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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, November 16, 1957, Image 1

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MOVE MORE FEDERAL TROOPS FROM LITTLE ROCK
A Member Of The Au dit Bureau Circulations
VOLUME X\I NUMBER 4____JACKSON, MISS., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1957 PRICE TEN CENTS
Russia Education Called Challenge In Inti Living
CALL NORTHERN STATES CONFERENCE’ ON ’ RACIAL SEGREGATION
Southern Leaders
Conference To
Seek To Double
Negro Vote In
Citizenship Drive
Urge President To
Meet At Once With
Negro Leaders
Memphis, Tenn., Nov. 11.—(Spe
cial) — The Southern Christian
Leadership conference, composed
of ministers, lawyers, and other
Negro professionals, whose pres
ident is Rev. Martin Luther King,
of Montgomery, Ala., met- here
last Tuesday, Nov. 5, to lay the
final plans for a south-wide cru
sade for Negro citizenship, the
chief aim of which is to double
the number of qualified Negro vot
ers in the south for the 1958 and
1960 elections.
The group also sent a letter to
(Continued on Cage Five)
-o
Negro Opera On
Worldwide Tour
New York City—Janet Lauren,
head o/ Concerts Associates, Inc., I
has just returned from Europe with
several contracts for the services j
of Robert MeFerrin, world re
nowned baritone of the Metropoli- ;
tan Opera Association and the first
Negro singer to be signed by the
Met to a long term contract.
Miss Lauren spent three months
consulting Operatic Impressarios
and Concert booking offices in
Italy, France, England, Switzer
continued on Page Three)
-o
Ex-Slave 109
Dies In Detroit
DETROIT, Mich., No. 11.—Fun
eral services were held Saturday
for a 109-year-old ex-slave, who
died Thursday at the home of her
great granddaughter.
She is Mrs. Fannie Pettaway, of
6432 East Hancock.
Mrs. Pettaway died shortly after
she had drunk a cup of hot coffee,
and was in the process of reading
the Bible, when death came.
Mrs. Pettaway died at the home
of her great granddaughter, Mrs.
Melinda Chrisman, of the Hancock
address.
Funeral services were held in
(Continued on Page Seven)
•-o
State NAACP
Forms Future
Leaders Group
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
Saturday held closed door “work
shops” on desegregation and vot
ing rights in the second day of a
three-day annual state convention.
The NAACP also organized a
state youth council which officials
say will “groom future Negro lead
ers” for the integration fight.
Clarence Mitchell, director of the
association's Washington bureau,
(Continued on Page Five)
Say Rate Hate
Used As Union
Busing Weapon
In The State
WASHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 11.
—Two Mississippi firms were
named by labor leader James B.
Carey yesterday, saying “industry
has started to use race-hatred as
a union-busting weapon.”
Carey is the president of the In
ternational Union of Electrical
Workers (IUE) and an AFL-CIO
vice president, cited four southern
companies, with using “this new
technique of war against labor.”
He named the Neco Co. of Bay
(Continued on Page Four)

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Receives Check For $11,000
From Packinghouse Workers
RUSSELL R. LASLEY, International Vice President (left) presents check to Dr. King (center) for
educational aspects of Voting Crusade for Southern Christian Leaders Conference. Ralph Helstein
(right) International President of Packinghouse workers looks on.
Northern Cities Have School
Segregation In Fact But Not In Law
Chicago, 111., Nov. 11—A poten
tially explosive “segregation” prob
I lem exists “in fact but not in law”
in the public school systems of 9
j major northern cities whose total
! population h&s risen to more than
four million people, about two-and
a-half times 1940.
Los Angeles is included among
these cities, according to the Am
erican Jewish Congress, which
(Continued on Page Six)
NIXON OKAYS NEGRO NEIGHBORS
Washington, D. C., Nov. 12—In
a surprise answer to a plot by
Georgia segregationists to move a
Negro family ... the larger the
better—into a restricted residential
area where Vice President Dick
Nixon lives—sources close to Nixon
gave out the report that “he
wouldn’t care less.” It was also
understood that Nixon would per
sonally welcome such an addition to
the neighborhood. This bit of in
formation will no doubt surprise
the Georgia group who expected
Nixon to be publicly embarrassed.
(Continued on Page Seven)
Missing Negro Boy Returns Unharmed
Pontotoc, Miss., Nov. 12—A 16
year-old Negro youth missing here
since Oct. 31 has been located and
“he’s unharmed,” Public Safety
Commissioner Tom Scarbrough an
nounced Tuesday.
Scarbrough said young Jesse
Harvey Bradford has been taken to
the office of Sheriff M. C. Hebree
at Pontotoc “and is being question
ed now about his disappearance
and where he's been.”
Scarbrough said word of Brad
ford’s being found came from D.
B. Crockett, the investigator which
the highway patrol sent to Ponto
toc in response to an appeal by
Hembree for help.
Scarbrough could not immediate
(Continued on Page Four)
American Baptist Theological
Seminary To Unveil Third Memorial
5000 In Thanksgiving Celebration
Nasnviiie, lenn., Nov. iz.—The
real meaning of the season plus
the unveiling of the third “Memor
ial Five-Thousand” will be double
reason for American Baptist The
ological Seminary here to celebrate
Thanksgiving this year.
The 4,500,000 members of the
National Baptist Convention, USA,
Inc., parent body to ABT Seminary
along with the Southern Baptist
Convention, have been called to be
a part of this both solemn and
gay seasonal observance. They
have been asked to remember the
seminary in both prayer and fi
nance.
Previous experience gives rea
sons fox' high hopes of success.
The most concrete “previous ex
perience” is seen in the “Memorial
Ffve-Thousand.” Herein is seen a
high dedication to the continuation
of Christian education as a solid
integral part of the National Bap
(Continued on Page Two)
| Construction
Started On New
$500,000 Jackson
College Library
Construction of the new $500,
000 Jackson State College Library
got underway this week with ap
propriate ground - breaking cere
monies. Of the money appropriated
for its construction, $400,000 was
(Continued on Page Three)
Reds Exploit
Little Rock Says
Home Editor
New Orleans, La., Nov. 11—Gu
glierlo Biraghi, editor of “II Mes
saggero,” Rome’s largest news
paper, declared last week that the
Little Rock problem has been ex
(Continued on Page Five)
South Africa
Greets Ghanan
CAPETOWN, South Africa, Nov.
12. — South African segregation
was dispensed with temporarily
Tuesday with the arrival of R. C.
Simpson, the first African repre
sentative of the Government of
Ghana to arrive in South Africa.
-o. .
Tranquilizing
Drug Is Old
Zulu Remedy
Johannesburgh, South Africa,
Nov. 11—<Speak to any Zulu tribes
man about1 the white man’s medi
cine and he will probably say medi
cal science is moving backwards.
(Continued on Page Four)
Governors Of N. Y.
And Mich. Call
Conference On
Segregation In
Northern States
See Focus On South
But Say North Has
Own Special Problem
Albany, N. Y., Nov. 12—Gover
nor Harriman joined Gov. G. Men
nen Williams of Michigan, last
Wednesday in calling a twelve-state
conference on discrimination prob
lems in Northern states.
The invitation went out to Gov
ernors in the dozen states that have
adopted anti-discrimination legis
lation in the last twelve years. All
but one of the Governors—Vernon
W. Thomson of Wisconsin—are
Democrats.
“Although the principal empha
sis on the civil rights issue in re
cent months has been focused on
(Continued on Page Four)
| Negro Vote Factoi
For Winners In
Little Rock
Election
Army Orders More
Federal Troops To
Leave City
Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 12 —
Little Rock’s “moderates” Captur
ed last Wednesday six of the seven
positions on the city’s new Board
of Directors. They won by only
small margins and then only with
the help of overwhelming Negro
support.
A candidate backed by a segrega
tionist organization won the
seventh place by the largest ma
jority polled by any of the candi
dates.
A few hours after it was certain
that the middle-of-the-road group
had won, Army Headquarters here
announced that it had received ord
ers from Washington to cut in half
(Continued on Page Four)
Durham City Council OK’s Request
For Race-Relations Committee
DURHAM, N. C., Nov. 11.—An
interracial committee designed to
handle any problems arising in re
lations between the races has been
approved for formation by the
Durham City Council.
The move came at the Council’s
regular Monday night meeting.
Actually, the Council was ac
ceeding to a request by a group of
prominent citizens who petitioned
the Council to set up such a com
mittee.
The petition was signed by 30
I Durhamites who were described as
1 “leading citizens.”
The establishment of such a
committee to deal with problems
arising in race relations will be
a first for Durham. It is a step
that has been long advocated by
many persons of various points of
view.
In voting to set up the commit
| tee, the Council set forth three
rather general purposes for the
i body which are presumed to be
I (Continued on Page Six)
South Africa Natives Protest
March Dispersed By Air Force
/.-eenurst, ooutn Airica, xsov.
12—Eight South African Air Force
training planes today dispersed
several thousand Africans, mostly
women, after they had attempted a
march on this hot, dusty little
town in western Transvaal.
The planes supported policemen
who set up roadblocks on the main
road from the Baphuretse Reserve
to the town. After flying over Zee
j rust, the planes broke formation
I and skimmed over the marchers at
tree-top level.
The Africans were marching to
town to demonstrate while a Gov
ernment commission of inquiry was
in Zeerust investigating riots
earlier this year by women op
posed to the issue of special passes
to Africans.
President Reddix Corrects Reports
On Money For Men’s Dormitory
With housing facilities at Jack
son State College at a premium, of
ficials at the College were being
bombarded with questions on the
report that the College had recent
ly refused a grant for the purpose
of erecting a much needed men's
dormitory. Most of the queries, no
matter how stated, were really
concerned with one thing—“How
come?” At a faculty and staff
meeting Thursday afternoon, Pres
ident J. L. Reddix explained that
“The money in question was not
fo$ a dormitory as reported, but
was actually for furniture for a
men's dormitory which we had
hoped to build.” It was explained
that the proposed 100-room dormi
tory would have been built on a
government loan, but due to a
dearth of rooms already available
for the amortization of the loan
(o. ly 70 dormitory rooms were ac
ceptable to the government offi
(Continued on Page Six)
Negro Youths
Convicted In
School Yard
Assault Case
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Nov. 9.—
A jury Friday night convicted
five Negro youths on charges of
criminally assaulting and beating
a teen-age white girl in a South
Philadelphia schoolyard.
A sixth defendant pleaded guilty.
Judge Louis E. Leventhal im
mediately sentenced all six to terms
in Eastern State Penitenitiary
ranging up to 15 years.
The girl, Katherine Heckart, who
was 17 at the time of the attack,
testified her attackers dragged her
into a deserted schoolyard the
night of Sept. 18. There, she said,
they beat her and held her down
while she was assaulted. A 16
(Continued on Page Two)
NAACP To File
Early Civil Rights
Suits In State
A spokesman for the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People says his organi
zation will seek to prosecute sev
eral Mississippians for civil rights
violations.
Clarence Mitchell, director' o>f the
NAACP’s Washington bureau, told
Mississippi NAACP members at a
state convention here Sunday, “as
early as last week four Mississippi
officials have violated the new
civil rights law.”
“We are taking these cases to
the nation's capital to lay them
before the Department of Justice.”
Mitchell did not name the counties
involved.
The law permits the Justice De
partment to prosecute officials un
lawfully depriving persons of
votes.
j CHESTER BOWLES, FORMER
AMBASSADOR TO INDIA CALLS
INTEGRATION THE PRIMARY
DOMESTIC ISSUE OF OUR TIMES
Say Deep Dis-Harmony In Onr
National Life Can No Longer
Be Swept Under The Rug
Family Honored At 25th Anniversary Dinner
Of The Experiment In International Living
State NAACP
Conference In
Meeting Here
Sharp Drop In
Attendance Noted
The state Conference of NAACP
Branches held its 13th-Annual Ses
sion here last week, starting Fri
day, and ending with a mass meet
ing at the Masonic Temple Sunday
1 afternoon.
The three-day session included
a workshop on voting, a Freedom
j Fund dinner, a program at College
(Continued on Page Six)
WASHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 12.
—Chester Bowles, former Ambas
sador to India, asserted tonight
that racial integration ‘was “the
primary domestic moral issue of
our times.”
Little Rock, Ark., as well as the
Soviet satellite, he told the 25th
anniversary dinner of the Experi
ment in International Living, has
awakened America “to a desire to
be up and doing again.”
“Now we know that this deep
disharmony in our national life
can no longer be swept under the
rug,” he said.
Mr. Bowles’ address responded
to the group’s conferring its first
annual citation to “the Chester
Bowles family—Chester, Dorothy,
Barbara, Chester, Jr., Cynthia,
(Continued on Page Five)
i NEGRO LAWYER IS ELECTED
i MEMBER DETROIT CITY COUNCIL
UJSTKUIT, Mich., Nov. 11.—-De
troit voters in their nonpartisan
city elections Nov. 5 broke with
precedent on two counts; they
chose a woman as president of the
Common (city) Council and elect
ed a Negro to the council.
Mayor Louis C. Miriani w'on a
four-year term with a record ma
jority of 290,626 to 48,399. He has
been Mayor since September when
Mayor Albert E. Cobo passed on,
taking over from his former po
sition as president of the Common
Council.
Detroit keeps it city elections
non-partisan, so it is difficult to
draw any significant conclusions
as to party strength from them.
However, two candidates backed
strongly by the United Auto Work
ers (AFL-CIO) took council seats.
State Democratic leaders could
be discerned in the background,
leaving the electioneering to the
(Continued on Page Two)
I President Names Rights Commission
| Washington, D. C., Nov. 11—
! President Eisenhower has an
nouneed the selection of the mem
bers of the Civil Rights Commis
sion as provided for under the re
cently enacted Federal Civil Rights
Law.
Those selected are Former U. S.
Supreme Court Justice Stanley
Reed, named Chairman, John A.
Hannah, President, Michigan State
University, a former Assistant
Secretary of Defense, Vice-Chair
mart, John S. Battle, former Gov
ernor of Virginia, Rev. Theodore M.
Hesburgh, President, Notre Dame
| University, Robert G. Storey, Presi
dent, Southern Methodist Univer
sity, Dallas, Texas and J. Ernest
Wilkins.
Mr. Wilkins, a Negro who is no
relation to Roy Wilkins of the
NAACP, is an Assistant Secretary
of Labor.
The appointments are subject to
(Continued on Page Five)
AFRICA PONDERS IN WAKE OF
RUSSIANS SATELLITE VICTORIES
JOHANNESBURG, South Af
rica, Nov. 11.—Two Soviet satel
lites in outer space and an impress
ive display of military might in
Moscow’s Red Square Nov. 7 are
producing a thoughtful new cli
mate in different parts of Africa.
Here in South Africa the shock
of the Soviet triumphs has been
followed by significant new pres
sure for the retention of South
Africa’s ties with the Western al
liance and for continued member
ship in the British Commonwealth
; and the United Nations. Prime
j Minister Johannes G. Strijdom’s
-—
own nationalist newspaper, Die
Transvaler, has twice recently
warned South Africa against isola
tionism in light of the Soviet suc
cesses.
South Africa’s white government
is staunchly anti-Communist and,
together with that of the neigh
boring Federation of the Rhodesias
and Nyasaland, may be relied upon
to keep southern Africa firmly
within the ranks of the West.
Open Question
But whether the remainder of
black Africa, much of it teetering
(Continued on■ Page Six)
Study Seven Bodies In Insurance
Racket Of Negro Woman
Selma, Ala., Nov. 9 — At least
one person is being treated for
arsenic poisoning and seven bodies
have been exhumed in the investi
gation of a Negro woman charged
with killing three persons. Investi
gators said she carried insurance
on them and about 90 other Ne
groes.
Mary Perkins, 36, a widow, is
charged with poisoning her late
husband, Charlie; Della Davis, 70,
a neighbor; and Gloria Jean Mont
gomery, 10-month-old neighbor
child.
Solicitor Blanchard McLeod said
the woman admitted killing the
elderly woman and the child, but
that she claimed her husband took
rat poison by mistake.
State toxicologist Vann Pruitt
said today that Mary Lanier, 71, is
being treated for arsenic poison*
ing. Pruitt said the Lanier woman
was visited by Mrs. Perkins about
thre^ weeks ago and that she gave
her a glass of milk.
Pruitt said examination showed
definite traces of arsenic ih the
Lanier woman's body.
Other bodies exhumed beside
(Continued on Page Two)

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