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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, April 02, 1960, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn79000083/1960-04-02/ed-1/seq-6/

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Women Urge...
(Continued from Tape One)
The “NOW” report emphasized
the harmful effects of segregation
on white as well as Negro chil
dren and cited a “growing aware
ness on the part of American wom
en” that the denial of equal educa
tional opportunities was “casting
a terrible blight” on the inner wel
fare of all children.
“Negro mothers have suffered
for their children as they saw the
denial of education that would
make it possible for their chil
dren to fulfill their potential,” Jus
tice Justine Wise Polier of the New
York Domestic Relations Court de
Shop and Sava
TclcpkM* 2-1491
Set Ua For
Naw u4 Und Gas Raagsa
dared in the report.
“Mother* of white children have
also begun to realize,” she said,
“that the apparent benefits of pre
ferred treatment based on color,
with its false assumptions of su
periority, its demands for wrongful
treatment of other children and its
alienation from children of other
races was creating moral conflicts,
insensitivity and deterioration of
the personal morality of their own
The “NOW for Equality” report
expressed concern “lest the great
est single issue facing our nation’s
schools—the issue of equality for
all our children—re relegated to an
unworthy spot by the White House
Conference that is directed to plan
for the youth of our nation for the
coming decade.
“Surely every effort to avoid
this issue, to prevent its full ex
ploration or to provide palatable
opiates would be unworthy of the
occasion and of the needs of our
children,” the report declared.
The report will be distributed j
among individual members of the
sixteen “NOW for Equality” spon
sor organizations who will serve
as delegates to the White House
Tighlighta of the report in
... An analysis of youth at
titudes toward racial integration
and civil liberties sponsored by
“NOW for Equality" for the aid
of a grant from the Field Founda
tion. The analysis, coordinated by
Dr. Martin Hamburger of New
York University, was based on the
Purdue University continuing
study of 10,000 American high
school students in all sections of
the country. Among the findings
(1) Mothers’ educational level
had a very significant effect in
determining attitudes toward seg
regation, particularly in the South.
(2) Liberal views on freedom of
speech, press, religion, etc., existed
side by side with racial bigotry
among the majority of the youths
(3) Attitudes toward various
types of integration differed sharp
ly from one kind of inter-racial
contact to another.
... A charge that school seg
(Continued from Page One)
marily moral. It is a question of
recognizing the human dignity of
our fellow man, our brothers cre
ated by the Father of all. Once
this principle is accepted, then we
can proceed to methods and tac
regation has a “corrosive effect"
on white pupils by making a
“mockery" of morality, religion
and democracy. In the report, Dr.
Kenneth Clark of The City College
of New York says that the “moral
quandary" of youths who are tau
ght about the Bill of Rights in
schools where Negro students are
barred leads to feelings of “guilt,
cynicism and contempt.” Dr. Clark,
who is president of the Society
for the Psychological Study of So
cial Issues, says that the “teen
age bigots" of Little Rock and
other Southern cities are the “end
result of the process of dehumani
zation resulting from the stunted
and provincial attitudes learned in
segregated schools.”
You’ll get this advance form by mail. Fill it out carefully. Makes it
quicker and easier for you when the census taker comes to your home.
Dear Householder
This Government report (arm i* (o» you to (ill out brlorr the L rnwj Taker call* to take thr 1940 Ce«Mt
U» Population and Housing Thr enclosed rsample wiU serve as a ruidr to help \uu put down thr required
answers (or each member at your houarhotd
It you will have the farm ready tor the Census Taker by April 1. you can help spred up thr Crnssu
and reduce costs In order to make the results mote accurate, you are a±rd to consult other members cd
your household, it necessary, to get the date* id birth and other fact* Any visit or* who stayed overnight
in your hatar on Thursday, March II, I960 slvould hr listed tn Section C id the report
A* provided in the ( institution, the Ceruus count will determine the numbrr id srats in Congress to br
apportionrd to each Stair Thr information which you give will also help Government snd business in de
veloping thro plans, which may affect all at us
In one out at every four homes, estrs questions will lie asked Thai homr is picked by chance, so that
no w knows in advance whether n wdl br yours or your neighbor's When thr Census Taker comes, he
will tell yon if your household hss been chosen
The ltdor mat ion that you are required so lurrash u held confidential by Law Your Census report
cannot be used fas purposes at tsisuos, investigation, or regulation
Sincerely yours,
$jb{vT i/
Ronsst W Scions Dmactm
Bureau of the Census
-— i\\
census Aerator
Your census taker will wear a
red, white and blue badge like
this. He’ll be around early in
Like other American business firms, we believe that business
has a responsibility to contribute to the public welfare. This
advertisement is therefore sponsored by
Silver Savers Store
Corner Faripfr and Hamilton Street
Home Dining Room
Corner Farish and Hamilton Street
Frazier & Collins
415 N. Farish Street
Sanders Millinery Shop
Cor. Farsih and Hamilton St FL 5-8471
MLS Drag Store
Cor. Lynch and Dalton St FL 5-0180
Peoples Funeral Home
886 N. Farish Street
Hunt & Whitaker
145-149 N. Farish Street
‘she treats her boyfriend like dirt,
tics for implementing it.”
“To bring about fair employ
ment, one of the first steps need
ed in any community is knowl
edge of the facts. Too often we
accept without question existing
practices of relegating Negroes to
menial and unskilled jobs. We
may hear that many in fact lack
skills, without realizing that lack
of opportunity means lack of in
centive. The vicious circle must
be broken, and the place to break
it is the employment office.”
“As employers and as custom
ers we should be sensitive to the
treatment of our fellow men who
are workers. We should not co
operate, even by indifference, in
discrimination that holds down and
degrades our brethren in Christ.
We are our brothers’ keepers.”
“In this regard, special mention
should be made of the problem,
recently publicized, of local unions
that refuse Negro members and
bar the doors to opportunities for
their training as apprentices. All
of us should face up to this prob
lem as forthrightly as did Mr.
George Meany, President of the
AFL-CIO. He flatly opposed this
discrimination. Furthermore, he
promised to act to break it down.”
“Those of us who have defended
so strongly the rights of labor
should join with Mr. Meany in
fighting those who fail to live up
I to their duties. We have consist
ently favored the union shop as a
protection for workers' rights.
But we should make it abundantly
clear that the use of this device
as a means for racial discrimi
nation is immoral and intolerable.”
. “I urge particularly that those
who have the opportunity to let
out building contracts consider this
obligation of justice as of the high
est urgency. We want such build
ings erected under conditons of
justice in regard to wages, hours,
and working conditions. But we
also want racial justice practiced
on the job.”
“I think that we should inquire
specifically into hiring practices
before we award a contract. Nor
I should such questions be routine
or perfunctory. If we are told
that qualified Negro Workers are
not available, we should make an
, independent examination to check
the facts. If we are told that
other workers may object, we
should take the matter to higher
authorities until we get satisfac
tory action.”
“The day of indifference or pas
sivity in the face of such prob
lems should have passed long ago.
f Not that discrimination or injus
tice was ever right, but in the
past some persons may not have
been aware that it was being prac
Tougaloo Pres.
At Convocation
Dr. S. C. Kincheloe, president of
Tougaloo Southern Christian Col
lege left for Denver, Colo, on Wed
nesday, March 23, to attend the
11th annual National Convocation
of the United Negro College Fund,
which was held March 25 to 27.
The three-day event provided an
opportunity for exchange of ideas
and planning of the campagin.
The Convocation marked the open
ing of the nation-wide I960 College
Fund appeal. The Governor of
Colorado Stephen L. R. McNichols
and Denver Mayor Richard Y. Bat
terton welcomed the presidents and
delegates Friday morning. Stan
ley C. Hope, chairman of the board,
National Association of Manu
facturers, and chairman, College
Fund Board of Directors, was the
principal speaker at a Chamber
of Commerce luncheon, Friday
Other major speakers scheduled
were Drs. John A. Hannah, Rufus
E. Clement, Benjamin E. Mays,
and Rufus P. Perry.
A special live one-hour tele
vision program was aired by Den
ver’s Station KIZ Friday after
noon. The show featured a panel
discussion with member-college
presidents and by music by UNCF's
Dillard University (New Orleans)
Saturday evening UNCF alumni
of the Rocky Mountain area hon
ored the presidents with a recep
tion and dinner. Sunday • morning
the presidents were guest speakers
in Denver's leading Protestant
Heading the Denver Convocation
committee was Robert L. Stearns
Rocky Mountain region colleges
former president of the University
of Colorado. Presidents of 18
and universities, businessmen and
ticed. But today there is no ex
cuse either for ignorance or in
action. ”
“While all Americans should ab
hor discrimination and should fight
for the democratic rights of all
citizens, we Catholic Americans
have special obligations in this
regard. Universality is a special
mark of the Church. And popes
and bishops have repeatedly
stressed the fact that all men are
our brothers, and that distinctions
of race and nationhood are mean
ingless in the sight of God. Both
our religious faith and our demo
cratic ideals should reinforce our
determination to fight for racial
Do’s And Don’ts
Yoofe PRJGNP5 ovfcfc
“Make their home life interesting.” '
President Of...
(Continued from Page One)
sanctions against South Africa.
But sanctons and boycotts would
have little effect, he said, unless
they were supported whole-heart
edly by the United States and
other powers. “A real boycott
might do some good,” he said. “If
the great powers were truly will
ing to take strong measures, they
could compel South Africa to halt
her bloodthirsty mthlessness.”
In an interview, President Tub
man also assailed French prepa
rations for further nuclear tests
in the Sahara; defended Guinea’s
President, Sekou Toure, against
charges that he was a Communist,
and revealed an offer by Liberia,
Guinea and Ghana to mediate the
Cameroon rebellion, which he said
was still ^unanswered by Cam
eroon’s Premier Ahmadou Ahidjo.
Aggressive Aim Denied
He said he was startled at the
recent announcement by Felix
Houphouet - Boigney, Premier of
the Ivory Coast, that former ser
vice men along that Country’s bor
ders with Liberia and Guinea were
being armed as a defensive meas
ure against invasion.
“I was of the opinion the best
relations existed between Liberia
and the Ivory Coast,” the Presi
dent said. “Boigney had prom
ised to visit me.” And then this
thing came out.”
Mr. Tubman, usually the most
cautious and soft-spoken of Afri
can leaders, blamed the French
nuclear test in the Sahara Feb. 13
for earthquakes and tidal waves
along the West African coast, in
eluding the disaster at Agadir
Morroco, in which thousands were
“Scientists may contend that
what happened at Agadir was not
a result of the Sahara test,” he
said. “But taking into considera
tion that these things don’t usually
happen in this part of the world,
it leaves us laymen convinced that
the bomb was at least a contrib
uttory cause if not the main cause.”
The Liberian President called
the South African race issue a
“disgrace to civilization and hu
manity.” It seems, he said, that
industrialists assisted.
Arthur L. Baldwin, senior part-1
ner in the Denver accounting firm, (
Baldwin, Chiappini, Kring and !
Tietze, handled arrangements for
the Chamber of Commerce lunch
eon. He heads the 1960 appeal in
the Rocky Mountain region.
The following members of the
UUNCF Board of Directors at- :
tended: Lindsley F. Kimball, ex
ecutive vice president, Rockefeller
Foundation; John H. W’heeler, at-:
torney and president, Mechanics <
and Farmers Bank of Durham, N. |
C.; Hobart Taylor, Houston busi
nessman; and Hobart Jackson, ad
ministrator, Stephen C. Smith
Home for the Aged, Philadelphia.
Also attending was John H
Johnson, Chicago publisher of
Ebony magazine, and UNCF na- j
tional campaign vice chairman; j
and W. J. Trent, Jr., UNCF execu- \
tive director.
“nothing can be done to deter,
ameliorate or modify the attitude
of the South African Govemihent.
“But I beljkve in retributive
justice,” he commented. “The mills
of the gods grind slowly but sure
Guinea’s Policy Upheld
President Tubman, who has a
warm friendship for President
Toure, is known to believe that
Guinea would not have become a
showplace for Communist-bloc aid
had the United States quickly
proffered recognition and help af
ter Guinea declared her independ
ence from the French Community
“I don’t get the impression
Sekou Toure is a Communist,” he
“My impression is that he is a
great nationalist. He will permit
neither the Communists nor the
democracies to thwart his nation
ilst ideas and tendencies.
“Of course, sometimes we. get
into contact with things that can
overpower us if we don’t control
them,” President Tubman went on.
“But I think Sekou Toure is a
wise man. He can take care of
himself and his country. I don’t
believe he would sacrifice nation
alism for anything in the world.”
Elks Grand...
(Continued from Page One)
the World. “Under the leadership
of Exalted Ruler Robt. H. Johnson,
Judge W. C. Hueston, and others,
we intend to plant the Flag of Elk
dom in Lagos, Nigeria, at a session
Extraordinary, during the Inde
pendence Celebrations”, he continu
Ambassadors and diplomats rep
resenting every responsible gov
ernment in the world will be on
hand to present their credentials,
when aproximately 50 million black
people take their destinies in their
own hands.
* Wanted To Be Set To Music
J by America's Largest Song Studio.
* Send Poems. Immediate consideration.
* Phonograph Records Made
Shop and Save
Telephone 2-5481
Us For
New Liringreeai Saltoi
Stanley Home
- - . it 4
Has Openings For
Two Demonstrators
DR 2-2755
117 W. Capitol St

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