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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, November 20, 1954, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn79000083/1954-11-20/ed-1/seq-2/

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Negro Woman...
(Continued from Page One)
we live on an important and valu
able piece of global real estate, the
United States represents only one
seventh of the land area of the
world. And yet, our little minority
(America) produces half of the
world’s wealth.”
She pointed out that while Ne
groes represent only-one tenth of
America’s population and are in the
minority, colored peoples through
out the world are in the great ma
jority. “They constitute two-thirds
of the human race,” she said.
The American Negro, according
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406 >/, N. Farish St.
Dial 2-7817
to Mrs. Sampson, despite discrimi
nation and inequality, has made
more gains than colored peoples
anywhere else in the world. “The
Negro in our country has climbed
above these handicaps and is well
on his way toward realizing the
long-cherished dream of first-class
citizenship,” she emphasized.
In her history-making speech,
Mrs. Sampson called on farmers,
Negroes and all minority groups in
America to join forces and form a
“free world partnership.” She
pointed out that “national and
world salvation depends on getting
rid of minority complexes that tend
to divide us, and on finding per
sonal and group identification with
majority interests that will unite
Industrial countries, especially
America, she said, have demon
strated that truly free enterprise
can “increase production indefi
nitely and distribute their growing
output ever more equitably. We
have learned how to make compe
tition and individual initiative fun
ction within the framework of
broad cooperation. Far from en
gaging in class-war, we have been
rubbing out class lines by enlarg
ing the freedom of the individual
to make the most of his abilities.
“The old idea that farmers and
workers had conflicting interests is
fast losing ground. The prosperity
of the farmer depends upon the
prosperity of the worker and vice
versa—for, each group is a market
for the other. And they both have
an interest in healthy world trade
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as an outlet for surpluses, and as
a source of supply.”
The key to growing prosperity,
Mrs. Sampson believes, is educa
tional opportunity. “Yet,” she said,
“for years in the poorest areas we
have had segregation which re
quires a costly two-system setup
with most of the penalties in poor
education suffered by the Negro
minority. Quite apart from the
moral question involved, the U. S.
Supreme Court decision against
segregation in the schools is go
ing to contribute greatly to Ameri
can prosperity in the years ahead.”
The Negro woman diplomat
urged all Americans to put their
real interests ahead of their pre
judices and make the nation’s
market really free. “This means,”
she said, “rapidly extending op
portunities for people to work
wherever and whenever they are
qualified. Racial discrimination in
jobs, in professions and in busi
ness encourages racial closed mar
kets. This is had for all. It de
prives the economy of the pro
ductive efforts of many people
which in turn reduces the amount
of purchasing power, and leads to
waste and inefficiency.”
Mrs. Sampson argued +hat
“European countries who do not
have a color minority in their
midst, but who do crack the whip
over colored majorities in their
colonies, find a certain satisfaction
in focusing the spotlight on the
gap between what America preach
es and what she practices.
“If we are to lead the Free
World, we need the respect of
peoples everywhere on the issue
of right human relations. America
must set the pace. We must prac
tice what we preach to be effective
in helping others to liquidate their
out-moded colonialism . . . When
; Vice President Nixon went around
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4H Citizenship
Day To Cite Need
For Negro Voting
Citizenship Day of the National
4-H Club will be observed locally
Jackson College Auditorium, Wed
nesday at 10 a.m., when good cit
izenship 4-F club members will be
Plans include a grand formal
processional of 4-H Club members
who have just reached voting age;
ceremonial pledges and the pre
sentation of certificates and awards
to members who contributed out
standingly in their respective
The observance is primarily
aimed at making 4-H Club mem
bers aware of their political obli
gations and to inspire zeal and
enthusiasm among the boys and
girls for improving their country.
Negro Turkey...
(Continued from Page One)
be busy from now until Thanks
giving, dressing the birds and plac
ing them in a local freezer lock
They began raising turkeys 10
years ago, starting out w’ith four
turkey hens and a tom. Soon they
began buying poults from a hatch
ery, and gradually increased the
size of their flock until it num
bered more than 500 head one
year. Their average is about 400
birds for the Thanksgiving and
Christmas market.
“It was raising turkeys.” says
Mr. David, “that gave the Wilsons
the confidence to quit tenant farm
ing and start buying a place of
their own.” Now they own 45
acres and rent 75 acres more, main
ly for pasture for their turkeys,
hogs, and expanding herd of beef
For a year or two after they
started raising turkeys in large
numbers, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson
bought most of their turkey feed
because their corn yield was so low
—hardly enough for their work
stock and few head of hogs. Then
their county agent, S. E. Chase,
showed them how to increase their
yields by applying sound soil and
water conservation practices. He
even helped them build terraces and
got them started with winter cover
“Our land isn’t washing and
blowing away anymore,” says Mr.
Wilson. “And our corn yield is up
from 10 to 15 bushels per acre to
nearly 60, and our cotton yield has
about doubled.”
With extra corn on hand, they
make their own feed mix for their
turkeys which also graze over a
15-acre pasture of clovers. “This
cuts their feed bill right down,”
reports Mr. David.
The Wilsons have a son who
was an outstanding 4-H'er. He en
the world several years after we
did, he was struck by the same im
pression. He came back saying
that if we wanted to turn back
the tides of communism in Asia,
we had to practice the freedoms
we preach.”
In forming fcnd cementing the
“Free World partnership,” Mrs.
Sampson said the American Negro
stood able, willing and ready. She
saw “farm surpluses from many
years of good crops” as God’s of
fering of “a stop-gap in our strug
gle for a Free World Partnership.”
She said: “These surpluses can be
thrown into the breach while,
through technical assistance, the
retarded areas are lifting the level
of their production. We can make
food fight communism, while we
strengthen the hungry peoples to
the point where they can stand and
defend themselves on their own
sector of the Free World front.”
Mrs. Sampson ended her address
by beaming, “People on both sides
of the Iron Curtain yearn to be
free!” _
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Negroes Set...
(Continued from Page One)
N. Thomas, was defeated in Toledo
on his second try for state repre
sentative to the assembly.
The first Negro ever to re
ceive Republican nomination for
any office in Lucas County, he
finished eighth in a field of 10
seeking five seats from the county
to the House of Representatives.
His defeat was attributed by ob
servers to the fact that he failed
to pile up solid voted in predomin
antly Negro wards which normally
vote Democratic. „
St. Louis Committeeman Reelected
On St. Louis, Jordan W. Cham
bers, Democratic committeeman
and boss of the powerful 19th
ward, was reelected constable of
the Third district over Rep. Leon
ard Brown, 11,675 to 3,337. John
W. Harvey, Democratic candidate
for magistrate of the same dis
trict defeated Ellis Outlaw.
In Kansas City, Kans., Cordell
D. Meeks was reelected second dis
trict county commissioner in a
Democratic sweep which brought
success to the entire ticket.
Meeks won by 800 votes over
his opponent, James Cox, in a dis
trict almost equally divided be
tween white and Negro voters.
Both Meeks and Cox are Negroes.
The race between the two was
the main attraction in an other
wise dull campaign.
In the only other race involving
Negro candidates, Democrat Dr.
Eldrew Browne had apparently
won over Republican incumbent
Myles C. Stevens in the Eighth dis
trict representative race for a seat
in the Kansas legislature.
A recount was due as Browne
was leading by less than 100 votes,
with counting still going on late
tered college three years ago and
plans to be either a county agent
or a vocational agriculture teach
er. They hope he will find time
to do some farming on the side and
take over their place one day.
Phillipa Schuyler
Cuts South
American Tour
Santiago, Chile—Phillipa Duke
Schuyler, who came to South Am
erica for a short tour, has been
kept here so long by popular de
mand that she was forced to can
cel invitations in order to make
“must” dates in the United States.
Her tour of Argentina was sup
posed to have been over after two
concerts, but she subsequently
stayed a month and appeared with
the Buenos Aires Symphony four
Would Have...
(Continued from Page One)
actment of such a constitutional
Governor Johns’ proposal came
as somewhat of a surprise, since
the segregation matter wasn't on
the official conference agenda and
most governors attending had ex
pressed the views in separate inter
i views that each state should decide
l for itself what course it should
last week.
Stevens was author of the Fair
Employment practices bill which
passed in the last legislative ses
Negroes Win on Coast
Continuing on the victory trail
with Negro candidates, in Los An
geles, Augustine Hawkins was
elected to the city assembly. A
Democrat he was unopposed for
his seat as no Republican candi
date ran in the district.
Another Negro candidate’s out
come was still in doubt. Lucius
Lomax Jr., publisher, Los Angeles :
Tribune, was trailing Republican
white incumbent, G. Delbert Mor
ris, 10,112 votes to 12,815 with 15
out of 249 precincts reporting in
race for the state assembly.
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times and gave numerous piano
recitals in the capital city as well
is in La Platte,
She was, forced to cancel tenta
tive acceptances of invitations to
pro to Uruguay, Brazil, Peru and
She began her Concert tour of the
U. S. with a concert in Boston
last week. She haS scheduled a
recital for Texas Southern uni
versity Dec. 9.
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Delivery MARKET 2-3647
_234 North Farish Street
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Rice 4 -
Lb. 15C
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