 100 delegates from
all sections of the nation will meet
for three days (Nov. 26-28) on
the campus of the University of
Chicago to discuss current inter
group tensions in America.
The conference is sponsored by
the National Council on Intercul
tural Relations, and the local chair
man is Rev. George Lawrence,
member of the council’s national
board of directors.
The conference will pay special
attention to incidents resulting
from the U. S. Supreme Court’s
ruling against racial segregation
in public schools last May 17. Dis
crimination and segregation in
housing and interstate travel will
also be discussed.
Observers and consultants from
various organizations will partici
pate, including representatives of
the National Students Association.
During the three-dav sessions,
final plans will be made by the
council's national planning commit
tee for the 10th annual conference
and workshop to be held at New
York City in December. The coun
cil’s national board of directors
will also meet during the Chicago
confab.
The Council on Intercultural Re
lations was formed in 1944 at New
York University, and is composed
of students and young business
and professional men, and women
interested in improving human re
lations in America. It is a study
and educational fellowship, with
members in 23 states scattered
throughout the country.

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