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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, November 16, 1957, Image 4

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JACKSON ADVOCATE
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI
A Member Of The Audit Bureau Circulations
Make all checks payable to the Jackson Advocate; Address, 406
North Farish Street.
Phone, Office.2-1617
Phone, Society Editor. 2-121?
“In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the
fingers, but in all things that affect our mutual progress and develop
ment we can be together as the hand.”—Booker T. Washington.
Entered as Second Class Matter in the Post Office at Jackson.
Miss., July 13, 1945 under Act of Congress, March 13, 1879.
PERCY GREENE...Editor and Publisher
FRANCES REED GREENE . Society Editor
Subscription Rates: One Year $4.00. Six Months $2.50 by mail
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National Advertising Representatives
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The NAACP Meeting—A Challenge
To Negro Leadership
The State Conference of Branches of the NAACP
held its annual meeting here last week and in no instance
can it be said that the representatives of its national
office who were the chief speakers during the meeting,
Clarence Mitchell of the Washington Bureau, Gloster
Current, the Director of Branches and Mrs. Ruby Hur
ley, its Southeastern Regional Director, have discovered
the fact that name-calling and the vindictive retort is
no substitute for the statesmanship and diplomacy so
badly needed by Negro leaders in these troubled times
in the matter of Race Relations; and this despite some
recent developments which should have had a sobering
effect on the National NAACP Officials.
One of the recent developments to which we refer
specifically is the recent speech to the nation by Presi
dent Eisenhower on the sending of troops to Little
Rock, in which he pointed out what had long been ap
parent to every intelligent observer, that International
Relations demands a solution of the race problem in the
United States, which as everyone with the slightest
intelligence knows is a demand arising out of the chal
lenge of Russian Communism to U. S. and World De
mocracy.
In the light of the fact that the demands for the
solution of the race problem arises out of the challenge
of Russian Communism to U. S. and World Democracy,
unless the NAACP can show its part in influencing the
October 1917 Revolution that gave birth to communism
in Russia, its actual role in the development of Civil
Rights for Negroes in the country has been a little less
than coincidental, especially considering the fact that it
has been laboring in the field of civil rights since 1908
with little or no results until after the Second World War
when communism rose to challenge U. S. and World
Democracy.
The President’s speech on the Little Rock crisis j
therefore, should have marked the end of the NAACP’s
name calling, big talk, and threats, as well as its cam
paign to make the Negro in the South believe that it is
all powerful and that it has the only method and ap- i
proach to the solution of the race problems in this
country.
The Jackson Advocate and its Editor, “Uncle Tom”
Percy Greene, is primarily interested in the solution of
the race problem in Mississippi on a formula that will
enable its Negro and white people to live side by side in
peace, progress, and goodwill, the solution that can be
found when intelligent Negro and w'hite leaders in the
state start meeting and working together to that end.
In his speech referring to those who believe in seg
regation of the races as “misguided missiles in an era
of sputniks”, Gloster Current refused to consider the
fact that those who believe in segregation are as deep
ly sincere in their conviction as are those who believe in
integration and are entitled to the same kind of respect;
such remarks together with the remarks and threats
of civil rights suits against state officials in the clos
ing address by Clarence Mitchell, can only be taken as
further evidence that the white people who command
the sources of power and authority are never going to
consent to sit down with leaders of the NAACP in seek
ing a solution of the race problem in the state.
Indeed, it is becoming more apparent to intelligent
observers everywhere that because of the total lack of
statesmanship and diplomacy on the part of its leaders,
the NAACP, despite the added help of communism, is
delaying rather than hastening Negro first-class citi
zenship.
In every NAACP meeting, there are always derisive
remarks about Negro “Uncle Toms,” a term designed
to humiliate and belittle, which NAACP adherents apply
to any Negro who maintains a friendly and respectful
relationship with white people, especially those in posi
tions of power and authority.
Finally, in a recent editorial in the McComb Enter
prise Journal, on the subject of race relations, and the
future progress of Negroes, addressed primarily to
white people, there was also this challenge, despite the
NAACP, and the likelihood of being called an “Uncle
Tom,” that responsible Negro leaders, seek some ground
of friendly relationship and cooperation with the white
leaders, of their community and of the state in working
toward a solution of the problems of race relations in
the state.
Civil Rights: To Light The Way
Ever since the Supreme Court handed down its de
cision outlawing compulsory racial segregation in the
public schools there has existed an urgent need for a
commission of great prestige, both intrinsic and presi
dentially bestowed, to focus the nation's attention on
solutions instead of on conflict.
Ever since civil rights legislation showed the slight
est prospect of congressional passage the very large
question has loomed whether the commission it provided
for would perform such a clarifying and conciliating
function or would prove to be a policeman and a pro
secutor.
The six men just appointed by President Eisenhow
er to the Civil Rights Commission should be able large
ly to meet the need. Their backgrounds to a large ex
tent answer the question.
They are men of very considerable distinction: an 1
Things You Should Know
LOmAN
1100 B.C.
The most famous sage of the eas^
WRITER OF 10.000 PROVERBS AND FABLES/
# «
MOHAMMED QUOTED HIM- NAMED CHAPTER
31 OF THE KORAN AFTER HIM/AS A BLACK
SLAVE AND WISE MAN, IT IS SOMETIMES
THOUGHT THAT HE AND AESOP WERE ONE
BUT EXPERTS HAVE PROVEN AESOP LIVED
500 YEARS LATER... 0NCE,WISHING TO REMAIN ASIMPLEUHAKIMf
(SAGE^LOKMAN REFUSED AN OFFER TO BECOME THE HEIR OF
KING DAVID OF ISRAEL/
Coa/t'/UIT/W+c -
Associate Justice for 19 years on the Supreme Court
(Stanley F. Reed of Kentucky); a former Governor of
a great Southern state (John S. Battle of Virginia);
the president of a great university and former Assistant
Secretary of Defense (John A. Hannah of Michigan
State); a former president of the American Bar As
sociation and dean of a university law school (Robert G.
Story of Southern Methodist); a present Assistant Sec
retary of Labor and past president of a metropolitan
bar association (J. Ernest Wilkins of Chicago); and the
president of another famous university (the Rev. T. M.
Hesburgh of Notre Dame). 'These men are representa
tive both of North and South, of Protestants and Roman
Catholics, and of whites and Negroes.
In pursuance of the law they must listen to corn,
plaints and they may uncover conditions in which either
the protection of civil rights has moved too slowly or
impatience threatens to damage the social fabric. But
the make-up of this body precludes its becoming an
agency of either side of the segregation question against
the other.
Will these commissioners be confirmed by the Senate
(they are recess appointees) ? Senator Eastland and
allies will likely attack Mr. Reed as one of the unanimous
court which struck down segregation—also Assistant
Secretary Wilkins if they can discover any possible tie
with the NAACP. On the other hand, ardent integra
tionists may oppose Mr. Battle because he was once
(1950-54) Governor of the state that is attempting
“massive resistance” to the Supreme Court decrees. And
there may be some objections to others on other grounds.
But in general the standing of the nominees raises them
above crucial vulnerability.
There is much this commission can do toward allay
ing excessive fears and findings and clearing common
ground.
The struggle and the controversy now is not .so
much over whether desegregation will or will not come
“ever,” but over the speed and the method of the pro
cess. How fast and how far is it realistic and just to
expect this process to proceed? What is the least and
the most this nation should expect of itself and of its
several regions? What goals are reasonable and defensi
ble for the white?
If this newly created Civil Rights Commission can
help to light the way to answers it will have perform
ed indeed a service for the age.
XMAS CHEER CLUB MEETS; SETS
BASKET REGISTRATION DATE
The Jackson Negro Christmas'
Cheer Club held its initial meet
ing Wednesday, November 6. The
Club decided and it is herewith an
nounced that registration dates for
Christmas Cheer Baskets will be
held on Friday, November 15, 1957
and Monday, November 18, 1957
at Central Methodist Church from
9 a. m. until 5 p. m. All persons
who feel that their financial condi
tion justify them being considered
for a Christmas Basket must ar
range to register on the dates
recited above.
Extension Agents
Meeting Here
Jackson, Miss. — The annual
meeting of Mississippi’s over 100
Negro Extension Service agents
will be held November 20-22 at
College Park Auditorium in Jack
son.
Negro state Extension leaders,
with headquarters in Jackson, who
announced the meeting and will
conduct it, are W. E. Ammons, Dai
sey M. Lewis, Florence D. Allen,
T. M. Moman, Alberta Dishmon and
G. E. Gray.
“Better Living Through Planned
Agriculture” will be the theme.
Several state and national agri
culaurai leaders will address vari
ous sessions. These include Admin
istrator C. M. Ferguson, Federal
Extension Service, Washington, D. I
Mother And
Infant Care
Course Offered
By Red Cross
The first “Mother and Infant
Care” course for Negroes will be
offered by the Hinds-Rankin Coun
ties Chapter, American Red Cross
beginning Nov. 11.
The course will be conducted at
the Christ the King School, 2300
Lynch Street, through the cooper
ation of Father Figaro, principal.
Classes will be from 7 to 9 p.m.
Nov. 11-15 and Nov. 18. Teachers
will be registered, professional
nurses from University Hospital.
Enrollment in the class will be
on a first come, first served basis,
according to Mrs. Kathalyne Bear
den, Red Cross nursing director.
She said 20 persons will be en
rolled in the first class but if
sufficient interest is shown, an- j
other class will be started.
The class is open to all expect- i
ant mothers in Hinds and Rankin j
counties, to parent-teacher groups, |
to students and to any adult in- j
terested in pre-natal and infant j
care. Mrs. Bearden said a group j
from Jackson College will attend;
and she urged high school students
to enroll.
During the class, special empha
sis will be placed on making nurs
ery equipment from articles found
around the home.
Subjects included in the course
will be: explanation of labor and
birth, handling the new baby,
bathing and dressing the baby,
preparation of formula, diet and
exercises for the expectant mother,
the role of the new father an<j the
C.; Chief Mary L. Collings, Exten
sion Training Branch, Federal Ex
tension Service; Assistant Exten
sion Director Brice Ratchford,
North Carolina State College; Di
rector of University Relations Wil
liam Nunn, University of Minne
sota; Mississippi Extension Di
rector Clay Lyle,* Commissioner of
Agriculture Si Corley; President
of the Mississippi Farm Bureau
Boswell Stevens; Associate Exten-,
sion Director M. S. Shaw, and !
State Home Demonstration Agent
Earle Gaddis.
Negro County Agent Charlie H.
Burton of Washington County will
tell of his recent temporary duty
as an agricultural leader in Africa.
Experiences in Extension work
here will be given by Negro County
Agent Charlie Johnson of Sharkey
County and Negro Home Demon
stration Agent Bessie R. Gay of
Leflore County.
Other subjects discussed on the
program will include entomology,
4-H Club work and Balanced Farm
and Home Planning.
THE QUEENS AND THREE—All smiles are Miss Joyce Elmore, third from left, "Miss Capital Clas
sic" for 1957, and Misses Barbara Mitchell, left, and Helen Coble, right, who were runners-up. The
l>eautiful young women were awarded trophies by The Coca-Cola Company at half-time of the Capita*
Classic in Washington, D. C., last week. Standing in on ceremony are Horace Cocroft, Washington Coca
Cola Bottling Work, Moss H. Hendrix and Otis N. Thompson, Jr., The Moss H. Hendrix Organization,
public relations representatives for the Coca-Cola industry. Morgan'State^College defeated West Virginia
State College 33-0 in the 16th annual classic event. *>
UP
AND
DOWN
FARISH
STREET
By PERCY GREENE
FARISH STREET SATURDAY
NIGHT: “It’s a po wind that never
changes” is the way I used to hear
the thing put by my grandma when
I was a boy, and I know new as
I learned a long time ago that
she was giving vent to the wis
dom and philosophy that have come
down through time and the ages
in the lore and tradition of the
Tribe of Haggar. The same idea
has been transmitted to posterity,
mongst those of a difference in
expressions that have become a
part of the classic tradition, and
because of such expressions in
times of great concern and fore
bodings folks have been able to
look back on such sayings and
find the new courage and new
hope on which progress is made
... I heard some frustrated mem
ber's of the Tribe of Haggar la
menting over what’s wrong in the
world as it affects Aint Haggar’s
Chilluns while I was eating my
fish and drinking my beer, and the
way they were talking about
things and a-g«ung on they’d
reached the end of the road as far
as they were concerned. The more
I listened to their conversation
the more it dawned on me that
they hadn’t never heard of that
fellow, who in dire straits out on
that lake that day, with faith and
future of his country at stake, in
the face of what looked like a
hopeless case, kept saying “Don’t
Give Up The Ship” and as far as
that remark is concerned there
may be those who’ll say that Aint
Haggar’s Chillun don’t know too
much about history noways, which
may all be true, but what I started
out to say is this, when ever my
grandma used to talk she put his
tory, philosophy, tradition, wisdom
and understanding in as fewer
words than I’ve ever been able to
find in any kinda book, cept’n of
course the BIBLE, which was my
grandma’s favorite book . . . look
ing back to her, when ever the
breaks got tough, and everything
suddenly becomes cloudy and fore
boding, I just keep plugging away
. . . remembering all the time what
my grandma used to say . . . and I
it’s still good advice for Aint Hag
gar’s Chillun everywhere . . . It’S
A PO WIND THAT NEVER
CHANGES.
SOMETHING THAT MADE ME
LAFF: That certain young lady
I heard asking a friend, How come,
you reckon those girls over in the
Maple Street project keeps on
wearing their shorts . . . after the
weather has turned cool . . .
THAT OLE BIRD that carries!
in his bill that little old heart- 1
warming and family-cementing
bundle, left another one the other
day at the home of Rev. Clennon
King, the Alcorn College professor.
Itsa girl. The name: Liberia
Ethiopia Virginia King . . . and
everybody is well and happy.
WEEKLY QUOTATION: “Cour
age is a virtue only so far as it
is directed by prudence.”
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—--o
Tougaloo Sou.
Christian Choir
Presented Here
Sunday Nov. 17 ;
The Tougaloo Southern Chris-!
tian College Choir, fresh from a I
tour which carried them before
large enthusiastic audiences in New
York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island
and Connecticut, will be presented j
here on Sunday, Nov. 17, 5:15 p.m. i
at the Masonic Temple Auditorium. !
Critics there were profuse in their j
praise of the rare combination of j
good voice, technique and artistry j
as exhibited by this 43-voi%ed sing-1
ing group under” the direction of !
Mrs. Sarah Booker Turner.
Now, music lovers and friends of
the local community will have op
portunity to enjoy these seasoned
performers when they appear in
their first local concert of the sea
son.
The Tougaloo Southern Christian
College Alumni Club, under whose
sponsorship the choir is being pre
sented here, met Sunday in the
home of Mrs. Gladys Bates for
final planning for this presenta
tion. According to H. M. Thomp
son, president of the local alumn
club, tickets may be purchaser
from any member of the local TSC
Alumni Club.
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baby in the family group. Therr
will also be a visit to the maternitj
departments of local hospitals.^
Anyone interested in attendinf
the class may call the chaptei
fiouse at 734 North State Street
or may attend the first class or
Nov. 11 at 7 p.m.
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WEEKLY I
POEM
REV. JOHN R. PERKINS
IN MEMORY OF OUR LATE
BRO. EUCLID PILLARS, JR.
He was loved by all who knew him
And his friends were by the score
V\ hen death came and called for
him
He was very much ready to go.
He lived to make friends we see
With mosjt all he knew
He did not fear when death stepped
in
Because his heart had been made
new.
His many friends will miss him
On every side of his life
He was a faithful son of his mother
A faithful and loving husband to
his wife.
He was a man who made his friends
By his everyday walk of life
His wife is going to miss him
He was a husband for his wife.
His record is on the Lamb’s Book
For Jesus to invite him in
He is going toJbe in that number
When the saints go marchin in.
By Rev. John R. Perkins,
2611 Lilly St.
Jackson, Mississippi.
NOTE: Regular services will'be
held at Pleasant Green Temple
Church Sunday, November 17, out
from Edw’ards, Miss. Everyone is
cordially invited to attend these
services. Rev. John R. Perkins,'
pastor.
-o
Missing Boy...
(Continued fj-om Page One)
ly provide details on where or how
the youth was found.
At Pontotoc, Bob Cook, publisher
of the Pontotoc Progress, said the |
youth “walked into a store here i
alive and all right today.”
Cook said Bradford told officers
he “caught a ride in a truck to
Columbus and “had been there
since.”
Columbus is about 50 miles from
Pontotoc.
The announcement came within
an hour after Scarbrough stated j
that “there is no racial issue” in
the youth’s disappearance.
The commissioner said the
sheriff and highway patrd offi
cers have been “unable even to un
cover even a hint” that a ly racial
trouble was associated with the
case.
He said the disappearance of
Young Harvey Bradford “perhaps
is a case of murder but it’s not a
so-called race killing.”
Scarbrough said the boy’s mo
ther, Margaret Herron, reported !
on Nov. 4 that Jesse had not been
seen since leaving his sister’s house
Oct. 31 to buy soft drinks at a near
by filling station.
“Rumors that thre white men
seized him and carried him away
in a car are being investigated,”
the commission said.
Sheriff M. C. Hembree said at
Pontotoc today that one of two
Negroes jailed for juestioning told
of seeing Bradford forced into a
car at gun-point Oct. 31 by white
men. Hembree said the man, Char
les McAlister, told the story to
other Negroes but refused to dis
cuss the case further after being
jailed.
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-o
Say Race...
(Continued from Page One)
Springs, Miss.; the Vickers Co. at
Jackson, Miss., and at Gainesville;
Fla., both allied with the Sperry
Rand Co. Another was the West
inghouse Electric Co. at Raleigh.
N. C., he said.
Carey said both Mississippi
firms, as a counter move in an
IUE organizing campaign, circu
lated a photo showing him dancing
“with an attractive young Negro
lady.”
He said the picture was taken
at an official party given by the
Swiss government at a meeting of
the International Labor Organiza
tion in Geneva two years ago.
Carey said he was mystified how
the photo, taken by a Swiss pho
tographer, “found its way 5,000
miles away from Geneva into the
hands and the newspaper press of
Mississippi employers and race
haters.”
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Negro Vote...
(Continued from Page One)
the number of Federal troops sta
tioned at Central High School.
About 500 paratroopers of the
101st Airborne Division are now in
Little Rock to prevent interference
with court-ordered integration, and
1,800 Arkansas National Guards
men are still in Federal service.
The election surged back and
forth last night and into the early
hours. Until almost the last minute
the candidates supported by the
segregationist Capital Citizens
Council, an affiliate of the White
Citizens Councils, held the lead in
four of the seven contests.
But toward 3 a.m. Eastern Stand
ard Time, three wards, including
a heavily populated Negro area,
reported a county that tipped the
scales of six Good Government
Committee—the “moderate” slate
—and thereafter they held to their
slim leads.
In one of the contests, a good
government candidate, Leo H. Grif
fin, an automobile executive, edg
ed out his rival, H. H. Crow, a re
tired machinery manufacturer, by
only 31 votes, according to the un
official count.
Mrs. Edgar F. Dixon, a former
member of the Little Rock School
Board, who was on the board when
it set up Central High School's in
tegration plan, defeated Mrs. Clyde
Thomason, Secretary of the seg
regationist Mothers League of
Central High, by 482 votes.
The largest margin of victory by
a Good Government Committee
candidate was 1,669 votes. Gervase
W. Blankenship, a sign executive,
defeated Mrs. F. E. Bates, a real
estate operator by a vote of 10,
590 to 8,921.
i ne oniy victorious segregauon
ist-sponsored candidate, Letcher L.
Langford, an insurance salesman,
defeated Leland F. Leatherman, a
lawyer, by 2,845 votes, the largest
margin piled up by any of the
candidates.
In the campaign preceding the
election, the Good Government
Committee had tried to avoid the
race issue. But in the final week,'
the Capital Citizens Council began
a campaign to suggest that if the
Good Government Committee slate
was elected it would promote inte
gration in Little Rock’s swimming
pools, parks, playgrounds and other
municipal facilities. On the eve of
the election, a Good Government
spokesman declared that its can
didates had been “unjustly accus
ed” of being for integration.
Negro Vote Is Cited
It was obvious that the Negro
vote put the Good Government
Committee candidates over.
The total vote in Little Rock
was 21,500, or a little more than
50 per cent of the 41,000 qualified
voters in the city.
However, a Negro political lead
er here estimated today that of
approximately 9,000 qualified Ne- ,
gro voters in Little Rock, more
than 75 per cent had gone to the
polls and had voted almost unani
mouslv for the Good Government
candidates.
The winners in the other con
tests were: Warren Baldwin, a
real estate executive; H. L. Win
hurn, a tile manufacturer, and
Warren C. Knoop, a construction
executive.
Seven other candidates ran as
independents, but trailed badly
from the outset and were never a
serious threat.
The new Board of Directors,
which replaces Little Rock s old
City Council, will elect a Mayor
and an Assistant Mayor from its
ranks and eventually will hire a
professional City Manager.
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_rv ■ — -
T ranquiliqing...
(Continued from Pape One)
Ask him why and he will 'tell
you about tranquillizers.
For hundreds of years nervous
and overstrained Zulus have been
using a form of the modern tran
quilizing drug.
The root of a tree is his tran
quillizing drug and chemical analy
sis will show that it contains res
erpine, a drug pharmacists say is
closely related to tranquillizers.
Until a year ago India was the
only known country that produced
reserpine botanically.
Last year\the University of Na
tal discovered the drug in use
among the Zulu people. The tree
that provides the witch doctor with
reserpine is slow growing and is
not a commercial proposition.
This is not the only example of
African wisdom. The Hottentots,
now virtually extinct, had a com
mon cure for headaches many years
ago.
Scientists investigating the cure
in pre-war years fou*id it was very
similar to aspirin, a modern remedy
for headaches.
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-o
Governors...
(Continued from Page One)
the South,” the New York and
Michigan Governors said in their
invitation, “states in the North
have their own special problems
pressing for solution.”
The governors proposed that re
presentatives of the twelve states
meet in Detroit on Nov. 18 to
draft an agenda for the formal
conference. This would be held on
Dec. 12 in New York.
The invitation was sent to the
Governors of Connecticut, Massa
chusetts, Rhode Island, New Jer
sey, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Min
nesota, Colorado, Oregon and
I Washington.
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