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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, November 13, 1954, Image 1

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““—————* r
Patronise Oar Advertie* GOOD CONDUCT
ere — Their Advertisiag WILL ALWAYS GAIN
is this paper shows that YOU RESPECT,
the? appreciate 70ar Watch Yoar PibMe
trade. Coadact.
Say It Is Not The Role Of Negroes To
Achieve Racial Integration
J. Ernest Wilkins Is Dillard
University Founders Day Speaker
New Orleans, La. Nov. 8 — At
torney J. Ernest Wilkins, Assist
ant Secretary of Labor, speaking
before the students, faculty, trus
tees and guests of Dillard Univer
sity, here last Sunday; on the
occasion of the 20th Annual Foun
ders’ Day observance, told his aud
ience: “The Supreme Court deci
sion on public schools told states
and local communities that they
could not, under our constitution,
use their state and local govern
ments to maintain first class cit
izenship for some Americans and
second class citizenship for oth
ers.” The speaker .was introduced
by Dr. A. W. Dept, president of
the institution that was formed by
the merger in 1935 of old New
Orleans University and Straight
Secretary Wilkins, who is also
the secretary of the Judicial Coun
cil of The Methodist Church, which
is referred to as the denomina
tion’s Supreme Court, continued:
(Continued on Page Five)
Davis’ Promotion
' Retails Father’s
Military Career
New York — Promoting young
Col. B. O. Davis to the rank of
brigadier general, which is a well
earned promotion, recalls the ele
vation of his father to similar
rank, just about 15 years ago.
At that time, young B. O. Davis
was just out of W’est Point two
or three years (he graduated in
1936) and was cutting his eye
teeth in army life. Davis Sr., a
colonel, retired, was called back
by the late President F. D. Roose
velt and given the rank of briga
(Continued on Page Six)
-- !
S. C. Lawyer Says
Integration Only
A Matter Of Time
Columbia, S. C. — Integration
is a matter of time, according to
the dean of the George Washing
ton University law school.
“There can be no hope of per
manent forestalling of integration
in view” of the Supreme Court
decision outlawing segregation in
public schools, said Dr. John T.
(Continued on Page Four)
Bunche Cited
By Roosevelt
BROOKLYN. — The unanimous
choice of Dr. Ralph J. Bunche by
the executive committee of the
Theodore Roosevelt Association
for one of its distinguished service
medals drew fruitless objection.
Archibald B. Roosevelt, sole sur
viving son of Theodore Roosevelt,
urged the association to rescind
its selection of Dr. Bunche, whom
he accused of having a “past rec
ord with communism.”
Oscar S. Straus, president of
the association, in his reply, said
Dr. Bunche had been named to re
ceive the medal “because of his
exceptional service to the nation
in the field of international affairs
and because of the qualities of
heart and mind and spirit that
illuminate and inspire that ser
He added that the government
(Continued on Page Four)
Virginia Medical Society Votes
To Admit Negro Doctors
Medical Society of Virginia, meet
ing here with the District of Co
lumbia Medical Society in the first
Interstate Scientific Assembly, has
voted to admit colored physicians
to membership.
The action was taken Sunday
at a meeting of the House of
Delegates, the governing body of
^he Virginia medical group, in ses
sion at the Shoreham Hotel.
It climaxed years of attempts to
open the society’s membership to
! colored doctors, who have been
| barred by membership rules. For
; the past four years the matter has
| come up for official vote only to be
defeated but by a diminishing mar
Dr. Vincent W. Archer, of Char
lottesville, Virginia, president of
the society announced the decision.
The vote was not made public.
Although the Virginia Medical
Society barred colored physicians
from membership, some of its con
(Continued on Page Two)
25 Times As Many Tractors On Negro Farms
In Mississippi As In 1930 Says Report
Washington, D. C., Nov. 8 —'
Negro farmers in Mississippi had
25 times ts many tractors in 1950
as they had 20 years before, says
a report released recently by the
Mississippi State College agricul
tural experiment station.
The number of tractors owned by
colored farmers in Mississippi rose
from 242 in 1930 to 6,311 in I960,
but they still owned only a fifth
of the farm tractors in the State,
while they themselves made up
49 percent of the farm operators.
However, the average size of their
farms was only 37 acres, compared
with 126 for whites.
The report is based on a study
made by B. W. Harris, head of the
department of agricultural econo
mics of Alcorn A. & M. College,
Alcorn, Miss., and released through
the experiment station. It con
tains other important data such as
tenure of operators, rural and ur
ban population shifts, and farm in
(Continued on Page Five)
‘Sweet Auburn’
Visited By
Pres. Tubman
ATLANTA, Ga.—The president
of Liberia, William V. S. Tubman,
visited several Auburn Avenue
business establishments Friday en
route to the YMCA where an after
noon reception was held in his
After touring the Atlanta Life
Insurance Company’s Home Office
and other firms, President Tubman
went to the plant office of the At
lanta Daily World. In the back
shop of the newspaper building, he
told the 60 World employees “I am
glad to have found you working.”
C. A. Scott, editor and general
manager of the World, introduced
(Continued on Page Seven)
Alabama Minister
Reveals Plan To
End Segregation
By Bombing Of
Negro High School
Police Alerted To
Protect New
$300,000 School
local Negro minister was sup
1 posedly approached last week by
; two white men with a plan to
blow up a new $300,000 Negro high
! school here.
According to Rev. M. Munn, the
j minister, the scheme was part of
; a plot to “bomb segregation out
| of existence.” He said the master
(Continued on Page Eight)
: Choral Directors
Conference Set For
Jackson College
i A one-day conference for choral
| conductors will be held at Jackson
| College Saturday, November 13,
according to an announcement by
Edgar Rogie Clark, Head of the
Jackson College Music Department.
The conference is being held to help
those who wish to improve their
techniques and to learn firsthand
j the recent trends in choral music.
Time will be allowed for mem-1
bers of the group to ask questions
, and post problems. The session is
(Continued on Page Two)
High School
Day Observed
At Alcorn
Alcorn, Miss., Nov. 8( Spec
ial) — Alcorn’s campus became
a ‘‘community of interest” on Sat
urday, October 30, when more than
a thousand high school students
gahered here in response to an in
vitation to be our guests. These
youngsters ■were registered and re
ceived a folder containing meal
cards, tickets to the game, and a
ticket to the Pre-Halloween Dance
given in their honor.
At four O’clock p.m. bands from
Utica Institute, Claibrone County
(Continued on Page Five)
Peace Through
Air Power
Display Here
Next Week
Direct from the Military Ama
teur Radio Station (MARS) send
free radiograms to your service
men whereever they may be, any
where in the world.
“Peace Through Air Power,” the
largest United States Air Force
mobile display in history, opens a
three day showing in Jackson, No
vember the 17th. The Amateur Ra
dio Station, featured as one of 13
top Air Force displays, opens Wed
nesday morning at Sears Roebuck
on North State Street. The pub
lic is cordially invited. Admission
is free.
Going along with the Air Force
policy of reminding the people to
(Continued on Page Five)
J. T. A. Holds Regular
Meetings At Lanier
And Brinkley
Jackson Teachers’ Association is
an organization which aims to pro
mote the welfare of the members;
to establish mutually beneficial
relationships among them; and to
promote literally and scientific
pursuits and matters kindred there
to, were points emphasized by
President R. C. Dukes in the first
regular meeting of the association
assembled in the Lanier High
(Continued on Page Eight)
Missouri Baptist
Backs Jackson’s
Progressive Four
Point Program
State Convention
Endorses Million
Dollar Nationwide
Fund Campaign
St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 8.—(Spe
cial)—The Missouri Baptist State
Convention unanimously endorsed
a nationwide million-dolllar cam
paign to underwrite the progress
ive four-point program of Dr. J.
H. Jackson, president of the Na
tional Baptist Convention, USA,
Inc. Ministers from all over the
state of Missouri pledged all-out
support for the project at their
recent annual meeting.
The state convention's president,
Rev. John E. Nance, urged the
action in his anunual address. He
is pastor of Washington Taber
(Continued on Page Five)
Mail Mau Uprising!
Laid To Primary
Land Problem
Most Lands Held By
White Settlers
London.—A recent ANP dispatch
from here reporting the announce
ment by Colonial Secretary Alan
Lennox-Boyd that 68 natives have
been formally executed in Kenya
in the past two years, brings into
focus again the basic issues in the
struggles between white and black
I in the remote corners of East Af
j rica.
The basic trouble seems to hinge
| upon the so-called “empty land”
; theory held by the white settlers,
j As one observer put it, “the white .
j pioneer in Africa cannot or will
not believe that this is not an
empty continent..”
White men occupied about 900
square miles of supposedly “empty
(Continued on Page Six)
Col. B. 0. Davis, Jr., Brigadier General
Of The Air Force Now According To
Announcement From The White House!
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8.—Col. B.
O. Da via, Jr. of the Air For«.e“, Wes
been promoted to temporary Brig
adier General, it was announced
at the White House last Wednes
Gen. Davis, son of retired Brig.
Gen. B. O. Davis, Sr., is now serv
ing as director of operations in
the Far Eastern Air Force, with
headquarters in Japan.
The junior brigadier general was
born in Washington, D. C., Dec.
! 18, 1912. He received his high
I school education at Central High
j school, Cleveland, 0., where he was
J graduated in 1929. He attended
Western Reserve University,
j Cleveland, for one year; and Uni
j versity of Chicago for two years.
' In 1932, he entered West Point,
graduating in 1936. He was grad- j
uated from the Infantry School, j
Fort Benning, Ga., in 1938. He j
then transferred from the infantry i
(Continued on Page Six)
Tubman Says No Truth To Charges
That Liberia Discriminates
Washington — At a speech in
Howard University, Liberian Presi
dent William V. S. Tubman denied
charges that his country practices
“veiled discrimination” against
Speaking to the trustee board,
faculty and students recently, Tub
man said that Liberia has “sought
to give fullest practical application
to the fundamental belief in the
equality of the races.
“It is not true, as some of our
severest critics may assert, that
there is sometimes practiced in
Liberia discrimination against
certain races. There is not the
slightest shade of discrimination of
any kind in Liberia.”
Tubman said Liberians do not
especially resent being reminded
that Liberia was founded by freed
“On the contrary,” he said “this
is a fact which should wrell serve
as a fair measurement of the
depths from whence we as a na
tion have come.
“Furthermore, we believe that
(Continued on Page Eight)
Negro Democrat Leaders At $100-Plafe
Dinner At Philly's Bellevue Stratford
Philadelphia—Councilman Ray
mond Pace Alexander, prominent
attorney and well known Democrat,
and commissioner of records Mar
shall L. Shepard of Mt. Olivet
Tabernacle Baptist Church, were
among 2,500 leaders at the Demo
cratic $100-a-plate dinner at Bel
levue Stratford hotel here last
week. Rev. Shepard gave the in
State Sen. George M. Leader
stressed to the enthusiastic aud
ience that the only thing that
could beat the Democrats at this
late date was over-confidence—a
feeling that the election was won.
He further avowed that Pennsyl
vania’s Republicans had made a
fatal error in assuming that any
GOP nominee could carry the state.
The 1,400 Democratic committee
heads had reservations for the
event and were present to hear
what is expected to be the state's
next governor, Senator Leader. Al
so addressing the group were Wil
(Continued on Page Six)
See Rush Of Last Minute Entries
For Carnation Milk - Jackson
Advocate $500 Healthy Baby Contest
The office of the Jackson Advo
cate is predicting and expecting a
last minute rush of snapshots of
entries in the first Healthy Baby
Contest, sponsored by the Jackson
Advocate and the Carnation Milk
Company, which is now approach
ing its final days.
Already snapshots have been re
ceived not only of Jackson babies,
but from babies in the small towns
in the Jackson area, which are also
eligible for the contest.
The question to be decided in
the contest is who will be the
Wealthiest and cutest baby in the
city of Jackson and the Jackson
area. At stake are cash prizes
which total more than $500 with
the winner of the first prize re
ceiving $300 cash. The second
prize winner will receive $100 cash.
There are four $25 prizes.
The only requirement to enter
the contest is a snapshot of the
baby made during the past three
months. Babies entered in the con
test mast be under three years of
Get your application and snap
shot and send it to the Carnation
Milk Healthy Baby Contest ad
dressed to Jackson Advocate, 406%
i N. Farish Street.
Do it now, next week may be
1 too late.
Perry Howard
Says Johnson Did
Not Represent
State Organization
Nat’l Committeeman
Wants Record Set
Straight On Convicted
State Republican
JACKSON, Miss., Nov. 8.—(DS
N)—Perry W. Howard, long-time
National Republican committeeman
for the state of Mississippi and
titular leader of the state’s so
called Black and Tan Republican
organization, in a letter to Percy
Greene, editor and publisher of the
Jackson Advocate, Mississippi’s
(Continued on Page Six)
Liberian President
Cited For Service
To Humanity
DETROIT, Mich. — President
William V. S. Tubman of Liberia
was honored by his fraternity by
being presented the annual Phi
Beta Sigma award for “Outstand
ing Service to Humanity” . . . dur
ing the official reception at De
troit City Hall, Tuesday, October
The award, in the form of an
engraved plaque, was presented by
Dr. L. F. Swan local president, on
behalf of the national president,
Dr. George W. Hightower of At
(Continued on Page Six)
Negro Firemen On
Fast Diesel Trains
Brooklyn — One of the South’s
leading railroad unionists visited
Rev. C. L. Franklin, Pastor, Mt.
Lebanon Baptist Church here last
week, and brought a message of
advancement by Negro railroad
men. The visitor was Cleveland
Jackson, 43, Jackson, Miss., a ne
phew of the Pastor.
Jackson is a member of the In
ternational Brotherhood of Firemen
(Continued on Page Four)
Gold Coast
Faces Political
ACCRA, Gold Coast — When
the Gold Coast Legislative Assemb
ly meets next week, Dr. Kwame
Nkrumah’s government may be
facing a serious situation. For the
first time since it took power in
1951 it will be faced with a revolt
from a sizeable segment of the
The Ashanti traditional or tri
bal leadership, headed by the As
antehone, has formerly supported
Nkrumah’s organization, the con
vention People’s Party. Last week,
however, the Asantoman Council
decided to support the new opposi
tion party — the National Libera
tion Movement.
The Ashanti are the wealthiest,
(Continued on Page Seven)
Dr. Percy Julian
Attributes Threats
To Cranks Or
Racial Hysteria
threats on the lives of the children
of Dr. Percy L. Julian, interna
tionally famous chemist, which
have resulted in a 24-hour police
guard around his exclusive Oak
Park, 111., home were attributed
here last week to “cranks or ra
cial hysteria" attendant upon the
national trend twoard segregation.
Interviewed at the municipal air
port shortly after his arrival here
to speak before members of the
Oklahoma Association of Negro
Teachers, Dr. Julian related that
the first threatening letter had
followed closely behind a visit to
(Continued on Page Two)
Charles C. Diggs, Jr., Democrat Wins
By 2-1 Vote la Last Taesday Election
Victory Gives New Congress
Three Negro Democrat Members
TO CONGRESS: Charles C. Diggs,
Jr., a Democrat, and a native of
Mississippi, who became the first
Negro to be elected to Congress
from the state of Michigan in the
election last Tuesday.
I -
Pennsylvania Gets
First Negro
State Trooper
HARRISBURG, Pa.—A 22-year
j old son of a Wilkes-Barre coal
! miner, last week became the first
Negro to serve with the Pennsyl
vania State Police. John R. Dud
ley, formerly employed as a waiter
in a Wilkes-Barre restaurant, ap
plied for training three weeks ago
and was sworn in last week.
DETROIT, Mich. Nov. 8 (Spec
ial)—Young State Senator Charles
C. Diggs Jr., became the first
Negro elected to Congress from
Michigan Tuesday as returns at
press time indicated that he held
a 2-1 margin of votes in Michi
gan’s 13th Congressional District
over his Republican opponent,
Landon Knight.
A total of 27,000 votes to
Knight’s 13,000.
The 31-year-old mortician and
two-term state senator also was
the first of his race to win nomina
tion in a Michigan congressional
Figured He Could
"I sorta figured I could do it,M
stated Diggs, after winning the
nomination from George D. O’Brien
a seven-term incumbent, who then
put support behind him.
Observers opine that Diggs de
cided to run for Congress after his
i strong but unsuccessful bid for a
Detroit Common Council seat, miss
ing by a few thousand votes.
They poi-jt opt too that the new
boundaries of the 3rd Senatorial
District are almost identical with
those of the 13th Congressional
District. Diggs was elected twice
in the old 3rd Senatorial district.
Ran In Place of Father
The new Congressman officially
entered politics upon running to
fill the senatorial vacancy when the
j State Senate refused to seat his
father who was popular enough to
win re-election to the lower cham
ber in 1950 while on parole from
prison for accepting a $150 bribe.
(Continued on Page Five)
Shreveport, La. Nov. 8 (Spec
ial)—Pulitzer-prize winning news
paper editor Hodding Carter said
last wek that anti-Catholic and
anti-Semitic groups were turning
Mississippi Citizen's Councils into
“uptown Ku Klux Klans."
Carter, editor of the Greenville,
Miss., Delta Democrat-Times, blast
ed the formation of citizens’ coun
cils in certain cities and counties
of Mississippi that are dedicated
to fight for segregation.
Carter described the formation
of the councils as a “very dang
erous situation.”
He said it would be “absolute
defeatism for us to insist we would
have a mongrolized race if segre
gation is done away with.”
Integration of public schools, he
said, would cause a dangerous
drop in education standards. Car
ter said Louisiana was going about
it in the right way by providing
equal facilities.
Meanwhile, the 32nd citizens'
council was formed in Lowndos
County, Miss. A fiery speaker
said at the first meeting that the
white and Negro races “cannot
live together in peace with equal
social and political liberties.”
Lena Horne Named Top Actress
Hollywood — Glamorous Lena
Home has been named one of the
top actresses in this movie col
ony. She was selected by James
Mason, actor, as one of his fav
orite 10 actresses. Miss Home is
in the select group along with
such talented personages as Viv
ien Leigh who made “Scarlett
O'Hara” famous in “Gone With
the Wind” Joan Bennett and Judy
Garland, currently riding the
crest of new popularity with her
“A Star Is Born.”
- ■-«
Negro Episcopal
Church Opens
Doors To All
Richmond, Va. — All races have !
been invited to join a Negro Epis
copal church here.
St. Philip’s Episcopal Church
announced last week that its vestry
had voted unanimously “to extend
a cordial invitation to all people,
regardless of race or color to be
come members.
The announcement added: “Col
ored Christians have a direct re
sponsibility to extend a sincere
welcome to all Christians — White,
(Continued on Page Six)
* Washington—“Africa has a vast
potential for development in terms
of making a greater contribution to
the free world economy and of
achieving higher living standards
for its people,” the Foreign Opera
tions Administration reported last
The FOA also indicated that the
African continent was rich in natu
ral resources and was of “growing
importance to the U. S.”
However the contention was
made that the territories and coun
tries of the continent lacked ade
quate information on their resour
ces and did not have the means to
develop them.
Listed as current problems fac
ing Africans were the dependence
of the population upon subsistence
agriculture carried on with primi--.
tive techniques, the extremely low
(Continued on Page Two)

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